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2015届高三英语一轮写作技能培优:第1阶段 第3讲 第4课时 如何写好补语


第三部分 写作技能培优

第四课时

如何写好补语

第三部分 写作技能培优

一、宾语补足语

补充说明宾语是什么、做什么、处于什么状态的成分,其逻
辑主语为句子的宾语。常用结构为: 主语+谓语动词+宾语+宾语补足语 I think the film well wor

th seeing as it carries the main idea that justice can always beat evil.(形容词作宾语补足语)

我认为这部电影很值得一看,它表达了正义总是能够战胜邪
恶的观点。

第三部分 写作技能培优

[练一练] 体育运动有助于我们增强体质,提高平衡能力,培养耐力和 合作精神。(不定式作宾语补足语) help us build up our body ,improve our ability of Sports _______________________ balance,develop our endurance and cooperation sense. 二、主语补足语

主语补足语是对主语的补充,在写作中用到的句子相对较少。
She was elected chairman of Students’ Union.(名词短语作主 语补足语) 她被选为学生会主席。

第三部分 写作技能培优

三、with的复合宾语结构 with的复合结构是写作的一种高级表达形式,常见的形式有:
adj./adv./n. ? ? with+宾语+宾补?prep. phrase ? ?doing/done/to do

With many things to settle,he can’t attend the party.(不定式 作宾语补足语) 有许多事情要处理,他不能参加晚会。

第三部分 写作技能培优

【温馨提示】

with是介词,因此在with复合结构中的动词要

使用非谓语形式。 As the Internet is becoming more and more popular,we have fewer facetoface talks with our friends.(as是连词故其后使用 了谓语动词) With the Internet becoming more and more popular,we have fewer facetoface talks with our friends.(with后使用了现在分

词短语)
句式升级:恰当地使用with复合结构可以提高句子的档次。 The newlyelected president is busy as he has much work to do.

→With much work to do,the newlyelected president is like a
cat on a hot brick.(用了with复合结构,并使用了谚语)

第三部分 写作技能培优

[练一练]
随着期末考试的来临,老师敦促我们努力学习。(现在分词短 语作宾语补足语) With the final exam drawing near/approaching ,our teacher _________________________________________ urges us to study hard. 四、it作形式宾语的复合宾语结构 主语+谓语+形式宾语it+宾语补足语+真正宾语(不定式或 宾语从句)可以用于这样结构的动词有:feel,find,think, make,consider等。 I found it pleasant to be with your family.(形容词作宾语补足 语)

我发现和你的家人在一起很令人愉快。

第三部分 写作技能培优

【温馨提示】

受母语的影响,在写作中往往漏掉这个结构

中的形式宾语“it”。

他觉得很有必要接受他们的建议。
①He found necessary to follow their advice.(×) (按照汉语思维句子意义通顺,但是英语句子结构错误) ②He found it necessary to follow their advice.(√) [练一练]

我认为帮助穷人是我们的责任。(名词作宾语补足语)
I think it our duty that we should help the poor. _____________________________________________________

第三部分 写作技能培优

Ⅰ.基础巩固(单句改错)
1.The speaker spoke louder but still couldn’t make himself understand→understood understand.___________________________ 2.Xi Jinping was elected the chairman of the People’s 去掉第一个the Republic of China._________________

not后加to 3.The teacher asked us not make so much noise.__________
4.Don’t leave the water run while you brush your teeth. run→running _________________________

第三部分 写作技能培优

opening→open 5.He’d like to sleep with the window opening._____________ 6.She looked around and caught a man put his hand into the put→putting pocket of a passenger._______________

第三部分 写作技能培优

Ⅱ.能力提升 1.按要求翻译句子 (1)随着教育的迅速发展,课外活动变得越来越受到学生的欢 迎。(使用with复合结构) With education developing fast,afterclass activities are _____________________________________________________ becoming more and more popular with students. ____________________________________________________ (2)过去学生被迫去参加各种补习班。(使用不定式作主语补足 语) In the past,students were forced to attend all kinds of extra ____________________________________________________ classes. ____________________________________________________ (3)现在学生被鼓励参加各种各样的课外活动。(使用不定式作 主语补足语) Nowadays,students are encouraged to take part in varieties _____________________________________________________ of afterclass activities. _____________________________________________________

第三部分 写作技能培优

(4) 课外活动把学生从繁重的学习中解脱 (free) 出来。 ( 使用介 词短语作宾语补足语) Afterclass activities free students from the heavy study. _____________________________________________________ (5)课外活动让我们丰富知识、强壮身体成为可能。(使用it作 形式宾语) Afterclass activities make it possible for us to enrich our _____________________________________________________ knowledge and build up our body. ____________________________________________________ (6)课外活动不仅让我们的学校生活丰富多彩,还能够提高我 们的学习。(使用形容词作宾语补足语) Afterclass activities will not only make our school life _____________________________________________________ colorful,but also improve our learning. _____________________________________________________

第三部分 写作技能培优

2.根据提示,选用以上句子写一篇关于学生课外活动

(afterclass activities)变化的小短文 One possible version: _____________________________________________________
With education developing fast , afterclass activities are _____________________________________________________ becoming more and more popular with students.In the past, _____________________________________________________ students were forced to attend all kinds of extra classes while _____________________________________________________ nowadays students are encouraged to take part in varieties of _____________________________________________________ afterclass activities , which free students from the heavy _____________________________________________________ study. _____________________________________________________ Afterclass activities will not only make our school life colorful, _____________________________________________________ but also improve our learning.What’s more , afterclass _____________________________________________________ activities make it possible for us to enrich our knowledge and _____________________________________________________ build up our body. ____________________________________________________

第三部分 写作技能培优

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