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2013版英语全程复习方略课件(江苏):必修5 Unit 3 Science and nature(译林牛津版)


Unit 3 Science and nature 科学与自然

话题之十五——校园安全 三年1考 [2012杭州模拟]假如你是李华,你们学校最近开展了创建 “平安校园”的活动。你们班为此组织主题班会,请你用英语写 一篇发言稿,谈一谈你对创建“平安校园”的一些想法。短文应 该包括下面的内容:1.安全意识的重要性;2.在运动中要注 意安全;3.在校内要注意人身

安全; 4.同学间发生矛盾时,

一定要保持冷静、理智;5.逐步将“平安校园”活动转化为
全体师生的实际行动。词数 120左右。参考词汇:校园安全 safety at school

My dear classmates,
There is no denying that safety plays an important part in our daily life. Recently our school has carried out a program aimed at making our campus a safe place to stay in.

I consider this as indeed a good practice, which will make us aware that safety should always come first in our daily life, whether when we stay at school or outside it. When we are doing sports, we should attach importance to the safety and

avoid being hurt. Furthermore, when we get into trouble with
our classmates, we should remain calm and avoid any form of fighting, which may only bring suffering and pain to us

mentally and physically.

As far as I’m concerned, I feel all the students and teachers should work hard and creatively to keep the “safety at school” activity in mind. Besides, we are supposed to observe the law discipline wherever we are at any moment. Thanks. 1. 本文话题切合考生生活实际,属社会热点。 ①首段点出校园安全的重要性。 ②第二段分条展示我们应该从几方面注意校园安全问题。

③第三段再次呼吁校园安全,人人有责。 2. 全文行文流畅,用词地道高级。 ①高级词汇和短语:play a(n). . . part in, carry out, aim at, aware, attach importance to. . . , avoid, furthermore, mentally and physically, as far as. . . concerned, keep. . . in mind, observe等。 ②高级句型:There is no denying that. . . , whether. . . or. . . 等。

【佳作习得】完成句子 Whether we are men or women, old or young _________________________________________(不论男女老少),

all of us should not break the law.

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇

transform 1.____________(vt. )

使改变外观或性质

(尤指向好的方向);使改变形态
concept 2. _________(n. ) relation 3. _________(n. ) ordinary 4. _________(adj. ) 概念;观念

关系;亲戚
普通的,一般的

5._______(adj. ) reliable accurate 6. _________(adj. ) confirm 7. ________(vt. & vi. )

可信赖的,可依靠的 准确的,精确的

证实,证明;确认;使确信
赞同,支持;恩惠,帮助;偏

favour 8._______(n. )

爱,偏袒
profit 9.______ (n. ) (vi. & vt. ) 利润,收益 获益;对??有用

intend 10. intention ________(n. )意图,目的;企图→________ (v. )打算,想要 intended →_________ (adj. )意欲达到的,打算的

anxiety anxious 11.________(n. )忧虑,焦虑,不安→________ (adj. )焦虑的,
担忧的 adoptive adopt 12. ______(vt. )收养,领养;采用,采纳→________ (adj. )收养 adoption 的;适于采纳的→ __________(n. )采用;收养 legal illegal 13._____ (adj. )法律许可的,合法的→_______ (反义词)非法的 consequent 14. consequence ___________(n. )结果,后果→__________ (adj. )随之发生 consequently 的→____________( adv. )因此,所以 professional profession 15.__________(n. )职业,行业→____________(adj. )专业的, 职业的

original 16. ________(adj. )原来的,起初的; 首创的;非复制的→ origin ________(n. )起源,起点 conduct conductor 17. ________(vt. )实施;指挥乐队→ __________(n. )售票员;

(乐队)指挥
minority 18. majority _________(n. )多数,大多数→________ (n. )少数民族;少 数派 consideration 19. _____________(n. )仔细考虑;必须考虑的因素;体谅,顾 considerate consider 及→ _________(vt. &vi. )考虑;认为→____________(adj. )体贴 considerable 的,体谅的;考虑周到的→_____________ (adj. )相当大的;相 当重要的

frightened frighten 20. ________(vt. )使惊吓,使惊恐→ ___________(adj. )感到害 frightening 怕的→ ____________(adj. )令人恐惧的 permission permit 21. __________(n. )准许,许可,批准→ _________(v. )许可;

permit 准许→ _______(n. )许可证

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 permit ①Her father would not _______her to drive alone even though permit she had got her driving_______. Without her permission father’s___________, she had no choice but to go out by bus or on a bike. (permit)

frightening ②A mad dog was coming at a __________speed,

which

frightened ___________many people on the road away, but the child was frightened too __________to move. (frighten) consider considerate ③I _________him ___________because he always takes consideration everything into _____________when we plan. (consider)

Ⅱ.短语回放

1. 一方面??另一方面??

on the one hand. . . on the ______________________ other hand. . . ______________

2. 戏弄,摆弄;把??当作儿戏 3. 为了??,以??为目的或意图 4. 对??表示尊敬,尊重 5. 义无反顾地进行,努力推进 6. 成功地做成某事

toy with _________ with the intention of. . . ______________________ show respect for _______________ push ahead with _________________ succeed in doing sth. ____________________

7. 供出售,待销售
8. 同意;与??一致 9. 以??的语气,以??的论调 10. 耗尽体力,累垮 11. 效仿某人 12. 认真考虑 13. 赞同, 支持 14. 观点

for sale _______ in agreement with _________________ on a. . . note ______________

be/get burnt out ________________
follow in one’s footsteps ______________________ take. . . into consideration ______________________ in favour of _____________ point of view ________________

15. 满足某人的要求

meet one’s needs ________________

Ⅲ. 句式扫描 On the one hand 1. ________________(一方面), some scientists point out that if

you clone an embryo,

you can produce valuable human

tissues—such as bone or lung tissue—that could be used to save On the other hand human lives. ________________( 另 一 方 面 ), including some scientists, many people, if

disagree and are afraid that,

mankind toys with nature in this way, we may be on our way to

producing a real-life Frankenstein’s monster.

The first mammal to be cloned 2. ___________________________(第一只被克隆出的哺乳动 物)successfully from an adult cell was Dolly the sheep. 3. I don’t want to adopt someone else’s child—if I had the would have a cloned baby right now chance,I _______________________________(会立即要一个 克隆婴儿). While cloning human embryos is not legal 4. _____________________________________(尽管克隆人类胚

胎不合法) in many countries, some scientists are already
pushing ahead with research in order to produce a cloned human baby.

