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外研版必修三Module1


Introduction

Country

Capital

Language English 3 French 4 Italian 6 Greek Portuguese 9 Spanish German

1 London United Kingdom 2 France Paris Italy Rome 5 Greece Athens 7 Portugal Lisbon 8 Spain Madrid 10 Berlin Germany

Words

Usage

across on the other side of 在…另一边

having one thing on one side and sth between else on the other 在…之间 off
to on in

away from 远离 on/off the coast
in the direction 在…的外面

next to, along the side of 接壤, 在河


within a place or area 在…内部

Function: Describing location On page 4(2)(4)

Italy is in the south of Europe Portugal is to the west of Spain. Barcelona is on the northwest coast of Spain. in/ to/ on the south of … in the south of 在……的南部,常指在某一 范围 to the south of在……的南边,常指超出了 某一范围。 on the south of 在……的南面, 强调两者毗 邻,接壤。

Jilin Province lies in the northeast of China.
Jilin Province lies to the northeast of Hebei Province.

Korea lies on the northeast of China.

1. What’s the difference between on the coas and off the coast.? On the coast means that the place is actually on the land, where it meets the sea;off the coast means that the place is an island (or on an island) not far from the mainland.
2.What’s the difference between across and between?

across means that something is on the other side eg.There's a bank right across the river. between refers to the “thing” which separates two objects, places or people e.g. There is a river between the two parts of the city;

Complete these sentences using correct prepositions. on 1. Paris is situated __________ the River Seine. 2. France and England face each other _________ across the English Channel. 3. There is a mountain range __________ between France and Italy. 4. Barcelona is a city ______ on the coast of Spain. off the coast of 5. Britain is an island _____ continental Europe.

Complete these sentences using correct prepositions or prepositional phrases. between China and Russia. 1.Mongolia is ________ 2.China is _________________ to the northeast of of India. 3.Guangzhou is in ____________ the south of China. between 4. Shenyang is ____________ Beijing and Harbin. 5. The Qinghai ---Tibet Plateau(高原 ) is ________________ in the southwest of China.

look at these prepositions or prepositional phrases. Find which ones can be used to describe locations and which ones can be used to describe movement .(3) on the left on the right between in front of to behind near next to opposite above below beside with from

Locations : on the left, on the right , between, in front of, behind , near , next to . opposite, above , below, beside. Movement: to, from (“with” is extra.)

Write sentences to describe geographical area of China. Give some places : Such as Jinan, Qingdao, Shandong Province, Shanghai, Beijing. Example: Chongqing is situated on the Yangtze River.

用适当的介词填空: 1.Shanxi is ____ the north of China. 2.Beinjing lies___ the of Shanghai. 3.Xiamen lies___the coast of China. 4.Hainan is ___ the southern coast of China. 5.Nanchang is ___the Jingjiu Railway 6.There is a bank right____ the street.

1.At the meeting placee of the Yangtze River and jialing River__, One of the largest cities in China. A.lies Chongqing B.Chongqing lies C.does lie Chongqing D.does Chongqing lies 2.On the wall___two pictures. A.are hung B.hung C.hangs D.are hanged

Reading & cultural corner

Eiffel Tower 埃菲尔铁塔

The Eiffel Tower

是1887年1月26日动工,1889年5 月15日开放的,距今已有100多年 的历史了.埃菲尔铁塔占地一公顷, 耸立在巴黎市区赛纳河畔的战神广 场上。除了四个脚是用钢筋水泥之 外,全身都用钢铁构成,塔身总重 量7000吨。塔分三层,第一层高 57米,第二层115米,第三层 274米。除了第三层平台没有缝隙 外,其他部分全是透空的。从塔座 到塔顶共有1711级阶梯,现已安 装电梯,故十分方便。每一层都设 有酒吧和饭馆,供游客在此小憩, 领略独具风采的巴黎市区全景:每 逢晴空万里,这里可以看到远达 70公里之内的景色。

Triumphal Arch 凯旋门

Louvre 卢浮宫

The Louvre 始建于12世纪末,当时是用作防御目的, 后来经过一系列的扩建和修缮逐渐成为一个金碧辉煌的王 宫。如今博物馆收藏的艺术品已达40万件,其中包括雕 塑,绘画,美术工艺及古代东方,古代埃和古希腊罗马等 7个门类。1981年,法国政府这座精美的建筑进行了大规 模的整修,从此卢浮宫成了专业博物馆。卢浮宫正门入口 处有一个透明金字塔建筑,设计者就是著名的美籍华人建 筑师贝聿铭。

