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THE PACE OF LIFE



UNIT 6
THE PACE OF LIFE

Warm-up Activity: discussion
Compared with the pace of life 15/150/1500 years ago, what do you think of the pace of life today?

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TEXT A Old Father Time Becomes a Terror

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What has old father time presented to us?

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Strength & power

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Speed & facility

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A perpetual dream of humankind:

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I believe I can fly! I believe I can touch the sky!

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What is the function of technology in our daily life? Do people enjoy more leisure time with the help of technological development?

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Along with the development of science and technology, people are living a faster life than ever before, but a lot of new phenomena emerge to the foreground as well. Nowadays, people are familiar with such things as pressure/stress; workaholic; depression…
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Having brought us so many fantastic facilities, technological advancement, a never fulfilled dream of mankind, also brings inconvenience, troubles, and even disasters to us in a secret way!
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In this editorial article, the author outlined the problem of the pressure of time with novelty: how recent technological developments have increased the pressure of time.

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Richard Tomkins, British journalist, consumer industries editor of the Financial Times

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Text Organization
The text can be divided into four parts. 1.The issue under discussion is put forward and reasoned. 2.The other side of the issue is given. 3.People’s reactions to this are listed. 4. A probable solution is suggested.
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idleness(L3): n.
idle: adj. & vi. : a factory is idle /someone is idle to idle away one’s time/days ideal: She will be an ideal wife. idol: the Hollywood film idols

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innovation (L4): n.
What is the latest innovation in computer industry? a daring innovation innovate: v. innovative: adj. innovator: n.
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bewilder (L15): vt. puzzle; confuse
bewilder: 使…混乱 使…着慌 使…发愣 语 混乱, 着慌, 发愣; 混乱 着慌 发愣 气最重, 气最重 表示糊涂到无法思考的地步 confuse: 使…混乱 使…糊涂 强调因使人因 混乱, 糊涂; 混乱 糊涂 混淆而迷乱 embarrass: 使…困惑 使 …窘迫 使…为难 困惑, 窘迫, 为难; 困惑 窘迫 为难 含另人不快、 含另人不快、难为情和内心混乱的意思 puzzle: 使…..迷惑 指难于理解某一复杂的事 迷惑; 迷惑 件或困难 的问题
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eat into (L 16): gradually reduce the amount of; damage or destroy
Responsibilities at home and work eat into his time. The high cost of living in Beijing is eating into my savings.

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convention (L14): n.
(1)conference of members of a profession, political party 大会;会议;年会 大会;会议; the Democratic Party Convention (2)generally accepted social behavior 惯例 常规 惯例;常规 In China, it’s a convention to wear white at funerals. (3)a formal agreement between country leaders, politicians and states 公约 协议 公约;协议 The Geneva Convention
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*conventional: adj. 普通的 习惯的 普通的;习惯的 习惯的; 常规的;传统的 传统的;守旧的 常规的 传统的 守旧的
常规武器 conventional weapons mass destructive weapons 大规模杀伤性武器 conventional behavior/attitudes/medicine Old people tend to be conventional in clothes. *unconventional
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Technology apart (L 27): 除了科技 之外
Good looks apart 除了她的美丽容 ___________________ (除了她的美丽容 貌),there is a quality about her that makes her stand out from all the other girls in the class.

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fraction (L 31): n. a small part, bit, amount or proportion
Although sexual and violent crimes have increased dramatically, they remain a tiny/small fraction of the total number of crimes committed each year.

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pour in (L 33): to flow in quickly and in large numbers
整个上午人群不停地涌入(广场 。 整个上午人群不停地涌入 广场)。 广场

Crowds poured in/into the square all the morning.
大雨不停地下。 大雨不停地下。

The rain poured down steadily. The crowds were pouring out of the football ground.
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proliferate (L 35): vi. (formal) increase rapidly in numbers; produce new growth or offspring rapidly
Small businesses have proliferated in the last decade. The past two years have seen the proliferation of TV channels. Shakespeare was a prolific playwright. Rabbits and rats are prolific.
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honorary (L 38): adj. given as an honor
He received an honorary doctorate from Tsinghua University. hono(u)rable: adj. honest and fair, worth respect He is an honorable man/ descended from an honorable family.

