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Passage 1 If you want to teach your children how to say sorry, you must be good at saying it yourself, especially to your own children. But how you say it can be quite tricky. If you say to y

our children “I’ sorry I got angry with you, but ?” what follows that “but” can render m the apology ineffective: “I had a bad day” or “your noise was giving me a headache ” leaves the person who has been injured feeling that he should be apologizing for his bad behavior in expecting an apology. Another method by which people appear to apologize without actually doing so is to say “I’m sorry you’ re upset”; this suggests that you are somehow at fault for allowing yourself to get upset by what the other person has done. Then there is the general, all covering apology, which avoids the necessity of identifying a specific act that was particularly hurtful or insulting, and which the person who is apologizing should promise never to do again. Saying “I’m useless as a parent‖ does not commit a person to any specific improvement. These pseudo-apologies are used by people who believe saying sorry shows weakness. Parents who wish to teach their children to apologize should see it as a sign of strength, and therefore not resort to these pseudo-apologies. But even when presented with examples of genuine contrition, children still need help to become aware of the complexities of saying sorry. A three-year-old might need help in understanding that other children feel pain just as he does, and that hitting a playmate over the head with a heavy toy requires an apology. A six-year-old might need reminding that spoiling other children‘s expectations can require an apology. A 12-year-old might need to be shown that raiding the biscuit tin without asking permission is acceptable, but that borrowing a parent‘s clothes without permission is not. 1. If a mother adds “but” to an apology, _______. A) she doesn’t feel that she should have apologized B) she does not realize that the child has been hurt C) the child may find the apology easier to accept D) the child may feel that he owes her an apology 2. According to the author, saying “I’m sorry you’re upset” most probably means “_______”. A) You have good reason to get upset B) I’m aware you’re upset, but I’m not to blame C) I apologize for hurting your feelings D) I’m at fault for making you upset 3. It is not advisable to use the general, all-covering apology because _______. A) it gets one into the habit of making empty promises B) it may make the other person feel guilty C) it is vague and ineffective D) it is hurtful and insulting 4. We learn from the last paragraph that in teaching children to say sorry _______. A) the complexities involved should be ignored B) their ages should be taken into account C) parents need to set them a good example D) parents should be patient and tolerant 5. It can be inferred from the passage that apologizing properly is _______. A) a social issue calling for immediate attention B) not necessary among family members C) a sign of social progress D) not as simple as it seems 1-5 D B C B D Passage2

Lead deposits, which accumulated in soil and snow during the 1960‘s and 70‘s, were primarily the result of leaded gasoline emissions originating in the United States. In the twenty years that the Clean Air Act has mandated unleaded gas use in the United States, the lead accumulation world-wide has decreased significantly. A study published recently in the journal Nature shows that air-borne leaded gas emissions from the United States were the leading contributor to the high concentration of lead in the snow in Greenland. The new study is a result of the continued research led by Dr. Charles Boutron, an expert on the impact of heavy metals on the environment at the National Center for Scientific Research in France. A study by Dr. Boutron published in 1991 showed that lead levels in arctic (北极的) snow were declining. In his new study, Dr. Boutron found the ratios of the different forms of lead in the leaded gasoline used in the United States were different from the ratios of European, Asian and Canadian gasoline and thus enabled scientists to differentiate (分区) the lead sources. The dominant lead ratio found in Greenland snow matched that found in gasoline from the United States. In a study published in the journal Ambio, scientists found that lead levels in soil in the North-eastern United States had decreased markedly since the introduction of unleaded gasoline. Many scientists had believed that the lead would stay in soil and snow for a longer period. The authors of the Ambio study examined samples of the upper layers of soil taken from the same sites of 30 forest floors in New England, New York and Pennsylvania in 1980 and in 1990. The forest environment processed and redistributed the lead faster than the scientists had expected. Scientists say both studies demonstrate that certain parts of the ecosystem (生态系统 ) respond rapidly to reductions in atmospheric pollution, but that these findings should not be used as a license to pollute. 1. The study published in the journal Nature indicates that ________. A) the Clean Air Act has not produced the desired results B) lead deposits in arctic snow are on the increase C) lead will stay in soil and snow longer than expected D) the US is the major source of lead pollution in arctic snow 2. Lead accumulation worldwide decreased significantly after the use of unleaded gas in the US ________. A) was discouraged C) was prohibited by law B) was enforced by law D) was introduced 3. How did scientists discover the source of lead pollution in Greenland? A) By analyzing the data published in journals like Nature and Ambio. B) By observing the lead accumulations in different parts of the arctic area. C) By studying the chemical elements of soil and snow in Northeastern America. D) By comparing the chemical compositions of leaded gasoline used in various countries. 4. The authors of the Ambio study have found that ________. A) forests get rid of lead pollution faster than expected B) lead accumulations in forests are more difficult to deal with C) lead deposits are widely distributed in the forests of the US D) the upper layers of soil in forests are easily polluted by lead emissions 5. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that scientists ________. A) are puzzled by the mystery of forest pollution B) feel relieved by the use of unleaded gasoline C) still consider lead pollution a problem D) lack sufficient means to combat lead pollution



Passage 3

In my long life I have seen many changes in our habits and customs and conditions in general. I think that you might be interested if I told you some of them. The world I entered at the age of 18 when I became a medical student was a world that knew nothing of such advanced things as planes, films, radios or telephones. It was a very cheap world. Prices were stable. When I

entered St. Thomas‘ Hospital I rent a set of rooms in Vincent Square for which I paid 18 shillings a week. My landlady provided me with a very good breakfast before I went to the hospital and a dinner when I came back at half past six. I only had to pay for the breakfasts and dinners twelve shillings a week. For four-pence I lunched at St. Thomas‘ on bread and butter and a glass of milk. I was able to live very well, pay my fees, buy my necessary instruments, clothe myself, and have a lot of fun on fourteen pounds a month. And I could always pawn(当掉) my microscope for three pounds. I spent five years at St. Thomas‘ Hospital. I was a bad student, for my heart, as you might have guessed, was not in it. I wanted, I had always wanted, to be a writer, and in the evenings, after my dinner, I wrote and read. Before long, I wrote a novel called ―Liza of Lambeth‖, which I sent to a publisher and was accepted. It came out during my last year at the hospital and it was successful. It was of course an accident, but I did not know that. I felt I could afford to give up medicine and make writing my profession; so, three days after I graduated from the school of medicine, I left for Spain to write another book. I did not realize, at that time, that I was taking a great risk. 1. This text is a talk given by the writer when ______________. A. he was 18 B. his first novel was published C. he graduated from the school of medicine D. he was at an advanced age 2. The writer graduated from the school of medicine when he was __________. A. 18 B. 28 C. 23 D. 30 3. ―And I could always pawn my microscope for three pounds.‖ Means the writer could always ________. A. exchange his microscope for three pounds B. borrow his microscope and pays three pounds C. have his microscope repaired with three pounds D. lend his microscope for three pounds 4. In this sentence ―I was able to live very well, pay my fees, buy my necessary instruments, clothe myself, and have a lot of fun on fourteen pounds a month‖, the word ―clothe‖ means _________. A. wear clothes B. make clothes for C. wash clothes for D. buy clothes for 5. The writer wanted to be a writer because ____________. A. he liked to take risks B. he found it easier to make a living by writing C. he was interested in writing D. he could not study medicine well


Passage 4

Students can travel in the United States without spending too much money if they follow these suggestions. A travel agent can give you information on special economy fares for trains, buses and planes. Think about hiking or biking for a part of your trip, too. You‘ll not only save money, but you‘ll also see a lot more of the country. Some students may want to travel by car. Be sure to think about going with other students — many colleges have ―ride boards‖ that list when and where other students plan to travel. Many radio stations provide the same sort of service — they announce who‘s driving where, when, how many riders they will take and what the expenses will be. There are many inexpensive, older hotels near bus or train stations. Check your travel guide for names of the best. Many parts of the country also have youth hostels where young people can stay for only a few dollars a night. You don‘t have to eat in restaurants all the time, but we don‘t recommend a diet of candy and cola, either. You can usually get a healthy, cheap breakfast in a restaurant. If the weather is warm, you can buy food in supermarkets or at roadside stands and have a picnic for lunch. For dinner you can get the names of good, cheap restaurants from travel guides or friends. 1. The passage tells students ________. A. how to make travel plans B. how to get help while traveling

C. how to use less money while traveling D. how to choose hotels 2. To see more of the country, you‘d better travel ________. A. by plane B. by bus C. by train D. by bike 3. If you want to share rides with others, you can get information ________. A. on the blackboards in classrooms B. from school administrators C. through certain radio programs D. from travel agents 4. According to the passage, staying at youth hostels is ________. A. cheap B. convenient C. comfortable D. enjoyable 5. To save money, you can ________. A. have more candy and cola C. take some food with you

B. invite your friends for a picnic D. eat in restaurants all the time


Passage 5

I don‘t often lose things and I‘m especially careful with money, so I was quite surprised when I reached for my wallet and it wasn‘t there. At first, I thought it was possible that I could have left it at home. Then I remembered taking it out to pay for the taxi, so I knew I had it with me just before I walked into the restaurant. I wondered if it was possible that it could have slipped out of my pocket while I was eating dinner. Thinking about that possibility, I turned and walked back to the table where I had been sitting. Unfortunately, there were several people sitting at the table at the time, so I called a waiter and explained to him that my wallet had fallen out of my pocket while I was sitting at the table a few minutes earlier. I had the waiter go over to the table to see if my wallet was on the floor. While the waiter was looking for it, the manager of the restaurant came up to me and asked me if anything was wrong. I didn‘t want to get a lot of people involved in the problem, but I knew I had to get the wallet back. I told the manager what had happened. He had me describe the wallet to him, and then he insisted that I report the missing wallet to the police. I told him that I didn‘t particularly want to get the police involved in it; besides, I was in a hurry because I had an appointment with my doctor in just a few minutes. I explained to him that my biggest worry at the moment was how I was going to pay the check. He told me not to worry about that. He had me write down my name and address, and he said he would send me a bill. 1. Why was the writer so sure he had brought his wallet with him? A. He remembered that he didn‘t leave it at home. B. He always felt his pocket for the wallet before he left home. C. He believed his own memory. D. He had taken it out to pay the taxi-driver. 2. According to the passage, the writer most probably lost his wallet when _____. A. he took it out to pay for the taxi B. he walked into the restaurant C. he was eating dinner D. he was ordering his dish 3. Why did the writer walk back to the table where he had been sitting? A. He was sure his wallet was still there. B. It was possible that he could find his wallet there. C. He could ask someone there about his wallet. D. He saw the wallet lying on the floor near the table. 4. As the writer didn‘t want to get a lot of people involved in the problem, _____. A. he only told the manager what had happened B. he didn‘t tell the manage anything C. he reported to the police immediately

D. he only told the story to the manager and the waiter 5. Why did the manager tell the writer not to worry about paying the check? A. He was going to report the incident to the police. B. He could pay the doctor for the writer. C. He would send the writer a bill later for his meal. D. He was sure the missing wallet would soon be recovered.




Cathy and Wayne are in their late 20‘s, have been married five years, and are childless. The last time a member of Cathy‘s family asked, ―When are you going to start a family?‖ her answer was, ―We‘re a family!‖ Cathy and Wayne belong to a growing number of young married couples who are deciding not to have children. A recent survey showed that in the last five years the percentage of wives aged 25 to 29 who did not want children had almost doubled. What lies behind this decision which seems to fly in the face of biology and society? Perhaps the most publicly outspoken childless couple are Ellen Peck and her husband William. They are not against parenthood but against the social pressures that push people into parenthood whether it is what they really want or not. “It’ a life-style choice,” Ellen says. “We chose freedom and spontaneity (自发性), privacy (清静) and leisure. s It’ also a question of where you want to give your efforts — within your own family or in the larger community. s This generation faces serious questions about the continuity of life on earth as well as its quality. Our grandchildren may have to buy tickets to see the last redwoods (红杉) or line up to get their oxygen ration (氧气 量). There are men who complain about being caught in a traffic jam for hours on their way home to their five kids but can‘t make the association between the children and the traffic jam. In a world seriously threatened by the consequences of overpopulation we‘re concerned with making life without children acceptable and respectable. Too many children are born as a result of cultural pressure. And the results show up in the statistics on divorce and child-abuse.‖ 1. What does the member of Cathy‘s family mean by saying ―When are you going to start a family?‖ A. When are you going to have children? B. When are you going to get married? C. When are you going to buy a house? D. When are you going to move to a new house? 2. The number of childless young couples_____ A. is decreasing B. is increasing C. has more than doubled D. remains unchanged 3. ―To fly in the face of‖ in the second paragraph means _____ A. to run into B. to come across C. to follow D. to go against 4. Which of the following statements is true of the Pecks? A. They propose that young couples have no children. B. They urge that family planning be made obligatory. C. They think that no pressure should be put on young couples who do not want children. D. They think that there would be no divorce or child-abuse if young couples are not pressured into parenthood. 5. Which of the following is NOT a consequence of overpopulation mentioned in this passage? A. Traffic jam. B. The using up of precious natural resources. C. The lowering of the quality of life. D. War.

1-5 .A B D C D Passage 7

In times of economic crisis. Americans turn to their families for support. If the Great Depression is any guide, we may see a drop in our skyhigh divorce rate. But this won‘t necessarily represent. an increase in happy marriages. In the long run, the Depression weakened American families, and the current crisis will probably do the same. We tend to think of the Depression as a time when families pulled together to survive huge job losses, By 1932. when nearly one-quarter of the workforce was unemployed, the divorce rate had declined by around 25% from 1929 But this doesn‘t mean people were suddenly happier with their marriages. Rather, with incomes decreasing and insecure jobs, unhappy couples often couldn‘t afford to divorce. They feared neither spouse could manage alone. Today, given the job losses of the past year, fewer unhappy couples will risk starting separate households, Furthermore, the housing market meltdown will make it more difficult for them to finance their separations by selling their homes. After financial disasters family members also tend to do whatever they can to help each other and their communities, A 1940 book. The Unemployed Man and His Family, described a family in which the husband initially reacted to losing his job ―with tireless search for work.‖He was always active, looking for odd jobs to do. The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain Across the country, many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale(士气). For some, the hardships of life without steady work eventually overwhelmed their attempts to keep their families together. The divorce rate rose again during the rest of the decade as the recovery took hold. Millions of American families may now be in the initial stage of their responses to the current crisis, working together and supporting one another through the early months of unemployment. Today’s economic crisis could well generate a similar number of couples whose relationships have been irreparably(无法弥补地)ruined. So it’s only when the economy is healthy again that we’ll begin to see just how many broken families have been created. 1.In the initial stage, the current economic crisis is likely to __________. A)tear many troubled families apart B)contribute to enduring family ties C)bring about a drop in the divorce rate D)cause a lot of conflicts in the family 2.In the Great Depression many unhappy couples close to stick together because A)starting a new family would be hard B)they expected things would turn better C)they wanted to better protect their kids D)living separately would be too costly 3.In addition to job losses. What stands in the way of unhappy couples getting a divorce? A)Mounting family debts B)A sense of insecurity C)Difficulty in getting a loan D)Falling housing prices 4.What will the current economic crisis eventually do to some married couples? A)It will force them to pull their efforts together B)It will undermine their mutual understanding C)It will help strengthen their emotional bonds D)It will irreparably damage their relationship 5.What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A)The economic recovery will see a higher divorce rate B)Few couples can stand the test of economic hardships C)A stable family is the best protection against poverty. D)Money is the foundation of many a happy marriage


BCDCD Passage 8

People are being lured (引诱)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up toads of personal information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages. Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Face book because people don’t really know what their personal data is worth. The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules Early on you keep everything private. That was the great thing about facebook you could create own little private network. Last year. The company changed its privacy rules so that many things you city. Your photo, your friends’ names-were set, by default (默认)to be shared with every one on the Internet. According to Facebook’s vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information They have a “less satisfying experience”. Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. In original business model, which involved selling ads and putting then At the side of the pages totally Who wants to took at ads when they’ re online connecting with their friends? The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April. Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also urged the Federal Trade Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites.“I think the senator rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,‖ Schrage admits. I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it’s only the beginning. Which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤销)my account. Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don‘t That‘s too high a price to pay. 1.What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph? A)It is a website that sends messages to targeted users. B)It makes money by putting on advertisements. C)It profits by selling its users’ personal data. D)It provides loads of information to its users. 2.What does the author say about most Facebook users? A)They are reluctant to give up their personal information. B)They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook. C)They don’t identify themselves when using the website. D)They care very little about their personal information. 3.Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage? A)To render better service to its users. B)To conform to the Federal guidelines. C)To improve its users’ connectivity. D)To expand its scope of business. 4.Why does Senator Charles Schumer advocate? A)Setting guidelines for advertising on websites. B)Banning the sharing of users’ personal information. C)Formulating regulations for social-networking sites. D)Removing ads from all social-networking sites. 5.Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account? A)He is dissatisfied with its current service. B)He finds many of its users untrustworthy. C)He doesn’t want his personal data abused.