5. The developed and developing countries of the world need to work together to make sure that people enjoy healthy and happy lives, without the environment around them suffering _________________________________________(同 时不损害其周边的环境) . Nowhere is this truer than 6. ________________________(哪里都没有比这更真实的) with genetically modified (GM) food.

7. Research has been limited to increasing production profits,
rather than ___________(而不是) making sure that GM foods are safe.

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①on the one hand. . . on the other hand. . .

仿写:一方面,蹦极跳很有趣;另一方面,它也很危险。
On the one hand, bungee jumping is interesting. On the other ______________________________________________________ hand, it is very dangerous _______________________. ②while引导让步状语从句,意为“尽管,虽然” 仿写:虽然他不穷,但他身上没有现金。 While he is not poor, he has no cash on him ______________________________________.

③without+宾语+宾补
仿写:没有那个好心的老人帮她,她大学毕不了业。 Without the kind old man helping her, she wouldn’t have __________________________________________________ graduated from university _______________________.

核 心 要 点

consequence consideration

三年1考 三年1考

confirm

三年3考

1. adopt vt. 收养,领养;采用,采纳
①The school must adopt new methods of teaching foreign

languages. 学校必须采取教授外语的新方法。
②Having no children of their own, they decided to adopt an orphan. 因为没有亲生儿女,他们决定领养一个孤儿。 adopted three children ③The family have________ _______ ________. 那个家庭收养了三个孩子。

【点津】adopt与adapt(适应)的词义辨析是高考易考点。

2. consequence n. 结果,后果;影响;重要性

①The company now suffers the consequences of his
mismanagement. 该公司现在正遭受他管理不当所造成的后果。 ②We hadn’t enough money to pay our bus fare, and in consequence/as a consequence we had to walk. 我们的钱不够付公交车费,因此我们只得步行。

③Many Gulf States have enjoyed great wealth as a consequence of/in consequence of oil. 许多海湾国家因为石油的缘故而拥有了巨大的财富。

【归纳】

as a consequence _________________=in consequence
因此,结果 as a consequence of _________________=in consequence of 由于,因为??的缘故

【点津】表示结果的短语还有:as a result,result in,lead to, bring about等。

3. consideration n. 仔细考虑;必须考虑的因素;体谅,顾及 ① John never showed any consideration for his mother’s

feelings.
约翰从来都不体谅他母亲的感情。 ②Taking his youth into consideration, they didn’t give him heavy work. 考虑到他年轻,他们没给他分配繁重的工作。

【归纳】 show consideration for _____________________ take. . . into consideration ______________________ 体贴,照顾 认真考虑

4. confirm vt. & vi. 证实,证明;确认;使确信 confirm sth. /that-clause confirm sb. in. . . 证实,证明;使确信 使某人在??方面更 加坚定 confirm sb. in the belief 使某人坚信

It is/has been confirmed that 已经确定

①The announcement confirmed that the election would take place on June 20th. 公告证实选举将在6月20日举行。 ②This latest information confirms me in the belief that he is to blame. 最近这一则消息使我坚信他该受到责备。 confirmed his judgement ③What he observed _________ ____ __________. 他观察到的现象证实了他的判断。

It has been confirmed that ④____ _____ _____ __________ ______ teachers’ salary will be closely connected with their performance. 已经确定老师的工资将与他们的绩效挂钩。

5. favour(=favor) n. 赞同,支持;恩惠,帮助;偏爱,偏袒

(1)in favour of
in sb. ’s favour out of favour with. . . (2)ask a favour of sb.

赞同,支持
对某人有利; 有助于某人 失宠于??; 不受??欢迎 请某人帮忙

do sb. a favour/do a favour for sb.

给某人以恩惠;帮某人一个忙
do sb. the favour to do sth. /do sb. a favour by doing sth. 给某人帮忙做某事

①Don’t try to borrow John’s car—I hate asking favours of

people. 别去向约翰借小汽车了——我不愿求人。
②The situation both at home and abroad is in our favour. 国内

外形势都对我们有利。
do me a favour ③Will you ____ ____ ___ _______by lending me the English dictionary? 你能不能帮个忙把英语词典借给我?

【真题链接】
[2011湖北,30]When asked about their opinions about the schoolmaster, many teachers would prefer to see him step aside_____ younger men. A. in terms of B. in need of

C. in favor of

D. in praise of

【解析】选C。考查介词词组辨析。句意:当被问及关于校长

的意见时,许多老师希望他能让位给更年轻的人。in terms of
就??而言;in need of需要;in favor of赞同,支持;in praise of称赞, 赞颂。根据句意选择C项。

【熟词生义】根据语境选择最佳汉语意

He divided the candy among the children without favour to
anyone.

A. 赞同
答案: C

B. 帮助

C. 偏爱

6. frighten vt. 使惊吓,使惊恐

(1)frighten. . . Away

把??吓跑,吓走

frighten sb. from (doing) sth. 吓得某人不敢(做)某事

frighten sb. into/out of(doing) sth.
恐吓某人做/不做某事

(2)be frightened at
be frightened of

受??惊吓,对??大吃一惊
对??感到害怕

be frightened to death

被吓得要死

①The sudden noise frightened the deer away.

突如其来的响声把鹿吓跑了。
②They frightened the old lady into signing the paper.

他们威胁那位老太太,让她在纸上签了字。

选词填空(of/at) ③看到这可怕的情景,他害怕了。

at He was frightened ____the terrible sight.
④他害怕狗。 of He was frightened ____the dog.

7. permission n. 准许,许可,批准

(1)ask for permission

请求许可

give sb. permission to do sth. 允许某人做某事 with sb. ’s permission without permission (2)permit vt. permit (one’s) doing sth. permit sb. to do sth. 在某人许可的情况下 未经许可 允许 允许(某人)做某事 允许某人做某事

permit of

容许,有??的可能性

①I need to call my dad and ask for permission before we go out.
我们出去之前,我得给我爸打个电话征得他的同意。 ②With your permission I’ll leave now. 在你允许的情况下,我现在就要动身了。 ③她母亲不允许她在外过夜。(一句多译) Her mother doesn’t give her permission to stay away at night. permit her staying away = Her mother doesn’t _______ _____ _______ ______at night. permit her to stay away = Her mother doesn’t _______ ____ ___ ______ ______at night.

