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外研版高一必修四module-5教案,知识点及练习


MODULE 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges 学考目标导航 重点单词 识 记 理 解 :peak n. 山顶 ;山 峰 plain n. 平 原 plateau n. 高 原 lope n. 斜 坡 colleague n .同事 downstream adv.向下游;随波而下 dock n. 码头;vi. 驶入码头 raft n. 木筏 deto

ur n. 迂路;绕行之路 legend n. 传奇;传说故事 deck n.甲板 cruise n .(乘游轮的)漫游;巡航 cabin n. 船舱;机舱 lounge n.休息室;休息厅 immense adj .极大的 fertile adj. 肥沃的 pin n.别针 torch n.手电筒 掌握运用: cave n. 洞;山洞 shore n.(海、湖、河等的)岸 valley n. 山谷 wood n.(常作复数)树林 flat adj .平坦的 surround vt.围绕;环绕 goods n. 货物 trade vi.做生意 temple n.寺庙 hilly adj .多山的;丘陵起伏的 narrow vi.变狭窄 distant adj .遥远的 exploit vt. 开发 forbid vt. 禁止 mountainous adj.多山的 remote adj .遥远的 steep adj .陡峭的; 险峻的 varied adj .多变化的 spot n.地点; 场所 view n.景色;风景 naturally adv.自然地 重点短语 识记理解: rip off 敲竹杠; 敲诈 get a kick out of (俚语) 从??得到乐趣 be surrounded by 被??所包围 make a detour 绕行 掌握运用:at the edge of 在??的边缘 at least 至少 be heavy with 有大量的 in the distance 遥远的 take advantage of 利用 go through 经历;经过;通过 be against 反对 only if 只要;只有??才?? 重点句型 1. He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. (be to do sth.表将来;现在分词短语作伴随状语) 2. The sun was shining brightly as we sailed downstream through a hilly region.(as 引导时间状 语从句) 3. We could see the sun setting behind the white pagoda. (“see+宾语+宾补”复合结构) 4. On a distant mountain was a sign in 20-foot characters.(完全倒装句) 5. Nearly 100 million people live here, most of them in the east.(独立主格结构) 6. There are hundreds of little red pins stuck in it.(过去分词短语作后置定语) 7. There‘s a saying in the travel trade that all tourists are ripped off. (同位语从句,) 8. I‘m allowed to stick one in only if I‘ve been in a place for more than 24 hours. (only if 引导条 件状语从句) 情景交际 Talking about obligation, permission and prohibition(表达义务、 许可和禁止) 重点语法 1. 复习情态动词 写作指导 如何写地点说明文 考题源追踪-:出自本模块的高考试题 1. Parents and children should communicate more to _______ the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.(2012 .天津高考) A. open B. narrow C. widen D. leave 2. The house still needed a lot of work, but _______ the kitchen was finished.(2008 .全国高考) A. instead B. altogether C. at once D. at least 3.—Shall I inform him of the change of the schedule right now? —I am afraid you _______ in case he comes late for the meeting.(2011. 福建高考) A. will B. must C. may D. can 4. —How‘s your new babysitter? —We _______ ask for a better one. All our kids love her so much.(2011. 浙江高考) A. should B. might C. mustn‘t D. couldn‘t 5.lf we sit near _______ front of the bus, we‘ll have _______ better view.(2010 .山东高考)

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A./;the

B./;a

C. the; a

D. the; the

NEW WORD STUDY 1. at the edge of 在??的边缘 The tree is at the edge of the,sea.那棵树在海边。 The police took up their stations at the edge of the road.警方在路边各就各位。 【辨析】at the edge of 与 on the edge of at the edge of “ 在 ? ? 的 边 缘 ” 侧 重 于 在 平 面 终 了 的 地 方 at the edge of the , desert/woods/forest 在沙漠/树林/森林边 on the edge of “在??边缘上” ,on“在??之上” ,可引申为“即将,濒于”Don‘t put the cup on the edge of the table. 不要把杯子放在桌子边上。I was on the edge of a mental breakdown at that time.那时我正处在精神崩溃的边缘。 【典例剖析】 The businessman is _______ the edge of failure. A. on B. at C. to D. for 2. surround vt .围绕,环绕;包围 搭配:surround sb. /sth. with sb. /sth. 使某人/某物包围某人/某物 be surrounded with/by. .. 被??环绕,周围都是?? They surrounded the house and garden with a fence. 他们用一道篱笆把房子和花园围起来。 There are some strange things surrounding her.在她的周围发生了许多怪事。 We are surrounded with/by dangers.我们的处境危机四伏。 The lake is surrounded by trees.湖边树木环绕。 【单词积累】 surrounding adj.周围的,附近的 surrounded adj .被环绕的 surroundings n . ( pl . )环境 They came from the surrounding villages.他们来自周围的村庄。 It is unfortunate for the people in Libya to live in the war surroundings.对利比亚人民来说,生活 在战争环境中是不幸的。 【一言辨异】 They lived in a house surrounded by trees, and most of the trees surroundingthe house were pine trees.他们住在一所四周被树林所环绕的房子里,环绕在房子周围的树木大部分是松树。 【辨析】surroundings 与 environment surrounding 专 指 自 然 然 环 境 , 从 周 围 的 事 物 这 一 客 体 着 眼 We are living in pleasant surroundings.我们生活在舒适的环境中。 environment 可指自然环境,也可指精神环境,均从环境对人的感受、道德及观念的影响着 眼 An unhappy home environment can affect a child‘s behaviour.不愉快的家庭环境能影响孩子 的行为。 【典例剖析】 1. He appeared, _______ by his delighted students. A. surrounding B. surrounded C. to surround D. being surrounded 2. The twins were separated at birth and brought up in entirely different _______. A. surrounding B. surroundings C. environments D. atmosphere 3. trade vt. ,vi. &n. (1)vt. &vi. 交换,交易 搭配 trade sth . with sb.与某人做?交易/买卖 trade in sth.做某方面的生意 trade sth.for sth.用某物换某物 Our products are now traded worldwide.我们的产品现在销往世界各地。 The two companies trade wool with each other.这两家公司做羊毛生意。 I traded my watch for a bicycle.我用手表换了一辆自行车。

