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2014高考英语全程复习方略 课时提升 作业二十四:Unit1 The written word(牛津译林版选修8)

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选修 8 Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. (2013· 沈阳模拟)We have made against smoking in the office. A. this B. that C. it D. one clear that we are strongly Unit 1

2. He accidentally

he had stolen something from a shop and had

been punished by the guards. A. let out C. made sure B. took care D. made out him crying

3. I knew he failed in the final exam the moment I alone in the classroom. A. at the sight of C. in sight of B. caught sight of D. lost sight of

4. (2013· 石家庄模拟)Almost all the girls in our college handsome mathematics teacher who happens to be single. A. respect 5. Hearing the B. adore C. follow D. envy


cry for help, out rushed the brave young man

without wearing his coat in such cold weather. A. curious C. mad B. gentle D. desperate their power in

6. It has been found that some government leaders office to get illegal benefits for themselves. A. employ C. abuse B. take D. achieve

7. (2013· 太原模拟)The boy was wandering through the street bike hit him. A. when B. once C. while D. as disease.


8. He is in good health, so he is able to A. resist C. get into B. cause

D. suffer from

9. (2013· 莆田模拟)After the quarrel, I tried all my best to fix the misunderstanding between us, but all my efforts seemed A. in trouble C. in effect 10. The reason his child had fallen ill. A. that; why C. why; why B. why; that D. that; that he was in hospital. B. in case D. in vain he didn’t attend the meeting yesterday was .

11. He was caught in the heavy rain. That’s

A. how 12. She

B. which

C. why

D. because

clean out the spare room last week, but it was much too

occupied at that time. A. intended to C. had intended to 13. I would rather B. was intended to D. has intended to the football match last night with my friends;

otherwise, I would have finished my homework by now. A. not have watched C. hadn’t watched B. not watch D. haven’t watched at home and

14. (2013· 包头模拟)Lin Shuhao has earned a good

abroad for his excellent basketball skills and won over thousands of fans. A. reputation C. contribution 15. Charles did what he could in danger. A. rescue Ⅱ. 完形填空 How Full is Your Backpack? He is no fool who gives up what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot lose. Imagine trying to walk down a narrow 1 that is B. rescued C. to rescue D. rescuing B. occupation D. civilization the servant, although h e himself was

surrounded by thorny(多刺的)vines and low hanging branches and you’re wearing a backpack 2 with many things you think you need.

Imagine how exhausted and kept getting snagged in the

3 you’d be as your heavy backpack 5 that 6 ,

4 and the vines. You’d begin to

many of the things you carried were more of an obstacle than a(n) and so one by one, you’d start regretfully throwing them aside. Imagine how you would feel when you come to the narrow path and 7

things out of your backpack,

8 of the

9 that to get to where you want to go, you have to

10 through a very small gate. You start to pull the last of your things out of the backp ack, but then you 12 through the gate. So you reluctantly(不情愿地)leave it 13 and head through the small gate into a new life. Inside the new kingdom, you realize you’ve made your journ ey more 14 than it had to be simply you’d been so reluctant to leave behind is How are you doing with your 17 15 everything 11 there is no sense in taking an empty

16 in your new life. and plans for this decade? 18 ? Maybe it’s not a thing; 19 to your

What’s that one thing you’re reluctant to

maybe it is giving up the lack of discipline when it finances, or your health, or your study.

