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Worth worthy worthwhile的用法和区别


Worth worthy worthwhile 的用法区别
这三个词都是形容词,都有“值得的”的意思,但用法或搭配关系不同。 Worth 1:be worth + 动名词 (不加不定式) ① 动名词一定是主动形式 ② 动词名中的动词一定是 及物动词,主语为此动词的感官对象。 The experiment is worth trying. (not being tried

) 这个实验值得去尝试。 2: be worth 可加 money, price, time 等名词 A nuclear submarine is worth more than a billion dollars. 这艘核潜艇价值可达十亿多美元。 Worthwhile 1: 动名词/不定式+be worthwhile Explaining a job fully to a new employee is worthwhile. To explain a job fully to a new employee is worthwhile. 给新雇员详细说明工作的要求是值得 的。 2: It is + worthwhile + 动名词/不定式 It is worthwhile to explain a job fully to a new employee. It is worthwhile explaining a job fully to a new employee. 3: It is worth one’s while + 不定式 (不加动名词) It is worth your while to explain a job fully to a new employee. Worthy 1: be worthy of 名词/动名词的被动形式(不加不定式) This issue is worthy of careful study. 这一问题值得仔细研究。 This issue is worthy of being studied carefully. (passive gerund) 2: be worthy + 不定式的被动形式 The issue is worthy to be studied carefully

worth, worthy, worthwhile 在用法上的区别
一、从句法功能上看 worth 通常只用作表语,不用于名词前作定语; worthy 和 worthwhile 可用作表语和定语。 It isn’t worth the trouble. 不值得费那个事。 He is a worthy gentleman. 他是位值得尊敬的绅士。 His behavior is worthy of great praise. 他的行为值得高度赞扬。 They achieved a very worthwhile result. 他们取得了很有价值的成果。 We had a long wait, but it was worthwhile because we got the tickets. 我们等了很久, 但还算值 得,因为我们把票买到了。 二、从所使用的修饰语来看 worth 习惯上不用 very 修饰(要表示类似意思可用 well) ,而 worthy 和 worthwhile 则可以 用副词 very 修饰。如: That is very worthy of our attention. 那件事很值得我们注意。 Nursing is a very worthwhile career. 护理工作是很值得干的职业。 但习惯上不说:The work is very worth doing. (very 应改为 well) 三、从搭配习惯来看 1. 有关 be worth 的搭配习惯

(1)be worth 后可直接跟名词、代词或动名词。如: The picture is worth $500. 这幅画值 500 美元。 The clock is hardly worth repairing. 这台钟简直不值得修理。 What is worth doing is worth doing well. 值得干的事就得干好。 注意:其后可接动名词,不能接不定式,且接动名词时,总是用主动形式表示被动意义。 (2)在现代英语中,在 be worth 前使用形式主语 it 被认为是合习惯的。如: It isn’t worth repairing the car. 这辆汽车不值得修了。 Is it worth visiting the city? 这个城市值得去看吗? 但是,若不用形式主语 it 而直接用动名词作主语则是错误的,如: 误:Repairing the car is worth. (3)在 be worth doing 结构中,除非句首用了形式主语 it,否则句子主语总应是其动名词 的逻辑宾语;若其中的动词是不及物动词,应考虑加上适当的介词。如: Nothing he said was worth listening to. 他说的话没有一句值得听。 She’s not worth getting angry with. 犯不上跟她生气。 2. 有关 be worthy 的搭配习惯 (1)be worthy 后不能直接跟名词、代词或动名词,若要接,应借助介词 of。如: Their efforts are worthy of your support. 他们的努力应得到你的支持。 Her behavior is worthy of praise. 她的行为是值得赞扬的。 (2)与 be worth 后只接动名词不接不定式不同,be worthy 后不接动名词,而接不定 式(若该不定式要表示被动意义,则应用被动形式) 。如: He is worthy to receive such honor. 他应该得到这种荣誉。 This suggestion is worthy to be considered. 这个建议值得考虑。 (3)若要在 be worthy 后接动名词,与后接名词时的情形一样,应借助介词 of,且该动名 词若要表示被动意义,要用被动形式。如: He is worthy of filling( =to fill〕the post. 这个职位他当之无愧。 This suggestion is worthy of being considered 〔=to be considered〕. 这个建议值得考虑。 3. 有关 be worthwhile 的搭配习惯 (1)be worthwhile 后接动名词或不定式均可。如: It is worthwhile buying the dictionary. 这本词典值得买。其中的 worthwhile 也可换成 worth) ( It is worthwhile to discuss the plan again. 这个计划值得再讨论一次。 (其中的 worthwhile 不 能换成 worth,因为其后接用了不定式) (2)有时可将 worthwhile 分开写,此时也可在其中加上 one’s。如: I’d think it worth while to go. 我认为值得去。 Do you think it’s worth while quarrelling with her? 你认为与她吵值得吗? Would you like to do some gardening for me? I’ll make it worth your while.你愿意在我的花园里 干些活吗?我不会亏待你的。 It is worth your while visiting 〔to visit〕the museum. 这个博物馆值得你去看看。 (3)按传统语法,It is worth (one’s)while to do sth doing sth〕结构必须用 it 作形式主语, 其中的不定式或动名词做句子的真正主语。 四、一句多译 在很多情况下,同一个意思可用几种不同的形式表达。如: 那个地方值得一去。 正:The place is worth a visit.

正:The place is worthy of a visit. 正:The place is worth visiting. 正:It is worth visiting the place. 正:The place is worthy of being visited. 正:The place is worthy to be visited. 正:It is worthwhile visiting the place. 正:It is worthwhile to visit the place.


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