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高考改错专题讲解练习


高三改错专题讲解
归纳短文改错错误类型:
(一) 词法的测试 1.名词:主要是查名词是否可数,与其修饰语是否一致。
名词的用法是很多中学生容易混淆的, 高考短文改错往往把名词与主谓一致、 名词的修 饰语以及冠词的使用放在一块儿考查。高考短文改错对名词的考查主要集中在以下几方面: 1.可数名词数的使用错误;2.可数名词和不可数名词的混淆;3.名词作定语

的把握;4.抽象名 词具体化的变化等。 要在短文改错中准确辨别名词方面的错误, 首先应对名词中容易出现错 误的知识点掌握清楚。 eg: 1) I have many hobby, such as football, sing, listen music. Hobby 是可数名词,在这要用复数形式;playing football 是一项运动,football 只是 一种球; sing 和 listen to 要用动名词形式。 2) Do exercises do good to our healthy. exercise 作运动讲是不可数名词,do exercise 作 主语要用动名词形式,谓动用单数;healthy 是形容词, 这里要用名词形式。 3) Reading books is one of my hobby. one of 后 的 名 词 应 用 复 数 形 式 。

易错点回顾: 1.常考的不可数名词
advice (建议), furniture (家具), clothing (衣服), fun (乐趣), homework (家庭作业), information(信息), paper(纸), sugar(糖), work(工作), fruit(水果), harm(损害), news(新闻), progress(进步), traffic(交通), trouble(麻烦), weather(天 气 ) 等 。 这些名词前不能直接用冠词或数词修饰,而应该与某些特定的单位名词连用,来表示"量" 的概念。 如: a piece of news/advice, an article of clothing/furniture

2.单复数同形的词
means(方式), works(工厂), sheep(绵羊), deer(鹿)等。 注意正确区分它们的数:every means (单数),all means(复数)。

3.可以具体化的抽象名词
surprise, knowledge, success, failure, pleasure, interest, joy, help, honour, exercise 等。 这类名词如果仅仅表示"概念",是不可数名词,但如果表示具体的人或事,特别是前面出 现形容词 修饰时,就成了可数名词,前面需加冠词。如: He answered in surprise. 他吃惊地回答。(不可数名词) He suddenly appeared on a rainy night, which was a great surprise to us. 他在一个雨夜突然出现,这使我们非常吃惊(令大家吃惊的事情)。(可数名词)

4.具有"两重性"的名词
有些名词既可以是可数名词也可以是不可数名词, 很有迷惑性。 这类名词可数与否往往取决 于不同的意思:

不可数 可数 work 工作 作品;著作 paper 纸 报纸;文件 time 时间 倍数;次数;一段时光 light 光 灯 chicken 鸡肉 小鸡 character 性格 (戏剧、小说中的)人物 【典例调研】 [例 1]I told her not to use the office phone for personal call. call→calls。本题为名词数的误用。call 为可数名词,在此语境中须用复数;如用单数须加不 定冠词 a。 [例 2] He left words with my mother that he would come to help me in the afternoon and he kept his words. 第二个 words→word。 本题属名词数的误用。 keep one?s word 为固定短语, 意为"遵守诺言"。 [例 3]Father went to his doctor for advices about his heart trouble. advices→advice。本题属名词数的误用。advice 是不可数名词。 [例 4]Tom, will you boys play soldiers outside? There?s not enough rooms for you here. rooms→room。本题属名词数的误用。当"空间"讲时 room 为不可数名词。 [例 5]You can get many information from the Internet. many→much。本题是名词修饰语的误用。information 是不可数名词,因此前面用 much 修饰。 [例 6]The writer goes to the library every a few days. a 去掉。本题属于汉语式思维造成的成分累赘。every 本身已包含"一"的概念,因此不能受 汉语的影响而再加冠词。 【指导· 借鉴】 在短文改错中,命题者往往会从汉语式思维的角度设置"陷阱",因此大家应从分析语境 入手,摆脱汉语式思维的干扰,分清名词的性质,如果一个名词是可数名词,它一般只存在 两种形式:单数或复数,如:a personal call, personal calls, 但绝对不能说 personal call。另外 对有些名词的数,绝对不能含糊,如 information 总是一个不可数名词,不可能有其他形式 的变化,不能说 an information,或 many information。 强化闯关 2008 安徽卷 1.We chose the cheapest biscuits and ate it under a tree. 2. Both my parent miss you a Lot。 2008 辽宁卷 But they called back or sent greeting card from different places. 2008 全国卷 I?d like to stay There for half a month, visiting place of interest. 2008 全国 II since I am familiar with Beijing, I can help visitors find their ways in the city. 2008 陕西卷 Before the play started, he left the ticket on the back seat of His taxi, 2008 四川卷 But I have made up my minds to spend the vacation far from home. It will be a big surprising for them. 2008 天津卷 I had many wonderful experience, but I also had a sad one. 2008 浙江卷 I learned from my teacher that a nearby company was looking for students with good handwriting to write address on envelope. 2008 重庆卷 such as the relationship between parents and children in a lot of American family.

