2015 届安庆一中、安师大附中统一考试试卷 英语试卷
第一部分：听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 第一节：听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 每一小题你有 10 秒的时间来回答有关小题和下一小题， 每段对 话仅读一
遍。 1. How does the woman advise the man to go to work? A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. On foot. 2. What are the two speakers talking about? A. Doing shopping. B. Surfing the Internet. C. Buying things online. 3. Where does the woman want to go? A. To the cinema. B. To the bookstrore. C. To the restaurant. 4. Why is the woman going to visit Lisa? A. She wants to borrow money from Lisa. B. She wants to use Lisa’s computer. C. She wants to help Lisa complete a paper. 5. How much does each ticket cost? A. 11.2 dollars B. 10 dollars. C. 5.6 dollars. 第二节：(共 15 小题，总分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小 题 5 秒钟：听完后，每一小题 5 秒的做答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What does the woman like doing most in her spare time? A. Playing baseball. B. Surfing the Internet. C. Reading books. 7. What will the man do next for the woman? A. Play sports with the woman. B. Buy a computer for the woman’s birthday. C. Go to the Internet bar with the woman. 第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What fast food does the man often eat? A. Hot dogs. B. Sandwiches. C. Fried chips. 9.Where does the man have lunch on Sundays? A. At home. B. At his parents’. C. In the restaurant. 10. What dose the man think of fast food? A. It usually tastes good . B. It’s very convenient. C. It’s harmful to his health. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What kind of room does the man want? A. A room with a double bed. B. A room with a bathroom. C. A room with a
single bed. 12. On which floor is there a room available? A. On the first floor . B. On the fourth floor. 13. What can we learn about the man? A. He comes here to attend a meeting. B. He will check in at this hotel. C. He will try to find another hotel. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Compared to June ,what has changed in July in Wonderland? A. There are more adventurous expeditions. B. The price of tickets is lower. C. There are more games for little kids. 15. Where can the visitiors have a dancing lesson with the instructors? A. Party Castle. B. Parents’ Castle. 16. What can we learn from the conversation? A. All vistors will go on an exciting trip deep down to a big volcano. B. There is no place for parents who want to get some rest. C. It is June now and the man can’t wait to go to the Wonderland. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How many people took part in the swimming activity? A. About 300. B. About 3,000. 18. Who organized the swimming activity? A. Local authorities. B. Guangzhou tourism agency. center. 19. What can we know from the 62-year-old swimmer? A. The Pearl River isn’t as clean as it was several years before. B. The Pearl River was very clean when he was a child. C. He often goes swimming in the Preal River. 20. When was the last mass crossing of the river held? A. In the 1960s. B. In the 1970s.
C. On the fifth floor.
C. Bingo Hall.
C. About 30,000. C. Guangzhou sports
C.In the 1980s.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. The manager refused to have his daughter in his department_______ showing favor to her. A. in need of B. because of C. for fear of D. regardless of 22．There have been frequent railway accidents in China recently, and that is people are concerned. A．what B．where C．how D．that 23．Many great artists were not famous in their own time, and people only started to _____ them many years later． A ． remind B ． appreciate C ． inspire
D．assist 24．With all his family, friends and money gone, he felt ______ hopeless and killed himself． A．hardly B．luckily C．sincerely D．totally 25. — I don't want to move to that city. It is heavily polluted. 一 Pollution is common. The city here is _______. A. not less clean cleaner B. no clean C. no less clean D. no
26. I will never forget such a beautiful village ________ I spent my childhood there with my grandparents. A. where B. that C. in which D. because 27. — I’d like a bike which well. — Will this one_______? A. rides; do B. rides; work C. is ridden; do D. is ridden; work 28.China and the United States held their first strategic dialogue on August 1 and ______ to increase co-poeration and constructive relations. A. agreed B. would agree C. have agreed D. had agreed 29. The comments the expert made stock market bothered Bill greatly, him sleepless all night. A. to be concerning; made B. concerning; making C. concerned; made D. be concerned; which made 30. I know you didn’t do well in the recent exams but don’t let failures ___ you ____ trying harder. A. put; off B. fail; in C. take; away D. cut; back 31. Can you imagine such a boy _____ the US FBI find out the world’s most wanted cyber(网络的) criminal? A. would have helped B. could have helped C. should have helped D. might have helped 32. It is clear that ______ little money the invention will bring them can hardly support so large ____ company. A. / ; a B. a; a C. the ; a D. the; / 33. It’s reported that Wu Qilong and Liu Shishi showed their marriage _______ to their fans on their microblog. A. compromise B. certificate C. identity D. settlement 34. –Did your mother have a professional career, or did she work at home? –Actually, she did _____. When we were young, she stayed at home. Later, she went back to school and became a teacher. A. both B. neither C. either D. none
