主动式 (do) 现在时态：一般现在时 do/does 现在进行时 am/is/are doing 现在完成时 have/has done 过去时态：一般过去时 -ed/did 过去进行时 was/were doing 过去完成时 had done 将来时： 一般将来时 will do 过去将来时 would do 被动式（be done） 现在时态：一
般现在时 is/are done 现在进行时 am/is/are being done 现在完成时 have/has been done 过去时态：一般过去时 was/were done 过去进行时 was/were being done 过去完成时 had been done 将来时： 一般将来时 will be done 过去将来时 would be done
(一)Tense（时态） I.现在五时 1.一般现在时 do/does,am/is/are (1)客观规律： The earth turns around the sun. （2）交通时刻表：The plane leaves at 4 o’clock. （ 3 ）日程安排表： Our headmaster meets the foreign guests at 2 tomorrow afternoon. (4)现在的情况：My watch doesn’t work.我的表坏了。 （5）倒装 Here.Threre Here comes a bus.=A bus is coming. Here he comes. 注意：My watch won’t work.我的表总是坏的。(本句是现在时 will 是情态 动词表习惯) (6)在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中表示将来 I’ll go if you come tomorrow. 如果你将来 注意： If you will come, I will be very happy.如果你愿意来(现在时 will 是情 态动词表意愿) 2.现在进行时 am/is/are+doing (1)强调现在时间里正在进行的动作：He is writing a composition. (2)瞬间动词用于进行时态表将来：He is leaving.他将离开 (3)be always doing 总是干(表强烈情感)：You are always making trouble. mustn't always be doing 千万不要总是干：You mustn’t always be playing computer games. (4)be being 正表现：---Is Jack still that naughty? ---Not always. Look! He is being a good boy. 3.现在将来时 (1)will/shall do 将干(主观)：Our teacher is ill, and I will go to see him. (2)be going to do 早打算干(主观)：What are you going to do when you grow up? (3)be about to do （…when…） =be on the point of doing…when…即将干(不能 跟具体时间) (主观) ,正要做。 。 。这时。 。 。 。 He is about to leave. He was about to go to bed when the phone rang. (4)be (due, bound, supposed) to do 不可变的计划、命中注定、强烈愿望、应该
We are to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. 4.现在完成时 have /has done (1)到现在为止(发生在过去持续到现在)： I have waited for you 2 hours. (2)对现在有影响(发生结束在过去≠过去时) ---Where have you put the book? I want to use it. （有影响） ---I put it on the desk, but it’s gone now.（无影响） (3)在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中表示将来完成 I won’t believe you until I have seen you in the bottle with my eyes. 直到我亲眼将已看到你在瓶子里我才相信你。 5.现在完成进行时 have /has been doing 到现在为止且正干 It has been raining for 2 days and I don’t know when it will stop. II.过去五时 1.一般过去时 did ; was (were) I never thought you would come. I didn’t recognize you. 2.过去进行时：was (were) doing 见现在进行时 Sorry, I wasn’t listening (noticing). 3.过去将来时：见现在将来时 4.过去完成时：had done (1)到过去为止(必须有过去动作或时间作为前提) They had passed several villages before they got to school. (2)希望,计划,打算,认为等动词用于过去完成时表示过去未实现的希望计划打 算等。 (hope, think, plan, want, mean, intend, suppose…) I had hoped to see you yesterday, but I was busy. 本希望 5.过去完成进行时：had been doing 到过去为止且正干 My lost daughter had been crying long when I found her in the crowd. III.将来两时 1.将来进行时：wll be doing 将正干(与将来时时间状语相同,强调正干) I will be sleeping at 8 this evening. 2.将来完成时：will have done 将已干(到将来某时为止) I will have mastered English well by the time I graduate from university. IV.灵活运用时态 1.主句为过去五时之一时，宾语从句必须过去五时之一，客观规律除外 (1) I didn’t know you would come. (2) He told me the earth circles the sun. 2..before, after, as soon as 等连词本身表示时间先后，不必用完成时表示先后。 He learned English before he came to school. He had supper after he took a shower. He began to read English as soon as he got to school. 3.It is the second time (that) he has met Tom. It was the second time (that) he had met Tom. It will be the last time (that) I will give you a lesson. I still remember that was the first time I have played a part in a film.
