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who whom that的基本用法


本课学习内容:定语从句中的关系代 词who whom that 学习要求: 掌握whom who that的基本用法,以 及who whom的区别 重点:1 who whom that的基本用法 2 who whom 的区别

难点: who whom 的区别

关系代词的使用取决于先行词,在定语从句中代 替主句中的先行词,所以它在一般

情况下都跟 在先行词之后,而且它的人称、数必须和先行 词一致 The woman is my mother. She is speaking at the meeting.

The woman that/who is speaking at the meeting is my mother.

判断步骤: (1)判断出先行词 (2)确定关系代词在从句中所担任的成 分以及关系代词的人称和数 (3)确定定语从句的时态 ★定从的时态不受主句的限制 The woman who/that was spoken to yesterday is my mother.

the handsome the tall the strong the clever the naughty

boy

The boy is Tom. The boy who is handsome is Tom. The boy who is tall The boy who is strong The boy who is clever The boy who is naughty is Tom. is Tom is Tom is Tom.

? The boy is Tom.
(主语)

The boy is smiling.

The boy who is smiling is Tom.

? The boy is Tom.

The boy has a round face.

The boy who has a round face is Tom.

? The boy is Tom.

He sits in front of me.

The man who sits in front of me is Tom.

The man whom everyone likes him is Norman Bethune.

The man whom Chairman Mao was talking to is NB

Norman Bethune

The man with whom I worked is NB

Everyone likes him

Chairman Mao was talking to him

I worked with him

? The man is kind.
(宾语)

Everyone likes him.

The man (whom) everyone likes is kind.

? The woman got the job.

We saw her on the street. The woman (whom) we saw on the street got the job.

? The teacher will give us a talk.
We met the teacher yesterday. The teacher (whom) we met yesterday will give us a talk.

? The boy is in the lab. You want to talk to him.
The boy (whom) you want to talk to is in the lab.
The boy to whom you want to talk is in the lab.

? This is the boy.

I sit behind him. This is the boy (whom) I sit behind. This is the boy behind whom I sit.

? The scientist will give us a
talk. We met the scientist yesterday.

The scientist (whom/who) we met the scientist yesterday will give us a talk.

?

The boy is in the lab.You want to talk to him.

The boy ___________ you (whom/who) want to talk to him is in the lab. The boy to ______you want whom to talk is in the lab.

?I know Beckham. Many football fans like him. I know Beckham , ________many whom football fans like.

?

that 指人/物,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省)

A plane is a machine. It can fly. A plane is a machine that can fly. He is the man. I told you about him. He is the man (that) I told you about. Beckham is a football star . I like him best. Beckham is a football star (that) I like best. Mary is no longer the girl.She was the girl. Mary is no longer the girl that she was

预习提纲

which 的用法
介词前置的用法


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