35. – My uncle is a famous writer. – . What kind of book is he writing? A. Thank heavens for that C. He must be
B. Mind your own business D. You don’t say
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳答案。 In the 9th grade I was assigned a ―Life Project‖. We had to 36 a person whom we hoped to be like later in life and give an oral presentiation to the class. I wanted to 37 entertainment lawyer. Many students really didn’t want to do it. 38 , I felt this was a way to open 39 to places I dreamed of. I looked in the yellow newspapers and wrote down various 40 of entertainment lawyers. I called each of the numbers, but no one 41 to my messages. I 42 asked people if they knew someone I could interview. Still no help. As weeks grew I became 43 of trying, until I looked on the internet and came across a big time law firm called the Beverly Hills. I called and asked 44 I could possibly interview the entertainment lawyer. The assistant told me the man was busy and didn’t want to be 45 by my little school project. I was discouraged by this 46 . I tried again anyway, and left the entertainment lawyer a message. He called back! He told me that he would be honored to be interviewed. I was very 47 . I learned a lot of different things and 48 the information to my classmates. My teacher told me to keep in 49 with him. I did. And he did a big 50 at my school to all of the 11th and 12th grade students. This was a 51 of my hard work and determination to get a big time lawyer who I thought wouldn’t give me the time of day. To this day in 2014 he always tells me that if I need 52 I could call him—even a letter of recommendation—he said he would be 53 to write one. I will never forget how that simple ―Life Project‖ opened so many doors and gave me the 54 to get out of my comfort zone. Determination and courage are the 55 I learned from this project. 36. A. describe B. interview C. communicate D. imagine 37. A. turn B. become C. realize D. get 38. A. Therefore B. Besides C. However D. Otherwise 39. A. careers B. causes C. doors D. subjects 40. A. addresses B. numbers C. names D. ambitions 41. A. referred B. objected C. stuck D. responded 42. A. eventually B. constantly C. rarely D. gradually 43. A. ashamed B. afraid C. tired D. aware 44. A. why B. whether C. when D. where 45. A. introduced B. bothered C. bore D. prevented 46. A. comment B. content C. regulation D. suggestion 47. A. embarrassed B. puzzled C. excited D. exhausted 48. A. explained B. recited C. returned D. reported 49. A. contact B. contract C. conversation D. contribution 50. A. prearation B. presentation C. performance D. program
51. A. congratulation 52. A. anything 53. A.satified 54. A. opportunity 55. A.promises
B. construction B. everything B. sorry B. direction B. prices
C. ceremony C. nothing C. prepared C. method C. conclusions
D. celebration D. something D. intersted D. solution D. values
第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Malka and Shaindle are sisters. Although they live an hour's drive from each other and don’t see each other often, they are in touch. Malka has a large family. Shaindle, however, has had difficulty having children. Malka had just given birth to another son . Shaindle , married there years and still childless, was receiving fertility(生育) treatments. Involved with work , doctor’s visits, and medical treats, she was unable to make the trip to visit her sister after she had given birth. Malka knew her sister’s problem and was quite understanding. Shaindle and her husband Feivel would be at the haptismal (洗礼)ceremony，of course. On the day of the haptism , Shaindle and Feivel arrived early, earlier than Malka and her family. Malka’s mother-in-law, Yehudit, was already at the hall. ―Hello,‖ said Shaindle cheerfully, never thinking what was about to happen. Yehudit turned to her angrily and said, ―What a selfish sister you are! Never once did you see fit to visit Makla this entire week! No wonder you have no children!‖ Shaindle went into shock at her words. She turned away, her eyes filled with tears. The accusation had cut Shaindle like a knife. She was psychologically bleeding. Poor Shaindle couldn’t calm down. It took a while before she could regain her calmness. She couldn’t look at Yehudit; it was just too painful for her to do so. The minute the words had escaped Yehudit’s month, she knew she had crossed a red line. She had stepped on very raw toes and felt regretted for her words –but it was too late. Her attempts to apologize were ineffective. The celebration had suddently turned sour in just a matter of seconds. After all these years, the memory of that happening lingers on … 56. Shaindle didn’t visit her sister after her sister gave birth because . A. she envied her sister B. she lived too far from her sister. C. she was too busy D. she didn’t feel quite herself 57. We can learn from the last paragraph that . A. Shaindle didn’t forgive Yehudit for many years. B. Yehudit didn’t realize how her words could affect Shaindle C. Shaindle couldn’t get rid of the bad memory for many years. D. Shaindle burst out anger at Malka’s mother-in-law. 58. The purpose of the passage is to tell us . A. words can really hurt us B. sistes should care for each other C. we should try to forget unpleasant thing D. two sisters’ different experiences 59. The undeflined part ―stepped on very raw toes‖ probably means . A. be impolite to somebody B. hurt somebody deeply