4.It is the best film (that) I have ever seen. It was the best film (that) I had ever seen. I think it was the best film (that) I have ever seen 5.By the time he was 14 years old , he had mastered English well. By the time I got on, the bus was already rather crowded. By the time I heard his angry voice on the phone, I sensed I would be beaten. 6.It will be 3 years before he leaves school.还有三年他就要毕业。 7.(1)It is (has been) 3 years since he joined the army.(干了)他参军三年了。 （到现在 为止） It is (has been) 3 years since he was in the army.(没干)他退伍三年了。 （到现 在为止） (2)It was (had been)5 years since he had left.他离开五年了。(干了)（到过去为止） It was(had been) 5 years since he had smoked.他戒烟五年了。(没干)（到过 去为止） (二)Passive Voice（被动语态） 连系动词+ done 都是被动。 1.被动的延续性和非延续性由连系动词决定。 如：get done（非延续动词） ；be done（延续动词） ；remain done（延续动词） 2.被动的时态由主动的时态相应变化 如：be being done 正被干；be to be done 将被干；have/had been done 已被干 3.以下重点词只有主动，谓语非谓语皆如此： (1) remain 依然是；仍然停留；被留下：I don’t like what remains of the apple. (2) belong to sb 属于：The book belongs to me. (3) last 持续：The meeting will last 2 hours. (4) take place ,break out, burst forth , occur ,happen ,go on ,come about 发生： Great changes have taken place since liberation. 4.以下重点词主被动看具体情况，谓语非谓语皆如此： (1)prove, look, smell, sound, feel, taste …以上词为连系动词时只有主动 被证明是(只有主动)：What he said proved (to be) sound.他的话被证明是可 靠的。 证明：The theory was proved by some students.理论被一些学生证明了。 (2)sell ,wash, read, write, wear, keep, cook, open…表属性或特征只有主动，表 动作有被动 The book sells well, and all the books have been sold out. (3)spread 蔓延:The fire spread wildly across the village. (只有主动) 传播:The news (was) spread throughout the school. (主被动皆可) (4)blame 责备: You are to blame.你该受责备。(只有主动) 责备:I was blamed by my father.我被爸爸责备了。 (5)hang 悬挂:My cap is hanging from the tree. (hung, hung 只有主动) 绞死:The spy was hanged at sunrise. (hanged,hanged) (6)burn 燃烧: The sun/light/stove is burning hot. (只有主动) 烧毁:A house was burned.房子被烧了。 (7)fix (focus)集中,聚焦: One’s eyes be fixed upon(on) sth.=Sb. fix one's eyes on(upon)sth. His eyes were fixed upon the book.他注视着书。
(8)impress 留下印象：Sb. be impressed with sth. = Sth. impress sb. Foreign guests were impressed with rapid development in China. 5.以下三词动词有两种被动： Good use must be made of time to study.=Time must be made good use of to study. make use of =take advantage of 利用； pay attention to =take notice of 注意 catch sight (a glimpse) of 突然看见； put an end to 结束 set fire to 放火烧 make a fool of 嘲弄，欺骗 take care of 照顾； take hold of 抓住 turn a deaf ear to 对…根本不听 keep an eye on (1)照看；(2)密切注视；
1. I___________ (teach) here for ten years since I finished school. 2. Would you mind me __________ (use) your bike? 3. The students of Class Two___________ (sweep) their classroom now. 4. The Whites____________ (not listen) to the radio at that time. 5. The radio__________ (use) once in a week in our class. It____________ (not use) yesterday because there was something wrong with it. 6. How long ______you_______ (live) in this town? 7. You _______ (come) here last year, ______ you? 8. ----When ______ you______ (see) him? ----I______ (see) him last Sunday. 9. She said that the car___________ (use) the next week. 10. I didn't know what __________ (happen) to China in a century. 11. When I got to the station, the train ____ already ______ (leave). 12. The stone bridge______________ (build) in our hometown for ten years. 13. The desk must ______ (clean) once a day. 14. The dog _________ (lie) on the floor when I came in. 15. It _________(rain) heavily when I got home. 16. Her mother____________ (cook) at this time yesterday. 17. The students _____________ (do) their homework. . __________ (not make) any noise! 18. ----______ you ever_______ (be) to Beijing? ----Yes. I________ (go) there last week. 19. He'll telephone us as soon as he _________ (arrive) there. 20. Jiefang trucks____________ (make) in Changchun. 21. A pen is used for__________ (write). 22. All that must ________ (do) has been done. 23 .My friend can't decide which pair of trousers____________ (choose). So she asked me to go shopping with her. 24. The old man often_________ (tell) the children a story in the evening. This evening he ________ (tell) two stories. 巩固与加强 1、I’ll give the book to him as soon as he ________ back.（come） 2、Has the baby ________ crying yet? (stop) 3、I don’ t know whether Mother __________ me to Beijing next month.(take) 4、She _______ on her coat and went out. (put) 5、 “What are they doing?” “They __________ ready for the sports meeting.” (get) 6、Will you please ___________ (come) here on time next time. 7、I don’t think that it ___________ (rain) tomorrow.
