高三英语人教版考前模拟试题一 （答题时间：120 分钟）
第一卷（选择题） 第一部分：英语知识运用（共三节，满分 50 分） 第一节：语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项。 1. course A. journey 2. match A. separate 3. rise
A. purse 4. bathe A. faith 5. Britain A. certain B. four B. marry B. else B. cloth B. train C. labor C. machine C. praise C. maths C. against D. hour D. many D. mouse D. smooth D. contain
第二节：语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 6. In China, A. the; a car is getting to be popular means of transportation. B. a; 不填 C. the; the D. a; the
7. —I wish I had succeeded in the competition. —Yeah. I know. But hard? A. did you work B. do you work C. had you worked D. have you worked 8. Patience, without you can’t do the work well, is a kind of quality. A. that B. it C. which D. what 9. A healthy food includes all types of food, ______ no single food or food group can provide all the nutrients our body needs. A. if B. when C. which D. because 10. Internet shopping will really when people make sure that it is safe. A. take off B. take up C. set off D. set up 11. Since you have made such good preparations, there ______be any problem about passing the coming exam. A. mustn’t B. shan’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t 12. Having studied abroad for many years, he came back to ______ used to be a small town. A. where B. what C. that D. which 13. — Could I make it 14th July? — . A. You can manage it B. That’s fine with me C. Not a bit of it D. Go ahead with it. 14. I’m penniless, dear; I can afford __________ of what you asked for. A. little B. few C. none D. no one
15. There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _____________ road conditions need _______________. A. that; to be improved B. which; to be improved C. where; improving D. when; improving 16. The advantage human beings have to __________ the sun is worth discussing. A. take of B. play with C. have on D. do with 17. Only by practising a few hours every day ______be able to master the language. A you can B can you C you will D will you 18. _____________ for nearly an hour at the airport, they were all unusually hungry. A. Having waited B. Wait C. To wait D. To have waited 19. __________ he was expected to read the letter at each performance, he always insisted that it should be written out in full. A. As long as B. In order that C. Even though D. In case 20. You have given us a very good plan, but I am afraid it doesn’t seem _______. A. practical B. normal C. real D. actual 第三节：完形填空 （共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文， 掌握其大意， 然后从 21￣40 各题所给的四个选项中， 选出一个最佳答案。 Teachers are being asked to stop using the word clever to talk about successful children or to praise them. Hundreds of 21 were being paid attention to because they were considered 22 , but some bright students 23 school prizes for fear of being made fun of by 24 . Simon Smiths, a teacher from Essex, told the professional Association of Teachers conference in Oxford that being clever was simply not 25 among 26 children. ―I have talked to a lot of students…, and being clever meant that you were boring, lacked personality, were a teacher’s 27 and other things not 28 enough to mention.‖ Wesley Paxton from Yorkshire said in the conference that clever students no longer 29 children to achieve academic 30 . He said self-made men like Alan Sugar were 31 of their poor academic achievements and others like David Beckham ― 32 give the impression of eloquence （口才） and intellectual ability‖. These famous men affect present students greatly. Ann Nuckley, an administrator from Southwark, south London, said many pupils in her 33 refused to come up on the stage to receive 34 . ―I am 35 sending book tokens （购书代 金券）through the post because children won’t come up and get them, which I think is extremely 36 .‖ The PAT, which has 34,000 members, said: ―We regret that the conference does not appear to be 37 or to be clever.‖ Last year the conference received calls from 38 to delete the word ― 39 ‖ from the 40 vocabulary and replace it with the concept of ―delayed success‖. 21. A. teachers B. schools C. meetings D. children 22. A. clever B. fool C. young D. childish 23. A. got B. refused C. liked D. hid 24. A. children B. classmates C. teachers D. prizes 25. A. bright B. easy C. cool D. happy 26. A. past B. foolish C. today’s D. clever
27. A. pet 28. A. sure 29. A. encourage 30. A. score 31. A. sure 32. A. do not 33. A. achievements 34. A. education 35. A. ending up 36. A. meaningful 37. A. cool 38. A. students 39. A. success 40. A. whole
B. work B. useful B. attract B. praise B. glad B. also B. school B. teaching B. having to B. good B. bright B. teachers B. clever B. English
C. help C. meaningful C. ensure C. success C. proud C. will C. field C. success C. made to C. foolish C. important C. members C. failure C. most
