2012-2013学年第一学期宝安区期末调研测试卷 I．语言知识及应用（共两节。满分45分） 第一节 完形填空（共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） Like individual animals, animal species (种类) are also dying out. Biologists say that until the 18th century, one spe
cies __1__ from the Earth every four years. By the 19th century, this had __2__ to one species per year. By 1975, it was 1,000 species per year, and today animals are disappearing at the __3__ rate of more than 4,000 species per year. Most species are __4__ by their habitats’ being polluted and destroyed, and this is caused by __5__ activities. In the many factors (因素) that make species __6__, the biggest goes to the fact that people destroy the water and land of where the animal and plant species live. For example, when we need more fields for crops, we cut more trees, and thus __7__ are disappearing, and animals find nowhere to live. Another cause is the __8__ and uncontrolled hunting of animals. We have very high __9__ for animals for food and medicine. For example, the hunting of whales has resulted in great loss in the number of whales; the price of the rhinoceros horn (犀牛角) is so __10__ that people kill the animals even though it is against the law. Introducing a non-native species to an environment can also cause species endangerment. A __11__ species is one that develops naturally in a particular area, and has done so for a long time. A non-native species might be introduced into a __12__ environment, and cause a disaster to the native species after it __13__ settles down. Some international organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund try to __14__ people’s awareness of threatened animals and plants. To make sure that we and the future generation enjoy good __15__ of lives, we must protect plant and animal species now and in the future. 1．A．moved B．disappeared C．came D．developed 2．A．increased B．led C．happened D．fallen 3．A．exciting B．satisfying C．interesting D．shocking 4．A．caused B．separated C．threatened D．forced 5．A．nature B．animal C．human D．government 6．A．endangered B．disliked C．increased D．protected 7．A．grasslands B．forests C．mountains D．rivers 8．A．uncertain B．unimportant C．unreasonable D．unfair 9．A．degree B．level C．demand D．quality 10．A．high B．large C．lovely D．expensive 11．A．foreign B．strange C．special D．native 12．A．bad B．new C．rich D．good 13．A．successfully B．terribly C．directly D．recently 14．A．help B．change C．draw D．raise 15．A．joy B．quality C．purpose D．wealth 第二节 语法填空（共10小题；每小题1．5分，满分15分） A millionaire is putting people to the test by handing out ￡1,000 to those he comes across. So far, he ___16___ (give) away ￡100,000 to different people. This “Mr. Lucky” is from London, in his late ___17___ (thirty), with the look of everything but ___18___ millionaire. He earned his fortune working for an insurance company abroad, and quit the job last year because of ___19___ (realize) that he had more money ___20___ he knew what to do with. He booked a flight into space, ___21___ was his childhood dream, but later gave ___22___ up after a conversation with his friends. He thought he should be more generous to people and share more ___23___ (responsible) for society. “I decided to give away ￡1,000 every day. All I’d ask is that they’d do something positive ___24___ the cash.” But how does he know the money will be put to good use? “I leave it ___25___ them,” he said with childlike enthusiasm. “Sometimes you have to just believe in people.” 第二卷 III． 词汇（共22题，每题1分，共22分） 第一节 单词拼写。根据下列句子的意义和中文提示写出相应的单词。（每小题1分，共11分） 1．They were preparing for the final exam. ______ (与此同时), they were planning for their first overseas holiday.
