铜仁市 2014 年 1 月高一年级质量检测试卷 英 语（A 卷） 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分。第 I 卷第 1 至第 页；答题卡和第二 卷计 3 页，共计 页。考试结束，将答题卡和第 II 卷上交。 第 I 卷 注意事项： 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、科目写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答
案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦 干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。不能答在试卷上。 第一部分：英语知识运用（共二节，满分 35 分） 第一节：语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分；满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. –Is the post office _______ our school? --No, it’s only about 2 kilometers .You can walk there. A. far away B. long from C. far from D. long away 2. — Don’t you know our school well? — No, this is the first time I _________ here. A. have been B. am coming C. come D. was 3. In Germany, respecting teachers is considered very important and the same is _______ Spain and Russia. A. real of B. true of C. true for D. real for 4. I’d rather _______ at home than _______ out in such bad weather. A. staying; going B. staying; go C. stay; going D. stay; go 5. — Shall we begin our club activity tonight or tomorrow afternoon? — ________. A. It’s up to you B. No problem C. Nobody can help you D. Take your time first6. The number of people present at the concert ________ than expected. There were many tickets left. A. were much smaller B. was much smaller C. were more D. was more 7. Our English teacher is really _____ and tells jokes when she thinks we’re getting ___. A. amusing; boring B. amused; bored C. amusing; bored D. amused; boring 8. It’s ten years _________ the scientist set out to discover the valuable chemical. A. when B. that C. before D. since 9. You can’t imagine how happy we were! The exciting moment we had been looking forward to _______ at last. A. come B. having come C. came D. coming 10. Look at the clouds. It _____ soon. A. is raining B. is to rain C. will rain D. is going to rain 11. — Did he have a fever? — Yes. When I took his temperature, it was two degrees above _____. A. normal B. ordinary C. regular D. average 12. We don’t allow ________ in the office. But you are allowed ________ in the rest room. A. smoking; smoking B. to smoke; to smoke
C. smoking; to smoke D. smoke; smoking 13. A house was ________ between midnight and 5 am. A lot of valuable things were stolen. A. broken out B. broken into C. broken off D. broken in 14. Tom kept quiet about the accident ________ lose his job. A. so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to 15. It was on my way home __ I met a friend of mine. A. which B. where C. when D. that 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分；满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Even though we have more choices of what to eat than forty years ago, the average diet of the average British is 16 . In fact, 17 a recent research, British pets, eating 18 tinned food, have a healthier diet than most of 19 owners. Health ministers were shocked at recent figures which 20 that Britain has the third worst 21 in Europe for heart disease. Cancer is also a 22 cause of illness and death. This has 23 the government a movement to encourage healthier eating 24 . Health ministers believe we should 25 a lesson from America, 26 death rates from heart disease have 27 . The American public is now 28 the link between diet 29 good health. The movement will encourage the 30 of less animals fat, salt and sugar that are eaten 31 . It will show the 32 of eating more fresh fruit and vegetables. The Health Department is going to publish a book which will give help on what food to eat and what not to. Discussions are being 33 between the government and food makers. Following these talks, food will be labeled(贴标签) 34 users can 35 see how much fat, sugar there is in the food products they buy. 16．A. healthier B. more healthier C. less healthy D. less healthier 17．A. according to B. thanks to C. because of D. though 18．A. prepared specially B. specially prepared C. preparing specially D. specially preparing 19．A. their B. theirs C. it D. its 20．A. write B. present C. show D. believe 21．A. signal B. show C. record D. sign 22．A. raised B. raising C. grown D. growing 23．A. expected B. made C. helped D. led 24．A. hobbies B. habits C. custom D. practice 25．A. take B. get C. hold D. make 26．A. on which B. at which C. where D. when 27．A. raised B. included C. increased D. fallen 28．A. knowing B. recognizing C. understanding D. realizing 29．A. and B. for C. to D. or 30．A. ate B. eating C. eat D. eaten 31．A. on purpose B. on situation C. at present D. at best 32．A. dislikes B. goodness C. habits D. usefulness 33．A. held B. considered C. taken D. made 34．A. even if B. so that C. if D. whether 35．A. preciously B. quickly C. finally D. clearly 第二部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分；满分 30 分)
