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【个人手工制作】新牛津英语高考一轮复习综合课外趣味阅读及练习题(二)


新牛津英语高考一轮复习综合课外趣味阅读及练习题(二)

课外趣味阅读

精彩故事
The Wind and the Sun(風與太陽) The North Wind was rushing along and blowing the clouds as he passed. “Who is so strong as I?” he

cried. “I am even stronger than the sun.’’ “Can you show that you are stronger?” asked the Sun. “A traveler is coming over the hill,” said the Wind. “Let us see which of us can first make him take off his long cloak. The one who succeeds will prove himself the stronger.” The North began first. He blew a gale, tore up trees, and raised clouds of dust. But the traveler only wrapped his clock more closely about him, and kept on his way. Then the Sun began to shine. He drove away the clouds and warmed the air. Higher and higher he climbed in the blue sky shining in all his glory. “What a fine day we are having after the blow!” said the traveler, as threw off his cloak. ***

“Kindness is a greater governor than anger.” 北风赶,由于他通过吹云。"谁是如此强烈,正如我吗?"他哭了。" 我比太阳更强。"你可以显示你是强?"问"过时了,来了一位旅行者" 的太阳风说。 "让我们看到的时候, 我们可以先让他脱下他的长披风。 成功的人会证明自己更强。 "北方首先开始。 他吹烈风、 撕毁了树木, 并提出的灰尘。 但旅行者只包装更密切地谈他, 他时钟和不停地前进。 然后,太阳开始闪耀。他驱散了乌云,温暖的空气。高他爬在蓝色的 天空闪耀在他所有的荣耀。"是个好天我们有打击后 !"说这位旅行 者,如甩掉他的衣裳。***"善良是更大的总督,比愤怒"。

The Woodman and Mercury(樵夫與 Mercury 神) Once upon a time, a Woodman was cutting down a tree by the side of a lake. By accident he let his ax fall into the water. As he lost the tool with which he had gained his livelihood, he sat down upon the bank and felt very sad about his hard fate. To his surprise, Mercury appeared, and asked him what was the matter. When he heard the story of the man’s misfortune, he dived to the bottom of the lake, and, bringing up a golden ax, asked if that were the one he had lost. Hearing that it was not his, Mercury dived a second time, and, returning with a silver ax in his hand, again asked the Woodman if it

were his. The Woodman denied this too, saying that it was not his. Mercury dived a third time, and brought up the very ax that the man had lost. This the poor man took with joy and thankfulness. So pleased was Mercury at the honesty of the man, that he gave him the other two axes besides his own. ***When he returned home, the Woodman told his companions all that had happened. One of them decided to see if he could secure the same good fortune for himself. He ran to the lake, and threw his ax in on purpose, then sat down upon the bank and lamented his sad fate. Mercury appeared as before, and wanted to know the cause of his grief. After hearing the man’s story, he dived, and brought up a golden ax, and asked him if that were his. Delighted at the sight of the golden ax, the fellow answered that it was, and eagerly attempted to get hold of it. The God saw that he was dishonest, and refused to hand it to him. The man went home disappointed. *** “Honesty is the best policy.”

英语短文欣赏 望洋兴叹 Sighing over one’s Insignificance before the vasts

When autumn came, all the water in the large and small rivers rose higher and flowed into the Yellow River.

一到秋天,大河、小河里的水都涨了起来,流入黄河,河面顿时显得 非常宽广。 The surface of the River at once appeared much wider, On one side of the bank, one couldn’t see the cattle and sheep on the opposite side. The River deity Hebo was therefore immensely proud and considered himself the greatest in the world. 在河岸的这边,一眼望不见对岸的牛羊。黄河的河伯因此得意洋洋, 自以为是天下最伟大的了。 Hero followed the Yellow River to the North Sea. Then he looked at himself and felt he could not see the bounds of the sea. Then he looked at himself and felt he was so tiny and insignificant. He sighed and said to Hairuo, the deity of the North Sea. 河伯顺着黄河来到了北海,朝东一望,望不见海的尽头,再看看自己 才觉得自己很渺小。他叹了口气,对北海之神海若说: “Asa the saying goes, a person who has gained a little learning tends to regard himself as the wiset person under the sky. I am just that kind of person. Seeing how broad and great you are today, I have come to realize how insignificant and ignorant I am. If I didn’t meet you , I’m afraid I would I would always be laughed at by people with knowledge.” “俗话说得好, 有了一点学问, 就以为老子天下第一。 我就是这种人。 今天,我看到你这样宽广、这样伟大,才发觉自己如此渺小,如此无 知。如果今天没遇见你,我恐怕永远会被有见识的人所讥笑。”

