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阅读填空七选五


阅读填句(七选五)
题型解读:
试题模式为:给出一篇缺少 5 个句子的文章,对应有七个选项,要求同学们 根据文章结构、内容,选出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。 《考试说明》对该题 型命题目的的表述为“主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义 的理解和掌握。” 新题型七选五其实跟传统题型完形填空有相似之处,完形填空空出的是词, 而七选五空出的是句子,

但是他们的考察方式都是一样的, 只要考生选择的答案能 够使行文连贯,符合英文的语法以及习惯表达就行,因此,这两类题型在做题方法 上有共通之处。 另外,从该题型给出的选项中我们可以发现一些特点:该题型选项大致可分 为主旨概括句(文章整体内容) 、过渡性句子(文章结构)和注释性句子(上下文 逻辑意义)三类。另外两个多余的干扰项也可以通过这三个特点来排除,例如主旨 概括句要么过于宽泛要么以偏概全或偏离主题, 过渡性句子不能反映文章的行文结 构,注释性句子与上文脱节等

例如:[2014· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 Tips for cooking on a tight schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don't cook more often: ability, money, and time. __36__ Money is a topic I'll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I'm already hungry and there's nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already? __37__ 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? __38__ It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. __39__ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule.
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Hopefully that gives you a good start. __40__ And don't let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

七选五题型解题技巧
1、先看选项。 跟完形填空不一样,七选五的答案选项较少,并且给出的都是句子,因此, 我们可以通过句子的完整性或者句子后面的标点符号来判断该句在文章中的位置。 另外,通过阅读选项,有可能找出跟其他选项表达完全不同意思的句子,这样的话 我们就可以直接将该选项排除。 2、再看空前空后。 由于七选五空出的是整个句子,而这些句子与句子之间,必然有一种联系, 因此我们可以通过选项中某个名词或动词跟空前或空后的一致性或者相关性来确 定这两个句子之间有一种关联性,从而选择正确的答案。 3、注意代词或定冠词。 在做这类题目的时候,一定要注意句子中出现的人称代词或者指示代词,因 为我们知道, 代词是指代一个名词或者一个句子的, 然后通过代词在句子中所做的 成分我们可以推断出它指代的句子的类型, 我们要做的就是从选项中找这类句型就 可以了。 4、注意一些特殊疑问词。 如果选项中或空前出现特殊疑问词,一定要把这句话仔细读几遍,因为对于 不同特殊疑问词的回答方式是不一样的,比如对 why 的回答,后面要有 because 等表原因的词,对 when 的回答,后面要有表时间的状语,对 where 的回答,后面 要有表地点的名词,对 how 的回答,后面要有方式状语等。 5、注意一些连词。 如一些表示转折的连词,but,However,yet,though,nevertheless 等,另外 还有一些表示并列关系的连词如 and,also,as well as,neither…nor,either…or, not only...but also,on one hand....on the other hand 等。因为这些连词可以表现句子 与句子之间的关系,通过不同的连词我们可以推知句子与句子之间不同的关系。 解题步聚:1. 通读全文,了解文章大意。 2. 通读答案,找出和文章相对应的关键词。

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3. 根据文章整体结构、具体内容,并结合关键词,将选项填入文中。 4.将所选答案代入文中,再次通读全文,重点考查逻辑关系和关联结构。 5. 研究多余选项,确定排除理由,最终确定答案。

阅读填句(七选五)高考真题
1.[2014· 辽宁卷] Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty per cent of Americans worry about losing eyesight,but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight: · Schedule yearly exams.__36__ Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment,including eyeglasses. · Protect against UV rays(紫外线).Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is,it's extremely important to wear sunglasses.__37__ · Give your eyes a break. Twothirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products.__38__ Experts recommend that people practise the 20/20/20 rule:every 20 minutes,take a 20second break and look at something 20 feet away. · __39__ As part of a healthy diet,eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins(维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. · Practise safe wear and care of contact lenses( 隐形眼镜).Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk.__40__ Otherwise,you may have problems such as red eyes,pain in the eyes,or a more serious condition. A.Eat your greens. B.Eye care should begin early in life. C.They can properly protect your eyes. D.Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E.Parents usually don't care about their own eyesight. F.Always follow the doctor's advice for appropriate wear. G.This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness.

