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东北三省三校2014届高三第一次联合模拟考试英语试题(word版)


2014 年东北三省三校第一次高考模拟考试 英语
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题) 。考试结束,将本试卷和答题卡一并 交回。 (满分 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟) 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其

他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

第 I 卷(选择题,共 100 分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What is the man doing now? A.Watching TV. B.Playing a game. C. Preparing for an exam. 2.Why hasn’t Adam come yet? A.He was absorbed in his work. B.He quarreled with the woman. C.He wasn’t informed of the meeting time. 3.Where does the conversation take place? A.At the man’s house. B.At a bank. C.At a university. 4.How many students are there in the speakers’ class? A.18. B.21. C.20. 5.What are the speakers talking about? A.A workmate. B.A classmate. C.A neighbour. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.What is beside the computer center? A.The sports center. B.The classroom building. C.The library. 7.Where will the speakers go next? A.To the library. B.To the sports center. C. To the computer center. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.Why doesn’t the man want to watch the World Cup Final? A.He isn’t good at football. B.He won’t have time.
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C.His TV doesn’t work. 9.What does the woman like? A.Football. B.Golf. C.Horse riding. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 、 10.Why is the man unwilling to go to Florida? A.It’s too boring. B.It’s too expensive. C.It’s too crowded. 11.What did the speakers do last year? A.They travelled around Sky Valley Resort. B.They attended a New Year’s Eve party. C.They went skiing. 12.How does the woman feel in the end? A.Annoyed. B.Pleased. C.Excited. 13.What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A.Neighbours. B.Workmates. C.Policewoman and victim. 14.What is the purpose of the woman’s visit to the man? A.To borrow his telephone. B.To get information about a theft. C.To ask him to call the police. 15.What happened last night? A.The woman’s house was broken into. B.The window of the woman’s house was smashed(打碎). C.The woman’s car was broken into. 16.What did the woman do last night? A.She worked late. B.She bought a CD player. C.She went to a party. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.What is the speaker mainly talking about? A.Doxey’s theory. B. The development of tourism. C. The influence of social factors on tourism. 18.Why do people in the host area welcome the tourists in the first stage? A.They benefit from them. B.They are curious. C.They learn from them. 19.What influences relationships between tourists and host people in the second stage? A.Commercial factors. B.Political factors. C.Social factors. 20.What does the govemment do in the fourth stage? A.They protect the host area. B.They set more restrictions. C.They provide public services. 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题
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卡上将该项涂黑。 A Nicolai Calabria has already become one of the best 106-pound wrestlers. He has successfully climbed to the top of the highest mountain in Africa, and most importantly, he’s changed the attitude of any normal person who watches him compete. The 17-year-old teenager has one leg. He was born that way, but his goal is to show it’s not the one thing that defines him. He would also be the first one to tell you that he just wants to prove to others and himself that he’s just like other normal ones. When Calabria was young, his parents tried different prostheses(假肢)to find out which was most comfortable for their son as he tried to keep up with a family, who has a preference for sports. At first, the Calabrias had their middle child in a prosthesis that looked and functioned like a “real” leg, but soon they decided to choose a different path when they found it wasn’t beneficial to his movement. Then the family moved him to arm crutches (手杖) and from there a new burst of energy was found. Getting others to believe that he could take off on the soccer field took a little bit longer. When the Calabrias moved to Concord, they had a hard time convincing the town soccer program to allow a child like him to compete with able-bodied kids. After months and months of debates and meetings, the family received the answer they were looking for. Since then, witnessing a young man on crutches who competes against those with two legs has become a fixed event in the Concord community. “At that time I had nothing but discouragement working with the soccer community, however, now I have nothing but admiration for the fact that he’s been allowed to play, and people see that he adds value to game,” his father said. “I just think it’s a great result.” 21.This passage shows us a boy with one leg __________. A.can do what a normal teenager can B.is realizing as many dreams as he can C.can make a sport event more valuable D.can add value to society 22.We can learn from Paragraph 5 that __________. A. Calabria proved to be the most excellent player of the team B.it was not easy for Calabria to be accepted to the town soccer team C.Calabria’s parents didn’t allow him to play soccer at first D.there are some other disabled children in the soccer team 23.In Paragraph 5, the underlined part probably means __________. A.a must-see B.a planned programme C.an extra game D.a special occasion 24.It is implied in the last paragraph that Nicolai’s father __________. A.has been discouraged since Nicolai played soccer B.thinks that Nicolai is playing a key role in the team C.is very delighted that Nicolai can play soccer in the team D.hasn’t expected that Nicolai can be allowed to play soccer B Some colors people see late at night could cause signs of clinical depression. That was the finding of a study that builds on earlier study findings. They show that individuals who live or work in low levels of light overnight can develop clinical depression. Doctors use the word
