闵行区 2013 学年第一学期高三年级质量调研考试 英语试卷
考生注意： 1. 答卷前，考生务必在答题纸上将学校、姓名及准考证号填写清楚。答题时客观题用 2B 铅笔按要求填涂，主观题用黑色水笔书写。 2. 本试卷分为第 I 卷和第 II 卷，共 12 页。满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 第 I卷 (共103分)
Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. He’s a mechanic. C. He’s a salesman. A. Her son’s health. C. Her son’s poor grades. B. He’s a taxi driver. D. He’s an engineer. B. Her son’s studies. D. Her son’s ability for the job.
A. The man also needs new tennis shoes. B. The man is out of shape. C. The man doesn’t need some new balls. D. The man spent too much on his tennis shoes. A. He is learning about advertising. C. He is interviewing the woman. B. He is the new advertising manager. D. He is waiting for an interview.
A. The man is late for the trip because he is busy. B. The woman is glad to meet Mr. Brown in person. C. The man is meeting the woman in stead of Mr. Brown. D. The woman feels sorry that Mr. Brown is unable to come. A. Alice didn’t seem to be nervous during her speech. B. Alice needs more training in making public speeches. C. The man can hardly understand Alice’s presentation. D. The man didn’t think highly of Alice’s presentation. A. It is typical December weather for this region. B. It won’t snow until December.
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C. There has never been much snow down South. D. Such a large amount of snow is unusual for this month. 8. A. He has too many dreams. C. He doesn’t have many ideas. A. She prefers chemistry. C. She is too tired of chemistry. B. He likes to sleep. D. He doesn’t put his idea into practice. B. She hasn’t got a partner yet. D. She is too busy to work on her chemistry.
10. A. If the game is held there the team will lose. B. If the game is held there the team will win. C. It makes no difference since the team will lose. D. It makes no difference since the team will win. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. The common characteristic of Hollywood films. B. The main character in action films. C. The conflict between two men in the film. D. The most interesting story of Hollywood films. 12. A. The main character is worth believing. B. The main character is interested in fight. C. The main character used to be humble. D. The main character undergoes a change. 13. A. We can learn how bad persons can improve themselves. B. We can learn how to deal with people. C. We can understand life a little better. D. We can find better ways to cope with conflicts. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. The increasing cost of living. B. A shortage of certain goods. C. A not-large-enough income. D. Nothing is left over to put away. 15. A. The workers are getting lower and lower wages. B. The government makes no effort. C. People demand more and better goods. D. There are always shortages of goods. 16. A. It helps merchants to produce more goods.
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B. It helps the workers to earn more money. C. It helps people to make his income meet the cost of living. D. It helps the government to battle the increasing cost of living. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. STOLEN PROPERTY RECORD FORM Name: Address: Stolen Property: Details of the Stolen Property: Complete the form. Janet Wilson (17) A (18) Greenlake Road, Florence, Italy card in the shopping mall
Place: on the (19) Card number: not (20)
Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
What must people do to live in a They must make (21)________ before university house for the next year? May 1st. Where does the woman plan to live She has been next year? (22)_________. thinking of living
What’s the woman’s ideal living A (23)_________ place of her own. condition? What does the man seem to be He seems to be concerned about more concerned about? (24)________.
Complete the form. Write no more than THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero? (25)______ immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characteristics that instruct and inspire people.
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A hero does something worth (26) ______ (talk) about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame. Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high-voltage ( 高电压 ) transformers, heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down (27) ______ ______ it can be used by ordinary people. The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero (28) ______ (experience) life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would-be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? (29) ______ the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, (30) ______ who would claim that their fans find life more abundant? Heroes are catalysts (催化剂) for change. They have a vision from the mountaintop. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India (31) ______ still be part of the British Empire. (32) ______ may be possible for large-scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless. (B) When young people get their real jobs, they may face a lot of new, confusing situation. They may find that everything is different from the way things (33) ______ (be) at school. It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable in both professional and social situations. Eventually, they realize that university classes can’t be the only preparation for all of the different situations (34) ______ appear in the working world. Perhaps the best way (35) ______ (learn) how to behave in the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior. In doing so, you’ll be able to see what it is (36) ______ you admire in this person. For example, you will observe how he acts when he is in trouble. Perhaps even (37) ______ (important), you will be able to see what his approach to everyday situations (38) ______ (be). While you are observing your colleague, you should be asking yourself whether his behavior is like (39) ______ and how you can learn from his response to different situations. By (40) ______ (learn) from a model, you will probably begin to identify and learn good working habits.
Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.
A. revealed B. counts E. virtually F. extent I. extends J. monitor In the time that records have been kept
C. responsible D. release G. annually H. extinct realized ofK. bird populations, 20 percent of all species have
gone 41 . More are likely to follow. In March the 42 of a large-scale, 24-year survey gave one of the clearest pictures yet of the decline of Australian and Asian shorebirds, including the long-distance migrants (候鸟) that are most difficult to 43 . The results of the survey are awful. Every October for more than two decades, teams from the University of New South Wales in
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Australia counted birds from an airplane flown low over 130,000 square miles of wetlands in the eastern third of the continent. Their 44 showed a steady decline, beginning in the mid-1980s. By 2006 the number of migratory shorebirds had dropped by 73 percent and the number of Australia’s resident of shorebirds had fallen by 81 percent. “The 45 of the decline took us by surprise,” says evolutionary ecologist Silke Nebel of the University of Western Ontario in London, the lead author of the report. The survey 46 that inland wetlands were more important to both resident and migratory birds than had been 47 , and that wetland loss from damming (筑坝) and the diversion (分散) of river water for irrigation was at least in part 48 for the shorebird decline in Australia. But wetlands are becoming smaller in countries all along the major flyway that 49 from eastern Siberia to New Zealand, the study’s authors note, so protecting the 8 million birds that use the corridor 50 will require an international solution. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The motor vehicle has killed and disabled more people in its brief history than any bomb or weapon ever invented. Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre (大屠杀) on the road may be regarded as a(n) 51 problem. In fact, the enemies of society on wheels are rather harmless people, just ordinary people acting 52 , you might say. But it is a 53 both of law and common morality that carelessness is no excuse when one’s actions could bring death or damage to others. A minority of the 54 go even beyond carelessness to total irresponsibility. Researchers have estimated that as many as 80 percent of all automobile accidents can be attributed to (归因于) the 55 condition of the driver. Emotional upsets can affect drivers’ reactions, slow their judgment, and blind them to dangers that might otherwise be 56 . The experts warn that it is 57 for every driver to make a conscious effort to keep one’s emotions under control. Yet drivers are not the only ones to blame for the irresponsibility that accounts for much of the problem. Street walkers 58 break traffic regulations, they are at fault in most vehicle walker accidents; and many cyclists even 59 that they are not subject to the basic rules of the road. Significant legal advances have been made towards safer driving in the past few years. Safety 60 for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. 61 , speed limits have been lowered. Due to these 62 , the accident rate has decreased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave. The only real and lasting 63 , say the experts, is to convince people that driving is a skilled task. It 64 constant care and concentration. Those who fail to do all these things present a(n) 65 to those with whom they share the road. 51. A. social 52. A. strangely B. practical B. fearlessly
C. emotional C. carelessly
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D. legal D. selfishly
53. A. priority 54. A. survivors 55. A. psychological 56. A. impossible 57. A. abstract 58. A. accidentally 59. A. accuse 60. A. records 61. A. As a result C. In addition 62. A. measures 63. A. effect 64. A. calls for 65. A. result
B. principle B. victims B. current B. evident B. difficult B. consequently B. object B. standards
B. rights B. solution B. aims at B. argument
C. process C. suspects C. original C. avoidable C. unusual C. regularly C. acknowledge C. proposals B. No wonder D. On the other hand C. experts C. change C. takes on C. threat
D. system D. killers D. different D. serious D. vital D. rarely D. believe D. belts
D. warnings D. achievement D. turns to D. information
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) (You may read the questions first.)
