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2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom 新人教版


2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom
Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.consist of 由??组成→be made_up_of 由??组成 2.divide...into 把??分成→separate...from...把??与??分开 3.credit n.信任;

赞扬→to_one’s_credit 值得赞扬 4.countryside n.乡下;农村 5.leave out 省去;遗漏;不考虑→cross out 划掉 6.take_the_place_of_代替→take place 发生→replace vt.替代 7.arrange v.安排→arrange_for sb.to_do sth.安排某人做某事 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.unwilling adj.不乐意(的)→willing adj.乐意的→willingness n.乐意 2.collection n.收藏品→collect vt.收藏 3.description n.描写→describe vt.描写;描述→descriptive adj.描述性的 4.arrange v.安排→arrangement n.安排 5.fold vt.折叠→unfold vt.打开 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.I divide the whole class into(把??分成) 6 groups, each consisting_of(由?? 组成) 7 members.I hope the members of each group will unite(团结) to accomplish(完 成) tasks. 2 . After many conflicts( 冲 突 ), he broke_away_from( 脱 离 ) his family in the countryside(农村) and went out for a living. 3.I arranged_for(安排) a car to pick you up but it broke_down(出故障) halfway and I had to find another to take_its_place(代替). 4 . City life attracts( 吸 引 ) many people for its convenience( 便 利 ) and high possibility(可能性) of job opportunities(机会). 5 . To_his_credit( 值 得 赞 扬 的 是 ), he clarified( 澄 清 ) the truth by saying he left_out(遗漏) a letter in the word and then caused trouble. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The sightseeing is delightful,enjoyable,and even thrilling.The attraction of the splendid statues there is beyond description. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.Now when people refer to England you find_Wales_included as well.

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现在,当人们提到英格兰,你会发现他们也把威尔士包括了进去。 2.Worried_about_the_time_available,_Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. 因担心时间不够用,张萍玉早就列出了自己想在伦敦看的地方。 3.What_interested_her_most was the longitude line. 她最感兴趣的是那条(通过天文台的)经线。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1 . Before driving into the city , you are required to get your car ________. (2012·四川,12) A.washed C.washing 答案 A 解析 考查过去分词作宾语补足语。 此题中使役动词 get 后接的宾语 car 与作宾语补足语 的动词 wash 之间为被动关系,构成短语:get sth. done。故选 A。句意为:在驱车进城 之前,你必须将你的车洗了。 (考查单元语法) 2.The secretary arranged a(n)________time and space for the applicants to have an interview. (2012·天津, 10) A.important C.public 答案 D 解析 important 重要的;spare 闲暇的;public 公众的;convenient 方便的。根据句意 “这位秘书为参加面试的所有应聘者安排好了方便的时间和地点”, 同时联系生活实际可 推知,秘书的工作职责之一应该是做一些能够提供便利的事情,故答案为 D 项。 (教材原句:England is the largest of the four countries,and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.) 3 . Even the best writers sometimes find themselves ________ for words. (2011·浙江,14) B.spare D.convenient B.wash D.to wash

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A.lose C.to lose 答案 B 解析

B.lost D.having lost

句意为:即使是最好的作家有时候也会发现自己找不到合适的话表达自己。find

是表示心理变化的动词,其后的 themselves 是宾语,空格处应作为宾语补足语使用,所 以要使用 lost,表示“迷惘的,不知所措的”,lost 是形容词。 (考查单元语法) 4.Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself ________ of his (2011·重庆,33) A.reminding C.reminded 答案 C 解析 句意为:迈克尔在床边挂了姚明的一张照片来提醒他自己他的梦想。本题考查 B.to remind D.remind own dreams.

“keep+宾语+v.?ing”和“keep+宾语+v.?ed”用法辨析, 选择用 v.?ing 还是 v.?ed, 要根据“宾语”与动词之间的关系而定,如果它们之间为主动关系,则用 v.?ing,如果 为被动关系,则用 v.?ed。himself 与 remind 之间存在被动关系,故选 C。 (考查单元语法) 5 . He telephoned the travel agency to________three air tickets to London. (2010·天津,1) A.order 答案 D 解析 句意为:他给旅行社打电话预订三张去伦敦的机票。order 订购,命令;arrange B.arrange C.take D.book

安排,整理;take 买,选择,从事;book 预订。因为是打电话,所以只能是“预订”, 而非“订购”。 (教材原句:They had no time to arrange their own wedding...) Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1.Dinners usually consist of meat or fish with vegetables followed by dessert, fruit and coffee.

(2011·天津·阅 读 A) 正餐一般包括肉和蔬菜或鱼和蔬菜,然后是甜点、水果和咖啡。 2.A recent study of ancient and modern elephants has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct(不同的) species.

