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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比


高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

要求学生从正反两个方面来论证某一观点,对这类题型,审题时注意: 体裁:说明文 时态:一般现在时 人称:第一、三人称 第一段:文章开头,总述事件或情况 第二段:阐述提纲中列举的第一种看法,给出理由或者举例说明: 主题句+理由/举例 1+理由/举例 2+理由/举例 第三段:阐述提纲中列举的另一种看法,给出理由或者举例说明:

主题句+理由/举例 1+理由/举例 2+理由/举例 第四段:表明自己的观点结束全文(在结尾的时候,一定要表明自己的观点。 ) 文章构思:①.提出问题 ②.不同观点的对比 ③.说明自己的观点 表示不同观点的套语: 1. 总起:a ①.Different people hold / have different opinions. ②.Opinions are divided. ③.People have different opinions on this problem. ④.People take different views on this question. ⑤.People have taken / adopted different attitudes towards… 2. 表达不同的观点 ①….of them hold the opinion that… ②….of them are in favor of the idea that… ③.People who are for / against the idea that… ④.Some people believe that…, others argue that… 3. 不同观点之间的衔接 ①.However, each coin has two sides. ②.However,…of them hold… ③.People who are against it don’t think so. ④.On the other hand,…people object that… ⑤.different from those…,…people think… 过渡性词语 表列举:for example、for instance、that is to say 表补充:besides、in addition、moreover 表对比:on the one hand…on the other hand, in spite of, on the contrary. 表原因:because of、thanks to、due to、owing to 表结果:therefore、thus、as a result、so 表结论:to conclude、in a word、in brief、to sum up 表转折:however、nevertheless、yet 正反观点写作模版 1 ①Different people have different views on Spring Festival Gala (庆祝;节日). ②Some prefer the view that __________________for the reason that_____________③ In contrast, some are not quite in favor of the opinion that________ because they think __________④In addition, There is no denying that _____________⑤As for me, I agree
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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

with the second opinion because __________. 模板 2 __________ had a discussion about whether__________. Opinions are divided on this issue. ________of the students think _________ should ________. _____. What’s more, _______. On the other hand, ______ of the students think _______ shouldn’t ______. What’s worse, ______. In short, _______ have not arrived at any agreement yet. 本人观点:As far as I am concerned ……. /(In my opinion, …….; It’s my opinion that……), For one reason,……. For another reason…… In a word,……. 模板 3 We had a heated discussion about/on ...…. Students’ views/ideas/opinions on it vary/differ from person to person. Some students say / think / believe that… However, others hold the view that…… As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of the first/second view./ I would like to ….The reasons are as follows. First, …… Secondly,…… In conclusion / In a word ,…… 模板 4 There is a widespread concern over the issue that (作文题目)But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一_. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点一. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In their point of view, for one thing,原因一. For another thing,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that 观点二_. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that 观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. …… 例文:请根据以下的写作内容,使用5个规范的英语句子描述全部所给的信息内容. 作为一个中学生, 你肯定经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. 请你根据 提示内容,简要概述中学生普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度, 并结合自身实际, 说明 你的观点.态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力。态度 二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样的错。 你的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… 审题: 体裁: 议论文 时态: 现在时 人称: 第一、三人称 要点: (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力.
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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

(3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样 的错。 (4)我的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… 构思---文章结构:正反观点对比类的文章 1. 提出问题 2. 不同观点对比 3. 说明自己观点 (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. (提出问题) (对考试失败大致有两种态度. ) (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力. (3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样 的错。 (不同观点对比) (4)我的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …(说明自己观点) 构思---句型短语 (1) 我们中学生经历过多次考试, 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. 对考试失败大致有两种 态度. have/ take many tests or exams/ do well in the exams/ achieve success / suffer from failure/ fail (in) the exams/ take different attitudes towards…/ There be different attitudes towards… (2) 态度一: 当考试结果不尽人意时, 情绪低落, 丧失信心, 不再继续努力. be in low spirits/ have passive attitudes/ lose heart/confidence/ no longer study hard/ no longer try one’s best … (3) 态度二: 当考试失败时, 分析找出失败的原因, 鼓励自己, 增强自信, 避免再犯同样的 错。 find out/ analyze the causes/ encourage oneself/ have/take active attitudes/ build up self-confidence/ avoid making the same mistake (4) 你的观点: 失败乃成功之母, …… in my view / opinion, I agree with…/ As for me, …/ As far as I’m concerned/ in brief/ in a word/ in summary Failure is the mother of success. 连接成篇【写在作文本】 2002 年高考题范文 最近,你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。讨论的主题是:公园要不要收 门票?请你根据下表提供的信息,给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况。 60%的同学认为 40%的同学认为 1、不应收门票 1、应收门票,但票价不宜高 2、公园是公众休闲的地方 2、支付园林工人工资 3、如收票,需建大门、围墙, 3、购新花木 会影响城市形象 注意: 1、信的开头已为你写好。 2、词数:100 左右。
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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