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66. In the Lifestyle section, you may not find ____________. A. journals of travels B. well-taken photographs C. stories of Leonard Maltin D. opinions on restaurants 67. Which of the following is TRUE about Campus Link? A. It offers readers bread and butter. B. It welcomes research developments and breakthroughs. C. It helps you to recognize your schoolmates and teachers. D. It is a source of inspiration for the community. 68. The poster aims to __________. A. declare the rights of Campus Link B. introduce someone worthy of feature C. share views and articles among teachers D. encourage contributions for the next issue (B) As the new semester begins, millions of college students across the country are trying hard to remember how best to write a paper or, more likely, how best to delay that paper. Procrastination is the thief of time and a lot of students suffer from it. They can spend whole days in the library doing nothing but staring into space, eating snacks, surfing the Internet, watching videos and looking at other students sitting around them, who, most likely, are doing nothing either. Paralyzed (使失去活力) by their habit to procrastinate, they write micro blogs about their fears, asking their online friends if they sometimes have the same issue. But this does nothing to break the spell (魔咒). According to a recent report, 95 percent of us procrastinate at some point and 20 percent of the world’s population are always procrastinating. The figures are disappointing. Procrastinators are less wealthy, less healthy and less happy than those who don’t delay. Procrastinators like to find excuses to justify their behavior, but BBC columnist Rowan Pelling says they are all wrong. Many procrastinators tell themselves they are perfectionists who work best under pressure. Pelling says this is nonsense, as work done at the last minute is more likely to have mistakes than work done on time. The behavior of procrastinators often makes them feel ashamed, inconveniences others and annoys loved ones. Pelling also points out that procrastination feels particularly delinquent (过失的）in a society that thinks of speedy action as admirable, and, at times, even as a moral good. Fortunately, social scientists have thrown their weight behind efforts to understand this behavioral mistake and offer strategies to control it. Piers Steel, a Canadian social scientist and author of The Procrastination Equation, believes human is “designed” to procrastinate.
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Nevertheless, he suggests a couple of good ways to get through the task at hand. 69. From the first two paragraphs we can learn that _________. A. procrastination is beneficial to many students B. many students are under great pressure in their study C. lots of college students work hard to write good essays on time D. many students have the habit of delaying finishing their tasks 70. Which behavior belongs to procrastination? A. Never dream away the time. B. Always complete the tasks ahead of time. C. Never put off till tomorrow what should be done today. D. Always wait to work until the “good mood” or “good time”. 71. According to the passage, which of the following statements is not true? A. Procrastination makes people waste their time. B. Procrastinators usually complete their tasks perfectly. C. Speedy action is considered as a moral standard in the society. D. Procrastination is common among people. 72. What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows? A. Measures to deal with procrastination. B. Approaches to handling the study pressures. C. More examples to illustrate procrastination. D. Introduction to the book The Procrastination Equation. (C) It was 3:45 in the morning when the vote was finally taken. After six months of arguing and final 16 hours of hot parliamentary debates, Australia’s Northern Territory became the first legal authority in the world to allow doctors to take the lives of incurably ill patients who wish to die. The measure passed by the convincing vote of 15 to 10. Almost immediately word flashed on the Internet and was picked up, half a world away, by John Hofsess, executive director of the Right to Die Society of Canada. He sent it on by way of the group’s online service, Death NET. Says Hofsess: “We posted bulletins all day long, because of course this isn’t just something that happened in Australia. It’s world history.” The full import may take a while to sink in. The NT Rights of the Terminally Ill Law has left physicians and citizens alike trying to deal with its moral and practical implications. Some have breathed sighs of relief, others, including churches, right-to-life groups and the Australian Medical Association, bitterly attacked the bill and the hurry of its passage. But the tide is unlikely to turn back. In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia (安乐死). In the US and Canada, where the right-to-die movement is gathering strength, observers are waiting for the dominoes (多米诺骨牌) to start falling. Under the new Northern Territory law, an adult patient can request death — probably by a deadly injection or pill — to put an end to suffering. The patient must be diagnosed (诊断) as Terminally Ill by two doctors. After a “cooling off” period of seven days, the patient can sign a certificate of request. After 48 hours the wish for death can be met. For Lloyd Nickson, a 54-yearold Darwin resident suffering from lung cancer, the NT Rights of Terminally Ill Law means he can