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(2011·湖南·阅读 C) 最近对古代和现代大象的研究得出一个意想不到的结论,非洲象被分为两个不同的物种。 3.I got a taste of that dream in 2001, when my husband arranged for me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday.

(2011·北京·阅读 A) 2001 年我亲自体验了一下这个梦。我丈夫为给我庆祝生日安排我坐了一次热气球。 Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1. 车辆已经成为很受欢迎的交通方式,给我们的生活带来很大的便利。(convenience) (2011·江西·写作) Cars have become a popular means of transport, bringing great convenience to our life. 2. 让粉丝们高兴的是这个年轻的选手在乒乓球锦标赛中表现得非常好。(delighted) (2011·湖北·完成句子) What delighted the fans was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament. 历年高考热点:convenient,arrange, consist of,divide into,delight 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:consist,attract,delight,arrange, divide...into,break down,leave out,take the place of 等的用法。

1 consist 双语释义 vi.组成(form);在于(lie);一致 学情诊断 (1)同义词语替换 The medical team consists_of five doctors and ten nurses.is_made_up_of (2)用适当的介、副词填空 ①The beauty of Venice consists largely in the style of its ancient buildings. ②This kind of sauce consists of beef,onion,tomatoes,garlic and seasonings. ③What has happened does not consist with the explanation they have given. (3)The world________ seven continents and four oceans. A.makes up of C.is consisted of 答案 D
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B.makes out of D.consists of

解析

句意为:世界由七大洲和四大洋组成。consist of 由??组成,不能用于被动

语态;A 项应为 be made up of 结构;B 项不对。故选 D 项。 归纳拓展 consist of=be made up of=be composed of 由??组成 consist in...存在于??;在于?? consist with...与??一致;与??相符 易错提示 consist of 通常不用于进行时态和被动语态。 2 attract 双语释义 vt.吸引;使喜爱(absorb);引起注意(draw sb.’s attention);招引;引 起(反应)(react) 学情诊断 (1)用 attract 的适当形式填空 ①What attracted me most to the job was the chance to travel. ②The television has little attraction for me. ③This is one of the most attractive places I’ve been to. (2)Thousands of foreigners were________to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened. A.attended C.attracted 答案 C 解析 句意为:上海世博会开幕当天就吸引了成千上万的外国游客。attend 参加,出 B.attained D.attached

席,不用被动语态,故可排除;attain 达到,获得;attract 吸引;attach 系上,附 加,附属于。根据句意可知答案为 C 项。 归纳拓展 attract one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 attract sb. to...把某人吸引到?? attraction n.[U]吸引,吸引力,诱惑力;[C]有吸引力的地方;有吸引力的事物 have an/no/a little/much attraction for sb.对某人具有/没有/有一点/很有吸引力 attractive adj.有吸引力的;引起注意的;引起兴趣的 思考 你知道表示“引起某人注意”的其他短语吗? absorb_one’s_attention,draw_one’s_attention,catch_one’s_attention 等。 3 delight 双语释义 n.高兴;愉快;快乐;令人高兴的事,乐事;乐趣(joy);v.使高兴;使欣喜

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(please) 学情诊断 (1)用 delight 的适当形式填空 ①The teacher seemed to be very delighted with the results. ②To our great delight,the day turned out fine. ③The musician delighted the audience with his performance. ④I think this is a delightful book to children. (2)________of his parents,he made great progress. A.To their much delight B.To the much delight C.To much their delight D.Much to the delight 答案 D 解析 句意为:令他父母非常高兴的是,他取得了很大进步。much to the delight of his parents 令他父母非常高兴的是。注意 much 的位置,much 在此处表示程度。 归纳拓展 with/in delight 高兴地 to one’s delight=to the delight of sb.令某人高兴的是, ake/feel delight in 以??为乐,delighted adj.高兴的;欣喜的 be delighted to do sth.高兴做某事 be delighted at/with/by...对??感到高兴/满意 delightful adj.令人愉快的;宜人的 4 arrange 双语释义 v.安排;筹备(plan or organize);整理;排列;布置(put...in order) 学情诊断 (1)用所给动词的适当形式填空 ①I’ve arranged with the neighbours about feeding (feed) the cat while we are away. ②I will make arrangements(arrange) for you to be met at the airport. ③Have you arranged to_meet (meet) him this weekend? ④The manager arranged for someone to_drive(drive) him home. (2)—I hear that you will be on business again. —Yeah. My boss________for me to discuss business details with someone from another company.