Hairou said: 海若说: “We cannot talk about the sea with a frog at the bottom of a well, for the frog is restricted by its dwelling place; we cannot talk about ice with a small insect is restricted by the seasons; we cabbit talk about profound learning with superficial persons, for they have too little knowledge. Now you have come out of a small river to the North Sea, seen the greatness of it and realized your own insignificance. Since you have taken such a modest attitude, I can then talk with you about profound learning. ” “我们不能同井底的青蛙谈海,是因为青蛙受到住处的限制;不能同 夏天的小虫受到季节的限制; 不能同浅薄的人谈论高深的学问, 是因 为他们的知识太少。现在,你走出小河,来到北海,看到海的伟大, 知道了自己的渺小。 有了这种谦虚的态度, 我就可以和你谈论高深的 学问了。”

同义词趣味巧辨析

cannot help, cannot but, cannot help but

这些词组均表示“不得不,不禁”之意。 cannot help 与动名词连用, 表示“不得不”是口语用法, 词组中的 help

相当于 avoid 或 prevent,是一种比较好的用法。 cannot but : 后跟不定式连用,是一种较正式的用法,主要用于美国 英语。 cannot help but : 跟动词不定式连用,是 cannot but 与 cannot help 的混用,系书面用语,多用于美国英语。由于 cannot help but 含有双 重否定,所以有人反对使用,认为不合习

brittle, fragile, frail

这些形容词都含有“易碎的”之意。 brittle : 指没有弹性或伸缩性的脆性材料, 暗示受压或被扭曲时易碎。 fragile : 除指易碎外,还指人身体虚弱,动辄就得病。 frail : 多指人体虚弱,也指某物不耐用,易碎易损。

中学重难知识点回顾

In 短语归纳 in (a) ferment 在骚动中 in (full) bloom 盛开 in (high) glee 欢天喜地的

in (single) file 依次成纵队 in (the) large 大规模的 in (the) light of 按照 in (the) process of 在……过程中 in a …… guise 以……的外表 in a …… degree 有……的程度 in a …… position 处于……的境地 in a bad way 病情严重 in a big way 强调地,彻底地,大规模地,热情地 in a blue funk 惊恐,消沉 in a body 全体,一块 in a box (口语)进退维谷 in a brace of shakes 马上,立刻 in a breeze (口语)毫不费力的 in a class by itself 独一无二 in a class by oneself 独一无二 in a cleft stick 进退两难 in a clutter 乱七八糟的 in a condition to 能够

练习题

(一) When my wife, who is Spanish, spent her first winter in London a few years ago, she sed to ask me time and again: "Where's .the fog?" Almost all foreigners 36 to find the city full of yellow-grey fog for responsible or painting this

most of the year. Dickens, who was . 37 38

in people's minds, certainly wasn't joking in those days. In the 39 someone attempted to

nineteenth century people used to say kill himself by 40

into the Thames, he would be choked by the 41 of the river before he had 42 only in recent

fog and poisoned by the terrible

time to drown himself. In fact, the situation has

years. When I was a boy in London thirty years ago, I was often unable to see 43 of the road when I left home on winter mornings. 44

The key steps that have turned London into one of the cities in the world were Londoners still find it 47 46 45

at the end of the 1950s. But

that fog hardly returns. Actually the

took place as a result of two main improvements. Factories 48 close down, and

were forced to fix equipment for air cleaning local people were not allowed to 49 But the 50

coal unless it was smoke-free. 51 1964

incredible miracle in London occurred

when the Thames Water Authority began to pump vast dissolved oxygen into the river. 53