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get on with living without the haunting fear of his suffering: a terrifying death from his breathing condition. “I’m not afraid of dying from a spiritual point of view, but what I was afraid of was how I’d go, because I’ve watched people die in the hospital fighting for oxygen and clawing at their masks,” he says. 73. Which of the following has the similar meaning to “But the tide is unlikely to turn back.”? A. What happened in Australia can change world history. B. It is impossible to pass the NT Rights of the Terminally Ill Law. C. Doctors are allowed by law to take the lives of the ill patients. D. That the Law has been passed probably can’t be changed. 74. From the second paragraph we learn that __________. A. the objection to euthanasia is slow to come in other countries B. physicians and citizens share the same view on euthanasia C. changing technology is chiefly responsible for the hurry passage of the law D. it takes time to realize the significance of the law’s passage 75. By saying “observers are waiting for the dominoes to start falling”, the author means __________. A. observers are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the future of euthanasia B. similar bills are likely to be passed in the U.S., Canada and other countries C. observers are waiting to see the result of the game of dominoes D. the effect-taking process of the passed bill may finally come to a stop 76. When Lloyd Nickson dies, he will __________. A. face his death with calm characteristic of euthanasia B. experience the suffering of a lung cancer patient C. have an intense fear of terrible suffering D. undergo a cooling off period of seven days 77. The author ’s attitude towards euthanasia seems to be that of __________. A. opposition B. doubt C. approval D. anxiety Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Businesses are witnessing a difficult time, which has in turn produced influence on consumers’ desire to go green. However, shoppers are still laying stress on environmental concerns. Two thirds of customers say that environmental considerations inform their purchases to the same degree as they did a year ago, while more than a quarter say that they are now even better aware of the environmental effect on what they buy. This may help to influence how shops store goods on their shelves. And the companies should still make efforts to become more environmentally friendly. Two out of three people think it is important to buy from environmentally responsible companies, with about one in seven saying that they had even decided to take their custom elsewhere if they felt a company’s environmental reputation was not good enough. Harry Morrison, chief executive of the Carbon Trust, sympathizes ： “I understand this
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situation where survival is very important now. But from environmental considerations, the clock is ticking—we don’t have much time. In addition, cutting carbon emission ( 排放 ) has an immediate effect as costs drop and a medium-term benefit for the brand.” Larger companies have an extra motivation to look at reducing their carbon footprint, as new rules next year will require businesses to buy carbon allowances to make up for their emissions. Those that have taken early action will have a head start. More than two thirds of consumers are not clear about which companies are environmentally responsible. This suggests that firms that are able to convey clearly their message to the public will be in a pole position to attract shoppers. The Carbon Trust believes that it can help by informing customers about the good work companies are doing. “When companies are granted the standard, they can use a logo in all their marketing, which makes it clear that they are working towards cutting emissions,” Mr. Morrison said. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 12 WORDS.) 78. 79. 80. 81. According to the passage, what is likely to influence shops on what to sell? A company may lose its regular customers unless ______________________. According to Harry Morrison, businesses will benefit from __________________. According to the last two paragraphs, companies can gain advantages by ____________.
第 II 卷
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I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 82. 越来越多的年轻人花在网上浏览的时间比看书还多。(spend) 83. 在生物实验室，教授重点介绍了一些实验可用的材料。(available) 84. 参加各类体育活动有利于中学生的健康成长。(participate) 85. 只有当你放弃所有消极的想法时，你才会感受到生活带给你的幸福。(Only...) 86. 无论你生活在哪个国家，这些国家的风俗有多么不同，友好和乐于助人总是礼貌的一部 分。(Whatever…) II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假如你是启明中学（Ming Qi Middle School）的李明，想申请成为“爱共线”的暑期志 愿者。根据以下启事，写一封申请信（信中不能提到真实姓名和学校） 。
志 愿 者 招 募
爱共线是由民间发起的爱心公益组织，主要致力于贫困地区儿童相关的援助项目。 我们期待你的加入！ 岗位 1：网页编辑（webpage editor） 岗位 2：影像制作（cameraman） 岗位 3：论坛管理员（forum administrator）
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岗位 4：活动组织（event organizer）
闵行区 2013 学年第一学期高三年级质量调研考试英语试卷 参考答案 第I卷 一、参考答案 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 11. A 12. D 13. C 14. A 17. 1275 18. credit 21. the (their) dormitory deposit 25. Despite 26.talking 29. If 30. but 33. were 34. that / which 37. more important 38.is / will be 41. H 42. D 43. J 44. B 51. A 52. C 53. B 54. D 61. C 62. A 63. B 64. A 71. B 72. A 73. D 74. D C 6. A 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. C C 16. C 19. counter 20. given / provided/ remembered 22. off campus 23. peaceful and quiet 24. money 27. so that 28. experience 31. might / would 32. It 35. to learn 36. that 39. yours 40. learning 45. F 46. A 47. K 48. C 49. I 50. G 55. A 56. B 57. D 58. C 59. D 60. B 65. C 66. C 67. B 68. D 69. D 70. D 75. B 76. A 77. C 5. 15.