C. meet somebody by accident
D. make fun of somebody.
B To be successful in any aspect of life, you need to know when to use the carrot or the stick. Here are a few tips to help you decide whether it’s better to use the carrot or the stick. With the kids The carrot When it comes to raising a kid, the carrot or the stick dilemma is quickly disappearing as too many parents take the carrot approach to the extreme. In child raising, the carrot should never be materialistic things. If you want to ask for good behavior with a reward, it should be with something that can’t be bought, say, trust. The stick Nowadays, no one likes to use the stick anymore, or in my father’ s case, the belt. I’m not overlooking child abuse, if you ever want to call it that, but I am encouraging parents to toughen up a bit. You don’t want your kid to test your limits only to find out he can get away with it. If you want to raise a kid, raise the hand and let him know it comes down on the second offense. At the office The carrot People need encouragement and motivation to perform well. However, the carrot only really works well with employees who have already proved themselves. If you’ve got someone who can’t show up at the office before noon, the promise of a raise isn’t going to do much. On the contrary, if there’s a guy with a good work moral, he’ll thrive(grow stronger) when you add a promotion to the picture. The stick When considering the carrot or the stick in the office, remember that, overall, the stick is the more practical method in the office. A wise man, who just happened to be an Italian, once said ―It’s best to be both loved and feared.‖ It’s nice to have everyone love you, but running a business isn’t like running a family. You need to have the stick constantly raised. With the wife The carrot When it comes to marriage, always use the carrot. I’ve had a lovely marriage for many years, and I’ve always stuck to the carrot approach. Sometimes you catch more flies with honey, and sometimes it’s the crack of a whip that gets the horse moving. Try not to use too many sticks in the bedroom; the carrot is much more fun. 60. What is the best title of this passage? A. The carrot or the stick? B. The introduction to the carrot and the stick C. Tips in the daily life D. The advantages of the carrot and the stick 61. In kids raising, the author prefers _______. A. the carrot approach B. the stick approach C. both the carrot approach and the stick approach D. neither the carrot approach nor the stick approach 62. Which do you think is the best to be a good boss at the office?
A. Always using carrots. B. Eating a lot of carrots C. Being both loved and feared D. Using too many sticks 63. Which is NOT true according to the passage? A. The author often gives more carrots to his wife to eat in the bedroom. B. The carrot is much more fun when it comes to marriage. C. On different occasions, the carrot or the stick is effective. D. You need stick to get your horses to move faster occasionally. C Across the United States, there are several places where two independent towns grew together to become one city — but kept both their names. Winston-Salem is one of them. It’s a mid-sized city in what’s called the plateau（high land）, between the Atlantic Coast and the inland mountains in the state of North Carolina. The Winston part is a relatively new place, founded early this century. It’s home to the nation’s biggest open-air tobac The giant R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company’s headquarters is in Winston-Salem, and Winston is the name of one of Reynolds’ best-known cigarette brands. Fast-growing Winston soon surrounded the much older town of Salem, so in 1913, people in the area voted to combine them into a single From a historical and tourist point of view, Salem, or Old Salem, as it’s called today, is the Salem was founded in the 1700s by the Moravians. They spoke German, and their community was religiously based, with single men and single women living apart in separate dormitories. The Moravians greatly valued women’s work and brainpower. In fact, one of the nation’s oldest boarding schools for young women— the Moravians’Salem Academy founded in 1772 — is still in operation. Over the years, Salem lost its Moravian character. That all changed, though, when a nonprofit group began to rehabilitate the historic area. These days Old Salem is what’s called a living history museum, with exhibits, music, and tours of 18th-century houses, bars and Moravian dormitory buildings just seven blocks from the tallest skyscraper(high building) in WinstonThe historic community is booming again. Just as R. J. Reynolds is taking in millions of dollars making cigarettes across town, Old Salem is making about $ 15 million a year in tourism revenue(收 入) 64 A. WinstonB. Salem is home to the tobacco C. the city Winston65 B. C. R.J. Reynolds C the people 66 A. reconstruct Salem developed faster than D. Old Salem is the name of a tobacco brand
D. the combination meets the wishes of
67 A. Some other attractions in Winston-
