当前位置:首页 >> 高中教育 >>

专题六时态教师时态和语态


高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 专题四---动词时态和语态 考点一、一般现在时 1. 表述客观真理和客观存在及自然现象; 表示习惯性、 经常性的动作, 或经常存在的状态。 常见的时间状语有: often, usually, always,sometimes,now and then 等。 The sun rises in the east and sets in the w

est. 太阳从东方升起,从西边落下。 My parents live in Hong Kong.They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. 我的父母住在香港。他们在那里出生而且从未在别的地方生活过。 2.可用在由 if,unless 引导的条件状语从句;由 when,before,until/till,as soon as,the moment 引导的时间状语从句; 由 even if/though 引导的让步状语从句;由 no matter what/who/when/where/how 或 whatever,whoever 等引导的让步状语 从句中,这时主句往往表将来或主句是祈使句。 My parents have promised to come to see me before I leave for Africa.(2009 年高考辽宁卷) 我父母已经答应在我去非洲之前来看我。 Whatever you say,I will not change my mind. 无论你说什么,我都不会改变主意。 考点二、一般过去时 一般过去时表示过去的事情、动作或状态,常与表示过去的时间状语连用(或上下文语境有暗示);用于表示过去的习惯;表 示说话人原来没有料到、想到的事。 —I've got to go now. ——现在我必须走了。 —Must you?I thought you could stay for dinner with us. ——你必须走吗?我认为你要留下来和我们一起吃饭。 Excuse me,I didn't realize I was blocking your way. 抱歉,我不知道挡了你的路。 The book has been translated into thirty languages since it came on the market in 1973. 该书自从 1973 年上市以来已被译成三十种语言。 考点三、现在完成时 1.在条件、时间、让步状语从句中,表示将来某时以前已完成的动作。 —When shall we restart our business?(2010 年高考四川卷) ——我们何时恢复我们的业务? —Not until we have finished our plan. ——直到我们完成计划。 I will not believe you unless I have seen it with my own eyes. 除非我亲眼看到,我是不会相信你的。 2.现在完成时除可以和 for 或 since 引导的状语连用外,还可以和下面的介词短语连用: during/in/over the last(past)few years(months,weeks),in recent years 等。 下列句型中常用现在完成时: It is(has been)+一段时间+since 从句 This(That/It)is the first(second...)time that+完成时 This is the first time we have seen a film in the cinema together as a family. 这是我们全家第一次到电影院去看电影。 For many years,people have dreamed of electric cars.However,making them has been more difficult than predicted. 多年以来,人们都梦想着电力汽车的出现。但是,制造电力汽车比预想的要难的多。 考点四、过去完成时 1.表示“一……就……”的几个固定句型:Hardly/No sooner/Scarcely had+主语+过去分词+when/than/before+从句(一般过去 时) 。 1

高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 Hardly (No sooner) had I got home when (than) the rain poured down. 我刚到家大雨就倾盆而下。 2.by,by the end,by the time,until,before,since 后接表示过去某一时间的短语或从句,主句用过去完成时。 By the end of last year,another new cinema had been built in our city. 到去年年底,我们城市又建了一个新电影院。 3.表示愿望、打算类的词,如 hope,expect,mean,intend,want,think 等,用过去完成时表示过去未曾实现的愿望或意 图等。 I had meant to help you,but I was too busy at the moment. 我本打算帮助你,但当时我太忙了。 I had intended to call on you yesterday,but someone came to see me just when I was about to leave. 我昨天本来要去看你的,但是刚要出门就有人来访。 考点五、进行时 1.现在进行时 表示说话时正在发生着的一个动作;表示现阶段但不一定是发生在讲话时的一个动作;表近期特定的安排或计划;go,come 等表示起止动作的动词可用进行时表示将来时。 Teenagers are damaging their health because they play computer games too much. 青少年们正在损害自己的健康,因为他们玩的电脑游戏太多了。 He is always thinking of others first.(表赞赏) 他总是先为别人着想。 He is always making the same mistake.(表厌烦) 他总是犯同样的错误。 —I'm not finished with my dinner yet. ——我还没有吃完饭呢。 —But our friends are waiting for us. ——可是朋友们在等我们。 2.过去进行时 (1)表示当时发展中的或正在进行的情况。 —Hey,look where you are going? ——嘿,看看你往哪儿走? —Oh ,I'm terribly sorry.I wasn't noticing. ——噢!非常抱歉!我没注意。 (2)某一动作发生时另一动作正在发生,其中一个在由 when 或 while 引导的时间状语从句中。持续性动作用过去进行时,短 暂性动作用一般过去时。 Tom slipped into the house when no one was looking. 当没人注意的时候,汤姆溜进屋来。 The reporter said that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it. 那位记者说,当他看到时,不明飞行物正在自东向西飞行。 3.将来进行时 将来进行时可用于表示将来某个时刻正在发生的动作或者将来某一段时间内正在进行的动作。 将来进行时常与一些标志性的 时间状语连用。这些常见的标志性状语有:at this 丹尼尔的家人下星期的这时将正在黄山度假。 If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring,you will be eating fresh watermelon in the fall. 如果在春天种下西瓜种子,秋天你就会吃到新鲜的西瓜。 4.现在完成进行时 (1)表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并且现在还在进行。 2 time tomorrow/the day after tomorrow,from 1:30 to 4:30 tomorrow 等。

Daniel's family will be enjoying their holiday in Huangshan this time next week.