20 it is, you need to give this thing up. Or will you insist that you need to carry an overstuff ed(过重的)backpack throughout the next ten years? (301W) 1. A. river B. street

C. path


lake 2. A. filled met 3. A. interested annoyed 4. A. branches plants 5. A. desire warn 6. A. tool mistake 7. A. pulling holding 8. A. side middle 9. A. search discover 10. A. look help 11. A. require operate 12. A. backpack B. schoolbag

B. covered

C. surrounded


B. excited

C. astonished


B. trees

C. crops


B. see

C. inform


B. envy

C. help


B. putting

C. packing


B. beginning

C. e nd


B. judge

C. admire


B. squeeze

C. think


B. declare

C. realize


C. handbag


box 13. A. over 14. A. simple difficult 15. A. when although 16. A. important 17. A. goals achievements 18. A. give up out 19. A. goes 20. A. However Wherever Ⅲ. 书面表达 (2013· 池州模拟) 这幅图片描绘的是一个反映十一黄金周交通堵 塞及交通压力问题的场景。请根据你对这幅图片的 理解用英语写一篇短文。短文应包含以下内容: 1. 描述图中所表达的相关信息; 2. 分析此现象的原因; 3. 提出你的建议(至少两条)。

B. off B. successful

C. behind C. puzzling D.

D. in

B. because

C. unless


B. valuable B. dreams

C. harmless C. facts

D. useless D.

B. give in

C. give off



B. comes B. Whenever

C. turns C. Whatever

D. finds D.

注意: 1. 可参考下面文章开头所给提示, 可适当发挥想象。 2. 词数 150 个左右。开头已给出, 不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 提示词: 高速免费政策 toll-free road policy; 交通拥堵 traffic congestion On the eight-day national holiday many drivers became victims of traffic jam on main highways. As is shown in the picture, ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ __________________________ 【语篇随练】 请运用上下文暗示法, 按照以下提示题号找出完形填空中的对应词 题 1 4 7 11 12 号 原 文 选 项

____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________

____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ___________ _________ ____________________


Ⅰ. 1. 【解析】选 C。考查代词。句意: 我们已明确声明强烈反对在 办公室吸烟。it 作形式宾语, that 从句为真正的宾语, clear 为宾语补足 语。 【变式备选】 has been made clear that we are strongly against smoking in the office. A. What B. It C. That D. One

【解析】选 B。考查代词。本句中真正的主语为后面的 that 从句, it 用作形式主语。如果在 that 前加上 is, 则句子结构又变化了, 答案则 变成了 A, 即前面是 what 引导的主语从句, 后面是 that 引导的表语从 句。 2. 【解析】选 A。句意: 他意外地透露出他从商店中偷了东西, 并被 保安惩罚了。 out 透露;take care 保重;make sure 确保;make out 理解。 let 3.【解析】选 B。句意: 当我看到他独自一人在教室哭的时候我就知 道他期末考试失败了。catch sight of 看见;at the sight of 一看见…… 就;in sight of 看得见;lose sight of 看不见。 【变式备选】 (2013· 福州模拟)The unpleasant feeling of coldness disappeared at the of his students pouring out of their classroom to give him a warm,

wordless welcome. A. sight B. scene C. view D. sign

【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意: 一看到学生们涌出教室给他温 暖无声的欢迎, 他因寒冷产生的不悦一扫而空。at the sight of 一看到, 为固定短语。scene 场面;view 景象, 观点;sign 迹象, 征兆。 4.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意: 我们学院几乎所有的女孩都 爱慕那位很帅的数学老师, 他碰巧是单身。adore 喜爱, 爱慕;respect 尊重;follow 跟随;envy 嫉妒。 5.【解析】选 D。句意: 听到有人拼命地呼救, 那个勇敢的年轻人在 如 此 冷 的 天 气 里 没 穿 外 套 就 冲 了 出 去 。 desperate 绝 望 的 , 拼 命 的;curious 好奇的;gentle 温柔的;mad 疯狂的。 6.【解析】选 C。句意: 一些政府领导在职期间滥用职权为自己谋取 非法利益的事情已经被发现。abuse 滥用;employ 雇用;take 拿;achieve 获得。 7. 【解析】选 A。考查连词辨析。句意: 那个男孩正在街上徘徊, 这 时一辆自行车突然撞到他了。when 这时, 突然, 为并列连词。once 一旦;while 然而, 表示对比;as 当……时, 强调主从句动作同时进行。 【知识拓展】 when 当并列连词的用法 并列连词 when 连接的两个分句中, 第一个分句表示的是背景, 第二 个分句表示的是一种突然的、意想不到的情况或过早发生的事情。 when 通常含“这时突然”之意。

