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VOC测试指导


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EVALUATION GUIDELINE FOR DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VO

C) CONTENT AND EMISSIONS OF ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS (EG105)
Effective date: October 1, 2008 (Editorially revised July 2009) Previous version: None
This evaluation guideline has been issued to provide interested parties with information on the requirements for obtaining an ICC-ES Verification of Attributes Report (VAR). An ICC-ES VAR provides independent verification of a manufacturer’s environmental claims and product attributes. This guideline addresses the production stage of the report subject, beginning with raw material acquisition through final manufacturing and packaging. This guideline is effective as of the date referenced above and may be amended from time to time. All VARs must comply with the guideline in effect on the date of issuance or reissuance of the report. Any technical changes to the guideline will be marked within the guideline. A solid vertical line (?) shall be placed in the margin within the guideline to indicate a technical change, addition, or deletion from the previous edition. A deletion indicator (?) shall be placed in the margin where wording has been deleted if the deletion involved a technical change. ICC-ES may consider alternate approaches to those contained in this guideline, provided the applicant submits valid data demonstrating that the alternate approach is at least equivalent to the requirements set forth in this guideline, subject to approval by ICC-ES staff. Notwithstanding that a product, material, or type or method of construction meets the requirements set forth in this guideline, or that it can be demonstrated that valid alternate guidelines are equivalent to the requirements in this document, ICC-ES retains the right to refuse to issue or renew a VAR, if the product, material, or type or method of construction is such that either unusual care with its installation or use must be exercised for satisfactory performance, or malfunctioning is apt to cause unreasonable property damage or personal injury or sickness relative to the benefits to be achieved by the use of the product, material, or type or method of construction.

Evaluation guidelines are developed for use solely by ICC-ES for purpose of issuing ICC-ES VARs.

Copyright ? 2008

EVALUATION GUIDELINE FOR DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) CONTENT AND EMISSIONS OF ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS (EG105)
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Purpose: This document provides a procedure for determination of the type and amount of volatile organic compound (VOC) content and emissions in adhesives and sealants for recognition in an ICC-ES Sustainable Attributes Verification and Evaluation, Verification of Attributes Report (VAR). 1.2 Scope: This document is limited to adhesives and sealants used inside buildings and applied on-site. Reports issued under this guideline address raw material acquisition and production stages. Life cycle assessment considerations are outside the scope of this guideline. Report users are responsible for determining compliance with applicable codes, standards and environmental regulations. 1.3 Reference Documents: 1.3.1 ASTM D 4457-02, Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 1,1,1Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph, ASTM International. 1.3.2 ASTM D 5116-06, Standard Guide for SmallScale Environmental Chamber Determinations of Organic Emissions from Indoor Materials/Products, ASTM International. 1.3.3 SCAQMD Method 302-91 (revised February 1993), Distillation of Solvents from Paints, Coatings and 1 Inks, South Coast Air Quality Management District . 1.3.4 SCAQMD Method 303-91 (revised February 1993), Determination of Exempt Compounds, South Coast 1 Air Quality Management District . 1.3.5 SCAQMD Method 304-91 (revised February 1996), Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) in Various Materials, South Coast Air Quality 1 Management District . 1.3.6 SCAQMD Method 316A-92 (revised October 1996), Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds VOC in Materials Used for Pipes and Fittings, South Coast Air 1 Quality Management District . 1.3.7 SCAQMD Method 316B-97, Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds VOC in Adhesive Containing Cyanoacrylates, South Coast Air Quality Management 1 District . 1.3.8 Standard Practice for the Testing of Volatile Organic Emissions from Various Sources Using SmallScale Environmental Chambers, CA/DHS/EHLB/R-174, 2 California Department of Health Services . 1.3.9 U.S. EPA Method 24, Determination of Volatile Matter Content, Water Content, Density, Volume Solids, and Weight Solids of Surface Coatings, United States 3 Environmental Protection Agency . 1.3.10 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Code of Federal Regulations - Title 40: Protection of 4 Environment, December 2005 (40 CFR 51.100) . 1.4 Terms and Definitions: 1.4.1 Total Volatile Organic Compound (TVOC): Sum of the concentrations of all identified and unidentified VOCs between and including n-pentane through nheptadecane (i.e., C5 – C17) as measured by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry total ion-current chromatogram method and expressed as a hydrocarbon equivalent value. 1.4.2 Volatile Organic Compound (VOC): Any compound of carbon, excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides or carbonates, and ammonium carbonate, which participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions, as defined in U.S. EPA 40 CFR 51.100. 1.4.3 Volatile Organic Compound Content (VOC Content): Mass of the VOC present in a coating material, as determined under specified conditions. 2.0 REQUIRED DATA 2.1 Product Description: Information on the product to be evaluated. The information shall include the product name, style, part or model number, physical description, and a production flowchart with respect to amount and type of VOC-emitting components, as well as the overall manufacturing process. Additionally, all relevant specifications must be provided for the product, the components and/or constituents used to manufacture the product, and the components used with the product in the final assembly. Specifications must be consistent with the products as described in the submitted test reports and quality documentation. As an example, for mixed materials (wet and dry), the following must be provided: i. Specifications of incoming materials, or the date of the signed, controlled document that describes each constituent and its specification. Mix ratios of the constituents, or the date of the signed, controlled document that describes the mix ratio. Finished product specifications (for example, for wet products, specific gravity and viscosity; for formed products, weight, compressive strength, etc.).