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“clinical depression” to describe severe form of depression. Signs may include loss of interest or pleasure in most activities, low energy levels and thoughts of death or suicide. In the new study, American investigators designed an experiment that exposed hamsters(仓 鼠)to different colors. The researchers chose hamsters because they are nocturnal, which means they sleep during the day and are active at night. The animals were separated into four groups. One group of hamsters was kept in the dark during their night-time period. Another group was placed in front of a blue light, a third group slept in front of a white light, while a fourth was put in front of a red light. After four weeks, the researchers noted how much sugary water the hamsters drank. They found that the most depressed animals drank the least amount of water. Randy Nelson heads the Department of Neuroscience at Ohio State University. He says animals that slept in blue and white light appeared to be the most depressed. “What we saw is that these animals didn’t show any sleep uneasiness at all but they did mess up biological clock genes and they did show depressive sign while if they were in the dim(微弱)red light, they did not.” Randy Nelson notes that photosensitive(感光)cells in the eyes have little to do with eyesight. He says these cells send signals to the area of the brain that controls what has been called the natural sleep-wake cycle. He says there’s a lot of blue in white light. This explains why the blue light and white light hamsters appear to be more depressed than the hamsters seeing red light or darkness. 25.Researchers use hamsters in the experiment because __________. A.they are similar to humans in dealing with colors B.they are easy to observe and study C.they are sensitive to colors like human beings D.they are active at night and sleep during the day 26.What sign shows that the hamsters are being depressed? A.They drink less sugary water. B.They don’t sleep well. C.Their eyesight becomes worse. D.Their energy level becomes low. 27.__________ tends to cause hamsters to be depressed. A.Dim light B.Red light C.Blue light D.Darkness 28.What can help people who work late at night to avoid being depressed? A.Not being exposed to dim red light when using computers. B.Equipping their computer screens to put it more in the reddish light. C.Living or working in low levels of light overnight. D.Going to see doctors of clinical depression regularly for help. C Welcome to the world of multitasking — a place where the measure of a person is how many jobs they can perform at the same time. In fact, if experts are to be believed, multitasking is a disastrous idea. One of the opponents of multitasking is Dr. Clifford Nass, a professor at Stanford University. “People who multitask frequently are less able to pay attention; they’re worse at managing their memory.” he said. In his opinion, the loss that we get with multitasking is harmless in some situations, for example, part of doing business in the digital world: but you can’t do serious work
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like writing, thinking or solving an important problem this way. You do worse even as you think you’re doing better. All the time the research points to a simple fact: the brain cannot cope. When you stop midway through composing a report to check an email, you force your brain to stop and regroup. It is like pressing the pause button during a movie, meaning the film takes longer to watch. And as for Dr. Nass, the problems extend beyond the brain. Young people who frequently multitask are not as socially and emotionally healthy as those who don’t. They just feel more emotionally satisfied and the feeling is so good and they are bound to desire it again. Todd Oppenheimer, a writer said “We’ve become a very short-term society and don’t reward people for taking a lot of time on something.” He fears we may end up losing the next generation of great thinkers. “It’s really unfortunate because the long-term challenges of our world — environmental issues, financial issues — require people to think wisely about the long-term consequences of what they do. And it’s no coincidence that the kind of people who do think long-term don’t multitask.” 29.According to Dr. Nass, multitasking __________. A.makes the performance emotionally affected only B.contributes to memorizing various things C.may result in losing the next generation of great thinkers D.can be performed using digital tools 30.From the passage, we can tell __________. A.the loss that we get with multitasking is harmless B.we mistakenly believe that we’re doing better by switching between tasks C.doing multitasking does harm to us in every area D.for every task you add to your multitasking, you can finish your goal quicker 31.Which of the following is a multitasking addict? A.You turn your cellphone to silence when you’re out to dine with friends. B.You watch from start to finish without distraction when playing a DVD. C.You have your office desk covered with paperwork from various unfinished projects. D.You feel that when you try to do too much at once, the result always suffers. 32.The author mainly wants to tell us __________. A.the less you switch, the better you do B.it is more efficient to do things all in a mixed way C.it takes longer for us to become a great thinker D.we shouldn’t be lazy if we want to accomplish many tasks D Plan on traveling around the USA? There are a number of outstanding websites that can make your American dream come true. www. 101usaholidays. co. uk This is the latest offering that features 101 holiday ideas to the USA. It’s a diverse selection, ranging from touring in the footsteps of Martin Luther King to a golfing break in Arizona and a cycling and wine-tasting trip in California’s Napa Valley. Narrow down what you’re looking for — whether by price, region, theme and who will be traveling — and then just the photos of the relevant holidays remain on view. It’s a really clever design. http://byways. Org
