● 初高中英语学习侧重点的不同： 1、教材跨度大。初中阶段要求掌握 1500-1600 个单词和 200-300 个习惯用语及固定搭配， 了解常用语言形式的基本结构和基本的语法知识。而升入高中后，高中教材内容丰富，知识 容量大，并在初中的基础上注入了大量的语法点、知识点，
使句子结构更为复杂，同时侧 重提高阅读能力且加大词汇量和阅读材料的份量，而且内容涉及文学、教育、天文、科技、 金融、电脑网络等诸方面。 2、初高中英语教法和学法都存在差异。初中英语学习内容比较简单、浅显，侧重于语言， 形象直观，知识单一，题型简单，课时充足，考试也重点考查基础知识，教师在教学时只要 抓好课堂时间进行充分练习，反复检查，学生就能学好；而高中英语内容较多，知识综合性 强，考试形式和范围都以高考为标准，要求学生勤于思考，善于归纳总结，学会自主学习， 利用课余时间充分发挥自己的积极性、主动性，与其他同学研究探讨，借助词典、参考书 等工具来解决大部分的问题。
● 面对不同如何应对？ 1. 制定计划, 学会自学。 2. 立足课本，熟记所有应掌握的词汇、短语、句式和经典篇章。 3. 使用工具书的习惯。 4．复习，预习的习惯。 5．养成朗读背诵的习惯。
英语的构词法主要有:合成法 ,转化法,派生法,混成法 ,截短法和词首字母缩略法 . 1. 合成法 outdoors ，highway, suitcase, handwriting, typewriter, reading-room, outbreak, afternoon 2. 派生法 在词根前面加前缀或在词根后面加后缀构成一个与原单词意义相近或截然相反的新词 叫做派生法。 appear 出现→disappear 消失 internet 互联网 reuse 再用 subway 地铁 differ 不同于→difference 区别 write 写→writer 作家 Japan 日本→Japanese 日本人 act 表演→actress 女演员→actor music 音乐→musician 音乐家
wide→widen 加宽 beauty→beautify 美化 nature 自然→natural 自然的 reason 道理→reasonable 有道理的 snow 雪→snowy 雪的 angry 生气的→angrily 生气地 3. 转化法 英语中，有的名词可作动词，有的形容词可作副词或动词，这种把一种词性用作 另一 种词性而词形不变的方法叫做转化法。 ① Let's go out for a walk. ② Please hand me the book. ③ We will try our best to better our living conditions. ④ You should be dressed in black at the funeral. ⑤ The old in our village are living a happy life. 4. 截短法(缩略法) 截短法，即将单词缩写，词义和词性保持不变，主要有截头、去尾、截头去尾等形式。 1)截头 telephone→phone aeroplane→plane omnibus→bus 2)去尾 mathematics→maths co-operate→co-op examination→exam kilogram→kilo laboratory→lab taxicab→taxi 3)截头去尾 influenza→flu refrigerator→fridge 5. 混合法(混成法) 混合法，即将两个词混合或各取一部分紧缩而成一个新词。后半部分表示主体；前半 部分表示属性。 news broadcast→newscast 新闻广播 television broadcast→telecast 电视播送 smoke and fog→smog 烟雾 helicopter airport→heliport 直升飞机场 6. 首尾字母缩略法 首尾字母缩略法，即用单词首尾字母组成一个新词。读音主要有两种形式，即各字母 分别读音；作为一个单词的读音。 very important person→VIP ( 读字母音)要人；大人物 television→T V ( 读字母音)电视 Testing of English as a Foreign Language→ TOEFL 托福
Unit one F riendship
● Unit 1 词汇记忆
1． upset adj. 心烦意乱的；不安的；不适的 vt. 使不安；使心烦 2． ignore vt.不理睬；忽视 → ignorance n．愚昧 → ignorant adj. 无知的；粗鲁的 concerned adj. 3． calm vt. & vi.(使 )平静； (使 )镇定 adj. 平静的；镇静的；沉着的
4．concern vt. & n． (使 )担忧； 涉及； 关系到； 担心； 关注；(利害)关系 → 担忧的 →concerning prep.关于 5． loose adj. 松的；松开的 6． series n．连续；系列 7． outdoors adv. 在户外；在野外 outdoor adj. 户外的 adj. 有权势的
8．entire adj. 整个的；完全的；全部的 9． power n．能力；力量；权力 → powerful
10． settle vi.安家；定居；停留 vt.使安居；安排；解决 →settlement n．安居；定居 11． suffer vt. &vt.遭受；忍受；经历 12． recover vi. &vt.痊愈；恢复；重新获得 →recovery n．痊愈 13． pack vi. &vt.捆扎；包装；打行李 n．小包；包裹 14．exactly adv.确实如此；正是；确切地 → exact adj. 精确的 not exactly 不完全是；不完全如此；不全对 15． disagree vi.不同意 → disagreement n． → agreement 反义词 16. grateful adj. 感激的，表示感谢的 17. tip n. 提示，技巧； vt. 倾斜，翻倒 18． Teenager n. 十几岁的青少年
1． add up 合计 add up to_________ add…to…________________ add to__________________________ 2． calm down 平静下来；镇定下来 3． have got to 不得不，必须 =have to 4． be concerned about/for 关心，挂念 be concerned with/in“关于
5． go through 经历；经受 ; 仔细检查；用完，耗尽 6． set down 放下；记下；登记 7． a series of 一连串的；一系列的 8． on purpose 故意----by chance/by accident that+句子 10． at dusk 偶然 in order that/so
9． in order to do 为了 ……(用于句首 ,句中 ) so as to do(不用于句首) 在黄昏时刻 --- at dawn 在黎明
11． face to face 面对面 12． no longer/not any longer 不再 13． suffer from 遭受；患病 14． get/be tired of 对 ……厌烦 be tired from___________ 15． pack (sth.) up 将 (东西 )装箱打包
16． get along/on with
与 ……相处；进展 join _______
17． fall in love 相爱；爱上 18 ． join in 参 加 ； 加 入 +活 动 take part in_______ attend________ 19. be grateful to sb. for sth. ____________________
True friendship is like sound health; the value of it is seldom known until it is lost. A friend in need is a friend indeed. Are you good to your friends? Do the following survey. Add up your score and see how many points you get.