8、It ________ (take) him half an hour _______ (finish) his homework yesterday. 9、If it ________ an interesting film, we’ll see it tomorrow. (be) 10、They usually ________ (do) their homework after supper. 11、Listen! Who _____________(sing) in the next room now? 12、__________(be) your parents in Shanghai last year? 13、Mr. Yu _____________(teach) us maths since 1982. 14、They will have a trip to the Great Wall if it _________ (not rain) tomorrow. 15、Li Ming often _________ (listen) to the radio in the morning. 16、A: “Father, may I go out and play football?” B: “_____you ____(do) your homework?” 17、 All the people in the town are glad ______(hear) that a famous musician ___ a concert this Saturday evening.( give) 18、Our teacher told us if it _____(not snow) we would visit the Science Museum the next day. 19、They often _______ (play) football in the afternoon. 20、A: What’re you doing Dad? B: I _______ (mend) the radio. 21、Let’s _______(carry) the boxes to the house. 22、Yesterday she ______ (want) very much to see the film, but she couldn’t __(get) a ticket. 23、I _________(write) to you as soon as I get to Shanghai. 24、Mike ___________(visit) several places since he came to Beijing. 25、He ___________ (write) four letters to his wife every month. 26、Don’ t make any noise, Grandma ___________ (sleep). 27、His aunt ___________ (do) some cooking when he came in . 28、When they ___________ (reach) the station, the train had already left. 29、There ___________ (be) a meeting next Monday. 30、We ___________ (know) each other since our boyhood. 31、Sometimes my father ___________ (come) back home late. 32、They ___________ (have) an English evening next week. 33、Why not ___________ (go) there on foot? 34、Wei Fang isn’t here. She ___________ (go) to the reading-room. 35、The story ___________ (happen) long ago. 36、They ___________ (visit) the History Museum last week. 37、Zhang Hong ___________ (make) many friends since she came to Paris. 38、She ___________ (go) to the cinema with her classmates tomorrow evening. 39、Stay here, bag. Don’t go out. It ___________(rain) now. 40、Li Ping___________ (write) a composition every week. 41、The scientist ___________ (give) us a talk yesterday. 42、My parents ___________ (live) in Beijing since 1949. 43、Look! The young worker___________ (show) the students around the factory now. 44、They ___________ (build) a new bridge over the river next year. 45、The students___________ (clean) their classroom tomorrow. 46、The windows of our lab ___________ (clean) once a week. 47、Our teacher ___________ (join) the party twenty years ago. 48、The boys___________ (have) a basketball match now. Let’s ___(go) and _____(watch). 49、She___________ (work) in this factory for ten years. 50、 “What makes you ___________ (think) I’m a farmer?” the Frenchman asked.
