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连词与状语从句


连词与状语从句
考点精讲精练 综合测练

中考链接

考点精讲精练

(1) 平行关系:and (和), or (和), both...and...(两者都), as well as (也,而且) either...or...(要么??要么??,或者??或者 ??), neither...nor...(既不?

?也不??), not only...but also... (不但??而且??), not...but...(不是??而是??)。 如: He has a son and a daughter.他有一个儿子和一个女 儿。 I don’t want to go to Guilin or Hainan.我不想去 桂林和海南。 Both he and I are good students.他和我都是好学生
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Bob is a doctor as well as a teacher. 鲍勃是一位 医生,也是一位老师。 Either you or I am going to hold the meeting. 要 么是你要么是我将要主持这个会议。 Neither the students nor the teacher is happy to hear the news.听到这消息,学生们不高兴,老师也不 高兴。 Not only my parents but also my grandmother likes watching TV.不但我父母,而且我奶奶都喜欢看电视。 Not you but I am wrong.不是你错了,而是我错了。 There are two pens and an eraser in my schoolbag. 在我书包里有两支钢笔和一块橡皮。
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(2) 转折关系:though/although (虽然), even if/even though (即使), but (但是), yet (然而 ), while (而), however (然而), or (否则) 。 如: Though/Although he is tired, he goes on with his work. 虽然他累了,但是他继续工作。 Even if (though) I am not willing to work for you, I have no other choices.即使我不愿意为你工作 ,我也没有别的选择。 I am not clever, but I made great progress by working hard.我不聪明,但我通过努力已取得很大进步 。 You promised, yet you have done nothing. 你答应了 ,然而你什么也没做。 首页 末页

My father is an engineer while my mother is a nurse. 我爸爸是工程师,而我妈妈是护士。 Rose studies harder than before. However, she still can’t pass all the exams. Rose 比以前学习更勤奋,然而她还是不能通过所有的考 试。 I must be going now, or I’ll be late. 我现在得走 了,否则我要迟到了。 注意: though/although 不能与but, however连用, 只能用其中的一个,但可以与yet, still 连用。 Though he is young, but he is very experienced. (×)→Though he is young, (yet) he is very experienced. 或者He is young, but he is very experienced. 虽然他很年轻,但是他经验丰富。
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(3) 因果关系:because, for, since, as (因为); so (所以) 。如: He didn’t go to school today because he had a bad cold. 他今天不上学,因为他得了重感冒。 My bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. 我的自行车今早坏了,所以我上学迟到了 。 注意:because, for, since, as和so不能连用,只能 用其中的一个。如: Because my bike was broken this morning, so I was late for school. (×) Because my bike was broken this morning, I was late for school.(√)
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考点1

专练

( C ) 1. He can speak English Chinese. A. but B. also C. and D. or ( B ) 2. The little boy is very young, he knows a lot. A. so B. but C. though D. if ( D ) 3. Be careful, you’ll miss the right answer. A. so B. and C. but D. or
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( A ) 4. it was late, we were still working. A. Though B. As C. Because D. But ( B ) 5. He was ill. , he decided to go there with us. A. But B. However C. So D. Besides ( A ) 6. She is kind beautiful. We all like her very much. A. both; and B. either; or C. neither; nor D. as, so
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( D ) 7. Mary caught a bad cold last night, she had to stay at home. A. because B. but C. or D. so ( C ) 8. Though he is very old, he can still sing and dance. A. but B. and C. / D. or ( B ) 9. He missed the train this morning he got up late. A. so B. because C. if D. but
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( D ) 10. Lily Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home. A. Not only; but also B. Neither; nor C. Both; and D. Either; or ( C ) 11. —May I surf the Internet now? —No, you have finished doing the dishes. A. unless B. if C. because D. when ( C ) 12. you I am a good student. We are good at study and we often help others. A. Both; and B. Either; or C. Neither; nor D. Not only; but also
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( C ) 13. my mother my father is interested in football, so they don’t allow me to play football. A. Both; and B. Either; or C. Neither; nor D. Not only; but also ( D ) 14. it was cold outside, he put on a coat before he went out. A. Because; so B. Because; but C. Though; but D. Because; / ( C ) 15. You will feel hungry you don’t have breakfast. A. when B. though C. if D. until
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(1) when和while:两者都表示“当??时候”。when 后接句子时,动词可以是延续性的,也可以是短暂性的 ,一般其后所接句子的时态为一般时。while后接句子时 ,动词一般是持续性的,一般其后所接句子的时态为进 行时。如: It was snowing when we got to the airport. 当我们 到达机场时,天下着雪。 My father was reading a newspaper while my mother was cooking. 当我爸爸在读报纸时,我妈妈正在做饭。