巴黎圣母院 Cathedral of Notre Dame

Versailles 凡尔赛宫

Acropolis 雅典卫城

Acropolis Hill(卫城)是雅典以及全希腊的一颗明 珠,是雅典民主的象征。卫城海拔156米,从雅 典市的任何地方都可以看到。自然的山体使人们 只能从西侧登上卫城。卫城设有蓝白相间的希腊 国旗,从这里可以俯瞰整个雅典城。

The Parthenon(帕特农神庙)意即处女 庙,是供奉雅典城的保护神雅典娜女 神的处所。

Sagrada Familia 圣家大教堂

Sagrada Familia(圣家赎罪堂, 又名神圣家族大教堂),是由西 班牙最伟大的建筑设计师高迪 设计的,无论你身处巴塞罗那 的哪一方,只要抬起头就能看 到它。这座教堂从高迪在世时 直到现在都在不停地建造,已 经一个多世纪了,仍未造完, 在它高高的塔顶上仍是布满了 脚手架。 这是一座象征主义建 筑,分为三组,描绘出东方的

基督诞生、基督受难及西

方的 死亡,它的四座尖塔代
表了十二位基督圣徒;圆顶覆 盖的后半部则象征圣母玛利亚。 它的墙面主要以当地的动植物 形象作为装饰,正面的三道门

Edinburgh

比萨斜塔

Read the text quickly and silently. And then finish Activity 1. (on page 2) (A) 1. a landmark in Paris (C) 2. an art gallery in Florence ( D) 3. a church in Barcelona ( B) 4.. a building in Athens.
A.The Eiffel Tower B. The Parthenon C. The Uffizi Palace . D. The Sagrada Familia.

the Eiffel Tower

the Parthenon

the Uffizi Palace
The Uffizi Palace ----乌飞齐美术馆 由日本建筑家Arata Isozaki设计的,其特点是由一个布满天窗的天蓬平铺在 24米高的石柱横梁上。

the Sagrada Familia.

Match the words in the box with their definitions. On page 3(2-4) ancient architect landmark locate sculpture writer

1.someone who designs building __________. architect 2.to be in a certain place _____________. locate 3.something that is easy to recognize, such as landmark a building _____________ 4.someone who produces novel or poems. writer ______________

ancient architect landmark locate sculpture writer 5.a large building where people can see gallery famous pieces of art. _______________ 6. the art of making things out of stone and sculpture wood, etc. _______________ ancient 7. of a time long ago. _____________.

1.Which of the cities are capital cities? Athens and Paris 2.Which one is situated on the coast? Barcelona 3.Which is famous for its places to eat? Paris 4.Which ones are or were important cities for writers and artists? Paris and Athens 5.Which was the world’s greatest city a long time ago? Athens

Decide if these sentences are true or false 1. The Eiffel Tower is a tall building in France. ( T ) 2. There are a lot of restaurants and cafés in Paris.( T ) 3. Barcelona is the capital of Spain. ( F) 4. The Church of the Sagrada Familia was built in 1926. ( F ) 5.The artistic movement called the Renaissance began in Florence. ( T ) 6.The Uffizi Palace is a famous hotel in Florence ( F )

7. There were a lot of good writers in ancient Athens. ( T ) 8.A long time ago, Athens was the world’s most powerful city. ( T )

欧洲的大城市

巴黎 巴黎是法国的首都,也是法国最大的 城市,坐落在塞纳河畔。它是世界上最美 丽的城市之一,每年有八百多万游客前来 参观。最受游客欢迎的旅游景点是埃菲尔 铁塔,它是巴黎著名的象征。世界上最大 的艺术博物馆之一——卢浮宫——也位于 巴黎。这个城市也以餐馆、咖啡馆和剧院 而闻名。法国约三分之二的艺术家和作家 住在巴黎。

巴塞罗那 巴塞罗那是西班牙第二大城市, 位于(西班牙的)东北海岸线上, 距离首都马德里东部五百公里处。 巴塞罗那最有名的标志性建筑之一 是圣家大教堂,由建筑家安东尼 奥· 高迪设计。高迪从1882年起从事 这项工程直至1926年逝世。至今教 堂还没完工。