第一节:阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A，B，C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Is there someone you hate? Well, maybe you don’t really hate them. But you get really angry every time you think of them. If you don’t let this anger go, it can turn into bitterness (痛苦). Bitterness appears when we can’t forgive (原谅) someone who has hurt us or made us angry. Someone might say or do something that hurts us. But instead of controlling the anger, we keep it deep inside. Before long, a bitter feeling begins to grow. We may think we’re hurting that person by criticizing (指责) him or her often, but we’re really only hurting ourselves. Bitterness can not only lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, but also hurt our relationships with friends and family members. No one enjoys being around an angry person for very long. If you see bitterness in your life, here are some ways to deal with it. Accept it Instead of trying to deny your anger, make it clear to yourself and accept it. See your anger for what it is and quickly deal with it. Stop making excuses for it You may feel you have a right to be angry. You may think you’re right and the other person is wrong. You may even secretly enjoy making the other person look bad. But in the end, bitterness hurts you much more than the other person. The bitterness will hold you back, and the other person will go on with his or her life. Forgive and forget it You probably can’t completely put the anger out of your mind. But you can decide to forgive the other person. Forget it and move on. You’ll enjoy better health and peace of mind. 36. According to the passage, we might get angry when someone __________. A. holds us back B. forgets us C. doesn’t like us D. does hurt us 37. Bitterness comes from __________. A. our health problems like heart disease B. the anger that lives deep inside our mind C. the person who says something that hurts us D. our relationships with friends and family members 38. The underlined word ―deny‖ in the passage means ―__________‖. A. 误解 B. 否认 C. 疏远 D. 减轻 39. The best way to deal with the bitterness is to __________. A. make the person who hurts us look bad B. hate the person who hurts us very often C. accept that you are hurting the other person D. forgive the person who hurts us and forget it B This August, we'll welcome guests from all over the world. Some of them follow their own cultural traditions. It’s important for us to know about them. ●In many countries, such as Thailand, India and Malaysia, people believe that the left hand is unclean. So, it's not proper to use one's left hand to hold food, touch others or pass objects. Doing so may offend certain guests.
●Some Westerners may be offended if you try to help them without their agreement. ●People think numbers can be lucky or unlucky. Some Westerners avoid the number 13 because they believe it is unlucky. ●People from Brazil, Italy and Pakistan do not give handkerchiefs(手帕)as gifts. They believe a handkerchief is closely connected with unhappy feelings. 40．Indians don't hold food with the left hand because they consider it ______. A．unclean B．useless C．valueless D．unimportant 41．Muslims do not ―______‖． A．send gifts B．eat pork C．drink milk D．use handkerchiefs 42．Which of the following is true according to the passage? A．People from Pakistan like to send handkerchiefs as gifts. B．All the elderly people in the west like being helped by others. C．The number 13 is thought to be unlucky by some Westerners. D．Westerners do not mind their personal things being touched. 43．What does the passage mainly talk about? A．Lucky numbers. B．Traditional food. C．Cultural differences. D．Hands and handkerchiefs. C A month after Hurricane Katrina, I returned home in New Orleans. There lay my house, reduced to waist-high rains, smelly and dirty. Before the trip, I’d had my car fixed. When the office employee of the garage was writing up the bill, she noticed my Louisiana license plate. ―You from New Orleans?‖ she asked. I said I was, ―No charge.‖ She said, and firmly shook her head when I reached for my wallet. The next day I went for a haircut, and the same thing happened. As my wife was studying in Florida, we decided to move there and tried to find a rental house that we could afford while also paying off a mortgage(抵押贷款) on our ruined house. We looked at many places, but none was satisfactory. We’d began to accept that we’d have to live in extremely reduced circumstances for a while, when I got a very curious e-mail from a James Kennedy in California. He’d read some pieces I’d written about our sufferings for state, the online magazine and wanted to give us (―no conditions attached‖) a new house across the lake from New Orleans. It sounded a good to her return, but I replied, thinking him for his exceptional generosity, then we to go back. Then the University of Florida offered to let him house to me. While he want to England on his one year, paid leave. The rent was rather reasonable. I mentioned the poet’s offer to James Kennedy, and the next day he sent a check covering our entire rent for eight months. Throughout this painful experience, the kindness of strangers has done much to bring back my faith in humanity. It’s almost worth losing you wordy possessions to be reminded that people really when given had a channel. 44. The garage employee’s attitude toward the author was that of . A. unconcern B. sympathy C. doubt D. tolerance 45. What do we know about James Kennedy? A. He was a written of an online magazine B. He was a poet at the University of Florida C. He offered the author a new house free of charge.
D. He learned about the author’s sufferings. 46. It can be inferred from the text that . A. the author’s family was in financial difficulty B. rents were comparatively reasonable despite the disaster C. houses were difficult to find in the hurricane stricken area D. the mortgage on the ruined house was paid off by the bank 47. The author learned from his experience that . A. worldly possessions can be given up when necessary B. generosity should be encouraged in some cases C. people benefit from their sad stories D. human beings are kind after all. D A reader wrote in to say that she was feeling lonely at break because her best friend wasn't around．Here's our advice to her—and to all kids who feel lonely sometimes． It's hard when a best friend isn't around—maybe because she moved to a different school or a different class． You may feel lonely at break or lunchtime． You want to have new friends． but how do you make them? Maybe it seems like everybody else already has their friends．But remember, there's always room for more friends． Start by looking around your classroom—think about which kids you'd like to play with at break．Look for chances to say hi to them, smile，and be friendly．Offer to share something or express your appreciation(欣赏)to them．Invite someone to play with you or say "Do you want to sit here?" in the lunchroom． When you're at break, walk over to kids you want to play with． act friendly，and say "Hi, can l play, too?" or just join in． If you have trouble doing this or if you're feeling shy, ask your teacher to help you make new friends．Teachers are usually pretty good at matching up friends．The best way to make friends is to be a friend． Be kind, be friendly, share, say nice things, offer to help—and pretty soon, you’ll have one，or two, or even more new friends. You might still miss that special best friend．But when you see each other, you can share something you didn't have before she left: You can introduce her to your new friends! 48．This text is written for ． A．teachers B．parents C．students D．visitors 49．The underlined word this in Paragraph 4 refers to ． A．sharing your ideas B．talking before many people C．studying better at school D．developing new friendship 50．Some kids need help from teachers to make friends because · A．they miss their old friends a lot B．they have no time to stay with others C．teachers know who wants a new friend D．they are shy or not good at making friends 第二节: 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项. 选项中有两项为 多余选项. ―No man is an island‖ is a well-known line from John Donne’s Devotion. It was written more than three hundred years ago.______51________. No one can live a completely lonely life. Without
other people, life will become empty and sad. We all need to have friends. For some of us, although making friends is not difficult, feeling shy, we may not want to make the first move. It is also difficult at times to keep the friends we already have. There are many books about friendship, but Dale Carnegie’s How to Win Friends and Influence People, written in 1936, is the most famous. This ―how to‖ book about getting along with other people became a best seller._______52__________. Dale Carnegie’s advice seems to be simple, but can his advice help you? Do you need to change the way you act? Here is the list of advice from