梨树县（吉林）2016 高考英语阅读理解（二轮）选编（5）及参考答 案
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出 最佳选项。 【2014 二模】 Tom was called off to dress for Sunday-school. Mary gave him a tin basin of water and a piece o
f soap, and he went outside the door and set the basin on a little bench there; then he dipped the soap in the water and laid it down; turned up his sleeves; poured out the water on the ground, gently, and then entered the kitchen and began to wipe his face diligently on the towel behind the door. But Mary removed the towel and said: ―Now aren’t you ashamed, Tom. You mustn’t be so bad. Water won’t hurt you.‖ Tom was a little unsettled. The basin was refilled, and this time he stood over it, took in a big breath and began. When he entered the kitchen presently, with both eyes shut and feeling for the towel with his hands, an honorable testimony of bubbles and water was dripping from his face. But when he came out from the towel, he was not yet satisfactory, for the clean territory stopped short at his chin and his jaws, like a mask; below and beyond this line there was a dark expanse of unirrigated soil that
spread downward in front and backward around his neck. Mary took him in hand, and his flooded hair was neatly brushed, and its short curls formed into an elegant and regular general effect. Then Mary got out a suit of his clothing that had been used only on Sundays during two years -- they were simply called his ―other clothes‖ -- and so by that we know the size of his wardrobe. After he had dressed himself, Mary checked over and over again. Now he looked extraordinarily improved but uncomfortable. He was fully as uncomfortable as he looked; for there was a self-control about whole clothes and cleanliness that annoyed him. When Mary brought out the shoes, he lost his temper and said he was always being made to do everything he didn’t want to do. But Mary said, persuasively: ―Please, Tom – that’s a good boy.‖ So he got into the shoes howling. Mary was soon ready, and the two children set out for Sunday-school -- a place that Tom hated with his whole heart; but Mary was fond of it. 56. The first time Tom washed his face, he ______. A. dipped his face in the water his face C. wiped his face on the towel on his face 57. Mary refilled the basin for Tom to wash his face, and he ______. D. moved the towel B. poured water on
A. washed his hair as well C. brushed his teeth as well
B. didn’t wash his neck D. didn’t use the soap
58. It can be inferred that Tom’s other clothes were ______. A. measured to his wardrobe effect C. called his best clothes D. put to use at Festivals B. formed into general
59. When Mary said ―That’s a good boy‖, she really meant ―A good boy ______‖. A. always dresses himself properly and neatly curled hair. C. always washes his face with water temper. 60. What will we read about next? A. How Tom hated the school. the school. C. What annoyed Tom at the school. school 【参考答案】56-60 C B B A D D. What happened at the B. How Mary loved D. never loses his B. never has
2016 高考英语阅读理解--人生百味类 A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by
the company he keeps; for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and one should always live in the best company, whether it be of books or of men. A good book may be among the best of friends. It is the same today that it always was, and it will never change. It is the most patient and cheerful of companions. It does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress. It always receives us with the same kindness; amusing and instructing us in youth, and comforting and consoling us in age. Men often discover their affinity (密切关系) to each other by the mutual love they have for a book just as two persons sometimes discover a friend by the admiration which both entertain for a third. There is an old proverb, ―Love me, love my dog.‖ But there is more wisdom in
this: ―Love me, love my book.‖ The book is a truer and higher bond of union. Men can think, feel, and sympathize with each other through their favorite author. They live in him together, and he in them. A good book is often the best urn(瓮) of a life enshrining the best that life could think out; for the world ofa man’s life is, for the most part, but the world of his thoughts. Thus the best books are treasuries of good words, the golden thoughts, which, if remembered and cherished, become our constant companions andcomforters. Books possess an essence of immortality. They are by far the most
lasting products of human effort. Temples and statues decay, but books survive. Time is of no account with great thoughts, which are as fresh today as when they first passed through their author’s minds, ages ago. What was then said and thought still speaks to us as vividly as ever from the printed page. The only effects of time have been to filter out the bad products; for nothing in literature can long survive but what is really good. 【小题 1】A good book may be among the best of friends because_____. A．it changes over the past of time B．it contains all kinds of knowledge C．it doesn’t betray us when we are in trouble D．it comforts us in youth and instructs us in age 【小题 2】―Love me, love my book‖ in paragraph 3 probably means _______? A．If you love me, you must reading books. B．The book can be a bond between friends. C．I love books as much I love friends. D．If you love the author, you will love his books. 【小题 3】Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A．Time can tell whether a literature is good or bad. B．All books are our constant companions and comforters. C．Temples, statues and books cannot stand the test of time.
