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book5 unit5 Warming up and Reading 课件


Unit 5

First aid

drowned

mouth-to-mouth method
人工呼吸

The help given to some one who is hurt/ injured suddenly before a doctor can be found is

called

What is first aid?
> First aid is the kind of_____ help given to
someone who suddenly ______ falls ill or gets

______ injured before a doctor can be found.
Often the illness or injury is not _________, serious

but there are other _________ times when giving
first aid quickly will ____________. save one’s life

First aid is very important in our everyday life

accidents

Nowadays there are a lot of accidents in our daily life. What would you do in such situations?

Do you know how to treat for …
a snake bite √1 Lay the victim(受害者) and keep him still(静止的). 2 Wash the venom(毒液) off the skin. X 3 Apply pressure to the bitten area with √ your hands, and then with a bandage firmly over the bite(咬伤口)

Sprained ankle

reduce the swelling(肿胀). √2 Put a firm bandage around the foot and ankle.

1 Put warm water on the ankle to X

Choking

heavily on her back. √2 If he can’t cough and is turning blue in the face, hit him between the shoulder blades(肩胛) with the flat of hand (掌心) three or four time.

1 If the person can cough, slap(拍) X

How to treat when get burned?

To treat a burn, you: A. Rub(擦)some butter on it.

B. Hold the burnt part under cold running water. C. Put salt on the burnt part.

Important Numbers

120 119 110

Emergency medical service
Fire department Police department

Prereading

What has happened? The girl has pulled boiling water onto herself. Can you guess what will happen to the girl? She will get bad burns.

How will her mother deal with the burn?

Cool the area of skin; wash it under the cold running water. Cover the wound with bandage/clean cloth. See a doctor if necessary.

READING

First Aid for burns

Fast Reading
> In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from 1 to 5.

3 _____ the three types of burns 5 _____ what to do if someone gets burned
1 _____ the purpose of skin 4 _____ the symptoms of burns 2 _____ how we get burns

The skin is the largest organ, and also very essential the top layer

The three l ayers of skin

the second layer

the third layer tissue under the skin

nerve

What can skin do for our body ? 1.Protect you against diseases, ______________________________ poisons and the sun’s harmful rays. ______________________________
_______________________ 2.Keep you warm or cool. 3.Prevent you from losing water. ____________________________ __________________________ 4. You can feel cold, heat or pain. _________________________ 5.Give you sense of touch.

R a i e d

CAUSES of burns (P2)
hot l iquids steam

fire

c hemicals

n radiation g

H2SO4 Sun

different t ypes

of burns

×

Types & characteristics of burns
1. Types 2. Characteristics
Dry, red

First degree burns
Second degree burns Third degree burns

Affect the

Mildly _______

Turn white
when

layer and mildly painful. top______
of the skin. swollen ______.
Affect both ________, Rough Extremely top & the ____ red and painful. second the ______ swollen. layer.

pressed ______. Blisters ________,
watery surface

all Swollen; Affect_____ ______ Little or Black and ________ three tissue can ____ ______ no pain. white and layers of charred _______. be seen. the skin.

According to the form above, label these
pictures with first degree burns, second

degree burns and third degree burns.

second degree burns third degree burns first degree burns

True or False:

Treatment

1. If you are burned, you must remove clothing even if it is stuck to the burn F unless 2. We shouldn’t rub the burns.

T

3. Sometimes, we can put oil or ointments on burns to stop the infection. F 4. We should make sure the bandage won’t stick to the skin when it is used. T 5. If burns are on the face, we should make sit up the victim lie down. F

Summary of first aid treatment
How will her mother deal with the burn? 1. ________ Take off clothing and jewellery near the burns.

2. ______ Cool the burns with cool water.
3. ______ Place cool, clean wet cloths on the burns. 4. ______ Dry the burned area gently.

Cover the burned area with a dry clean bandage. 5. ______ Keep the burned area higher 6. ______ ______ than the heart, if
possible.

to 7. ______ doctor or hospital, if Get the victim ____the
possible.

Why should we cool the burn with cool water but not icy water?
too icy stimulating (刺激的) unbearable

Answer the questions
1. Why should you put cold water on a burn?

2. Why doesn’t a third degree burn hurt?
3. Why do you think clothes and jewellery near burns should be removed?

Time: February 15, 2008 Place: Cheng Shuai Hotel in Yi Ting

Suggestions of the expert

First, Get familiar with the surroundings as soon as you reach a public place. Hotel Second, If a fire breaks out, please stay calm and Fire don’t try to save the things in the room. Third, use stairs instead of the lift What’s more, don’t try jumping down from the building easily Besides, Slowly open the door after feeling it first Moreover, cover your nose and mouth with a piece of wet towel; crawl along the walls to the exit

thank you, bye~


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