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A.asked C.held 答案 B

B.arranged D.called

解析 句意为:——我听说你又要出差了。——是的。我的老板安排我和另一家公司的 人商谈生意的细节。arrange for sb. to do sth.安排某人做某事。

归纳拓展 arrange sth.for sb.为某人安排好某事 arrange ? for sb.? arrange ? for? to do sth.安排? 某人? 做某事

sth.安排某事

arrangement n.安排;布置;筹备 make arrangements for 为??做好准备 易错提示 arrange 不能用于 arrange sb. to do sth.结构,应该用 arrange for sb. to do sth. 结构。 5 divide...into把??分成? 学情诊断 用适当的介、副词填空 (1)Take the orange and divide it into quarters. (2)He divides his time between his house in Ohio and New York. (3)The money is to be divided up equally among the six grandchildren. (4)If you divide 21 by 3,you’ll get 7. (5)A high wall separates our backyard from the playing field. 归纳拓展 separate (...) from(把??)和??隔开/分开/分离 divide...(up/out) between/among...在??之间分配/分享 divide...by...用??除?? 易混辨析 divide,separate 几个部分?

divide 和 separate 这两个词都有“分开”的意思,但含义和用法不太相同。 divide 指的是把人或物分成若干等份,常与介词 into 连用。

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separate 指的是将一个整体的物品分开或将两个靠近的物品分开,使其不在一起,常与 介词 from 连用。 一言辨异 用 divide,separate 的适当形式填空 The old man (1)separated the bad apples from the good ones which (2)were_divided into four parts. 6 break down 双语释义 (机器)出故障(stop working);(谈判等)失败(fail);分解;(身体等)垮掉 (become bad);情不自禁地哭起来(to be unable to stop yourself crying) 学情诊断 写出下列句子中 break down 的汉语意思 (1)The elevator in this building is always breaking down.出故障 (2)Neither side wanted to give in,so the peace talk broke down.失败 (3)If you go on working like this,you will break down sooner or later.(身体) 垮掉 (4)Some chemicals are hard to break down.分解 归纳拓展 break away ? from? 脱离;挣脱? 束缚?

break up 打碎;解散;结束;开始放假;制止 break out? 战争等? 爆发,break through 突破,取得突破

break in 打断;闯入 break into 闯入;突然开始? 图解助记 大笑等?

7 leave out 双语释义 省去(omit);遗漏;不考虑;不包括(not include or mention) 学情诊断 (1)用适当的介、副词填空 ①Leaving the expense aside,do you actually need a second car? ②Let’s start again from where we left off. ③I think I left my credit card behind at the restaurant. ④He hadn’t been asked to the party and was feeling very left out.
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(2)The teacher stressed again that students should not________any important details while retelling the story. A.bring out C.leave out 答案 C 解析 句意为: 老师进一步强调让学生们在复述故事时不要漏掉任何重要的细节。 bring out 阐述,使明白;let out 发出,泄露(秘密等);leave out 遗漏;make out 理解, 辨认出。 B.let out D.make out

归纳拓展 leave aside 不予考虑;搁置一边 leave behind 遗忘;将??抛在后面 leave off 停止;中断 be/feel left out 被冷落;觉得被忽视? 冷落? be left over 剩下;残留 8 take the place of代替 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Computers have taken_the_place_of typewriters in most offices. 在大多数办公室,电脑已经取代了打字机。 ②Take_your_places for dinner.请各位入席。 ③Mr.Gao is ill,so I’ll give you the lesson in_place_of him.高老师病了,因 此我替他给你们上课。 ④It was out_of_place for you to laugh at that time. 你在那个时候笑出声来是不应该的。 (2)The chairman is ill in hospital now,so we have no idea who will ________ in the coming conference. A.take his place C.take place of him 答案 A 解析 take sb.’s place 和 take the place of sb.都意为“代替某人”;take place B.take place D.take the place of

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发生。由句意可知此处意为“代替他”,故选 A。 归纳拓展 take the place of sb./sth.=take sb.’s/sth.’s place 代替某人/物 take one’s place? s? 就位

take place 发生;举行 in place of sb./sth.=in sb.’s/sth.’s place 代替 in place 在适当的位置;准备妥当 out of place 不合适

1 错误! 这些在十九世纪建立的工业城市并不吸引游客,这是一个遗憾。 句型公式:it作形式主语 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 It’ s no good arguing_with_him. 和他争辩没有好处。 (2)单项填空 ①It’s not easy________us________a foreign language. A.for;learning C.of;to learn 答案 D 解析 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的不定式。不定式的逻辑主语用 for 引出。 ②Children find________interesting to play computer games. A.that C.it 答案 C 解析 it 是形式宾语,后面的不定式是真正的宾语。 归纳拓展 ? ? ? 1? 2? it 可以作形式主语,真正的主语是后边的不定式、动名词或句子。 it 也可以作形式宾语,真正的宾语是后边的不定式、动名词或句子。 B.which D.this B.of;learning D.for;to learn