D)He is upset by its frequent rule changes. 1-5 DCCBC


Earthquakes may rightly be ranked as one of the most devastating forces known to man: since records began to be written down, it has been estimated that earthquake-related fatalities have numbered in millions, and that earthquake-related destruction has been beyond calculation. The greater part of such damage and loss of life has been due to collapse of buildings and the effects of rockslides, floods, fire, disease, sea waves, and other phenomena resulting from earthquakes, rather than from the quakes themselves. The great majority of all earthquakes occur in two specific geographic areas. One such area encompasses (包围) Pacific Ocean and its contiguous land masses. The other extends from the East Indies to the Atlas Mountains, including the Himalayas, Iran, Turkey, and the Alpine regions. It is in these two great belts or zones that ninety percent of all earthquakes take place; they may, however, happen anywhere at any time. This element of the unknown has for centuries added greatly to the dread and horror surrounding earthquakes, but in recent times there have been indications that earthquake prediction may be possible. By analyzing changes in animal behavior, patterns of movements in the earth's crust, variations in the force of gravity and the earth's magnetic field, and the frequency with which minor earth tremors are observed, scientists have shown increasing success in anticipating when and where earthquakes will strike. As a result, a worldwide earthquake warning network is already in operation and has helped to prepare for (and thus lessen) the vast destruction that might otherwise have been totally unexpected. It is doubtful that man will ever be able to control earthquakes and eliminate their destructiveness altogether, but as how and why earthquakes happen become better understood, man will become more and more able to deal with their potential devastation before it occurs. 1. According to the passage, which of the following is true? A. Earthquakes are highly feared, but actually relatively harmless. B. There is absolutely no way to predict when or where earthquakes might occur. C. Man is now able to predict when earthquakes will happen, but not where. D. The greater part of damage is actually not caused by the quakes themselves. 2. The italicized word ―contiguous‖ in paragraph 2 most probably means _______. A. neighboring B. exterior C. inside D. detached 3. What has added greatly to the dread and horror surrounding earthquakes? A. The written records of earthquakes. B. The two great earthquake zones. C. The great destructive power earthquakes have. D. The fact that earthquakes can happen anywhere at any time. 4. By analyzing the changes that take place before an earthquake, scientists _______. A. can now control earthquakes B. have achieved increasing success in earthquake prediction C. can now predict earthquakes with great accuracy D. are now able to eliminate the destructiveness of earthquakes 5. The author‘s attitude toward the possibility of earthquake prediction is _______. A. doubtful B. concerned C. confident D. pessimistic


Passage 10

The television camera is rather like the human eye. Both the eye and the camera have a lens, and both produce a picture on a screen. In each case the picture is made up of millions of spots of light. Let us see how the eye works. When we look at an object—a person, a house, or whatever it may be — we do not see all the details

of the object in one piece. We imagine that we do, but this is not the case. In fact, the eye builds up the picture for us in our brain, which controls our sight, in millions of separate parts, and, although we do not realize it, all these details are seen separately. This is what happens when we look at something. Beams of light of different degrees of intensity, reflected from all parts of the objects, strike the lens of the eye. The lens then gathers together the spots of light from these beams and focuses them on to a light-sensitive plate — the retina — at the back of the eyeball. In this way an image of the object is produced on the retina in the form of a pattern of lights. The retina contains millions of minute light-sensitive elements, each of which is separately connected to the brain by a tiny fiber in the optic nerve. These nerve fibers, working independently, pick out minute details from the image on the retina and turn the small spots of light into nerve impulses of different strengths. They then transmit these impulses to the brain. They do this all at the same time. All the details of the image are fed to the brain, and, as we taught our brain to add them together correctly, we see a clear picture of the object as a whole Television, which means vision at a distance, operates on a similar principle. A television picture is built up in thousands of separate parts. Beams of light reflected from the subject being televised strike the lens of the television camera, which corresponds to the lens of the eye. The camera lens gathers together the spots of light from these beams and focuses an image of the subject on to a place, the surface of which is coated with millions of photo-electric elements sensitive to light. The spots of light forming the image on the plate cannot be transmitted as light. So they are temporarily converted by an electronic device into millions of electrical impulses; that is, into charges of electricity. These electrical impulses are then sent through space on a wireless wave to the homes of the viewers. They are picked up by the aerials and conveyed to the receivers — to the television sets. There, they are finally converted back into the spots of light that make up the picture on the television screen. 1. In the first paragraph we are told that the television camera resembles the human eye in ________________. A. one way B. two ways C. three ways D. a large number of ways 2. The retina is _______________. A. a lens B. a beam of light C. a part of the brain

D. a light-sensitive plate

3. The nerve fibers connecting these light-sensitive elements to the brain ________. A. all work together B. help each other C. work independently D. work in small groups 4. A camera lens focuses an image on to _______________. A. the subject B. a surface made up of millions of light-sensitive elements millions of photo-electric beams of light

C. a television set


5. The spots of light forming the image on the plate in a television camera are converted into _________. A. electricity B. pictures C. an electronic device D. a wireless



Passage 11

Australians have been warned they face a life or death decision over their water — drink recycled sewage (污水) or die. With the drought (干旱) continuing, the country is set to be forced to use purified (净化的) waste water for drinking, even though there is great opposition to the measure. Queensland has become the first state to introduce the policy after a warning from its premier. "I think in the end, because of the drought, all of Australia is going to end up drinking recycled purified water," said Peter Beattie. "These are difficult decisions, but you either drink water or you die. There's no choice. It's liquid gold; it's a matter of life and death." Beattie said Australia's second largest state would become the first to use recycled water for drinking. Water is recycled in Britain and parts of northern Europe along with the US and Israel. But Australians have never liked the idea. To try to change the way Australians think, Prime Minister John Howard and Environment Minister Malcolm Turnbull have adhered to Queensland's move.

"I am very strongly for recycling and Mr. Beattie is right and I agree with him completely," Howard said. “Australian cities, all now facing water shortages because of the worst drought on record, must start to use recycled water.‖ added Turnbull, "All of our big cities have to widen the range of water sources to include sources which are not dependent on rainfall." 1. What is the text mainly about? A. Continuing drought forces Australians to drink recycled sewage B. Australians face the choice of life and death C. Premier Beattie is worried about his people‘s health D. We should avoid drinking recycled water to keep healthy 2. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. Nobody disagrees to the idea of drinking recycled purified water B. Australia's second largest state has become the first state to introduce the policy C. No other countries but Australia decide to drink recycled water D. The drought is the worst one in the droughts recorded in Australian history. 3. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Australians have never like drinking purified waste water B. Australians should develop more water sources to live through the hard time C. Australians can‘t depend upon rainwater, which is not suitable for drinking. D. Australian government has no ability to solve the problem of water shortage 4. The underlined phrase ―adhered to‖ in Paragraph 9 probably means_________. A. disliked B. gone against C. supported D. doubted 5. It can be inferred from what Premier Peter Beattie said that________. A. he gives orders to drink purified waste water B. It is painful for him to see his people drink recycled sewage C. If the decision is made, people won‘t survive the drought D. It‘s up to you to either make a life or death decision 1-5 ADBCB Passage 12

The legal age for drinking alcohol in the United States is twenty-one. Underage drinking is a crime but also a common part of college social life. This week in our Foreign Student Series, we look at alcohol rules at American colleges and universities. These rules differ from school to school, as do measures. But many schools have been moving to strengthen their rules. The United States has more than 17000,000 students in higher education. Each year, 1700 of them die from alcohol-related road crashes and other injuries. 600,000 more are injured while under the influence of alcohol. And almost 700,000 are attacked by another drunken. One behavior that college officials are trying to prevent is too much drinking. Some researchers have found that students who think binge drinking is normal often think extremely how much other students really drink. A person can die of alcohol poisoning. At Oklahoma University, a nineteen-year-old student died from drinking heavily at a party in 2005 Now alcohol is banned from all sorority houses and university housing. Student organizations can serve alcohol at events but only on Friday and Saturday nights. Other new requirements include an alcohol education program that first-year students take online. The rules govern behavior on campus (校园) and off. With a first violation(违犯), students pay seventy-five dollars and their parents are told. They must also take an alcohol education class. For a second "strike," they have to pay one hundred fifty dollars. A third strike means that they have to be suspended school for at least one semester. Since 2005, 363 students have had a first strike. 30 have had a second strike -- and only one hasn‘t allowed to go to school for one semester. The president at Oklahoma tells us the aim is not just to punish but to change behavior and the culture at the university.

1. The first paragraph mainly tells us that_________. A. the legal age at the lowest for drinking alcohol is 21 B. many colleges consider drinking alcohol to be a crime C. drinking alcohol is a necessary and popular campus culture D. American colleges and universities have their own alcohol rules 2. Every year the number of the students who die or are injured because of alcohol in the USA added up to about _______. A. 17000,000 B. 1,301,700 C. 601,700 D. 1300,000 3. If a student has a third strike, he/she should________. A. have to stop going to school for a time B .be removed to another school C. be locked at home for a period D. be forced to leave school forever 4. Which of the following statements is supported by the passage ? A. College students are not allowed to drink alcohol at any time.. B. If students take an alcohol program online, they can drink alcohol . C. Students having a first strike only receive punishment of fine D. Students with a second strike pay twice as much as students with a first strike 5. We can infer ________from the last two paragraphs. A. alcohol rules have no effect on college students B. drinking alcohol remains a serious problem C. alcohol rules aim to change behavior and the culture at the university. D. the number of students drinking alcohol is dropping in one way. 1-5 DCADD

Passage 13 Packaging is a very important form of advertising. A package can sometimes motivate people to buy products. For example, a little child might ask for a breakfast food contained in a box with a picture of a TV character. The child is more interested in the picture than in breakfast food. Pictures for children to color or cut out, games printed on a package, or a small gift inside a box also motivate many children to buy products - or to ask their parents to buy for them. Some packages suggest that a buyer will get something for nothing. Food products sold in reusable containers are examples of this. Although a similar product in plain container might cost less, people often prefer to buy the product in a reusable glass or dish, because they believe the container is free. However, the cost of the container is added to the cost of the product. The size of a package also motivates a buyer. Maybe the package has “Economy Size” or “Family Size” printed on it. This suggests that the larger size has the most product for the least money. But that is not always true. To find it out, a buyer has to know how the product is sold and the price of the basic unit. The information on the package should provide some answers. But the important thing for any buyer to remember is that a package is often an advertisement. The words and pictures do not tell the whole story. Only the product inside can do that. 1. ―A buyer will get something for nothing‖ in paragraph 2 may probably mean ________. A. a buyer will not get what he pays for B. a buyer will get more than what he pays for C. a buyer will get something useful free of charge D. a buyer will get more but pay less 2. From the passage we know the buyer pays more attention to ________. A. the size of a container B. a container with attractive picture

C. a well-designed container D. a plain container with low cost 3. What suggestion does the writer give in the passage? A. It‘s not good to buy the product which is sold in a glass or dish. B. The quality of a container has nothing to do with the quality of the product. C. The best choice for a buyer is to buy a product in a plain package. D. A buyer should buy what he needs most rather than a well-designed package. 4. Which of the following sentences is NOT true according to the passage? A. In fact glasses or dishes used for packaging do not cost money at all. B. ―Family Size‖ printed on the package means that it is rather economic. C. To a child, even to an adult, the form is far more important than the content. D. Words and pictures written on the package are thought to be an advertisement. 5. What do you think is the best title for the passage? A. How to Package a Product. B. How to Make an Advertisement. C. How to Sell Product. D. How to Attract More Buyers. 1-5: ACDAA Passage 14 Hillary Rodham Clinton released the first television spot of her Senate campaign this morning, a 30-second commercial that will begin airing statewide on Thursday. The spot, titled ―First,‖ uses numerous still photos to highlight landmarks in Mrs. Clinton‘s career, while the voiceover says she is ―more than a first lady.‖ There is no mention of Mrs. Clinton‘s rival for New York‘s Senate seat, New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani. Clinton campaign spokesman Howard Wolfson said the ad was ―positive‖ and ―biographical,‖ instead of focusing on the first lady‘s opponent. Mrs. Clinton has previously aired radio ads, but has generally stayed with a strategy of making extensive campaign appearances instead of using television spots, while Giuliani has already run statewide TV ads. Text of Hillary Commercial: First she became a lawyer, named one of the top hundred in America. Her first cause was children, fighting abuse and chairing the board of the Children‘s Defense Fund. Her first priority was public schools, helping to establish teacher testing. More than a first lady. For 30 years, she‘s fought for children and families. As New York‘s senator, she‘ll fight for better schools and heath care for children. Hillary, Put her to work for all of us. 1. What does the word ―air‖ in the first sentence mean? A. dry B. express C. breathe D. broadcast 2. What does ―more than first lady‖ in the first paragraph suggest? A. Hillary is not a first lady. B. Hillary does much more than what a first lady is expected to do. C. There are more women in America who does better than Hillary does. D. Hillary is doing better than her husband. 3. Which of the following statement is true regarding the Senator campaign according the passage? A. Hillary has appeared on TV shot for numerous times. B. Hillary rarely makes her public appearance. C. Giuliani has made TV advertisement for himself. D. Hillary has a bigger chance to win the campaign. 4. Hillary‘s campaign focuses on all the flowing except_____. A. children‘s health care B. school education for children

C. combating child abuse D. family planning policy 5. Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage? A. First Lady‘s Senator Campaign B. Hillary‘s TV Advertisement C. A Rivalry for New York‘s Senate Seat D. The Focuses of Hillary Campaign Answer: 1-5: DBCDA Passage 15

At the close of each business day, most trained teachers, administrators, politicians, and statesmen make objective analyses of all that has transpired. They then carefully evaluate performance in the achievement of certain specified objectives. You, as a student, would be wise to adopt the same practice and reflect upon your performance in relating to the achievement of certain personal and educational objectives. First, what was your purpose, your motivational force in seeking an education? Did you seek an education in active performance, or did you seek to be educated in passive reception and automatic acquisition(获取) of information that was fed to you? Was the profit motive your primary motivation for obtaining an education? Do you want a better education for the sole purpose of getting a better job? What does the educational process really mean to you? We are part of a world in which men thrill to the touch of gold and hearts respond to the word money instead of being thrilled by the thought of good. We five in a world in which we are taught that the pursuit of happiness is an equation for the most rapid acquisition of money, by whatever means. If profit and money are your first priorities, and compassion and commitment to people your least concern, you have done little other than accumulate some facts and compile some information for future reference. If making money is your daydream and losing money your nightmare, if poverty is your worst fear and making money your most fervent prayer, you have missed the opportunity for education. You have failed yourself and have only received Nome instruction. 1. This passage suggests that students should______. A. assess their aims for learning B. learn more to earn more C. evaluate their politicians and statesmen D. keep knowledge to themselves 2.The educational procedure should be one in which the student______. A. does what he is told B. gets a better education to get a better job C. makes principles of education for self-betterment of their aims D. approaches the benefits of being well-off 3. The author seems to feel that______. A. people's welfare should be the chief concern in learning B. profit has nothing to do with people C. poverty is good for the soul D. knowledge is not the main objective for learning 4.A good title for the selection might be______. A. The Benefit of Education B. Education Motivation—Progress or Profit C. Self-Education D. Profit and Money 5. The word "nightmare" in the last paragraph is nearest in meaning to_______. A. a very bad dream B. unhappiness