3、参考词汇:门票:entrance fee Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. …… Yours truly Li Hua 范文: Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. Opinions are divided on the question. 60%of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. Yours truly Li Hua 可以看出,这类文章的写作,首先要提出问题,即双方讨论的问题。接下来提出观 点一,并用一系列论据进行阐明。说明完观点一之后,再提出观点二,继续用论据进行 说明。如果需要说明自己的观点,可接下来说明自己的观点。 任务:把以上范文改成五句话,不含开头段及署名。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Homework: 【写在作文本】 假设你是林明。你班最近就“大学生是否应该经济独立”的话题展开了讨论,大家发 表了不同看法。 请你根据以下所给内容,写一封信给《21 世纪英语》报高中生版反 映讨论情况。讨论情况如下: 1.35%的同学认为:通过打工可以获得工作经验,了解社会;同时还可以体会到 父母挣钱的不易,避免乱花钱的不良习气。 2.50%的同学认为:通过打工来付学费会影响自己的学习,自己可以通过好好学 习来报答爹娘,回报社会。 3.15%的同学(包括你在内)觉得双方的观点都有一定道理,但又不完全赞同,请 简述你自己的看法。 注意:1.文章开头结尾已经给出,不计入总分; 2.用 5 句话表达所有内容(不包括起始句);
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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

3.参考词汇:学费 tuition fee

报答 repay

经济独立 financially independent

Dear editor, I am writing to tell you about a recent discussion we had on whether or not university students should be.. . …… Thank you for reading my letter. Yours, Lin Ming 范文: We middle school students have had many tests or exams and have both achieved success and suffered from failure, but different students take different attitudes to failure. Some fall in low spirits when they don’t do well in the exams, losing heart and no longer studying as hard as before. However, most students take an active attitude towards failure. By encouraging themselves to be self-confident, They find out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. In my opinion, failure is the mother of success, which can teach us a lot in the process of reaching our goals, and only by tasting failure can we enjoy the fruit of success. Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks(提出问题). Opinions are divided on the question. 60%of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. They believe a public park should be free of charge, for people need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will not only keep some people away but also do harm to the appearance of a city due to the gates and walls. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged low because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. Yours truly Li Hua

Dear editor, I am writing to tell you about a recent discussion we have had on whether or not university students should be financially independent. 35% of my classmates think that university students doing part-time jobs will help one to gain working experience and learn more of society. Besides, when students find it
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高考英语议论文基础写作—正反观点对比

hard for their parents to earn money, they won't form the habit of wasting their money. 50% of the students hold the view that university students needn't be financially independent, because they can repay their parents and society by studying harder instead of trying to make money in their spare time so as to affect their studies. 15% of my fellow students, myself included, partly agree with them. We think that as grown-ups, we shouldn't depend on our parents any more but if our parents can afford to pay the tuition fee for us, we should devote ourselves to our studies and try to do better. Thank you for reading my letter. Y ours, Lin Ming 注意:基础写作应测试的能力 信息归 将信息进行归类, 并初步计划将哪些信息放到同一个句子中; 类 信息 将信息进行合理的排列,排列必须依照一定的标准,如时间 组织 信息排 顺序、空间顺序、因果关系、递进关系等。既要考虑语法上 的能 列 能否衔接,还要考虑语意上的连贯。 力 信息表 选择信息表达的秩序后,还要对某些信息进行必要的增删, 达 使文章意思连贯、语言畅通、逻辑严密。 基本句 基本句型, 拼写和标点符号的正确运用与否之间影响到考生 型 的写作成绩 包括含有名词性从句的复合句,含有定语从句的复 复合句 合句,含有状语从句的复合句。 包括具有递进关系的并列句, 如由 and,then, 句子 besides, addition, furthermore, in moreover, what’s 运用 more 等连接的并列句,具有转折关系的并列句,如 的能 复杂句 由 but,however,on the contrary, after all 等连接 并列句 力 型 的并列句,具有平行选择关系的并列句,如由 both…and…, well as, well, as as neither…nor…or, either…or…,not only…but also…等连接的并列 句。 特殊 如使用强调句、 倒装句、 含有 with 复合结构的句子、 句型 there be 开头的句子、 以形式主语 it 开头的句子等。 写作步骤: 1. 就所给写作内容进行信息整理,按写作的逻辑顺序用汉语写出 5 个句子,做到不漏 要点,逻辑通顺,上下文连贯。 2. 考虑写作时的要点词汇、短语和句子结构。 3. 连句成篇,注意用上恰当的连接词。 4. 检查修改。

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