【点津】permission是不可数名词,意为“许可”,permit也

可作名词,但它是可数名词,意为“许可证,执照”。

8. on the one hand. . . on the other hand. . .

一方面??另一方面??
① On the one hand this job is not well-paid, but on the other

(hand) I can’t get another one. 从一方面来说这份工作工资不
高,但另一方面我又找不到另外的工作。

【拓展】 at hand by hand 在手边,在附近(空间);即将来临(时间) 用手;亲自

give/lend sb. a hand=give/lend a hand to sb.
帮某人一把 hand in hand in hand 手拉手;同时并存 (钱、物、时间)在手中;(局势)在控制 中;(工作)在进行中

on hand

在手边(随时可用);出席,在场

用上面方框中的短语的适当形式补全下列句子
②一些人深信人类末日即将来临。 Some people feel strongly that the end of humanity will at hand be_________. ③当邻居们需要帮助的时候,向他们伸出援手是我们的职责。 give a hand to It is our duty to ______________our neighbours when they need.

④有时候新市场和新技术并驾齐驱。 Sometimes new markets and new technologies

hand in hand go______________.

9. toy with 戏弄,摆弄;把??当作儿戏
①She was just toying with her food, as if she wasn’t really

hungry. 她把饭拨弄着玩儿,好像并不饿。
②He often toyed with the idea of buying a bike but never actually bought one. 他经常不很认真地考虑那个买自行车的主意,结果一辆也没买。

【拓展】补全下列短语
agree ______with meet ______with end/close _________with. . . begin/start __________with. . . go ____with 同意某人的话;与??一致 偶遇;遭受 以??开始 以??结束 伴随;与??相配

do ___with deal ______with

处理(常与what连用) 应付,处理; 与??交往/做生意;论及,

10. show respect for对??表示尊敬, 尊重
Show respect for all employees, regardless of gender, race,

religion —or personality. 尊重所有的雇员,不管其性别、种族、
宗教信仰——还是个性如何。

【拓展】 写出下列短语的意思 with respect to out of respect for with respect 关于,至于 _____________ 出于对??的尊重 _________________ 尊敬地 ________

【熟词生义】 根据语境选择最佳汉语意思 The plan was good in every respect , but it was badly executed. A. 尊敬 B. 尊重 C. 方面

【解析】选C。in every respect在每一方面,从各个方面。

11. push ahead with义无反顾地进行,努力推进

①Despite opposition, they are pushing ahead with their scheme
for a new airport. 尽管有人反对,他们仍在大力推进修建新机场的计划。 ②Our government has been actively pushing ahead with scientific research in this field. 我们的政府一直在积极推进这个领域的科研工作。

【拓展延伸】
翻译下列短语 push aside push down push forward push over push one’s way

把??推向一旁;不管,不顾 _____________________________
推倒,压倒 _____________

(不顾困难)继续前进 _______________________
推倒; 推翻 ______________ 推开路(前进);挤过去 ______________________

12. While cloning human embryos is not legal in many countries, some scientists are already pushing ahead with research in order to produce a cloned human baby. 尽管克隆人类胚胎在很多国家还不合法,但一些科学家正在加 紧研究,以制造出克隆的人类婴儿。 句中的while引导让步状语从句,常放在句首,译作“尽管, 虽 然”,比although或 though语气要轻。

【辨析】

理解下列区别并选词填空
while 引导让步状语从句时多位于句首 二者可互换,且都可以与yet,still或nevertheless 连用,但不与but连用。though引导让步状语从 句可用倒装结构,而although不可以。 引导让步状语从句时通常用倒装语序,即把表 as

although/ Though

语、状语或动词原形置于句首。若表语为单数可
数名词,则名词前不加冠词。

Although/Though/While ①________________________we all tried our best, we lost the

game.
尽管我们都尽全力了,比赛还是输了。 as/though ②Child ___________he is, (yet) he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 尽管他是个孩子,但他认识很多汉字。

though/although ③It is a sunny day, ________________(it is) cold. 真是个大晴天,尽管有点冷。

【想一想】 while作连词,除了可以引导让步状语从句外,还可以引导哪些

从句?

【拓展延伸】(1)while作并列连词,构成并列句,意为“然而,
但是”,相当于and then/but,强调前后两种情况的对比和转 折,此时,while一般位于句中。

(2) while用作从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“当??的
时候, 和??同时”,此时的主从句谓语动作同时发生,从句 谓语通常是延续性动词。 (3) while引导从句时,如果主从句的主语一致,且从句谓语又 含有be,则从句主语和be可以省略。while后可直接跟现在分词、

名词、形容词或介词短语。

13. Nowhere is this truer than with genetically modified (GM) food. 转基因食品就是最好的例子。

(1)句中nowhere. . . truer. . . 是比较级的形式,表示最高级的含

义。在英语中,“No other+单数名词/Nothing/No one/None/
Nobody+. . . +比较级+than. . . ”句型是比较级表示最高级,句 意:再没有比??更??的了。

①No other boy is poorer than John. 再没有比约翰更穷的了。(约翰最穷) Nothing is more valuable ②_________ ____ ______ __________than friendship. 再没有比友谊更宝贵的了。(友谊最宝贵)

【真题链接】

[2010全国卷Ⅱ,20]Mr.

Black is very happy because the

clothes made in his factory have never been _____. A. popular C. most popular B. more popular D. the most popular

【解析】选B。考查比较级。句意:布莱克先生很高兴,因为 他的工厂生产的衣服从来没有像现在这样受欢迎过。此句的意 思暗含了现在生产的衣服比以往都受欢迎,not/never加比较级 表示肯定意义的最高级。故选B。

(2)本句以否定词nowhere开头,为倒装语序。 (1)具有否定意义或半否定意义的副词以及含有否定词的介词短

语等放句首时,主句需部分倒装。
(2)这类 常 用的 否 定 词 或否 定 词 组 有: not,hardly,little, never,rarely,seldom,by no means,in no way,not until, in no case(决不),on no condition(无论如何也不),no longer, at no time(任何时候都不),on no account(决不),no sooner. . .

than,hardly/scarcely. . . when(一??就??)等。

①Little did he know that the police were around. 他一点儿也不知道警察就在旁边。 ②她几乎不能相信自己的眼睛。 Hardly could she believe ________ ______ ____ ________ her own eyes.