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(2)n. 交易,买卖,贸易 Developing foreign trade is very important for our country. 发展外贸对我国很重要。 【典例剖析】She _______ three apples _______ a bunch of bananas. A. traded; with B. traded; for C. replaced; with D. replaced; for 4. narrow v.& adj. (1)p. (使)变窄,使缩小 This is where the river narrows.这条河就是在这儿变窄的。 He narrowed his eyes at her.他向她挤了挤眼睛。 (2) adj .狭窄的,窄小的 There was only a narrow gap between the bed and the wall. 床和墙之间只有一条窄缝。 【单词积累】narrowly adv.勉强地,差一点儿;狭窄地 a narrow escape 九死一生 That man narrowly escaped being killed in the war.那个人在战争中死里逃生。 学法点拨:narrow 常用作形容词,其动词用法是通过词类转化而来的,常见的可以转化为 动词的形容词有: calm adj.一 v. :calm the children 使孩子们安静下来 dry adj. 一 v. :dry your hands 擦干你的 .手 free adj . 一 v. :free the slaves 解放奴隶 slow adj. 一 v. :slow down 慢下来 wrong adj.一 v. :wrong sb. 冤枉某人 better adj. —v. :better working conditions 改善工作条件 【典例剖析】 1. (2007. 天津高考)The final score of the basketball match was 93-94. We were only_______ beaten . A. nearly B. slightly C. narrowly D. lightly 2. The river has _______ over the past 20 years. A. narrowed down B. narrowed up C. narrowed in D. narrowed to 5. at (the)least 至少,起码 It will take you at least 20 minutes to get there. 到那里你至少要花 20 分钟。 The food wasn‘t good,but at least it was cheap.这种食品不好,但起码便宜。 【链接】 not in the least ( = not at all)-点儿也不 The film is not in the least interesting.这部电影一点意思也没有。 【拓展】 at (the)most 至多,最多 last but not least 最后但同样重要的是 not in the least ( = not at all/not a bit)一点也不 most of all ( = above all)尤其,特别 for the most part ( = mostly)大部分,在大多数情况下 He railway will be completed in six months at most.这条铁路最多再过 6 个月完工。 We mustn‘t relax our study in the least.我们丝毫不能放松学习。 【典例剖析】 —Has every student passed the final exam? —No. Unfortunately, _______ three from each class have failed. A. no more than B. At least C. Not in the least D. at most 6. be heavy with 有大量的? The trees are heavy with fruit.树上果实累累。 【链接】be heavy on 大量使用(消耗) heavy rain/snow 大雨/大雪 a heavy smoker/drinker 大量抽烟/喝酒的人 a heavy cold 重感冒 heavy traffic 交通繁忙 heavy losses 损失严重 a heavy day 繁忙的一天 heavy clouds 乌云密布 【典例剖析】 I want to sell this car which is heavy _______ oil. A. with B. from C. on D .at

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7. distant adj .(1)遥远的,远离的,远隔的 be distant from 离??遥远 The school is three miles distant from the town.学校离城镇 3 英里。 (2)不相近的;不密切的 She is a distant cousin“mine.她是我的一位远房表妹。 (3)冷淡的,疏远的 Instead of stopping to speak,she passed by with only a distant nod.她没有停下来说话,只是冷淡 地点点头便过去了。 【单词积累】distance n. 距离,路程;远处,远方 【拓展】 the distance 在远处, in 在远方 at a distance 隔开一些, 稍远一些 keep sb. at a distance 对??冷淡;与??保持距离 what‘s the distance between….? 【辨析】distant,far 与 remote distant 指时间、 空间上的遥远, 也可指亲属关系上的远房亲属 he time we spent together is now a distant memory far 指时间或距离上是遥远的,还可表示引申意义的远 She seems to come from a far country. 她似乎来自一个遥远的国度。 remote 指时间或距离上是遥远的,也指在感情、兴趣等方面距离很大,还指关系方面的疏远 His idea was remote from reality.他的想法偏离现实。 【典例剖析】 1. She is always very _______ with others. A. far B. faraway C. Distant D. remote 2. I‘m not familiar wit him. He is only my _______ relative. A. far away B. distant C. remotely D. faraway 8. forbid vt . (forbade,forbidden)禁止,不许禁止“,含“命令某人不做某事”之意 forbid/allow( doing) sth.禁止/允许做某事 forbid/allow sb. to do sth.禁止/允许某人做某事 forbid sb. from doing sth. They forbid walking in the fields.他们禁止在田地里行走。 Our school forbids students to play computer games.我们学校禁止学生玩电脑游戏。 The doctor forbids him to smoke.医生不许他吸烟。 误区警示:①forbid 一-般不用于祈使句,要用就改为 tell。②forbid 一般不接从句,而用复 合宾语形式:forbid sb. to do sth.。③forbid 后接动词时须用动名词作宾语。 ban “ (权威机关)正式禁止” ,含“严厉谴责”之意 ban sth.; ban sb. from doing sth. Our government has banned u-sing plastic bags.我们的的政府已禁止使用塑料袋。 【典例剖析】 Their parents _______ them to drink. A. ban B. forbid C. prohibit D. stop 9. spot n. &v. (1) n. [C]地点,场所;斑点 There are a lot of spots to visit in this old city.这座古城有许多可供参观的名胜。 This is a good spot for a picnic.这是个理想的野餐地点。 She was wearing a black skirt with white spots.她穿着一条黑底白点的裙子。 (2)v. 找出,认出,发现;有污点,有污渍 The floor was spotted with paint. 地板上有油漆污渍。 Dick is very tall, so he is easy to spot in the crowd……所以在人群中很容易被认出来。 My father spotted several spelling mistakes in my composition.我父亲在我作文里发现了好几个 拼写错误。 Tom spotted someone coming out of the building.汤姆发现有人正走出大楼。 [拓展] on the spot /scene 当场,立刻;在现场 He answered the question on the spot.他当场就回答了那个问题。