佛罗伦萨 佛罗伦萨是一座因文艺复兴而闻名 的意大利城市,这场艺术运动始于14世 纪并且延续了300年。在文艺复兴时期, 历史上一些最伟大的画家在佛罗伦萨生 活和工作。佛罗伦萨许多最美的画作和 雕像都出自于莱奥纳多· 达· 芬奇和米开朗 琪罗这样的艺术大师。佛罗伦萨每年大 约有一百万旅游者来访,他们都是来参 观艺术馆,教堂和博物馆的。其中乌飞 齐美术馆最为著名。

雅典

雅典是希腊的首都,作为西方 文明的发祥地而闻名于世。2400年 前,它是世界上最强大的城市。一 些诸如雅典卫城山上的巴特农神庙 那样的建筑都是在这段时期建造的。 希腊最为著名的作家就居住在古雅 典。他们的作品影响了后世的作家。

Oral Practice: Suppose you’re a tour guide, how do you introduce Beijing to travelers?

Tian’anmen Square

How to introduce a city? country Location (+area) Landmarks/famous places of interest why famous history climate People transportation food ……

You may start like this: Hello, everyone. I’m a tour guide. Today I’d like to introduce a great city to you. Bird’s …is located/ is situated/lies/is ….. …is famous for/as/to…… Nest …the popular places are … symbol …nice weather/neither too cold nor the Great Wall too hot/The weather agrees with you … convenient transportation/It is the Summer Palace convenient for you to … ….friendly

Peking Roast Duck the Forbidden City

Beijing
interesting places and famous local food:

Tian’anmen Square

the Great Wall

Summer Palace

the Forbidden City

Peking Roast Duck

Hello, everyone. I’m a tour guide. Today I’d like to introduce Beijing, the capital of China, to you. Beijing, which covers an area of 16,808 square kilometers, is located in the north of China. It is famous for many places of interest, such as the forbidden city, the summer palace, the Temple of Heaven, and so on. One of the most popular places is the Great Wall. The Great Wall ,which runs across North China like a huge dragon, is the symbol of the wisdom of the ancient Chinese.( Located in Chaoyang District, northeast of Beijing, the attractive National Stadium is also called the Bird’s Nest, where the opening

And it’s very convenient to go wherever you want to (go) by bus, by taxi or by subway( Taking the subway is much more convenient and cheaper than taking the bus while travelling around Beijing). The weather here agrees with you very much. Remember to enjoy some delicious food in Beijing. Peking Roast Duck tastes pretty delicious. Once you have tasted it, you will never forget it. Beijing is really a place (which is) worth visiting. I’m sure you will be deeply impressed by the friendly people and a new Beijing!/I hope

1.Taiwan is ______ the east of Fujian and lies _______ the east of China. A. in; in B. in; to C. to; / D. to; /in 2. The Yellow River is _____ river in China. A. the second longer B. the second long C. the longest second D. the second longest 3. He lives in a village ________ the river. A. on B. through C. across D. over

D

D

AC

4. —Do you know how long ____ B the film ______? —Nearly two hours. A. is; lasted B. does; last C. is; taken D. does; spend 5. The country is a small island _____ C the south coast of the Pacific Ocean. A. of B. from C. off D. on 6. When I came in, he was working ____ Da drawing. A. at B. out C. with D. on

7. Rizhao lies ____ the southeast of Shandong Province which lies ____ B the east of Shanxi Province that is ____ the west of Hebei Province. A. in; on; to B. in; to; on C. to; in; on D. to; in; on 8. Our school, which has 8,000 students, ____ A on the beach of the Yellow Sea. A. is situated B. situate C. situating D. situation

9. Liqun Department Store is ____ A right in the center of the city. A. located B. locating C. locate D. be locating 10. Guo Jingming who is a 22 years old college student ______ C his novel City of Fantasy. A. is known as B. is knowing as C. is known for D. is known to

11. Rizhao _____ A a harbour city and it ______ its beauty and people such as Liu Xie, Ding Zhaozhong. A. is know as; is better known for B. is known for; is better known as C. is known as; is well known for D. is known for; is good known as

12. The Red Army overcame many difficulties during the Long March, _____ B the snow mountain, _____ the river and _____ the forest. A. over; through; across B. over; across; through C. across; through; over D. across; over; through


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