2．I wish you good luck to be admitted to your ______ (理想的) university. 3．The editor asked me to write an article about the new world tennis ______ (冠军). 4．To understand the story better, he looked into the ______ (背景) in which it happened. 5．He ______ (闲逛) up and down the street and felt rather bored. 6．With her ______ (外向的) personality, it was easy for him to fit in with the new community. 7．______ (显然), the audience was captured by his enthusiastic speech. 8．I was forced to ______ (签字) the agreement against my will. 9．Though the ______ (结构) of your article needs improving, the language is quite good. 10．The company needs lots of ______ (模特) for the fashion show. 11．There will be a big party and a parade as ______ (庆祝) for winning the game. 第二节 词形转换。将括号里所给的词变形成句子所需的形式。（每小题1分，共11分） 12．On Monday he handed in an ______ (apply) for a higher position. 13．It’s quite ______ (polite) to speak loudly on public occasions. 14．What’s the real reason for your ______ (absent) from the meeting? 15．The new _____(type) is a very quick person, for she finishes her every task so quickly. 16．Compared with kids, adults usually lack ______ (imagine). 17．Make sure your ______ (behave) is suitable for the school environment. 18．The most important is that you speak ______ (confidence) in front of the audience. 19．He is such a ______ (gift) singer that he writes all the songs he sings. 20．A happy ______ (marry) depends largely on giving and taking. 21．Bananas will become very sweet as they ______ (ripe). 22．After cheating others for a few times, he was thought to always be a ______ (lie). IV．翻译（共6小题，每小题3分，共18分） 翻译下列各句，必须使用括号内所给的词语和要求来完成句子翻译。 23． 英国英语和美国英语有很多的共同之处， 所以一个英国游客在美国旅游不会遇到什么困难。 （in common; get around） __________________________________________________________________________ 24．他说的话对我产生了极大的影响。在那之前，我以为一切事情都是理所当然。（have…effect on） __________________________________________________________________________ 25．在公元八世纪，很多外国人生活在中国——一个当时被认为是世界上最富裕的国度。（which引导的定语从句） __________________________________________________________________________ 26．教授注意到一个特别的学生，他对美国政治特别关心。（who引导的定语从句；concerned） __________________________________________________________________________ 27．每当我在动物园，我都要去和那只叫做Richard Parker的老虎打个招呼。（whenever） __________________________________________________________________________ 28．幸亏有他的帮助，这个地方交通事故的死亡人数已经下降了。（death toll; fall; 现在完成时） __________________________________________________________________________
V．基础写作（共1小题，满分15分） 你要向某杂志的“Friendship”专栏投稿，并以此来纪念你和好友Tom之间的友谊。 【写作内容】 姓名 年龄 性格 相识 共同的兴趣爱好 值得回忆的事 期待 Tom 长我1岁 虽然有时有点固执，但总体上对人体贴、宽容 9年前，他家搬来我家隔壁 画画、阅读、各种体育运动 1、一起做兴趣相投的事，度过快乐的童年时光； 2、初中毕业时，即将各自到另外的城市上学，十分难过 不论相隔多远，都是一生的挚友 **固执的：stubborn
【写作要求】 用5句话表达表格内的所有内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Module 1 British and American English Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．Young people are usually c______________to the rising sun. 2．Humans d______________from other mammals in their ability to speak. 3．It was o________________to everyone that Jim was lying. 4．She can’t stand other girls making rude r__________________about her. 5．The products that cannot come up to the s________________have been picked out. 6．The laws have been__________________(简化)to shorten the process of divorce. 7．Your bike is__________________(相似的)to the one that I have just bought. 8．Professor Li gave us a most __________________(令人费解的)lecture and most of us failed to understand it. 9．All the people____________________(出席的，在场的)were satisfied with his answer. 10．I suggest that you should buy a dictionary for__________________-_(参考)． 一、本单元重要词汇： 词组： 与……有相同之处 有影响与……相似 导致、通向 赞成、有利于 称……为多亏了，因为 做某事有困难 在……方面有区别 宁愿做某事 毕竟、终究 和……观光、四处走动 对……有影响 企图做某事 把 A 换成 B 二. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空 1. At first, the government had great difficulty in (persuade) people to leave their hometown. 2. She suggested (put) the meeting off, for we haven’t got fully prepared for it. 3. (compare) the heart to a pump, he helped the children to understand its function. 4. The green bicycle (belong) to the postman. Don’t take it away. 5. What he said was so (confuse) that I was (confuse) at his words. 三. 单词拼写 1. He didn’t work hard all the term. So it’s o that he can’t pass the final examination. 2. The teacher gave no r to Tom’s composition, and left the classroom without a word. 3. In order to resist against the earthquake, the s of the building has been red-signed in common. 4. She s on her bedside lamp and tried to read. 5. As we all know Mao Zedong has a strong Hunan a . 6. The male birds have (与众不同的) black and white marks on their heads. 7. In English the spelling of words doesn’t always (代表) the sound. 8. She is an excellent (语言学家) known all over the world. 9. You should do more and try your best to （影响）him.