52

of

, varieties of fish that had 54 , and

gradually disappeared from the Thames since 1800 have some are (议会). 36. A. plan D. expect 37. A. at all D. in all 38. A. picture D. portrait 39. A. why D. while 40. A. swimming D. jumping 41. A. air D. gas 42. A. come D. remained 43. A. both sides D. each side 44. A. dirtiest B. busiest C. cleanest B. another side B. happened C. changed B. smell C. B. floating C. blowing B. when B. scene B. above all C. after all B. manage C. wish 55

caught by fishermen outside the House of Parliament

C. photo

C.

how

smoke

C. the other side

D. quietest 45. A. taken D. set 46. A. hard D. safe 47. A. stories D. steps 48. A. and D. or 49. A. dig D. burn 50. A. true D. probable 51. A. in D. since 52. A. deal quantities 53. A. Actually D. As a result 54. A. adjusted D. recovered 55. A. even B. still C. hardly B. returned C. lived B. Besides C. However B. number C. size D. B. before C. from B. large C. real B. make C. move B. but C. to B. programs C. changes B. strange C. special B. produced C. made

D. quite

答案 36~40 DBABD 41~45 BCCCA 46~50 BCDDC 5l~55 ADDBA (二) In today's Internet age, online games can be a change from the pressure of school and work. However, they can also cause problems and unhealthy addictions. This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea. This country has the world's highest percentage of high-speed Internet services. It has also a high number of game players who are addicted to online games. In 2004, a young man died after playing online games almost nonstop for 86 hours. A 12-year-old boy stole $16,000 from his father to continue online games which he could not get away from. Such problems are spreading to other parts of Asia as well. In 2005, it was reported that about 80 percent of China's 13.8 million online game

players were under 25. And many of these were said to be addicted. Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth. Dr. Sue-Huei Chen, a psychologist (心理学家), discovered some signs of at-risk people. Such people often go online to escape from their problems. And they usually have no friendship or good social skills. They feel the need to spend more and more time online, so they may be absent from school or family. And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing. 56. The passage is mainly about A. online game addiction online games C. computer problems in Asia young people 57. In the passage, the writer tells us a fact that A. South Korea has a large number of Internet schools B. More and more young men are stealing money for online games C. China's online game players are all under the age of 25 D. problems caused by B. problems caused by

D. Online game addiction is a very common problem in South Korea 58. After reading the passage,, we know that in China A. many young people are playing online games for fun B. many young people are getting addicted to online games C. only those under 25 like to play online games for long periods D. 80 percent of the Chinese depend on online games to get relaxed 59. According to the passage, addicted to online games. A. people under great pressure from school and work B. people well-known in the field of computer games C. people with unsolved problems and few friends D. people who'd like to take a risk in computer games are more likely to become

答案 56~59 BDBC (三)

This is what happened at Rochelle Cohen's 15' birthday party. Only now, 20 years later, can she and her father talk about it. Laughing about it may take another 15 years. The house started to fill up with her friends, and then another group of teenagers arrived. She can recall the glass front door being broken and some of her older friends taking the key to her father's very expensive car and driving round the city. But the worst part was when her father came home and discovered that 30 computer games were missing. He telephoned the parents of all his daughter's friends. In the end, a boy from a very wealthy family brought them back. "Everything was terrible," says Rochelle. "The party was bad enough, but to have my dad ringing everyone like that, I felt even worse" Zoe Marks remembers a party she had. "Someone filled the bath with water, then added tomato sauce, and everyone jumped in. They then went down to the beach to go swimming, where someone stole most of their clothes. At six in the morning, their poor parents received a phone call, asking them to come and collect them."