1.Your friend comes to school very upset. 你的朋友来上学时心情很不好。 upset 在这里为 adj. 作主语补足语，用来补充形容主语 your friend 来学校时的心情。 e.g. He went to bed ______________(既冷又饿 ) He died ___________(young). He was found ____(die) 2.While walking the dog， you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. Walking 是 v-ing 形式做状语，其逻辑主语为 __ __, 且与主语构成主动关系。如构成 被动关系则用 While ________(cross) the street, you should be careful. When ________________(laugh at), he wants to cry. ____________ (gather) around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. ____________ (translate) into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. 3. When he/she borrowed it last time, he/she broke it and you had to pay to get it repaired. get sth. done I have to get my hair cut. He got the work finished before 5 o ’clock. get sb to do sth.=____________________=_____________________=_______________ get + adj. get ready. 4.You will tell your friend that you are concerned about him/her and you will meet after class and talk then.你会告诉你的朋友你 很关心他或她，并且下课后你们再见面谈谈。 此句为主从复合句 that 引导宾语从句， 从句中 you are concerned about him/her 和 you will meet after class and talk then 为并列句。 concern vt. & n. (1) 关心，挂念（常用于 concern oneself with/about sb. /sth.结构中） She her son’s future. 她关心她儿子的将来。 Xk
B 1. c o m
(2)vt.关系到 ,影响到（用于 concern sb. /sth.结构中 )
That _________ us.
(3)n.关系;利害关系;担心，忧虑 【搭配】 with concern 关切地 feel/show concern about/for sth. /slh. 担心/ 关心/挂念某人（事） have no concern for sb/sth.毫不关心某人 /事 have no concern with sb. /sth.与某人 /事无关 I the accident.我与那起事故没有任何关系。
【拓展】 concerned， adj .忧虑的；担忧的；有关的；涉及的 concerning prep.关于；与 有关 【搭配】 as far as I am/you are concerned 就我 /你而言;依我/你之见 be concerned about/for 为 担心；关心 be concerned with 与 有关 be concerned in 参与 【巧学活用】 As far as I am concerned, educators should be concerned about the problem that is concerned with the healthy growth o f the children and concerned themselves with/in the work of education'. 依我之见，教育工作者应该关心与儿童健康成长有关 的问题，并亲自参与教育工 作。 5. Add up your score and see how many points you get. 合计一下你的得分 ,看看你得多少分。 【句法分析】本句是一个由 and 连接的并列祈使句，在 第二个祈使句中 how many 引导宾 语从句，作 see 的宾语。 add v. ① 增加，增添 【搭配】 w
W w . X k b 1. c O m
add up to 共计；总计为；结果是 add... up 把 加起来 add A to B/add A and B 在 B 中加入 A/把 A 和 B 加起来 add to( = increase)( 数量、规模）增加，增添 Will you more sugar your coffee? 你的咖啡要多加些糖吗？ If we add these marks up, we’ll get a total of 90. 如果我们把这些分数加起来, 总分就有 90 分了。 The snow storm added to our difficulties. 暴风雪增加了我们的困难。 ②补充说 ; 继续说（其后常接 that 从句或用于直接引 语中 ) “ And don’t be late ’she added. “还有，别迟到，”她补充说。