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The police were on the spot within a few minutes of my telephone call.我打电话几分钟后警察就 赶到了现场。 【典例剖析】 1.When the fighting started, the police and reporters were soon _______. A. to the spot B. on the spot C. In the spot D. of the spot 2. When he returned home, his boots were spotted _______ mud. A. on B. with C. in D. to 10. rip off 敲竹杠,敲诈;偷窃 They really ripped us off at that hotel.在那家旅馆他们着实敲诈了我们一笔。 Everybody else is paying less. I think we‘ve been ripped off.人付的钱都比我们少,我想我们被 敲竹杠了。 1ad my bike ripped off. 我的自行车被人偷了。 Those teenagers ripped off my wallet.那些少年偷了我的钱包。 The advertising campaign ripped off a great many consumers.那个广告宣传欺骗了许多的顾客。 误区警示: 在日常交际中, 不管是买东西、 去餐厅吃饭还是请人修东西, 要是觉得, 太贵了, 用“It‘s too expensive.”说法已过时,记得要用“It‘s a rip-off” 【典例剖析】 The tourists often complained of being _______ by the local peddlers when they bought some souvenirs. A. ripped off B. ripped out C. ripped up D. ripped away 11. get a kick out of/from (俚语)从??中得到乐趣 I get a kick out of driving fast cars.飙车给我带来了极大的乐趣。 He got a kick out of helping the others. She gets a kick out of learning English. I get a kick out of travelling. He gets a kick from skiing.他从滑雪中得到了极大的乐趣。 My son gets a kick out of reading and skateboard.我儿子喜欢读书和玩滑板。 【链接】give sb. a kick 给某人以极大的乐趣 do sth. for kicks 为寻求刺激而做某事 give sb. /sth. a good kick 用力踢某人/某物 take a kick 踢罚球 【典例剖析】 —What‘s your favorite sport? —Skiing _______. A.I get a kick out of it B.I prefer it C. I choose it D. I‘m used to it 12. naturally adv.自然地,天生地 Plants can grow naturally in such a good climate.在这种气候良好的地方,植物能自然生长。 He is naturally brave. 他天生勇敢。 【单词积累】 natural adj .自然的,天生的 nature n.[U]自然;自然界;本性 It is natural for a bird to fly.鸟天生会飞。 We must obey the laws of nature.我们必须遵循自然规律。 【拓展】 by nature 天生地,生性 in nature 本质上,事实上 against nature 违反自然的,有违天性的 误区警示: nature. 表示 “大自然, 自然界” 时不与 the 连用, 具有类似用法的单还有: space(太 空),society(社会),man(人类)等。 【典例剖析】 Try to act _______ , even if you‘re nervous. A. certainly B. naturally C. gradually D. finally

Period 1

Reading—A Trip Along the Three Gorges
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■Goals

● To learn to read passages about the Three Gorges ● To learn to read with strategies
■Procedures

Step 1: Warming up by defining gorge A canyon, or gorge, is a valley walled by cliffs. Most canyons originate by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level, with a stream gradually carving out its valley. The cliffs form because harder rock strata that are resistant to erosion and weathering remain exposed on the valley walls. Canyons are much more common in arid areas than in wetter areas because weathering has a lesser effect in arid zones. Canyons' walls are often formed of resistant sandstones or granite. ... Step 2: Before you read Please go over the word list for this module, paying attention to the pronunciation of the word, the relationship between its pronunciation and its spelling. Step 3: While you read 1. Type of writing and summaries of A Trip Along the Three Gorges Type of writing Idea of 1 para. Idea of 2 para. Idea of 3 para. Idea of 4 para. Idea of 5 para. Idea of 6 para.
th th th rd nd st

A narration Peter Haussler and a colleague of his decided to take a boat downstream. They showed their passports and got on the boat. As the sun set they docked at Fengdu. They slept through the first gorge, which is called the Qutang Gorge. The next day they went through the big gorges on the Yangtze River. As they came out of the third gorge, the Xiling Gorge, they sailed into the construction site of the dam.

2. A diagram of A Trip Along the Three Gorges

A Trip Along the Three Gorges

take a boat downstream

got on the boat

docked Fengdu

at

went through the big gorges

slept through the first gorge

sailed into the construction site of the dam
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3. Complete the article with one word in each blank. In August 1996, Peter Haussler and a _1_ of his were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. When the _2_semester finished at the end of January and they decided to take a boat downstream. They just _3_ to show our passports at the dock and got on the boat. As the sun set they docked at Fengdu to _4_ the sun setting behind the white pagoda. They slept through the first gorge, which is called the _5_ Gorge. The gorge narrows to 350 feet as the river rushes through the two-mile-high _6_. The next day they went through the big gorges on the Yangtze River. It was a lovely _7_ as they went through the Wu Gorge. They passed the Xiang River, home of Qu Yuan, the 3rd _8_ BC poet. As they came out of the third gorge, the Xiling Gorge, they sailed into the _9_ site of the dam. They saw on a distant mountain a sign in 20-foot characters which read ―_10_ the Three Gorges Dam, Exploit the Yangtze River.‖ Keys: 1 colleague 6 mountains 2 first 7 morning 3 had 8 century 4 see 9 construction 5 Qutang 10 Build

4. Answer the reading comprehension questions according to the text. 1. The first semester finished at the end of _____and they had four weeks off for _____. A. July, the Moon Festival B. January, the Spring Festival C. October, the National Day D. September, the Teacher Day 2. A Jiangyou boat _____. A. is very crowded B. is mainly for goods and people trading along the river C. doesn‘t stop at the temples D. all of these 3. We slept through the first gorge, which is called ____. A. the Xiling Gorge B. the Qutang Gorge C. the Wu Gorge D. the Dam Gorge 4. What does ―setour‖ mean in At Wushan we made a detour up the Daning River to see some of the smaller gorges? A. deviation from normal course B. a back route C. deviation from more direct route D. roads alternative route keys: 1-4 BDBC Step 4: After you read 1. Copy all the useful expressions into your Expression Book. Useful expressions from A Trip Along the Three Gorges American teacher of English, spend two years there teaching English, at the end of January, have four weeks off for the Spring Festival, take a boat downstream, along the river, sound fine to…, get on/off the boat, dock at Fengdu, narrow to 350 feet, at least, make a detour, be heavy with the past, take pictures, exploit Sentences made with expressions from A Trip Along the Three Gorges 1. The Internet TESL Journal is a monthly web magazine for teachers of English as a second language. 2. Law students spend time outside the classroom doing pro bono(无偿服务的)work. 3. What will world health look like at the end of the millennium?

4. He’s off at the moment - can I get him to ring you back? 5. The current carried her downstream.
6. Altogether six water checking places are expected to be set along the river, according to the bureau. 7. The media will still sound fine when downloaded to most mp3 players, and it will be fine when
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played on a desktop application. 8. After getting off the boat, there is a bus hub on your right. 9. Hundreds of people turned up to see the ship dock at Southampton.

10. He narrowed his eyes in suspicion.
11. The Philippines‘ Red Cross on Sunday confirmed that at least 800 people are either dead or missing after typhoon.