高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 I have to see the doctor because I have been coughing a lot lately. 我得去看医生,因为我近来一直咳嗽得很厉害。 I have been learning English since three years ago. 三年以来我一直在学英语。(现在还在学) The workers have been building the bridge for five months. 工人们建造这座桥已经 5 个月了。(现在还在修建) (2)表示从过去某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,在说话时刚刚结束。 Where have you been?We have been looking for you everywhere. 你刚才去了哪里?我们一直在到处找你。 考点六、被动语态 1.get+过去分词表被动 He fell and got hurt. 他摔倒且受伤了。 2.主动形式表被动意义 (1)系动词 look,feel,sound,smell,taste,seem,appear,go,prove,turn 等+形容词/名词。 Ice feels cold.冰摸上去凉。 His plan proved(to be)practical. 他的计划被证明实用。 (2)表示主语的某种属性的词:read,write,act,cut,draw,drive,sell,wash,clean,wear,open,cook,lock,look,shut 等。 The books sell well.这些书畅销。 The door won't lock.门锁不上。 This coat dries easily.这种外衣容易干。 高考试题探究(2006—2011 年) 〖09 四川〗—You speak very good French! —Thanks. I __________ French in Sichuan University for four years. A. studied B. study C. was studying D. had studied

〖08 天津〗He________football regularly for many years when he was young. ? A.was playing B.played? C.has played D.had played

【2011 北京卷,27】——That must have been a long trip. ——Yeah, it ________ us a whole week to get there. A. takes B. has taken C. took D. was taking

【2011 北京卷,32】——Bob has gone to California. ——Oh, can you tell me when he ________ ? A. has left B. left C. is leaving D. would leave

【2011 山东卷,31】When I got on the bus, I________I had left my wallet at home. A. was realizing B. realized C. have realized D. would realize

〖10 重庆〗The book has been translated into thirty languages since it ________on the market in 1973.

3

高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 A. had come B. has come C. came D. comes

〖10 山东〗The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already ______ for a meal to be cooked. A. laid B. laying C. to lay D. being laid

〖07 重庆〗When I called you this morning, nobody answered the phone.Where________?? A.did you go B.have you gone? C.were you D.had you been

〖09 江苏〗-- Ann is in hospital. -- Oh, really? I ________know. I ________go and visit her. A. didn’t; am going to C. don’t; will B. don’t; would D. didn’t; will

【2011 安徽卷, 32】 ——I didn’t ask for the name list. Why ______on my desk? A. does it land B. has it landed C. will it land

——I put it there just now in case you needed it.

D. had it landed

〖10 全国Ⅰ〗When you are home , give a call to let me know you ______ safely. A. are arriving B. have arrived C. had arrived D. will arrive

【2011 陕西卷,12】His first novel________ good reviews since it came out last month. A.receives B.is receiving C.will receive D.has received

【2011 天津卷,3】In the last few years thousands of films________all over the world. A.have produced B. have been produced C. are producing D. are being produced

〖10 山东〗Up to now, the program _______ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved

〖10 湖南〗I’m tired out. I ______ all afternoon and I don’t seem to have finished anything. A. shopped C. had shopped B. have shopped D. have been shopping

〖10 江西〗Mother wanted to be a good provider, a role she _____ since her marriage to Father. A shoulders B shouldered C is shouldering D has been shouldering

〖10 天津〗We________on this project for four hours. Let’s have a rest. A. are working B. have been working C. worked D. had worked

〖10 重庆〗-----Why do you want to work for our company? -----This is the job that I________for. A. looked B. am to look C. had looked D. have been looking

〖09 陕西〗This is the first time went______ a film in the cinema together as a family. 4

高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 A. see B. had seen C. saw D. have seen

〖09 上海〗Mary went to the box office at lunch time, but all the tickets ____out. A. would sell B. had sold C. have sold D. was selling

【2011 四川卷,19】——What a mistake! ——Yes. I A.was suggesting his doing it another way, but without success. B.will suggest C.would suggest D.had suggested

【2011 福建卷,32】Last month, the Japanese government expressed their thanks for the aid they________from China. A.receive B.are receiving C.have received D.had received everything!