【真题链接】 [2010四川,9]We laugh at jokes, how they work. A. we think B. think we but seldom_____about

C. we do think

D. do we think

【解析】选D。句意:我们因笑话而笑,但很少去思考笑话是

如何起作用的。当含有否定意味的副词置于句首时,句子通常
用部分倒装。

(1)intention与其他名词的词义辨析 (2)anxiety的用法以及与其他名词的词义辨析

(3)majority的含义及用法
(4)错综时间虚拟句的应用

1. When the headmaster put forward the plan, the____of the students in the class____ against it.

A. majority; were
C. most; did

B. most; were
D. majority; did

【解析】选A。the majority of+可数名词的复数或不可数名词
=most of+可数名词复数或不可数名词,故排除B、C两项;be against 反对,不赞成,可知应选A。

2. To our___, she didn’t arrive on time, so we all began to
worry about her safety. A. excitement C. anxiety B. taste D. eagerness

【解析】选C。句意:让我们焦虑的是,她没有按时到达,于 是我们都开始担心她的安全。excitement兴奋;taste味道, 品味; anxiety焦虑, 挂念;eagerness渴望。

3. Many farmers left their fields and went to big cities with the___ of making money to support their family. A. intention C. concern B. determination D. development

【解析】选A。考查名词辨析。句意:为了挣钱养家糊口,很 多农民离开了土地去往大城市。with the intention of为了, 以??为目的或意图,符合句意。determination决心, 果断; concern担心,关心;development发展。

4. 完成句子 ①假如你当时听我的话,你现在就会好多了。 would be much better You ____________________now if you had taken my advice. ②如果当初你没有认真研究这个问题,现在你就会遇到困难。

If you had not studied ______________the problem carefully, you would run
into difficulties now.

详解词义猜测题

词义猜测题主要考查考生根据上下文推测词义和语义的能
力,突出考查语境的分析和把握能力。从考查内容看,主要有 猜测某个生词、短语、句子的意思或代词指代等。 该类题的答题技巧总结如下:

一、根据定义或上下文解释进行猜测 有时短文中出现一个需要猜测其意义的词或短语,上文或 下文会出现其定义、解释或描述,这就是判断该词或短语意义 的主要依据。高考中大部分猜测都要通过该手段。

【真题连连看①】

[ 2011 辽 宁 ] The Coalition for the Homeless is an
organization that seeks to address the needs of the homeless population in the United States. It is a network of offices, some of which provide food and houses for the homeless population, and some of which fight for the passing of laws that would give every American the right to a place to call home.

67. The word “address” in the first paragraph probably means “____”. A. talk about B. deal with C. fight for D. write to

【步步精析】 67. 选B。文中提到the Coalition for the Homeless是一个为无家

可 归 者 服 务 的 组 织 , 后 面 的 that 引 导 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰 an
organization,进一步说明the Coalition for the Homeless是一个 什么样的组织,在定语从句中提到了“___美国无家可归者的 需求”。第二句又进一步进行解释。综合这些解释,我们可以 断定address在此句中意为“处理”。

二、根据说明、并列、同义、近义、反义、对比等关系猜测词


在句子或段落中,我们可以利用熟悉的词语,根据语言环

境所表示的关系猜测词义。

【真题连连看②】 [2011江西]After immigrating from England to the USA,

and an unsuccessful attempt to make a living as a farmer, he
moved to Chicago, where he saw the reconstruction of the city after the disastrous fire of 1871. In those days, it was nicknamed“the Garden City”, almost certainly the source of Howard’s name for his later building plan of towns. Returning to London, Howard developed his design in the 1880s and

1890s, drawing on ideas that were popular at the time, but creating a unique combination of designs.

67. The underlined phrase“drawing on”in Paragraph 1
probably means_____. A. making use of C. giving an explanation of B. making comments on D. giving a description of

【步步精析】
67. 选A。通过文章第一段叙述可知Howard在到达芝加哥后有

了创建“花园城市”的灵感,回到伦敦后,他运用当时所流行
的观点把各种设计进行了结合,形成了他自己的独特设计。因 此,他是在“利用”当时流行的观点。

非谓语动词
非谓语动词是高考考查的重点也是难点,其时态和语态及

句法功能是主要的考查点。在复习备考时应着重以下几个方面:
1. 动词不定式作宾语、表语、定语和状语;2. 动名词作宾语; 3. 现在分词作定语和状语;4. 动词的-ed形式作定语、补足语

和状语;5. 独立主格结构。

1. [2011四川,11]Simon made a big bamboo box___the little
sick bird till it could fly. A. keep B. kept C. keeping D. to keep

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:为了让生病的小鸟待 到会飞,西蒙做了一个大的竹盒子。动词不定式用来表示目的。 故选D。

2. [ 2011浙 江 , 14 ] Even the best writers sometimes find themselves____for words.

A. lose
C. to lose

B. lost
D. having lost

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:即便是最优秀的作家
有时也会难以找到合适的语言表达自己。be lost for words无言

以对,无法用语言表达,本句用lost for words短语作宾语补足
语。

3. [2011湖南,21]The ability____an idea is as important as the idea itself. A. expressing C. to express B. expressed D. to be expressed

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:表达想法的能力和想 法本身一样重要。expressed(过去分词)和to be expressed后是不

可接名词(an idea)的,所以排除B、D。ability后常接不定式作
后置定语,the ability to do sth. 表示“做某事的能力。

4. [2011天津,7 ]Passengers are permitted ____only one
piece of hand luggage onto the plane. A. to carry C. to be carried B. carrying D. being carried

【解析】 选A。考查非谓语动词,句意:乘客们只允许带一个 手提行李上飞机。根据permit sb. to do sth. 意思是允许某人做 某事,其被动形式为sb. be permitted to do sth. 故选A。

5. [2011上海,32]The rare fish, ___from the cooking pot, has

been returned to the sea.
A. saved B. saving

C. to be saved

D. having saved

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:从烹饪锅中救起的稀

有鱼已经被放回大海了。save与fish之间是动宾关系,由句意
可知“the rare fish被救起”发生在过去,故要用save的过去分 词, saved表示被动完成的含义,选A。

6. [2011全国卷Ⅰ,27]The next thing he saw was smoke ____from behind the house.