12. You’d be wise to make a detour to avoid the road works. 13. The trees were heavy with fruit.
14. I‘ve been taking pictures, but I live in such an ugly place it‘s hard to find anything nice to photograph. 15. We need to make sure that we exploit our resources as fully as

possible.
2. Read to transfer information You are going to read the text again to fill in the table. A Trip Along the Three Gorges Time Place Character Event In January 1997 The Three Gorges Peter Hessler and a colleague Taking a downstream boat

Processes

Para. 1 Buying tickets for the Jiangyou boat

Para. 2 Leaving the docks on a beautiful afternoon

Para. 3 Sleep throught the first gorge called the Qutang Gorge

Para. 4 At Wushan making a detour up the Daning River to see some of the smaller gorges

Para. 5 Sailing into the construction site of the Three Gorges Dam

Section A INTRODUCTION & READING AND VOCABULARY 课文整体阅读 I. 正误判断(根据课文内容判断正“T”误“F” ~p.194 ) 1. There were many other foreigners in the town of Fuling besides Peter Hessler. ( ) 2 Peter Hessler and his colleague took boats because they could stop at the temples. ( ) 3. The ships like the Jiangyou boat are mainly for goods and people who trade along the river. ( ) 4. They missed the scenery of the Qutang Gorge. ( ) 5. The home of Qu Yuan, the third century BC poet, is located on the Daning River. ( ) Ⅱ. 阅读理解(根据课文内容选择正确答案)~p.194
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1. Peter and his colleague came to China to _______ . A. have a trip along the Three Gorges B. study the history of China C. teach English at a teacher training college D. do business with Chinese people 2. At the first gorge, Peter and his friend _______ . A. saw the sun setting behind the white pagoda B. left the docks on a beautiful afternoon C. made a detour up the Daning River D. slept through the gorge and saw nothing 3. Qu Yuan‘s hometown was as situated on _______ . A. the Xiang River B. the Daning River C. the Qutang Gorge D. The construction site of the dam 4. The writer and his friend enjoyed _______ at Fengdu. A. the hilly region B. coal boat C. riding bamboo rafts D. the sun setting behind the white pagoda 5. What did Peter Hessler and his colleague do as they came out of the third gorge? A. They rode bamboo rafts along the river‘s edge. B. They got off the boat to take pictures. C. They sailed into the construction site of the dam. D. They made a detour up the Daning River. Ⅲ. 阅读表达(根据课文完成下列各题)~p.194 l. List the names of the Three Gorges. _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. Their colleagues advised them not to go on ships like the Jiangyou boat, why? List four reasons. ①_______________________ ②_______________________ ③_______________________ ④_______________________ 3. What do the words ―two more‖ in the n the third paragraph refer to? ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. What does the last paragraph mainly tell us? ______________________________________________________________________________

Ⅳ,短文填空(根据课文内容完成下列短文)p.194 In August 1996, Peter Haussler and ________ of his were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. When the first _______ finished at the end of January and they decided to take a boat ___________. They just had to show our ________ at the dock and got on the boat. As the sun set they docked at Fengdu to see the sun ______ behind the white pagoda. They slept through the first gorge, which is called the Qutang Gorge. The gorge _______ to 350 feet as the river rushes through the two-mile-high mountains. The next day they went through the big gorges on the Yangtze River. It was a lovely morning as they went _______ the Wu Gorge. They passed the Xiang River, home of Qu Yuan, the 3rd century BC ____. As they came out of the third gorge, the Xiling Gorge, they sailed into the ____________ site of the dam. They saw on a distant mountain a sign in 20-foot characters. ― _____ the Three Gorges Dam, _______ the Yangtze River,‖ it said.
课文考点精解 1. be to do sth. (1)表示“按计划、安排要做某事” 。 We are to meet at the school gate.我们将在校门口碰头。 (2)表示“命令” 。
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You are to be back before five o‘clock.你必须在 5 点钟以前回来。 (3)表示“职责” 。 He is to design a new machine.他将设计一台新机器。 (4)表示“目的” 。 The prize was to honour him for his great discoveries.这项奖励是为了对他的重大发现表示敬 意。 (5)表示“用途” 。 A pen is to write with.钢笔是用来写字的。 (6)表示“命中注定” 。 They were never to meet again.他们注定永远不会再见面了。 (7)表示“应该做某事” 。 What are we to do next?我们下一步应该怎么办? (8)表示“可能性” 。 Let‘s see who is to win the game.让我们看看谁会赢得这场比赛。 (9)表示“征求对方的意见” 。 Am I to go on with the work?这项工作我是不是接着做下去? 【典例剖析】 1.(2010 .大纲全国高考 I ) The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune _______ . A. is made B. would make C. was to be made D. had made 2. The final examination _______ in early July. A. is to be held B. is to be taken place C. is going to hold D. will be to take place 2. go through (1)穿越 教材原句 P42:The next day we went through the big gorges on theYangtze River.第二天,我们 穿过了长江上最大的峡谷。 (2)经历,经受 The old man went through two world wars.这位老人经历了两次世界大战。 (3)仔细检查 They went through our baggage at the customs.海关人员仔细地检查了我们的行李。 He went through his pockets looking for the keys 他翻遍了他的衣袋找钥匙。 对点集训 l. It took me a few weeks to get used to my new _______ . A. surround B. surrounding C. surroundings D. surrounded 2. We usually _______ at the local farmers ‘ market for our vegetables. A. exchange B. replace C. trade D. communicate 3. He had a _______ escape when his car skidded on the ice. A. slight B. narrow C. light D. wide 4. ( 2012 .天津卷) Parents and children should communicate more to _______ the gap between them so that they can understand each other better. A. open B. narrow C. widen D. leave 5.1 could see a car _______,but couldn‘t make out what color it was. A. at the distance B. in the distance C. off the distanced. D. from the distance 6. My grandpa _______ a lot of hardship when he was young. A. calmed down B. went through C. added up D. set down 7. The Smiths live in a house at the _______ of a forest. A. blank B. edge C. end D. above 8. The office was _______ with smoke because of a big fire. A. rich, B. heavy C. full D. crowded

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9. There were only a few people in the meeting hall, _______ 10 people, for it was still early when I got there. A. at least B. at all C. at most D. at last 10. The house still needed a lot of work, but _______ the kitchen was finished. A. instead B. altogether C. at once D. at least 11. When he _______ I the door, he found his keys were nowhere. A. would open B. opened C. Had opened D. was to open 12. At the foot of the mountain _______ . A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village 6. 用 surround 的正确形式填空 ①He lives in a _______ village. ②After the meeting, he was _______ by a crowd of reporters. ③We are living in pleasant _______ . 7. 完成句子 ①The store_________________________________________(经营新鲜水果). ②I‘ d like to_________________________________________(用我的汽车换你的房子). ③He doesn‘ t like to_________________________________________(和美国人做生意). ④我听到鸟儿在林边歌唱。 I heard the birds singing________________________the woods. ⑤如果我们不控制出生率,在不远的将来将会濒于饥饿的边缘。 If we do not control the birth rate, we‘ll be _______________________starvation in the near future. ⑥In front of my village _______________________(流淌着一条小河). ⑦On the wall _______________________(挂着一幅画).