C. sleeplessness D. a hazard to your health 答案:1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. A Passage 16

There seems never to have been a civilization without toys, but when and how they developed is unknown. They probably came about just to give children something to do. In the ancient world, as is today, most boys played with some kinds of toys and most girls with another. In societies where social roles are rigidly determined, boys pattern their play after the activities of their fathers and girls after the tasks of their mothers. This is true because boys and girls are being prepared, even in play, to step into the roles and responsibilities of the adult world. What is remarkable about the history of toys is not so much how they changed over the centuries but how much they have remained are same. The changes have been mostly in terms of craftsmanship, mechanics, and technology. It is the universality of toys with regard to their development in all parts of the world and their persistence to the present that is amazing. In Egypt, the Americas, China, Japan and among the Arctic (北极 的)peoples, generally the same kinds of toys appeared. Variations depended on local customs and ways of life because toys imitate their surroundings. Nearly every civilization had dolls, little weapons, toy soldiers, tiny animals and vehicles. Because toys can be generally regarded as a kind of art form, they have not been subject to technological leaps that characterize inventions for adult use. The progress from the wheel to the oxcart to the automobile is a direct line of ascent (进步). The progress from a rattle (拨浪鼓)used by a baby in 3000 BC to one used by an infant today, however, is not characterized by inventiveness. Each rattle is the product of the artistic tastes of the times and subject to the limitations of available materials. 1. The reason why the toys most boys play with are different from those that girls play with is that ________. A. their social roles are rigidly determined B. most boys would like to follow their fathers‘ professions C. boys like to play with their fathers while girls with their mothers D. they like challenging activities 2. One aspect of ―the universality of toys‖lies in the fact that ________. A. technological advances have greatly improved the durability of toys B. the improvement of craftsmanship in making toys depends on the efforts of universities C. the exploration of the universe had led to the creation of new kinds of toys D. the basic characteristics of toys are the same the world over 3. Which of the following is the author?s view on the historical development of toys? A. The craftsmanship in toy-making has remained essentially unchanged. B. Toys have remained basically the same all through the centuries. C. The toy industry has witnessed great leaps in technology in recent years. D. Toys are playing an increasingly important role in shaping a child?s character. 4. Regarded as a kind of art form, toys ________. A. follow a direct line of ascent B. also appeal greatly to adults C. are not characterized by technological progress D. reflect the pace of social progress 5. The author uses the example of rattle to show that ________. A. in toy-making there is a continuity in the sue of materials B. even the simplest toys can reflect the progress of technology C. even the simplest toys can reflect the progress of technology D. even a simple toy can mirror the artistic tastes of the time 答案: 1.A 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.D Passage 17

If you do a lot of riding in the city you must have noticed a recent increase in the number o designated bicycle lanes. It was in the spring of 2000 that this City of Chicago produced the first Chicago Bike Map. This map shows bike lanes, the fie foot ride section on each side of the street designated by signage(招牌) and striping; bike routes, where cars and bicycles share the street; and multi-use trails that are paved off-road paths. This map is now being updated and the number of designated bicycle lanes will be significantly increased. Actually, the bicycle‘s role in transportation is expanding worldwide. The Earth Policy Institute reports that 101 million bicycles were produced around the world in 2000--- more than double the 41 cars manufactured. Bicycles are gaining popularity because they use land efficiently, provide exercise, alleviate traffic congestion, and do not pollute. In the 1990s, 960 million people bought bikes, compared with the 370 million who bought cars. Bicycles are much more affordable than cas and, in some urban areas, are more mobile as well. In London, the average speed of a care today is roughly the same as that of a horse-drawn carriage a century ago, according to an Eco-Economy Update from the Earth Policy Institute. Elsewhere in the world, according to the institute, the average motorist in Bangkok spends the equivalent of 44 workdays per year sitting in a car, not moving. As for bike use, one-third of the population in Copenhagen commutes to work by bicycle. In Tokyo, where 90 percent of workers commute by rail, 30 percent use a bike to get to their local station. In some cities in the Netherlands, bicycles account for up to half of all trips. Extensive networks of bike paths and lanes connect rural and urban areas in the Netherlands (which has almost 12,000 miles of these lanes) and in Germany (which has more than 19,000 miles). The great mobility of bicycles has made bike-mounted police and bike messengers more common. More than four-fifths of all urban police departments in the United States now have some of hteir force on bicycles. Ususlly, bike-mounted officers can reach the scene of a crime before squad cars, and they typically make 50 percent more arrests each day. In New York City, an estimated 300 bicyle messenger companies compete for $700 million of business every year. Lanes and parking spots for bikes require much less paved land than that needed for cars. Six bicycles typically fit into one car lane, and 20 bikes can be parked in a spot for one car. From 1992 to 1997, more than $1 billion of U.S. funds was invested in bicycle infrastructure, some of which was used in New Jerzey to build an 800 mile statewide network of bike trails. 1. A. B. C. D. 2. A. B. C. D. 3. A. B. C. D. 4. A. B. C. D. 5. A. B. C. D. According to the passage, compared with cars, bicycles ______________________. have larger number of uses are safer and more affordable are accepted by more and more people play a more importan role in transportation In London, people find that ___________________________. the feeling of riding a car is wonderful sometimes a car is not as fast as a bicycle riding a bicycle is the most convenient going to work by rail is the best way If you are in some cities in the Netherlands, you may find _______________________. half of the workmen ride a bike to work bike lanes there are longer than in Germany half of all trips are made by riding bike more bike paths in urban areas than rural areas Police in the United States _______________________. prefer a car to a bicycle can get to the scene of a crime more quickly by riding bicycles make more arrests if driving squad cars ride more bicycles compared with those in Germany According to the last paragraph, which of the following is true? Bicycle messenger companies make more profits than other companies. Many countries lay emphasis on the building of bicycle lanes. A spot for one car can be used for parking 20 bicycles. Presently the U.S. is investing more in bicycle infrastruture. 2. B 3. C 4. B 5. C

答案:1. C

Passage 18

Sunshine and Sangria may sound like the ideal cure for all your ills. But holidays can also be source of stress--- and that can affect your health. So if you want to really relax while you‘re away, follow these rules. Stress is now a mojor health issue of our time. One survey put the annual cost to British business at 1.3 billion in absenteeism(旷工), with around 100 million workdays lost each year. If left unchecked, stress can lead to illnesses which affect physical fitness, such as heart disease, high blood pressure and severe aches and pains, particularly neck- and backache. Yet although work is frequently cited as the main cause, holiday stress can be even more damaging. The traditional summer break, regarded by most people as the highlight of their year, can actually undermine health and put pressure on family relationships. Instead of tackling the problems before they go away, a lot of people believe a holiday will work magic for them. But holidays are spent in strange places where it may be difficult for tense people to relax. They may feel even more disturbed if they get the idea that others are having a more wonderful time than they are. It becomes a complex vicious circle, with people coming home more stressed than before they went away. Holiday preparations involve a series of mini-stresses, like tying up loose ends at word, remembering to cancel the milk and newspapers, boarding the family pet, arranging foreign currency, last-minute shopping, working out how much spending money to take and worrying about securing the home again burglars. Crowded airports, delayed flights and packed hotels are also major stress factors for most holidaymakers. Stress experts say we should take two or three shor holidays a year instead of a long mid-summer one. Professor Cary Cooper, psychologist at the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, says: ―If your one holiday turns out to be disaster you have nothing to look forward to for another year.‖ “A big mistake is to take holidays according to the month, instead of when your body tells you it is time to unwind. July and August can be the two most disastrous months for holidays because there are always crowds, queues and delays. Some people like crowds, but holidays are a time for peace, quiet and personal space.‖ “Another strain is not being able to do what you want on holiday, so you end up compromising, and no-one has a really good time. If the holiday is self-catering(自供伙食的), a wife is going to feel stressed at having to cook, look after the children and do all the other chores she handles at home, while her husband goes off to play golf.‖ “Disappointment is very stressful. If you have high hopes of your holiday and it lets you down, you won‘t be refreshed, and may feel in need of another holiday. It‘s not going to kill you, but it won‘t help you to recharge your batteries.‖ “Some people become over-anxious when they are going on holiday,‖ says Professor Ben Fletcher, head of psychology at Hertfordshire University, ―and worry about what happens if they are taken ill. So, for them, their chosen holiday spot is not a secure place.‖ “Many couples and families are simply not used to spending a long time with each other, and some people cannot cope with that. Others may try to establish who is boss on holiday, while a lot of people just find it difficult to relax.‖ 1. A. B. C. D. 2. A. B. C. D. 3. A. B. C. D. According to the passage, which of the following is more likely to have a bad impact on physical fitness? Working frequently in summer. Traditional summer holiday. Tackling problems before going away on holiday. Long separation from other family members. Which of the following makes a person feel stressed before going on holiday? Boarding the dog. Putting off meeting with one‘s co-workers. Making one‘s farewells at the workplace. Shopping just before the store is closed. When is it appropriate to take a holiday according to the passage? According to the month. When you feel you need to relax. June and August. When you don‘t have much work to do.

4. A. B. C. D.

Which of the following ensures a happy holiday? Compromising with your partner. Not taking a self-catering holiday. Going off to play golf. Doing everything of your own accord.

5. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. Drawbacks of taking holidays. B. Ways to get along with one‘s holiday partners. C. Methods of avoiding holiday stress. D. Merits of taking holiday. 答案: 1. B 2. A 3. B Passage 19

4. D

5. C

A 10-year-old boy decided to study judo(柔道) despite the fact that he had lost his left arm in a terrible car accident. The boy began lessons with an old Japanese judo master,and he was doing well. But he couldn’t understand why,after three months of training,the master had taught him only one move. “Sir,” the boy finally said, “shouldn’t I be learning more moves?” “This is the only move you know, but this is the only move you’ll ever need to know,” the master replied. Not quite understanding,but believing in his teacher,the boy kept training. Several months later,the master took the boy to his first tournament(锦标赛). Surprising himself, boy easily won his first two matches. The third match proved to be more difficult, the but after some time, opponent became impatient and charged(紧张的); the boy skillfully used his one move to win his the match. Still amazed by his success,the boy was now in the finals. This time,his opponent was bigger,stronger,and more experienced. For a while,the boy appeared to be overmatched(被打败). Concerned that the boy might get hurt, the referee called a time-out, He was about to stop the match when the judo master intervened(干涉). “No,” the judo master insisted, “Let him continue.” Soon after the match resumed(重新开始),his opponent made a critical mistake: he dropped his guard. Instantly,the boy used his move to pin(压住) him. The boy had won the match and the tournament. He was the champion. On the way home,the boy and his judo master reviewed every move in each and every match. Then the boy summoned (鼓起) the courage to ask what was really on his mind. “Sir,how did I win the tournament with only one move?” “You won for two reasons,” the master answered. “First,you’ve almost mastered one of the most difficult throws in all of judo. Second,the only known defense for that move is for your opponent to grab(抓住) your left arm.” 1.Why did the boy want to learn judo? A. He wanted to get over the accident. B. He wanted to make up for his disability. C. He wanted to exercise his right arm. D. The reason was not mentioned in the passage 2. Why did the master insist on continuing the match? A. He didn’t want to give the opponent an advantage. B. The boy was confident of winning. C. He had confidence in the boy’s skill. D. All he cared about was winning the final. 3. What probably caused the defeat of the boy‘s opponent in the final? A. Over-confidence. B. Impatience. C. Inexperience. D. Exhaustion. 4. Why did the master teach the boy only that one move? A. The boy could not do other moves with only one arm.

B. It was the only move the master knew well. C. It was the move his opponent would not be good at. D. His opponent would be helpless once he made that move. 5. What does the passage mainly tell us? A. One can turn a weakness into an advantage. B. It is very difficult to have a good teacher. C. Even a disabled person can win a match. D. Practice makes perfect. Answers: 1. D 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. A

Passage 20

Until last spring, Nia Parker and the other kids in her neighborhood commuted(通勤) to school on Bus 59. But as fuel rose, the school district needed to find a way to cut its transportation costs. So the school’s busing company redrew its route map, eliminating(裁减) Nia’ bus altogether. Now, Nia and her neighbors travel the half s mile to school via a “walking school bus” — a group of kids, supervised (监督) by an adult or two, who make the walk together. Like the rest of us, school districts are feeling pinched(拮据的) by rising fuel costs—and finding new ways to adapt. The price of diesel fuel has gone up 34 percent in the past two years. For the typical American school district, bus bills total 5 percent of the budget. As administrators look to trim(削减), busing is an inviting target, since it doesn’t affect classroom instruction (or test scores). More than one third of school administrators have eliminated bus stops or routes in order to stay within budget. Many parents are delighted to see their kids walking to school, partly because many did so themselves: according to a 1969 survey, nearly half of school kids walked or biked to school, compared with only 16 percent in 2001. Modern parents have been unwilling to let kids walk to school for fear of traffic, crime or simple bullying(恃强凌弱), but with organized adult supervision, those concerns have diminished(减少). Schools and busing companies are finding other ways to save. In rural areas where busing is a must, some schools have even chosen four-day school weeks. Busing companies instruct drivers to eliminate extra stops from routes and to turn off the engine while idling. They are also using computer software to determine the most fuel-efficient routes, which aren‘t always the shortest ones. There could be downsides(负面), however, to the busing cutbacks. If every formerly bused student begins walking to school, it’s an environmental win—but if too many of their parents decide to drive them instead, the overall carbon footprint(碳排放量) can grow. Replacing buses with many more parent-driven cars can also increase safety risks: A 2002 report concluded students are 13 times safer on a school bus than in a passenger car, since buses have fewer accidents and withstand them better due to their size. And some students complain about the long morning hikes(徒步), particularly when the route contains a really big hill. 1. What do we learn about the ―walking school bus‖ from the passage? A. It is a heavy burden on the traffic. B. It does not consume fuel at all. C. It is very popular with school kids. D. It aims to keep children strong and healthy. 2. As regards walking to school, modern parents seem much concerned about ________. A. the sudden changes in the route B. their children’s physical conditions C. their children’s safety on the way D. the distance their kids have to take 3. What do some schools do in order to save on transportation costs? A. They choose to shorten the school week. B. They stop giving drivers good training. C. They eliminate routes or take the shortest routes. D. They switch to buses which are more fuel-efficient. 4. What may eventually happen with the busing cutbacks?