A. rose

B.rising

C.to rise

D.risen

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:紧接着,他看到从房

子后面升起了烟。此处rising from behind the house作定语修饰
前面的smoke。rise是不及物动词,与smoke之间是逻辑上的主 动关系,且强调rise这一动作正在发生。故用v. -ing形式。to

rise表示动作发生在将来;risen强调动作的完成。

7. [ 2011四 川 , 2 ] Lydia doesn’t feel like____abroad. Her parents are old.

A. study
C. studied

B. studying
D. to study

【解析】选B。 考查非谓语动词。句意:莉迪亚不想去国外学
习,她的父母年纪都很大了。feel like doing 想做某事,是固定

搭配,故选B。

8. [2011安徽,30]Tom asked the candy makers if they could
make the chocolate easier ____into small pieces. A. break C. broken B. breaking D. to break

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆问糖果制造商他 们能否把巧克力制作得更易弄碎。该句中的形容词easier为宾 语补足语,相当于表语的作用,其后应该使用不定式结构,类

似于It is+adj. +to do. . . 结构,故选择D项。

9. [2011山东,27] Look over there—there’s a very long,
winding path___up to the house. A. leading B. leads C. led D. to lead

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:看那里——有一条长 长的蜿蜒的小路通向那所房子。lead to短语,表示“通向”, 该短语与前面的path之间为主谓关系,用现在分词作定语,相 当于定语从句which/that leads up to the house。

10. [2011北京,25]It’s important for the figures___regularly. A. to be updated B. to have been updated

C. to update

D. to have updated

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:这些数据定时更新是

很重要的。figures 与update为动宾关系,故用被动结构,排除
选项C和D。定期(regularly)更新为一般式动作,而不是先于某 个动作或时间发生,故不用不定式的完成时,排除B,故答案 为A项。

11. [2011四川, 16]___an important role in a new movie,
Andy has got a chance to become famous. A. Offer B. Offering C. Offered D. To offer

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:在新电影中,安迪被 给予了一个重要角色,获得了出名的机会。Andy 与动词offer

是逻辑上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词表被动,故选C。

12. [2011浙江, 19]If they win the final tonight, the team are going to tour around the city___by their enthusiastic supporters. A. being cheered B. be cheered

C. to be cheered

D. were cheered

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:如果他们今夜赢了决

赛,所有队员就去参加由热情的支持者赞助的环城旅游。由于
比赛结果还不可得知,所以这只是一个将来的打算,所以用动 词不定式的被动式表示将来。A、B、D项均不能表示将来的意 义,所以只能选C。

13. [2011江西,32]On receiving a phone call from his wife ______she had a fall, Mr. Gordon immediately rushed home

from his office.
A.says B.said C.saying D.to say

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:在接到妻子的电话说 她摔倒的时候,他立刻从办公室冲回家。根据句意和句子结构 可知,空格后应是电话的内容,且a phone call和say存在逻辑 上的主谓关系,故应用现在分词短语作后置定语。

14. [2011天津,12]___into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

A. Translating
C. To translate

B. Translated
D. Having translated

【解析】 选B。考查非谓语动词,句意:句子被翻译成英语,
会有一个完全不同的语序。translate和句子主语之间为动宾关 系,故用过去分词形式表示被动。

15. [ 2011 上 海 , 40 ] Today we have chat rooms, text
messaging, emailing. . . but we seem ________ the art of communicating face-to-face. A. losing C. to be lost B. to be losing D. having lost

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:今天我们拥有聊天室、 手机短信、电子邮件??但是我们似乎正在失去面对面交流的

技巧。由seem to do sth. 可知答案在B、C两项中选择,从空后
的宾语可知应排除C,故选B。

16. [2011浙江,3]Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures, some ______ a life span of around 20 years. A. having B. had C. have D. to have

【解析】选A。考查独立主格结构。句意:令人吃惊的是,蝙 蝠是寿命较长的生物,有些能生存约20年。由于题干中逗号后 的分句前没有连词,应该是短语结构,所以首先排除B、C项, 然后分析该短语结构的逻辑关系,some与非谓语存在主谓关系,

所以选A项。

17. [2011陕西,20]More highways have been built in China,

___it much easier for people to travel from one place to another.
A. making C. to make B. made D. having made

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:现在在中国建成越来 越多的高速公路,这使得人们从一个地方到另一个地方旅游变 得更加容易。句中making it much easier. . . 为非谓语动词短语 作结果状语,现在分词表示自然而然的结果,不定式则表示出

乎意料的结果。故选A。

18. [2011上海,27]It’s no use___without taking action.

A. complain
C. being complained

B. complaining
D. to be complained

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:光抱怨而不采取任何
行动是没用的。根据固定句型It’s no use doing sth. “做某事没

有意义”可知选B。

19. [2011江苏,31]Recently a survey___prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate

among citizens.
A. compared C. compares B. comparing D. being compared

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词,句意:最近一项调查比较了

两个不同超市中相同商品的价格,这在市民中间引起了激烈的
辩 论。 分析句 子结 构可知 主语 a survey之 后,谓 语动 词 has caused之前的部分作定语修饰主语,且句意上存在主谓关系,

故选B项。A项表示被动,D项表示正在进行的被动,C项为谓
语形式,都可排除。

表1 非谓语动词的时态和语态
及物与不及物 类别 语态 时态

及物动词 主动语态 to make to be making to have made to have been making to have been made 被动语态 to be made

不及物动词 主动语态 to go to be going

一般式(与谓语动作同

动 时发生或在其后发生) 进行式(在谓语动作发 词 生时正在进行)
不 定 式 完成式(发生在谓语 动作之前) 完成进行式(发生在谓 语动作之前并且一直 持续到谓语动作发生 时,仍在进行)

to have gone
to have been going

动 词 ing形式 (包括动 名词和 现在分 词)

一般式(与谓语动 作同时发生) 完成式(发生在 谓语动作之前)

making

being made

going

having made having been made made(表被动 或完成)

having gone

动 词 过 一般式(表动作的 去分词 被动或完成)

gone (表完成)

1. 当作定语的不定式所修饰的名 词或代词是不定式动作的承受者 时,不定式既可用主动语态, 特 也可用被动语态,但其含义有 所不同。 别 提 醒 2. 不定式所修饰的名词或代词和 不定式逻辑上构成主谓关系时, 不定式往往用主动形式。
3. 不定式作表语形容词的状语,和句 子主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系时不定 式多用主动形式,常见的形容词有: easy, hard, difficult, interesting, heavy, pleasant, good, fit, comfortable, safe, dangerous, impossible等。