78. Customers’ environmental concerns / Customers’ awareness of environmental considerations and effects 79. it is environmentally responsible / it enjoys environmental reputation 80. cutting carbon emission 81. informing customers about what they are doing towards cutting emissions / taking actions to cut emission and informing customers about it 二、评分标准 1、第 1~10 题；17~65 题每题 1 分。第 11~16 题：66~81 题每题 2 分。 2、第 78~81 题答案仅供阅卷参考。考生如有其它符合题意的表达法，且无语法错误可得分。 第 II 卷 一、参考答案 （一）中译英 82. More and more young people spend more time in surfing online than reading. 83. In the biology laboratory, the professor highlighted (focused on) the materials available for the experiment. 84. Participating in all kinds of physical (sports) activities benefits healthy growth of middle
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school students. 85. Only when you let go of all the negative thoughts can you feel the happiness life brings to you. 86. Whatever countries you live in and however different their customs are, kindness and readiness to help others are always parts of good manners (courtesy). （二）写作 略 二、评分标准 （一）中译英 1、第 82~84 题每题 4 分；第 85~86 每题 5 分。 2、每题中，单词拼写、标点符号、大小写错误累计每两处扣 1 分。 3、严重的语法错误每处扣 1 分。 4、未使用提示词扣一分。 5、所给答案仅供参考，考生如有其它符合题意的表达法，且无语法错误可得分。 （二）写作 1、本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次 的要求来衡量， 确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下 文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 4、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写汉词汇用法均可接受。 5、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 6、内容要点可用不同方式表达，对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。 闵行区 2013 学年第一学期高三年级质量调研考试英语试卷录音文字材料 现在是闵行区 2013 学年第一学期高三年级质量调研考试英语试卷听力考试时间。先试音。 请听一段音乐，时间约半分钟。试音结束，听力考试现在开始。 Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. W: Hello, this is Mary Connors. May I speak with my husband, please? M: He has just gone out with a customer to show him a new car. Q: What type of work does Mr. Connors most probably do? M: Mum, I got a part-time job at the supermarket. Three hours a day weekdays and all day Saturday.
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W: Congratulations! But are you sure you can handle it? What about homework? Q: What’s the woman worried about? 3. M: Before we play again, I’m going to buy some new tennis balls. W: Your shoes aren’t in very good shape, either. Q: What does the woman imply? M: Good afternoon. I’m Mr. Jackson. I answered your ad. for an experienced advertising executive. W: Oh, yes, Mr. Jackson. Won’t you have a seat? The manager will see you shortly. Q: What do we learn about Mr. Jackson? M: Mr. Brown asked me to tell you that he’s sorry he can’t come to meet you in person. He’s really too busy to make the trip. W: That’s okay. I’m glad you’ve come in his place. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? W: Did you attend Alice’s presentation last night? It was the first time for her to give a speech to a large audience. M: How she could be so calm in front of so many people is really beyond me! Q: What do we learn from the conversation? M: The snow is really coming down, isn’t it? W: Rarely do we get so much snow in December. Q: What does the woman mean? M: You call Henry a dreamer, but I think he’s got a lot of good ideas. W: Good ideas are only useful if you make something out of them. Q: Why does the woman think that Henry is a dreamer? M: Have you found a partner to work with on biology? The lab class is tomorrow. W: To tell you the truth, I’ve been tied up with (busy with) my chemistry course this week. Q: What can be inferred about the woman?