A. More students may choose to take public transportation. B. The safety of school buses may be decreased sharply. C. Competition among bus companies may become fiercer. D. There may be an increase in carbon dioxide emissions. 5. The author‘s attitude towards busing cutbacks is___________ . A. critical B. favorable C. objective D. indifferent Answers: 1. B Passage 21 Henry Ford, the famous U.S. inventor and car manufacturer, once said, ―The business of America is business.‖ By this he meant that the U.S. way of life is based on the values of the business world. Few would argue with Ford’s statement. A brief glimpse at a daily newspaper vividly shows how much people in the United States think about business. For example, nearly every newspaper has a business section, in which the deals and projects, finances and management, stock prices and labor problems of corporations are reported daily. In addition, business news can appear in every other section. Most national news has an important financial aspect to it. Welfare, foreign aid, the federal budget, and the policies of the Federal Reserve Bank are all heavily affected by business. Moreover, business news appears in some of the unlikeliest places. The world of arts and entertainment is often referred to as ―the entertainment industry‖ or ―show business.‖ 亨利 · 福特, 著名的 美国发明家和汽车制造商,曾经说过:"美国的商业是业务"。由这他的意思,美国的生活方式基于商业世 界的价值观。没有人会认为与福特的语句。短暂一瞥日报 》 生动地显示了多少美国人认为有关业务。例 如,几乎每个报纸有商业部分,在其中的交易和项目、 财政和管理、 股票价格和劳动问题的公司每天报 告。此外,商业新闻可以显示在每个其他部分。大多数国家的新闻已经给它的一个重要的财务方面。福利、 对外援助、 联邦财政预算案和美联储银行的政策是所有受严重影响的业务。此外,商业新闻出现在一些 问题上冰释前嫌的地方。艺术和娱乐的世界往往被称为"娱乐业"或"显示业务"。 The positive side of Henry Ford’s statement can be seen in the prosperity(繁荣) that business has brought to U.S. life. One of the most important reasons so many people from all over the world come to live in the United States is the dream of a better job. Jobs are produced in abundance (大量地) because the U.S. economic system is driven by competition. People believe that this system creates more wealth, more jobs, and a materially better way of life. The negative side of Henry Ford‘s statement, however, can be seen when the word business is taken to mean big business. And the term big business—referring to the biggest companies, is seen in opposition to labor. Throughout U.S. history working people have had to fight hard for higher wages, better working conditions, and the fight to form unions. Today, many of the old labor disputes(争端) are over, but there is still some employee anxiety(忧虑). Downsizing(裁员)—the laying off of thousands of workers to keep expenses low and profits high—creates feelings of insecurity for many. 亨利 · 福特的语句的积极的一面可以看到在 prosperity(繁 荣), 业务已经让美国的生活。 来自世界各地的这么多人来住在美国的最重要原因之一是工作的更好的梦想。 因为美国的经济体制由竞争驱动中丰度 (大量地) 生产作业。人们相信这一系统将创建更多的财富、 更 多的就业机会和一种物质上更好的生活方式。消极的一面的亨利 · 福特的语句,但是,可以看到当商务 这个词采取意味着大业务。词大生意 — — 指的最大的公司,看到反对劳动。在美国历史上劳动人民不 得不努力争取更高的工资、 更好的工作条件和工会的斗争。今天,许多旧的劳动 disputes(争端) 都过去 了, 但仍有一些员工 anxiety(忧虑)。 缩编 (裁员) — — 从成千上万的工人保持铺设费用低、 利润高 — — 创建... 1. The United States is a typical country ________. A. which encourages free trade at home and abroad B. where people’s chief concern is how to make money C. where all businesses are managed scientifically D. which normally works according to the federal budget 2. The influence of business in the U.S. is evidenced(证明) by the fact that ________. A. most newspapers are run by big businesses B. even public organizations concentrate on working for profits C. Americans of all professions know how to do business D. even arts and entertainment are regarded as business 2. C 3. A 4. D 5. A

3. According to the passage, immigrants(移民) choose to settle in the U.S., dreaming that ________. A. they can start profitable businesses there B. they can be more competitive in business C. they will make a fortune overnight there D. they will find better chances of employment 4. Henry Ford‘s statement can be taken negatively because ________. A. working people are discouraged to fight for their fights B. there are many industries controlled by a few big capitalists C. there is a conflicting relationship between big corporations and labor D. public services are not run by the federal government 5. A company‘s efforts to keep expenses low and profits high may result in ________. A. reduction in the number of employees B. improvement of working conditions C. fewer disputes between labor and management D. a rise in workers’ wages 1.美国是一个典型的国家 ___。A.鼓励自由贸易在家里和人的首席关注在 哪里如何赚钱 C.所有企业都在都哪里的国外 B.科学管理 D.联邦预算 2 正常工作的。在美国企业界的影 响是 evidenced(证明) 的这一事实,___。A.大多数报纸由大企业 B.甚至公共组织集中利润为工作的所有 专业 C.美国人知道如何去做业务 D.甚至艺术和娱乐都视为业务 3。这篇文章,immigrants(移民) 选择定 居在美国,做梦,___。A.他们可以开始盈利的企业那里 B.它们可以更具竞争力,他们会让他们将找到财 富一夜之间有 D.C.业务更好地就业 4 的机会。亨利 · 福特的语句可以产生消极采取,因为 ___。A.劳 动人民都不愿意打击火炭...... Answers: 1. B Passage 22 2. D 3. D 4. C 5. A

About ten men in every hundred suffer from color blindness in some way; women are luckier only about one in two hundred is affected in this manner. There are different forms of color blindness. A man may not be able to see deep red. He may think that red, orange and yellow are all shades of green. Sometimes a person can‘t tell the difference between blue and green. In rare cases an unlucky man may see everything in shades of green—a strange world indeed. In certain occupations color blindness can be dangerous and candidates are tested most carefully. For example, when fighting at night, soldiers use lights of flares to signal to each other. A green light may mean ―Advance‖ and a red light may mean ―Danger! Keep back!‖ You can see what will happen if somebody thinks that red is green! Color blindness in human beings is a strange thing to explain. In a single eye there are millions of very small things called ―cones‖, which help to see in a bright light and to tell the difference between colors. There are also millions of ―rods‖ but these are used for seeing when it is nearly dark. They show us shape but not color. Wait until it is dark tonight, and then go outside. Look round you and try to see what colors you can recognize.?约十 名男子在每一百个患有色盲以某种方式 ;妇女是更幸运的是只有大约在两个百以这种方式受到影响。有 不同形式的红绿色盲。一个人不可能能够看到深红色。他可能认为红色、 橙色和黄色是所有绿色的阴影。 有时一个人不能告诉蓝色和绿色之间的区别。在罕见情况下一个倒霉的人在可能看到一切色度的绿色 — — 事实上一个陌生的世界。在某些职业颜色失明可危险和候选人都进行最仔细的测试。例如,当在夜间 的战斗,士兵将使用灯光照明弹向对方发出信号。绿色指示灯可能意味着"进步"和红光可能意味着"危险 ! 放回 !你可以看到什么会发生如果有人认为红色是绿色的 !色盲中人类是一个奇怪的东西来解释。单一 的眼中有数以百万计的称为"锥",帮助在明亮的光线中看到并告诉之间的区别非常小东西...... Birds and animals which hunt at night have eyes which contain few or no cones at all, so they can‘t see colors. As far as we know, bats and adult owls can‘t see colors at all only light and dark shapes. Similarly cats and dogs cannot see colors as well as we can.? Insects can see ultra-violet rays which are invisible to us, and some of them can even see X rays. The wings of a moth may seem grey and dull to us, but to insects they may appear beautiful, showing colors which we can‘t see. Scientists know that there are other colors around us which insects can see but which we cannot see. Some insects have favorite colors. Mosquitoes like blue, but do not like yellow. A red light will not attract insects but a blue lamp will.?鸟类和动物,在夜间捕食有眼,在所有包含很少或没有锥,所以他们不能看到颜色。据我们所 知,蝙蝠和成年猫头鹰看不见颜色在所有只光和暗的形状。同样猫和狗不能见色以及我们 can.? 昆虫可 以看到这是对我们来说,不可见的紫外线,其中一些甚至可以看到 X 射线。蝴蝶的翅膀看似暗淡给我们, 但到昆虫,它们可能会出现美丽,显示我们不能看到的颜色。科学家们知道有我们的昆虫可以看到,但我

们看不到周围的其他颜色。有些昆虫有最喜爱的颜色。蚊子喜欢蓝色,但不是喜欢黄色。红光不会吸引昆 虫,但蓝灯 will.? 1. Among people who suffer from color blindness, _______ A. some may see everything in shades of green B. few can tell the difference between blue and green C. few may think that red, orange and yellow are all shades of green D. very few may think that everything in the world is in green 2. When millions of rods in our eyes are at work in darkness we can see _______ A. colors only B. shapes and colors C. shapes only D. darkness only 3. According to the passage, bats and adult owls can‘t see colors, _______ A. because they hunt at night B. because they cannot see light C. because they have no cones and rods D. because they have no cones 4. According to the passage, dogs and cats, _______ A. as well as human beings can not see some colors B. have fewer cones than human beings C. have less rods than human beings D. can see colors as well as human beings 5. Which of the following is not true about insects? A. Insects can see more colors than human beings.? B. Insects can see ultra-violet rays which are invisible to men.? C. All insects have their favorite colors.? D. The world is more colorful to insects than to human beings. 1.人民之间谁患有色盲,___ A.某些可能会看到的一切底纹效果的绿色 B.很少有人能告诉蓝色和绿色 C. 很少有人可能认为红色、 橙色和黄色是所有的绿色 D.很少有人可能认为世界上的一切是绿色 2 阴影之 间的区别。当数以百万计的杆在我们眼中是在黑暗中工作时,我们可以看到 ___ A.颜色只有 B.形状和颜 色 C.形状只 D.黑暗只有 3。这篇文章,蝙蝠和成年猫头鹰不能看到颜色,___ A.因为他们在夜间 B.因为 他们不能看见光 C.因为他们有没有球果和棒 D.因为他们有没有锥 4 捕食。按通行、 狗和猫、 以及 ___ A.人类不可以看到一些颜色 B.有较少球果比人类 C.有少棒比人类 D.可以看到的颜色, 以及人类 5。下列 哪个不是真正对昆虫?A.昆虫可以看到更多的颜色,比人类 beings.? B.昆虫可以看到并作用下......


Passage 23

Thousands of years ago, in the middle of an ocean, miles from the nearest island, an undersea volcano broke out. The hot liquid piled higher and higher and spread wider and wider. In this way, an island rose up in the sea. As time went on , hot sun and cool rains made the rock split and break to pieces. Sea waves dashed against the rock. In this way, soil and sand came into being. Nothing lived on the naked soil. And then the wind and birds brought plant seeds, spiders and other little creatures there. Only plants could grow first. Only they, in sunlight, could produce food from the minerals of the soil, water and air. While many animals landed on the island, they could find no food. A spider span its web in vain, because there were no insects for its web to catch. Insects couldn‘t stay until there were plants for them to eat. So plants had to be the pioneer life on this new island. 数千年前,在海洋,离最近的岛屿,英里的海底火山爆发了。热的液体堆更高和更高和更广泛和更广泛的 传播。这种方式,一个小岛在海中站了起来。随着时间的推移,炎热的太阳和酷雨作拆分和碎的岩石。大 海波涛与岩石。这种方式,土壤和砂应运而生。没有什么住在赤裸的土地上。然后风和鸟带植物种子、 蜘

蛛和那里其他小动物。只有植物无法生长第一。只有他们,在阳光下可以生产从土壤、 水和空气的矿物 质的食物。虽然许多动物在岛上登陆,他们能找到没有食物。一只蜘蛛跨越其 web 徒劳,因为有没有为 其 web 捕捉昆虫。直到有了厂给他们吃,不能留的昆虫。所以植物不得不将这个新的小岛上的先驱的生 活。 1. The passage centers on _______ A. how an undersea volcano broke out B. how an island rose up in the sea C. how soil was formed on a new island D. how life began on a volcano-produced island 2. According to the passage, the island got its first soil from _______ A. sea waves B. the sand brought by the wind C. its own rock D. cool rains 3. The word ―naked‖ ( in para. 3) could be replaced by which of the following? A. hidden B. new C. mysterious D. bare 4. The order of coming into being on the island is _______ A. soil, plants and animals B. soil, little creatures and plants C. soil, birds and plants D. soil, human beings and animals 5. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. Spiders were the first life that could live on the island. B. The island is far away from any piece of land. C. Insects could not live on the island without plants. D. Plants were brought to the island by human being. 1.通过中心 ___ A.如何一座海底火山爆发 B.如何岛升起来的海 C.上新岛 D.土壤如何形成生命如何开始 在火山产生的岛屿 2 上。这篇文章,岛接到其第一次土壤 ___ A.海浪 B.风 C.自己岩 D.酷雨 3 所带来 的沙子。 下列哪些可改为"裸"(第 3) 中的单词吗?。 A.隐藏 B.新 C.神秘 D.裸 4。 进入在岛上的顺序是 ___ A.土壤、 植物和动物 B.土壤、 小动物和植物 C.土壤、 鸟类和植物 D.土壤、 人类和动物 5。这篇文章, 下面哪个是真正的?A.蜘蛛人能够生活在岛的第一生命。B.岛很远从任何一块土地。C.昆虫不能没有植物 在岛上居住。D.植物被带到岛被人类。 1-5 D C D A C

Passage 24

Doctors in Britain are warning of an obesity time bomb, when children who are already overweight grow up. So, what should we do? Exercise more? Eat less? Or both? The government feels it has to take responsibility for this expanding problem. The cheerful Mr. Pickwick, the hero of the novel by Charles Dickens, is seen in illustrations as someone who is plump (胖乎乎的) ---and happy. In 18th century paintings beauty is equated with rounded bodies and soft curves. But nowadays being overweight is seen as indicating neither a cheerful character nor beauty but an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. So what do you do? Diet? Not according to England‘s chief medical officer, Sir Liam Donaldson. He says that physical activity is the key for reducing the risks of obesity, cancer and heart disease. And the Health Secretary John Reid even said that being inactive is as serious a risk factor in heart disease as smoking. 在英国医生警告的 肥胖的定时炸弹,当那些已经超重儿童长大后。所以,我们应该做什么?多锻炼吗?少吃吗?或两个呢? 政府认为它已为此扩大问题承担责任。开朗的先生威,由查尔斯 · 狄更斯的小说的主人公在插图看作是 胖胖的人 (胖乎乎的)---和快乐。在 18 世纪绘画之美被等同于圆角的机构和软曲线。但如今超重视为指示

不开朗的性格也不美而心脏病和中风的风险增加。所以你做什么?饮食?不根据英格兰首席医疗官,Liam Donaldson 爵士。他说体育活动是减少肥胖、 癌症和心脏病的风险的关键。卫生部长约翰 · 里德甚至说 正在处于非活动状态是严重吸烟作为心脏病风险因素。 So, having bought some cross trainers, how much exercise should you do? According to Sir Liam Donaldson, at least 30 minutes of moderate activity five days a week. Is going to the gym the answer? Luckily for those who find treadmills(跑步机) tedious, the Health Development Agency believes that physical activity that fits into people‘s lives may be more effective. They suggest taking the stairs rather than the lift, walking up escalators, playing active games with your children, dancing or gardening. And according to a sports psychologist, Professor Biddle, gyms are not making the nation fit, and may even cause harm. There‘s new scientific evidence that too much exercise may actually be bad for you. Scientists at the University of Ulster have found that unaccustomed exercise releases dangerous free radicals that can adversely affect normal function in unfit people. The only people who should push their bodies to that level of exercise on a regular basis are trained athletes. So, should we forget about gyms and follow some experts‘ advice to increase exercise in our daily life? After all, getting off the bus a stop early and walking the rest of the way can‘t do any harm! One final thought. How come past generations lacked gym facilities but were leaner and fitter than people today? 所以,买了一些交叉培训的 人员,应做多少运动?据至少 30 分钟的适度活动 Liam Donaldson 爵士,每周 5 天。答案去健身房吗? 幸运的是那些人找到 treadmills(跑步机) 单调乏味,健康发展原子能机构相信融入人们的生活的身体活动 可能更有效。他们建议考虑楼梯,而不是电梯、 自动扶梯向上遍历、 活动游戏与你的孩子、 跳舞或园 艺。并根据体育心理学家,比德尔教授,健身房不正在全国适合,和甚至可能造成伤害。有太多的练习实 际上可能是坏的新的科学证据。在阿尔斯特大学的科学家们发现这不习惯的行使新闻稿的危险的自由基可 以对不适宜人正常功能产生负面影响。唯一应到这一水平推其机构定期的人是练习的受过训练的运动员。 所以,我们应该... 1. This passage is mainly about ______________ A .how to keep fit and avoid fatness B. increased risks for overweight people C. the dangers of exercise in the gym D. the benefit of a balanced diet 2. What dose ―this expanding problem‖ (Para 1) refer to? A. The slow growing up of overweight children B. The obesity time bomb warned of by doctors. C. To little exercise and too much diet. D. Neglect of the health issue by the government 3. Why dose the author mention Mr. Pickwick in Charles Dickens‘ novel? A. He was portrayed in an 18th century painting B. He is the hero of a world famous novel. C, He suffered from heart disease and stroke. D. He is the image of being plump and happy 4. According to Sir Liam Donaldson, what is the best way to avoid obesity? A. Being on diet B. Giving up smoking. C. Being as inactive as possible. D. Doing physical activities.

5. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ____________________ A. too much exercise may actually be bad for health B. experts‘ advice cannot be always followed. C. past generations longed for gym facilities we have today D. moderate daily-life exercise can make us leaner and fitter1.这篇短文主要是有关 ___ A 怎样保持适宜和避 免肥胖 B.增加的风险对于肥胖的人 C.危险的行使在健身房 D.均衡饮食 2 的效益。 什么剂量"这个不断扩 大的问题"(第 1) 指?A.缓慢成长的超重儿童 B.肥胖计时炸弹警告的医生。C.向小运动和太多的饮食。D. 忽视的健康问题,政府 3。 为什么剂量在查尔斯 · 狄更斯的小说中作者提到匹克威克先生?A.他是在 18

世纪绘画 B.描绘他是世界著名小说中的主人公。C,他患心脏病和中风。D.他是正在丰满和快乐 4 的形 象。根据 Liam Donaldson 爵士,避免肥胖的最佳方法是什么?A.正在节食 B.Giving 戒烟。C.正在尽可能 为非活动状态。D.做体育活动。5.它可以推断从最后一段 ___ A.太多练习实际上可能有害健康......

1-5 A B D D D
Passage 25

Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild animals. They spoil(糟蹋) your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively, fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong things. The key to preventing or treating behavior problem is learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem. Training opens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do. 狗是社会动物,没有适当的培训,他们的表现会之类的野生动物。他们 spoil(糟蹋) 你的房子,摧毁你 的财物,过分树皮、 打击其他的狗,甚至咬你。几乎所有行为问题都是非常正常的狗活动,或出现在错 误的时间或地点都针对错误的东西。关键问题对预防或治疗行为学习教狗重定向其正常的行为问题,但它 是解决任何问题的基础。培训开辟了行的你和你的狗之间的通信。有效的沟通是有必要让你知道你要它做 的狗 Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog obeys a simple request of ―come here, sit‖, it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the dog group by using extreme measures. You can teach your dog its subordinate(附属的) role by teaching it to show submission(服从) to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you pleasantly if they accept that you are in charge. Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog. It can enrich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well-trained dog is more confident and more safely allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal. 培训也是一种简便方法建立的社会等级秩序。当你的狗服从简单请求"来 到这里,坐",它显示的服从和对你的尊重。有必要建立自己顶狗或狗小组的领导人是通过使用极端措施。 你可以通过它向你展示 submission(服从) 教教你的狗它 subordinate(附属的) 的作用。大多数狗爱表演技 巧为您惊喜如果他们接受你是负责人。培训应是乐趣和回报的你和你的狗。它可以丰富你的关系,并且使 共同生活更愉快。训练有素的狗是更有信心,更安全地允许比未受过训练的动物更多的自由。 1. Behavior problems of dogs are believed to _______. A. become worse in modern society B. be just part of their nature C. occur when they go wild D. be a threat to the community 2. The primary purpose of obedience training is to ________. A. enable the dog to regain its normal behavior B. teach the dog to perform clever tricks C. make the dog aware of its owner‘s authority D. provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior 3. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is _____ to training. A. essential B. helpless C. meaningless D. opposite 4. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters? A. To show their willingness to obey. B. To show their love for their masters. C. To avoid being punished. D. To win leadership of the dog pack. 5. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner________. A. will enjoy a better family life. B. can give the dog more freedom C. can give the dog more rewards D. will have more confidence in himself 1.行为问题的狗被认为向 ___。A.变得更糟,在现代社会 B.将他们去野生 D.会威胁到社会 2 发生只是其

性质 C.的一部分。服从训练的主要目的是 ___。A.启用狗以恢复其正常的行为 B.教狗执行的诡计 C.使狗 了解其所有者的权力 D.提供其野生行为 3 零售商与狗。一只狗和其所有者之间的有效沟通是 ___ 培训。 A.基本 B.无奈 C.毫无意义 D.对面 4。宠物狗为什么爱特技表演为他们的主人?A.表现他们愿意服从。 B.以显示他们对他们的主人的爱。C.避免受罚。D.赢得领导的狗包。5.当一只狗已收到有效服从训练,其 owner___。A.将享受更好的家庭生活。B.可以使更多的自由 C.可以给更多的奖励 D.将有的狗的狗更有信 心在自己 1-5 B C A A B Passage 26 I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble. I was in the eighth grade at the time, and we were having a final test. During the test, the girl sitting next to me whispered something, but I didn‘t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk. Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room when all the other students were dismissed. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she t alked about how important it was to stand on your own two feet and be responsible (负责任) for your own acts. 我发 现一次,一个忙,有人可能使您陷入了很多麻烦。当时,在八年级和我们在最终的测试。在测试过程中, 坐在我旁边的女孩低声说些什么,但我听不懂。所以我身子她的方式,发现了她在问我,是否我有多余的 钢笔。她给我看她是墨水用,并不会去写。我碰巧有额外的一,所以把它从我口袋里,并把它放在她的书 桌上。后来,打开了试卷后,老师问我呆在房间里,当所有其他的学生被驳回。只要我们都独自她开始跟 我谈什么意思要长大 ;她谈到,站在自己的两个脚上和对自己的行为应负责任 (负责任) 是如何重要。 For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized the fact that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I would think seriously about all the things she had said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she had chosen to talk to me about all those things. Later on, I found out that she thought I had cheated on the test. When she saw me lean over to talk to the girl next to me, it looked as if I was copying answers from the girl‘s test paper. I tried to explain about the pen, but all she could say was it seemed very very strange to her that I hadn‘t talked of anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. Even if I tried to explain that I was just doing the girl a favor by letting her use my pen, I am sure she continued to believe that I had cheated on the test. 很长时间,她谈到诚信,并强调的事实,当人 们做某事不诚实,他们真的在骗自己。她让我承诺我会认真思考所有的事情她所说的,然后她告诉我可能 会让。我走出了房间,不知道她为什么选择我谈论所有这些事情。后来我发现她是想我了考试作弊。当她 看到我身子去跟我旁边的女孩时,看起来好像抄袭的女孩试卷的答案。我试着解释一下笔,但她可以说它 似乎非常很奇怪她我没讲什么笔的天,她跟我测试后,便是所有。即使我试图解释我只在做这个女孩帮个 忙,让她用我的笔,我肯定她继续相信我骗了测试。 1. The story took place exactly ____ . A. in the teacher‘s office B. in an exam room C. in the school D. in the language lab 2. The girl wanted to borrow a pen, because ____ . A. she had not brought a pen with her B. she had lost her own on her way to school C. there was something wrong with her own D. her own had been taken away by someone。 3. The teacher saw all this, so she asked the boy ____ . A. to go on writing his paper B. to stop whispering C. to leave the room immediately D. to stay behind after the exam 4. The thing(s) emphasized in her talk was(were) ____ . A. honesty B. sense of duty C. seriousness

D. all of the above

5. The boy knew everything ____ . A. the moment he was asked to stay behind B. when the teacher started talking about honesty C. only some time later D. when he was walking out of the room 1.故事了放置完全 ___。在老师的办公室在语言实验室 2 学校 D.考试室 C.B.A.。这个女孩想借一支笔, 因为 ___。 A.她不带来一支笔与她失去了她对她自己去上学了 C.有她 B.东西毛病她自己 D.她自己已被带 走的 someone。3.教师看到了这一切,所以她问男孩 ___。A.要继续写他的文件 B.停止耳语 C.离开房间 立即 D.4 考试后留下。她强调 thing(s) 谈找 ___。A.诚信 B.义务 C.严重性 D.所有上述第五感。男孩知 道一切 ___。A.要他去当老师开始谈诚信 C.B.后面留的时刻只有一些时间以后 D.当他走出房间时 1-5 B C D A C Passage 27

Upon reaching an appropriate age (usually between 18 and 21 years), children are encouraged, but not forced, to ―leave the nest‖ and begin an independent life. After children leave home they often find social relationship and financial support outside the family. Parents do not arrange marriages for their children, nor do children usually ask permission of their parents to get married, Romantic love is most often the basis for marriage in the United States; young adults meet their future spouses (配偶) through other friends, at jobs, and in organizations and religious institutions, Although children choose their own spouses, they still hope their parents will approve of their choices. 一达到适当的年龄 (通常介乎 18 岁至 21 岁) ,儿童是鼓励,但不是强迫,"离巢",并开始 独立的生活。儿童离家后他们往往发现在家庭以外的财政支持与社会的关系。父母做不安排其子女的婚姻 也不做儿童通常问他们的父母结婚的权限,浪漫的爱情是最常在美国 ; 婚姻的基础年轻成年人满足其未 来的配偶 (配偶) 通过其他的朋友,在工作岗位,并在组织和宗教机构,虽然儿童选择自己的配偶,他 们仍希望他们的父母会批准他们的选择 In many families, parents feel that children should make major life decisions by themselves. A parent may try to influence a child to follow a particular profession but the child is free to choose another career. Sometimes children do precisely the opposite of what their parents wish in order to assert their independence. A son may deliberately decide not to go into his father‘s business because of a fear that he will lose his autonomy in his father‘s workplace. This independence from parents is not an indication that parents and children do not love each other. Strong love between parents and children is universal and this is no exception in the American family C 在 许多家庭中,父母觉得儿童应自行作出重大生活决定。父可能尝试影响儿童要遵循特定的专业,但儿童是 自由选择另一个职业生涯。有时孩子们做的却恰恰相反的父母所愿为维护其独立性。儿子可能故意决定不 走到他父亲的生意因为害怕他将失去他的自主权在他父亲的工作场所。这种独立性从父母不是父母和儿童 做不爱对方指示。 强爱之间父母和儿童是普遍, 这是美国家庭中的没有异常 Coexisting 与美国家庭中这种 爱是自我 — — 依赖与独立的文化价值观。 oexisting with such love in the American family are cultural values of self – reliance and independence. 1. The writer discusses the marriage of young adults in order to show which of the following? A) They enjoy the freedom of choosing their spouses. B) They want to win the permission of their parents. C) They have a strong desire to become independent. D) They want to challenge the authority of their parents. 2. Most young adults in the U.S. get married for the sake of ____. A) love B) financial concern C) their parents D) family background 3. Based on the passage, it can be assumed that ______. A) American young adults are likely to follow the suit of their parents B) most American people never make major decisions for their children C) American young adults possess cultural values of independence

D) once a young person steps into his twenties, he will leave his home permanently 4. A son is unwilling to work in his father‘s business mainly because _____. A) he wishes to make full use of what he has learnt in school B) he wants to prove his independence C) he wishes to do the opposite of what his parents approve of D) he wants to show his love for his parents 5. The subject matter of this selection is _____. A) family values B) marriage arrangements C) the pursuit of a career D) decision making 1.本文作者讨论结婚的年轻成年人为了显示下列哪?A) 他们享有自由地选择他们的配偶。B) 他们想要 赢得他们的父母的许可。C) 他们有成为独立的强烈愿望。D) 他们想要挑战他们的父母的权威。2.最年 轻成年人在美国结婚为 ___。A) 爱 B) 金融关注 C) 他们的父母 D) 家庭背景 3。基于通道,它可以 假定该 ___。A) 美国年轻成年人都可能会效仿他们的父母 B) 大多数美国人永远不会作出重大决定,为 子女 C) 美国年轻成年人拥有文化价值观的独立性 D) 一旦一个年轻的人进入并单步他二十多岁,他将 离开他的家永久 4。 儿子不愿在他父亲的公司工作, 主要是因为 ____。 他希望充分利用他在学校 B 已 A) 学会) 他想证明他的独立性 C) 他希望做 opposit. 答案:CACBA Passage27 Now let us look at how we read. When we read a printed text, our eyes move across a page in short jerky movement. We recognize words usually when our eyes are still when they fixate. Each time they fixate, we see a group of words. This is known as the recognition span or the visual span. The length of time of which the eyes stop — the duration of the fixation — varies considerably from person to person. It also varies within any one person according to his purpose in reading and his familiarity with the text. Furthermore, it can be affected by such factors as lighting and tiredness. Unfortunately, in the past, many reading improvement courses have concentrated too much on how our eyes move across the printed page. As a result of this misleading emphasis on the purely visual aspects of reading, numerous exercises have been devised to train the eyes to see more words at one fixation. For instance, in some exercises, words are flashed on to a screen for, say, a tenth or a twentieth of a second. 现在让我们看看我们如何阅 读。当我们阅读打印的文本时,跨页短忽动忽停的运动中移动我们的眼睛。通常当我们的眼睛仍然是他们 注视时,我们认识到的单词。他们注视,每次我们看到一组词语。这称为识别 span 或在可视范围。其中 眼睛停留的时间长度 — — 的固定持续时间 — — 而异大大从人到人。它还内任何一个人根据他的阅读 和他熟悉文本的目的不同。此外,它可以照明和疲劳等因素的影响。不幸的是,在过去,许多读改进课程 有太多对我们的眼睛在打印页上移动如何集中。由于此误导强调阅读的纯粹的视觉方面,制定了大量练习 的眼睛,看到更多的单词,在一个固定的培训。例如,在一些练习,字闪现到屏幕上的说、 第十届或二 十的...... One of the exercises has required students to fix their eyes on some central point, taking in the words on either side. Such word patterns are often constructed in the shape of rather steep pyramids so the reader takes in more and more words at each successive fixation. All these exercises are very clever, but it‘s one thing to improve a person‘s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently. Reading requires the ability to understand the relationship between words. Consequently, for these reasons, many experts have now begun to question the usefulness of eye training, especially since any approach which trains a person to read isolated words and phrases would seem unlikely to help him in reading a continuous text. 练习之一具有所需的学生要上一些中央点,考虑在两侧单词修复他们的眼睛。这类词模式往往会在相当陡 峭金字塔的形状建造,所以读者需要更多和更多的单词,在每个连续的固定在。所有这些练习是很聪明, 但它是一件事改善一个人的能力,看到单词和另一件事来改善他高效地阅读文本的能力。阅读需要理解单 词之间的关系的能力。因此,基于这些原因,许多专家现在开始质疑眼培训,特别是因为任何办法,训练 一个人要读孤立的单词的有用性和短语似乎不大可能来帮助他在阅读一个连续的文本中。 1. The time of the recognition span can be affected by the following facts except ________ . A. one‘s familiarity with the text

B. one‘s purpose in reading C. the length of a group of words D. lighting and tiredness 2. The author may believe that reading ______. A. requires a reader to take in more words at each fixation B. requires a reader to see words more quickly C. demands a deeply-participating mind D. demands more mind than eyes 3 What does the author mean by saying ―but it‘s one thing to improve a person‘s ability to see words and quite another thing to improve his ability to read a text efficiently.‖ in the second paragraph? A. The ability to see words is not needed when an efficient reading is conducted. B. The reading exercises mentioned can‘t help to improve both the ability to see and to comprehend words. C. The reading exercises mentioned can‘t help to improve an efficient reading. D. The reading exercises mentioned has done a great job to improve one‘s ability to see words. 4. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The visual span is a word or a group of words we see each time. B. Many experts began to question the efficiency of eye training. C. The emphasis on the purely visual aspects is misleading. D. The eye training will help readers in reading a continuous text. 5. The tune of the author in writing this article is ________ A critical B neutral C pessimistic D optimistic 1.识别范围的时间可以受除 ___ 以下的事实。 A.熟悉的文本阅读的一组单词 D.照明和疲劳 2 长度的 C.B. 一个人的目的。 作者可能相信这读 ___。 A.需要读者采取更多的单词, 在每个固定 B.要求读者看到更快 C. 要求深参加头脑 D.要求更介意比眼睛 3 什么作者意思说"但它是一回事, 改善一个人的能力, 看到单词和 另一件事来改善他高效地阅读文本的能力。 "字中的第二段吗?A.看到单词的能力, 则不需要进行高效阅读 时。B.阅读练习提到不能帮助改善以查看并理解词语的能力。C.阅读练习提到不能帮助提高有效的阅读。 D.提到阅读练习做了伟大的工作,改善一个人的能力,看看......

