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高中英语选修7


Unit 3 Grammar
The Passive ing-form (V-ing形式的被动式)

V-ing形式的各种时态和语态:
主动语态
doing

时态
一般式 完成式

被动语态
being done

having done

>
having been done

I am thinking of getting a new dictionary.

(以后、将来)
I approved of his taking part in the project.

(现在、将来)
I enjoy listening to classical music.

(一般情况)

V-ing表示的动作与谓语动词的动作同时或在其后 发生, 或表示一般情况. being done表示的被动动作正在进行或与谓语动 词的动作同时(有时之后)发生, 或表示一般情况.

现在修建的发电站将是埃及最大的发电站之一.

The power station being built now will be one of the largest in Egypt.
她坚持被派给最苦的工作.

She insisted on being given the hardest task.

They regret not having been able to inform you of the fact.

Having done表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动 (之前) 作之前. Having been done表示的被动动作发生在谓语动 词表示的动作之前. 被邀请后,李先生去参加了会议.

Having been invited, Mr Li went to attend the meeting.

我很感激两年前被给予了去国外学习的机会。

I appreciate having been given the chance to study abroad two years ago. V-ing的被动式在句中可以作: 1).主语
Being laughed at in public is a terrible experience.
被鲨鱼咬死是一件很普通的事情.
Being killed by sharks was a common thing.

_____ to sunlight for too much time will do harm to ones’s skin. A. Exposed C. Being exposed B. Having exposed D. After being exposed

2).宾语

I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us .

你还记得十岁时被带去北京吗? Do you remember having been taken to Beijing at the

age of ten?
The little girl was eventually aware that her parents abandoned her in the mountainous village. The little girl was eventually aware of being abandoned by her parents in the mountainous village.

若不被邀请,他是不会来的. (without) He wouldn't come without being invited.

下面短语中的to是介词, 后面只能跟名词或Ving:devote … to(投入…), get down to(着手 干…),lead to (通向,导致), object to(反对), pay attention to (注意), look forward to (盼望), be used to (习惯于),stick to (坚持), prefer…to…等。

在want (需要),need, require等动词以 及worth这个形容词之后,要用动词ing的主 动形式表示被动意思。 在want (需要),need, require后用动词 ing的主动形式表示被动意思时,可用不定式 的被动式。

黑板需要擦干净。 The blackboard needs cleaning. = The blackboard needs to be cleaned. 他的想法值得一试。 His idea is worth trying.

No one can prevent the plan _____.

A. from carrying out
C. being carried out A. catching

B. to be carried out
D. to carry out

The bird was lucky that it just missed _____. B. being caught

C. to be caught

D. to catch

admit(承认), appreciate, avoid, can’t help(禁 不住), stand(忍受), consider (考虑,打算), enjoy, escape (躲避), excuse, finish, give up, imagine, insist on, mind, miss(错过), practise, put off, risk, set about, suggest(建议) 等。
He has always insisted on his ______ Dr. Tuner instead of Mr. Turner.

A. been called
C. having called

B. being called
D. called

While shopping, people sometimes can’t help ____ into buying something they don’t really need.

A. to persuade
C. being persuaded

B. persuading
D. be persuaded

3).宾语补足语 I saw James being held up in the water by old Tom.
The well was found ____ when we got there. A. digging C. to dig B. to be dug D. being dug

I noticed that some people were taken to the police station. I noticed some people being taken to the police station.

4).定语

The meeting being held now is very important.
但 having been done 不能作定语
正在被建在公园旁边的宾馆是由一群年轻人建的.
The hotel being built now beside the park was designed by a group of young men.

Most of the artists ____ to the party were from South Africa.
A. invited C. being invited B. to invite D. had been invited

5).状语
Being badly wounded, the whale soon died. Having been told many times, he still made the same mistake.

1. The secretary worked late into the night, B long speech for the president. ___a A. being prepared B. preparing C. having been prepared D. prepared

A 2.____such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A.Having been suffered B. Bing suffered C. To suffer D. Suffered

3.She is shy. She is not used to _____ in front of others. A. praise B. praising C. being praised D. be praised
4._____ in a heavy traffic jam in a taxi while you are hurrying to the airport is quite an unpleasant experience. A. Having caught B. Being caught C. Caught D. Having been caught

5.The storm left, ____ a lot of damage to this area. A. caused B. to have caused C. to cause D. having caused 6.It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when ____ at the meeting by my boss. A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned

7.With the development of science, more new technology _____ to the field of IT. A.has introduced B.is being introduced C.is introduced D.was introduced 8.Tony was very unhappy for _____ to the party. A.having not been invited B.not having invited C.having not invited D.not having been invited


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