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高考英语定语从句专项练习与讲解


用定语从句翻译下列句子。 1) 这就是我最喜欢的那本杂志。 2) 这是我曾经住过的村庄。 3) 正在唱歌的女孩是我的同学。 4) 全心全意为人民的人应当受到尊重。 5) 应当做的事情都已经做了。 6) 他失败的原因是他粗心大意。 7) 他用来写字的钢笔丢了。 8) 你去过毛泽东出生的那间小屋吗? 9) 今天下午我们要去看你们参观过的照片展。 10) 老师把老外介绍给我,他就是著名

的教授。 1. This is the magazine I like best. 2. This is the village where I used to live. 3. The girl who is singing is one of my classmates. 4. Those who serve the people heart and soul should be respected. 5. Everything that should be done has been done. 6. The reason why he failed is his carelessness. 7. The pen with which he writes is lost. 8. Have you ever been to the small house in which Chairman Mao once lived. 9. This afternoon we”ll go to see the photo show that you have visited. 10. The teacher introduced me the foreign guest, who is a famous professor. 高考英语定语从句专项练习与讲解高考英语定语从句专项练习与讲解

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一. 1.The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _____ the sailing time was 226 days.(全国 03 2004 .28) A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which 2. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (北京,2004.26) A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 3. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. (北京 2004.34) A. It B. As C. That D. What 4.There was time I hated to go to school .(湖北 2004.23) A.a; that B.a; when C.the; that D.the ; when 5.There are two buildings , stands nearly a hundred feet high .(湖北 2004. 25) A.the larger B.the larger of them C.the larger one that D.the larger of which 6.What surprised me was not what he said but he said it . (湖南 2004 29) A.the way B.in the way that C.in the way D.the way which 7. Playing tricks on others is _____ we should never do. (湖南 2004 21) A. anything B. something C. everything D. nothing 8. I work in a business _________ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.(湖南 2004 23) A. how B. which C. where D. that 9. ________ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. (江苏 2004 33 ) A. Which B. When C. What D. As 10.The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year , 80% are sold abroad . A.of which B.which of C.of them D.of that 11. The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year”s party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 12. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that 13. American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom 14.—Is that the small town you often refer to? —Right, just the one I used to work for years.(福建 2005 35 ) A.that B.which C.where D.what 15. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger. (广东 2005 35) A. in which B. by which C. which D. that 16.Her sister has become a lawyer, she wanted to be. (湖北 2005 29) 2

A.who B.that C.what D.which 17. The place _______ the bridge is supposed to be built should be________the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where B. at which; which C. at which; where D. which; in which 18.The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs ______ they are being trained. (江西 2005 25 ) A.in that B.for that C.in which D.for which 19.I walked in our garden, _______ Tom and Jim were tying a big sign onto one of the trees. (辽宁 2005 28 ) A.which B.when C.where D.that 20.Do you have any idea ________ is actually going on in the classroom? A.that B.what C.as D.which 21. He was educated at a local grammar school, ______ he went on to Cambridge. (山东 2005 30 ) A. from which B. after that C. after which D. from this 22. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______effects the people are still suffering. (天津 2005 13 ) A. that B. whose C. those D. what 23. Jim passed the driving test, _________ surprised everybody in the office. (浙江 2005 2 ) A.which B.that C.this D.it 24. _________ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting. (浙江 2005 17 ) A.When B.After C.As D.Since 25. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ____ , he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students” Union. ( 重庆 2005 32 ) A. during which time B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that time 26.I have many friends , some are businessmen . (全国 02 2005 24 ) A.of them B.from which C.who of D.of whom

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二. 用定语从句翻译下列句子。 1) 这就是我最喜欢的那本杂志。 2) 这是我曾经住过的村庄。 3) 正在唱歌的女孩是我的同学。 4) 全心全意为人民的人应当受到尊重。 5) 应当做的事情都已经做了。 6) 他失败的原因是他粗心大意。 7) 他用来写字的钢笔丢了。 8) 你去过毛泽东出生的那间小屋吗? 9) 今天下午我们要去看你们参观过的照片展。 10) 老师把老外介绍给我,他就是著名的教授。