(1)过去进行时表示过去某时间正在进行的动作。 I was thinking of this when I heard my name called. 我正想着这件事, 突然听到有人叫我的名字。 (2)was/were going to, was/were about to, was/were on the point of 表示 过去某一时间将要发生的动作。 We were about to start when it began to rain. 我们刚要动身天就开始下雨了。 (3)过去完成时和含否定意义的 hardly, scarcely, nearly 连用, 或者与否 定词 not 连用时, 表示“刚……, 就……”的意思。 I had hardly fallen asleep when the doorbell rang. 我刚入睡, 门铃突然响了起来。 8. 【解析】 A。 选 句意: 他身体健康, 所以能抵抗疾病。 resist 抵抗;cause 导致;get into 陷入;suffer from 遭受。 【变式备选】 He is in good health, so he seldom A. resists C. gets into B. causes D. suffers from disease.

【解析】选 D。根据否定副词 seldom“很少”可知, 这句话的意思应该 是“他身体健康, 因此他很少患病”, 故只有 D 项才符合逻辑。 9.【解析】选 D。考查介词短语辨析。句意: 争吵过后, 我尽力弥补 我们之间的误解, 但是我所有的努力好像是徒劳的。in vain 徒劳;in trouble 陷入困境;in case 假使;in effect 事实上。

10. 解析】 B。 【 选 句意: 昨天他没参加会议的原因是他的孩子生病了。 第一空 why 引导定语从句, 修饰先行词 the reason;第二空 that 引导表 语从句。 【变式备选】 It’s the reason child had fallen ill. A. that; why C. why; why B. why; that D. that; that he didn’t attend the meeting yesterday his

【解析】选 B。句意: 他孩子病了是他昨天没参加会议的原因。本句 中 it 为形式主语, 真正的主语为后面的 that 从句, 第一空 why 引导定 语从句, 修饰先行词 the reason。 11.【解析】选 C。句意: 他被大雨淋了。那就是他生病住院的原因。 固定表达 that’s why. . . “那就是……的原因”;而 that’s because. . . 则 表示“那是因为……”。 【变式备选】 He was in hospital. That’s A. how B. which C. why he was caught in the heavy rain. D. because

【解析】选 D。句意: 他生病住院了, 那是因为他被大雨淋了。that’s because. . . 表示“那是因为……”, 符合语境。 12.【解析】选 C。句意: 上周她本打算打扫那个闲置的房间, 但是那 时候它里面堆的东西太多了。had intended to do sth. 本打算做某事, 但事实上没做。

【变式备选】 Younger people shouldn’t be doing exercises A. used C. made B. intended D. described for 18-year-olds.

【解析】选 B。句意: 年轻一点的人不应该做专门为 18 岁的人设计 的练习。过去分词短语 intended for 18-year-olds 作后置定语。 13.【解析】选 A。句意: 昨天晚上, 我宁愿没有和朋友们一起看足球 比赛, 要不然的话, 我现在就做完作业了。would rather not have done 表示“宁愿过去没做某事(而事实上做了)”。 14.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意: 林书豪因为卓越的篮球技能 在国内外赢得了良好的声誉, 拥有成千上万的球迷。reputation 声 誉;occupation 职业;contribution 贡献;civilization 文明。 15.【解析】选 C。考查句式结构。句意: 尽管查尔斯身处险境, 但他 仍尽力营救那位仆人。 此句中 could 后省略了 do 以避免重复, 而不定 式 to rescue the servant 是目的状语。 Ⅱ. 为了实现自己的目标和计划, 要勇于放弃才能轻装上路。 而我们 自己却常常把这一旅程搞得很累, 原因就在于我们舍弃每一样东西 时都很不情愿, 而这些东西在我们新的生活中毫无用处。 1.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。根据下文 when you come to the 8

of the narrow path 可知答案为 C。 试想一下, 你走在一条狭窄的“小路” 上。 2. 解析】 A。 【 选 考查动词辨析。 固定表达(be)filled with“装满, 充满”。

