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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库强化练习(新课标专用)Book 3 Unit4 Word版含解析]


Unit 4
Ⅰ.单项填空

Astronomy: the science of the stars

1.—I was trying to carry out the plan, but I failed. —Well, you________, for we were uncertain it would do________

. A.needn't do that;in fact B.needn't have done;in effect C.needn't have;in practice D.needn't;in time 答案 C [needn't have done 没有必要做某事而做了, 为避免重复, 答语中可省略动词, 只保留助动词 have。in fact=in effect,实际上;in practice 在实践中;in time 及时;迟早。 句意:——我试图实施这计划,但我失败了。——哦,你本没有必要那么做,因为我们不确 定在实践中它是否有效。] 2.Tom has agreed to let me use his computer to surf the Internet, and________I' m treating him to a good dinner at the newlybuilt restaurant just around the corner. A.in charge C.in return B.in place D.in turn

答案 C [考查介词短语的辨析。 in charge 负责; 掌管; in place 在适当的位置; in return 做为回报;in turn 反过来。句意:汤姆同意我让我用他的电脑上网,做为回报,我要在拐角 处新开的饭馆请他好好吃一顿。] 3.We should do what we have to do________we can do what we want to do in the future. A.so that C.for fear that B.in case D.now that

答案 A [考查状语从句的连接词。so that 因此;以便于;in case 以防;万一;for fear that 担心;now that 既然。句意:我们应该做那些不得不做的事以便于我们将来能做那些我 们想做的事。] 4.The computer system________suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet. A.broke down B.broke out

C.broke up

D.broke in

答案 A [考查动词短语的辨析。break down 出故障;break out(战争、火灾等)爆发; break up 解散;分手;break in 闯入。句意:他在网上查找信息时电脑系统突然坏了。] 5.Chinese President Hu Jintao called for an immediate ceasefire in Libya________an even worse humanitarian crisis in the country at the BRICS Summit in Hainan Province. A.to prevent C.preventing 答案 A B.to have prevented D.having prevented

[考查动词不定式作目的状语。句意:在海南举行的金砖四国会议上中国主

席胡锦涛呼吁利比亚立即停火以避免引起更严重的人道主义危机。] 6.The school has developed an online system________ students can choose their own teachers. A.which C.that B.when D.where

答案 D [考查定语从句的引导词。先行词为 system,且在从句中作状语,故用 where 引导。句意:学校研发了一个网络系统,在这一系统中学生可以选择自己的老师。] 7.We are all surprised to see him drive a Benz.Who knows________he got so much money to afford it? A.how C.whether B.where D.what

答案 A [考查宾语从句的引导词。how 表方式,符合句意及结构。句意:我们看到他 开着奔驰都很吃惊。谁知道他是怎么挣到那么多钱的?] 8.The discussion was held in a lively________with members talking freely to each other. A.atmosphere C.situation 答案 A B.weather D.phenomenon

[考查名词词义的辨析。atmosphere 气氛;氛围; weather 天气; situation

情形;状况; phenomenon 现象。句意:讨论在热烈的气氛中进行,成员自由地相互讨论。] 9.Give yourself 10% of________is left for your work and let me have the rest. A.which C.what B.that D.where

答案 C [考查宾语从句的引导词。从句中缺少主语应用 what 引导。句意:你做剩余

工作的 10%,让我做其他的。] 10.We rent a beach house with two small rooms,________can serve as a kitchen. A.the smaller of which B.a smaller of which C.the smaller of them D.smaller of that 答案 A [考查定语从句的引导词。 先行词为 rooms, 应用 which 引导; “the +比较级” 表示两者之中“较……的那一个”。句意:我们租了一座有两个房间的海滨房,其中较小的那 个房间可用作厨房。] 11.The manager had fallen asleep where he________,without undressing. A.was laying C.had laid B.was lying D.had lied

答案 B [考查动词辨析。lay 放置;搁;产卵,其过去式、过去分词为 laid,laid;lie 躺,其过去式、过去分词分别为 lay,lain;lie 说谎,其过去式、过去分词为 lied,lied。句 意:经理没脱衣服就在他躺着的地方睡着了。] 12.—Sorry, I'm late for work. —Is that________you got stuck in a traffic jam again? A.why C.because B.how D.when

答案 C [考查句型的辨析运用。 This/That/It is because...那是因为……, 从句表示原因; This/That/It is why...那就是……原因,从句表示结果。由语境可知 C 项正确。句意:——对 不起我上班晚了。——那是因为你遇上了交通堵塞吗?] 13.Newyborn babies are good sleepers. The amount of their sleep is________that of adults. A.several times larger than B.a few times the size of C.as several times as D.a few times deeper than 答案 A [考查比较级的用法。倍数的表达法之一是“倍数+比较级+than”,句子主语 为 the amount,表示数量,故应用 large 或 small 来修饰,故 A 项正确。句意:新生婴儿睡

眠很好。他们的睡眠时间是成年人的好几倍。] 14.The two girls are so alike that strangers find________difficult to tell one from the other. A.it C.her B.them D.that

答案 A [考查 it 作形式宾语。该句中 find 宾语为 to tell one from the other。句意:那 两个女孩长得那么像以至于陌生人发现很难把他们分开来。] 15.—I'm not good at singing ,you know. —________It's just for fun. A.Don't say so. C.What a pity! B.Come on. D.Cheer up.