ii.

iii.

When agreed to by ICC-ES, in lieu of providing the actual specifications, the applicant may identify the controlled document that describes the product specifications, provided the document is identified by a revision level and/or date. When the product specifications are not provided to ICC-ES except through reference to a controlled document as described in the preceding paragraph, the controlled document describing the product specifications shall be made available to the inspection agency for their review
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Available from the South Coast Air Quality Management District web site at http://www.aqmd.gov/tao/methods/labmethtoc.html 2 Available from the California Indoor Air Quality Program web site at http://www.cal-iaq.org/VOC/Section01350_7_15_2004_FINAL_PLUS _ADDENDUM-2004-01.pdf 3 Available from the U.S. EPA web site at http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/promgate/m-24.pdf. 2

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Available from the U.S. EPA web site at http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/cfr_2003/julqtr/40cfr51.100.h tm.

EVALUATION GUIDELINE FOR DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) CONTENT AND EMISSIONS OF ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS (EG105)
and their verification, during the qualifying inspection described in Section 3.3, that the product specifications are consistent with the product described in the original qualifying data. 2.2 Packaging and Identification: A description of the packaging method and field identification of the product shall be submitted. Identification shall include the ICC-ES VAR number. 2.3 VOC Content: The results of testing to determine the VOC content shall be provided. The VOC content shall be determined by one of the applicable test methods set forth in this section. The TVOC content shall be indicated in grams per liter (g/L) and shall exclude water and any colorants added at the point of sale. When testing is done using the CA/DHS/EHLB/R-174 method, then both the individual VOCs present and the TVOC shall be reported. The test report shall state the method used to determine VOC content and contain the calculations indicating the total VOC content. 2.3.1 Adhesives and Sealants – General: The VOC content shall be determined in accordance with U.S. EPA Method 24 or SCAQMD Method 304. The exempt compound content shall be determined by either SCAQMD Methods 302 and 303 or ASTM D 4457. The test report shall state the type and amount of any exempt compound content. Exception: The VOC content for PVC, CPVC, and ABS pipe solvent cements and primers for plastic pipes shall be determined as set forth in Section 2.3.2. The VOC content for cyanoacrylate adhesives shall be determined as set forth in Section 2.3.3. 2.3.2 PVC, CPVC, and ABS Pipe Solvent Cements and Adhesive Primers: The VOC content shall be determined as set forth in SCAQMD Method 316A. 2.3.3 Cyanoacrylate Adhesives: The VOC content shall be determined as set forth in SCAQMD Method 316B. 2.4 VOC Emissions (Optional): Specific VOC emission rates, as determined by testing in accordance with ASTM D 5116 utilizing the requirements set forth in Sections 2.0, 3.1, 3.3 (for adhesives), 3.4 (for sealants) and 3.7 through 3.10 of CA/DHS/EHLB/R-174, shall be submitted when such recognition is sought. 3.0 QUALITY CONTROL 3.1 Required Elements of the Quality System Documentation: Quality system documentation shall be submitted that meets the following requirements: 3.1.1 The documentation shall be signed and dated by an authorized representative of the manufacturer. 3.1.2 The documentation shall clearly state the facility name of the manufacturing location, the street address and telephone number, and the name of the contact person at the facility. 3.1.3 There shall be provisions for the quality system documentation to be reviewed at least annually. A record of revisions shall be maintained. 3.1.4 The documentation shall indicate how the recognized product is to be identified in the field. This information shall be consistent with the information in the “Identification” section of the VAR, and should include a 3 copy of the product label or a description of what is included on the label. Product labeling shall include, at a minimum, the report holder’s name, the VAR number (ICCES VAR-XXXX), and information required by the applicable evaluation guideline. 3.1.5 Based on the product labeling, the quality system shall provide a means to trace finished product back to the production and quality control records at the manufacturing facility. 3.1.6 The documentation manufacturing process. shall describe the