10. M: Is the next game going to be held at our stadium or theirs? W: Do you really think it will make much of a difference with a losing record like ours? Q: What does the woman imply?
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage.
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Hollywood produces many different kinds of films, including mysteries, musicals, love stories, and horror films. Different as these films may be, they generally have one thing in common—conflict. The main character wants something very badly and will do anything to get it. The opponent tries to stop the main character from achieving his goal. This opposition creates conflict, and conflict is the heart of drama. To give an example, lets say the main character is a young man of humble origin who wants to marry the beautiful daughter of a rich banker. The father thinks the young man is unworthy of his daughter, and he does not allow her to see him. The young man, who is very much in love, refuses to give up without a fight. The conflict between the young man and the girl’s father is what makes the story interesting; it forces the main character to take action, and through their actions we see them as they really are. In a good story, the main character changes—he is not the same at the end of the story as he was at the beginning. He learns something from his experiences that makes him a different, perhaps better person. And we learn something from watching him. Good movies not only entertain us, they also help us understand a little more about life. (Listen again, please.) Questions 11. What does the passage mainly talk about? 12. What usually happens to the main character in a good story? 13. What can we learn from good movies?
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. Many families in the United States have a larger income now than ever before, but people are finding it difficult to make ends meet anyway. Why isn’t a dollar worth as much as it used to be? Economists say that the cost of living is the money that a family must pay for the necessities of life such as food, housing or rent, clothes, and medical expenses. For many years now, the cost of living has increased greatly, so the value of the dollar has decreased. When a dollar has a low value, you cannot buy as many things with it. No one fully understands why the cost of living keeps increasing, but economists believe that workers and producers can make prices go up. As workers earn more money, they have more money to spend, so they demand more goods. If there is a great demand for certain goods, the prices of these goods go up. At the same time, if there’s a shortage of goods, the prices also go up. Families need to know what happens to their money. They need to make their income meet the cost of living, so many people plan a family budget. A budget is a list of monthly expenses. If your expenses add up to more than your income, you must find ways to save money. Budgeting helps you spend your money wisely as the cost of living increases. (Listen again, please.) Questions: 14. What has troubled many families in the United States? 15. Why does the cost of living keep increasing? 16. What does budgeting do for people? Section C
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Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: Hello. Fourth Street Police Station. Can I help you？ W: Yes. I’m calling to report a missing credit card. M: What’s the card number, miss? W: Oh, I don’t remember. M: What’s your name and address? W: Janet Wilson. W-I-L-S-O-N, 1275 Greenlake Road, Florence, Italy. M: I see. Janet Wilson, 1275 Greenlake Road, Florence, Italy. You are not an American citizen, are you? W: No, I’m an Italian. Does that matter? M: Oh, no, no. Did you say your card was lost or stolen? W: Stolen. I left my purse on the counter in the shopping mall while I went to the fitting room to try the dress on. M: When did you discover it was stolen? W: I didn’t discover until I went to pay. Do you think there is anything you could do? Someone may be charging things to my credit this very minute. M: You don’t need to worry, Miss Wilson. Once we get your card number, your card won’t work all over the world within 30 seconds simply by informing the terminal. W: Oh, I’m so relieved to hear that. Thank you very much. M: That’s all right. (Listen again, please.) Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: You should have seen the line at the housing office. It took me an hour to make my dormitory deposit for next year. Have you made yours yet? W: No, I’m not sure I’m going to. M: There’s not much time left. The deadline’s May 1st. Are you short of cash? W: No, I’m ok. M: You’d better hurry up if you want a dormitory room next September. There aren’t enough rooms for every one, and first year students have priority. W: Well, I’ve been thinking about living off campus. M: Have you any idea of how much that would cost? There is the rent, utilities, and you’d probably need a car. W: I know it would be more expensive. I think I can handle it though. The dormitory is just so noisy that I can’t get anything done. Maybe my grades would be better if I had some peace and quiet in a place of my own. M: You should study in the library the way I do. Think of the money you’d save. W: I’ve got to think it over some more. There’s still two weeks left in April. (Listen again, please.)
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