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三 句型比较 1.① The man she married last year was a soldier. A whom B to whom C with whom D.whose ② The man she was married was a soldier. A whom B to whom C with whom D who 2.① The reason she gave up teaching was her serious illness. A for that B for which C which D.why ② The reason he was dismissed is not difficult to explain. A that B for which C which D for that 3.① The day she spent with us was never to be forgotten. A./ B.on which C when D.in which ② The day she played with us was never to be forgotten. A. that B. when C. which D. / 4. ①Is this the factory you visited last week? A where B which C. to which D. in which ②Is this factory you visited last week? A. that B which C in which D. the one 5. ①The house window faces south is for the doctor. A. which B. that C. whose D. of which ②The house faces south is for the doctor. A. which B. whose C. who D. where 6. ①She brought forward a plan we couldn”t agree. A. that B. which C / D. to which ②She brought forward a plan we couldn”t accept. A. / B. for which C. to which D .of which 7. ①The invention she spent 2 years will do well to the world. A. which B. / C. on which D. when ② The invention took her 2 years will do well to the world. A. which B. / C. on which D. it 5

8. ①The English subject, I do well , is important in middle schools. A which B that C in which D. at which ② The English subject , I have mastered well , is important in middle school. A / B at which C that D in which 9. ① Tom, I went to the concert , is a friend of mine. A whom B who C with which D whose ② Tom, bicycle 1 went to the concert,is a friend of mine. A whom B who C whose D on whose 10.① The place you visited during your holidays is where I used to be for years A where B which C in which D.to which ② The place you stayed for 3 years is where an ancient city used to be. A where B which C that D to which 11.① She will fly to Washington, is the capital of the U.S. A that B where C which D in which ② She will fly to Washington, she can enjoy herself. A where B that C which D / 12.① The story happened on a day the weather was wet and cold. A when B which C in which D on when ② The story happened on a day was wet and cold. A then B on which C which D / 13.① The sun heats the earth, we all know. A that B which C as D where ② The sun heats the earth, makes it possible to grow crops. A which B that C as D where 14.① Tom, we had expected,got the 1st place in the competition(比赛). A as B which C whom D who ② Tom, we had expected to help us,didn”t even show his face . A as B whom C that D which 四. 单项选择题: 1. I, ___your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. which am 2. The old man has two sons, ___are lawyers. A. both of them B. both of who C. both of whom D. both of they 3. He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. A .in whom B. about whom C. from whom D. of whom 4. I can tell you ___he told me last week. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all that 5. Is oxygen the only gas ___helps fire burn? A. that B./ C. which D. what 6. Air, ___we breathe every day, is around us all the time. A. that B./ C. which D. it 7. This is the museum ____we saw an exhibition the other day. A. that B. which C. where D. in that 8. This museum is ___you visited the other day. 6

A. that B. which C. where D. the one 9. This is the museum ___you saw the other day. A. that B. where C. in which D. in that 10. It is the third time ___late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you”ve arrived D. when you”ve arrived 11. It was in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A. that B. which C. in which D. when 12..We often think of the days ___we spent together on the island. A. when B. which C. in which D. during which 13. Have you ever been to Shanghai, ____I left ten years ago? A. where B. which C. that D. when 14. He has left Beijing, ___a meeting is to be held. A. when B. where C. as D. which 15. This is the very place ___I”m wishing to live in. A. where B. which C. that D. in which 16.I have bought the same dress ____she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D than 17.Can you solve such problems ___raised by the audience? A. what were B. as were C. that were D. which were 18.The reason ___he didn”t come was ____he was injured. A. that, because B. why, that C. why, because D. that, that 19.He must be from Africa, ____can be seen from his skin. A. that B. as C. it D. what 20.His father died last year, ____made it impossible for him to go abroad. A. when B. which C. as D. that 21.___is natural, he married Mary. A. It B. What C. Which D. As 22.The buses, ____were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. A. most of them B. most of which C. which most D. that most 23.All___is needed is a supply of oil. A. the thing B. that C. what D. which 24.He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows, most of ___had not been cleaned for years. A. these B. those C. that D. which 25.In the dark street, there wasn”t a single person ______she could turn for help. A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom 26. This is one of the means ____the electric energy is conducted from one place to another. A. by which B. by that C. through which D. through that 27. The place ___you are going to visit is the ruin of a place. A. in which B. at which C. where D. which 7

