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完形填空专题10法


完形填空专题 10 法 1. 解题步骤 1)跳读首尾句,判断文体,预测主题。 一般来讲,高考完形填空的首、尾句是不挖空的,先跳读这两句 2)通读全文,把握大意。 做完形填空时要注意文章开头提示句的点题作用和短文中完整句的启示作用。 3)逐句细读,确定选项。 大致把握了全文的大意和作者的意图之后,就可以根据上下文,选取与文意最贴切的选项。 此时,应遵循先易后难的原则,对有把握的选项

―一锤定音‖。对没有把握的选项不妨先放一 放,接着往下看,往往会出现―柳暗花明‖的情况。 4)再次阅读,复查答案。 复查时从意义和语法两个角度考虑,着眼于全篇。 上述三步可概括为:一步粗读寻思路,二步细读选答案,三步复读纠错误 2.解题方法 一、首句概览法 完形填空的短文一般不给标题,且首句往往不设空,即首句是一个完整的句子。做题时,要 认真读懂这个句子,可以根据它判断出文章的大意或主题,这样有助于后面的填空,尤其是 一些语境性较强的空格,需要结合文章的主题来判断。 二、语境推测法 近几年高考英语完形填空题的最大特点是——重点考查语境。 所谓语境, 就是指文章的上下 文,它包括文章语气的一致性、意思的连贯性、表述的合理性、论证的逻辑性等。所以考生 在做题时,一定要从整体上把握文章内容,区分文章的结构层次和文章的内在逻辑关系,同 时认真比较所给选项,并从中选最符合语境的答案。如: ● I would go to the pile of letters marked with ―Funny‖ if we needed a chat, or to the ―Disabled‖ box to find advice from people in wheelchairs or ______ in bed living happily and successfully. (江苏卷) A. much B. never C. even D. seldom

● Bob had just made a ―motherhood contract(合同)‖—declaring that for 70 days

this summer he would

1

the care of their four children and all the housework.

Although he didn‘t even know how to make coffee when he signed, he was very confident…. After 40 of the 70 days, he was ready to give up. ― I was beaten down, ― admits Bob. ―Not only is motherhood a normal human being.‖…. 1. A. stick to B. set about C. think about D. take over 2 task, it is an impossible job for any

2. A. strange B. pleasant 三、常识推断法

C. difficult D. serious

语境的判断在许多情况下需借助常识的判断, 所以考生在做题时还应充分结合自己作为一名 中学生所应该具备的常识进行合理推测。不过也请注意,作者如果用了 but, however 之 类的表示转折的词语,情况则可能完全相反,如人累了却不休息;车在转弯时,速度却偏要 加快等。如: ● We feel ___1___ and fall asleep at night and become ___2___ and energetic during the day. (全国卷) 1. A. dull B. tired C. dreamy D. peaceful 2. A. regular B. excited C. lively D. clear .

● But we ran so much that, afterwards, we had trouble A. speaking B. sleeping C. breathing 四、根据语篇标志 D. moving

语篇标志是指能表明各个句群或段落之间的内在联系的词语。 如表示结构层次的语篇标志有 firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally 等;表示逻辑关系的词语有 therefore, so, thus, but, however 等;表示递进关系的词语有 even, besides, what‘s more 等;表示时间关系的词 语有 before, after, so far 等; 表示选择关系的 or, whether…or…等。 根据这些语篇标志, 我们就可以迅速弄清上下文的关系,理清文章的脉络层次,从而作出正确的选择。如: ● First of all, I respected his devotion to teaching…______, I admired the fact that

he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk…Finally, I was attracted by his lively sense of humor. (全国卷) A. Later B. Secondly C. however D. Therefore respectable method for moving

● What laughing 2

we had about the 3

spaghetti from plate to mouth. to 5

4 , I wanted to write about that, but I wanted

it down simply for my own 6 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition 7 , I would write something else. B. Probably C. Suddenly D. Fortunately

teacher.

4. A. Especially 五、习语搭配法

英语中,一些固定的句型和短语结构既是学习的难点,也是完形填空的常考考点。同学们做 题时应注意所填空之词与空格前后词语的习惯搭配。如: ● I started surfing about five years ago and ______ in love with the sport on the very first day. (北京春季卷) A. stayed ● B. came C. dropped D. fell

, for example, the neatly-dressed woman I used to see -- or look at -- on

my way to work each morning. A. Make 六、同义转换法 为使文章生动,作者对于文章中出现的相同意思,往往会用不同的方式来表达。做题时,同 学们若能认识到这一点,并充分利用自己已掌握的语言知识,结合文章的上下文,进行适当 的同义转换,那么问题往往会变得很容易。如: ● As it turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a national magazine for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I‘d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad ______ me. (山东卷) A. controlled 七、结构对比法 B. comforted C. reminded D. raised B. Take C. Give D. Have

