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2014三维设计 高考一轮复习 英语 (山东专版) 课时跟踪检测(二十三) Life in the future


课时跟踪检测(二十三) Life in the future

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.—Was he of great help to you while you were in Singapore? —________, but I appreciate his offer. A.Not likely C.Not nearly B.Not exactly D.N

ot willingly

2.(2012· 天津六校三模)For years, scientists have been worried about the ________ of air pollution on the earth's natural conditions. A.effect C.account B.result D.cause

3.—Just a minute, Miss White, our glasses have been________. —Oh, sorry, they look like the same, and I am so careless. A.switched C.broken 4.—When shall we meet again? —Make it any day you like; it's all ________ to me. A.alike C.suitable 5.—Is the mountain still in ________ sight? —Yes, but we will lose ________ sight of it once we turn the corner. A.the; 不填 C.不填; the B.the; the D.不填; 不填 B.the same D.familiar B.stolen D.robbed

6.(2013· 临川二中高三模拟)Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a ________ of exercise. A.limit C.need B.lack D.demand

7. (2013· 杭州市第二次质量检测)Everything will be all right. We must never stop taking a(n) ________ attitude towards life. A.understanding C.relaxed B.opposite D.optimistic

8.Published in 1974, the book was a(n) ________ success and was soon translated into thirteen foreign languages. A.constant C.confident B.instant D.innocent

9.(2013· 青岛高三统一质检)________ by the sun, they headed towards their destination through the woods. A.Guiding C.Guide B.Guided D.To guide

10.(2013· 浙江省六校联盟第一次联考)In an interview, don't say anything negative about your current employer — it gives a bad ________. A.attitude C.decision B.experience D.impression

11.A thought suddenly came to Carl ________ he could use the sport he loved to raise awareness of important global issues. A.that C.why B.what D.how

12.(2013· 秦皇岛模拟)When I got home, it flashed ________ me that I had forgotten to lock the door. A.upon C.at B.in D.with

13.To tell you the truth, everyone, including me, won't ________ your selfishness and rudeness. A.fasten C.suffer B.press D.tolerate

14.(2013· 烟台四校联考)Helen always helps her mother even though going to school ________ most of her day. A.puts up C.saves up B.takes up D.makes up

15.Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ________ sight matters more than hearing. A.when C.which Ⅱ.阅读理解 Astonishingly, 26 million Britons will be obese by 2030, placing a huge pressure on health services, according to studies published on Friday highlighting the growing global obesity B.whose D.where

problem. Based on present trends, obesity rates in Britain will rise from 26 percent to 41—48 percent in men, and from 26 percent to 35—43 percent in women over the next two decades. By 2030, as many as 11 million more British adults will be obese and 3.3 million of them will be aged over 60.

The resulting cost burden on health services could be as much as £2 billion per year, according to the research published in The Lancet medical journal. In the US the prediction is even worse, with 50—51 percent of American men and 45—52 percent of American women expected to be obese by 2030, adding as many as 65 million to the country's population of obese adults. The study, led by Claire Wang of Columbia University in New York and Klim McPherson of Oxford University, says that medical costs will surge,_given obesity's links with diabetes, cancer, heart disease and strokes. “The combined medical costs associated with treatment for these preventable diseases are estimated to increase by $48—66 billion per year in the US and by £ 1.9—2 billion per year in the UK by 2030,” it says. McPherson said politicians are shying away from settling the problem for fear of being criticized. “I think they do ‘get’ it but they don't know what to do with it, and they don't think it's their responsibility,” he said. Today, around 1.5 billion adults are overweight and a further 0.5 billion obese, with 170 million children classified as overweight or obese. Dealing with obesity takes up between two and six percent of healthcare costs in many countries. In the study, the researchers traced the problem to the 1970s and 80s, and related it to a rise in food consumption and a more sedentary (久坐的) lifestyle. 1.What can be learned from Paragraph 1 ? A.26 million Britons are suffering from obesity nowadays. B.Obesity rates in British women and men are the same nowadays. C.By 2030, about eleven million adults will be obese in Britain. D.Most obese people will be aged over 60 by 2030. 2.The underlined word “surge” in Paragraph 4 probably means “________”. A.appear suddenly C.refuse bravely B.increase quickly D.develop independently

3.In McPherson's opinion, politicians ________. A.are more likely to be obese B.have nothing to do with the obesity problem C.should make more efforts to solve the obesity problem D.have more detailed information about the obesity problem

4.According to the passage, the study ________. A.focused mainly on the situation in the US

B.hasn't been published C.has caused more and more people to care about their health D.researched into the history of the problem 5.In which part of a newspaper are we most likely to read the passage? A.Education. C.Health. Ⅲ.书面表达 (2013· 山东实验中学高三一模)假如你是李越,准备给在美国留学的同学 Sam 发个邮件, 介绍学校的百年校庆活动并谈谈你的感受。内容须包括下列要点: 1.校园装扮一新(鲜花、红地毯、彩旗、条幅等); 2.近 6000 校友参会,包括三位科学院院士; 3.盛大晚会(10 月 24 日); 4.你的感受。 注意:1.词数 120~150;邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 2. 参考词汇: 百年校庆 the celebration of the 100th anniversary of our school 条幅 banner 科学院院士 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 校友 alumni (pl.) Dear Sam, Haven't heard from you for a couple of days! How is everything with you there now? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Yue B.Science. D.Politics.