his book: Be friendly and polite. _______53______. Begin with ―Excuse me‖ or ―Would you please‖ when you want to ask somebody. Remember to say ―Thank you‖ and try to be as helpful as you can. Go out of your way to be nice. ________54__________. Making some soup for a sick neighbour may seem like a little thing to you, but it will make your neighbor feel a lot better. Remember names. They say that the sweetest music to a person’s ears is the sound of his or her own name. Be open-minded. ____________________55____________________________. Listen patiently. When someone is talking to you, look at him or her, listen carefully and say something when necessary. A. Always greet with a smile B. When you are wrong, make an apology first C. Even now people still agree with him D. Most people will agree with your friends E. It was later put into 28 languages F. Find some time to do special things for other people G. Try to understand other people’s ways and ideas and learn something from them 根据下列句子及空缺处所给单词的汉语注释, 在句子横线上写出各单词 的正―确形式。使句子结构完整,意思明确。(每空只写一词，单词写在题后 对应的横线上。) 55. He spends much of his time _______ (户外)since he has to work in the open air. 56. we have _______（能力）to change the environment, but we can’t go against natural rules. 57. all men are created ___________ (平等的) 58. I become more ___________（有希望的） about my future. 59.after earthquake, the railway tracks were now ______ （有用的）pieces of steel. 60. please________ （移开）your desk, I can’t sit down. 57. china is my _______________.（祖国） 58.since I were better _______（受教育） , I got a job working in an office. 59. please remember to turn off the _______ （灯）when you leave the room. 60. ________(幸运地), he was admitted to a key university. 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 得分 评卷人
第三节 书面表达（满分 15 分） 书面表达（满分 25 分） 得分 评卷人 第一节 书面表达（满分 15 分） 以 ―My favourite teacher‖, 写一篇 100 字左右的短文，可以适当发挥。 （enthusiastic, patient, encourage）
2014 年 1 月铜仁地区高一必修二模块考试 英语（A）参考答案 语法和词汇（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分；满分 15 分） 单选：1-5 CABDA 6-10 BCDCD 11-15 ACDBD 完形填空 （共 20 小题，每小题 1 分；满分 20 分） 16—20 CABAC 21-25 CDDBA 26-30 CDDAB 31-35 CBABD 16．C。根据前半句内容，此处应填 less healthy。 17．A。according to 的意思是―根据‖。 18．B。prepared 为过去分词，在句中作定语。 19．A。本句主语 pets 为复数形式，因此填 their。 20．C。show 此处为动词，意思是―明白指出，表明‖。 21．C。record 本句中意思是―记录‖。 22．D。此处指―正在增长‖应用现在分词，还可用 rising。 23．D。lead sb. to do sth.使某人想起做某事的念头。 24．B。此处指饮食习惯。 25．A。take a lesson from...从……吸取教训。 26．C。where 引导一个非限制性定语从句。 27．D 28．D。realize 意识到。 29．A。此处表示并列关系。 30．B。eating n．(集合用法)食物，吃。 31．C。at present 目前，现在。 32．B。goodness n．好处，(食品等的)养分。 33．A。hold discussions 讨论。 34．B。so that 引导一个状语从句，意思是―以便于……‖。 35．D。使用标签以便让使用者清楚地看到……。 阅读理解(共 15 小题，每小题 2 分；满分 40 分) 36—40 DBBDA 41—45 BCCBC 46—50 ADCDD 51—55 CEAFG 本文主要讲述作者在遭遇飓风袭击毁坏房屋之后受到很多陌生人仁慈的帮助， 之后作者感悟 到虽然遭遇了痛苦的经历，但是他们的爱心使他坚定了对人性的坚信。 44 推理判断题。不收费说明了车库员工对作者的同情之心。
45 细节理解题。从文章第三段最后一句话可判断 C 正确。 46 推理判断题。从文章第三段第一句话可判断 A 正确。 47 推理判断题。从文章最后一段作者的感悟中可看到 D 项正确。 48. C 推理判断题。从文章第一句中 at break 及第二段第一句中 a different school or a different class 可知，文章是写给学生们。 49. D 推理判断题。从文章第三段描述的可知是用不同的方法结交新的朋友，即发展新的 友谊。 50. D 细节理解题。从文章第四段第一句可知，当你害羞或不擅长交朋友的时候，可以让 老师帮你交新朋友。 单词拼写(共 10 小题，每题 1 分；满分 10 分) 56. outdoors 57. power/ability 58.equal 59. hopeful 60.useless 61. remove 62. homeland 63. educated 64. light. 65. Fortunately 七、书面表达（满分 15 分） 第五档 13-15 分 第四档 10-12 分 第三档 7-9 分 第二档 4-6 分 第一档 1-3 分