2. 代词:对于短文中出现的每一个代词都要查一下它所指代的

内容及在句中的作用,注意其数、格、词性是否正确和前后是否一致,常考的代词包 括人称代词、指示代词、反身代词、关系代词及疑问代词等。 1).He drove too fast, and the police stopped her. 前面提到的是 he 而后面却用 her 来代,故应将 her 改为 him. 2).This is the best film which I have ever seen. 先行词前有最高级修饰应用关系代词 that 而不是 which。 1)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; He/him; She/ her; We/ us They/ them ) 2)反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves) 3)代词的单数和复数 4)多余的代词和少代词 ①Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple Engl ish. (express oneself, me 改为 myself ) ②One day I wrote a little story and showed ∧ to my teacher. (加 it) ③If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out.(other 后 加 s) ④What?s more , you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him.(him 改 为 them) ( 1 ) David pointed to a path which it he thought would probably lead to a village. (2) When we walked to the car, Bill smiled and shook head. (3) We climb everywhere, not only in America. They have been to Europe many times. (4) And I can?t forget the good food you cooked for I. (5) I hope that both you two could come and visit us some time soon. (6) The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. (7) And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game. (8) Now I can?t watch much television, but a few years ago? (9) Now someone at home reads instead. (10) I?m spend all the whole weekend reading and preparing for it. (11) The day before the speech contest(比赛) English teacher talked to me.

3. 冠词:英语中只有三个冠词,但用起来却很复杂,在短文改错中,错误不外乎该用 冠词时没有用,不该用时却用了;该用 an 用了 a,该用 a(n)却用了 the. 1) I meant to write letter and tell you all the things… letter 为可数名词,故 write 后应加 a. 2) I like playing the football. 去 the 3) He is a honest boy. a 改为 an

误用 a 和 an(根据单词的第一个音素来判定);误用 a 和 the(固定搭配,或泛指、特指; 多余的冠词或少冠词)

①We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为 the the same 是固定搭配) ②As everyone knows, it?s ∧ famous mountain with all kinds of pants. (mountain 是可数名词需 用冠词,所以加 a ) ④I hope you have∧pleasant journey.(journey 是可数名词需用冠词) 二、定冠词用法 1.特指某(些)人或某(些)物,这是定冠词的基本用法。 Beijing is the capital of China. 2.指谈话双方都知道的人或事物。 Open the window please. 3.指上文已经提到的人或事物。(第一次提到用“a 或 an”,以后再次提到用“the”) There was a chair by the window. On the chair sat a young woman with a baby in her arms. 4.指世界上独一无二的事物。但如果名词前有修饰语,也可能用不定冠词 a, an。 the sun 太 阳 the moon 月 亮 the earth 地 球 the sky 天 空 the world 世

界 a peaceful world the moon, a bright moon 5.用在序数词、形容词最高级前。 The first truck is carrying a few baskets. 第一辆卡车装运一些筐。 表示两者间“较……的一个” 时用定冠词 The older of the two noblemen took a light. He is the taller of the two boys. 6.用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。 the Great wall 长城,the Summer Palace 颐和园, the People?s Farm 人民农场,the Science Museum 科学馆 8. 用在某些形容词前,表示某一类人。 the rich 富人 the young 年轻人 the blind 盲人 the dead 死人 9. 用在姓氏复数形式前,表示“全家人”或“夫妇俩”。 The Turners are going home on a train. 10. 用在方位词前。 on the left/right 在左/右边 in the east 在东方 at the back/front of 在……的后/前面 11. 表示乐器的 名词前一般用定冠词 the, 但前面出现定语修饰,也可能用不定冠词 a, an 。 He is playing a borrowed violin. play the violin 拉小提琴 play erhu( 二胡 ) the+n{ 发明 物} 必须是单数 who invented the telephone?

12. 用 在 表 示 海 洋 、 河 流 、 山 脉 、 群 岛 及 国 家 和 党 派 名 词 前 。 the East China Sea 东 海 the Huai River 淮河 the Jinggang Mountains 井冈山 the United States of American 美国 the working class 工人阶 级 the Chinese Communist Party 中国共产党 the ruling class, the working people

13. 在 句 型 “ 动 词 +sb.+ 介 词 +the+ 身 体 某 一 部 位 ” 中 要 用 the , 而 不 用 人 称 代 词 。 take sb. by the arm 抓 住 某 人 的 手 臂 右 be red in the face 脸 红 腿

pat sb. on the head be lame in the right leg 瘸 He hit him in the face. beat sb. on the nose

14. 表示方向、方位 用在表示计量的名词前{度量衡} by the ton/pound/yard/metre/kilo 注意 by 后 面 接 上 表 示 面 积 体 积 重 量 长 高 短 深 时 中 间 不 加 冠

词 如 by volume/weight/length/width/depth 15. 用在 the very 强调句中 This is the very book I want. (1) After a hour or so we began to feel very frightened. ( a 改为 an ,因 hour 读音以元音开 头) (全国卷) (2) I decided to climb the tree to see where we were. (the 改为 a,因此处并非特指,而是泛 指) (3) (全国卷) Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. (去掉 the,因这里的 books 表泛指,不表特指) (3) Good health is person ? s most valuable possession. ( person ? s 前 加 a , 这 里 的 a 表 泛 指) (全国卷) ( 4 ) Modern people know more about the health , have better food , and live in clearer surrou ndings. (去掉 the,因 health 表泛指) ( 5 ) There is public library in every town in Britain. ( public library 前 加 a , 因 这 里 的 public library 是单数可数名词表泛指,故在其前用 a) ( 6 ) Maybe you could come during a winter holidays. ( a 改为 the ,因从含义上看,此处 的 winter holidays 属特指或者是谈话双方都知道的) ( 7 ) Today I visited the Smiths — my first visit to a American family. ( a 改 为 an , 因 American 的读音以元音开头) (8) Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. (captain 前加冠词 the, captain 为特指) (9) Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. (the 改为 one,one 与 下一行的 another 构成“一个??另一个”) (10) I?ll take this chance to wish you wonderful time on your birthday. (wonderful 前加 a,该 表达与 have a good time 类似,其中的 a 不可省) (11)Suddenly,I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.(去掉 a, catch sight of 是 习语,意为“看见、瞥见”) (全国卷) (12) For example, when I was a child, the rain was a mystery(奥秘)。(去掉 the,rain 在 此泛指) ( 13 ) We may be one family and live under a same roof. ( a 改为 the ,因 same 前应用定冠 词) (全国卷) ( 14 ) As everyone knows , it ? s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals. (在 famous 前加 a,注意 mountain 是单数可数名词) (全国卷) (15) My teacher advised me to keep my diary. (my diary 改为 a diary,keep a diary 意为“写 日记”) (全国卷)