试比较:Have you got anything to send? 你有什么东西要寄吗?(不定 式to send的动作执行者“你”)Have you got anything to be sent? 你有 什么要(我或别人)寄的东西吗? (不定式to be sent的动作执行者是 “我”或“别人”)

Do you have a knife to cut the watermelon with? (A knife cuts the watermelon. )

This book is difficult to understand. 这本书很难懂。

4. 动词need, require, want作“需要” Thewindowneeds/wants/ 解时,其后必须用动名词的主动形式或 requires cleaning/to becleaned. 不定式的被动形式作宾语,表示某事需 窗户需要擦一下。 要被做。 5. be worth后必须用动名词的主动形式 The place is worth visiting. . 特 表示被动含义。 这个地方值得参观。 别 6. 有些动词如admit, forget, remember, deny, apologize, regret, thank等以及 提 after等介词后的动名词可用一般式表 达完成式的意义。 醒 7. 若谓语为表示“愿望、打算、意图” 的动词时,如hope, think, want, plan, expect, mean, intend等,其后可以跟 不定式的完成式表示“本来想要或打 算做某事,而实际上未能实现”。 I forgot meeting her in 1990. 我忘了在1990年曾见过她。

We meant to have stopped him from doing such a thing. 我们本想阻止他做这件事。

表2
类别 功能

非谓语动词的句法功能
典句例示 It’s very hard to learn an art. My goal is to be a scientist. ①She pretended not to see me when I passed by. ②We agreed to meet here butso far she hasn’t turned up yet.

动 词 不 定 式

要点归纳 常用it作形式主语,谓语 主语 动词用单数 表语 表示主语的“职业,职责 和性质”等 不定式作宾语时,往往跟在 某些及物动词后面。常见的 宾语 有:afford, agree, ask, decide, desire, pretend,plan, intend, refuse, wish等

要点归纳

典句例示 ①We could do nothing but wait. ②We have no choice but to wait. ③We can’t choose but wait. I make it a rule to do

动 词 不 定 式 宾 语

不定式在介词but, except, besides 后面时,如果介词之前为动词do 的某种形式,则后接不带to的不 定式,否则带to。此外,cannot choose but和cannot help but, cannot but等后面的不定式也省 略to。 不定式作动词的宾语,其后跟 补足语时,常用it作形式宾语, 而把不定式后置。
tell, show, understand, know, explain, teach, learn, advise, discuss等动词可跟 “疑问词+不定式”。

Tai Chi every morning

I don’t know what to do.

要点归纳

典句例示 ①The Browns have a comfortable house to live in. ②He has no money and no place to live (in).




不 定

不定式和所修饰的词之间有动 宾关系,后面就要有相应的介 词。但是,不定式所修饰的名 词如果是time, place或way 时, 定 不定式后面的介词习惯上省去。 语 不定式与被修饰的词有逻辑 上的主谓关系
说明所修饰的名词的内容, 与 该词存在同位关系。常用于 chance, opportunity, time, money, decision, refusal, wish, right等词后。

She is always the first to come to school. I must keep the promise to pay within a month.



要点归纳 典句例示 此类动词有: advise, allow, ask, beg, It’s hard to persuade Dad to cause, encourage, expect, forbid, give up smoking. force, get, teach, tell, order等 动 宾 词 语 补 不 足 定 语
式 动词不定式作动词feel, hear, see, watch, notice, observe等感官动词以 及have, let, make等使役动词后面的 宾语补足语时,不定式符号to要省 略。但如果这些句子变成被动结构 时,必须带to。 注意下列结构中用不定式作主语补 足语,它们是:sb. be said/believed/ known/reported/considered/found/ thought to do/to have done/to be done/ to have been done ①I heard her sing an English song just now. ②Mother had me go to the shop and buy some salt. ③My neighbour was heard to lock the door. ①He is said to have gone abroad. ②Heat is considered to be a form of Energy.

要点归纳

典句例示




不 定



①He sat down to have a rest. ②He was astonished to hear 动词不定式作状语时,表示 the news. 目的、结果、原因等。 ③They lifted a rock only to drop it on their own feet.



语 目的状语还可以用in order to ①In order to pass the exam, he 或so as to来表示,但so as to 一般不置于句首,only to do, worked hard. so. . . as to do和such. . . as to ②He was so angry as to be do中的不定式均作结果状语。 unable to speak. only to do表出人意料的结果。

要点归纳

典句例示

动 词 主 的 语 -ing 形 式
表 语

常用于以下句型: It is+no use/good+doing sth. It is/was not any use /good ①It is no use crying over spilt milk. doing sth. ②It is of little good staying up too It is/was of little use/good late every day. doing sth. It is/was useless doing sth.

说明主语的具体内容

Her job is giving piano lessons to children.

要点归纳 只能跟动名词作宾语的动词或 动词短语:admit, appreciate, avoid, consider(考虑),delay, dislike, escape, enjoy, fancy, 动 词 宾 finish, forgive, excuse, imagine, 的 语 mind, miss(错过), practise, risk, suggest,be used to(习惯于), -ing can’t help(情不自禁),can’t 形 stand(无法忍受), give up, feel 式 like,keep on, insist on,look forward to, put off, devote. . . to,stick to, object to, get down to等

典句例示

①The squirrel was so lucky that it just missed being caught. ②I would appreciate your calling back this afternoon. ③I can hardly imagine Peter sailing across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. ④The discovery of the new evidence led to the thief being caught.

要点归纳

典句例示

动 词 的 -ing 形 式

同 位 语

补充说明前面名词(代词)的内容 His chief hobby, sailing a boat, cost him most of his salary.

定 语

1. 动名词:表示被修饰的名词 的用途和性能 2. 现在分词 相当于一个定语从句,强调经 常性状态或动作的进行。单个 词要前置,短语要后置。

①He is swimming in a swimming pool. ②The houses being built are for the teachers.

要点归纳

典句例示

宾语 1. 宾语与v. -ing形式有主谓关系; It’s wrong of you to leave the 动 补足 2. v. -ing形式所表示的动作正在 machine running. 词 语 进行。 的 1. 一般式(doing)与句中主语构成 -ing ①Hearing the news, they got 逻辑上的主谓关系,与句中谓语 形 excited. 式 状语 动作同时发生或在其后发生 ②Having been bitten by a 2. 完成式(having done) 与句中主 snake, she was frightened 语构成逻辑上的主谓关系,先于 at it. 谓语动作而发生

要点归纳 表语 定语 表示状态

典句例示 The window was broken.