D. joy D. polite D. make D. research D. afraid D. often D. family D. awards D. going to D. sad D. necessary D. self-made men D. foolish D. educational
第二部分：阅读理解 （共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分，第二节每小题 1 分；满分 45 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A More than 20,000 drivers and front seat passengers are killed or seriously injured each year. At a speed of only 30 miles per hour it is the same as falling from a third floor window. Wearing a seat belt saves lives; it reduces your chance of death or serious injury by more than half. Therefore drivers or front seat passengers over 14 in most vehicles must wear a seat belt. If you do not, you could be fined up to $50. It will not be up to the drivers to make sure you wear your belt. But it will be the driver’s responsibility to make sure that children under 14 do not ride in the front unless they are wearing a seat belt of some kind. However, you do not have to wear a seat belt if you are reversing your vehicle; or you are making a local delivery or collection using a special vehicle; or if you have a valid medical certificate which excuses you from wearing it. Make sure these circumstances supply to you before you decide not to wear your seat belt. Remember you may be taken to court for not doing so, and you may be fined if you cannot prove to the court you have been excused from wearing. 41. This passage is probably taken from ____. A. medical magazine B. a legal document C. a textbook D. a government information booklet (小册子) 42. Wearing a seat belt in a vehicle ____. A. reduces road accidents by more than half B. reduces the death fate in traffic accidents C. saves lives while driving at a speed up to 30 miles per hour D. saves more than 16,000 lives each year 43. It is the driver’s responsibility to ____. A. make the front seat passenger wear a seat belt B. make the front seat children under 14 wear a seat belt C. stop children from riding in the front seat D. wear a seat belt each time he drives 44. For some people, it may be better to ____.
A. pay a fine rather than wear a seat belt B. wear a seat belt for health reasons C. not to wear seat belt for health reasons D. get a valid medical certificate before wearing a seat belt B Many people like the feeling of the gentle wind in spring. Many like to see the falling leaves dancing in the wind in autumn. But sometimes, when the wind becomes a storm, it can be very destructive. A series of such storms struck the US last month and caused very serious damage and human pain. Every year, major storms cause many problems around the world. There is nothing people can do to stop these powerful forces of nature. But new techniques are helping scientists to predict how, when, and where big storms will happen. The more exact scientists’ warnings are, the better people can prepare for the storms. Predictions are improving. ―We’ve gotten better over the years, especially the last few years,‖ says Phil Klotzback, a scientist at an American university. How is a storm formed? Even if scientists know where a storm will happen, winds can suddenly change, carrying the storm to a new direction. ―For a hurricane to happen, conditions have to be just right,‖ Klotzback says. First, the ocean water needs to be warm enough so that it evaporates and rises into the air. As it rises, the vapor cools and turns back into liquid. This process gives off heat. This produces energy like an engine that causes winds to increase. It drives the formation of a hurricane. If wind speeds reach 40 miles per hour, the system is called a ―tropical storm‖（热带风暴）, and it gets a name. At 75 miles per hour, it becomes a hurricane. Hurricanes that hit the US start when a thunderstorm forms off the coast of Africa. Storms also develop over tropical waters in other parts of the world. On average, 60 or 70 storms form off Africa every year. About 10 of them get names. There are usually about six hurricanes. Two tend to be very big, with winds of 115 miles per hour or higher. The hurricane season lasts from June to November. Ninety percent of all hurricanes hit in August, September, and October. 45. According to the passage, hurricanes usually ___. A. form off the coast of Africa and America B. travel at 40 miles per hour and get its name C. hit parts of the world in summer and autumn D. cause sea winds to rise and blow over the sea 46. The underlined word ―evaporates‖（in Paragraph 5 ）probably means ―___‖. A. begins to move B. changes into a gas C. becomes hot D. gets lost 47. Which of the following about the information of a hurricane is in the correct order? a. The ocean water evaporates and goes into the air. b. Heat creates energy and causes winds to increase. c. The vapor cools. d. The ocean water is warm enough.