【2011 山东卷,35】She was surprised to find the fridge empty; the child A. had been e ating B. had eaten C. have eaten D. have been eating

【2011 辽宁卷,34】By the time Jack returned home from England, his son________ from college. A. graduated B. has graduated C. had been graduating D. had graduated

【2011 天津卷,4】On her next birthday, Ann________married for twenty years. A.is B.has been C.will be D.will have been

【2011 江苏卷,23】——Tommy is planning to buy a car. ——I know. By next month, he A. saves B .saved enough for a used one. C.will save D. will have saved

〖10 辽宁〗I _______ all the cooking for my family, but recently I’ve been too busy to do it. A. will do B. do C. am doing D. had done

〖10 重庆〗The palace caught fire three times in the last century, and little of the original building _______now. A. remains B. is remained C. is remaining D. has been remained

〖09 天津〗My parents _____ in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. A. live B. lived C. were living D. will live for Africa.

〖09 辽宁〗My parents have promised to come to see me before I _______ A. have left B. leave C. left D. will leave

〖09 重庆〗Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future ______to the well-educated. A. belongs B. is belonged C. is belonging D. will be belonged

【2011 上海春招,32】A lot of people often forget that oral exams________to test our communicative ability. A. design B. are designed 5

高考英语语法学案 2013/7/29 C. are designing D. are being designed 【2011 湖南卷,22】——John, what ________in your hand? ——Look! It’s a birthday gift for my grandma. A had you held B are you holding C do you hold D will you hold

【2011 湖南卷,27】In 1492, Columbus________on one of the Bahama islands, but he mistook it for an island off India. A. lands B. landed C. has landed D.had landed .

【2011 辽宁卷,28】I'll go to the library as soon as I finish what I________ A. was doing B. am doing C. have done

D. had been doing

〖07 全国Ⅱ〗—Is there anything wrong, Bob? You look sad.? —Oh, nothing much.In fact, I A.have just thought C.would just think _______of my friends back home.? B.was just thinking? D.will just be thinking

〖07 北京〗—It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home. ? —Oh, don’t mention it. I________past your house anyway.? A.was coming B.will come? C.had come D.have come

〖07 福建〗—I saw Jane and her boyfriend in the park at eight yesterday evening. ? —Impossible.She________TV with me in my home then.? A.watched B.had watched? C.would watch D.was watchin

〖10 天津〗Traditional folk arts of Tianjin like paper cutting ________at the culture show of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. A. are exhibiting B. is exhibiting C. are being exhibited D. is being exhibited

〖09 江苏〗--- Hi, Terry, can I use your computer for a while this afternoon? --- Sorry. ________. A. It’ s repaired C. It’s being repaired B. It has been repaired D. It had been repaired

〖08 江西〗—Do you think we should accept that offer?? —Yes, we should, for we________such bad luck up till now, and time________out. A.have had;is running C.have;has been run 〖08 浙江〗—What’s that noise?? —Oh, I forgot to tell you.The new machine________.? A.was tested B.will be tested? C.is being tested D.has been tested 6 B.had;is running? D.have had;has been run


相关文章:
语法精讲:专题6_时态和语态
专题六时态 时态和语态 英语中不同时间和方式发生的动作或状态要用谓语动词的不同形式来表示,这种表示动 作或状态发生时间和方式的动词形式称作动词时态。时间主要...
专题六 动词的时态和语态
专题六 动词的时态和语态考点一 动词的时态 1.(2014 重庆,4)You’d better ...2014年幼儿园教师资格考... 2014教师资格中学教育知... 相关文档推荐 暂无相关...
专题六-动词的时态和语态
专题六 动词的时态和语态考点一、一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时 2. Around...have worked; are still working 考点六、各种时态的被动语态 1. If nothing ...
2016届高考英语 专题六 动词的时态和语态
2016届高考英语 专题六 动词的时态和语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题六 动词...从句中 的时态应该和主句中的时态保持一致,而不是和直接引语中的时态保持一致。...
专题6 动词的时态和语态
it 和 broadcast 之间为被动关系,且在这个周末发生,因此用将来时态的被动语态。...专题推荐 2014下半年教师资格...专题 2014教师资格材料分析辅... 2014小学教师...
动词的时态和语态教师版
动词的时态和语态教师版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。...6. 有些动词不用于进行时态。 ① 感觉类:look, ...专题推荐 2014教师资格材料分析辅... 2014小学教师...
专题六动词的时态和语态
C.has broken D.was breaking 专题六 动词的时态和语态 1. 【解析】选 B。...根据时间状语 in the last few years 可确定时态为现在完成时,然后根 据 ...
语法专题6时态和语态及答案解析
s health. A.show;are B.shows;is C.show;is D.shows;are 语法专题六 时态和语态 1.C 提前这么长时间筹划没有意义,很多事情到明年都会变化的。根据语境...
教师语法专题一:动词的时态和语态(步步高)
教师语法专题一:动词的时态和语态(步步高)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题一◆动词时态的考查要点 1.一般现在时考点分析 动词的时态和语态 (1)表示客观事实或普遍...
专题六 动词的时态和语态
专题六 动词的时态和语态 动词的时态 2012 年高考题组 1.“Life is like walking in the snow”,Granny used to say,“because every step .”(2012 新课标...
更多相关标签: