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高中英语必备句型大全


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中小学一对一课外辅导

高中英语作文最易错的 10 大语法
———as 句型
(1) as 引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……” 例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us. As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south. 正如(像) 你 们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。 (2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ; 否定式:not as/so --- as 例:He is as good a player as his sister. 他和他姐姐一样是位优秀的运动员。 (3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于…… 例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said. 她是一个如此的一个笨蛋以致相信了他所说的话。 (4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于…… 例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box. 他是如此的强壮以致于能提起那重箱子。 (5) such --- as--- 象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句) 例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was. 他希望成为一个像雷锋这样的人。 (6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句) 例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前的那样子了。 (7) as 引导非限制性定语从句 例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。 (8)引导时间状语从句。与 while 意义相近 例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。 (9) 引导原因状语从句,与 because 的用法相近 例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back. 因为越来越迟了,所以我们不久就回来了。 (10) 引导让步状语从句 例:Child as he is, he knows much about science. 尽管他是一个小孩,但他对科学了解得很多。

———when 句型
(1) be doing sth ---- when --例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. 他正笑着的时候门突然开了,他妻子走了进来。

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中小学一对一课外辅导

(2) be about to do sth --- when --例:We were about to start when it began to rain. 我们刚要出发,天就开始下雨了。 (3) had not done sth --- when ---/ hardly --- when --例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang. 他刚要入睡电话就响了。 (4) had just done ---- when --例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang. 在劳累了一天之后我刚刚就寝,电话铃就响了。

———seem 句型
(1) It +seems + that 从句 例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied. 看来好像每个人都很满意。 (2) It seems to sb that --例:It seems to me that she is right. 我看她是对的, (3) There seems to be ---例:There seems to be a heavy rain. 看上去要有一场大雨。 (4) It seems as if ---例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。

———prefer 句型
(1) prefer to do sth 例:I prefer to stay at home. 我宁愿呆在家里。 (2) prefer doing sth 例:I prefer playing in defence. 我喜欢打防守。 (3) prefer sb to do sth 例:Would you prefer me to stay? 你愿意我留下来吗? (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……宁愿…...而不愿.…". 例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out 我宁愿呆在家里而不愿出去. (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth 例:I prefer watching football to playing it. 我喜欢看篮球,不喜欢打篮球。 (6) prefer sth to sth 例:I prefer tea to coffee. 我要茶不要咖啡。

———too 句型

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中小学一对一课外辅导

(1) too...to do sth. 例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians. (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.) 政治太重要了,不能由政治家来决定。 (2) only too --- to do sth 例:I shall be only too pleased to get home. 我要回到家里就非常高兴。 (3) too + adj + for sth 例:These shoes are much too small for me. 我穿这双鞋太小了。 (4) too + adj + a + n. 例:This is too difficult a text for me. 这篇课文对我来说太难了。 (5) can't … too +形容词 无论……也不为过 例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

———wish 句型
(1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人现在做某事 例:I wish I were as strong as you. 我希望和你一样强壮。 (2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人过去做某事 例: I wish you had told me earlier 要是你早点告诉我就好了。 (3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人将来做某事 例:I wish you would succeed this time. 我希望你这次会成功。

———before 句型
(1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及…… 例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me. 我还没来得及插话,他就给我量好了尺寸 (2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间…… 例:It will be 4 years before he graduates. 他还有四年时间变毕业了。 (3) had done some time before (才……) 例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land. 我们航行了四天四夜才见到陆地。 (4) had not done --- before --- 不到……就…… 例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired. 我们还没走到一英里路就觉得累了。 (5) It was not +一段时间+ before 不多久就…… 例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country. 还没到两年他们离开了那国家。

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中小学一对一课外辅导

———where 句型
(1) where 引导的定语从句 例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。 (2) where 引导的状语从句 例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。 He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。 I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。 (3) where 引导的表语从句 例:This is where you are wrong. 这正是你错的地方。 注:引导状语从句的 where= 介词+the place where (定语从句) 例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的地方去。

———would rather 句型
(1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做…… 例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland. 她宁可死也不去背叛祖国。 (2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事 例:I would rather have taken his advice. 我宁愿过去接受他的意见。 (3) would rather sb had done sth 宁愿某人过去做过某事 例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week. 我真希望通过上星期的考试 (4) would rather sb did sth 宁愿某人现在或将来做某事 例: Who would you rather went with you? 你宁愿谁和你一起去?

———表相差的句型
表示“相差……;增加了……;增加到……”句型: (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸 (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。 (3) She is three years old than I 她比我大三岁。 (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了 50%

———表过去未实现的希望的句型
用于表示过去未实现的希望和计划的句型: (1) should like to/ would like to/ would love to have done sth. 例:You should like to have written to your mother.

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中小学一对一课外辅导

你本应当给你母亲写信。 (2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么) 例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match. Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。

———强调句型
(1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)... 例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday. 是我昨天给我叔叔写信的。 (2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) ... 例:Was it your brother that you met in the street? 在街上你遇见的是你兄弟吗? (3) Where/who/what/how 等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that ... 例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow? 明天你究竟怎样去看望她? (4) do +谓语动词 (强调谓语) 例:They do know the place well. 他们的确很熟悉那个地方。

——what 引导的名词性从句
what 引导的名词性从句 (1) what 引导主语从句 例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her. 让我吃惊的是每个人似乎对她都很冷淡. [ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的] (2) what 引导宾语从句 例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。 (3) what 引导表语从句 例:That is what I want. 那正是我所要的。 (4) what 引导同位语从句 例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.


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