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a large amount of 和 large amounts of的区别


a (large) quantiy of 和 (large) quantities of
a (large) quantiy of +不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数; (large) quantities of +不可数名词做主语,谓语动词用复数。

a large amount of 与 large amounts of 的区别
只不过都是 amount 是修饰不可数名词: a large amount of +不可数名词,谓语动词用单数; large amounts of+ 不可数 n 谓语动词用复数。

从 a huge amount of 和 large amounts of 说开去,兼谈 a quantity of 和 quantities of 的用法(转摘)

外 研 版选修 7 module3 里有 a huge amount of 词组。其用法为 :a large (great,good) amount of +不可数名词, 谓语动词一般用单数; (huge, 但 great, good)amounts of +不可数名词,作主语时,谓语动词要用复数。 A large amount of damage has beend one by the earth quake. Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge. 关于 a quantity of 和 quantities of 的用法: large quantity of 译为“许 “a 多,大量”其谓语由短语中的“quantity”形式决定。它是单数,不管修饰的是 什么样的词,一律用单数。如果是 quantities,则谓语全用复数。只与 quantity 的形式有关。 专家观点: 1. 徐广联在《大学英语语法讲座与测试》 (华东理工大学出版社)中表示, a quantity of 只能修饰不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。 A quantity of 间或也 可以修饰可数名词,例如, A quantity of baskets were on sale. 2. 张 怀 信 在 《 英 语高 考 活 用 图 解 辞 典 》 延 边 大 学 出 版 社 )中 讲 到 , a ( large/small quantity of 大量的 / 少量的 (可以修饰可数名词或不可数名词) , 例如, I need a large quantity of oil (apples). quantities of 大批的, 大量的,例如, Large quantities of polluted water are flowing into the sea. 该书所附〈语法祥解篇 --- 主谓一致〉还明确指出“在以上( a lot of, lots of, plenty of, a large quantity of + 名词)的词组后面的名词是中心 词,谓语动词根据后面的名词的数而定” 。 3 .顾南华在《中高级英语考试指南》 (华中工学院出版社)中说, a quantity of, quantities of 可跟可数名词与不可数名词 , 并举有三例: There is a

large quantity of milk. Great quantities of fish are caught on the high sea. Large quantities of water are needed for cooling purposes. 在 452 页讲到“ a quantity of + 不可数名词” ,谓语只用单数, quantities of + 可 “ 数与不可数名词” ,谓语要用复数。 4 .章振邦在《新编英语语法》 (上海译文出版社) 212 页中讲到, a quantity of 既可用于复数可数名词,也可用于不可数名词。例如 , A large quantity of flowers were heaped on the martyr’s tomb. A large quantity of beer was consumed. Quantities of food were on the table. 5. 刘锐诚在《学生使用英语高考必备》 (中国青年出版社)中认为, a quantity of + 名词 [C,U][+ 单或复数动词 ] , quantities of + 名词 [C,U] [+ 复数 动词 ] 。 6. 张鑫友在《英语语法难题新探(句法篇)(中国地质大学出版社) 529 页中 》 说,在 …a large quantity of… 等短语后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可 数名词。 在它们分别和其后的名词构成短语作主语时,其谓语动词通常跟 of 后 名词的具体情况而采用单数或复数形式。 综上所述,结论就是: 1 . a quantity of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词。在它们分别 和其后的名词构成短语作主语时, 其谓语动词通常看 of 后名词的具体情况而采 用单数或复数形式。如果是接不可数名词,则谓语用单数形式,如果是接复数可 数名词,则谓语通常要采用复数形式(※偶而接单数式谓语,属非规范用法,宜 慎用。 ) 2 . quantities of 后既可接复数可数名词,亦可接不可数名词 , 后面的谓语 都用复数形式。 举例证明: 1. On January 18, a large quantity of coloured photopaper, dried seafood, canned abalone, audio equipment and antibiotics worth HH$16million were found in four 40-foot containers, bound for… ( In brief--- China Daily, HK Edition, 20050122, P2) 2. Besides, a large quantity of mail bags were found. ( US nationals arrested for DVD piracy---China Daily, 20040731, P1) 3. An undetermined quantity of weapons and ammunition were also seized, the spokesman said. (Raid in karbala and shots fired in Baghdad ---China Daily, 2003102, P1) 4. …and a small quantity of dangerous drugs were seized. (Travel scheme causes concern in HK---China Daily, 20030822, P2)A 5. A quantity of fake certificates and official stamps were also seized. (Police seize 59 in major gang smash, 20030403) ※ 6 . “ …and a large quantity of drugs is reading different segments of society.” Wang said. (Zzzicit drug dealers executed----China Daily, 20030627, P2)


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