4. 介词:检查介词主要是查介词与动词、形容词、名词的搭配,
1、掌握介词固定短语搭配。 2、常用介词用法。(in, on, at, with, by, for, like, as,) 3 、 常 用 介 词 区 别 和 短 语 中 介 词 的 用 法 。 (like/as, with/by/on, as 〖 连 词 〗 /with, because〖连词〗/because of, join/join in)。 4、副词前省介词 5、及物动词后介词的多余。 知识结构:1.固定短语的熟练记忆;2.常用介词的熟练运用和区别; 3.副词前不用介词; 4.及物动词后不用介词;5.不定式作定语和状语、被动语态和动名词主动式表被动时,不及 物 需 介 词

(make use of, run out of, take care of, look at, look after, live in, stay at, etc)。 介词惯用词组等是否正确。 1) I am writing to thank you with your kind help. thank sb. for sth.为固定搭配,故应将 with 改为 for. 2) …I’m the happiest in all. 此句想表达的意思是“我是所有人中最高兴的”。故应将 in 改为 of. 3) Under the help of my father, I … 4) He went to Beijing in next Sunday. 真题演练: (1) Bill insisted in staying near the car. (in 改为 on,insist on 为固定搭配)(全国卷) (2) Suddenly we caught sight at a car and some men. (at 改为 of,catch sight of 是习语,意为“看见”) (全国卷) (3) When I have free time I go a long walk. (go 后加 for,go for a walk 是习语) (全 国卷) (4) When they came down the police were angry to them. (to 改为 with,要表示对某人生气,英语习惯上用 be angry with sb) (全国卷) (5) Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they ar e ill. (去掉 for,因其前的 get 是及物动词) (全国卷) ( 6 ) ? under 改为 with in 改为 on

and some books, for example, books for history, science, cooking and gardening are also popular. (books for 改为 books on,此处的 on 意为“关于”) (全国卷) (7) I never knew about a ride down a river could be so exciting.

(去掉 about 或将 about 改为 that, 因动词 knew 后可直接跟宾语从句, 无需用介词) (全 国卷) (8) It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station. (for 改为 of,注意句型 It?s kind of sb to do sth) (全国卷) ( 9 ) In fact , they are planning to visit China in next year. ( 去 掉 in , 在 由 next,this,last 等构成的时间短语中, 一般可直接用作时间状语, 无需加 in,on,at 这 样的介词) (全国卷) (10) We practise for three times every week. (去掉 for,在表示频率的名词前通常不加介词) (全国卷)

5.

形容词、副词:形容词、副词的误用主要指在该用形容词的地方用了

副词,该用副词的地方用了形容词。改错行中出现形容词或副词时就要仔细分 析该形容词或副词修饰什么,形式是否正确,是原级、比较级还是最高级。形 容词、副词误
用也是常考的改错项目之一。 1) I had not interest in English .interest 是名词,应用形容词 no 来修饰,而 not 是副 词,副词不能修饰名 2) These are the happier girls I’ve ever seen.(NMET2007) 此处有 I’ve ever seen 限定,应用最高级,故 happier 应改为 happiest. 3) You can borrow a book very easy. easy 改为 easily. 用 well 修饰

4) These books are very worth reading.

真题单句归纳
(1) After an hour or so we began to feel very frightening. (frightening 改为 frightened, 因它表示某人感到害怕,而不是令人害怕) (全国卷) ( 2 ) Charles said , “As soon as I see a realy tall building , I want to climb it. ( realy 改 为 really 或 real,若改为 really,则修饰 tall;若改为 real,则修饰 building) (全国卷) (3)Last Sunday,police cars hurry to the taller building in New York.(taller 改为 tallest, 因从含义上看此处应是最高级) (全国卷) ( 4 ) As a result, people in the modern world generally live much more longer than peopl e in the past. (去掉 more,因为 longer 本身已是比较级,不能再受 more 修饰) (全国卷) ( 5 ) Therefore , there are still some countries where people have shorter lives. ( Therefo re 改为 However,因此处语意转折) (全国卷) (6) People in industrial countries can expect to live for twice so long as people who lived a few hundred years ago. (so long as 改为 as long as,其意为“与……一样长”) (全国卷)

( 7 ) In some places you may borrow many books as you want. ( many 之 前 加 as , 因 as …… as 结构不完整) (全国卷) (8) I told Mother, Father, Sister and all my friends here that a great time I had. (that 改 为 what) (全国卷) (9)I never knew a ride down a river could be so much exciting.(去掉 much, 因 much 不 能用来修饰形容词的原级,尽管它可用来修饰比较级和最高级) (全国卷) ( 10 ) I?m sure we? ll have a wonderfully time together. ( wonderfully 改为 wonderful, 因它是放在名词前作定语) (全国卷)