Many parents return home to find their houses emptied of everything except the dog food. At the end of Luke Parton's party, his father (a policeman) came home to find some young guests had eaten a kilo packet of smoked fish. He said he was going to test for fingerprints (指纹) to find out who had opened the packets. The boy who had done it admitted it immediately, and his parents were sent a bill. So stay at home quietly. Or prepare for an unpleasant dream on your return. 60. How old is Rochelle Cohen now? A. 15 years old. D. 50 years old. 61. When describing the birthday parties, the writer might be feeling A. shameful D. excited 62. What did Luke Patron's father do when he found out who had opened his packets? A. He asked the boy's parents to pay for the loss. B. confused C. tired B. 20 years old. C. 35 years old.

B. He tested the guests for fingerprints. C. He told the boy's parents about it. D. He reported it to the local police. 63. This passage is mainly written for A. party hosts D. schools B. teenagers C. policemen

答案 CAAB (四) I walked along the sea for about an hour until I began to feel hungry. It was seven. By that time, I was not far from a favourite restaurant of mine, where I often went to eat two or three times a week. I knew the owner well. I went into the restaurant, which was already crowded, and ordered my meal. While I was waiting, I looked 1 to see if I knew anyone in the restaurant. Then I saw a man sitting at a corner table near the door keeping looking in my direction (方向), as if he knew me. I certainly didn’t know him, for I never forgot a 2 . The man had a newspaper __3 in front of him. But I could see that he was keeping an 4 on me. When

the waiter brought my soup, the man was 5 puzzled (迷惑) by the familiar (熟悉) way that the waiter and I called each other. He became even more puzzled as 6 went on. He could see that I was well 7 in the restaurant. At last he got up and went into the kitchen. After a few minutes he came out again, 8 for his meal and left. When I had finished, I called the owner of the restaurant over and asked him 9 the man had wanted. The owner told me he was a detective(侦探). “Really?” I was 10 . “He was certainly 11 in me. But why?” I asked. “He followed you here because he thought you were a man he was looking 12 ,” the owner said. “When he came into the kitchen, he showed me a 13 of the wanted man . He certainly looked like you! Of course, since we 14 you here, I told him that he had made a mistake.” It’s 15 I came to a restaurant where I am known, or I might have been arrested! 1. A. for 2. A. name 3. A. open 4. A. orange 5. A. badly 6. A. program 7. A. taken B. at B. face B. closed B. arm B. fast B. story B. made C. around C. person C. opened C .apple C. quickly C. time C. known D. like D. friend D. close D. eye D. clearly D. news D. brought

8. A. paid 9. A. that 10. A. worried 11. A. interested 12. A. up 13. A. book 14. A. know 15. A. bad

B. paying B. what

C. spent C. when

D. cost D. which D. sad D. sure D. for D. magazine D. look at D. best

B. surprised C. surprising B. interesting B. like B. photo B. see B. good C. worried C. at C. paper C. hear C. lucky

答案 一日在外散步,饥饿难忍,走进一家“我”常去的餐馆,用餐时发现被 人盯梢,原来那人是侦探,“我”被误认为是他要跟踪的人。 1.C.look around 解释为“朝四周看”。 2. B.交代前一句的原因。 3. A.have 后可跟形容词作宾语的补足语。open 可以是动词,也可以 作形容词。 4. D.keep an eye on sb./sth. 是“瞧着……”的意思。 5. D.那位先生对于我和服务员相互打招呼熟悉的方式 “明显”感到很 迷惑,副词 clearly 修饰 puzzled。

6. C.as…went on 表示时间的推离。 7. C.be well known 表示“人人都知道我”或“众所周知”。 8. A.动词 pay 可以和 for 连用。 9. B.前面的动词是 asked, 宾语从句的连词不可用 that,根据 wanted(及物动词),选用 what。 10. B.根据前面的 “Really?”,表示知道那位先生是侦探,故用 surprised。 11. A.表示人用某些表达感情动词的过去分词形式的形容词,介词 in 与 be interested 搭配。 12. D.句意表示选用意思是“寻找”的短语。 13. B.根据后文,是 showed me a photo。 14. A..since 表示原因,由于服务员认识(know)作者,此句才提到服 务员告诉侦探是他搞错了。 15. C.作者感到庆幸的是,由于在餐馆里大家都认识他,才没有被误 认为他是要找的人。


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