新 课 标 第 一网
6. You will tell him/her that he /she should have studied, so you don ’t let him/her look at your paper.
should/ought to have done_____________________ I should have finished my homework, but my friend called me to help her do her homework. You ought to （ should） have been more careful in this experiment. 情态动词 + have +过去分词 1） must have done_________________ --Linda has gone to work, but her bicycle is still here. 琳达已经去上班了，但她的单车还在 这儿。 ---She must have gone by bus.肯定乘巴士去的。 2) can have done(用于疑问句 )__________________ Can he have gone to his aunt ’s? could have done _____________________ You could have passed the exam, but you didn ’t work hard. 3)cannot/could not have done _________________ He cannot have forgotten it./ I couldn’t have finished my homework. 4)may/might have done_____________________ It’s too late. I think he may have gone to bed. 5） ought to/ should have done sth_______________ You ought to （ should） have been more careful in this experiment. 6) shouldn’t/ ought not to have done. ________________ He ought not to have thrown the old clothes away. ought to 在语气上比 should 要强。 7） needn't have done sth____________ I dressed very warmly for the trip, but I needn't have done so. The weather was hot. 8） would like to have done sth ____________________ I would like to have read the article, but I was very busy then. 我想读这篇文章， 但太忙了一 直没读。 9) would have done__________________ I would have told you all about the boy's story, but you didn't ask me.
● 情态动词 + have +过去分词 课堂检验
1. Tom ought not to _______ me your secret, but he meant no harm. A. have told B. tell C. be telling D. having told 2. I ______ sooner but I didn ’ t know that they were waiting for me. A. had come 3. B. was coming C. would come D. would have come —I left my handbag on the train, but luckily someone gave it to the railway officials. — How unbelievable to get it back! I mean, someone_______ it. B. might have stolen C. should have stolen D. must have
A. will have stolen stolen
4. — Pity you missed the lecture on nuclear pollution. — I____ it, but I was busy preparing for a job interview. A. attended B. had attended C. would attend
D. would have
attended 5. I was really anxious about you. You _______ home without a word. A. mustn’t leave B. shouldn’ t have left C. couldn’ t have left D. needn’ t leave 6. The children lost in the woods; otherwise, they would have been at the lakeside camp as scheduled. A. must have got B. must get C. should have got D. should get C. wouldn ’t have enjoyed 7. I ________ myself more— it was a perfect day. A. shouldn’t have enjoyed B. needn’t have enjoyed D. couldn’t have enjoyed
一、单词拼写 1． You should not i__________your mistakes if you want to make greater progress. 2． Life is made up of a s__________of choices. When you choose a different choice ， you will have a different way. 3． Children should spend more time taking e xercise o__________ and less time watching TV at home. 4． What__________(使心烦 ) me was not what he said but the way he said it. 5． When he travels with his friends， his mother is always__________(关心的 )about his safety. 6．Try not to begin judging anything about the idea until you have understood it________(完 全地 ). 7． At first I d__________with his suggestion， but later I changed my mind and agreed. 8． I’m really g__________ for everything you’ve done for me. 9． Belinda knows Japan really well. Perhaps she could give us a few t__________. 10． I think__________(十几岁的青少年 )have similar tastes in dress. 11． Within a few days Mary had become seriously ill， __________(遭受 )great pain. 12． To tell the truth， that’s __________(确切地 ) what I wanted. 13． After a few days of fever， he began to __________(恢复 ). 14． He didn’t pass the exam， so he looked very__________(心烦意乱的 ). 二、完成句子 1． I ________ ________ the students' papers last night. 昨天晚上我仔细阅读了学生们的试卷。 2． Why not ________ ________ our discussion? 为什么不加入我们的讨论呢？ 3． We are all ________ ________ her safety. 我们大家都很担心她的安全。 4． They ________ ________ ________ ________ each other at first sight.
他们一见钟情。 5． I need to find a chance to have a talk with my parents ________ ________ ________. 我需要找一个机会与父母面对面地谈一下。 IV.单项选择 1． I am slowly ________ my strength after the flu. A． recovering A． made a decision field. A． strongly B．freely C．entirely D． extremely 4． The meeting was concerned ______ reforms and everyone present was concerned ________ their own interests. A． with；for mountain village. A． got through B． went through C． lived up to D． went against D． too heavy much 6． Alien had to call a taxi because the box was ________ to carry all the way home. A． much too heavy A．enjoys B． too much heavy C． likes C． heavy too much 7． The girl ________ to go with us rather than stay at home. B． prefers D． would 8． —Did he break it accidentally? —No， ________. A． by himself B． by chance C． on purpose D． by mistake 9． That year his total income， with his reward ________， ________ 12,000 yuan. A． added to； added up to B． added； added to C． added up to； added D． adds to； adds up to 10． The reporter has written ________ articles about air pollution hoping to call the attention of all people to the problem. A． a series of B． a great deal of C． a plenty of D． a large amount of B． with； with C．for； about D． about； with 5． We were surprised by what the little girl ________ after she was cheated and sold to the B． covering C． reserving D． rescuing D． broken up 2． The two sides have finally ________，though some small differences still exist. B． reached an agreement C． settled down 3. She devoted herself ________ to her research and it earned her a good reputation in her