答案 B [考查情景交际。 Don't say so.不要这样说。 不符合情景交际的特点; Come on. 得了吧;来吧; What a pity! 真可惜!真遗憾! Cheer up 振作点。答语句意:来吧!我们 只是玩。] Ⅱ.完形填空 Have you ever come across this thing?When a rather dirty,poorly dressed person kneels at your feet and reaches out his hands to beg for a few coins,do you hurry to go,not knowing what to do,or do you feel sad and hurriedly __16__ some money?What should our attitude __17__ beggars be?There can be __18__ question that the world is full of terribly sad stories.It __19__ be terrible to have no idea where our next meal is going to come from.It seems __20__ not to give some money to beggars. __21__,most of the world's great religions order us to be openhearted and __22__ what we have with those luckier than ourselves.But has the world changed?Maybe what was morally right in the old days,__23__ one knew exactly who in the village had suffered misfortune and needed help,is no longer the best idea.Quite a few people will not give some money to beggars.Let us look at their __24__. Firstly,some believe that many city beggars dress themselves up __25__ to look pitiable but actually make a good __26__.Giving something to beggars only encourages this sort of evil(恶 行).__27__,there is the worry that the money you give will be spent on beers,wines or drugs.Thirdly,there is the opinion __28__ there is no real excuse for begging.One might be poor, __29__ that is no reason for losing one's sense of __30__ and selfdependence. Related to this is the opinion that the problem should be handled by the government __31__

ordinary people.Some people think beggars should go to the local government department and __32__ help. It is hard to come to any final conclusion:there are various __33__ and we must __34__ them differently.A few coins can save a life in some situations,and even if the money is wasted, that does not take away the moral goodness of the __35__. 【解题导语】 当你在路上遇到一个人伸手向你乞讨时,你会怎么做呢?虽然很多人富 于同情心而给予那个人帮助,但也有人认为我们应该区别对待向我们乞讨的人。 16.A.put away C.take in B.hand over D.get out

答案 B [put away 意为“把……收起来放好”; hand over 意为“把……交给……”; take in 意为“吸入;欺骗”;get out 意为“泄露”。根据文章的意思可知 B 项是正确答案。此处表示感 觉很难过并急忙递过去一些钱。] 17.A.at C.over B.in D.towards

答案 D [考查固定搭配。attitude 和 towards 是固定搭配。] 18.A.no C.any 答案 A B.some D.not [考查语境。根据句意可知,此处表示世界充满悲惨故事这是毫无疑问的。

所以只能选 A。] 19.A.must C.need B.can D.might

答案 A [考查情态动词表推测的用法。本句是肯定句,所以 can 不合适。而根据句意 可知,当你不知道你的下一顿饭在何方时,那生活肯定是非常悲惨的,所以要选择 must。 might 表示可能性非常小;need 不符合语境。] 20.A.warmhearted C.cruel B.generous D.considerate

答案 C [考查上下文的理解。根据上下文语境可知此处选 C。cruel 意为“残忍的”。] 21.A.Strangely C.Certainly B.Unluckily D.Surprisingly

答案 C [考查语境。这里表示肯定的意思,故选 C。]

22.A.give C.share

B.donate D.contribute

答案 C [考查语境与固定短语。share...with...意为“共同承担,分享”,是固定搭配。] 23.A.why C.what B.when D.how

答案 B [考查定语从句。此处先行词为 the old days,故用关系副词 when。] 24.A.arguments C.sayings B.quarrels D.talks

答案 A [考查名词的辨析。argument 意为“论点”;quarrel 意为“争吵,拌嘴”;saying 意为“格言”;talk 意为“交谈”。根据句子意思可知 A 项是正确答案。] 25.A.on show C.for fun B.on purpose D.by accident

答案 B [考查固定短语。根据语境可知选 B。on show 意为“在展出中”;on purpose 意为“故意,有意地”;for fun 意为“为了消遣”;by accident 意为“偶然”。] 26.A.money C.living B.comfort D.decision

答案 C [考查固定短语。make a living 是固定搭配,意为“谋生,养活自己”,符合句 意。] 27.A.Secondly C.Possibly B.Surely D.Then