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(2) so that, so... that, such...that与too...t so that 为了,以便 so...that... 如此??以至于 ?? such...that... 如此??以至于?? too...to...太 ??而不能?? Tom was too tired to do his homework. (划线部分 为短语,用too...to 结构)汤姆太累而不能做作业。 The teacher spoke loudly so that we could hear him clearly. (划线部分为句子,且表示老师说话大声 的目的,故用so that 结构)老师说话大声目的是让我 们能听清他的话。
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He studies so hard that he always does well in his lessons. (划线部分为句子, that前hard为副词 ,故用so...that 结构)他学习如此努力,以至于他各 科都很擅长。 She was such a kind girl that she gave all her money to the poor. (划线部分为句子, that前a kind girl为名词词组,而且没有many, much, little或 few修饰,故用such... that 结构)她是一个如此善良 的女孩,以至于她把所有的钱都给了穷人。 Mary has so much money that she can buy anything she likes. (划线部分为句子, that前money为名词, 但money前有much修饰,故用so...that 结构)。Mary有 如此多的钱,以至于她能买她喜欢的任何东西。
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(3) 所谓“主将从现”的连词 if (如果), as soon as (一??就??), until (直到??才??), when (当??时), before ( 在??之前), after (在??之后), unless (除非 )等词引导时间、条件状语从句时,主句用一般将来时 (有时候是祈使句),从句用一般现在时表将来。如: We won’t go out if it is rainy tomorrow.如果明天 下雨,我们将不会外出。 As soon as I arrive in Beijing, I will give you a call. 我一到北京,就会给你电话。 She won’t go to bed until her mother comes back. 直到她妈妈回来,她才去睡觉。
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When Tom gets to the classroom, please ask him to hand in his homework. 当汤姆到教室时,请叫他上交 作业。 I won’t write to you before you write to me. 在 你写信给我之前,我不会写信给你的。 After he sends me the money, I will send him the book. 在他寄钱给我之后,我将会寄书给他。 I will leave the company unless it offers me more money. 除非公司给我加工资,否则我就离开。

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注意:when和if在宾语从句与条件状语从句时的时态问 题。when和if在引导宾语从句时,其后所接句子该用什 么时态就用什么时态;在引导条件状语从句时,其后所 接句子用一般现在时表将来。如: I don’t know when he will come(宾语从句,他还没 来,用将来时). When he comes (条件状语从句), please ring me up at once.(我不知道他什么时候来。当他来时,请马上 给我电话。) He wonders if he will go with her this afternoon (宾语从句,他还没去,用将来时). If he goes with her(条件状语从句), he will tell her by himself.(他不知道他下午是否和她一起去。如 果他和她一起去,他会亲自告诉她。)
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考点2

专练

( A ) 1. Sam was reading a newspaper his brother fell on the ground. A. when B. while C. after D. before ( C ) 2. —What are the students doing? —Girls are flying kites boys are playing basketball. A. when B. after C. while D. as soon as ( C ) 3. It’s dark in the room we can’t see anything. A. such; that B. too; to C. so; that D. not; until 首页 末页

( A ) 4. Tim asks me when I the meeting. He says when I the meeting, telephone him right now. A. will attend; attend B. will attend; will attend C. attend; will attend D. attend; attend ( B ) 5. He didn’t tell me anything he left. A. while B. before C. if D. since ( B ) 6. He will wait until the rain . A. stop B. stops C.stopped D. will stop 首页 末页