在做完形填空题时, 有时会遇到两个结构十分相似的句子, 此时同学们应认真比较其结构特 点,或根据其相似性推断空格处所填之词,或根据文章的上下文语境判断两个(或几个)相似 结构之间的逻辑关系。如: ● I realized strength and courage aren‘t always measured in medals and victories, but in the struggles we overcome(战胜). The strongest people are not always the people who win, ______ the people who don‘t give up when they lose. (天津卷) A. or B. nor C. and D. but

● The correct water supply forecast is based more on the water from the ______ than from the below. (辽宁卷) A. clouds B. sky C. air D. above

八、重复暗示法 有的空格根据所在句的句意或附近上下文的语境我们无法作出正确的选择, 要想作出正确判 断, 同学们应特别注意空格前后所出现的相关词语, 尤其注意找出其中重复出现的暗示性词 语。如: ● Four students from Burlington College of Higher Education are in the bell tower of the ______ have made up their minds to ring the bells nonstop for two weeks as a protest (抗议) against heavy trucks which run day and night through the narrow High Street. (全国卷) A. college B. village C. town D. church

● But then again, would there be a chair in Room 316? Or would it be a(n) ______ room? A. small B. empty 九、语法分析法 尽管近几年的高考英语完形填空主要考查考生对语境的理解, 很少考查纯语法知识, 但是借 助一定的语法分析来帮助理解句子、推测语境、判断搭配等,这却是必不可少的。所以,考 生在遇到复杂的句子结构时,应充分利用所学语法知识进行分析,以帮助理解。如: ● She lives in the same ______ she lived 27 years ago—although in a more C. new D. neat

comfortable home. (四川卷) A. life B. city C. house D. way

十、先易后难法 考生在做题时,应尝试使用先易后难的方法。顺着文章思路,根据自己对文章的理解,一边 读一边把容易做的、有把握的先做好,对于一时没有把握的难题,可以暂时跳过去或初拟一 个答案,说不定后面会有对这道题的提示。把容易的做好后,文章空格也随之减少,整篇文 章的意思也就会变得更清晰,这时难题也许就会变为易题了。 总之,完形填空解题时要注意运用适当的技巧,克服急躁心理,试着从上下文角度、文化 背景角度、生活常识角度、惯用法和固定搭配及语法和词义角度等多角度来进行分析,也就 是把多种方法结合起来。 更重要的是完形填空题要想取得高分,必须经过大量的练习,

在实战中运用解题思路和方法,加强阅读,培养语感,积累词汇,打下扎实的基本功

3.牛刀小试 1. Some parts of the water are very shallow. But in some places it is very ______ A. deep B. high C. cold D. dangerous

2. Mrs. O‘Neill asked_________ questions and she didn‘t scold us either. A. no B. certain C. many D. more

3.Here‘s a fellow who just walked into a bank and helped himself_______ so much money. A. for B. by C. to D. of

4.Soon I heard a________ like that of a door burst in and then a climb of feet. A. sound B. cry C. voice D. shout

5.And video cameras can be used to_____people‘s actions at home. A. keep B. make C. record D. watch

6.It has been many years since I was last in London____still remember something that happened during that visit. A. and B. for C. but D. as

7.(Immediately ) the officers jumped into their cars and rushed to the_____ hospital. A. animal B. biggest C. plant D. nearest

8.―As a matter of fact, I‘ve got someone in the office at this very moment who might ___49___.‖ She wrote down a number, and held it out to me, saying: ―Ring up this lady. She wants a cook immediately. In fact, you would have to start tomorrow by cooking a dinner for ten people.‖ 49. A. hire B. accept C. suit D. offer

9.I admired the fact that he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk with them ___44___the telephone. 44. A. with B. by C. from D. on

10.Although I last met this man eight years ago, I have not forgotten his ___37___ qualities. First of all… 37. A. basic B. special C. common D. particular

11.First of all, I respected his devotion to teaching…___43___, I admired the fact that he would talk to students outside the classroom or talk…Finally, I was attracted by his lively sense of humor. 43. A Later B. Secondly C. however D. Therefore

12.He was reading my words out loud to the class…the whole class was laughing

with open-hearted enjoyment. I did my best not to show ___53___, but what I was feeling was pure happiness… 53. A. shock B. wonder C. worry D. pleasure

13.―Can I? I don‘t think I can,‖ Tracy said with a laugh. ―But l do have ___46___ when things come to me for no reason.‖ 46. A. events B. chances C. feelings D. moments

14. They are some of the poorest people in a poverty stricken country. ____ now they have an extra source of income (收入). A. But B. And C. However D. Therefore

15―It doesn‘t make 1 ,‖ said one of he older music millionaires, who made a million dollars a year when he was popular , in the 1950s. ―performers aren‘t worth this kind of money. Infact, 1. 2. A. efforts A. everybody B. progress B. nobody 2 is.‖ C. sense C. somebody D. money D. anybody

16.The professor begins by selecting one

2 of art. After giving us a quick 3 .

background on the artist , he will open up for class 2. A. book 3. A. discussion B. passage B. activity C. text D. work

