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东莞市2015-2016下学期高一英语7校联考(含答案)


2015-2016 学年 7 校联考英语试题 高 一下 英 语 试 卷
一:听力(共两节,满分 15 分) 第一节 听力理解 (2 段共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。 请根据各段播放内容及相关小题,在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、C 项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

听第一段对话,回答 1 至 2 题。 1. What relation is Tim to Tom? A. His father. B. His friend. C. His brother. 2. What did Tom actually do last Friday night? A. He gave a performance. B. He watched a movie. C. He went out shopping. 听第二段对话,回答 3 至 5 题。 3. How much did the man weigh when he visited the woman last time? A. 185 pounds. B. 180 pounds. C. 175 pounds. 4. What does the man usually have on the way home in the afternoon? A. An ice cream. B. A yogurt. C. A Coke. 5. What does the man spend most of his time doing? A. Taking exercise. B. Doing homework. C. Playing the violin. 第二节 听取信息 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面一段对话。请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获得必要的信息,填入答 题卡标号为 6—10 的空格中。 Things that harm sleep Reason Solution Setting a bright alarm Bright from it affects your sleep Cover the bright numbers ___6___ Counting sheep Being ___7___ to stay in bed to Do some reading or count sheep ____8___ for a while ___9____ late at night Making you feel full of ___10____ Do sports in the daytime 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Welcome to Los Angeles. Here are some best things to do in Los Angeles(LA) with your kids. Fall at the Beach Thanks to its almost perfect weather all through the year, a visit to the beach is one of the best things to do when in Los Angeles with kids. While they enjoy themselves nearby, you can simply relax and have a good rest in the sun. Trip to Disneyland A trip to the City of Angels with your little angels is incomplete without a visit to the Magic Kingdom. The joy they’ll feel from being around all those Disney characters will
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light up your day, too. Visit to the Museums If you want to turn your stay in LA into an educational one for your kids, you should visit the museums. Starting with the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, or the California Science Center, or even the Kidspace Museum in Pasadena, you have many choices. I’m sure a visit to all these places will make your kids feel smarter. Visit to the Universal Studios Hollywood Your kids could get to see interesting things from some of the most popular movies ever. From the theme park of Jurassic Park to Wisteria Lane from the TV play Desperate Housewives, the Universal Studios Hollywood is a place that we all find wonderful. 11. The passage is written for those who ________. A. will go on a business trip to Los Angeles B. plan to have a trip to Los Angeles with their kids C. want to educate their children by traveling abroad D. are interested in the history and culture of Los Angeles 12. Parents who prefer their kids to learn should choose ________. A. the Universal Studios Hollywood B. the Magic Kingdom C. the museums D. the beach 13. The writer suggests visiting the beach because ________. A. children can learn a lot there B. parents can take a rest there C. it provides different sports equipment D. it’s the best beach in the world B We were standing at the top of a church tower. My father had brought me to this place in a small town not far from our home in Rome. I wondered why. “Look down, Elsa,” father said. I gathered all my courage and looked down. I saw the square in the center of the village. And I saw the crisscross (十字形) of the twisting, turning streets leading to the square. “See, my dear,” father said gently. “There is more than one way to the square. Life is like that. If you can’t get to the place where you want to go by one road, try another.” Now I understood why I was there. Earlier that day I had begged my mother to do something about the bad lunches that were served at school. But she refused to cook for me because she could not believe the lunches were as bad as I said. When I turned to Father for help, he didn’t say anything. Instead, he brought me to this high tower to give me a lesson. By the time we reached home, I had a plan. At school the next day, I secretly poured my lunch soup into a bottle and brought it
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home. Then I asked our cook to serve it to Mother at dinner. The plan worked perfectly. She swallowed one spoonful and sputtered(喷溅出)“The cook must have gone mad!” Quickly I told her what I had done, and Mother stated firmly that she would take up the matter of lunches at school the next day! In the years that followed I often remembered the lesson father taught me. I began to work as a fashion designer two years ago. I wouldn’t stop working until I tried every possible means to my goal. Father’s wise words always remind me that there is more than one way to the square. 14. The writer’s father took her to the top of a church tower to ________. A. enjoy the beautiful scenery of the whole town B. inspire her to find out another way to solve her problem C. find out how many ways lead to the square D. help her forgot some unpleasant things earlier that day 15. What did the writer want her mother to do earlier that day? A. Do something delicious for lunch. B. Taste her bad lunch. C. Dismiss the mad cook. D. Speak to the school about lunch. 16. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 means? A. The cook agreed to serve the soup to Mother. B. The matter of lunches was effective. C. Her father persuaded her mother successfully. D. The way the author thought of was successful. 17. By sharing her own experience, the writer tried to tell us________. A. when one road was stopped, we should try another B. how bad the lunches of her school were C. how wise her father was D. about the church tower near her home C Scientists find that hard-working people live longer than average men and women. Career women are healthier than housewives. Evidence shows that the jobless are in poorer health than jobholders. An investigation shows that whenever the unemployment rate increases by 1%, the death rate increases by 2%. All this comes down to one point, work is helpful t o health. Why is work good for health? It is because work keeps people busy away from loneliness. Researches show that people feel unhappy, worried and lonely when they have nothing to do. Instead, the happiest are those who are busy. Many high achievers who love their careers feel that they are happiest when they are working hard. Work serves as a bridge between man and reality. By work people come into contact with each other. By collective activity they find friendship and warmth. This is helpful to health. The loss of