答 案 课时跟踪检测(二十三) Ⅰ.1.选 B 考查交际用语。由答语中的“but I appreciate his offer”可知,对我来说,他不 完全有帮助意义,故 B 项正确。 2.选 A 句意:许多年来,科学家们一直担心空气污染对地球的自然环境带来的影响。 effect“影响”;result“结果”;account“叙述;账目”;cause“原因;事业”。根据句意

及 on 可知此处为 effect。 3.选 A 由答语可以看出,说话者要表达的意思为“我们的玻璃杯对调了”。所以选 switch“交换”。 4.选 B all the same“完全一样”,符合句意。 5.选 D 考查 sight 短语。句意:“还看得见山吗?”“是的,但是一旦转过拐角,我 们就看不它了。”in sight “在视野之内”;lose sight of“看不见”,这两个短语中无任何 的介词。 6.选 B 句意:健康问题与不良的饮食习惯和缺乏锻炼息息相关。根据句意,所表达 的应是“缺乏”的意思。limit “限制”; need “需要”; demand “需求”。故选 B。 7.选 D 考查形容词辨析。句意:一切都会好的,我们对生活永远都要采取乐观的态 度。 8.选 B 由 soon 可知,这本书一出版即获成功,故选 instant“立即的;即刻的”。 constant“连续不断的”;confident“自信的”;innocent“清白的”。 9.选 B guide (指引)与 they 之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故选 Guided。 10 .选 D 根 据语意 “说 现任雇 主的坏 话会给面 试者留 不下好 的印象 ” ,故 选

impression“印象;感觉”。attitude“态度”;experience“经历”;decision“决定”。 11.选 A that 引导同位语从句,说明 thought 的具体内容。故选 A。

12.选 A 考查固定句型。It flashed upon sb. that ...为一常用句型,意为“某人突然想 到??”。 13.选 D 考查动词词义辨析。句意:说实话,包括我在内的每一个人都不能忍受你的 自私和粗鲁。tolerate (doing) sth.“忍受??”,符合句意。 14.选 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:海伦总是帮助母亲,虽然上学占据了她一天中的 大部分时间。 take up“占据(时间)”, 符合句意。 up “举起”; save up “储蓄”; make put up “编造”。 15.选 D 考查定语从句。从句 sight matters more than hearing 修饰前面的先行词 an activity,从句中缺少状语,结合语意选 where。 Ⅱ. 语篇解读: 最新研究发现英国和美国的肥胖人口在接下来二十年将增至新高, 为医 疗保健事业带来更大的压力。 1.选 B 细节理解题。从第一段的“obesity rates in Britain will rise from 26 percent to 41 -48 percent in men, and from 26 percent to 35-43 percent in women over the next two decades.”可知 B 项正确。 2.选 B 词义猜测题。从第五段的描述可知肥胖人口的增加会导致医疗费用上升,故 这个词应该指增加的意思。

3.选 C

推理判断题。从第六段的“McPherson said politicians are shying away from

settling the problem ...”可知 McPherson 认为政客们应该多做些什么。 4. D 细节理解题。 选 从最后一段的“In the study, the researchers traced the problem to the 1970s and 80s”可知 D 项正确。 5.选 C 推理判断题。文章主要讲述的是人们的肥胖问题和随之产生的医疗问题,最 有可能出现在“健康”栏目中。 Ⅲ.参考范文: Dear Sam, Haven't heard from you for a couple of days! How is everything with you there now? Fancy what I am going to tell you today! These days we have been high and excited for the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the school which took on a new look before the grand ceremony.With the campus decorated with fresh flowers, a red carpet was rolled out for the celebration.Not only were huge banners hanging outside the school buildings, but also colorful flags and balloons were seen flying high against the blue sky. The school band was standing at the gate, playing sweet melody to welcome the arrival of the guests. About 6, 000 alumni, including three academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, came back for the big occasion. On Oct. 24, we held a big evening party on the school playground, singing, dancing and cheering! Just fantastic! As a student of Xiaoshi High School, I really take pride in our school. Therefore, I should cherish the opportunity of being able to study here. I am sure I can live up to the expectations of our school and bring some glory to our school in the future. What about you? Yours sincerely, Li Yue


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