6. 连词:短文改错中出现连词就要判断连词用的是否正确,是否
符合句子意思;连接的是词还是句子,是否符合逻辑关系。此 外如果是平行结构就要注意前后时态、语态、词性一致问题 平行结构常借助与并列连词 and , or , but , not only…but also…, …not…but…, either…or…, neither …nor…, as well as 等。 1) As it has been raining these days, so we have decided to put off our sports meeting. 由于前句有 As 引导原因状语从句,因此后句不能再用 so,故应把 so 去掉。 2) The population is growing, but the earth must support too many people. 根据上下文意思判断,前后两个并列分句不存在意义上的折, 所以 but 应改为 and 或 so.这是典型的并列连词误用。

真题单句归纳
(1) In the last five years that they?ve climbed churches , high buildings and television to wers. (去掉 that,因此处的 in the last five years 为时间状语,其后无需用 that) (全国卷) (2) Charles said, “As soon I see a really tall building , I want to climb it. (I 前加 as,因为 as soon as 为引导时间状语从句的引导词)(全国卷) (3) Most people can quickly get help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. ( since 改 为 when / if / whenever. 从 句 意 上 看 此 处 用 since 讲 不 通 , 改 为 if / when / whenever 均可) (全国卷) (4) However, there are still some countries there people have shorter lives. (there 改为 where,where 在此引导定语从句) (全国卷) (5) …in other places where you are limited to a certain number , of which some may be novels. (去掉 where,in other places 在此为地点状语) (全国卷)

(6) …in other places you are limited to a certain number, of that some may be novels. (that 改为 which,因介词后要用 which 来引导定语从句) (全国卷) (7) …and whether you pay the cost of sending a postcard,the librarian will write to you. (whether 改为 if,表示“如果”时,不能用 whether) (全国卷) ( 8 ) I also enjoyed the evenings when we spent together. ( 去 掉 when 或 将 when 改 为 that,因这里的定语从句中谓语动词(spent)缺宾语,故只能用关系代词 that 或将其省 略) (全国卷) (9) I live in Beijing, where is the capital of China. (where 改为 which,因此处要填关系代词作主语) (全国卷) (10) …but it didn?t matter that I would win or not. (that 改为 whether,whether 与 or not 搭配,表示“是否”) (全国卷) (11) I felt so nervous as I shook like a leaf. (as 改为 that,so…that…为固定句式,其中的 that 引导结果状语从句) (全国 卷) (12) In one class, I learned it rained. (it 前加 why,why 在此表原因) (北京春季 卷)

7. 动词:动词错误在短文改错中所占比重最大,它所涉及的错误
包括动词的时态、语态错误;易混动词的用法错误; 动 词的第三人称单数错误;动词的非谓语形式,以及动词的句型搭配错误等。在改错题 中,动词方面的考查比例较大。 1) 动词的时态、语态错误 a. I will write again and send you the photos we take together. take photos 动作发生在过去,应用过去时. b. The book you borrowed from the library should returned in five days. 根据本句意义,should 后应加上 been,构成被动语态。 c. In school, I often playing football for my friends. playing 改为 play; for 改为 with 2) 易混动词使用错误 a. I persuaded him to stop smoking, but he didn’t listen. persuade 意为“说服”,强调成功的结果,而根据下句 he didn’t listen 可知,劝说并没有成功,故应改 persuaded 为 advised. b. You please rise your hands. rise 是不及物动词,而 raise 是及物动词,所以举手应用 raise your hands.这属于及物动词与不及物动词的误用。

3) 非谓语动词使用错误 a. We are looking forward to see you on the birthday party. look forward to 中的 to 是介词,应加动名词,将 see 改为 seeing. b. I’m sorry I keep you wait for a long time .I got caught in the tr affic. 在任何情况下 keep 均和 doing 连用,如 keep doing sth.; keep sb. (sth).doing sth. ;keep …from doing… 等. c. I’d like to your pen friend, and get to know more about your country. to 后加 be。因其后是名词,而不是动词原形,不能直接用 to. 3)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; He/him; She/ her; We/ us They/ them ) 4)反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves) 3)代词的单数和复数 4)多余的代词和少代词 ① Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple Eng lish. (express oneself, me 改为 myself ) ② One day I wrote a little story and showed ∧to my teacher. (加 it) ③ If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out.(other 后 加 s) ④ What?s more , you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him.(him 改 为 them)

真题单句归纳
(1) He lied down by the side of the path to rest. (lied 改为 lay,lie 表示“躺”时, 其过去时是 lay) (全国卷) ( 2 ) Charles and Linda were seeing near the top of the building. ( seeing 改 为 seen,因为从含义上看,此处谓语应用被动语态) (全国卷) (3)Books may be keep for four weeks.(keep 改为 kept, 因此处要用被动语态) (全 国卷) ( 4 ) ? and let you know when the book you want has returned. ( returned 之 前 加 been,因从句意上看,此处要用被动语态) (全国卷) (5) Uncle Ben will also go back for Christmas. (go 改为 come,由句意可知)(全 国卷) ( 6 ) They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of questions. (eager 前加 were,因此处缺谓语动词) (全国卷) (7) I?d like to your pen-friend, and get to know more about your country. (to 后 加 be / become, 因 would like 后要接不定式, 根据句意此处应加 be / become) (全国卷) (8) What your favourite sport? (what 后加 is 或将 What 改为 What?s,此句缺 谓语) (全国卷)