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work means the loss of everything. It affects man spiritually and makes him ill. Besides, work gives one a sense of fulfillment and a sense of achievement. Work makes one feel his value and status in society. When a writer finishes his writing or a doctor successfully operates on a patient or a teacher sees his students grow, they are happy beyond words. From the above we can come to the conclusion that the more you work the happier and healthier you will be. Let us work hard and study hard and live a happy and healthy life. 18. The underlined word “average” in Paragraph 1 means ______. [来源:Zxxk.Com] A. ordinary B. lazy C. healthy D. poor 19. The reason why housewives are not as healthy as career women is that ______. A. housewives are poorer than career women B. housewives have more children than career women C. housewives have less chance to talk with others D. housewives eat less food than career women 20. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to Paragraph 2? A. Busy people have nothing to do at home. B. High achievers don’t care about their families. C. There is no friendship and warmth at home. D. A satisfying job helps to keep one healthy. 21. The best title for this passage may be _____. A. People Should Find a Job B. Working Hard Is Good for Health C. People Should Make More Friends by Work D. The Loss of Work Means the Loss of Everything D During adolescence(青春期), peers(同龄人) play a large part in a young person's life and typically replace family as the center of a teen's social activities. Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked or because they worry that other kids may make fun of them if they don't go along with the group. Others may go along because they are curious to try something new that others are doing. The idea that "everyone's doing it" may influence some kids to leave their better judgment, or their common sense, behind. As children grow, develop, and move into early adolescence, contacts with one's peers and the attraction of peer identification (认同)increases. As pre-adolescents begin rapid physical, emotional and social changes, they begin to question adult standards and the need for parental guidance. They find it good to turn for advice to friends who understand— friends who are in the same position themselves. By trying new things and testing their ideas with their peers, there is less fear of being laughed at.
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There are two levels of peer pressure. The first is in the large group: for most teens a school or a youth group are examples. This is the situation that gets the most attention. The second is in the close relationship with one or several best friends. This is the situation that is sometimes overlooked. The large group puts a general pressure on its members. It sets the standard for clothing, music, entertainment, and "political correctness". The pressure can be avoided by keeping quiet or by putting on the appearance of agreement. 22. Why can’t some children follow their common sense? A. Because they want to be liked by everybody. B. Because they don’t want to make fun of others. C. Because they are curious about their new friends. D. Because they think all the children will do the same. 23. When in pre-adolescence, who may children ask for suggestions? A. Parents B. Teachers C. Friends D. Classmates 24. According to the last paragraph, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. The teens sometimes ignore the pressure from close friends. B. Showing agreement is a way to handle the pressure from a large group. C. The pressure from a group usually gets the teens’ attention. D. The large group sets the standard for everything in the teens’ lives. 25. What might be discussed in the following paragraph? A. The reasons of peer pressure. B. The advantages of peer pressure. C. Peer pressure from close friends. D. Peer pressure from a youth group. 考@资@源@网 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳答案,选项中有两项为多 余选项。 No fight can end, and no friendship can move on, until everyone says these little words: I’m sorry. Sometimes, though, they can be difficult to say.___26___ Stop thinking about you pride. You may have heard the expression “His pride stood in the way.” It is usually used to describe a person who is so determined to be “right” that he lets an opportunity for happiness pass him by forever. ___27___ Remember: as time goes on, we usually forget who was right and who was wrong in a disagreement, and only remember the sadness of losing a friend. ___28___ Friendships aren’t like the Super Bowl, and there should never be a winner and a loser. When you start fighting with a friend, it may feel important that you “win” the fight by proving you’re right and he is wrong, or by making him be the first to apologize.
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In reality, you’ll BOTH LOSE if you let your fight ruin your friendship, and you will BOTH WIN if you find a way to heal it. Take the first step. Are you sick of fighting? Do you think this fight is just not important enough to ruin your friendship? ___29___You don’t have to take full responsibility for starting the fight, or even say that your feelings were wrong. But you should find something you did or said that’s worth apologizing for. Maybe you’re sorry that you let the fight go for so long, or that you overreacted to something your friend did. If you say you’re sorr y, it is like an invitation for your friend to do the same. ___30___ A. Then try to be the first to apologize. B. C. D. E. It’s not about winning. It’s about taking some responsibility for the argument. Don’t let this happen to a friendship you care about. Here are some things to keep in mind.

