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概括指导-议论文类


2013-2014 高二读写任务专项训练 (III) 议论文概括
班级_______ 姓名_________ 座号________ 分数________
Text 1

Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Caree

r women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than the job-holders. A study shows that whenever the employment rate increases by 1%, the death rate increase correspondingly by 2%. All this comes down to one point: work is helpful to health. Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy, away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are busy. Work serves as a bridge between man and reality. By work, people come into contact with each other. By collective activities, they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him likely to disease. Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Work makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words.

Make a summary
论题/论点

观点/论据

结论/态度

以约 30 个词概括短文大意
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

Text 2

Getting up early has been regard as a good habit since ancient times. Many years ago, people thought that if we went to bed early and get up early, we would be energetic the whole day. So, getting up early is of great importance to us all. In fact, morning is the best time of a day. In the morning, the air is the freshest and people are usually in the best conditions. Many of us may have the experiences that we memorize some things more quickly and accurately in the morning than any other time of the day. If we do some morning exercise or only take a short walk in the morning, we can build our bodies and become much healthier. Also we will have enough time to make a plan and get ready for our work or study of the day if we get up early. However, if we get up late, we will probably have to do everything in a great hurry. Let us remember getting up early is a good habit and try our best to keep it. If we stick to getting up early every day, we will certainly benefit a lot from it.

Make a summary
论题/论点

观点/论据

结论/态度

以约 30 个词概括短文大意
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

2013-2014 高二读写任务专项训练 (III)

议论文概括
班级_______ 姓名_________ 座号________ 分数________
Text 3

When it comes to opportunity, people’s opinions differ. Some people think that there are few opportunities in the world, while others argue that everybody will have some kinds of opportunity along his life route. As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion. For one thing, I firmly believe opportunities are everywhere around us. No person will be unlucky enough to have no opportunities all the time, because “every dog has his day”. For another, since opportunities are transient, we have to make good preparations and improve ourselves. Just think of Newton, who discovered the Law of Gravitation when many people had watched an apple falling ahead of them. From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably draw the conclusion that there are quite a few opportunities around us. only when we get prepared can we seize the opportunities instead of letting them slip by. As an old saying goes, “opportunities are only for the prepared minds”. 以约 30 个词概括短文大意
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

参考答案

Text 1 The passage says getting up early in the morning is a good habit that will benefit us a lot. It enables us to have a better memory, healthier body and better preparation for the day.

Text 2 The passage states that work has a positive effect on people’s health, because it can rid one of loneliness, and make one feel fruitful and proud of himself, which always contributes to a good body.

Text 3 The passage states that different people have different opinions on opportunity. In the writer’s opinion, opportunities are everywhere around us and only those with good preparation can have it.


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