( 9 ) I use to play ping-pong a lot in my spare time , but now I am interested in f ootball. (use to 改为 used to,此为习语,意为“过去经常”) (全国卷) (10) I was used to watch it every night. (去掉 was,因 used to do sth 是固定表 达,意为“过去常常做??”) (全国卷) (11)There will an important game next month.(will 后加 be, 此处缺谓语动词) (安 徽春季卷) ( 12 ) Because of so much viewing , children may not be develop the habit of rea ding and the ability to enjoy themselves. ( 去 掉 be , 因 它 与 其 后 的 动 词 develop 相 冲 突) (北京春季卷) ( 13 ) I followed her advice and should put down 100 words or so each day. ( 去 掉 should,因 put 和 followed 是平行结构,作并列谓语) (全国卷) (14) As we were all left home at an early age. (去掉 were,因句中已有谓语动词 left,“我们离开家”又是主动,不能再加 be) (天津卷) (15) I often dream of a teacher. (a teacher 前加上 being 或 becoming.根据后文 的内容看来,作者不是梦见老师,而是自己梦想“成为”一名教师) (年湖北卷)

8. 词语固定搭配:
主要考查介词与动词、名词、形容词的固定搭配;副词、 动词的固定搭配;及物动词后多介词或副词以及不及物动词后少介词,英语中的一些 固定句型与习惯搭配等。 1) My teacher advised me to keep my diary. keep a diary 是固定搭配,意思是“写日记”. 2) In my surprise, he did very well in his previous job. To one’s surprise 是固定搭配 3) I thought that was dull to watch a game…(NMET2005) 此题考查 it 的功能,It + be + adj. + to do 为固定结构。 4) …the activities are not only enjoyable and also helpful.解析: not only… but also…为固定结构,故将 and 改为 but. 5) I have no difficulty learn maths. have difficulty (in) doing sth.为固定结构 6) He spends too much time play games. spend some time (in) doing sth.为固定结构

(二) 句法的测试: 1 主谓语在数上的一致;

I hope everything are ok with you. are 改为 is

2 名词性从句;
A man came up to him and asked that he needed. that 是连词,在从句中无任何意 义,而后面的宾语从句缺宾语,用 what 引导宾语从句作宾语从句的宾语。

3 定语从句;
This would save the life of many animals, some of then have almost died out. them 改为 which

4 强调句型;It is/was +被强调的部分+that/who…
It was in 1949 when he joined the army. when 改为 that

5 句子结构的连贯性、完整性、对等性及逻辑性。
(三)语篇的测试 语篇的测试包括: 1 上下文中的时态是否一致; 2 上下文中的代词是否一致; 3 上下文中的逻辑是否一致; 4 上下文中的词、词组、从句的替代是否正确。

四、注意问题:
短文改错时改“错”,而不是把文中的表达法改成另外的表达形式。很多考生对这个概 念比较模糊。 把原文中并没有错的形式改成了自己认可的另外一种形式, 虽然改后的表达法 也是对的,但这样做偏离了这类题型的答题要求,因而也不能得分。

五、复习建议:
除了多做改错专项练习外,也要做与短文改错题型相关的其他练习。比如: 1.在平时 写作过程中就要十分注意自己容易犯的语法错误。2.还可以通过看其他同学的习作,欣赏的 同时也可有意识地把该习作进行一下“改错”。3.平时还可以多进行单句改错练习,逐渐体会 和把握短文改错这一题型的规律。 (一)改前通读全文, 切忌拿来就改,这一步很关键。这一步的目标是了解短文的中 心意思,把握全篇的时态、人称及行文逻辑。记叙文强调时间、地点、人物和事件四要素, 在通读全文理解全文的同时把一些比较容易的或是明显的错误先改好 (二)分句阅读,逐行找错。在纠错时要仔细地读懂每一个句子,这时就要对文中的 词法、句法和语篇(详见考查要点)角度着重分析和特别注意。把涉及 多斟酌一下。 (三) 做将答案放回原文,再重读全文。 其目的主要是查看有无不符合逻辑,语句不通畅, 不符合英语习惯的问题。 到以上错误类型的词

最新 2013 年高考英语短文改错专题训练

(1) My parents live in the country. They keep a dog calling Ah Hua. One day my parent went to work in the fields taking my little sister with Ah Hua along. While they working, my sister walked to the river nearby. Ah Hua followed her there. She was trying to pick a flower while she fell into the river. Ah Hua barked and jumped to the water immediate. When my parents heard Ah Hua barking they ran to the river. They saw Ah Hua swimming towards the bank carried my little sister. My parents praised Ah Hua warm. It was our brave Ah Hua who had saved my little sister. (2) May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement make. The Student Union is going to hold a party in Saturday evening, August 15, to welcome my friends from the United States. The party will be hold in the roof garden of the Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 p.m. There will have music, dancing, singing, games and exchange of gift. Everybody may bring a small gift on this purpose. Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wish. Don?t forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. There is sure to be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcomed. (3) Dear Peter, We're so glad you're coming to join us on Sunday. Here is what you can find us. We'll have our picnics in the People's Park. You know where that is, isn't you? After you entered the park by the main gate, walk straightly on till you come to a stream. Cross the stream and turning right. After walking in a while you'll come to a hill. Walk around to other side of the hill. There you'll see a lake. We'll have our picnic here in