10. I went to the bookstore yesterday and bought a (参考) book. 11. He speaks with a strong southern _____(口音). 12. Children are always _______(比作) to flowers in the garden. 13. He waited for the _______(宣告) of the result of the competition with bated breath. 14. Alcohol has a very ________(与众不同的) smell; it's quite different from the smell of wine. 15. The English in this story has been ________(简化) to make it easier to understand. 16. Indeed, there are many ________(明显的) advantages to a five-day week. 17. Chinese ________(不同) greatly from Japanese in pronunciation. 18. His character is a _________(结合) of strength and kindness. 19. Keep this dictionary for ________(参考、查阅). 20. His attitude to the matter is really ________(难懂的). Module 2 同步练习 根据所给单词的汉语释义或首字母提示，写出各句中所缺单词的正确形式。 1. The company asked the a_____ to work out the cost of the product . 2. I saw many young people standing outside the company a____ for the job. 3. When I was in trouble, she often o______ to help me find a solution to the problem. 4. Nowadays many college students v______ to go to the west after graduation. 5. When we are making a phone call, the telephone changes our voice into electrical s______ 6. The mountain here is very s_______ with many cliffs . 7. When a movie is shot, all the actors are d______ by the chief director. 8. A man once had an_______(邂逅) with a tiger in the forest. 9. Now she is working hard to become a ______(合格的) doctor. 10. So far people can not build p______(长久的) buildings on the moon. 11. I find my work not easy and sometimes________(充满压力的)。 12. I came to this conclusion just by_______(推断)，not by facts. 13. If you do well here , your contract can be r________. 14. In the library, you can find books _______(可获得的) for you to read. 15. Every day we meet people with different ________(个性)。 III .单词拼写： 16. What the students need is not only the ________(智力的) education. 17. I always had my hair cut at the ________(理发师). 18. We want some ________(志愿者) to help paint the house. 19. I used to take a ________(深刻的) interest in the study of the history of Tang Dynasty. 20. It was a bloody ________(遭遇战) between the two armies. 21. He was sent to Washington on a diplomatic(外交的)_________(使命). 22. They are all ________(临时的) workers from the rural areas. 23. I'm under ________(合约) to teach here for one year. 24. What is your __________(固定的) address? 25. The company managed to satisfy the workers' ________(要求) for more money.
M1 短语 有相同之处 毕竟 拿 A 和 B 比较 摆脱。 。 。 过着。 。 。的生活 总计共达 把。 。 。称为。 。 。 试图做某事 以。 。 。最著名
有影响 习惯于做某事 把 A 比作 B 通过 与。 。 。相处 帮某人一个忙 属于 随着。 。 。的发展 标准的参考书
与。 。 。相似 做某事有困难 和。 。 。比起来 confuse A wirh B 捡起、学会 既然 多亏、由于 来自世界各地 代表
排队 引起、导致 对。 。 。困惑 与。 。 。不同 到目前为止 目前 同意、支持 毕业于
词形变换 differ simple
combine communicate 平均 实际上 满足某人的要求 慢慢来，不急着 接管 申请 常识 对。 。 。产生影响 经过 给某人提供某物 轻松点 请假一天 谋生 可能做
M2 短语 状况好 尤其 认为。 。 。理所当然 理论上 注意到 对。 。 。感到满意 show respect ______ sb. 自尊 某人正要做某事，就在这时 呈现 在。 。 。流利 盼望 挣钱 有望 受折磨 词形 satisfy direct tradition usual adventure person indust
qualify survive health
apply important society