Period 2
■Goals

Grammar—Revision of modal verbs

● To revise the modal verbs ■Procedures Step 1: Revising modal verbs Modal Verbs CAN SHALL COULD SHOULD MAY OUGHT TO MIGHT MUST WILL NEED WOULD DARE

When do we use modals? ? To talk about someone’s ability (or inability) to do something example: “We can find your house without the street plan.” “She can’t have a son that old!” ? To talk about an action that is necessary (or impossible, or not necessary) example: “You must always have your driver’s license when you are driving your car.”
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“You needn’t carry your wallet around with you.” ? To talk about a situation that is possible (or impossible) example: “Do be careful with that cup, the cat might knock it over”

A modal verb always has the There is no past form (-ed), no present participle same form: (-ing) and no 3rd persons singular (-s). Modal verbs come before the example: ―May I come to your school for the book?‖ subject in questions: Negative forms: Modal verbs have n’t or not after them in the negative. example: ―mustn‘t‖ – ―needn‘t‖.

PRESENT FORM can may will shall must ought to need

PAST FORM could might would should -

Step 2: Revising other uses of modal verbs Apart from being used to describe degrees of certainty, modal verbs can also be used in the following ways: Obligation, prohibition and lack of obligation We use must to convey strong obligation. The past form of must for obligation is had to: You must improve your English handwriting! We had to leave his farm immediately. We use should to convey milder obligation. The past form of should for mild obligation is should have: You should see a lawyer. You should have gone to visit your parents. We use must not to convey prohibition. The past form of must not for prohibition is wasn't/weren't allowed to: You must not go into the street — it's dangerous. We weren’t allowed to use our hand phones in the building.

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We use needn’t to talk about a lack of obligation. The past form of needn't for lack of obligation is needn’t have: You needn’t go to the meeting. We needn’t have mentioned it— they already knew. We use may and can to give permission. The past is conveyed by was/were allowed to: You may come in now, boys. Can we sing in here? The prisoners were allowed to sit down talk to the policeman. We were only allowed to speak in the zoo. We use can to speak about ability. The past form of can for ability is could: He can speak five three languages. She could play er’hu beautifully when she was ten. We use will to say we are willing to do something: I will come, but only with my parents. Will you act as guide? We use won’t to say we are not willing to do something. The past form of won’t is wouldn’t: I won’t do it, and that's final! He wouldn’t promise anything. We can use will to talk about actions that are habitual. The past form of will for typical behavior is would: She will spend hours chatting online. He would wash his face every evening. Step 3: Taking a test on modal verbs Filling in the blank with one of the following modal verbs: Can, Could, May and Might 1. They (can/might) ________________ be away for the weekend but I'm not sure. 2. You (may/might) ________________ leave now if you wish. 3. (Could/May) ________________ you open the window a bit, please? 4. He (can/could) ________________ be from Sheffield, judging by his accent. 5. (May/Can) ________________ you swim? 6. Listen, please. You (may not/might not) ________________ speak during this exam. 7. They (can‘t/may not) ________________ still be out! 8. You (couldn‘t/might not) ________________ smoke on the bus. 9. With luck, tomorrow (can/could) ________________ be a cooler day. 10. You (can/might) ________________ be right but I‘m going back to check the times. Keys: 1.might 2. may 3. Could 4. could 5. Can 6. may 7. can‘t 8.couldn‘t 9. could 10. might Step 4: Absorb information concerning National College Entrance Examination 1. There’s no light on---they ____ be at home. (2006 全国 I) A. can‘t B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. shouldn‘t 2. We hope that as many people as possible ____ join us for the picnic tomorrow. (2006 全国 II) A. need B. must C. should D. can 3. We ____ have proved great adventures, but we have done the greatest march ever made in the
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past ten years. (2006 天津) A. needn‘t B. may not C. shouldn‘t D. mustn‘t 4. ---Must he come to sign this paper himself. (2006 广东) ---Yes, he ____. A. must B. need C. may D. will 5. Black holes ____ not be seen directly, so determining the number of them is a tough task. (2006 上海) A. can B. should C. must D. need 6. ---I think I’ll give Bob a ring. (2006 江苏) ---You ____. You haven‘t been in touch with him for ages. A. will B. may C. have to D. should 7. Some aspects of a pilot’ job ____ be boring, and pilots often ____ work at inconvenient hours. s (2006 湖南) A. can; have to B. may; can C. have to; may D. ought to; must 8. The weather turned out to be fine yesterday. I ____ the trouble to carry my umbrella with me. (2006 江西) A. should have taken B. could have taken C. needn‘t have taken D. mustn‘t have taken 9. As you worked late yesterday, you ____ have come this morning. (2006 陕西) A. mayn‘t B. can‘t C. mustn‘t D. needn‘t 10. ---Could I have a word with you, mum? (2006 浙江) ---Oh dear, if you ____. A. can B. must C. may D. should Keys: 1-5 ADBAA 6-10 DACDB 巩固练习 1. Has it been warned that all the children in this area ____ stay at their homes until the Bird Flu has been controlled? A. can B. will C. may D. shall 2. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ____ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out 3. Jack _____ yet, otherwise he would have telephoned me. A. mustn‘t have arrived B. shouldn‘t have arrived C. can‘t have arrived D. needn‘t have arrived 4. Sir, you ______be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only. A. mustn‘t B. can‘t C. won‘t D. needn‘t 5. The driver has drunk too much wine and dangerous things _____ happen at any time. A. should B. can C. must D. need 6. — Is John coming by train? — He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car. A. must B. can C. need D. may 7. It has been announced that candidates _______ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected. A. can B. will C. may D. shall