过 去 宾语 分 补足 词 语

相当于一个定语从句,表示被 ①He is an experienced teacher. 动或完成,单个分词要前置, ②The book published in March 分词短语作定语时后置。 sells well. 及物动词的过去分词作宾语补 足语, 与宾语有逻辑上的被动 关系,且表完成。 一般式(done)同动词的-ing形 式的完成被动式(having been done)均与句中主语构成逻辑 上的动宾关系,且先于谓语动 作而发生。 I saw the horse tied to a tree.

状语

Wounded, the brave soldier continued to fight.

要点归纳

典句例示

过去分词和动词的-ing形式作状语 时,其逻辑主语必须与句子的主 ①Being blind, how could they 过 状 语保持一致,且和句中主语构成 see an elephant? 去 逻辑上的主谓或动宾关系,否则 ②Given a chance, we can 分 语 不能使用它们作状语。但独立 surprise the world. 词 成分,如Generally speaking, Judging from. . . Considering除外。 特 别 提 醒 1. 在复合结构构成上,动词不定式 的复合结构是由“for/of sb. /sth. ①It’s difficult for a foreigner +不定式”构成,其中for或of无 to learn Chinese. 意义,如果介词后的名词或代词 ②It is kind of you to say so. 与其前面的形容词存在逻辑上的 主系表关系,则该介词用of, 反之,则须用for。

2. 动名词的复合结构是由“形容词 性物主代词/名词所有格+动名词” 构成,在口语中,这种结构如果作 Would you mind my/me opening the window? 特 宾语,其中的形容词性物主代词 别 可用人称代词的宾格代替,名词 提 所有格可用名词的普通格代替。 醒 ①She decided not to be late again. 3. 在否定形式上,非谓语动词的 ②Not knowing his address, I had 否定形式是在非谓语动词前面 some difficulty in finding his 加not。 house.

特 别 提 醒

rememberto do记得要做?? doing记得做过?? forgetto do忘记了要做?? doing忘记了做过?? meanto do想要做?? 4. 有些动词后面既可以跟动名词也 doing意味着?? 可以跟不定式作宾语,但意义不同。 regretto do遗憾去做?? doing后悔做过?? go onto do接着做别的?? doing继续做(同一件事) can’t help(to) do不能帮助 做?? doing情不自禁做??

特 别 提 醒

5. 非谓语动词的常用句型:(1)have sth. done=get sth. done使/让某事 由别人去做;使遭受 (2)have sb. do sth. =get sb. to do sth. 使/让/叫某人去做某事 (3)have sb. /sth. doing使/让 某人/物持续地做某事 get sb. /sth. doing使某人/物开始 行动起来 (4)leave sb. doing sth. 让某人一直 做某事 (5)leave sth. undone留下某事未做 (6)leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做 某事 (7)leave sth. to be done 留下某事 要做

①The captain got the soldiers moving towards the front after a short rest. ②I’ll have my bike repaired tomorrow. ③Tom had his legs broken while playing football. ④Mother had me go to the shop and buy some salt. ⑤The guests left most of the dishes untouched, because they didn’t taste delicious. ⑥He left, leaving me to do all the work. ⑦We hurriedly ended our meeting, leaving many problems to be settled.

3 独立主格结构 独立主格结构,就是分词有其自己的独立主语,可以不与句子 的主语保持一致。独立主格结构没有主语和谓语,所以在语法上不 是句子。此结构在句子中起原因、方式、时间、条件、伴随状语从 句的作用。独立主格结构应与句子的主体部分分隔开来。其功能和 用法见下表:
表现形式 意义 例句

现 在 现在分词表主动或正在进行, ①Weather permitting, we’ll 名词 分 词 / go out for a walk. 过去分词表被动或已经 / 代 ②Homework finished, the 过 去 词+ boy went out to play. 分词 完成

表现形式
名 词/ 不定式 表示名词 或代词所 处的状态

意义
表将来,计划安排要做 的事

例句 The exam to be held tomorrow, I can’t go to the cinema tonight.


词 +

表示主语的“职业,职责 Our lessons(being)over, 和性质”等 we went to play football.

介词短语

表位置

The girl is walking in the field, packet on the back.

表现形式

意义 表主动或进行

例句

现在分词
过去分词 with + 名 词 / 代词 +
不定式 形容词 副词 介词短语

They pretended to be working all night with their lights burning.
She had to walk home with her bike stolen. I can’t go out to play with so much homework to do. He used to sleep with windows open. He went to sleep with lights on. The children came running toward us, with flowers in their hands.

表被动或完成
表将来

表状态
表状态 表位置

1. [ 2012 吉 林 模 拟 ] Mrs. White found her husband surrounded by letters and papers and _______very worried. A. look B. looks C. looking D. to look

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:怀特夫人发现她的丈 夫被信件和文件包围着 ,看起来非常担心 。surrounded by letters and papers 和looking very worried都是分词短语作补语, 前者表示被动,后者表示主动。

2. Scientists have created the world’s smallest“snowman”,
___about a fifth of the width of a human hair. A. measures C. measured B. measuring D. to measure

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:科学家们制造了世界 上最小的“雪人”,宽度是人的一根头发的五分之一。 measure 在句中表示“量度为”,snowman和measure之间是

主谓关系,故用现在分词短语作状语。

3. Microblogs experienced rapid growth in 2010 in China, with the number of microblog operators, users and visitors___several

times.
A. to increase B. increasing

C. increased

D. increase

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。后半句是with复合结构,意

在表明微博的经营者、使用者和访问者的数量增加了好几倍。
宾语与increase之间是主谓关系,表示状态的持续,故用动词 的现在分词形式。

4. [2012宝鸡模拟]A terrible air crash happened over the

Atlantic Ocean, ___150 passengers.
A. killing B. having killed

C. killed

D. to kill

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:一场可怕的飞机坠毁

事故在大西洋上空发生了,150名乘客遇难。根据语意,此处
要用现在分词短语表示自然的结果。

5. [2012北京模拟]_____many failures, I have the courage to meet all challenges.