e. The vapor changes back into liquid. f. This course gives out heat. A. a, d, e, b, c, f B. a, b, c, f, d, e C. d, a, b, c, e, f D. d, a, c, e, f, b 48. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. One out of six or seven storms get names. B. Every year at least 60 storms form off Africa. C. The speed of the biggest two hurricanes reaches 115 miles per hour. D. About one third of the hurricanes tend to be very big. C Parents often believe that they have a good relationship with their teenagers（青少年）. But last summer, Joanna and Henry noticed a change in their older son: suddenly he seemed to be talking far more to his friends than to his parents. ―The door to his room is always shut.‖ Joanna noted. Tina and Mark noticed similar changes in their 14-year-old daughter. ―She used to cuddle up （蜷伏）with me on the sofa and talk ,‖ said Mark . ―Now we joke that she does this only when she wants something. Sometimes she wants to be treated like a little girl and sometimes like a young lady. The problem is figuring out which time is which. ‖ Before age 11, children like to tell their parents what’s on their minds. ―In fact, parents are first on the list.‖ said Michael Rita, author of Uncommon Sense for Parents with Teenagers. ―This completely changes during the teen years.‖ Rita explained. ―They talk to their friends first, then maybe their teachers, and their parents last.‖ Parents who know what’s going on in their teenagers’ lives are in the best position to help them. To break down the wall of silence, parents should create chances to understand what their children want to say , and try to find ways to talk and write to them . And they must give their children a mental break, for children also need freedom, though young. Another thing, parents should remember is that to be a friend, not a manager, with their children is a better way to know them. 49. ―The door to his room is always shut‖ suggests that the son . A. is always busy with his studies B. doesn’t want to be disturbed C. keeps himself away from his parents D. begins to dislike his parents 50. What troubles Tina and Mark most is that . A. their daughter isn’t as lovely as before B. they can’t read their daughter’s mind exactly C. they don’t know what to say to their daughter D. their daughter talks with them only when she needs help 51. Which of the following best explains ―the wall of silence‖ in the last paragraph? A. Teenagers talk a lot with their friends. B. Teenagers do not want to understand their parents. C. Teenagers do not talk much with their parents. D. Teenagers talk little about their own lives. 52. What can be learned from the passage? A. Parents are unhappy with their growing children. B. Parents have suitable ways to talk with their teenagers.