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8. Why did you throw the bottle out of the window? You _______ somebody. A. might hurt B. could have hurt C. would hurt D. must have hurt 9. —Don‘t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. —_______. A. I don‘t B. I won‘t C. I can‘t D. I haven‘t 10. I didn‘t see her in the meeting-room this morning. She ______ at the meeting. A. mustn‘t have spoken B. shouldn‘t have spoken C. needn‘t have spoken D. couldn‘t have spoken 11.—Summer Holiday is drawing near. Are you going home for the holiday? —I haven‘t decided yet. I ______ go home, but it depends on the weather. A. must B. need C. may D. will 12. This couple had been separated twenty years, you _______ imagine how happy they were when they met again. A. might B. will C. can D. must 13. We _______ last night, but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 14. She _____ listen to records, alone in her room for hours. We just won’t interrupt her, for we know this is her usual way to stay in peace. A. might B. must C. will D. should 15. —Well done, Tom! — Thanks, but given me more time, I _______ it much better. A. shouldn‘t have done B. should have done C. might not do D. could have done Keys:1-5 DCCAB 6-10 DDBBD 11-15CCCCD Section II Grammar 复习情态动词 情态动词属语气助动词,它们一般具备以下特征: 情态动词属于语气助动词,它们一般具备以下特征: 情态动词后必须接动词原形。 情态动词没有单复数变化,没有不定式或动名词形式。 情态动词可以放在句首协助提问,也可以在后面加 not 构成否定句。 英语中常用的情态动词有:shall,should,can,could,may,might,will,would,must 和 ought to。另外 need,dare,used 只能算作“半情态动词” ,因为它们既可作情态动词用,又 可作行为动词用。 一、 情态动词的基本用法 1. can , could 与 be able to (1) 表示能力(体力、知识、技能) Can you lift this heavy box?你能举起那个重箱子吗?(表体力) Mary can speak three languages.玛丽能说三种语言。 (表知识) Can you skate?你会滑冰吗?(表技能) (2)表示客观可能性(客观原因形成的能力) They‘ve changed the timetable, so we can go by bus instead. 他们已经换了时间表,所以我们只能乘公共汽车代替。 This hall can hold 500 people at least.这个大厅至少能容纳 500 人。 (3)表示推测(惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度) ,用于疑问句、否定句和感叹句中。 Can this be true? 这是真的吗? This can‘ t be done by him.这个不能由他来做。
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(4) could 用于疑问句,表示比 can 更为客气的语气;could 用于肯定句可以表示没有多大把 握的猜测或表示过去曾有过的能力;could 还可用于虚拟语气表示与现在情况相反的假设。 Could I go home now? 现在我可以回家了吗?(比 can 更为客气的请求) (5) was ( were) able to 与 could 的区别。当成功地完成某件事情 2.may 与 might (1)表示请求和允许。Might LL may 语气更委婉,而不是过去式。否定回答时可用 can’ t 或 mustn’t,表示“不可以,禁止” 。 —Might/May I smoke in this room?—我可以在这个房间里吸烟吗? —No,you mustn‘t.—不可以,这儿禁止吸烟。 用 May I. .?征求对方许可时,比较正式和客气,而用 Can I??在口语中更常见。 (2) 用于祈使句,表示祝愿。 May you succeed! 祝你成功! (3) 表示推测、可能性(不用于疑问句) 。Might 不是过去式,它所表示的可能性比 may 小。 Your mother may/might not know the truth.你母亲可能不知道事实。 3. must 与 have to (1)表示必须、必要。 You must come on time.你必须按时到。 在回答引出的问句时,如果是否定的,不能用 mustn’t’(禁止,不准) ,而用 needn’t,don ’t have to(不必) 。 —Must we hand in our exercise books today? —Yes , you must. —No ,you don’t have to/you needn’t. (2) must 是说话人的主观看法, have to 则强调客观需要。 而 Must 只有一般现在时, have to 有更多的时态形式。 His play isn‘ t interesting really must go now.他的表演很无趣,现在我真的要走了。 I had to work when I was your age.‘当我和你一样大的时候,我不得不去工作。 3)表示推测、可能性(只用于肯定的陈述句) 。 Your mother must be waiting for you now.你的母亲现在一定在等你。 4.need need 作情态动词用时, 常用于疑问句、 否定句。 在肯定句中一 般用 must, have to, ought to, should 代替。 You needn‘t come so early. 你不需要来的这么早。 —Need I finish the work today? 我必须要今天完成这项工作吗? —Yes, you must. /No, you needn‘t. 是的,必须今天完成。/不,不需要今天完成。 5. shall 与 should (J) shall 常用于第二、三人称,表示警告、命令、威胁、强制、允诺等意思。用在第一、三 人称的疑问句中,表示征求对方的意见。 You shall do as I say.你得按照我所说的去做。 Tell him that he shall have the book tomorrow.告诉他明天他就可以得到那本书。 Shall he come at once? 要他马上来吗? Shall we start the meeting now? 我们要现在开始开会吗? (2) should 除了表示劝告、建议、义务、责任,作“应当,应该”讲外,还可用在表示必要、 适当、惊奇、遗憾等语气的从句中,作“应该,竟然会”讲。 You should keep your promise.你应该遵守你的诺言。 Young people should learn how to use computers.年轻人应当学习怎样使用计算机。 It is necessary that the results of an experiment should be checked.核对实验结果是必要的。 6.Will 与 would (1)表示请求、建议等,would 更委婉。

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Will/Would you pass me the ball, please? 你可以把球传给我吗? (2)表示意志、愿望和决心。 I will never do that again.我再也不会那样做了。 They asked him i{he would go abroad.他们问他是否会出国。 (3)would 表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。Would 表示过去的习惯时比 used to 正 式,且没有“现已无此习惯”的含义。 During the vacation, he would visit me every other day.假期期间,他每隔一天就来找我。 The wounded would not heal.受伤人员不会痊愈。 二、 情态动词 must,may,might,can,could 等表示推测 1. must 表示有把握的推测,意为“一定是;肯定是” ,只用于肯定句中,后接动词原形; 表示对现在的推测。 —I‘ve had no sleep for 72 hours.——我已经 72 小时没睡觉了。 —You must be exhausted.——你一定筋疲力尽了。 2. can 表示惊异、怀疑或不相信的推测,多用于否定句或疑问句中,常用来表示对现在或 将来事实的推测。 He can‘t be at home now.他现在不可能在家。 3. May 表示把握不大的推测,意为“可能;也许” ,常用于肯定句中。 Don‘t play with the fire. You may bum yourself.不要玩火,你可能会烧伤自己。 4. Could 和 might 表示推测时,在某些场合可以代替 can 和 may,语气比较委婉。 He may/might/can/could be very thirsty.他可能很渴。 语法专练 I. 单项填空 1. We _______ have bought so much food now that Suzie won‘t be with us for dinner. (2012 .江西 卷) A. may not B. needn‘t C. can‘t D. mustn‘t 2. We _______ the difficulty together, but why didn‘t you tell me? (2012. 北京卷) A. should face B. might face C. could have faced D. must have faced 3. It ? s quite warm here ; we _______ turn the heating on yet. ( 2012 .天津卷) A. couldn‘t B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. wouldn‘t 4. Although this _______ sound like a simple task , great care is needed. (2012.福州高一检 测) A. must B. may C. shall D. should 5. It is surprising that he _______ have been so foolish; he never made such a mistake. A. must B. could C. should D. might 6. Here‘s no light on; they _______ be at home. (2011.邯郸高一检测) A. can‘t B. mustn‘t C. needn‘t D. shouldn‘t 7. The man _______ go out for a walk after supper when he was young. A. would B. must C. might D. should 8. You _______ be hungry already—you had lunch only two hours ago! A. wouldn‘t B. can‘t C. mustn‘t D. needn‘t 9. —May I take this book out of the reading room? —No, you _______. You read it in here. A. mightn‘t B. won‘t C. needn‘t D. mustn‘t 10. John, look at the time. _______ you play the piano at such a late hour? A. Must B. Can C. May D. Need 11. —Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report. —You _______ have my computer if you don‘t take care of it. A. shan‘t B. might not C. needn‘t D. shouldn‘t 12.—I don‘ t really like James. Why did you invite him?