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The National Scenic Byways Program covers 150 memorable roads. Some are natural scenic routes, such as Route l along the California coast. Others focus on history (such as Route 66) or man-made attractions (the Las Vegas Strip). For each, you’re provided with a map telling the route’s length and how long is allowed. www. oyster. com This is the best website for reviews of hotels in US cities and tourist sites. There are photos of each hotel. Importantly, these are not promotional photos provided by the hotels, but more honest and revealing ones taken by inspectors. From the 243 hotels reviewed in New York, you can narrow down what you are looking for by locations, facilities and styles, or just pick out a selection of the best. http://seaworldparks. com. SeaWorld in San Diego can make dreams come true, but the price is not affordable for the majority of people. So turn to long-established, giving big discounts on tickets, hotel and dining at SeaWorld. 33.The text is probably from __________. A.a science report B.a news article C.a travel brochure D.a book review 34. Travel ideas for wine lovers are available at __________. A.www. 101usaholidays. co. uk B.http: //byways. org C.www. oyster. com D.http: //seaworldparks. com 35.What can be inferred from the text? A.You can see some man-made attractions driving along Route 66. B.The National Scenic Byways Program covers all American roads. C.Photos on www. oyster. com can be trusted by tourists. D.http://seaworldparks. com is a newly established website. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Don’t you just love ice skating every winter? I am sure that since winter is approaching, your skates are set to come out, just waiting to be used. Impress your friends with your new trick on how to ice-skate backwards with the help of these tips. Stand straight The first thing that you need to do is, stand straight. 36 , if you feel that you are falling backwards. Don’t worry; this happens to all. Confidence is what you need The most important step while learning how to skate backwards, is having enough confidence in yourself and in what you are doing. How can you achieve this? By practice. One of the important ice skating tips and techniques is that if you feel that you are losing your balance, then scissor(做剪式运动)your skates. 37 . Maintain speed Try sculling(滑)with one skate while rolling in a straight line with the other. 38 . Now bring the skate which you are using to scull, and then again, repeat the same process. Make sure that you put most of your weight on the skate which is moving straight and not the one with which you are sculling.
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Now, try the same thing using the other foot. 39 . Once you are confident that you can scull with either foot, the next thing that you have to do is increase your speed. Try some of your own tricks now. Scull with either foot or with both at the same time. Scull and be aware While you keep one foot straight, keep sculling with the other. You can do that with both feet at the same time. 40 , but don’t get so involved that you don’t see where you are going. If you are not watching your back, you might just bang against something or someone. A.That is, keep pushing yourself backwards with an outwards stroke(滑动) B.While going backwards, just get used to the feeling of moving backwards C.Keep practicing this till you are confident about it D.Increase your speed now E.One must be brave enough to learn to ice-skate backwards F.Concentrate on what you are doing G.Just put your chin up and slightly bend your knees 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was Easter 1990, and my family was on a once-m-a-lifetime trip to the Solomon Islands for my sister’s wedding. I was traveling with my husband, my four-year-old son and been 41 it was very hot in the Solomons, so we’d 42 lots my daughter, who was nearly two. We’d of light cotton clothes and were wearing the same as it was summer. The only problem was that we had to catch an overnight bus that 43 at midnight for the airport so we could make our early morning 44 to Honiara. It was cold on the bus! My husband and I were snuggling(依偎)our children as best we could, trying to keep them 45 . The bus stopped many times as passengers got on and off, and we didn’t take much 46 . The little ones were 47 , unable to sleep for the biting cold. Then at one stop, an older lady came forward from the back of the bus and paused by our seat. I sat forward to see what she wanted and she 48 out a small knee rug(毛毯). My little girl reached 49 for it and pulled it tight 50 her. The lady said she’d made the rug herself and, seeing that we were cold, she wanted us to use it. After she went back to her seat, our now-warm children 51 off, and they slept snugly all the way to the airport. Just a stop or two 52 we arrived, the rug lady made her way to the door to get off. I tried to 53 the children to return her blanket, but she protested. “No,” she said, “ 54 it. I can always make another one!” Over the years, that little blanket became a 55 to me and to my children of the kindness of strangers. I told the story to the children over and over and hung the rug on the end of my daughter’s bed so we would see it often. That rug was handmade with the colours carefully chosen. Yet its maker 56 with it to keep my family warm for a night. If ever people were bad or 57 , it served as a 58 that there is goodness in the world. I am forever 59 , not just for the warmth that night, but for the lifelong reminder of
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the