A. Having experienced
C. Experienced

B. To experience
D. Experience

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:经历了很多次失败后,
我有勇气面对所有的挑战。I和experience是主谓关系,故应用 现在分词形式作状语。又因experience这一动作发生在have the courage之前,故用现在分词的完成式,选A。

6. [ 2012郑 州 模 拟 ] Some people try to knock me down, only___me more determined to do better. A. to make C. having made B. makes D. made

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:一些人试图将我打倒, 结果却让我决心做得更好。根据语意可知空处是不定式短语作

结果状语,通常与only连用,表示出乎意料的结果。

7. [2012西安模拟]Upon arriving home, I was surprised to find the paper I had had ___was missing. A. to be prepared C. preparing B. to prepare D. prepared

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:我一到家就惊奇地发 现 我 事 先 让 人 准 备 的 文 件 不 见 了 。 (that/which)I had had

prepared是定语从句,修饰先行词the paper, 从句中含有一个
have sth. done 结构,表示“让别人做某事”。

8. Barbara often makes a schedule to get herself ____of what
she is to do in the day. A. remind C. reminded B. to remind D. reminding

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:巴巴拉经常给自己做 个日程安排表以提醒自己白天应该干什么。根据句意,主语 remind与herself之间构成动宾关系,所以用过去分词作宾语补

足语。

9. [2012哈尔滨模拟]______the project as planned, we’ll have

to work two more hours a day.
A. Completing C. Completed B. Complete D. To complete

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:为了按计划完成工程, 我们将不得不每天多工作两个小时。根据后半句中的内容可知 前半句表示目的,所以用不定式作目的状语。

10. [2012成都模拟]Mary, ___for her healthy lifestyle, was pictured on the front cover of Life Style magazine. A. knowing C. known B. to know D. being known

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。Mary以她的健康的生活方式 而出名,她的照片被登在Life Style杂志的封面上。(be) known for 意 思 是 “ 因 为 ?? 而 出 名 ” , known for her healthy lifestyle在此作原因状语。

11. Lady Gaga has put off her concerts because of the difficulties___by the ongoing strikes.

A. causing
C. to be caused

B. to cause
D. caused

【 解 析 】 选 D。 考 查 非 谓 语 动 词 。 根 据 题 意 可 知 , cause和
difficulties是动宾关系,因此用cause的过去分词形式。过去分 词短语caused by the ongoing strikes 在句中作定语,修饰 difficulties。

12. [ 2012 银 川 模 拟 ] All the injured in the disaster are believed___in time. A. treating C. to be treated B. to treat D. to be treating

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:人们相信灾难中的所 有伤员都得到了及时的治疗。此处考查的是be believed to do sth 结构,the injured与treat之间是动宾关系,故用动词不定式 的被动结构。

13. With just 2 months___, the London Olympic organizers

have promised to deliver an excellent ceremony.
A. going B. to go C. gone D. go

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:仅剩两个月了,伦敦
奥组委承诺要呈现给大家一场精美的开幕式。这里是with复合 结构,非谓语动词的逻辑主语是2 months, 同时语意表示“在 未来的两个月”,所以用不定式表示将来,据此选B。

14. Always remember that your own decision___is more important than anything else.

A. to succeed
C. having succeeded

B. succeeding
D. succeeded

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:永远记住,你想要成
功的决定比别的什么东西都重要。不定式短语to succeed在句 中作后置定语,表示目的,符合句意。

15. Everyone had a form in his hand, but no one knew which

office___.
A. to have it sent C. to be sent to B. to sent it D. to send it to

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。因为只有主从句主语一致才 能将宾语从句简化为连接词与其他构成的短语作宾语,send这 个动作的执行者是no one,要用主动语态,又因为办公室是表 格要送去的地点,要用表趋势的介词to,所以用to send it to 结

构。

16. [2012福州模拟]Little Tom admitted ____in the stop, ___

that he wouldn’t do that in future.
A. to have stolen; promising B. stealing; promised C. to stealing; promised D. having stolen; promising 【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。第一空admitted后面应该用动 名词,排除A、C两项,第二空promising是现在分词作状语,与 其逻辑主语Little Tom之间是主谓关系,据此选D。

17. [2012厦门模拟]___himself in carrying out an experiment,
he can’t spare time to look after his children. A. Occupied C. Having occupied B. Occupying D. Having been occupied

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:由于忙于进行实验, 他抽不出时间照顾孩子。he与occupy为逻辑上的主谓关系,故 用现在分词短语作原因状语。

18. I don’t regret___her what I thought even if it might upset her. A. to tell C. having told B. to have told D. tell

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:尽管可能让她伤心, 我不后悔告诉她我所想的。regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事;

regret to do sth. 很遗憾要做某事。

19. [2012苏州模拟]Despite a strong wind, children are still looking forward___the outdoor activity at the weekend.

A. to canceling
C. not to cancel

B. not to canceling
D. to not canceling

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:尽管风大,孩子们还
是期盼着不要取消周末的活动。look forward to期盼,to为介 词,因此后面用动名词,动名词的否定形式是在动名词前面加 not。

20. —What do you think of the latest film Harry Potter? —Just so so. I don’t think it worth___a second time. A. watching C. to watch B. watched D. being watched

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意:——你认为最新电影 《哈利?波特》怎么样?——一般,我认为不值得再看一遍。

be worth doing sth. 值得做某事。

21. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not___,

and asked myself what I was going to do.
A. moved B. moving

C. to move

D. being moved

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:当交通灯变绿时,我

站了一会儿,一动不动,问自己我要干什么。I 与move之间为
主动关系,故用现在分词。

22. [2012温州模拟]I’ve never dreamed of___a picture on the wall. A. there be C. there to be B. there being D. there is

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:我从来没想到墙上有 幅画。dream of梦想,of为介词,故用there be结构的动名词形

式。

23. [ 2012 南 京 模 拟 ] Yueyue,

a two-year-old girl,

was

left___on a street after___by a van in Foshan, Province on Oct 13, 2011.

Guangdong

A.bleeding; hit
C.to bleed; being hit

B.to bleed; hit
D.bleeding; being hit

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意:2011年10月13日,在
广东佛山,一个叫悦悦的两岁女孩被面包车撞过之后在大街上 流着血。leave sb. doing sth. 使某人一直做某事;hit与句子的 主语为被动关系,故用动名词的被动式。

24. [2012浏阳模拟]The power station___a few years ago has greatly benefited the local people. A. being built B. building

C. built

D. to be built

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意:几年前建的电站使当

地人获益颇多。build与the power station为动宾关系,且由a
few years ago可知该动作已经发生,故用过去分词。


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