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—Don‘t worry. He _______ come. He said he wasn‘t certain what his plans were. (2011. 北京 卷) A. must not B. need not C. would not D. might not 13. —Shall I inform him of the change of the schedule right now? —I am afraid you _______ in case he comes late for the meeting. A. will B. must C. may D. can 14. (2011. 上海卷)I _______ worry about my weekend—l always have my plans ready before it comes. A. can‘t B. mustn‘t C. daren‘t D. needn‘t 15. Just be patient. You _______ expect the world to change so soon. A. can‘t B. needn‘t C. May not D. will not 高考链接

1. Liza ___ well not want to go on the trip — she hates traveling. (2008 全国 II) A. will B. can C. must D. may 2. When I was young, I was told that I ____ play with matches. (2008 上海春) A. wouldn‘t B. needn‘t C. mustn‘t D. daren‘t 3. According to the air traffic rules, you _____ switch off your mobile phone before boarding. (2008 上海) A. may B. can C. would D. should 4. She _____ have left school, for her bike is still here. (2008 天津) A. can‘t B. wouldn‘t C. shouldn‘t D. needn‘t 5. — What sort of house do you want to have? Something big? — Well, it ____ be big — that‘s not important. (2008 陕西) A. mustn‘t B. needn‘t C. can‘t D. won‘t 6. I can‘t leave. She told me that I _____ stay here until she comes back. (2009 全国 II) A. can B. must C. will D. may 7. — I don‘t care what people think. — Well, you _______. (2009 四川) A. could B. would C. should D. might 8. Some people who don‘t like to talk much are not necessarily shy; they _____ just be quiet people. (2009 安徽) A. must B. may C. should D. would 9. — It‘s the office! So you _____ know eating is not allowed here. — Oh, sorry. (2009 湖南) A. must B. will C. may D. need 10. The traffic is heavy this day. I ____ arrive a bit late, so could you save me a place? (2009 辽宁) A. can B. must C. need D. might 11. Just be patient. You_____ except the world to change so soon. (2010 全国 I) A. can‘t B. needn‘t C. may not D. will not 12. — I haven‘t got the reference book yet, but I‘ll have a test on the subject next month. — Don‘t worry. You _____ have it by Friday. (2010 江苏) A. could B. shall C. must D. may
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13. Doctors say that exercise is important for health, but it ______ be regular exercise. (2010 辽宁) A. can B. will C. must D. may 14.—Will you read a story, Mummy? — OK. You _____ have one if you go to bed as soon as possible. (2011 陕西) A. might B. must C. could D. shall 15. — No one _____ be compared with Yao Ming in playing basketball. — Oh, you are really his big fan. (2011 湖南) A. can B. need C. must D. might 16. ______ be the postman at the door, It‘s only sis o‘clock. (2011 江西) A. mustn‘t B. can‘t C. won‘t D. needn‘t 17. I got close enough to hear them speaking Chinese, and I said ―Ni Hao‖ just as I ____ do in China.(2012 四川) A. must B. might C. can D. should 18. Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but ____ say where he was. (2012 江苏) A. mustn‘t B. shouldn‘t C. wouldn‘t D. mightn‘t 19. We ____ have bought so much food now that Suzie won‘t be with us for dinner. (2012 江西) A. may not B. needn‘t C. can‘t D. mustn‘t 20. One of our rules is that every student ____ wear school uniform while at school. (2012 辽宁) A. might B. could C. shall D. will
Section C LISTENING AND VOCABULARY, FUNCTION, GRAMMAR 2 PRONUNCIATION , GRAMMAR 3 , WRITING& EVERYDAY ENGLISH 课文考点精解 1. pass through (1)经过,通过 We saw Jane arrive, passing through the little gate into the garden. 我们看见简到了,穿过那扇小门进了花园。 We were passing through , so we thought we‘d come and say hello.我们路经此地,所以想 来问候一声。 (2)经历 They passed through many difficulties in carrying out the plan. 在实施羞这个计划的过程中他们经历了许多困难。 【链接】 pass on 传递 pass down 传承,传递(传统、知识等) pass by 经过,路过 pass away 去世 【辨析】pass through 与 get through pass through“经历,体验” ,不一定成功 He passed rough unspeakable difficulties.他经历了 无法形容的困难。 get through “通过,完成” ,含“成功”之意 He could hardly get through h the work in such a short time.在这么短的时间内他几乎不可能完成这项工作。 【典例剖析】 1. The hunter showed him the way to _____ the forest. A. pass away B. pass through C. pass down D. pass out
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2. That famous mathematician _____ yesterday. A. passed through B. passed on C. passed away D. passed off 3. I can‘t _____ this performance. I‘m so nervous. A. get through B. pass through C. go by D. pass by Section D CULTURAL CORNER 课文整体阅读 I.阅读表达(根据课文内容完成下列各题)~p.195 1. Where is Colin McCorquodale from? _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. What rules does he follow when he sticks a little red pin in the map? _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. List the things he takes with him wherever he goes. _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is Mr McCorquodale‘s favourite place in Europe and in Asia according to the text? _______________________________________________________________________________ 课文考点精解 1. everywhere ‘无论哪里“,在句中作连词用,引导让步状语从句,相当于 wherever。 Everywhere you go, you‘d better tell your parents.无论去哪里,你最好和你父母打声招呼。 【链接】 Everywhere 的其他用法: (1)通常用作副词,不要在其前使用 in,at,to 之类的介词。 I‘ve looked everywhere for it.我到处都找过它了。 He takes his dog with him everywhere.他无论到哪儿都带着他的狗。 误区警示:有时根据需要可与介词 from 连用。 Congratulations poured in from everywhere.、祝贺像潮水般从四面八方涌来。 (2)有时可用作表语,表示某种情况很普遍。 Girls with long hair were everywhere in the 1960s.在 20 世纪 60 年代女孩子留长发的现象相当 普遍。 (3)有时用作名词(作主语) 。 Everywhere seemed to be silent.万籁俱寂。 学法点拨:be everywhere 为固定表达法,意为“到处都是;随处可见” 。 Mobile phones are everywhere these days. 如今手机随处可见。 【典例剖析】 1. His dog follows him _____ he goes. A. where B. everywhere C. every placed. D. the place where 2. Good people and good deeds can be found _____ . A. where B. wherever C. everywhere D. no matter where 2. only if 引导条件状语从句,意为“只有??;除非??才??” I‘ll lend you the book only if you return it on time. 只要按时归还这本书,我就借给你。~Only If I get a job I will have enough money to go to school. 只有我找到工作才有足够的钱上学。 Only if we stick to the study of English can we make progress in it. 只有我们坚持学习英语,我 们才能取得进步。 Make a call only if it‘s important.只有事情重要时才打电话。 辨析:only if 与 if only only if 引导条件状语从句,应用真实语气,表示“只要,只有” if only 后面接从句,应用虚拟语气,表示“要是??就好了” If only I were as clever as you! 要是我像你一样聪明该多好啊! (对现在的虚拟) If only she would come! 但愿她能来! (对将来的虚拟)

