Unit3 Life in the future（重要） I still can not believe that I am taking up the prize that I won last year. I have to remind myself constantly that I am really in AD3008. Worried about the journ
ey, I was unsettled for the first few days. As a result, I suffered from “time lag”. It seems you keep getting flashbacks from your previous time period. So I was very nervous and uncertain at first. However, Wang Ping, gave me some green tablets which helped a lot. Well-known for their expertise, his parents’ company, called “Future Tours”, transported me safely into the future in a time capsule. Later, the space stewardess called us to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening. We felt sleepy after drinking a calming drink. The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming. A few minutes later, we had arrived. I was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future. At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate. The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached. Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment to this new situation, Wang Ping handed a mask to me and I felt better in no time. Soon I was back on my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage. These carriages float above the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat, you can move swiftly. Wang Ping fastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it. Soon I could fly as fast as him. However I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions. He was swept up into the center of them. Then I caught sight of Wang Ping again and flew after him.
ZY: What should I keep in mind? HX: Here comes my list of dos and don'ts: don't miss your deadline, don't be rude… ZY: Why is listening so important? HX: Well, you have to listen for detailed facts. Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the person says. … ZY: I see! Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is how the story goes. A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win. We went to interview him. He denied taking money but we were sceptical. ….So we wrote an article suggesting he was guilty. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong. He tried to stop us publishing it but later we were proved right.
Unit 4: MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly influence his life as a journalist. HX: Welcome. We're delighted you're coming to work with us. … ZY: Can I go out on a story immediately? HX: That' s admirable, but I' m afraid it would be unusual ! Wait till you' re more experienced. First we'll put you as an assistant to an experienced journalist. Later you can cover a story and submit the article yourself. ZY: Wonderful. What do I need to take with me? I already have a notebook and camera. HX: No need for a camera. You'll have a professional photographer with you to take photographs. You'll find your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you' re interested. ZY: Thank you. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills. HX: Good. ZY: What do I need to remember when I go out to cover a story? HX: You need to be curious. Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. We say a good journalist must have a good "nose" for a story. That means you must be able to assess when people are not telling the whole troth and then try to discover it. They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.
Unit 5 First aid （重要） The skin is an essential part of your body and its largest organ. You have three layers of skin which act as a barrier against disease, poisons and the sun’s harmful rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm or cool; it prevernts your body from losing too much water; if your skin gets burned it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the treatment of burns. Causes of burns You can get burned by a variety of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity or chemicals. Types of burns There are three types of burns. Burns are called first, second or third degree burns, depending on which layers of the skin are burned. First aid treatment 1 Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. 2 Cool burns with cool but not icy water. It is best to place burns under gently running water for about 10 minutes. 3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in a basin of cold water, squeezing them out and placing them on the burned area over and over again for about an hour until the pain is not so bad. 4 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rub, as this may break any blisters and the wound may get infected. 5 Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. Hold the bandage in place with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on burns as they keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection. 6 If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible. If burns are on the face, the victim should sit up, 7 If the jnjuries are second or third degree burns, it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.
Unit 1: A SHORT HISTORY OF WESTERN PAINTING Art is influenced by the customs and faith of a people. The Middle Ages (5th to the 15th century AD) During The Middle Ages, the main aim was to represent religious themes. A conventional artist of this period was not interested in showing nature and people as they really were. A typical picture at this time was full of religious symbols. But it was evident that ideas were changing when painters like Giotto di Bondone began to paint religious scenes in a more realistic way. The Renaissance (15th to 16th century) During the Renaissance, People began to concentrate less on religious themes and adopt a more humanistic attitude to life. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were. One of the most important discoveries was how to draw things in perspective. This technique was first used by Masaccio in 1428. By coincidence, oil paints were also developed at this time. Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great masterpieces. Impressionism (late 19th to early 20th century) In the late 19th century, Europe changed a great deal, Naturally, these changes also led to new painting styles. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists. The Impressionists were the first painters to work outdoors. They were eager to show how light and shadow fell on objects at different times of day. However, because natural light changes so quickly, they had to paint quickly. At first, many people disliked this style of painting. They said that their paintings were ridiculous. Modern Art (20th century to today) At first, the Impressionist paintings were controversial, but today they accepted as the beginning of what we call “modern art”. On the one hand, some modern art is abstract; that is, the painters does not attempt to paint objects as we see them with our eyes, On the other hand, some paintings of modern art so realistic that they look like photographs. These styles are so different. Who can predict what painting styles there will be in the future? Unit 2: A FEW SIMPLE FORMS OF ENGLISH POEMS There are various reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression. Others try to convey certain emotions. A young child learns in English is nursery rhymes. The language is concrete but imaginative, and they delight small children. The poems may not make sense and even seem contradictory, but they are easy to learn and recite. One of the simplest kinds of poems are those like B and C that list things. List poems have a flexible line length and repeated phrases which give both a pattern and a rhythm to the poem. Some rhyme (like B) while others do not (like C). Another simple form of poem that students can easily write is the cinquain, a poem made up of five lines. Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that is made up of 17 syllables. It is easy to write and can give a clear picture and create a special feeling using the minimum of words. Did you know that English speakers also enjoy other forms of Asian poetry - Tang poems from China in particular? A lot of Tang poetry has been translated into English. With so many forms to choose from, students eventually want to write poems of their own. It is easier than
you might think and certainly worth a try. ADVICE FROM GRANDAD （非常重要） It is a beautiful day here and I am sitting under the big treat the end of the garden. I have just returned from a long bike ride to an old castle. _______________________(看起 来吃惊地是)at my age I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometers in an afternoon. It's my birthday in two weeks’ time and I'll be 82 years old! I think my long and active life must be ________ the healthy life I live. This brings me to the real reason for my letter, my dear grandson. Your mother tells me that you started smoking some time ago and now you are finding ____ difficult to give it up. I know___________________________________(吸 烟容易戒烟难). You see, during ______________(青少年) I also smoked and became __________ to cigarettes. By the way, did you know that this is because you become addicted in three different ways? First, you can become ___________ addicted to nicotine, which is one of the hundreds of chemicals in_____________. This means that after a while your body becomes accustomed to having nicotine in it. So when the drug leaves your body, you get _____________symptoms. I remember feeling bad-tempered and sometimes even in pain. Secondly, you become addicted through habit. As you know, if you do the same thing_________________________( 反 复 ； 一 遍 又 一 遍 ), you begin to do it _____________. Lastly, you can become____________ addicted. I believed I was happier and more relaxed after having a cigarette, so I began to think that I could only feel good when I smoked. I was addicted in all three ways, so it was very difficult to______. But I did finally manage. When I was young, I didn't know much about the harmful _________ of smoking. I didn't know, for example, that it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become__________. I certainly didn't know their babies may have a smaller birth weight or even be ____________ in some way. Neither did I know that my cigarette smoke could _________ the health of non-smokers. However, what I did know was that my girlfriend thought I smelt terrible. She said my breath and clothes smelt, and that the ends of the finger were turning yellow. She told me that she wouldn't go out with me again _______I stopped! I also noticed that I became ____________ quickly, and that I wasn't enjoying sport as much. When I _____________(被除名) the school football team because I was unfit, I knew it was time to ______ smoking. I am sending you some advice I found on the Internet. It might help you to stop and _________ your resolve. I do hope so because ___________________________________ (希望你能像我这样活的健康长寿.)__________________