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非谓语


非谓语
1.动词不定式 1.1 构成 to + 动词原形,其否定形式为:not to + 动词原形

1.2 常跟动词不定式(短语)作宾语的动词有: refuse, want, decide, plan, hope, wish, agree, seem, allow
E.g. I want to go shopping with you.

1.3 常见的接动词不定式(短语)作宾语补足语的动词有 ask, order, wish, tell, invite, allow, teach, get,warn, advise 1.4 动词 help 后的宾语补足语既可以是带 to 的不定式,也可以使省 to 的不定式。
Can you help the girl (to) cross the road? 使役动词(make/let)及 see, hear, watch 后的宾语补足语,在主动语态中常用省略的 to 的不定式(短 语)。These photos make me think of my old days.

练习
1. — Hi, Mr Wang, could you help me____(work) out the problem? — OK, let me try. 2. I don’t think it easy for her ________(finish) the work in two days. 3. The doctor advised me________(not eat) too much candy.

1.5 句型
? It''s + adj. + of/for sb. to do sth. 学好英语对我们来说很重要。 _____________________________________________________________________ ? too ...to... 这房子太贵了,我买不起。 _____________________________________________________________________ ? used to do 汤姆过去经常早上朗读英语。 _____________________________________________________________________ ? It's one's turn to do sth./ It's time to do 轮到你洗地板了。 _____________________________________________________________________ ? I have ......to do 汤姆没啥事可做。 _____________________________________________________________________练习 1. Is it necessary ____________(learn) a foreign language? 2. He is good at _____________(swim). 3. Do you have anything ____________(say) for yourself? 4. It’s spring now. it’s time _____________(plant) trees.

2.不带 to 的不定式(had better do sth. /why (not) do) 征求建议的表达法
①Why don’t you do sth.? ②Why not do sth.? ③How/ What about doing sth.? ④Let’s do sth../ Shall we do sth.? ⑤ Would you like to meet at the school gate? ⑥Why don’t we meet at the school gate? Why not meet at the school gate? How/ What about meeting at the school gate? 回答对方的建议:Good idea. / All right. / Ok. Sorry, I am so busy. I am not sure. /

I am afraid….

练习:选择填空
( ( )1. I have a lot of things _____ this weekend. A. do B. did C. doing D. to do )2. You’d better _____ upstairs and tell the children_____ make so much noise. A. go; not to B. go; don’t C. to go; not to D. to go; don’t ( )3. Lily likes _____ the clothes of light colour. A. to put on B. putting C. to dress D. wearing ( )4. It’s too late. Why _____ now? A. not to go B. not going C. not go D. don’t go ( )5. Please don’t forget _____ to me, will you? A. to write B. writing C. write

3.动词+Ving 3.1 只能用动词的 ing 作宾语。如: enjoy,avoid, mind,regret 等
keep/find 和感官动词(see, hear, watch) Did you hear Jane singing in her room?

3.2 特殊情况
remember forget stop

3.3 句型
be worth/ look forward to/ feel like/ have no difficulty/trouble keep(on)/ can't help/ be busy/ have fun/

练习
(一)请填入正确的形式 1. Don’t keep me _______(wait) for a long time. 2. The doctor was busy ____________(operate) on the boy at that time. 3.I found a man __________(lock) the door when I passed by. 4. Stop ___________(talk) and listen to me carefully. 5. Look! There is a pet dog ________ (lie) on the ground. Let’s go and play with it. 6. If you want to be healthy, you are supposed to give up ________(smoke). (二)翻译 1. 他太害羞,不敢再公共场合做演讲。(too...to, speech)
__________________________________________________________________________________________

2. 我把收音机关小一点,你介意吗?(mind, turn)
__________________________________________________________________________________________

3. 外面正下着大雨,你最好待在家。(rain, stay)
__________________________________________________________________________________________

4. 约翰过去周末常和他的朋友在网上聊天。(use, chat, Internet)
_________________________________________________________________________________________

综合练习
( )1.It's very nice ________pictures for me. A. of you to draw B. for you to draw C. for you drawing D. of you drawing ( )2.一 It's a bit cold. Would you mind my ______all the windows? 一 Do as you like,please. A.close ( ( B will close C.closing A.to play B playing D.to close C.played D.Plays )3.Mary and I enjoy ____________ badminton A.to understand;reading

)4.---Mr. Wang,I have trouble _______the text.

一 Remember ____it three times at least.

B understanding;reading

C understanding;to read D to understand;to read at night. ( )5.--How are you feeling here? --It's quite hot. I don't know to go or stay. A. how B. when C. whether D. where ( )6.Many people think it's very important us learn English well. A. for, to B. to, to C. with, for D.for,for ( )7.The menu has so many good things! I can’t decide__________. A. what to eat B. how to eat C. where to eat D. when to eat ( )8.---My dad bought me a new MP4, but I don’t know ______________. ---Let’s read the instructions. A. what to use B. which one to use C. how to use it D. when to use it ( )9.It took my daughter two weeks ________the novels _______by Yand Hongying A. read; written B. to read; written C. reading; to write D. to read; wrote ( )10.Drivers are warned ________when they are tired. A. to drive B. not drive C. not to drive ( )11.If you want to know _______the mobile phone, you’d better read the instructions first.. A. how to use B. how to make C. where to mend D. where to buy ( )12.China will spend about 52 billion yuan ____new airports and __old ones in the west of China in the 11th Five-Year Plan period(时期). A.repairing; building ( B to build;repair C.building;repairing D.to repair;build D hearing of )13. students should pay attention to ___________the teacher in class.

A.hear B1isten to C listening to ( )14.---How do you feel when you see the national flag of China? ---It makes us ________proud. A. feel B. to feel C. felt ( )15.—Shopping with me? ---Sorry. I have a lot of clothes __________. A.to wash B.washed C.wash

D. feeling

D.to be washed


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