( C ) 7. —Mike wants to know if a picnic tomorrow. —Of course. But if it , we’ll visit the museum instead. A. you have; will rain B. you will have; will rain C. you will have; rains D. will you have; rains ( B ) 8. The Greens will visit Hainan as soon as they to China. A. gets B. get C. got D. will get
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( C ) 9. You won’t pass your exams you work harder. A. when B. if C. unless D. after ( B ) 10. I’ll give the letter to her she comes back. A. until B. as soon as C. before D. since

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综合测练

( B ) 1. it was late, she still turned on the TV and enjoyed the programs. A. Because B. Though C. Since D. When ( A ) 2. We left late, we didn’t catch the train. A. so B. because C. but D. though ( B ) 3. The boy is clever, , he often makes mistakes because he’s careless. A. and B. however C. though D. but
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( B ) 4. it was raining heavily, he came on time. A. Though; but B. Though; / C. But; though D. But; / ( D ) 5. I like autumn I can have a lot of fruit. A. but B. if C. though D. because ( C ) 6. I was very thirsty, I asked for some water to drink. A. than B. for C. so D. as
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( B ) 7. he had a bad cold, he didn’t go to school today. A. Because; so B. Because; / C. so; / D. /; / ( C ) 8. Jim Kate has come. I don’t know when they will come. A. Both; and B. Not only; but also C. Neither; nor D. Either; or ( A ) 9. He’s at home these days. You may come today tomorrow. A. either; or B. both; and C. not only; but also D. neither; nor
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( A ) 10. the students their teacher watches the football match on TV. They like football so much. A. Not only; but also B. Both; and C. Either; nor D. Neither; or ( C ) 11. I went into the classroom, the students were talking about the film. A. While B. After C. When D. If ( B ) 12. I speak slowly you can understand me. A. so B. so that C. as D. since
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( A ) 13. Be careful, you’ll fall into the river. A. or B. but C. for D. of ( C ) 14.He is a lovely boy we all like to play with him. A. so; that B. too; to C. such; that D. much; that ( C ) 15. we won’t go to play football this afternoon the rain stops. A. after B. if C. unless D. when
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( B ) 16. I don’t know if he . When he , give my best wishes to him. A. will come; will come B. will come; comes C. comes; comes D. comes; will come ( C ) 17.They will begin their work they get there. A. if B. until C. as soon as D. before ( B ) 18. He keeps on trying there is little hope. A. but B. even though C. because D. so 首页 末页

( B ) 19. —Dad, physics is too boring. —Work hard, you’ll find it interesting. A. Or B. and C. but D. unless ( D ) 20. The party didn’t start all the guests arrived. A. when B. while C. after D. until ( C ) 21. We should help each other learn from each other. A. neither; nor B. not; but C. not only; but also D. either; or
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( D ) 22. I hate pop music very much, but my father my mother likes it. A. both; and B. either; or C. neither; nor D. not only; but also ( A ) 23. You should make a good plan you do anything important. A. before B. after C. though D. until ( C ) 24. You won’t pass your exams you work harder. A. when B. if C. unless D. after
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( D ) 25.— competition of —What a pity! A. Both; and C. Either; or

Lily Lucy watched the final The Voice of China yesterday. They missed the exciting moment. B. Not only; but also D. Neither; nor

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中考链接 ( C ) 1. you your brother can join us. We want one of you. (2010广东) A. Both; and B. Neither; nor C. Either; or D. Not only; but also ( D ) 2. I won’t believe that the five-yearold boy can read magazines I test him myself. (2011广东) A. if B. when C. after D. until ( A ) 3. Ben was busy taking a training test, we have to wait for him for half an hour. (2012 广东) A. so B. if C. or D. but
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( D ) 4. Think it over, you’ll work out the math problem.( 2013广东) A. or B. so C. for D. and ( B ) 5. —Shall we go for a picnic in the forest park tomorrow? —Yes, it rains tomorrow.( 2014广东) A. if B. unless C. until D. when ( A ) 6. I have only two tickets for TF Bo ys’concert. You he can go with me. ( 2015广东) A. Either; or B. Neither; nor C. Both; and D. Not only; but also 首页 末页

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