the small wood by the lake. I'm sure you'll have no trouble finding us. Do come! (4) A few days before my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. My brother was riding with me seating on the seat behind. As we came to the crossroad, a young man and a girl came up and stopped us. ?We've found you long last,? they said. And we don't know them. Point to a policeman not far away, the young man explained, ?He

stopped us about half hour ago and made us to catch the next offender. So come on, stand here. Hoping you don't have to wait as long as we did . Good luck.? (5) Dear Mr Smith, I was so please to hear from you and I'm writing to tell you something about my school. You are right, quite few changes have been taken place. On the one side of the road, there has a new classroom building. On the other side which a playground used to be now stand another new building, our library. In it there are all kind of books, newspapers or magazines. The playground is now in front of school. We've also plant a lot of trees in and around the school. I hope you come and see for yourself some days. (6) Li Hua My name is Li Hua. I was born in Dalian, Liaoning province on February 1977. I started school in 1984 while I was seven. I studied in Guangming Primary School 1984 to 1990. After that I went to No.6 Middle School of Dalian and graduate this summer. The main subjects I studied at school including Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemical and computer. I like English and computer best but I am very good at them. Last year I had won first prize in the school computer competition. In my spare time I enjoy listening to popular music and collect stamps. My favourite sport are swimming in summer and skating in winter. (7) Dear Dick, How nice to hear you again! You want to know which is going on in schools in

china. In a short, things have begun to improve since we call on school to reduce learning load. I don?t know about the others, and I used to have to do works even on weekends by doing endless homework and attend classes as well. Now, I have much free time. I can follow my own interests, such as reading books, visiting museums, or taking computer lessons. In the evening, I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. What?s more, I can go to bed earlier. As far as I know, everyone is happy about the new arrangement of things. (8)

Dear Bill, I was very glad receive your letter on July 13th. Thank you for your congratulation. I was very excited when I heard that Beijing won the bid for the 2008 Olympic Games. Immediate, I called Weiguo and Lihong to my house . After the brief discussion, we decided to put up a wall?s newspaper for our class. When we hurried to our classroom and began to work. Weiguo wrote a poem, Lihong copied some news on the

newspapers. I draw the Olympic flag. The next Monday, Our classmates were both surprised and overjoying when they saw the wall newspaper. I hoped you can come to China to watch the Olympic Games in 2008, then I'll be very happy to be your guide. Sincerely yours (9) Dear Bob, I?m so glad to learn that you are come in September. I found a place for you. It?s a small flat of 25 square metre, with a bedroom, a bathroom or a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and the chair. The rent is 500 yuans per month. The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, it is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. Bus No. 11 can take you straightly to the school. In fact, it?s only one stop way. Do you think you?d like it? If so , I can try and find another place for you. Just let me know. (10) It is well-known that we exist in the dynamic world with various difficulties. When we are faced them, nothing is more important than hope and self-confidence. With confidence, we can find sometime the question is not as “huge”so we imagine.Take most of our for example, the entrance exam to college seem to be a horrible monster. According, some people give up, some persist. In my eyes, with confidence, right assessment of the difficulties, as good as full preparation, try and exert your strength, but then we will overcome all problems and challenges. On the whole, I believe we youngster should face the difficulties in right manner. And nothing is impossible, brave it out and just do it! 最新2013年高考英语短文改错专题训练参考答案 [(1)答案] My parents live in the country. They keep a dog calling Ah Fu. One day my

called parent went to work in the fields taking my little sister with Ah Fu and along. While parents and they ^ working, my sister walked to the river nearby. Ah Fu followed her there. She were a was trying to pick a flower while she fell into river. Ah Fu barked and jumped to the when into water immediate. When my parents heard Ah Fu barking, they ran to the river. They immediately saw Ah Fu swimming towards the bank carried my little sister. My parents praised carrying Ah Fu warm. It was our brave Ah Fu who had saved my little sister. Warmly 【解析】 此处是过去分词作短语作定语,因此,将 calling 改为 called。 根据上下文可知,parent 应是复数,所以将 parent 改为 parents。 此处 my little sister 和 Ah Fu and along 并列关系,所以将 with 改为 and。 根据句意,此处应是过去进行时,所以将 they 加 were。 此处的 river 首次出现泛指,所以将 the 改为 a。 此句意思是“在他摘花时,意外掉入河中”应用 be doing sth when 句型,所以将 while 改为 when。 根据句意,此处“跳入河中”, 所以将 to 改为 into。 此处应是状语,应是副词,所以将 immediate 改为 immediately。 此处是现在分词作宾补,所以将 carried 改为 carrying 此处的 warm 是 praised 的状语,所以将 warm 改为 warmly。 [(2)答案] May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement ^ make. to The Student Union is going to hold a party in Saturday evening, August 15, to on welcome my friends from the United States. The party will be hold in the roof garden our held of the Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 p.m. There will have music, dancing, singing, be games and exchange of gift. Everybody may bring a small gift on this purpose. exchanging gifts for Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wish. wishes Don?t forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. There is sure to be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcomed. welcome 【解析】 该句子用的是 have sth to do 而不是 have sb do, 在 make 前加 to 。