D．The world of a man’s thoughts is what his life is all about. 【小题 4】The best title for this passage can be. A．Reading Books B．A Good Book C．Our Best Friend D．Companionship of Books
2016 高考英语阅读理解--人生百味类 I may not be the wisest person on this planet．but I will tell you a little secret to happiness： Help other， and live life． It is that simple． Just ， help a friend study for a test，or volunteer at a nursing home ．I learned this after a long，hard search． I was feeling really down because my long4ime friend had died．Then I started a six-week volunteering at a nursing home all day every Saturday．My routine was to serve the meal and clean up．After that，I would wait for the head nurse to tell me what to do． One day I was told to go to Room 117 to make sure the patient was
all right．In the room I found a boy of eight sitting in his bed watching a movie．I was shocked to see a child in this seemingly forgotten nursing home for the old．He was so small and weak that you had to look closely to find him． He motioned for me to sit down． I grabbed his medical chart from which later I found out he had a terminal illness． We started to talk， and I found out that his family rarely visited， and all he did ever7 day was watch TV．I wanted to cry for him，and for my lost friend．As we talked，he had a smile on his face，and I asked him why． "The entire two hours I've been here you've never lost that smile．With this horrible disease，how do you still manage to stay happy？" He thought for a moment，and then said that too many people are dead even before they die． They walk around feeling that God has cursed (诅咒) them and that they have nothing to live for． The boy said that he would not be like that． He wakes every morning thankful to see another sunrise．He keeps his window open so that he can smell the flowers and feel the heat of the sun．He also said that he has hope． "Too many people haven't seen much of that around here， " he said， " Life is full of hope and we need to live life before it is gone．"
I don’t know what happened to him．I assume he passed away，but his lesson lives on．I now wake up and live each day to the fullest．The key to life is not money or fame，but the lessons we learn from it． 【小题 1】The nursing home in the passage is mainly for_______ A．the elderly C．the disabled B．the homeless D．the abandoned
【小题 2】The boy stayed happy mainly due to_______． A．wonderful TV programs B．his positive attitude C．good medical condition D．others' encouragement 【小题 3】The writer participated in the volunteering job in order to_______． A．find out the secret B．search for help C．enrich experiences D．get out of sadness 【小题 4】What would be the best title for the passage？ A．A Lesson in Hope B．The Life of a Sick Boy C．A Voluntary Job D．The Meaning of Life
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最 佳选项。 【2014 一模试题】
Recently a study, led by Pedro Hallal of the Federal University, suggests that nearly a third of adults, 31%, are not getting enough exercise. That rates of exercise have declined is hardly a new discovery. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, technology and economic growth have helped to create a world in which taking exercise is more and more an option rather than a necessity. But only recently have enough good data been collected from enough places to carry out the sort of analysis Dr Hallal and his colleagues have engaged in. There are common themes in different places. Unsurprisingly, people in rich countries are less active than those in poor ones, and old people are less active than young ones. Less obviously, women tend to exercise less than men—34% are inactive, compared with 28% of men. But there are exceptions. The women of Croatia, Finland, Iraq and Luxembourg, for example, move more than their male countrymen. Malta wins the race for most slothful country, with 72% of adults getting too little exercise, and Swaziland and Saudi Arabia are in close behind, with 69%. In Bangladesh, just 5% of adults fail to exercise enough. Surprisingly, six Americans in ten are active enough according to Dr Hallal’s study, compared with fewer than four in ten British. These high rates of inactivity are worrying. Human beings seem to have evolved(进化) to benefit from exercise while deliberately avoiding it whenever they can. In a state of nature it
would be impossible to live a life that did not provide enough of it. But that is no longer the case. Actually lack of enough activity these days has nearly the same effect on life span(寿命) as smoking.
29. We may learn from Paragraph 1 that_________. A. the decline of exercise rates is newly discovered B. the study suggests 31% of female adults get too little exercise C. the good enough data has been collected from only one country D. the industrial revolution has changed the way people live to some degree 30. According to the study, women of Luxembourg_________. A. have little time to exercise B. hate to get regular exercise C. take more exercise to lose weight D. exercise more than men in their country 31. The underlined word ―slothful‖ in Paragraph 3 most probably means_________. A. powerful B. rich C. lazy D. unpopular
32. What can be the best title for the text? A. Worldwide Lack of Enough Exercise B. New Health Discovery C. Evolvement of Human Beings D. Benefits of Taking Exercise 【参考答案】29---32 DDCA
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最 佳选项。 【2014 一模试题】 Welcome to Arundel Castle which is situated in West Sussex, England. The castle has a history of nearly 1000 years and has welcomed visitors traveling from all over the world. Arundel Castle also plays a starring role in many films. The Gardens The White Garden is planted with soft white Iceberg Roses, and Snow White Lilies. The Rose Garden is newly planted with lovely old-fashioned English roses that are at their very best in June and July. The Organic Kitchen Garden produces a wide range of seasonal fruit and vegetables, pears, cherries and apples.
The Castle Shop
In the Castle Shop, you will discover a wide and interesting range of gift ideas for everyone. It offers gifts and souvenirs designed to appeal to
all tastes and pockets. Foods, china, books, and stationery (文具)are all available. Many are sold in this Castle Shop only.
At Arundel Castle we pride ourselves on supporting local suppliers and actively encourage environmentally friendly products. The Arundel Festival 2014 Saturday 16th to Monday 25th August
The annual Arundel Festival gets bigger and better every year. It is one of the most amazing, diverse and easily accessible arts festivals in the UK, offering a mix of visual arts, music, theatre and street entertainment. Parking Coaches and mini-buses can drop off at the main Castle entrance in Mill Road and park in the main town car park that is opposite the Castle entrance. Please inform us when making your booking of how many parking permits are required. 33. When visiting the castle, you can____________. A. get old-fashioned English roses as gifts B. buy eco-friendly products in the Castle Shop C. get seasonal fruit and vegetables for free D. see how the local gifts are being made 34. How long does the Arundel Festival last this year? A. 10 days B. One week C. 16 days D. One month
35. Where can you park the coach? A. In Mill Road B. Inside the Castle
C. In the main town car park 【参考答案】33---35 BAC
D. At the main Castle entrance