答案 A [考查上下文语境。 根据上文中的 Firstly 以及后面的 Thirdly 可知此处选 A。 ] 28.A.what C.that B.whether D.which

答案 C [考查语法知识。the opinion 后接的是 that 引导的同位语从句,用来解释说明 前面的名词 opinion 的具体内容。] 29.A.and C.however B.but D.although

答案 B [考查句意和句子的逻辑关系。根据句意可知,此处为转折关系,所以用 but, 而 however 是副词,不能连接句子。]

30.A.goodness C.security

B.pride D.responsibility

答案 B [根据句意可知,此处表示一个人可以贫困,但是不能失去自尊和自立。] 31.A.rather than C.other than B.or rather D.but also

答案 A [考查固定短语。rather than 意为“而不是”,符合题意 。or rather 意为“更确 切地说”,表示进一步说明;other than 意为“除……以外”;but also 一般和 not only 连用,意 为“不但……而且……”。] 32.A.produce C.earn B.receive D.offer

答案 B [考查语境中动词的辨析。receive help 指客观上得到帮助。句意:乞丐应该 找政府部门寻求帮助。] 33.A.cases C.conditions B.events D.states

答案 A [考查语境。case 在这里表示“具体情况,实例”,而 condition 表示“情况”时 是不可数名词,作可数名词时意为“条件”。] 34.A.go with C.deal with B.communicate with D.meet with

答案 C [考查语境与短语辨析。 deal with“处理”符合句意。 go with 意为“与某物相配”; communicate with 意为“与……交流”;meet with 意为“遭遇”。] 35.A.giver C.villager B.receiver D.government

答案 A [考查语境。根据句意可知,即使钱浪费了,给予者的善良是不可磨灭的。] Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Why should mankind explore space? Why should money, time and effort be spent exploring and researching something with so few apparent benefits? Why should resources be spent on space rather than on conditions and people on Earth? These are questions that, understandably, are very often asked. Perhaps the best answer lies in our genetic makeup(基因构成) as human beings. What drove our ancestors to move from the trees into the plains, and on into all possible areas and

environments? The wider the spread of a species, the better its chance of survival. Perhaps the best reason for exploring space is this genetic tendency to expand wherever possible. Nearly every successful civilization has explored, because by doing so, any dangers in surrounding areas can be identified and prepared for. Without knowledge, we may be completely destroyed by the danger. With knowledge, we can lessen its effects. Exploration also allows minerals and other potential(潜在的) resources to be found. Even if we have no immediate need of them, they will perhaps be useful later. Resources may be more than physical possessions. Knowledge or techniques have been acquired through exploration. The techniques may have medical applications which can improve the length or quality of our lives. We have already benefited from other spinoffs including improvements in earthquake prediction, in satellites for weather forecasting and in communications systems. Even nonstick pans and mirrored sunglasses are byproducts(副产品) of technological developments in the space industry! While many resources are spent on what seems a small return, the exploration of space allows creative, brave and intelligent members of our species to focus on what may serve to save us. While space may hold many wonders and explanations of how the universe was formed or how it works, it also holds dangers. The danger exists, but knowledge can help human beings to survive. Without the ability to reach out across space, the chance to save ourselves might not exist. While Earth is the only planet known to support life, surely the adaptive ability of humans would allow us to live on other planets. It is true that the lifestyle would be different, but human life and cultures have adapted in the past and surely could in the future. 文章大意:本文是一篇议论文,向我们阐述了人类进行太空探索的原因。人类的基因构 成决定了人类探索其他领域包括太空的能力。 人类探索太空可能暂时没有多大用处, 但是在 将来这可能会帮助人类生存下去。 1.Why does the author mention the questions in Paragraph 1? A.To express his doubts. B.To compare different ideas. C.To introduce points for discussion. D.To describe the conditions on Earth. 答案 C [推理判断题。作者在第一段提出问题目的是引出下面要讨论的话题。]

2.What is the reason for exploring space based on Paragraph 2? A.Humans are natureborn to do so. B.Humans have the tendency to fight. C.Humans may find new sources of food. D.Humans don't like to stay in the same place. 答案 A [细节理解题。根据第二段的第一句可知人类探索太空的原因是其基因的构

成。] 3.The underlined word “spin?offs” in Paragraph 4 probably refers to ________. A.survival chances B.potential resources C.unexpected benefits D.physical 答案 C possessions

[词义猜测题。后面所说的“improvements in earthquake prediction,in satellites

for weather forecasting and in communications systems”可知此处的划线短语意为“益处,好 处”。] 4.What makes it possible for humans to live on other planets? A.Our genetic makeup. B.Resources on the earth. C.The adaptive ability of humans. D.Byproducts in space exploration. 答案 C [细节理解题。根据最后一段的第一句话可知,人类的适应能力会让人类在其 他星球生存下去。] 5.Which of the statements can best sum up the passage? A.Space exploration has created many wonders. B.Space exploration provides the best value for money. C.Space exploration can benefit science and technology. D.Space exploration may help us avoid potential problems on Earth. 答案 D [主旨大意题。A、B 两项可以容易地排除。全文主要讲的是太空探索对帮助