1-5 C C


Passage 28

Imagine you are a citizen of Athens, enjoying a warm Mediterranean night in the Theater of Herodes Atticus. You are wearing jeans and a T-shirt, listening to a great concert. Now rewind this picture 1,839 years. You are in the same seat, only you are watching classical Greekentertainment and wearing a simple chiton, or tunic. The city of Athens is a fun mix of the old and the new, the classic and the modem. Often a little shop is located next to the rains of a temple, which is only a block from a large, air-conditioned hotel. The great city of 2,500 years ago is still visible today. Ruins are the most obvious sign of ancient Athens, and the most famous of these is the Acropolis. The Acropolis is a large hill that was the center of life in Athens. On its slopes were temples, monuments, and theaters. From the top, you can see how the urban sprawl (扩展,延伸) of Athens stretches out in every direction. 想象你是一个公 民的雅典,享受温暖的地中海夜空中 Herodes 迪克剧场。你穿牛仔裤和 t 恤衫,听一场伟大的音乐会。 现在这张图片倒带回溯 1839 年。你是坐在同一座位,只有你是看古典 Greekentertainment 和穿着简单宽 大长袍或是不拘小节。雅典城是一个有趣组合旧的和新的、 经典的调制解调器。往往小商店座落于一座 庙,这是从大型的、 空调的酒店只有一个街区的雨水。2500 年前的大城市今天仍然可见。废墟是古代雅 典,最明显的标志和最著名的例子是雅典卫城。雅典卫城是大型的山,是在雅典生活的中心。在山坡上的 寺庙、 古迹和电影院。从顶部,你可以看到雅典城市蔓延 (扩展、 延伸) 如何伸展在每个方向。 On the top of the Acropolis is the Parthenon. This was once a huge temple to Athena, the city's patron. It was first

completed in 432 B.C., but has been damaged and destroyed several times. However, visitors can still see the "tricks" used in building the Parthenon. The columns along the outside lean inward, and are slightly fatter in the middle. The temple is also higher in the middle than on the sides. All these effects make the Parthenon look perfectly straight from a distance. Only a block away from the Acropolis is the neighborhood of Plaka. The area, with its little shops and restaurants, is very popular with both tourists and locals, and is an important part of modem Athenian culture. Many great thinkers, writers, and political leaders lived in ancient Athens. The ruins of their homes and favorite spots are scattered throughout the busy port city. The hill where St. Paul addressed early Christian Athenians is located near the Acropolis. Great thinkers such as Perikles and Demosthenes spoke to the civil assemblies held at the Pnyx Hill. Today the Pnyx is an open-air theater for light and sound shows. 雅典卫城的顶部是帕台农神庙。 这一次是到城市的保护神雅典娜,庞大的寺院。它于公元前 432 年,第一次完成,但被损坏和毁坏几倍。 然而,游客仍然可以看到用于构建帕台农神庙的"技巧"。外沿列向内,倾斜,并在中间是稍胖。也比中间, 两边是高庙。所有这些效果使帕台农神庙从远处看上去非常直。仅从雅典卫城块是附近的 Plaka。领域, 其小小的商店和餐馆,是游客和当地人,很受欢迎,调制解调器雅典文化的重要组成部分。许多伟大的思 想家、 作家和政治领导人住在古代雅典。废墟的家园和最喜欢的景点都散布在繁忙的港口城市。在圣保 禄信早期基督教雅典人山位于雅典卫城附近。如 Perikles 和 Demost 的伟大思想家...... Greeks still use some ancient sites, such as the Pnyx and the Theater of Herodes Atticus. During Roman times, in 76 A.D., gladiators (角斗士) used the Panathenaic Stadium for contests. The Olympics were held there in 1896, and today people still jog and exercise in the stadium. Tourism is very important to people who live in modem-day Athens. Thousands of people come every year to see these ruins and to tour the many museums that house artifacts from ancient times. This provides many jobs and brings money into Athens, which helps the city pay for improvements. Athenians take pride in the accomplishments of their ancestors, and people from all around the world come to admire them. By looking around the city today, we can imagine what life was like in ancient Athens. 希腊人仍然使用一些古代的网站, 如 Pnyx 和 Herodes 迪克剧场。在古罗马时期,公元 76 年,角斗士 (角斗士) 用于竞赛的雅典体育场。 奥运会 1896 年,在那里举行了,今天人们仍然慢跑和行使在大球场。旅游业是对住在调制解调器天雅典 人非常重要的。成千上万的人来每年以查看这些废墟,并游览许多的博物馆,房子从远古时代的文物。这 提供了许多就业机会,钱带入雅典,这有助于改善支付的城市。雅典人的祖先,成绩感到自豪,人们从世 界各地来佩服他们。由今天环顾这座城市,我们可以想象什么人生就像古代雅典。 1. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT about the city of Athens? A. The culture of the city is a mixture of the old and modem. B. Traces of the ancient city can still be found. C. Ruins and modem hotels co-exist in the city. D. All the temples are not far away from air-conditioned hotels. 2. Which tourist attraction was ancient Athens most famous for? A. Plaka. B. Acropolis. C. Pnyx. D. Parthenon. 3. According to the context, "tricks" in Paragraph Five refer to A. mischievous acts. B. confusing constructing skills. C. skillful constructing methods. D. constructing materials. 4. The writer mentioned all the following benefits of tourism in Athens for Athenians EXCEPT A. offering job opportunities to Athenians. B. enriching Athenians by providing accommodation for tourists. C. enabling Athenians to improve the infrastructures. D. making Athenians proud of their ancestors. 5. What is the best title for the passage? A. Tourism in Athens. B. Athens: Then & Now. C. Historic Interests in Athens. D. The Magic of Ancient Athens. 1.下列陈述中哪约雅典城是不正确的?A.城市的文化是一种旧的混合物和调制解调器。B.仍然可以找到痕 迹的古老城市。C.废墟和调制解调器酒店并存在城市。D.所有寺庙,不很远的地方都是从空调酒店方面。 2.哪些旅游胜地是古代雅典最出名的?A.Plaka。B.雅典卫城。C.Pnyx。D.巴台农神庙。3.根据的情况下,"

欺骗"段五指 A.淘气行为。B.令人困惑的是构建技能。C.熟练的施工方法。D.构建材料。4.本文作者提到 除外 A.为雅典人提供就业机会的雅典人在雅典旅游的所有以下好处。B.通过为游客提供居所而丰富雅典 人。C.使雅典人改善基础设施。D.使雅典人骄傲的祖先。5.什么是通过最佳的标题?A.在雅典的旅游。B. 雅典: 那时 & 现在。C.历史感...... 答案:DBCDB Passage29

Until the 1980s, the American homeless population comprised mainly older males. Today, homelessness strikes much younger part of society. In fact, a 25-city survey by the U. S. Conference of Mayors in 1987 found that families with children make up the fastest growing part of the homeless population. Many homeless children gather in inner cities; this transient(变化无常的) and frequently frightened student population creates additional problems — both legal and educational — for already overburdened urban school administrators and teachers. Estimates of the number of homeless Americans range from 350,000 to three million. Likewise, estimates of the number of homeless school children vary radically. A U.S. Department of Education report, based on state estimates, states that there are 220,000 homeless school-age children, about a third of whom do not attend school on a regular basis, But the National Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are at least two times as many homeless children, and that less than half of them attend school regularly. 直到 80 年代,美国无家可归人口组 成主要是老年男性。今天,无家可归罢工社会的很多年轻的一部分。事实上,在 1987 年美国市长会议 25 城市调查发现有子女的家庭组成的无家可归的人口增长最快的一部分。许多无家可归的孩子们聚集在城市 内部 ;此 transient(变化无常的) 和经常害怕的学生人口创建额外的问题 — — 法律和教育 — — 已经 负担过重的城市学校行政人员和教师。无家可归的美国人范围从 35 万人到 300 万的人数的估计。同样, 无家可归的学校儿童人数的估计大的差别。基于状态的估计,美国教育部报告指出有 220,000 无家可归的 适龄入学儿童,约三分之一的人没有上学定期,有至少两倍多的无家可归者志的无家可归者估计,但全国 联盟...... One part of the homeless population that is particularly difficult to count consists of the “throwaway” youths who have been cast of their homes. The Elementary School Center in New York City estimates that there are 1.5 million of them, many of whom are not counted as children because they do not stay in family shelters and tend to live by themselves on the streets. Federal law, the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987, includes a section that addresses the educational needs of homeless children. The educational provisions of the McKinney Act are based on the belief that all homeless children have the right to a free, appropriate education. 在无家可归的人口中尤其是难以计数 的一个部分由包含"被抛弃"的青少年, 他们投出的自己的家园。 在纽约城的小学中心估计目前有的 150 万 的他们,因为他们不留在家庭住所,倾向于由自己流落街头,很多人都不计为儿童。联邦法律,斯图尔特 B.McKinney 无家可归援助法 》 1987 年, 包括一个部分, 涉及无家可归的儿童的教育需要。 McKinney 行 为的教育规定基于所有无家可归的儿童有一个免费的、 适当的教育权的信念。 1. It is implied in the first paragraph that ____. A) the writer himself is homeless, even in his eighties B) many older homeless residents are going on strike in 25 cities C) there is a serious shortage of academic facilities D) homeless children are denied the opportunity of receiving free education 2. The National Coalition for the homeless believes that the number of homeless children is _____. A) 350,000 B) 1,500,000 C) 440,000 D) 110,000 3. One part of the homeless population is difficult to estimate. The reason might well be ____. A) the homeless children are too young to be counted as children B) the homeless population is growing rapidly C) the homeless children usually stay outside school D) some homeless children are deserted by their families 4. The McKinney Act is mentioned in this passage in order to show that ___. A) the educational problems of homeless children are being recognized B) the estimates on homeless children are hard to determine C) the address of grade-school children should be located D) all homeless people are entitled to free education

5. The passage mainly deals with ____. A) the legal problems of the homeless children B) the educational problems of homeless children C) the social status of older males D) estimates on the homeless population 1.它隐含在第一段,___。A) 作家本人是无家可归,甚至在他 的八十年代 B) 很多旧无家可归居民都在 25 C) 有 D) 无家可归的儿童被剥夺接受免费教育 2 的机会的 学术设施严重短缺的城市要罢工。为无家可归者全国联盟认为无家可归的儿童人数是 _____。A) 350,000 B) 1,500,000 C) 440,000 D) 110,000 3。无家可归的一个部分是人口的难以估计的。原因可能是 ____。 A) 无家可归的孩子们是太年轻,不能算作 B) 无家可归的人口迅速增长的儿童 C) 无家可归的儿童通常 呆 D) 一些无家可归的儿童被遗弃的家人 4 学校以外。为了显示这 ___ 文章中提到了 McKinney 法 》 。 A) 无家可归儿童的教育问题正在认识到,B) 的估计上无家可归的儿童很难确定... 答案:C C D A B Passage 30

I heard many parents complaining that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching at one another‘s hands for reassurance. They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up huddled round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon into a larger cocoon. 我听到很多家长抱怨他们十几岁的孩子造反。但愿它是这样。在你这个年龄,你应该从你的父母 在增长。你应学会站在自己的脚上。但好看看目前的叛乱。看来青少年正在采取相同的方式显示他们不同 意他们的父母。剔除大胆地对他们自己,而其中大多数在其他人的手再次获得保证希望落空。他们声称, 他们想要当他们请穿衣服。但他们都穿同样的衣服。他们在音乐的新方向出发。但他们都以某种方式最终 挤圆听相同的记录。其原因思维或中因此这般行事的一种方式是人群它这样做了。他们到更大的茧来束缚 自己。 It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a teenage market. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. And many of today‘s parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don‘t care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come with the people who respect you for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts. 它变得更困难和十几岁的反抗的普及浪潮,和去他或她自己的方法更难。行业坚定地开创了 一个少女的市场。每个青少年可以从广告学什么这些天十几岁应该有和会。许多今天的父母来奖为其子女 的受欢迎程度很高的评分。所有这一切构成了一个巨大的障碍为青少年想要找到他或她的路径的人。但值 得上方攀登的屏障。 值得以下的路径。 您可能想要听听古典音乐而不是去参加聚会。 您可能想要收集岩石, 当其他人都收集的纪录。您可能你不在乎一次分享给你的同学的几点思考。嗯,请转到它。发现自己。做 你自己。受欢迎程度将会出现的人尊重你你是。这是唯一真正有价值的受欢迎程度的种类。 1.What does the phrase ―stand on your own feet‖ mean(Para. 1)? A. Learn to walk by yourself B. Live by yourself C. Without the help of others D. Stand on the floor with bare feet 2.Which is not the barrier for the teenagers to walk their own path? A. The influence of advertisement B. Parents‘ high award for the popularity C. Children have no money to live their lives D. The development of the teenage market 3.What is the main idea of the last paragraph? A. Teenagers should find and be themselves

B. Teenagers should follow the true popularity C. You should do whatever you want without taking others into consideration D. There is no popularity that really counts 4.Which of the following is true according to the passages? A. Teenagers should behave differently from their parents in order to show their rebellion. B. It‘s reasonable to listen to the same music and wear the same clothes for teenagers C. Only disagreeing with their parents can teenagers show their independence. D. Only should find his real self, rather than follow the so-called popularity. 5.What‘s the author‘s attitude in this passage? A. Critical B. Approval C. Disapproval D. Objective 1.一句"你自己脚上的立场"意味着 (第 1 段) 什么?A.了解自己 B.活走 C.未经他人 D.站在赤裸的双脚 2.用地板上的帮助,哪个不是青少年要走自己的道路的障碍?A.广告 B.父母的高奖 C.儿童普及的影响却 没有钱住他们的生命 D.发展的少女市场 3.最后一段的主要想法是什么?A.青少年应查找,并将自己 B. 青少年应该遵循的真正普及 C.你应该做什么都可以不考虑他人到审议 D.有没有真的计数 4.下列哪些是 对通道的知名度?A.青少年应该从他们的父母不同合作,为了显示他们的反叛。B.它是合理地听同样的音 乐和青少年 C.穿同样的衣服只有不同意他们的父母可以青少年展示他们的独立性。D.只有 sh......