D. Something about the boarding school for women. D Bananas are one of the world’ s most important food crops. They are also one of the most valuable exports. Bananas do not grow from seeds. Instead, they grow from existing plants. Bananas are threatened by disease because all the plants on a farm are copies of each other. They all share the same genetic weaknesses. For example, the Cavendish banana is most popular in North American and European markets. However， some kinds of fungus(真菌) organisms easily infect the Cavendish. Black Sigatoka disease（黑叶斑病）affects the leaves of Cavendish banana plants. The disease is controlled on large farms by putting chemicals on the plant’ s leaves. Farmers put anti-fungal chemicals on their crops up to once a week. Another fungal disease is more serious. Panama disease attacks the roots of the banana plant. There is no chemical treatment for this disease. Infected plants must be destroyed. Panama disease has affected crops in Southeast Asia, Australia and South Africa. There is concern that it may spread to bananas grown in the Americas. This could threaten an important export product for Central and South America. The International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain supports research on bananas. The group has headquarters in France and other offices in the major banana-growing areas of the world. The group says that more research must be done to develop improved kinds of bananas. The group says that fungal diseases mainly affect only one kind of banana. In fact, there are five hundred different kinds of bananas. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has said that the Cavendish banana represents only 10% of world production. The U．N. agency says farmers should grow different kinds of bananas. This protects against diseases that affect only one kind. Experts warn that disease may cause the Cavendish banana to disappear. This happened earlier to another popular banana because of its genetic weakness against disease. 68．What does this passage mainly tell us? A. Bananas are the world’ s most important food crops. B. The risk to a popular banana shows need to grow other kinds. C. There are five hundred different kinds of bananas. D. How to grow bananas in different countries. 69．Bananas are threatened by disease because ________. A. they grow from seeds B. they are one of the most valuable exports C. the only way to prevent it is to put chemicals on their leaves D. they have genetic weaknesses against disease 70．We can infer from Paragraph 3 that ________. A. the center of the group is in the US B. the Cavendish banana covers a large part of the production of bananas C. the key to solving the disease is to develop other kinds of improved bananas D. each fungal disease affects five hundred different kinds of bananas
71．According to the passage, which information is right? A. The Cavendish banana can mainly be imported from North America and Europe. B. Panama disease affects the leaves of Cavendish banana plants. C. The Cavendish banana won’t die out in the future. D. The Cavendish banana makes up only one tenth of world production. E About one in ten video game players shows signs of addictive behavior that could have negative effects on their family, friends and school work, according to a new study conducted in New York. Researchers at Iowa State University(ISU) and the National Institute on Media and the Family found that some gamers show at least six symptoms of gambling addiction such as lying to family and friends about how much they play games, using the games to escape their problems and becoming restless when they stop playing. They may also skip homework to play video games or spend too much time playing games and do poorly in school. ―While the medical commmunity currently does not recognize video game addiction as mental disorder, hopefully this study will be one of many that allow us to have an educated conversation on the positive and negative effects of video games,‖ said Dr Douglas Gentile, an assistant professor of psychology at ISU. Dr David Walsh, the president of the National Institute on Media and the Family which tries to reduce the harm of media on the health and development of children and families, said the findings are a wake-up call. ―This study gives everyone a better idea of the problem,‖ he explained. The researchers, who studied 1,178 American children and teenagers, aged 8 to 18, found some displayed at least 6 of 11 symptoms of pathologican (病态的) gambling as stated by the American Psychiatric Association. Addicted gamers played video games 24 hours a week, twice as much as casual gamers. Some addicted gamers even steal to support their habit, according to the findings that will be published in the journal Psychological Science. While video games can be fun and entertaining, some kids are getting trouble. ―I continue to hear from families who are concerned about their kids’ gaming habits. Not only do we need to focus on identifying the problem, but we need to find ways to help families prevent and treat gaming addiction. 72. The author mainly tells us about________. A. video game addiction in children B. positive effects of addictions C. families’ concern about their chilren’s addiction to video games D. treatment for video game addiction 73. When addicted video gamers can’t play games, they will feel_______. A. disappointed B. sleepy C. annoyed D. exhausted 74. According to the passage, addicted video gamers hehave in the following ways EXCEPT _______. A. they play games to escape their problems B. they lie about how long they spend gaming
C. they perform badly in their studies D. they often stay away from school 75. After having studied video game addiction, scientists hope that _______. A. parents will prevent their kids from playing games B. the media will arouse people’s awareness of the problem C. parents will stop buying video games for their children D. they will find ways to help families deal with this problem Ⅱ卷 第四部分 写作 (共两节，满分35分) 第一节 任务型读写 (共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分) 认真阅读短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 More than one-million school children in the United States have gone through a program called Reading Recovery. The program is for six-year-olds who are struggling to learn to read. Reading Recovery came to the United States in 1984. Education expert Marie Clay of New Zealand developed the program. A number of other countries also use this method. Programs can differ from school. The Reading Recovery Council of North America says more than 25% of the United States public schools with first grades use the program. The Reading Recovery method calls for a specially trained reading teacher to work with children one at a time. The lessons take a half hour each school day. They employ reading, writing and the study of the letters of the alphabet. Reading Recovery lessons take place for twelve to twenty weeks. During the lessons, the teacher looks for ways that the child seems to learn best. Then the teacher works to help the students develop these strategies to solve problems in reading. The idea is for the students to continue to use and extend these strategies each time they read. Reading Recovery students read many short books. Some of the books are written in a way similar to spoken language. Children alse read and write stories or messages in their own words. The material gets harder with time. The lessons end when the students’ reading ability is within the average level of the class. The Reading Recovery Council of North America says eighty percent of the students who finish the lessons can read and write within their class average. The council is a group with eleven thousand members. The group named a new president this month. Mary Jackson is director of special programs for the Fort Bend public school system in Sugar Land, Texas. Mizz Jackson says more than ninety-nine percent of the Reading Recovery students in the schools passed the state reading examination. Some administrators may not like the higher cost of the Reading Recovery method compared to other ways. Teachers, after all, work with only small numbers of first graders. But supporters say it saves money in the end. They say it helps prevent the sad results and the expense of letting children fail in school. Title: Reading Recovery The 76 of the program Facts about the program Helping children with 77 in learning to read. Time when America it came to 1984 More than a 78 of the Unite States public
The number of schools that
use the program in the US Requirements for the teachers
schools with first grades use the program. ●They must receive 79 and use reading, writing and the study of the letters of the alphabet. ●They must figure out what is the best way for children. ●They help the students develop strategies to slove problems in reading. ●The students should make use of these 80 in reading. ●They read some books 81 in spoken-language style. ●They use their own language to read and write stories or messages.
Requirements for the students
82 of the program Different opinions
●Most students 83 the average level of the class in reading. ●Almost all the students who had 84 training passed the state reading examination. Some say the program is too 85 . Others say it saves money in the long run.
第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 3 月 21 日是“世界睡眠日” 。面对临近的高考，你身边的很多同学在学习上加班加点， 出 现了睡眠不足的现象，严重影响了身体健康和学习。请针对这一情况给《21 世纪报》投稿， 阐述这一现象并提出合理的建议。 词数：120 左右。文章开头已为你写好，不计入总词数。 效率 efficiency 肥胖 obesity 对学习的影响 对健康的危害 你的建议 无法集中注意力 降低学习效率 导致肥胖、心脏病等疾病 易怒、急躁 ……
With the approaching of the College Entrance Examination…
2015 届安庆一中、安师大附中统一考试试卷 英语参考答案
听力 1-20 ACABC ABBAB ACBBA CBABB 单项选择 21-35 CBBDD DAABA CCBAD 完形填空 36-55 阅读理解 ACDD BACCB DBCBB 60-63 ACDAB ABCA DACAD 64-67 ADAC 68-71 BDCD 72-75
任务型读写 76. purpose/ aims/ goal 79. training 82. Effects/Benefits costly
77. difficulty/ problems/ trouble 80. strategies 83. reach 84. received
78. quarter/ fourth 81. Written 85. expensive/
书面表达 With the approaching of the College Entrance Examination, I find many Senior Three students feel sleepy and tired in class. It is obvious that they stay up too late studying. As is known, lack of sleep does great harm to us students. For one thing, it accounts for the fact that we cannot concentrate in class, thus decreasing efficiency. For another, it has been proved that lack of sleep can cause diseases like obesity and heart trouble among young people. Furthermore, people who suffer from lack of sleep get angry and impatient easily. So serious is the problem that we have to find effective solutions to it. First, a good sleeping habit is of vital significance. Going to bed early and getting up early will benefit us both physically and mentally. Also, before going to bed, we should try to relax our minds to help us fall asleep as soon as possible. Besides, it is important for us to improve our learning methods and learn more efficiently, which will save us from staying up too late.