F. There are some special cases when you shouldn’t be the one to apologize first. G. Once you’ve both said it, you’ll both feel a million times better. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题后所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was in my high school science class. I was doing a task in front of the classroom with my favorite shirt on. A 31 came, “Nice shirt.” I smiled from ear to ear. Then another voice said, “That shirt belonged to my dad. Greg’s mother works for my family. We were going to 32 that shirt away, but give it to her 33 .” I was speechless. I wanted to hide. I 34 the shirt in the back of the closet and told my mother what had happened. She then dialed her 35 . “I will no longer work for your family,” she told him. That night, Mom told my dad that she couldn’t clean any more; she knew her life’s 36 was something greater. The next morning she 37 with the personnel manager at the Board of Education. He told her that without a proper education she could not teach. So Mom decided to 38 a university. After the first year in college, she went back to the personnel manager. He said, “You are 39 , aren’t you? I think I have a 40 for you as a teacher’s assistant. This opportunity deals with children who are mentally challenged with little or no chance of _41 .” Mom accepted the opportunity very 42 . For almost five years, as a teacher’s assistant, she saw teacher after teacher give up on the children and quit, feeling 43 . Then one day, the personnel manager and the principal(校长) 44 in her classroom. The principal said, “We have watched how you __45 the children and how they communicate with you and admire your hard-working
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__46 over the five years. We all __47 that you should be the teacher of this class.” My mom spent more than twenty years there. 48 her career, she was voted Teacher of the Year. All of this came about because of the 49 comment made in my classroom that day. Mom showed me how to deal with 50 situation and never give up. 31. A. noise B. voice C. sound D. tune 32. A. get B. take C. carry D. throw 33. A. otherwise B. anyhow C. instead D. actually 34. A. found B. pushed C. made D. left 35. A. teacher B. employer C. director D. adviser 36. A. victory B. encouragement C. entertainment D. purpose 37. A. went B. met C. worked D. stayed 38. A. visit B. continue C. attend D. prepare 39. A. serious B. interesting C. careful D. nervous 40. A. career B. duty C. position D. part 41. A. learning B. judging C. obeying D. imagining 42. A. patiently B. gladly C. successfully D. skillfully 43. A. upset B. frightened C. guilty D. ashamed 44. A. looked up B. went up C. took up D. showed up 45. A. believe B. protect C. treat D. receive 46. A. spirit B. intention C. action D. attempt 47. A. discuss B. argue C. debate D. agree 48. A. At B. On C. During D. With 49. A. endless B. thoughtless C. homeless D. helpless 50. A. challenging B. different C. dangerous D. strange 第二节 (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 根据句子的语法性,在下面空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词的适当形式填 空,并将答案填写在标号为 51~65 的相应位置上。 51. The father as well as his three children ________(go) skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. 52. The question that we discussed today mainly focused ________ the agriculture. 53. Walking and cycling are extremely ________ (benefit) to your body shape. 54. ________ impressed me most in the movie was the father ’s deep love for his son. 55. When Tom woke up, he found________ in a hospital bed. 56. After Mary read this difficult passage, she had a ________ (puzzle) look on her face. 57. She disagreed with this bad idea, and shook her head________ (violent). 58. As he reached________ front door, Jack saw a strange sight. 59. Susan made ________ clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself. 60. Just as I got to the school gate, I realized I ________ (leave) my book in the cafe. 61. We do not permit________ (smoke) in public, because it is not polite. 62. ---We are afraid we can’t finish the task ________a month. ---Take your time, since we are not in a hurry. 63. When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house ________I would be staying. 64. I regret________ (tell) you that you didn’t pass the driving test.
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65. The mother ’s smile shows that she________ (satisfy) with her son’s performance. 第四部分 写作(共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节 句子考察。(共 7 小题。66~69 题,每空 0.5 分;70~72 题,每小题 3 分。满 分 15 分)根据下面各个句子的要求,完成或翻译句子。 66. People believe a balanced diet is good for our mental and physical health. (用 it 做形式 主语改写) ________ ________ ________ _________ a balanced diet is good for our mental and physical health. 67. I didn’t realize she was a famous star until she took off her dark glasses.(改写) It was ________ ________ she took off her dark glasses ________ I realized she was a famous star. 68. This book is the most interesting in the library. (改写) This book is more interesting _________ ________ ________ book in the library. 69. Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach. I ________ _________ (本不应该)eaten so much fried chicken last night. 70. The baby finally stopped crying after his mother came back home. (改为以 only 开头的 倒装句) Only______________________________________________________________ 71. Yesterday we visited St. Paul’s Church, ______________________________. (这所教 堂有 50 年的历史) (用定语从句翻译) _______________________________________________________________ 72. The news surprised all of us. Mary was seriously ill and sent to the hospital. (合并成含 有同位语从句的复合句) _________________________________________________________________ 第二节 单句改错(每小题只有一个错误)。每小题 1 分,满分 10 分。 注意:每个单据均有移除错误。错误仅涉及到一个单词的增加、删除或修改; 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该增加的词; 删除:把多余的词用斜杠(\)划掉; 修改:在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 73. Eating dumplings is one of the most important tradition in Chinese Spring Festival. 74. Wendy developed her hobby of painting at the early age. 75. When scientists have learned a lot about the universe, there is much they still don't know. 76. John gets along well with his classmates and tries her best to help others. 77. The three of us travel around Europe for about a month last summer. 78. It is unnecessary for us discuss this problem any longer.
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79. In some parts of London, missing a bus means wait for another hour. 80. A great number of visitors is attracted by the beautiful scenery of Beijing. 81. Curious is children’s nature and drives them to explore everything. 82. The game which I am playing it is very interesting. 第三节 书面表达(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 【写作内容】 最近你所在的兴趣小组对学生在校的饮食习惯做了一个调查, 调查显示学生的饮 食存在严重的问题,他们不吃早餐或其他正餐,而是选择一些垃圾食品。请根据以下 提示信息写一篇英语短文并发表在你校的英语论坛上。 1. 阐述问题 2. 分析原因(学生喜欢吃垃圾食品、餐厅饭菜种类少等) 3. 提出解决方法 【写作要求】 1.对所给要点适当发挥,不要逐句翻译; 2.词数 100 左右; 3.文章中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 【评分标准】句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 Recently, our group did a survey on the students’ eating habits in our school. _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