C. Parents should be patient with their silent teenagers. D. Parents should try to understand their teenagers. D Eight Days for just ￡299 Departs May – October 2006 Includes: ●Return flights from 8 UK airports to Naples ●Return airport to hotel transport ●Seven nights’ accommodation at the 3☆ Hotel Nice（double rooms） ●The services of guides ●Government taxes Join us for a wonderful holiday in one of Europe’s most wonderful corners. Long a favourite with holiday-makers—indeed the ancient Romans called the area ―happy land‖—this simply attractive coastline of colourful towns, splendid views and the warm Mediterranean Sea is a perfect choice for a truly memorable holiday! Choose between the peaceful traditional village of Sant’Agata, set on a hillside six miles from Sorrento, or the more lively and well-known international resort town of Sorrento, with wonderful views over the Bay of Naples. Breathtaking scenery and famous sights everywhere. From the legendary Isle of Capri to the haunting ruins of Pompeii, and from the unforgettable ―Amalfi Drive‖ to the delightful resorts of Positano, Sorrento and Ravello, the area is a feast for the eyes! Should you choose to join us, we know that you will not be disappointed! With a choice of hotels, and optional excursions including Capri, Pompeii and the ―Amalfi Drive‖, this is a truly unmissable holiday. Price based on two tourists sharing a twin / double room at the Hotel Nice. Like to know more? Then telephone Newmarket Air Holidays Ltd on; 0854-226-7766（All calls charged at local rates）. 53. Which of the following is NOT included in the price of ￡299? A. Transport between the airport and the hotel. B. Telephone calls made by tourists. C. The services of guides to tourists. D. Double rooms for every two tourists. 54. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To invite people to take a breath in the Bay of Naples. B. To advise people to telephone Newmarket Air Holidays Ltd. C. To persuade people to tour in the area of the Mediterranean Sea. D. To attract people to go to Sant’ Agata or Sorrento for sightseeing. 55. The underlined part ―the area is a feast for the eyes‖ in the passage means . A. the area is pleasing to the eye B. the area is really unforgettable C. the area catches the tourists’ eyes D. the area is crowded with tourists 56. After reading the advertisement, one will probably join in the tour because . A. the sights are attractive and the tour starts in May or October B. the price is low for those intending to stay at the 3 ☆Hotel Nice
C. the price offered is reasonable and the sights are beautiful D. good services are offered to those intending to stay in double rooms E Since many of you are planning to study at a college or university in this country, you may be curious to know what you usually do in a typical week, how you can get along with your fellow students, and so on. These are the questions I want to discuss with you today. First, let’s talk about what your weekly schedule will look like. No matter what your major may be, you can expect to spend between four and six hours a week for each class attending lectures. Lectures are usually in very large rooms because some courses such as introduction to sociology or economics often have as many as two or three hundred students, especially at large universities. In lectures, it’s very important for you to take notes on what the professor says because the information in a lecture is often different from the information in your textbooks. Also, you can expect to have exam questions based on the lectures. So it isn’t enough to just read your textbooks; you have to attend lectures as well. In a typical week you will also have a couple of hours of discussion for every class you take. The discussion section is a small group meeting usually with fewer than thirty students where you can ask questions about the lectures, the reading, and the homework. In large universities, graduate students, called teaching assistants, usually direct discussion sections. If your major is chemistry, or physics, or another science, you’ll also have to spend several hours a week in the lab, or laboratory, doing experiments. This means that science majors spend more time in the classroom than non science majors do. On the other hand, people who major in subjects like literature or history usually have to read and write more than science majors do. 57. The main purpose of this text is . A. to help the students to learn about university life B. to persuade the students to attend lectures C. to encourage the students to take part in discussions D. to advise the students to choose proper majors 58. We can learn from the passage that university professors . A. spend about 5 hours on lectures each week B. must join the students in the discussion sections C. prefer to use textbooks in their lectures D. require the students to read beyond the textbooks 59. A discussion section does NOT include . A. working under the guidance of university professors B. talking over what the students have read about the courses C. discussing the problems related to the students’ homework D. raising questions about what a professor has said in a lecture 60. According to the author, science majors . A. have to work harder than non science majors B. spend less time on their studies than non science majors C. consider experiments more important than discussions D. read and write less than non science majors