你却背着一个塞得满满的包, 里面“装着”你认为你需要的很多东西。 3.【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。根据前面的 exhausted 再结合语 境可知答案为 D。想象一下, 你已经筋疲力尽, “感到恼火”了。 4.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。根据上文中的 a narrow path that is surrounded by thorny vines and low hanging branches 可知答案为 A。 由 于你的沉重的包不断地被“灌木枝条”和荆棘阻拦着。 5.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。这时你就开始“明白”…… 6.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。这里需要填入一个与 obstacle 相反 的词。你发现带着的这些东西不但没有“帮助”, 反而成了累赘。 7.【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。根据上下文可知, 你开始把东西一 件一件地从包里“拿”出来。 8.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。根据语境可知, 这里应该是路的尽 头。想象一下, 你到了窄路的“尽头”。 9.【解析】选 D。考查动词辨析。根据语境可知, 这里应该表示“发现” 一个事实。 10.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。想象一下, 你到了窄路的尽头, 发 现要进入你想进的地方, 还得从一个小门“挤”进去, 这时你是什么感 觉呢? 1 1.【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。你开始从包里拿出了最后一件东 西, 但这时你“意识到”…… 12.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。根据上下文语境可知, 这里指的是 上文一直提到的背包。 但这时你意识到带着一个空“背包”进门毫无意

义。 13.【解析】选 C。考查固定表达。固定表达 leave behind“遗留;留下”。 leave sth. over 推迟某事;leave off 停止。 你很不情愿地把包“留下”了, 穿过了小门, 开始了你新的生活。 14.【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。根据语境可知, 这次旅程非常“艰 难”。在新的世界里, 你认识到, 自己把这趟旅程搞得很“艰难”, 而本 来是不必这么艰难的。 15.【解析】选 B。考查连词辨析。就是“因为”你舍弃每一样东西时都 很不情愿。 16.【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。而这些东西在你新的生活中“毫 无用处”。 17.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。根据后面的 plans for this decade 可 判断出答案为 A。近十年来, 你的“目标”和计划进行得怎么样了呢? 18.【解析】选 A。考查动词短语辨析。根据语境可知, 这句话的意思 应该是: 你不愿“舍弃”的那个东西是什么呢? 19.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。固定表达 when it comes to“说到, 谈 到”。可能不是一个具体的东西;也许你缺乏训练, 缺乏财务上的训练, 健康上的, 或学习上的训练, 而这就是你要舍弃和改变的。 20.【解析】选 C。考查连词辨析。“无论它是什么”, 你都需要放弃这 个东西。或者你还是要继续背着你那过重的背包继续未来的十年吗? Ⅲ. 【参考范文】

On the eight-day national holiday many drivers became victims of traffic jam on main highways. As is shown in the picture, millions of drivers and passengers flocked to the highways to go home or to tourist spots, which caused great traffic congestion. Many people caught in jam were seen playing sports and even walking dogs to kill time. There are many reasons for the heavy traffic. First, as the economy is developing, the number of cars has been increasing than expected. Then, more people prefer to drive their own cars to travel instead of using public transport, which will save money thanks to the toll-free road policy. Also, the traffic system is not efficient enough for so many cars. How could we deal with the heavy traffic? In my opinion, the government should improve the traffic system. It is necessary to

provide updated traffic information for drivers on the road. In addition, drivers can prefer the roads which are not crowded. Avoiding the rush time is also a good way. Besides, if the government abandoned the tolls altogether, travel times would be more flexible for drivers. 【语篇随练】 题 号 1 4 7 out

选 项 path branches pulling

the narrow path low hanging branches pull the last of your things

11 12

you realize you’ve made wearing a backpack

realize backpack


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