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unit4定语从句补充


that 与which 的用法区分 That 和which 引导定语从句指事物时常可互用,但下列 引导定语从句指事物时常可互用, 情况常用that 而不用 而不用which. 情况常用 1.当先行词之前用最高级修饰或本身就是最高级时。 当先行词之前用最高级修饰或本身就是最高级时。 当先行词之前用最高级修饰或本身就是最高级时 This is the most interesting

that I have ever seen. 2.当先行词有序数词修饰或先行词本身就是序数时。 Here are two stuents , the third that you want is to come in a moment. 3.当先行词是 当先行词是all, little, much, none,something, 当先行词是 anything,nothing,everything 时。 All that I need is more rest.

4.当先行词前有all , any , no, only, very 等词修饰时。 The only thing that they could do was to sleep. 5.当先行词既指人又指物时。 They talked about the persons and things that they remembered in the school. 6.句中有两个定语从句,其中第一个从句的关系代词已用 了who 或which 时,第二个定语从句的关系代词用that . We built a factory which produces fertilizer that is badly needed. Our English teacher is the man who is talking with the girl that is in red.

7.在以 在以who 开头的疑问句中或以 开头的疑问句中或以which 开头的疑问句 在以 中。 Who is the girl that is standing with our maths teacher? 8. 当先行词作表语时,在限制性定语从句中,多用that 当先行词作表语时,在限制性定语从句中,多用 引导定语从句 He isn’t the man that he used to be.

下列情况下常用which 而不用that
1.当介词提到关系代词之前时 当介词提到关系代词之前时 This is the house in which he lived last year. (in which = where)

2.在非限制性定语从句中。 在非限制性定语从句中。 在非限制性定语从句中 The book , which was written in 1994, was published in 1996. 3.先行词为代词 先行词为代词that 先行词为代词 What’s that which she is looking at ?

宜用who , 而不用that 指人的情况
1. 先行词是 先行词是one ,ones , anyone, those 等。 One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth. 2.Kate talked with a classmate in London who worked in a factory.

3.一个句子中有两个定语从句,其中一个用了that , 另一个 一个句子中有两个定语从句,其中一个用了 一个句子中有两个定语从句 宜用who . 宜用 The girl that you met yesterday is an English teacher who teaches well 4.在there be结构中。 在 结构中。 结构中 拥护) there are many young people who are for him.(拥护 拥护


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