指某一天的上下午时用介词 on 而不用 in。 此处的 fiends 应是讲话一方的朋友,是复数概念,将 my 改为 our。 根据句意,此处是将来被动,应将 hold 改为 held。 表示从在的有用 there be 不是 there have, 应将 have 改为 be。 此处的 exchange 与 dancing, singing,是并列关系, 应将 exchange 改为 exchanging。 此处的 gift 是大家交换,是复数,应将 gift 改为 gifts。 根据句意,此处是为了这一目的,应是 for this purpose; 而 on purpose“故意”。 此处的 wish 应是复数概念,所以将 wish 改为 wishes。 10、 Welcome 一次即可作动词, 又可作形容词, 所以, 应将 welcomed 改为 welcome。 [(3)答案] Dear Peter, We're so glad you're coming to join us on Sunday. Here is what you can find us. how We'll have our picnics in the People's Park. You know where that is, isn't you? After you picnic don?t entered the park by the main gate, walk straightly on till you come to a stream. Cross enter straight the stream and turning right. After walking in a while you'll come to a hill. Walk around turn for to ^other side of the hill. There you'll see a lake. We'll have our picnic here in the the there small wood by the lake. I'm sure you'll have no trouble finding us. Do come! Woods Yours 【解析】 1、此处的从属连词在从句中作方式,故将 what 改为 how。 2、此处是单数概念,应是 picnic。 3、此处的反意疑问句应与主句的人称、数等保持一致,而不是与从句保持一致, 所以将 isn?t 改为 don?t。 4、根据上下文设计概念可知此处一般现在时,所以将 entered 改为 enter。 5、straight 形容词和副词同形,此处应是 straight。 6、turn 和 cross 是并列谓语,将 turning 改为 turn。 7、for a while 是“一会儿”而 in a while 则是“过一会儿”根据句意,此处应是 for a while. 8、此处的 other 应是特指,前面应有 the. 9、此处是指那里,应用 there。 10、wood 在此处是“小树林”应用 woods。 [(4)答案] A few days before my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. My brother ago was riding with me seating on the seat behind. As we came to the crossroad, a young seated/ sitting crossroads man and a girl came up and stopped us. ?We've found you ^ long last,? they said. And

at But we don't know them. Point to a policeman not far away, the young man explained, didn?t Pointing ?He stopped us about half^ hour ago and made us to catch the next offender. So an 去掉 to come on, stand here. Hoping you don't have to wait as long as we did . Good luck.? Hope May 3rd, Sunday fine 【解析】 1、根据句子时态和句意此处应是“几天前”,所以将 before 改为 ago. 2、此次是现在分词作宾补,表示主动,所以将 seating 改为 seated 或 sitting。 3、crossroad 表示“十字路口?” 时常用 Crossroads。 4、根据文意,“最终找到”at long last 是固定搭配。一次在 long 前加 at。 5、前后两句语义转折,所以将 and 改为 but。 6、根据上下文此处是一般过去时,所以将 don?t 改为 didn?t。 7、 根据句子结构, 此处的 Point 应是分词作伴随状语, 所以将 point 改为 pointing。 8、此处 half an hour 是固定搭配,所以在 half 后加 an。 9、此处是 make sb do sth 结构,所以去掉 catch 前的 to。 10、此句是祈使句,应将 hoping 改为 hope。 [(5)答案] Dear Mr Smith, I was so please to hear from you and I'm writing to tell you something about my Pleased school. You are right, quite few changes have been taken place. On the one side of the 去掉 been road, there has a new classroom building. On the other side which a playground used is where to be now stand another new building, our library. In it there are all kinds of books, stands kinds newspapers or magazines. The playground is now in front of^ school. We've also and the plant a lot of trees in and around the school. I hope you come and see for yourself planted some days. day Best wishes! Yours, 【解析】 此处 please 是动词应该用形容词 pleased. 词句中的 take place 不用被动语态,所以去掉 been。 表示存在的有用 there be 所以将 has 改为 is。 which a playground used to be 定语从句,关系词在从句表示“处所、地点”应用 where。 此句是倒装句,其主语是 another new building,所以将 stand 改为 stands。 all kinds of 是固定搭配,所以 kind 应是复数。 newspapers 和 magazines 是比并列而不是选择关系,所以该 or 为 and。

介词 in front of 后的 school 指具体的学校,前应加 the。 此处现在完成时,应将 plant 改为过去分词。 根据句意可知应是“某一天”,而不是“几天”,所以将 days 改为 day。 [(6)答案] Li Hua My name is Li Hua. I was born in Dalian, Liaoning province on February 1977. in I started school in 1984 while I was seven. I studied in Guangming Primary School ^ when from 1984 to 1990. After that I went to No.6 Middle School of Dalian and graduate this graduated summer. The main subjects I studied at school including Chinese, maths, English, included physics, chemical and computer. I like English and computer best but I am very good chemistry and at them. Last year I had won first prize in the school computer competition. In my spare 去掉 had time I enjoy listening to popular music and collect stamps. My favourite sport are collecting sports swimming in summer and skating in winter. 【解析】 1、在英语中表示某年某月用介词,而不用 on。 2、此句意思是:我七岁时开始上学,所以应用 when 而不是 while。 3、根据句意,此处应是从某时到某时,英文常用 from…to…,所以在1984前加 from。 4、根据句意和上下文,该句应该是过去时态,所以将 graduate 改为 graduated。 5、该句中的 include 是谓语动词,应该用 included. 6、该居中的学科名称是并列关系,应将 chemical 改为 chemistry 名词。 7、 根据连词前后句意义, 应该是顺承关系, 而不是转折关系, 所以将 but 改为 and。 8、句中有 last year 时间状语,应是一般过去时,所以去掉 had。 9、此句中的 collect 和 listening 是并列成分,作 enjoy 宾语,因此,将 collect 改 为 collecting。、10、从动词 are 可知 sport 应是复数。 [(7)答案] Dear Dick, How nice to hear ^ you again! You want to know which is going on in schools in from what China. In a short, things have begun to improve since we call on school to reduce 去掉 a called learning load. I don?t know about the others, and I used to have to do works even on but weekends by doing endless homework and attend classes as well. Now, I have much attending more