第二节：根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项. —Do you hear that Li Fang is in the hospital? —Oh, really? 61 —She’s very ill; probably she’s got the H1N1 flu. —The H1N1 flu! 62 —She’s just come back from Mexico. She must have got it while she was there. — 63 . Has she been sick for a long time? —For a couple of days. 64 —Why did she wait so long? 65 —Yes, I know. But luckily she seems to be improving. —Great, I hope so. A. How in the world did she get that? B. How long has she been there? C. That’s really too bad. D. What’s the matter with her? E. She should have seen a doctor earlier. F. I’ll never go there myself. G. But she only went to see the doctor on Monday. 第二卷（非选择题） 第三部分：写作（共三节，满分 55 分） 第一节：单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释或首字母， 在相应的位置上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式 （每空只写一词） 66. My father liked to go out __________(打猎) in the woods when he was free. 67. When you read the sentence, make sure you give each word its correct p______. 68. The bell indicating the end of the period rang, _______ (打断)our heated discussion. 69. Though we got lost in the forest , we behaved ________(正常) for fear of causing anxiety among the children. 70. Johnson smashed a hole in the wall with a _________(锤子). 71. The ____________(大多数) of students find it quite hard to learn German. 72. There are a lot of ___________(相似处) in the behavior of men and women in this aspect. 73. The holiday is an______________(难忘的) experience for all of the students. 74. He ______ (原谅)her the awful things she said about him. 75. There are seven c________ and four oceans in the world. 第二节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1. 5 分，满分 15 分） 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。如无错误，画一个勾（√） ；如有错误（每行只有一个 错误） ，则按下列情况改正； 此行多一个词：把多余的词写在相应的位置上，用斜线（﹨）划掉。 此行缺一个词：在相应的位置上写出该加的词，并附带前（后）词。 此行错一个词：在相应的位置上写出该错词和改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不用改。
Most families in China hoped their single children will have a happy future, so they are very strict in their children. So do teachers in schools! Many children are given so much homework that they have hardly any spare time have sports. The children are forbidden to do anything but to study. No wonder so many children are tired of lessons. Some even attack or kill his parents and teachers! I believe many people already read this kind of news in newspapers or magazines. Shouldn’t we draw lesson from the accidents? Now our government is making out a plan to solve the education problems.
76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85.
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____
第三节：书面表达（满分 30 分） 在学习生活和工作中，与人合作是非常重要的。请你根据下表中所提供的信息，写一篇 题为 ―Cooperate with others‖的英文演讲稿。 1. 在忙碌的、现代化的社会中，要想有效地完成一项工作，我们必须学 会与人合作。 2. 可以节省时间和精力。 从合作者身上学到很多。 与喜欢的人合作 与谁合作 与不喜欢的人合作 心情愉快，一起分享工作中的快乐和痛苦 合作起来比较困难，但只要更多地关注我们的 工作，而不是合作者本人，时间长了，也会发 现他是一个很好相处的人。
请你发表自己的观点……（至少 2 点看法）
注意： 1. 对所给要点，逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2. 词数 100 左右。开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：合作者 partner Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is ―Cooperate with others‖. ____________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________Thank you for your listening!
单选：BBCDA AACDA CBBCA ADACA 完形：DABBC CADAC CABDA DACCD 阅读理解：A) DBBC B) CBDB C) CBCD D) BDAC 补全对话：61~65 DACGE 单词拼写：
66. hunting 67. pronunciation 68. interrupting 69. normally 70. hammer 71. majority 72. similarities 73.unforgettable 74. forgave 75. continents 改错： 76. hoped — hope 77. in — with 78. do — are 79. have sports—to have sports 80. 去掉第二个 to 81. correct 82. his — their 83. already 前加 have 84. lesson 前加 a 85. out 去掉 书面表达： Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is ―Cooperate with others‖. In this busy, modern world, if we want to complete our work effectively and efficiently, we must all learn to cooperate with others. If we lose our partner, then we will fail. Cooperation can save us a lot of time and energy. Additionally, we can learn a lot from our partners by cooperating with them. When we cooperate with someone we like, we will feel very happy. And we can share our pleasure and sadness with him. But it can be difficult to cooperate with someone we dislike. In such a situation, we may focus on our work, instead of our partner. Perhaps in working together with him for a long time, we’ll learn that he is a man to get along well with. Even if this doesn’t happen, it’s still worth a try. How can we become a good partner? In my opinion, we should try to listen to others’ opinions. Secondly, if he makes mistakes, we also try to point them out. Thirdly, we mustn’t beat others to make them in the unfavorable position. Thank you for your listening!