人类生存的益处,而不是对科技的益处。] B If your cellphone suddenly stops working, don't blame the service provider. The malfunction(故障) might have been caused by something bigger—a solar storm. Experts expect that the earth will see more solar activities in the near future. The malfunction of electronic devices is just one of the effects. Sunspots(太阳黑子) serve as an indicator of the sun's activity. For the past two years, sunspots have mostly been missing. Their absence, the longest in nearly 100 years, has taken even sun watchers by surprise.

When the number of sunspots drops at the end of each 11year cycle, solar storms die down and all become much calmer. This “solar minimum” doesn't last long. Within a year, sunspots and solar storms begin to build toward a new crescendo,_the next solar maximum. What's special about this latest cycle is that the sun is having trouble starting the next solar cycle. The sun began to calm down in late 2007, so no one expected many sunspots in 2008. They should return in 2010. Scientists have predicted that the next solar cycle could be the most active on record: more sunspots and more solar storms. However, sunspots are mostly missing now. Since the earth is in close contact with the sun, strong solar activities can bring trouble to our life. People of the 21 st century rely on hightech systems for the basics of daily life. Air travel and radio communications can be affected by strong solar activities. A big solar storm could cause 20 times more economic damage than Hurricane Katrina. What the sun will do next is beyond our ability to predict. Most astronomers think that the solar cycle will go on but at low level. However, there is also evidence that the sun is losing its ability to produce sunspots. By 2015, they could be gone altogether. 文章大意:如果你的手机不能正常工作了,请不要把责任推向服务提供商。这样的故障 也许是太阳黑子引起的。 6.The sun watchers feel surprised at________. A. the longest sunspots' absence B. the largest sunspot number C. the malfunction of electronic devices D. the serious damage by sunspots 答案 A 惊。] 7.What does the underlined word “crescendo” in Paragraph 3 most probably mean? A. small number C. usual cycle 答案 B B. high level D. fresh start [细节理解题。从文章第二段可知太阳黑子长时间的消失让太阳观测者很吃

[词义猜测题。 从画线词前面的 solar minimum 和其后的 the next solar maximum

可知太阳黑子和太阳风暴会在一年内形成新高潮,故答案为 B。] 8.We can infer that in the past two years________. A. solar activities have brought much trouble to our life B. the number of sunspots has increased to a large extent C. the solar minimum took the place of the solar maximum D.our cellphones have seldom been interrupted by the solar storm 答案 D [逻辑推理题。从第一段可知手机故障可能是由太阳风暴引起的,再结合第二 段 For the past two years, sunspots have mostly been missing.可推知 D 项正确。] 9.Which statement does the text lead you to believe? A. Solar activities do no harm to our daily life.

B. Hurricane Katrina is also a type of solar storms. C. It's difficult to predict sunspots. D. From now on there're no sunspots. 答案 C IV. 书面表达 世界遗产是人类共同的财富。学校网站英语论坛将开辟专栏讨论开展“保护世界遗产, 人人有责”的活动。假如你是高三(2)班的李华,请根据下面所提供的信息,写一篇英语短 文,参加英语论坛的讨论。 ●世界遗产 历史悠久,内涵丰富,是人类珍贵的文化宝藏…… 自然因素 ●面临的问题 人为因素 社会因素 ● 如何保护 地震、沙尘暴、风化…… 拍电影电视、游客乱刻乱画…… 战争、建设…… [推理判断题。从最后一段可推知太阳黑子是不好预测的,故 C 项正确。]

……(请考生就自身情况列举两至三点。)

注意:1.对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。 2.词数 150 左右。开头已经写好,不计人总词数。 3.参考词汇:风化 weathering;拍电影电视 shoot films and TV plays; 乱刻乱画 scratch World Heritage sites enjoy a long history with rich content. ____________________

【范文】 One possible version: World Heritage sites enjoy a long history with rich content. They are priceless cultural treasures for human beings. However, World Heritage sites are now facing many serious problems. Firstly, some sites are badly damaged or completely destroyed by natural disasters such as earthquakes, sandstorms, weathering and so on. Secondly, many directors choose the beautiful World Heritage sites to shoot films and TV plays. Some visitors scratch on the old buildings, stones and trees, and many sites are seriously polluted. Besides, constant wars and a lot of construction also do great damage to some sites. Obviously, many factors contribute to the damage of World Heritage sites and it’s an urgent task for us to take steps to preserve them…


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