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frontier (L 41): n. border between two
countries; (usu. pl.) the limits of what is known Some of the frontier between German and Poland follows the course of the River Oder. Nepal has frontiers with both India and China. a town on the frontier the frontiers of science and technology
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prosperity (L 43): n. state of being economically successful; state of being successful and rich
A country’s future prosperity depends largely on the quality of education of its people. to boost/foster/promote economic prosperity In a prosperous country like this, no one should go hungry.
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oblige (L 45): v. do sth. for (sb.) as a favor or small service
We only went to the party to oblige some old friends who especially asked us to be there. He found an obliging doctor who gave him the drugs he needed. * The law obliges companies to pay decent wages to their employees.
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abundance (L 46): n. quantity that is more than enough; plenty
There was an abundance of wine at the wedding. We had wine in abundance. The fishermen found a river abundant in salmon. You’ve made your feelings abundantly clear.

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nurture (L 76): vi. care for and educate (a child)
She wants to stay at home and nurture her children. It is evidently a carefully nurtured garden. As a record company director, his job is to nurture young talent. Which do you believe has the strongest influence on how children develop — nature or nurture?
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nurse: vt. & n./nursery: n. & adj. nourish: vt. Mothers have 6 weeks off from work to nurse their new-born babies. He nursed a hope that he would succeed. He nursed his sister through the exam. Fertilizer nourishes the earth. He nourishes a deep affection for her.

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appliance (L 79) n. instrument or device for a specific purpose
electric/household/domestic appliances We store a wide range of domestic appliances, including fridges, freezers and dishwashers.

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provoke (L 85): vt. cause (sth.) to occur or arouse (a feeling, etc.)
Chen Shuibian’s behavior has provoked general rage/the public to anger. Don’t try to provoke the teacher into losing his temper. --- thought-provoking: adj.

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provoke /irritate 这两个词常常可以互换: 这两个词常常可以互换: That noise provoked/irritated me. Provoke: 除人,还可以是动物等 除人, If you provoke the dog, it will bite you. Irritate:宾语只能是人 :宾语只能是人.

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in favor of (L 100): believing in or choosing; on the side of
Are you in favor of early marriage? He turned down a university vacancy in favor of a political career.

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confine (L 115): n. (usu. pl.) boundaries; limits; borders
This is outside the confines of human knowledge. Let’s confine our discussion to the matter in question, please! By closing the infected universities, we’re hoping to confine the disease to the north of the region.

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Exercises

The book contained a large ____ of information. [考研 考研:90] 考研 A) deal C) number B) amount D) sum (money)

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As a way of _______ the mails while they were away, the Johnsons asked the cleaning lady to send little printed slips asking the senders to write again later. [考研:99] 考研: 考研 A) picking up B) coping with C) passing out D) getting across
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Texas, the second largest state of America, is _______ in natural resources. [CET-6] A) wealthy C) scattered B) abundant D) deposited

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The United States is trying to _______ the serious problems created by the energy crisis. [CET-6: 1996.1] A) put up with B) submit to C) comply with D) cope with

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Anyone caught _________ an offense will be punished. A) committing B) conducting C) executing D) performing

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While in London, we paid a visit to the hospital founded ___________ the nurse Florence Nightingale.

[CET-6: 93]
A) in line with C) in honor of
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B) in favor of D) in place of
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The plants are in a(n) _______ plastic box, so the children can observe how the roots grow with time. A) appropriate C) transparent B) evident D) waterproof

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The United Nations was supposed to __________ the role of global peace-keeper.

A) contend C) carve

B) nurture D) undertake

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Having decided to rent a flat, we _______ contacting all the accommodation agencies in the city.[CET-4: 98] A) set about C) set out B) set down D) set up

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She opened the packet and empted its ________ into saucepan. A) contents C) consent B) content D) contend

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The destruction of the Twin Towers in New York City _______ shock and anger throughout the world. A) provoked C) tempted B) summoned D) enveloped

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His total worldly possessions ________ little more than the clothes he stood up in. A) amounted to C) turned up B) settled for D) came at

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The river water was ________ from its old course into a new channel where they were building the dam. A) turned C) shifted
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B) switch D) diverted
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He runs three miles every morning; that’s why he’s so ____. A) well C) sound B) healthy D) fit

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Many social problems are caused by uneven ________ of wealth. A) equality C) distribution B) justice D) volume

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Assignment

ENJOY YOUR HOLIDAY & HAVE A GOOD TIME!
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