3? 在 It’ s no good/no use/a waste of time/a waste of money doing sth.结 构中,真正的主语是后边的动名词。
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2 错误! 接着(参观的)是圣保罗大教堂,它是公元 1666 年伦敦大火之后修建的。 句型公式:there位于句首的完全倒装 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①Here comes_a_bus. 一辆公共汽车来了。 ②There stands_a_tall_tree on the top of the hill. 在山顶上有一棵大树。 (2)________with whom we are familiar. A.Here comes the professor B.Here the professor comes C.The professor comes here D.Comes here the professor 答案 A 归纳拓展 当 there,here,out,in,up,down,away,now,then 等表示地点、时间或方 向性的副词位于句首,谓语动词是 follow,come,stand,live 等,且主语是名 词时,用完全倒装。若主语是代词,则不用倒装句式。 3 单元语法:过去分词作宾语补足语 学情诊断 用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)What he had said made me surprised (surprise). (2)My glasses are broken.I’ll have to get them repaired (repair). (3)They kept the door locked (lock) for a long time. (4)We can hear the windows beaten (beat) by the heavy rain drops. (5)I want the suit made (make) to my own measure.

Ⅰ.语境填词 错误!1.The city’s bright lights,theatres and films are attractions that are hard to avoid. 2.If it is convenient to you,I will visit you next weekend.
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3.One plus two is three. 4.They quarreled with each other but soon made up. 5.The descriptions in this book are beautiful. 6.The factory is well furnished with modern equipment. 7.The company will arrange for a taxi to meet you at the airport. 8.To the delight of the children,they found many toys at the party. 9.The two sisters are very much alike. 10.I hope (that) this can clarify my position. Ⅱ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1.The task was finished without causing any loss.accomplished 2.You’ll fall_ill if you go on working like this.break_down 3.The country is_made_up_of 3 parts.consists_of 4.The boy tried to escape from his father.break_away 5.I didn’t do it myself.I asked_others_to_do_it.had_it_done Ⅲ.微写作(22) 写作素材 1.我们很幸运能有机会参观博物馆。 2.博物馆共分为三部分,分别为建筑艺术、收藏画和雕塑。 3.所有的三部分都会给大家带来无限乐趣。 4.我们将分为三组去参观。 5.希望大家玩的好。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) We are so lucky to have the opportunity to visit the museum.The museum consists of three parts, one for architecture, one for painting collections and the other for statues, all of which will bring you much delight.Now all of us will be divided into 3 groups to see them and I wish all of you an enjoyable time. Ⅳ.微语法(22)——一般过去时 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1.—Have you heard about that fire in the market? —Yes,fortunately no one ________. 京,29) A.hurt C.has hurt B.was hurt D.had been hurt (2012·北

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答案 B 解析 句意为:——你听说过市场上的那场大火了吗?——是的,幸运的是没有人受伤。 由“Have you heard...”可知火灾已经发生,是过去的事情,所以没人受伤也是发生在 过去的事情,故用一般过去时;句子的主语是人,所以应用被动语态。 2.Our friendship ________ quickly over the weeks that followed.(2012·北京,30) A.had developed C.would develop 答案 D 解析 句意为:在接下来的几周里我们的友谊发展得很快。由定语从句中的 followed 可 知,主句应用一般过去时,所以排除 A、B、C 三项。 3.The president hopes that the people will be better off when he quits than when he________. (2012·江苏, 34) A.has started C.started 答案 C 解析 句意为:这位总统希望他离任时人民的生活比他刚上任时更富裕。根据句意,总统 开始上任是过去发生的动作,所以用一般过去时。故选 C 项。 4.The letters for the boss________on his desk but he didn’t read them until three days later. (2012·天津,2) A.were put C.put 答案 A 解析 句意为:给老板的那些信被放在了桌子上,但直到三天后他才读。根据 but 后的 B.was put D.has put B.starts D.will start B.was developing D.developed

“didn’t read”可知老板读信是发生在过去, 所以信被放到桌子上应该发生在“读信” 之前,也是过去的动作,与现在无关,所以排除 D 项;the letters 与 put 之间为被动关 系,故排除 C 项;而且 the letters 作主语,是复数,可排除 B 项。所以答案为 A 项。 5.Shortly after we________,a waiter came over to our table with a smile. A.seated C.sat ourselves 答案 B 解析 考查时态和语态。因为 sit 为不及物动词,所以排除 C 项;D 项应该是 took our B.were seated D.took place

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places。seat 为及物动词,意为“(使)??就座”,又因主句中的 came 一词暗示从句时 态为一般过去时。结合 seat 的用法可知此处选 B。

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