3.1.7 The documentation shall include provisions for the documenting of product changes, evaluation of product changes and notification to the appropriate parties. 3.1.8 Incoming Materials: The documentation shall include procedures regarding inspections or tests that are conducted on incoming materials, or other means used to determine that the materials meet specifications (for example, mill test reports, certificates of analysis, certificates of compliance, etc.). If incoming material requiring a certificate at the time of receipt does not carry a certificate, then the documentation shall contain provisions for the material to be segregated until it has been appropriately tested or inspected, or the certificate is received. 3.1.9 In-process Quality Control: The documentation shall describe in-process quality control procedures, including how manufacturing processes are monitored to ensure that the product is consistently manufactured within the allowable tolerances. 3.1.10 Final Inspection: The documentation shall detail any final inspections and/or tests that are conducted before the product is labeled and shipped, to ensure that the finished product complies with specifications and applicable design values. 3.1.11 Nonconforming Materials: The documentation shall specify how nonconforming materials—incoming materials, materials in production, and finished materials—are segregated from production until a decision is made as to their disposition. 3.1.12 When products are manufactured at multiple locations, the report applicant shall submit quality system documentation for each of the manufacturing sites. 3.1.13 When the product is manufactured by a party other than the report holder, a form provided by ICC-ES to the applicant to cover this circumstance shall be submitted. 3.2 The following declarations shall be provided to ICCES in a signed and dated affidavit from the report holder: 3.2.1 The ICC-ES name, mark, or report number will only be used on products that are in compliance with the VAR and the quality system documentation. 3.2.2 The report holder will promptly investigate and respond to ICC-ES when apprised by ICC-ES of complaints concerning product performance. 3.2.3 The report holder agrees to permit ICC-ES representatives to examine, at distribution points and the manufacturing plant, any product labeled as being in conformance with the VAR.

EVALUATION GUIDELINE FOR DETERMINATION OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) CONTENT AND EMISSIONS OF ADHESIVES AND SEALANTS (EG105)
3.2.4 ICC-ES will be notified in writing if there is a significant change in the product, manufacturing procedures or quality system documentation from what was recognized upon issuance of the VAR. 3.3 Prior to issuance of a VAR, an initial on-site inspection of the manufacturing facility shall be conducted by an ICC-ES representative or a representative of an accredited inspection agency with the proper technical disciplines. 3.4 At the time of re-examination of a VAR, a third-party inspection of the manufacturing facility shall be conducted as a condition of reissuance of the report. This inspection shall verify that no changes to the manufacturing process, raw materials or quality program, as they relate to the VOC content or emissions of the finished product, have occurred. 4.0 VAR RECOGNITION 4.1 The VAR shall identify the specific product, style or model and colors for which data was submitted. 4.2 The VAR shall state the determined VOC content (in grams per liter), the VOC emissions level (when recognition is sought under Section 2.3), and the test method used. 4.3 Where the VAR subject is regulated by the scope of the International Codes, and is the subject of a current ICCES evaluation report, the following statement shall be included: “See ICC-ES evaluation report compliance with code requirements.” ESR-XXXX for

4.4 Where the VAR subject is regulated by the scope of the International Codes but is not the subject of a current ICC-ES evaluation report, the following statement shall be included: “Evaluation of the VAR subject for compliance with the International Codes is outside the scope of this evaluation report and evidence of compliance must be submitted by the permit applicant to the Authority Having Jurisdiction for approval.” 4.5 Where the VAR subject is not regulated by the scope of the International Codes, the following statement shall be included: “The VAR subject does not fall within the scope of the International Codes.” ■

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