Passage 31

I don't ever want to talk about being a woman scientist again. There was a time in my life when people asked constantly for stories about what it's like to work in a field dominated by men. 1 was never very good at telling those stories because truthfully I never found them interesting. What I do find interesting is the origin of the universe, the shape of space-time and the nature of black holes. At 19, when I began studying astrophysics, it did not bother me in the least to be the only woman in the classroom. But while earning my Ph.D. at MIT and then as a post-doctor doing space research, the issue started to bother me. My every achievement—jobs, research papers, awards— was viewed through the lens of gender (性别) politics. So were my failures. Sometimes, when I was pushed into an argument on left brain versus (相对于) right brain, or nature versus nurture (培育), 1 would instantly fight fiercely on my behalf and all womankind. 以往,我不想谈 一谈再次被一位女科学家。有一段时间在我的生活中当人们问不断,故事它是什么像在由男性主导的领域 工作。1 永远不是很擅长讲那些故事,因为如实我从未找到他们有趣的。我觉得有趣的是起源宇宙、 时 空的形状与黑洞的性质。19,在开始学习天体物理学,它不屑我至少要在教室里唯一的女性。但同时赚取 我博士在麻省理工学院, 然后作为博士后做空间研究, 开始问题来找我的麻烦。 我的每一个成就 — — 作 业、 论文、 奖励 — — 性别 (性别) 政治的角度来看待。所以,我的失败。有时,当我被推到一个参数 与 (相对于) 的右脑,左的脑或自然与培育 (培育) 上,1 将立即凶猛战斗上代表我和所有的女性。 Then one day a few years ago, out of my mouth came a sentence that would eventually become my reply to any and all provocations: I don't talk about that anymore. It took me 10 years to get back the confidence I had at 19 and to realize that 1 didn't want to deal with gender issues. Why should curing sexism be yet another terrible burden on every female scientist? After all, 1 don't study sociology or political theory. Today I research and teach at Barnard, a women's college in New York City. Recently, someone asked me how many of the 45 students in my class were women. You cannot imagine my satisfaction at being able to answer, 45. I know some of my students worry how they will manage their scientific research and a desire for children. And 1 don't dismiss those concerns. Still,1 don't tell them "war" stories. Instead, I have given them this: the visual of their physics professor heavily pregnant doing physics experiments. And in turn they have given me the image of 45 women driven by a love of science. And that's a sight worth talking about. 然后一天, 几年前, 从我口中来最 终将成为我的答覆任何和所有挑衅的一句话: 不要再作出谈论。我花了 10 年,以取回我当时有 19 的 信心,实现 1 不想处理性别问题。为什么固化的性别歧视现象应尚未对每个女性科学家的另一个可怕负 担?毕竟,1 不学习社会学或政治理论。今天我研究和巴纳德,在纽约城的女子学院任教。最近,有人问 我,我班的 45 学生中,有多少是妇女。你不能想象我能够回答,45 的满足感。我知道我的学生的一些 担心,他们将如何管理他们的科学研究和儿童的愿望。1 别忽略了这些关切。仍然,1 不要告诉他们"战 争"的故事。相反,我已赐给他们这: 他们大量怀孕做物理实验的物理学教授的视觉。他们反过来给我 45 由驱动的妇女的形象...... 1. Why doesn't the author want to talk about being a woman scientist again? A. She feels unhappy working in male-dominated fields.

B. She is fed up with the issue of gender discrimination. C. She is not good at telling stories of the kind. D. She finds space research more important. 2. From Paragraph 2,we can infer that people would attribute the author's failures to_______ A. the very fact that she is a woman B. her involvement in gender politics C. her over-confidence as a female astrophysicist D. the burden she bears in a male-dominated society 3. What did the author constantly fight against while doing her Ph.D. and post-doctoral research? A. Lack of confidence in succeeding in space science. B. Unfair accusations from both inside and outside her circle. C. People's stereotyped attitude towards female scientists. D. Widespread misconceptions about nature and nurture 4. Why does the author feel great satisfaction when talking about her class? A. Female students no longer have to bother about gender issues. B. Her students' performance has brought back her confidence. C. Her female students can do just as well as male students. D. More female students are pursuing science than before. 5. What does the image the author presents to her students suggest? A. Women students needn't have the concerns of her generation. B. Women have more barriers on their way to academic success. C. Women can balance a career in science and having a family. D.Women now have fewer problems pursuing a science career. 1.为什么作者不想谈一谈再次被一名女科学家?A.她不快乐在男性主导的领域工作。B.她已经厌倦了性别 歧视的问题。C.她不擅长讲故事的那种。D.她发现空间研究更重要。2.从第 2 段,我们可以推断出人民将 属性作者的失败 to___ A.她是一个女人 B.她参与性别政治 C.她作为女性的天体物理学家 D.负担过度自 信,她在男性主导的社会 3 负有这一事实。什么作者不断斗争同时做博士和博士后研究?A.缺乏信心在 空间科学中取得成功。B.不公正的指责,从这两个内部和外部她的圈子。C.人的女性科学家的定型的态度。 D.性质和培育 4 普遍误解。为什么作者不会感到十分满意,当谈论她的课?A.女学生不再具有对 bot...... 1-5 B A C D C Passage 32 You‘d think Pauline Hord would have served her time by now. After all, she recently celebrated her 90th birthday, and by the time she achieved that breathtaking milestone, she‘d already done a 10-year stretch in the Mississippi State Prison. Ms. Hord is a sweet-natured, gentle-talking, white-haired Southerner who never owed a debt to society---thus, she never had to pay one. So you have to wonder what a woman like this is doing in a place where most people are itching to get loose. Unlike the rest of the population, Ms. Hord goes to prison freely and eagerly. And when she gets there, she coaxes (劝诱)prisoners of every stripe to sing little ditties(小调)about their ABCs and XYZs. At age eighty, Ms. Hord began teaching convicts to read during a chance visit to the State Prison with a lawyer friend. ―When I got there, I heard that a group of volunteer workers had been praying for a teacher. They asked me if I could come and I said I would be trilled,‖ she says. ―We don‘t preach,‖ she says. But on a personal level, Ms. Hord considers this rewarding work. ―If you get at the reason why these men went into the crime, you find that none of them succeeded in their early years of schooling. ―They went to school at 5 believing they were going to learn to read. When didn‘t learn in the first or second grade, they realized something was wrong. ―By 8, they were having problems. By 12 or 13, they were drinking or using drugs. ―And it‘s getting worse. I‘m seeing younger and younger prisoners who know less and less. They can‘t read well enough to function in this society.‖ It is this situation that Ms. Hord goes to prison week after week to correct.

And when her most difficult students finally begin to read, she is sure that she, too, knows why the caged birds sing. 1. Ms. Hord goes to prison eagerly to _____. A. sing songs for the prisoners B. teach the prisoners to read C. pray for the prisoners D. make friends with the prisoners 2. Judging from the context, ―itching‖ (Line 2, Para. 4) most probably means_____. A. eager B. willing C. reluctant D. afraid 3. According to Ms. Hord, the root of crimes lies in _____. A. racial discrimination B. poor living condition C. lack of proper education D. addiction to alcohol or drug 4. Which of the following statements can be inferred from the text? A. Many people volunteered to join Ms. Hord in her work. B. Most of the prisoners had no desire to learn as a child. C. Ms. Hord found some prisoners impossible to teach. D. Ms. Hord took up her volunteer job by chance. 5. Ms. Hord regarded her job as _____. A. valuable B. unique C. interesting D. tough 答案:1—5BDDDC Passage 33

Emotions are an essential part of our nature and may be either helpful or destructive depending on how we deal with them. Daniel Goleman, author of Emotinonal Intelligence, contends that emotional intelligence, or EQ, is more important than IQ in a person‘s ability to be successful and happy. It‘s widely known that emotions can empower people or drive them up a wall. When you can‘t get through that special someone, your emotions tie you up in knots and you feel powerless. Getting a handle on those feelings, then being able to use alternative behaviors, is the beginning of EQ. We all have emotions --- even your partner, who appears stone-faced and unruffled by crisis. Identifying a specific emotion at the time you‘re having it is the basis of EQ. Take jealousy, for example. Remember that time your partner spent so much extra time with that tall blonde at your best friend‘s party? When you mentioned it, he got angry and yelled: ―You are always so jealous! You have to learn to trust me.‖ He made you feel so foolish- like an insecure little girl --- and you vowed you would never be jealous again. It doesn‘t work that way. Jealousy is only a symptom, and trust isn‘t the issue. Fear is. Until you figure out what you‘re afraid of, you‘ll find yourself on that merry-go-round again and again. So sit down and analyze why you feel so fearful about the attentions your significant someone shine on sultry (性感的) sisters. Some fears are obvious. Will he find someone else more attractive? If he finds someone more attractive, will he leave you? If he leaves you, what will you do? We stay in unhappy or destructive relationships and jobs for far longer than is emotionally healthy because we fear change. And we don‘t trust ourselves to make the right decision. Goleman says emotionally literate people have learned how to express their emotions at the right time and place and in the right way. They are also aware of how their emotions affect others, keeping the focus on cooperation instead of competition or compliance. 1. According to the author, just as emotions can empower people, they can also_____. A. make people crazy B. prevent a person from jumping high C. help people find the person they are looking for D. increase a person‘s physical strength 2. ______ is the root of jealousy. A. Selfishness B. Fear C. Lack of confidence

D. Lack of trust

3. Judging from the context, ―you will find yourself on the merry-go-around again and again‖ (Line 2, Para. 6) most probably means ______. A. you will attend your friend‘s party frequently B. you will dance with your partner all the time

C. you will repeatedly find yourself in that kind of situation. D. you will always feel happy so long as you don‘t know what you are afraid of 4. Which of the following statements is not a characteristic of emotionally literate people? A. They can express their emotions appropriately B. They are considerate of other‘s feelings C. They prefer to cooperate than compete with others D. They tend to do anything at the request of other people 5. From what is said in the passage, it can be concluded that ______ A. bad emotions might bring about disasters in one‘s life B. EQ is as important as IQ in a person‘s ability to be successful C. sometimes it is because of money that we don‘t quit unhappy jobs D. all of us tend to lose control of our emotions regardless of any consequences



Passage 34

Scientific experiments can sometimes go wrong and when they do the results may range from the disastrous to the troubling. One such experiment took place in South America about fifty years ago. Whether its final consequences will cause serious damage or nothing more than a small trouble still remains to be seen. The story began in 1956 when an American scientist working in Brazil decided to solve the problem of increasing the productivity of that country's bees. He imported a very active type of African bee from Tanzania and mated it with the more easy-going native variety to produce a new kind of bees. The new bees worked harder and produced twice as much honey. It seemed that Professor Kerr, for that was the scientist's name, had a total success on his hands. Then things began to go wrong. For some reason as yet unseen, but perhaps as a result of something in their environment, the new bees began to develop extremely attacking personalities. They became bad-tempered and easy to be angry, attacked the native bees and drove them from their living places. But worse was to follow. Having taken over the countryside, the new bees, with their dangerous stings, began to attack its neighbors ----- cats, dogs, horses, chickens and finally man himself. A long period of terror began that has so far killed a great number of animals and about 150 human beings. This would have been bad enough if the bees had stayed in Brazil. But now they are on the move, heading northwards in countless millions towards Central and North America, and moving at the alarming speed of 200 miles a year. The countries that lie in their path are naturally worried because it looks as if nothing can be done to stop them. 1. The experiment mentioned in this passage was designed to_______. A. increase the amount of honey in Brazil B. make Brazilian bees more easy-going C. increase the number of bees in Brazil D. make African bees less active 2. Which of the following may be the cause of the new bees‘ attacking personalities? A. Their production of honey. B. Their hard work. C. Their living environment. D. Their bad temper. 3. The new bees began to attack their neighbors when ______. A. they became very active B. they drove all the native bees away C. other creatures try to get their honey D. they were hungry 4. The last paragraph implies that ______. A. the bees have been driven to Central and North America B. the bees may bring about trouble in more countries C. the bees must be stopped from moving north D. the bees prefer to live in Brazil

5. What is the main idea of this passage? A. Cross-bred bees began to change their personalities because of the changing environment. B. Scientific experiments may produce both positive and negative effects. C. If a scientific experiment goes wrong, it may cause troubles or even disasters. D. New bees with changed personalities began heading towards Central and North America.

1-5. A C B B C
Passage 35 When did you last see a polar bear? On a trip to a zoo, perhaps? If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These ―Polar Bears‖ are people who meet frequently in the winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the air temperature was 3℃, and the water temperature was a bit higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group, this is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February. Doctors do not agree about the medical effects of cold-water swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body's temperature drops so low that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and water temperature is much greater in summer than in winter. The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits (or advantages) of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and should not try cold-water swimming. The main benefits (or advantages) of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim year-round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says: ―When I go into the water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away.‖ 1. The members of the Polar Bear Club must meet the following requirements except that_____. A. they should be easy to make friends with B. they must swim outdoors at least 8 times in the four cold months C. they must agree to swim outdoors from November through February D. they must reach the age of 60 2. Doctors _____. A. encourage people to take part in cold-water swimming actively B. point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming C. believe swimming is helpful both in winter and in summer D. have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming 3. According to the passage, some doctors believe that _____. A. you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue B. cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter C. cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high D. Polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water 4. The Polar Bears like to swim all the year round, because _____. A. they want to remain young B. it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter C. they find it enjoyable and interesting D. they might meet fewer troubles in life 5. The passage is mainly about _____. A. a group of cold-water swimming lovers B. the Polar Bears‘ life in New York C. doctors‘ ideas about cold-water swimming D. the requirements of the Polar Bear Club



Passage36 If it was once the case that there were no second acts in American lives, there are now not only second acts but third, fourth, and fifth ones. This is not entirely unhealthy: The belief that one shouldn’t be judged by one’s worst mistakes revives (恢复) careers that might otherwise have ended. Thus, Sergio Zyman rebounded from the failure of New Coke to lead the company to great success and landed on the cover of Fortune in a story headlined, ―So You Fail. Now Bounce Back!‖ That story put a new spin on screwing up: ―If you haven‘t failed yet, you probably will. And for the benefit of your career, you probably should.‖ Sometime in the 1990s, though, the notion of failure as the necessary preface to success reached its falling phase. In this, Hollywood led the way. When the movie Showgirls was not successful in theaters, its distributor, MGM, decided to actively sell it as a bad movie, arranging midnight shows stocked with drag queens (男扮女装的男同 性恋者) shouting the film’s lines back at the screen. The notion of shame in failure came to be seen as old-fashioned, and the “redemption” (补救) phase of a comeback grew shorter and shorter until it disappeared entirely. As Hugh Grant taught us, no matter how bad one‘s misconduct, one can earn forgiveness through a modest chat on a national talk show. Similarly, Bob Dole didn‘t enter a Nixonian retreat after his political defeat—he soon entered his new role as a salesman, poking (戳,捅) gentle fun at his own inability to win. The 1990s cultivation of an appreciation for failure was ideally timed since the 2000s have made failure epidemic. Failure is not merely more common than success these days, it‘s also more interesting. 1. The best title that fits this passage is ________________. A. How to turn failure into success B. Failure is the new success C. Failure should be avoided D. Don‘t be afraid of failure 2. What does ―put a new spin on screwing up‖ in Para. 1 probably mean? A. To get the car moving. B. To tighten the parts of the car. C. To turn failure into success. D. To speed up the process of success. 3. ―In this, Hollywood led the way?‖ (Para. 3) Here, ―this‖ refers to ___________. A. how to make first-class movies B. failure is no longer necessary to success C. how to resell the unsuccessful movies D. failure is actually a necessary part of success 4. What did Hugh Grant and Bob Dole tell us about failure? A. One shouldn‘t be ashamed of one‘s failure. B. One should feel ashamed of one‘s failure. C. The notion of shame in failure is up-to-date. D. Failure is an embarrassing thing. 5. According to the author, failure _____________. A. was predominant in 1990s B. can also be fun C. is less common than success D. spread to the internet 1-5 . B C D A B Passage 37

Between about 1910 and 1930, new artistic movements in European art were making themselves felt in the

United States. American artists became familiar with the new art on their trips to Paris and at the exhibitions in the famous New York gallery (美术馆) “219” (named after its address on Fifth Avenue) of the photographer Alfred Stiegliz. But the most important in the spread of the modern movements in the United States was the Armory Show of 1913 held in New York, in which the works of many of the leading European artists were seen along with the works of a number of progressive American painters. Most of the American modernists who were influenced by the Armory Show found the city landscape, especially New York, an appealing subject. Compared with the works of the realist painters, the works of American modernists were much further removed from the actual appearance of the city; they were more interested in the ―feel‖ of the city, more concerned with the meaning behind appearance. However, both the painters of the ―Ash Can School‖ and the later realists were still tied to nineteenth-century or earlier styles, while the early modernists shared in the international breakthroughs of the art of the twentieth century. The greatest of these breakthroughs was Cubism (立体派) developed most fully in France between 1907 and 1914, which brought about a major revolution in Western painting. It fought against and changed the rational tradition that had been built upon since the Renaissance (文艺复兴). In Cubism, natural forms were broken down into shapes. No longer was a clear difference made between the figure and the background of a painting: the objects represented and the surface on which they were painted became one. The Cubists abandoned the conventional point of view, and objects depicted from multiple viewpoints were shown at the same time. 1. With what topic is the passage primarily concerned? A. The comparison between various painters. B. The greatest breakthroughs of the Armory Show. C. The exhibitions in the famous New York gallery. D. The modern art movement in the United States. 2. What was the most important in the spread of modern movements in the US? A. The photographer Alfred Stiegliz. B. The famous New York gallery 219. C. The Armory Show of 1913 in New York. D. The exhibitions of art in Europe. 3. In what aspect did New York attract the modernists? A. The exhibitions in shows. B. The appearance of the city. C. The feel of the city. D. The galleries of modern art. 4. What great breakthrough brought about a significant revolution in Western painting? A. Cubism. B. The Ash Can School. C. The Armory Show. D. Modernism. 5. What are unified in the art of the Cubists? A. The traditions of modern and Renaissance art. B. The figures in the foreground and background. C. The natural forms of different shapes. D. The viewer and the views he sees the art from. 1-5 D C CAB Passage 38 Someday a stranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the Websites you‘ve visited. Or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchase or cell phone bills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits. In fact, it‘s likely some of these things have already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permission? It might be a spouse, a girlfriend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen — the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked.

Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it’s important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs (碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simple cannot keep a secret. The key question is: Does that matter? When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losing it. A survey found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is ―slipping away, and that bothers me.‖ But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths (收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can track automobile movements. And few turn down supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist Alessandro Acquisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Social Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon (优惠券). But privacy does matter – at least sometimes. It‘s like health: When you have it, you don‘t notice it. Only when it‘s gone do you wish you‘d done more to protect it. 1. What does the author mean by saying ―the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked‖ (Lines 3-4, Para.2)? A) People‘s personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge. B) In the 21st century people try every means to look into others‘ secrets. C) People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age. D) Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology. 2. What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends? A) Friends should open their hearts to each other. B) Friends should always be faithful to each other. C) There should be a distance even between friends. D) There should be fewer disputes between friends. 3. Why does the author say ―we live in a world where you simple cannot keep a secret‖ (Line 5, Para.3)? A) Modern society has finally evolved into an open society. B) People leave traces around when using modern technology. C) There are always people who are curious about others‘ affairs. D) Many search engines profit by revealing people‘s identities. 4. What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection? A) They change behaviors that might disclose their identity. B) They use various loyalty cards for business transactions. C) They rely more and more on electronic devices. D) They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it. 5. According to the passage, privacy is like health in that ________. A) people will make every effort to keep it B) its importance is rarely understood C) it is something that can easily be lost D) people don‘t cherish it until they lose it 1-5 A C B Passage 39 D D

The January fashion show, called Future Fashion, exemplified how far green design has come. Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines. The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges. Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to fine. ―Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren‘t comparable fabrics that can just replace what you‘re doing and shat your customers are used to,‖ he says. For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once woven into a dress. But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents. Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs(企业家) who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at

least 25% sustainable . It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago. This week Wal-Mart is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic: it will buy transitional(过渡型的) cotton at higher prices , thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material . “Mainstream is about to occur,” says Hahn. Some analysts(分析师) are less sure . Among consumers, only 18%are even aware that ecofashion exists, up from 6% four years ago. Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer, when asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied: ―Not that I‘m aware of.‖ Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she‘s on the hunt for ―cute stuff that isn‘t too expensive.‖ By her own admission, green just isn‘t yet on her mind. But –thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers –one day it will be. 1. What is said about Future Fashion? A) It inspired many leading designers to start going green. B) It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far. C) It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized. D) It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable. 2. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that A) much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials . B) they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials . C) customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials . D) quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available . 3. We learn from Paragraph 3 that designers who undertake green fashion . A) can attend various trade shows free . B) are readily recognized by the fashion world C) can buy organic cotton at favorable prices . D) are gaining more and more support . 4. What is Natalie Hormilla‘s attitude toward ecofashion? A) She doesn‘t seem to care about it. C) She is doubtful of its practical value. B) She doesn‘t think it is sustainable D) She is very much opposed to the idea 5. What does the author think of green fashion? A) Green products will soon go mainstream. B) It has a very promising future. C) Consumers have the final say. D) It will appeal more to young people. 1-5 A D D A B Passage40 Memory, they say, is a matter of practice and exercise. If you have the wish and really make a conscious effort, then you can quite easily improve your ability to remember things. But even if you are successful, there are times when your memory seems to play tricks on you. Sometimes you remember things that really did not happen. One morning last week, for example, I got up and found that I had left the front door unlocked all night, yet I clearly remember locking it carefully the night before. Memory ―tricks‖ work the other way as well. Once in a while you remember not doing something, and then find out that you did. One day last month, for example, I was sitting in a barber shop waiting for my turn to get a haircut, and suddenly I realized that I had got a haircut two days before at the barber shop across the street from my office. We always seem to find something funny and amusing in incidents caused by people's forgetfulness or absent-mindedness. Stories about absent-minded professors have been told for years, and we never get tired of hearing new ones. Unfortunately, however, absent-mindedness is not always funny. There are times when ―tricks‖ of our memory can cause us great trouble. 1. If you want to have a good memory, _______. A. you should force yourself to remember things. B. you should make a conscious effort of practice and exercise. C. you should never stop learning. D. you should try hard to remember things. 2. Which of the following statements is true? .

A. One night the writer forgot to lock the front door. B. One night the writer forgot having locked the front door. C. The writer remembered to lock the front door. D. The writer remembered unlocking the front door. 3. In the passage, the writer seems to tell you _____. A. forgetting things is serious and dangerous B. always forgetting things is understandable C. forgetting things at times is natural D. the ways to protect yourself from memory ―tricks‖ 4. The word ―absent-mindedness‖ (2nd line in the last paragraph) means _____. A. forgetfulness B. happiness C. sorrow D. pleasure 5. The best title of the passage is _____. A. How to Get a Good Memory B. ―Tricks‖ of Memory C. Forgetfulness and Absent-mindedness is Dangerous D. Get Rid of Absent-mindedness 1-5 B A C A B Passage 41 One day in 1754, a man went to the market in Florence, Italy, and bought some meat. The shopkeeper wrapped the meat in a piece of paper and the man took it home. When he unwrapped the meat, he was surprised to see some old writing on the paper. This man was in charge of the public library, so he knew a lot about old books and old writing. He realized that the paper was a page of scientific notes. "Only one man wrote like that," the librarian said to himself. "It was Galileo who wrote these notes!" Who was Galileo? Galileo was a famous Italian scientist. He was a man of ideas, but he was also a man of action. He made many experiments in order to find out more about the earth and the universe. Galileo believed that scientists should not only sit in universities and talk about theories, they should also make practical experiments and learn from the results. Galileo wrote down notes of all the experiments he made. After Galileo's death in 1642, Viviani, one of his students, collected the notes together and put them into his own library. However, when Viviani died, nobody looked at Galileo's notes any longer. For many years, people forgot about them. The librarian hurried back to the market and asked the shopkeeper where he had got the paper from. The shopkeeper led him to the house where he bought the paper from. In the house, the librarian found many more of Galileo's notes. The family gave them to him. In this way, a large number of important notes about Galileo's experiments were saved. 1. The librarian got Galileo's notes from ________. A) the butcher B) Viviani C) a family living in Viviani's house D) the market near Viviani's house 2. Which statement about Galileo is NOT true? A) He was full of ideas. B) He did a lot of experiments. C) He was an Italian. D) He gave his notes to Viviani. 3. Which statement about Viviani is NOT true? A) He kept Galileo's notes. B) He was Galileo's student. C) He passed on the notes to his daughter. D) He was as famous as Galileo. 4. After Viviani's death, the notes _______. A) were given to one of his friends B) were left somewhere in his library C) were lost D) lost its value 5. It can be inferred from the story that _______. A) the family was unaware that they had Galileo's notes

B) the librarian bought the notes C) Viviani gave the notes to the family D) the shopkeeper informed the librarian of the notes 1-5 A D C B A Passage 42

The World Health Organization has released a report about how disease weakens the economies of poor countries. For years, people believed that good health is a direct result of strong economic development. However, this study suggests the opposite is true. It says that strong economic development is an important result of improved health. An international committee of economists and experts in public health and policy carried out the study. Some people say the study is the most complete examination to link financial aids in health care to economic growth. The study calls for a large increase in foreign aid for health care services in developing countries. In the world‘s richest countries, total spending for health care for each person is almost $2,000 a year. However, in the world‘s poorest nations, spending on health care for each person is only $13 a year. The WHO says this amount should be increased to $38 a year for each person by 2015. The money would help poor nations provide treatment for diseases. It would also provide babies with important health care early in life. Jeffrey Sachs of Harvard University led the study. He says about eight million lives could be saved each year if the richest nations increased spending on health care in developing countries. In addition, Mister Sachs says more than fifty of the world‘s poorest countries would have a chance to improve the living and economic conditions for their people. The report also provides new information about how AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria affect economic growth in developing countries. The researchers suggest 8,000 million dollars be provided each year to help fight these diseases. The WHO plans to send the study to many officials around the world including heads of state, ministers of finance, health and trade, members of national parliaments and non-governmental organizations. It says the report is a valuable guide for future international health programs, policies and financing. 1.What relationship is there between economy and health according to the passage? A. Disease weakens the economies of rich countries. B. Health has little effect on the economies of rich countries. C. Disease results in weak economies. D. Good health results from strong economic development. 2. If spending on health is increased in developing countries, the following will come true except that __________________. A. eight million lives will be saved B. people in the poorest countries will have enough money for their living C. fifty poor countries will improve their living conditions D. economic conditions will be improved in the poorest countries 3. Spending on health care for each person in the world‘s poorest countries in 2015 is _________ at present. A. the same as that B. about twice as much as that C. about three times as much as that D. about four times as much as that 4. The study will be sent to all the following except ______________. A. members of non-governmental organizations and ministers of health B. ministers of finance and members of national parliaments C. ministers of trade and heads of state D. members of international health programs 5.Which of the following is not mentioned in this passage? A. Health care for babies in poor countries has improved. B. Total spending for health care is higher in rich countries than in poor ones. C. If the richest countries gave financial aids to developing countries, many lives could be saved. D. This report will be sent to many officials around the world.


CB CDA Passage43

After practicing as a surgeon for several years, Dr.Gean decided to apply for membership in the American College of Surgeons, a highly selective and distinguished professional organization. As part of the application procedure, Dr. Gean was asked to prepare a list of all the operations performed in the previous seven years. Slowly, as she worked on the long list, she began to feel uncertain. She began to question some of her decisions. Had she used the best technique in that case? Maybe in this case, she should have run one more test before operating? On the other hand, maybe she should have…. Would the doctors on the selection committee understand that, as the only trained surgeon in the area, she usually could not get advice from others and therefore, had to rely completely on her own judgment? For the first time, Dr. Gean felt lonely and isolated. The longer Dr. Gean worked on the application forms, the more depressed she became. As hope faded, she wondered if a ―country doctor‖ had a realistic chance of being accepted by the American College of Surgeons. 1. Dr. Gean was working in A. a large city B. the American College of Surgeon C. an area far from any big city D. a selective organization 2. The application forms must include A. the decision procedure B. a record of all the operations C. the best technique D. a list of advice 3. It was most probable that Dr. Gean was A. a member in that organization B. a well-trained surgeon C. a graduate from the American College of Surgeons D. a distinguished surgeon in America 4. When she was filling the application forms, Dr.Gean began to be A. realistic B. distinguished C. perplexed D. decisive 5. When filling the forms, Dr.Gean felt depressed because A. she didn‘t perform enough operations B. some operations were unsuccessful C. she didn‘t get advice from the selection committee D. she was doubtful about her operations 1—5 CBBCD

Passage 44 Whole life is permanent insurance protection that protects you for your whole life, from the day you purchase the policy until you die, as long as you pay the premiums(保险费). Whole life can be a solid foundation. Upon this foundation you can build a long-term financial plan, because it guarantees lifetime protection for your family or business. Whole life insurance provides basic insurance protection, plus Mortgage protection, Estate preservation, Retirement funding, Charitable giving, Business needs. A life insurance agent will help you determine an amount of insurance needed to protect your family or business in the event of your death. Generally after the first year, the policy begins to increase cash value. The amount of cash value in your policy usually increases every year. This money can be used to help purchase a home, fund a child's education, add to retirement income, or for any other purpose. You may also choose to leave it in the policy and allow it to grow. A whole life policy can earn dividends. Dividends are determined by the company' s board of directors each year and are not guaranteed. When a dividend is payable, you may choose to take it in cash, use it to buy more insurance or to pay or reduce your premiums. When you die, the company will pay your beneficiaries the death benefit, usually the face amount of the policy plus any dividend. This money is generally received by the beneficiaries free from income tax. 1. What is whole life insurance? A) It's permanent insurance protection from the day you were born until you die. B) It's permanent insurance protection that protects you for your whole life, from the day you buy it until you die. C) It's insurance protection for your whole family members.

D) It's income protection insurance. 2. What can whole life insurance do for you? A) It only provides basic insurance protection. B) It provides Mortgage protection and Estate preservation. C) It offers Retirement funding, Charitable giving, Business needs. D) It not only offers basic insurance protection, but also provides Mortgage protection, Estate preservation, Retirement funding, Charitable giving and Business needs. 3. According to the passage, who will help you determine an amount of insurance needed? A) A life insurance agent. B) Nobody except yourself. C) Your family members. D) Your lawyer. 4. The word“policy”in the fifth paragraph probably means ________. A) 政策 B) 保险 C) 彩票 D) 策略,方法 5. When you die, the death benefits of your life insurance will ________. A) be lost B) be paid to your beneficiaries C) be possessed by the insurance company D) will be given to the government 1—5 BDABB Passage 45 The failed Skylab will come screaming home to earth in disappointment sometime next month. But it will fall we know not where. That precise information is beyond even the calculations of scientists and their computers. The best they can tell us is that the space station, weighing 77 tons and as high as a 12 story building, will break into hundreds of pieces that will be scattered across a track 100 miles wide and 4,000 miles long. We are again exposed to one of those unexpected adventures, or misadventures, of science that attracts our attention from the boring routines of daily existence and encourages us to think a lot about man‘s future. What worries Richard Smith, the Skylab‘s director, is the ―big pieces‖ that will come through the atmosphere, Two lumps, weighing 2 tons each, and ten, weighing at least 1,000 pounds each, will come in at speeds of hundreds of miles an hour and if they crash on land they will dig holes up to 100 feet deep. What worries us, with our lack of scientific knowledge and our quick imagination, is both the big and little pieces, although project officials say there is a very small chance that anyone will be injured by them. That‘s good to know, but it doesn‘t remove the doubts of the millions who still remember the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island. That accident took place in 1979 in spite of what the officials had assured us as to the safely of the nuclear reactor. 1. Where the Skylab will fall? A) is kept secret B) has been made public C) has been predicted by scientists D) can‘t be predicted even by computers 2. According to the passage, what does an incident such as the failed Skylab lead us to do? A) Not to believe in officials. B) To think about our future. C) Has been predicted by scientists. D) To fear for our lives. 3. The author suggests that ________. A) the danger of the Skylab‘s fall has been overestimated B) it‘s useless to worry over things you can‘t do anything about C) the danger of the Skylab‘s fall has been underestimated D) computers can solve the problem caused by the broken Skylab

4. The author refers to Three Mils Island ________. A) because he is doubtful about what the officials said B) because he fears that a piece of the Skylab may strike a nuclear power plant C) because he is afraid of the use of nuclear power D) because the nuclear reactor there and the Skylab were both built by the same company 5. This passage is mainly about the author‘s ________. A) interest in the failure of the Skylab B) willingness to give his advice C) eagerness to see more new scientific discoveries D) concern that science cannot answer all questions。 1—5 DDABC

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