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2. (2013 新课标全国Ⅰ) Business is the organized approach to providing customers with the goods and services they want. The word business also refers to an organization that provides these goods and services. Most businesses seek to make a profit(利润)—that is, they aim to achieve income that is more than the costs of operating the business.1. Commonly called nonprofits, these organizations are primarily nongovernmental service providers.2. Business management is a term used to describe the techniques of planning, direction, and control of the operations of a business.3. One is the establishment ( 制定 )of broad basic policies with respect to production; sales; the purchase of equipment, materials and supplies; and accounting.4. The third relates to the establishment of standards of work in all departments. Direction is concerned primarily with supervision(监管)and guidance by the management in authority.5. A. Control includes the use of records and reports to compare actual work with the set standards for work. B. In this connection there is the difference between top management and operative management. C. Examples of nonprofit businesses include such organizations as social service agencies and many hospitals. D. However, some businesses only seek to earn enough to cover their operating costs. E. Planning in business management has three main aspects. F. In the theory of business management, organization has two main aspects. G. The second aspect relates to the application of these policies by departments. 3.(2013 新课标全国Ⅱ) Public Speaking Training ●Get a coach 1. ,so get help. Since there are about a billion companies out there all ready to offer you public speaking training and courses, here are some things to look for when deciding the training that’s right for you. ●Focus on positives Any training you do to become more effective at public speaking should always focus on the positive aspects of what you already do well. Nothing can hurt confidence more than being told that you aren’t doing well.2. ,so good public speaking training should develop those instead
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of telling you what you shouldn’t do. ●3. If you find a public speaking course that looks as though it’s going to give you lots of dos and don’ts, walk away! Your brain is so full of what you’re going to be talking about.4. As far as we’re concerned, there are basically no hard and fast rules about public speaking. Your audience can be your friends. ●You are a special person not a clone Most importantly, good public speaking training should treat you as a special one, with your own personal habits.5. Your training course should help you bring out your personality, not try to turn you into someone you’re not. A. You aren’t like anybody else B. You already do lots of things well C. Turn your back on too many rules D. Check the rules about dos and don’ts E. Whatever the presentation, public speaking is tough F. The one thing you don’t want is for them to fall asleep G. So trying to force a whole set of rules into it will just make things worse 4. (2013 辽宁) Forgiveness To forgive is a virtue, but no one has ever said it is easy. When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your hate. However, forgiveness is possible, and it can be surprisingly beneficial to your physical and mental health. People who forgive show less sadness, anger and stress and more hopefulness, according to a recent research. 1. Try the following steps: Calm yourself.2. You can take a couple of breaths and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love. Don’t wait for an apology. Many times the person who hurt you does not intend to apologize. hey may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way.3. Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean becoming friends again with the person who upset you. Take the control away from your offender(冒犯者). Rethinking about your hurt gives power to the person who caused you pain. Instead of focusing on your wounded feelings, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you.
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4. If you understand your offender, you may realize that he or she was acting out of unawareness, fear, and even love. You may want to write a letter to yourself from your offender’s point of view. Don’t forget to forgive yourself.5. But it can rob you of your self-confidence if you don’t do it. A. Why should you forgive? B. How should you start to forgive? C. Recognize the benefits of forgiveness. D. Try to see things from your offender’s angle. E. For some people, forgiving themselves is the biggest challenge. F. To make your anger die away, try a simple stress-management technique. G. If you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting an awfully long time. 5.(2012 新课标全国) Kids’ health: Four steps for fighting stress Everybody gets stressed from time to time.1. Some ways of dealing with stress—like screaming or hitting someone—don’t solve (解决) much. But other ways, like talking to someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better. Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed: (1)Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to a trusted adult, such as a parent or other relatives.2. They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet. (2)Don’t take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, hat’s not a good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don’t take it out on yourself.3. (3)Try to solve the problem. After you’re calm and you have support from adults and friends, it’s time to get down to business.4. Even if you can’t solve it all, you can solve a piece of it. (4)Be positive. Most stress is temporary(暂时的).Remember stress does go away, especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it. These steps aren’t magic, but they do work. And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time, you’ll help yourself feel better even faster.5.
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A. Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situation. B. Notice your friends’ feelings and find a way to help them. C. Different people feel stress in different ways. D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone. E. You need to figure out what the problem is. F. And don’t forget about your friends. G. Then, find a way to calm down. 6.(2012 辽宁) How to Make Friends Friendship is a very important human relationship and everyone needs good friends. Good friendship has many benefits. It offers companionship, improves self-worth and promotes good health. There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leave us without a friend.1. But for many of us the process is difficult and requires courage. Below are some helpful suggestions on how to make and keep friends. 1. Associate with others. The first step to making friends is associating with other people. You can go to public places to meet new people. Besides, you will need to make yourself known by becoming an active member of such places. 2. Start a conversation. Starting a conversation is the second most important step in making new friends.2. You can always start the conversation. Being able to make small talk is a very useful skill in relating with other people. 3. Choosing friends with common interests is important in building friendship as these interests would always bring you and your friend together. Hanging out will always be a pleasant experience. 4. Let it grow. It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend.4. The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally. 5. Enjoy your friendship. The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves.5. Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you. A. Be cheerful.
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B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you. 7. (2011 新课标全国) Money Matters Parents should help their children understand money.1. So you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example. 1. The basic function of money Begin explaining the basic function of money by showing how people trade money for goods or services. It is important to show your child how money is traded for the things he wants to have. If he wants to have a toy, give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier (收银员).2. When your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money, you can start explaining more complex ways of using money. 2. Money lessons Approach money lessons with openness and honesty.3. If you must say no to a child’s request to spend money, explain, “You have enough toy trucks for now.” Or, if the request is for many different things, say, “You have to make a choice between this toy and that toy.” 3.4. Begin at the grocery store. Pick out two similar brands of a product —a name-brand butter and a generic (无商标产品),for example. You can show your child how to make choices between different brands of a product so that you can save money.5. If he chooses the cheaper brand, allow him to make another purchase with the money saved. Later, you may explain how the more expensive choice leaves less money for other purchases. A. Wise decisions B. The value of money C. Permit the child to choose between them. D. Tell your child why he can—or cannot—have certain things. E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. F. Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store. G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest.
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