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高考英语议论文写作指导课件


( the argumentative article)

议论文

What is the argumentative article made up of ?

Topics or situation 话题或状况 Opinions and reasons

or conclusion


Example 1:

在最近一次主题为中学生课余时间上网的英语班会上,同学们 对上网的利弊争论不休,不能统一。请你根据下列信息写一篇文章, 并发表自己看法。

大多数同学

少数同学

1.时间是自己,提倡多上网 1.上网可以,但必须限时 2. 网络使我们交流方便, 2.多数人上网是玩游戏而不 获得国内外知识及最新消息 是学习 3.因特网使学生丰富了业余 3.个别同学甚至逃学上网 生活
注意:词120左右

Task:要点(main points)
1.在最近一次主题为中学生课余时间上网的英 1. 在最近一次主题为中学生课余时间上网的 英语班会上,同学们 对上网 的利弊争论 不休, 语班会上,同学们对上网的利弊争论不休,不 不能统一 能统一。 topic
? 2.大多数同学认为时间是自己,提倡多上网 2.大多数同学认为时间是自己 ,提倡多上网 ? 3.网络使我们交流方便,获得国内外知识及最新消息 3. 网络使我们交流方便,获得国内外知识及最新 ? 4.因特网使学生丰富了业余生活 消息. 4.因特网使学生丰富了业余生活. Some people’s opinion and reasons ? 5.少数同学认为上网可以,但必须限时 5.少数同学认为上网可以,但必须限时 6. ? 6.多数人上网是玩游戏而不是学习 多数人上网是玩游戏而不是学习 7.个别同学甚 ? 7.个别同学甚至逃学上网 至逃学上网

Other people’s opinion and reasons the writer’s opinions and reasons

8.自己看法及原因 8.自己看法 及原因

Task: Add transitional words(过渡词)among different main points.

在最近一次主题为中学生课余时间上网的英语班会上,同学们对 上网的利弊争论不休,不能统一。 1 For one thing, 大多数同学认为时间是自己,提倡多上网。_____________ 网络使我们交流方便,获得国内外知识及新消息。____________ 2 For another, 因特网使学生丰富了业余生活. On the3 other hand, _________________ 少数同学认为上网可以,但必须限时. __________________________________________多数人上网 The main reasons 4 as follows. Firstly, are Secondly, 个别同学逃学上网 是玩游戏而不是学习。________________ 5 As far as I am concerned, ________________________ 自己看法及原因 6

正反观点对比类的文章:
Para1: Topic

Para2:
Para3:

some people’s opinion and reasons
other people’s opinion and reasons Personal opinion and reasons

Para4:

开头:提出问题 主体:陈述不同的观点及其理由 结尾:说明自己观点

模板
开头:Should … ? Opinions are divided on the question. 观点陈述1:Some of us think that …The reason is that…….Besides, …….

观点陈述2:However,others have just the opposite opinion. They think that……What’s more,………
本人观点:In my opinion, …….For one reason,………. For another reason……… In a word,…….

How to organize ideas

1. How to put forward opinions? ?Question Should …? Different people hold different opinions. ?Description of the discussion In our classroom, we held a heated discussion about … Opinions are divided. Nowadays, a topic about … is being heatedly discussed in … People have different opinions on this problem.

step I topic and opinion

step2

give reasons

观点陈述1:

Some of us think that …The reason is that…….Besides, ……. ?…of them hold the opinion that …. ?Some people believe that….

step2

give reasons

观点陈述2:

However, others have just the opposite opinion.

?However, …of them hold a different view. ?On the other hand, … people think that …. ?Others, by contrast, hold that the opposite is true

?The main reasons are as follows. ?There are four reasons for it.

?Firstly, / Secondly, / …….. / Lastly,
?First, / Second , /Third, /Fourth ,…etc ?For one thing,…For another, …Besides, … What’s more, … In addition, …

step3 conclude the writing
As far as I am concerned, …….First,…Second…
?Personally speaking, ?In my opinion, ?Personally, ?To my mind,

表转折:On the other hand / however /but / on the contrary / otherwise / instead 并列关系:and, as well as, also… 递进关系:besides, in addition, moreover, what’s more…

人们对于网上交友持不同意见。请你用英文写一篇 关于学生网上交友的短文,介绍人们不同的观点, 并且表达自己的看法。

赞成的理由

反对的理由

你的 看法

广交朋友 浪费时间 可自由表达思想 影响学习 利于外语学习 有可能上当受骗

Para1
Should students make friends on

Some people say yes line? __________________.The
Internet helps make friends. Chatting

on line, students express feelings and
opinions more freely and even get help with foreign language studies.

Para2
Others, by contrast, hold that _____________________________ the opposite is true __________________.Making friends through the Internet is a waste of time, which has a negative Besides effect on study.______, students may get cheated on line.

Para3
It is my opinion that ______________________students

should pay increasingly more
attention to their study, health and

safety. As for friendship, we can
readily find it in our classmates and other people around us.

你班同学参加了“21世纪中学生” 组织的一场讨论。 主题是:城市是否可以养宠物(猫和狗)。请你根据下 表所提供的信息,写一篇100字左右的文章,简要介绍 讨论的情况,并说明自己的看法。

支持伺养宠物的同学认为 反对伺养宠物的同学认为

造成环境污染 安慰孤寡老人 人和动物和谐相处,增添 吵闹声,甚至伤人 生活情趣

Para1

Recently we have a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities. Para2 Some students think it is a good idea _____________________________________ to keep pets ___________because many old people who live alone at home can get some comfort from pets . Besides ______, getting along well with animals will make our life interesting .

Para3 On the contrary _____________, the other students are against the idea. In their opinions , if too many people keep pets at home , it is bad for the environment .____________, pets may What is worse make too much noise , which sometimes seem In addition unbearable .___________, sometimes the pets can even attack people. Para4 I like animals . I don’t think it’s bad to keep pets at home . But we must take some steps to prevent them from polluting the environment .

当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影, 有人则喜欢读原著。请你以“Film or book, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写 一篇英语短文: 看电影:省时、有趣、易懂 读原著:细节更多、语言优美 我的看法及理由 注意:1、词数:100-120 文章题目和开头已给出 (不计入词数)。 2、参考词汇: original work 或 book in the original (原著)

Film or book, which do you prefer?
Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original._________ ______________

?

_____________

?

Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow.
Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful.

?

?

Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it.


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