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2015-2016 学年高一下 7 校联考英语试题答案
I 听力 1-5. CACAB 6.clock 7. useless 8. watch TV (第 9 题小写或没加 ing 给 0.5 分。) 9.Exercising 10. energy

II. 阅读 第一节 阅读理解 11-13 B C B 第二节 14-17 BADA 18-21 ACDB 22-25 DCDC

26-30 EDBAG

III. 语言知识及应用 第一节 完形填空 31-35: BDCDB
第二节语法填空 51. goes 57.violently 63.where IV 写作 第一节 句子考查 66. It is believed that 67. not until…that… 68. than any other 69. shouldn’t have 70. Only after his mother came back home did the baby finally stop crying. (写出 Only after his mother came back home did the baby…给 2 分;后面酌情给分) 71. which has 50/ fifty years’ history. which has a fifty-year history. which has a history of 50/fifty years. 72. The news that Mary was seriously ill and sent to the hospital surprised all of us. 第二节 单句改错 73. tradition 改为 traditions 74. the 改为 an 75. When 改为 Although/Though/While 76. her 改为 his 77. travel 改为 travelled/traveled
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36-40: DBCAC
52.on 53.beneficial 59.it 65.is satisfied

41-45: ABADC 46-50: ADCBA
54.What 55.himself 61.smoking 56.puzzled 62.within/in

58.the 64.to tell

60.had left

(每空 1 分,单词形式错误不给分)

78. 在 discuss 前添加 to 79. wait 改为 waiting 80. is 改为 are 81. Curious 改为 Curiosity 82. 删除 it 第三节 书面表达: 参考范文: Recently, our group did a survey on the students’ eating habits in our school. It shows that many students aren’t having breakfast or eating other meals throughout the day. Instead they are choosing to eat some junk food, which is a real problem. One reason for this problem is that many students love eating junk food, but don’t know what consequences it can bring to their health. Another reason is that there are only a few types of food in the canteen for students to choose from. To solve this problem, first of all, we can hold lectures or speech contests concerning health eating, which will make students realize the harmfulness of junk food. Besides, the canteen should offer a wide variety of food. Last but not least, we’d better call on parents to help their children form good eating habits. I believe these ways will enable students to keep a healthy diet. 写作评分细则: 1. 要点全面,语法无误,篇章连贯。20---25 分。 2. 要点全面,语法错误较少,但不影响交际,篇章不够连贯。16---20 分。 3. 要点遗漏,语法错误较多,影响交际,篇章缺少连贯。16 分以下,酌情给分。 4. 如果学生能恰当准确使用定语从句,可适当加分;其他情况,酌情给分。 5. 卷面不整洁,书写潦草,扣 2 分。

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