60

of people. That blanket has warmed my life. B.told B.piled B.went B.trip B.warm B.notice B.noisy B.made B.eagerly B.on B.went B.until B.unwrap B.possess B.mark B.parted B.sensitive B.gift B.pitiful B.warmth C.advised C.packed C.pulled C.ride C.calm C.action C.restless C.put C.patiently C.over C.nodded C.as C.unfold C.return C.symbol C.deserted C.cautious C.reminder C.excited C.welcome D.persuaded D.discovered D.drove D.flight D.quiet D.attention D.energetic D.held D.bravely D.towards D.shook D.before D.unpack D.bring D.decoration D.handed D.ugly D.reward D.grateful D.help

41. A.confirmed 42. A.offered 43. A.left 44 A.train . 45. A.comfortable 46. A.care 47. A.naughty 48. A.showed 49. A.silently 50. A.around 51. A.slept 52. A.after 53. A.unload 54. A.keep 55. A.sign 56. A.remained 57. A.cruel 58. A.story 59. A.delighted 60. A.goodness

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 50 分)
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节: (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填人适当的内容 (不多于 3 个单词) 或括号内单词的正确形式。 It was a sunny day. A little boy’s father was sitting on the couch, drinking a beer while watching 61 basketball match. Seeing this, the boy rushed to his father and shouted, “Daddy, show me how to play catch!” The father, staring 62 the television screen, replied, “ Let me finish watching the match. Play outside and come back in five minutes. ” “Okay, Daddy!” said the boy, running out of the room. Five minutes later, the boy returned, 63 (scream), “Daddy, let’s play catch now!” By this time, the father had opened another cold beer and another match was beginning. 64 (patient) with the boy’s interruption. the dad brought a magazine to his son. On the cover of the magazine was a large picture of the world. The father, who was angry and 65 (bother), began tearing the magazine cover into small 66 . Then, the father turned to his boy and said, “Son, once you put this picture back together, we can play catch, but do not interrupt me again 67 you finish.” A few minutes later, the boy returned and said, “I 68 (finish), Daddy! Can we play catch now?” Surprised, the father glanced towards his child, and 69 lay the magazine with the world pieced perfectly together in his small hands. The dad asked his child how he put the world together so quickly. ‘‘ 70 was simple,” said the boy. “On the back of the world was the picture of a person,
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and once I put the person together, that’s when the world came together.”

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Of all my teachers, Mr. Smith is the one who impresses me most. Because he is 54, he looks very young at his age. And he’s one of the most popular teachers m our school. Compared with other teacher, Mr. Smith pays more attention to his way of teaching. He tries various ways to make his class lively and interestingly. In his opinion, we would not only know “what”, but also understand “why”. So, instead of giving us answers immediately, he encourages us to think by themselves whenever he puts forward questions. With his help, we learned how to analyze and settle down problems. What a wonderful world of “what” he leads us to ! He is such a learning person that we all admire him very much. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 上周日,你们学校组织了一次志愿者活动。假设你是李华,请你根据以下提示给校报写 一封信,报道相关情况,要点包括: 1.活动地点:文化广场; 2.活动形式:发传单,做演讲; 3.活动内容:宣传地震常识和防震知识; 4.参加活动的感受。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:leaflet 传单 Dear Editor, We took part in a voluntary activity organized by our school last Sunday. ________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours. Li Hua

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2014 年东北三省三校第一次高考模拟考试

英语参考答案
第 I 卷(选择题,共 100 分)
听力: 阅读: 七选五: 完型: 1~5 21~24 36~40 41~45 CABBA ABAC GCADF BCADB 6~10 25~28 46~50 CBACB DACB BCDBA 11~15 29~32 51~55 CAABC DBCA CDBAC 16~20 33~35 56~60 CABAC CAC BACDA

第 II 卷(非选择题,共 50 分)
语法填空: 61.a 62.at 63.screaming 66.pieces 67. until / before 68. have finished 改错: 第一行:Because 改为 Though/Although 第二行:at 改为 for 第三行:teacher 改为 teachers 第四行:interestingly 改为 interesting 第五行:would 改为 should 第六行:themselves 改为 ourselves 第七行:learned 前加 have 第八行:去掉 down 引号中 what 改为 why 第九行:learning 改为 learned 书面表达:One Possible Version: Dear Editor, We took part in a voluntary activity organized by our school last Sunday. We gathered at the Culture Square, passing leaflets to passers-by from which they can learn what the earthquake is and how to protect themselves against the earthquake. The leaflets drew the attention of the public to the damage that an earthquake can cause and told them to take action in a right and efficient way. Some made a public speech, telling people about the best place they can hide when an earthquake occurs. We have learned much from the voluntary activity, which offers us an opportunity to contribute to society. We told the public about the situation because we thought everyone should be concerned about each other and take responsibility for promoting a public cause. Best wishes! Yours, Li Hua 64.Impatient 69.there 65.bothered 70.It/ That/This

