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How to Write a Summary for Narration


How to Write a Summary for Narration --读写任务之记叙文的概括
真题重现(2013 十校联考) Augest6,2012 Sunny Half of my summer vocation has passed. It ’s supposed to be the time for me , a senior-one student,

to relax, read novels, chat with friends and, anyway, not to worry about getting up at 7a.m. for class. Even before the vocation, I had been arranged to attend different “enrichment” classes to improve my main subject. My mum did ask for my opinion whether I would like to go to such classed. But could I refuse? My negative reply would cause a long persuasion, which I would not face. Besides, the teachers made summer homework lists as we were sent off for vocation. The reason sounds persuasive--- to keep us studying during the long break so we wouldn’t forget our lessons. I found that the joy of my summer vocation had been stolen. But do I blame my mum or my teachers? Of course not. Though I don’t like listening to my mum’s lessons about society competition, I still understand that I should do well in study. What bothers me is that I don’t feel like sitting in the classroom focusing my mind on the teachers’ lectures. My mind is staying outdoors, tasting the freedom of the blue sky, the power of sunshine and the comfort of gentle wind? not only scores or certificates. Criteria for evaluating a summary 概括部分 5 分,评分标准见下表: 5 按照要求概括了全部主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息, 没有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 概 4 基本按照要求概括了主要信息,没有增加与原文无关的信息, 没有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确,行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了主要信息,但包含了一些不相关的信息, 有个别句子抄自原文。语言结构基本正确,行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括主要信息,包括较多不相关的信息,有较多 的抄袭。语言结构不准确,行文不够规范。 没有按照要求概括主要信息,基本是不相关的信息,大多数句 子都抄自原文。语言结构不准确,行文不规范。

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Para1: Half of my summer vocation has passed. It’s supposed to be the time for me , a senior-one student, to relax, read novels, chat with friends and, anyway, not to worry about getting up at 7a.m. for class.
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Summary: Skills: Para2: Even before the vocation, I had been arranged to attend different “enrichment” classes to improve my main subject. My mum did ask for my opinion whether I would like to go to such classes. But could I refuse? My negative reply would cause a long persuasion, which I would not face. Summary: Para3: Besides, the teachers made summer homework lists as we were sent off for vocation. The reason sounds persuasive--- to keep us studying during the long break so we wouldn’t forget our lessons. Summary: Skills: Para4: I found that the joy of my summer vocation had been stolen. But do I blame my mum or my teachers? Of course not. Though I don’t like listening to my mum’s lessons about society competition, I still understand that I should do well in study. What bothers me is that I don’ t feel like sitting in the classroom focusing my mind on the teachers’ lectures. My mind is staying outdoors, tasting the freedom of the blue sky, the power of sunshine and the comfort of gentle wind? not only scores or certificates. Summary: Skills: Summary Writing for Narration Styles Functions Main factors (体裁) (功能) (主要要素) Narration (记叙文) describe a person or an event, (with afterthoughts)

One Possible Version: Passage 1(2010 茂名一模) A little boy is telling his Grandma how "everything" is going wrong. School, family problems, severe health problems, etc. Meanwhile, Grandma is baking a cake. She asks her grandson if he would like a cake, which, of course, he does. "Here, have some cooking oil." "Terrible!" says the boy. "How about a couple raw eggs?" " Terrible! Grandma!" "Would you like some flour then? Or maybe baking soda?" "Grandma, those are all awful!" To which Grandma replies: “Yes, all those things seem bad by themselves, but when they are put together in the right way, they make a wonderfully delicious cake! Life works the same way. The trials(考验) of life serve a meaningful purpose in making us stronger.” Do not lose heart if life is not easy for you right now, but
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encourage yourself and know you will be much stronger mentally and physically because of the trials of life. ” Find out the main factors. Who : What happened? The result: What can you learn from the story? Paraphrase the main factors A little boy is telling his Grandma how "everything" is going wrong. The trials(考验) of life serve a meaningful purpose in making us stronger. Join the main factors together A boy _________ about difficulties in life. His grandmother, who _______ that a cake tasted delicious but its ____________tasted awful,________ him that the________ of life make people_________. Tips: 1.focus: Who + what + the lesson (at the end) 2.Use general(概括性) words instead of specific(具体的) words ) 3. add some conjunctions to make it coherent. Can you score the summaries? 1. I felt upset because I had been arranged to attend different “enrichment” classes and the teachers made summer homework lists. My mind is staying outdoors. Problems : 2. As the summer vocation came, the student had to take part in enrichment classes and finish lots of homework, so he had no time to relax himself, read novels or chat with friends. Problems : Group work: evaluation Work in groups of six Write down a summary for Passage 2 and judge the summaries in your group. Choose the best one and give your reason. Conclusion :Learning tips for writing a summary Dos: 1. Find out the topic sentence. 2. Paraphrase the topic sentence. 3. Draw the main idea yourself if there is no topic sentence. 4. Omit the details (examples, repetitions & specific words) 5. Write it in about 30 words 6. Write it in the third person and proper tense. 7. Remember to add some conjunctions to make it coherent(连贯的). 8. Use general words instead of specific words. Don’ts: 1. Don’t include your own opinion.
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2. Don’t copy the original sentences. 实践练习
Text 1

One morning, Mr Hare was running on the road. Suddenly he saw Mr Tortoise, who was also running on the road towards him. Mr Hare ran up to Mr Tortoise and laughed at him. Mr Tortoise got angry and wouldn't take failure lying down, so he suggested having a race to see who could first get to the big tall tree by the roadsides. Mr Hare agreed with him without hesitation. The race began. Mr Hare and Mr tortoise started from the same line at the same time. When Mr Hare was far ahead of Mr Tortoise and even couldn't see Mr Tortoise, he thought that Mr Tortoise fell behind and couldn't catch up with him. So he stopped and lay down to have a nap. But soon he fell asleep. At the same time, Mr Tortoise kept on running and running. When Mr Hare woke up, he found Mr Tortoise had already sat under the tree and was smiling at him! [写作内容] 1)以大约 30 个词概括短文的要点; 2)以大约 120 个词写一篇记叙文,描写你或你的朋友因骄傲而落后的一次经 历,并包含以下内容: a)谈谈这则故事给人们的启示; b)叙述你或你的朋友因骄傲而落后的一次真实或虚构的经历; c)谈谈这次经历对你或你的朋友思想态度的影响。 Text 2 Last weekend, when I was taking the elevator in my apartment building, a man with a large dog came in. The dog seemed very fierce and kept barking at me. What is more serious is that it was not bound to any rope. The big dog licked my shoes and I was really frightened. However, the owner was not regretful at all and he even didn’t say sorry to me. I was really angry about the uncivilized behaviour. While it is true that people have right to keep pets, they still have to consider other people’s feelings. For example, when they walk the dog outside, they, at least, have to bind the dog to a rope and keep it under control. As I know, in some western countries, it is illegal to walk the dog without a rope to bind it . I think measures should be taken to prevent this kind of uncivilized things happening again. Summary :____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________

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Text1 The folktale mainly tells us that in a race Mr Hare proudly thought he would be sure to beat Mr Tortoise and so he lay down to have a nap. As a result, he lost the race.
Text 2 Having suffered the fright of a big dog from a stranger, who behaved extremely impolitely, the author strongly argued for the prevention of this bad-mannered behaviour.

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