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If only I had finished my homework! 要是我已完成我的作业就好啦! (对过去的虚拟) If only I had passed the last exam((how happy I would be)!上次考试我要是及格该多好啊 (我 会多么高兴啊)! 【典例剖析】 1. You eat the correct foods _____ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. only if; will you B. only if; you will C. unless; will you D. unless; you will 2. Only when we saw the photos about the Shanghai Expo _____ how splendid it was. A. had we known B. we had known C. did we know D. We know 3. _____you eat the correct foods _____ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 3. describe vt .叙述,描写,描述 Words cannot describe her beauty.用语言无法形容她的美丽。 He described how she looked in the dress. 他描述她穿着那件衣服的样子。 Several people described seeing strange light in the sky.好几个人都说看到天上出现了奇异的光 芒。 Jim was described by his colleagues as ―unusual‖.吉姆被同事们称为“不寻常”的人。 【拓展】 describe…as.把??视为??(as 后可跟名词,也可跟形容词) He described himself as an artist.他自称为一名艺术家。 He described my plan as unrealistic.他批评我的计划不切实际。 【单词积累】 description n.描述,描写 descriptive adj .叙述性的,描写的 【链接】 work as 担任 serve as 担任 act as 担任 treat as 把??看作;对待 look on…as 把??看作 think of …as 把??看作 regard… as 把??看作 【典例剖析】 1. He _____ in detail how the accident happened. A. painted B. described C. Pictured D. sketched 2. The scenery of the West Lake is beautiful beyond _____. A. control B. comparison C. Recognition D. description 4. that 引导同位语从句 常作 news, fact, hope, idea, suggestion, promise, thought, doubt, belief, truth , request, proposal, demand 等名词的同位语。 误区警示:名词性从句句是高考重重点考查的语法项目之一。尤其是 that 引导:的同位语从 句和定语从句的区别是高考的考点之一。 学法点拨:that 引导同位语从句和定语从句的区别在于:引导定语从句时,that 为关系代词, 在从句中作主语或宾语,而引导同位语从句时,that 在句中只起引导词的作佣,不起句法作 用。 There is a rule that we should obey. (that 引导定语从句,并在从句中作宾语)有一项规则我 们应该遵守。 The advice that we should go out for a walk is well received. (that 引导位语从句)我们应该出去 走走的建议备受欢迎。 I have no idea when they will be back and settle down. (when 引导同位语从句)我不知道他们什 么时候回来定居。 【典例剖析】 (2012.江苏高考)The notice came around two in the afternoon _____ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how 根据汉语意思完成句子~p.1921.

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1. 我们应该禁止人们拿动物做实验。 We should forbid people to _______ _______ animals. 2. 更多的著名科学家被招来以找到解决这个问题的方法。 More famous scientists were _______ _______ to find out a solution to this problem. 3. 读书是打开知识宝库的关键。 Reading is _______ _______ _______ the treasure house of knowledge. 4. 她是被她叔叔在一个渔村里抚养长大的。 She was _______ _______ by her uncle in a fishing village. 5. 由于飞行员罢工,所有的航班都被取消。 _______ _______ _______ _______ the pilots‘ strike, all flights were cancelled. 句型转换(把下列句子变成被动语态)~p. 192 1. Thousands of islands make up the country. _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. The reporter is interviewing the famous actress in the lab. _______________________________________________________________________________ 3. To our joy, they have brought down the price, _______________________________________________________________________________ 1. We must take good care of the homeless children. _______________________________________________________________________________ 2. He will publish another best-selling novel next year. _______________________________________________________________________________ 完成句子 p.193 1. Since the Party _______ _______ (执政) ,people have benefited a lot. 2. He is famous as an actor _______ _______ _______(一部分是因为)his humorous looking. 3. The doctor _______ _______ _______ _______(诊断此病为)influenza. 4.ln 1921 Einstein _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _______(被授予诺贝 尔物理学奖). 5. Last year he _______ _______(从??毕业)Yale in law. 6.Take warm clothes(万一)_______ _______ _______ cold weather. 7.Jinan _______ _______ _______(作为??而出名)‖Spring City‖ _______ _______(因为) its 72 springs, which _______ _______ _______(为??所知)us all. 8. He hopes to _______ _______ _______(谋生)by selling drinks. 根据汉语意思完成句子 p. 193 1. 他执政后,为人民做了很多工作。 After he _______ _______ _______ did a lot of work for the people. 2. 这位科学家通过不同品种的杂交培植出了一种新的水稻。 The scientist developed a new kind of rice _______ _______ _______ _______. 3. 我们已经乘车游览了许多名胜。 _______ _______ _______ , we have been to many places of interest. 4. 简而言之,我们应该对数字化系统大量投资。 _______ _______, we should invest heavily in digital systems.

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