51、 ----“You ___________ (hear) from your uncle recently?” ----“Yes, I _____ just ______ (get) a letter from him.” 52、They are busy ___________ (clean) their classroom. 53、It ___________ (snow) hard now. You’d better ___________ (stay) at home. 54、Li Ping usually ___________ (watch) TV after supper. 55、Hurry up or we ___________ (be) late for class. 动词时态单选题： 1. —Lucy is not coming tonight. —But she ___! A. had promised B. will promise C.H as promised D. promises 2. —Your phone number again? I _____ quite catch it. —It’s 89703388. A. don’t B. can’t C. couldn’t D. didn’t 3. She _____ her pen in her room now. A. finds B. is finding C. looks for D. is looking for 4. What _____ you _____ tomorrow morning? A. are/going to do B. are/doing C. are/done D. have/done 5. It was not long before the water _____ cold. A. is feeling B. feels C. felt D. was feeling 6. I _____ as soon as you come back. A. went B. have gone C. am going D. shall go 7. The scientist _____ Canada and he will give us a talk when he _____ back. A. has gone to/comes B. has been to/will come C. has gone to/will come D. has been to/comes 8. He found his book this morning, but now he _____ his pen. A. loses B. is missing C. has lost D. lost 9. She ___? _ to her hometown several times. A. has been B. has gone C. went D. is going 10. It _____ Jane and Mary who helped me the other day. A. is B. was C. are D. were 11. I _____ to bed when the telephone rang. A. have been B. went C. am going D. was going 12. Jane _____ some washing this time yesterday. A. is doing B. had done C. was doing D. did 13. When I got to the school, the first class _____. A. had begun B. began C. is beginning D. has begun 14. Mother promised she _____ me an English-Chinese dictionary. A. is buying B. will buy C. would buy D. has bought 15. —Is this raincoat yours? —No, mine _____ there behind the door. A. hangs B. is hanging C. has hung D. is hanged 16. If it _____, we will go to visit the zoo. A. not rains B. doesn’t rain C. won’t rain D. isn’t going to rain 17. Our English teacher _____ all the exercise books last Friday evening. A. has corrected B. will correct C. had corrected D. corrected
18. —What are you doing under the table? —I _____ to find my watch. A. tried B. try C. am trying D. have tried 19. There _____ an English evening party next Saturday. A. is going to be B. will have C. is to have D. is going to have 20. Lily _____ a book about China last month but I don’t know whether she has finished it. A. wrote B. had written C. is writing D. was writing 21. Continue heating until steam _____. A. has appeared B. appear C. appeared D. will appear 22. I first met Lisa three years ago. She _____ at a radio shop at that time. A. has worked B. was working C. had been working D. had worked 23. I haven’t seen her _____. A. two weeks ago B. since two weeks C. for two weeks D. before two weeks 24. My brother _____ the Youth League since 1990. A. joined B. has been in C. has joined D. had joined 25. —Where is Peter? —He _____ to Shanghai. A. went B. had gone C. has been D. has gone 26. I knew I could not finish the homework _____. A. by the time he had come B. before he came C. until he has come D. when he comes 27. —I’m sorry to keep you waiting. —Oh, not at all. I _____ here only a few minutes. A. am B. was C. have been D. will be 28. I don’t work here; I _____ until a new secretary arrives. A. am just helping out B. just help out C. have just helped out D. will just help out
1—5 CDDAC 6—10 DACAB 11—15 DCACC 16—20 BDCAD 21—25 ABCBD 26—28 BAA
自测部分答案： 1. have taught 2. using 3. are sweeping 4. weren’t
listening 5. is used ,wasn’t used didn’t 6. have … lived 7. came …
8. did … see, saw 10. would happen 11. had … left
9. would be used 12. has been built 13. be cleaned was cooking 14.
17. are doing, Don’t make arrives 21. writing tell 巩固加强部分答案： 1. comes getting 2. stopped 6. come 20. 22. are made be done
18. Have … been, went
23. to choose 24.
3. will take
7. will rain singing 12.
8. took … to finish Were 14. doesn’t rain
13. has taught done
16. Have … 19. play
17. to hear … will give 21. carry 23. will write
18. didn’t snow
20. am mending 22. wanted , get writes
26. is sleeping 28. reached 29. will be 30. have known
27. was doing
31. comes 32. will have visited 37. has made 38. will go 39. is raining 40. writes 41. 33 .go 34. has gone 35. happened 36.
gave 42. have lived 43. is showing cleaned 47. 44. will build 45. will clean 46. are
joined 49. has worked 52. cleaning 50.think 51.
48. are having, go … watch have heard, have … got stay 54.watches
53. is snowing,
55. will be