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听力部分录音稿
1.W: John, why don’t you watch NBA games on TV? M: Oh, I’m studying for a Chinese test tomorrow. 2.M: Where is Adam? He was supposed to meet us here half an hour ago, but he hasn’t come yet. W: I’ve just phoned and we’ve had a quarrel. He was busy with the contract and didn’t notice the time. 3.M: May I help you? W: Yes, I’d like to apply for a loan. We need the loan to build an addition to our house. M: All right. I’ll give you an application form. You can fill it out here, or take it home if you like. 4.M: Hello, Kate. Do you know how many students will go to the mountain? W: Our monitor said that the whole class will go except Tom. He has something urgent to do. That is, 20 students. M: Oh, 18 students have been there by now. 5.W: Chris, did you know about Gemma Hudson? Have you heard that she’s leaving? M: Really? How do you know that? W: She told me. She’s leaving next month. M: Actually, I’m not surprised. I didn’t think she was very happy working here. 6.W: What is the tall building over there? M: It’s the library, which houses over half a million books. It also has computer labs and quiet study spaces. W: And the building next to it? M: That’s the computer center. The IT facilities are really advanced there. Some of its classrooms are open 24 hours a day. W: Is there a sports center on campus? M: Of course. The sport facilities are excellent. A stadium is on the northeast side of the campus. A 50-metre swimming pool is just beside it. There is a football match this afternoon. Let’s go there and have a look. 7.W: So, do you like watching the World Cup? M: Um, no. I can’t stand it. W: Mmm, I hate it too. But I want to watch the World Cup Final this weekend. But our TV won’t work. M: I can’t play, that’s my problem. If I’m not very good at a sport, I don’t like watching it. W: So, what do you like, then? M: I play golf. W: Oh, right. My husband plays too. I’m not interested in it, though. I go horse riding. M: I’d love to have a go at riding if I have time. I bet it’s good fun. 8.M: So, Sally, we should probably start thinking about our winter vacation plans. W: Yeah, I think we should fly down to Florida for a couple of weeks. M: Uh, I’d really prefer not to. Those holiday travel packages cost way too much. W: Well, how about skiing up at Sky Valley Resort for a week or so? M: I’d rather not. We did it last year. Remember? W: And we had a really good time. Do you have any suggestions?
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M: Umm… you know, I never have any good ideas. W: OK. Here’s something different. How about going to the New Year’s Eve party in New York City? We’ve always wanted to do that. M: But I don’t really like big parties. They’re always crowded. W: You’re driving me crazy, Tom! All right. Let’s just stay home for two weeks! M: No way! That sounds too boring! Can’t you think of anything else? 9.W: Andy, are you busy at the moment? M: Oh, hi. Well, actually I’m expecting an important call from the office any minute but go ahead. W: I’m sorry, but it’s really important. It’s about the car. It was broken into last night… M: Oh, no! W: I want to know if you saw or heard anything. M: Did I see anything? Where? W: In the road. Did you see anybody looking suspicious? M: No, I don’t think I looked out of the window. W: Can you remember if you heard anything? They can’t have done it completely silently. I came back late from a party and I parked it at about 11:30, and then I had a shower and went to bed. M: No, I’m sorry. What have they taken? W: Well, this morning I found the driver’s window smashed. There’s glass everywhere, and the CD player has gone. M: How annoying! Is anything else missing? W: Well, it could have been worse. Luckily, there wasn’t much in the car anyway. 10.M: In today’s lecture we’ll begin with Doxey’s model for the socio-cultural impact of tourism. He identifies four stages. He identifies the first stage as happiness. Because initially the tourists are regarded as a new and interesting thing. As tourist development begins to increase, some sections of the local population become involved with tourists while others don’t, and it is increasingly the case that commercial rather than social factors are influencing relationships between tourists and the host community. People are less interested in the tourists for their own sake. This is identified as the second stage by Doxey. If development continues to increase, the hosts get annoyed with the tourists, and this is the third stage. Well, development of the tourist area may start to get out of control, which is going to make life difficult for local people. So the policy makers, the government, the local authorities, and so on, provide more roads, more car parks and so on to try to help cope with the coming of tourists. But the lives of the local people are made increasingly difficult and in the final stage of the model, the hosts show unkindness to the tourists.

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