free time. I can follow my own interests, such as reading books, visiting museums, or and taking computer lessons. In the evening, I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. evenings What?s more, I can go to bed earlier. As far as I know, everyone is happy about the new early arrangement of things. 【解析】 1、此处是收到来信,应是 hear from。 2、此句是宾语从句,根据句意应将 which 改为 what。 3、in short 是固定搭配,所以去掉冠词 a。 4、根据上下文可知此处应是一般过去时,所以将 call 改为 called。 5、根据上下文可知前后两句应该是转折关系,所以将 and 改为 but。 6、从结构看 attend 和 doing 应是并列关系,所以将 attend 改为 attending。 7、此处根据上下文,应该用比较级,所以将 much 改为 more。 8、reading books, visiting museums, or taking computer lessons.这几个短语是并列 关系而不是选择关系,所以将 or 改为 and。 9、根据句意,此短语意思是“每天晚上”所以将 evening 改为 eveings。 10、根据上下文,此句中没有比较之义,所以将 earlier 改为 early。 [(8)答案] Dear Bill, I was very glad ^receive your letter on July 13th. Thank you for your to congragulation. I was very excited when I heard that Beijing won the bid for the 2008 congragulations Olympic Games. Immediate, I called Weiguo and Lihong to my house. After the brief Immediately a discussion, we decided to put up a wall?s newspaper for our class. When we hurried to wall when 去掉 our classroom and began to work. Weiguo wrote a poem, Lihong copied some news on the newspapers. I draw the Olympic flag. The next Monday, Our classmates were from drew both surprised and overjoying when they saw the wall newspaper. I hoped you can overjoyed hope come to China to watch the Olympic Games in 2008, then I'll be very happy to be your guide. Sincerely yours 【解析】 1、此处用句型 be glad to do sth,因此在 glad 后加 to。 2、congratulation 表示祝贺常用复数形式,所以改为 congragulations 3、次出应是副词做状语,因此永 Immediately。 4、此处 discussion 是抽象名词具体化前应该是不定冠词 a。

5、该处是表示性质、用途等名词作定义不用所有格。 6、该句是单句而非复合句,所以去掉 when。 7、 根据 Lihong copied some news on the newspapers 句意可知应该将 on 改为 from。 8、根据上下文,该句时态应是一般过去时,所以将 draw 改为过去式。 9、overjoying 和 surprised 是并列作表语,应该是过去分词》。 10、此处是说话人的希望,应是现在时态,所以将 hoped 改为 hape [(9)答案] Dear Bob, I?m so glad to learn that you are come in September. I ^found a place for you. It?s Coming have a small flat of 25 square metre, with a bedroom, a bathroom or a kitchen. In the matres and bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and the chair. The rent is 500 yuans per month. a yuan The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, it is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. which Bus No. 11 can take you straightly to the school. In fact, it?s only one stop way. Do you Straight away think you?d like it? If so I can try and find another place for you. Just let me know. not Yours . 【解析】 1、此句是进行时表将来,所以将 come 改为 coming。 2、此句意思是“我已为你找到一个住处”应该是现在完成时,在 learn 前加 have。 3、多少平方米的英文表达应是“xx square metres。 4、此处应是并列,不是选择,所以将 or 改为 and。 5、此次故事观此错误,应该用 a,和 a bed, a sofa, a desk 的用法一样。 6、yuan 一词是中文译音,不用复数。 7、it is not far from Jianxin Chinese School 是非限制性定语从句,所以改 it 为 which 。 8、straight 该词形容词副词同形,去掉 straight 的 ly。 9、It is …away. 意思是“距……多远”,所以将 way 改为 away。 10、根据上下文句意,该处应该是 if not 而不是 if so。 [(10)答案] It is well-known that we exist in the dynamic world with various difficulties. When a we are faced ^ them, nothing is more important than hope and self-confidence. With with confidence, we can find sometime the question is not as “huge”so we imagine. sometimes as Take most of our for example, the entrance exam to college seem to be a horrible us seems

monster. According, some people give up, some persist. In my eyes, with confidence, Accordingly right assessment of the difficulties, as good as full preparation, try and exert your well strength, but then we will overcome all problems and challenges. On the whole, I and believe we youngster should face the difficulties in right manner. And nothing is youngsters impossible, brave it out and just do it! 【解析】 1、此句中的 world 并非具体的世界,而是人们现实生活的一种环境,因此,用 冠词 a。 2、faced with “面对”是固定搭配。 3、根据句意,此处应是“有时候、时而”而不是“某时”,应该用 sometimes。 4、此句用 not as(so)… as 句型,所以改 so 为 as。 5、此处应该是 most of us。 6、从主语 entrance exam 可知,谓语动词是单数 。 7、根据句子结构,此处应是 According 副词作状语,而不是形容词。 8、根据句意,此处应该是“除……外,还有……”,而不是 “和…….养好”,应该是 as well as。 9、根据上下文,前后两句应该是顺承关系不是转折关系,所以改 but 为 and。 10、youngstr 是 we 的同位语。


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