28. The factory ___I am going to is the place ___my mother used to work many years ago. A. where, where B. where, which C. which, where D. that, which 29. Don”t do such things ___you are not sure about. A. that B. which C. as D. what 30. Rober is good at language, ____we all know. A. because B. for C. as D. since

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答案: 一 1-5 ADBBD 6-10 ABCDA 11-15 CADCA 16-20 DCDCB 21-26 CBACAD 二 1. This is the magazine I like best. 2. This is the village where I used to live. 3. The girl who is singing is one of my classmates. 4. Those who serve the people heart and soul should be respected. 8

5. Everything that should be done has been done. 6. The reason why he failed is his carelessness. 7. The pen with which he writes is lost. 8. Have you ever been to the small house in which Chairman Mao once lived. 9. This afternoon we”ll go to see the photo show that you have visited. 10. The teacher introduced me the foreign guest, who is a famous professor. 三句型比较 1 1-5 AB BD,B AB BD CA 6-10DA CA CA CD BA 11-14 CA A C CA AB 四 答案:1-5 BCCDA 6-10CCDAC 11-15ABBBC 16-20ABBBB 21-25 DBBDD 26-30ADCCC 五.改错答案与分析: 1.去掉 it。因为被省去的关系代词是从句中谓 语动词的宾语。 2.去掉 him。 3.去掉 there,因为关系副词是从句中的状语。 4.改 which 为 that。 5.改 which 为 that,先行词被 only,very,a11, much,little,few,nobody,no one,anybody,some� body,everything,nothing,anything 以及形容词最高 级、序数词所修饰时,关系代词用 th。t。 6.改 what 为 that。 7.改 that 为 which,在非限制性定语从句中,修 饰物用 which。 8.改第二个 which 为 that,以免重复。 9.改后面的 who 为 that,以免重复。 10.改 when 为 which 或 that,用作 spent 的宾语。 11.改 the name of it 为 the name of which。 12.改 when 为 which,作从句的主语。 13.改 which 为 the one。 14.改 where 为 which 或 that,作 visit 的宾语。 15.100k for 是短语动词,不能拆开使用。 第一部分语法知识 16.改 which 为 when。 17.改 his 为 whose。 18.改 which 为 whose。 19.改 tllat 为 who,非限制性定语从句,表示人的 主格时用 who。 20.改 two of them 为 two of whom 21.去掉 it,因为 as 在此句中是关系代词,作 know 的宾语。 22.改 who 为 whom,非限制性定语从句。表示 人的宾格。 23.改 that 为 which。 9

24.改 My 为 The,限制性定语从句的先行词不 用物主代词和指示代词修饰。 25.改 wants 为 want。 26.Those 后面加 who。 27.改 which 为 that 或 in which.也可省去 which。 28.改 like 为 as,定语从句中主句中有 the same. such。as,so 时,关联词用 as。 29.改 as 为 that,that 是从属连词引导状语从 句;或去掉句中的 it。 30.改 which 为 that,这是同位语从句,不是定语 年级高中学科英语版本期数 内容标题高考英语定语从句专项练习与讲解 分类索引号 G.622.475 分类索引描述 统考试题与题解 主题词高考英语定语从句专项练习与讲解栏目名称专题辅导 供稿老师审稿老师 录入赵真真一校陈丽娜二校审核

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