C. argument

D. consideration

17.……. But I was going along cheerfully, thinking about the dinner I would eat when I 36 to Salisbury. B. arrived C. got D. led

36. A. reached

18.Dad looked at me again. ―When you didn‘t turn up , I called the garage to ask if there were any 1, and they told me you hadn‘t yet picked up the car.‖ C. mistakes D. faults 50 opportunities . They are 51 them too because

1. A. questions B. problems

19.Students generally appreciate these special

almost always fun and interesting , and professors students learn so much in just a few short months. 50. A. working 51. A. hold B, living B. like C. teaching C. dislike

D. learning

D. discover

20.I climbed the stairs slowly, carrying a big suitcase, my father following with two more. By the time I got to the third floor, I was 1 and the same time feeling lonely. Worse still, Dad the stairs. 1. A. helpless 2. A. took 3. A. rolling B. lazy B. minded B. passing C. anxious C. missed C. dropping 1 D. tired D. picked D. turning 2 a step and fell, sending my new suitcase 3 down

21.But Ella Fant, who was filed with at 2 ﹗ They?re all out of 3

, shouted at the top of her voice, 〝Look

except my John﹗ Isn‘t he the best﹗〞1. A. D. regret D. him D. step

sadness B. happiness C. surprise 2. A. them 3. A. sight B. those B. order

C. that C. mind

22.It was an early morning in summer. In the streets, sleepy-eyed people were moving quickly, heading towards their 1 . This was the beginning of

another

2

day in New York City. B. homes B. hot C. buses C. same D. offices D. ordinary

1. A. jobs 2. A. working

23.Dad taught me a lot about life, especially its hard times. I remembered one of his 1 , one night when I was ready to quit (退出) a political campaign (运动) I was 2 , I went up

losing, and wrote about it in my diary. Tired, feeling the months of to my study to make some notes. 1. A. classes 2. A. struggle B. advice C. lessons D. talks D. defence

B. working C. battle

24.Harry Field also studying biology said they wanted to make as much 1 as possible to force the 1. A. effort 2 to realize what everybody was having to C. trouble D. noise 3 .

B. time

2. A. townpeople B. other students C. government officials D. truck drivers 3. A. stand B. accept 1 C. know D. share

25.Many rock stars

like Grace Slick and Jefferson. Those performers return 2 when they need money

from a tour, pay their bills, and buy new toys. again ,they do another mouth. 1. A. play B. live C. perform D. behave D. So 3 . They save 4__

money and live from hand to

2. A. But B. Then C. And

3. trip B. tour C. travel D. journey 3. A. no B. much C. some D. plenty

4.真题演练 There was a very special teacher who made a far –reaching difference in my life Fall, 1959, the first day of class at Bethesda Chevy Chase High School was about to begin. ―Who‖,I asked a senior , is Mrs. McNamara, my 10th grade English teacher? He just __31__and said something about my being in __32__. Soon , Understood what he meant Mrs. McNamara had a pattern of___33__that she repeated again and again , we would have a literature reading task for_34__The next day , when we came to class , there would be two or three topics on the blackboard 35 to the homework reading. We were 36 to write an in-class essay about one of the topics , The following day , she would ___37__the corrected and graded essays and each person would be called ___38__to stand in front of the class and to _____39____his\her essay .The class were required to criticize(评论)that essay ___40__the grade of everyone in class would be reduced The first time that I_41__her read-write criticize method I had not ___42 to do the homework and had written something without knowing what it meant ____43__the extreme embarrassment I suffered , standing before my classmates ____44___myself. No one laughed at me , no one would be ___45____enorgh , or foolish enough, to do that in Mrs. McNamara‘s class. The embarrassment came from ___46_____and along with it came a strong ____47__not to let it happen again Mrs. McNamara kept all of our written work in files. It was easy to see the ___48__in writing that had occurred. What was not so easy to see was the inner transformation that had taken peace, at least for me. What Mrs.

McNamar____49____me to do was to see myself as others see me and, having done that, I could improve myself .And_____50__, Thank you Mrs. McNamara 31. A. nodded B. laughed C. apologized D. shouted 32. A. trouble B. sorrow C. danger D. anger 33. A. behavior B. evaluation C. activity D. thought 34. A. review B. performance C. practice D. homework 35. A. added B. related C. contributed D. advised 36. A. expected B. persuaded C. allowed D. advised 37. A. collect B. return C. send D. receive 38. A. on purpose B. at first C. by chance D. in turn 39. A. talk through B. hand over C. read out D. show off 40. A. so B. and C. but D. or 41. A. tried B. adopted C. examined D. experienced 42. A. undertaken B. attempted C. examined D. experienced 43. A. remember B. attempted C. bothered D. hesitated 44. A. playing jokes on C. trying a trap for of B. making a fool of D. taking advantage

45. A. brave B. careless C. proud D. selfish 46. A. above B. within C. behind D. below 47. A. tendency B. preference C. determination D. sense

48. A. improvements B. pains C. difficulties D. advantages 50. A. did B. could C. had D. would


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