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英语语法试题


英语语法试题
Ⅰ.单项选择题(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) Choose the best answer from the choices given: 1.When they arrived at the airport, the plane _____ A.already set off B.set off already C.had alr

eady set off D.has already set off 2.The moon _____ around the earth. A.move B.moves C.will move D.has moved 3.If I _____ you, I would give up the job. A.am B.be C.was D.were 4._____ there be life on Mars? A.May B.Can C.Might D.Ought 5.She pretended not _____ interested but her eyes betrayed her. A.to be B.be C.being D.been 6.He aimed his gun _____ me. A.to B.at C.on D.into 7.Stay _____ have dinner with us, will you? A.to B.or C.and D.here 8.You can use my car, _____ you promise to be back before lunch. A.as for as B.as much as 1

C.as good as D.as long as 9.Mary listened carefully _____ she might dicover exactly what John wanted. A.so as that B.in order that C.in case D.provided 10.A:What will you be doing in the summer? B:_____ English in a high school. A.To teach B.Teaching C.Will be teaching D.Will teach 11.Is this the first time you _____ Beijing ? A.have visited B.would visit C.visited D.have been visiting 12.Great as Einstein was, many of this assumptions _____ today and modified by contemporary scientists. A.are to challenge B.may be challenged C.are challenging D.have been challenged 13.You _____ be shocked at the news. A.should well B.must well C.may well D.can well 14.He _____ possibly be serious, and nobody takes it seriously. A.shouldn't B.can't C.mustn't D.shan't 15.He didn't permit me _____. A.explaining B.explained C.explain D.to explain 2

16.Many of them died _____ the disease. A.in B.for C.of D.among 17.The government has promised to do all _____ lies in its power to help. A.which B.that C.() D.the 18.The person _____ I complained is the manager. A.who B.to whom C.whom D.to who 19.He went to bed _____ he finished his work. A.at the moment B.the moment C.in a moment D.by the moment 20.The evidence is invalid _____ it was obtained through illegal means. A.so that B.that C.since that D.in that Ⅱ.选择题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分) Fill in the blanks with one of the following items: 21.is, are, being, people, peoples The Chinese, like many other _______ in the Far East, _______ extremely hard-working. 22.is, are, was, were, itself, himself, themselves Chicago Bulls _______ enjoying _______ at the celebration party for the fifth NBA championship. 23.prefer, prefers, is, are, was, were, will be, shall be 3

One-third of the students _______ willing to write course papers but ten percent of the teachers _______ in-class examinations. 24.be, is, was, are ,were, will be, shall be, has, have had a.She is one of these girls who _______ trouble running around. b.This one of the many houses here which _______ destroyed in the earthquake. Put the following words in appropriate groups: 25.green, greens, greenery, salads, salad, salad's Her sister didn't give her anything on her birthday but a small _______ Chinese _______ spoon. 26.The early; Early; The earlier; the soon; sooner; the sooner _______ you start, _______ you'll get it done. 27.billiards, bronchitis, deer, dominoes, sheep, Vietnamese a. Singular only:_______ b. Both singular and plural:_______ 28.butter, desk, fish, laughter, people, thunder a. Countable nouns:_______ b.Uncountabel nouns:_______ Ⅲ.填空(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) Fill in the blanks with assertive, non-assertive or negative words: 29.It's strange that she should _______ repeat the mistake. 4

30.He refused to stay here _______ longer. Fill in the blanks with proper forms of the given verb phrases: 31.It is very typical of you. You _______ (always lose) things. 32.She _______ (entitle to) a repayment of her damaged car. 33.We never imagined him _______ (stay) at home for a whole week. Fill in the blanks with proper words: 34.This is our _______ important task so far. 35.I like Australia best _______ all the English speaking countries. 36.I made a comparison _______ the major English speaking countries. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate coordinator or subordinator: 37.He never came _______ when he was in trouble. 38.I think it best _______ you should stay here. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate relative pronoun: 39.They eat the finest food _______ is available. 40.That _______ was bitter to endure may be sweet to remember. 41.He feared lest people should think him impractical, _______ he was not. 5

Fill in the blanks with WH-words: 42.A:″I'm going to Beijing this weekend.″ B:″_______ for?″ 43.A:″_______ come he's failed in the exam? ″ B:″He's been absent from class for a whole month.″ Fill in the blanks with an appropriate form of the given words: 44.It is highly desirable that a new president _______ (appoint) for this university. 45.Rather than _______ (repair)it, he decided to sell the car. 46.She came much _______(early) than we expected. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate pronoun: 47.She could pass _______ a much younger woman. 48.Look _______ you and decide if you like your position. Ⅳ.改错(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) Correct errors in the following sentences: 49.She's got a parrot no the shoulder. 50.Have you heard this new idea of the boss? 51.He watched each gesture of her as if she was a stranger. 52.I saw that stupid boyfriend of Mary yesterday. 53.John F.Kennedy was President of United States in 1961. 54.A great deal of illness originates in mind. 55.The all of Paris welcomed the general. 6

56.I haven't seen him whole day. Ⅴ.改写唏子(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) Rewrite the following sentences as required: 57.Turn the singular nouns or noun phrases into plural forms wherever possible with other necessary changes: The passer-by stopped and put his hand into his trouser pocket. 58.Write a counter-factual condition based on the given fact: Alexandra the great died because of the attention from too many physicians. 59.Use modal verbs: I just don't believe that the line has been engaged all this time. Maybe there's a fault on it. 60.Turn the clause into an infinitive phrase: It's good idea that we do not permit smoking in this area. 61.Combine sentences using coordination and/or subordination: You are in doubt about deductions on our tax return. Call the IRS collect. 62.Combine sentences using coordination and/or subordination: We carved their names on the stone. Our purpose was to have future generations know what they had done. 63.Combine the sentences into one that contains a relative clause: 7

My boss is a very considerate person. His predecessor was not a considerate person at all. 64.Rewrite the following sentence using a disjunct: It is more important that the government should always be responsive to the public opinions. 65.Improve the following sentence: Excessive exposure to violence on TV is more harmful than expected to children. 66.Use cleaving for place adjunct: Jack revealed Tom's scandal at the party. 67.Rewrite the following sentence using whatever cohesive device is appropriate: A:Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B:No, I don't think John is trying to enter Harvard Law School. He hates lawyers. 68.Rewrite the following sentence using whatever cohesive device is appropriate: A:Can I have these apples, Mum? B:You just had a big apple. 69.Rewrite the following sentence using whatever cohesive device is appropriate: I learned to pack light early in life. I had to pack light early in 8

life. Ⅵ.名词解释(本大题 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分) Define the following terms with examples: 70.Peredictive meaning of modal auxiliaries 71.Define ″ellipsis″ with two examples. Ⅶ.简答题(本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分) Answer the following questions with the help of examples: 72.List two situations in which simple present is used to refer to the past. 73.What are non-finite verbs? 74.What role does ″there″ play in the existential sentence from a communicative point of view?

英语语法试题参考答案 课程代码:00831

Ⅰ.单项选择题(每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 9

1.C 2.B 3.d 4.B 5.A 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.B 10.B 11.A 12.D 13.C 14.B 15.D 16.C 17.B 18.B 19.B 20.D Ⅱ.选择题(每小题 2 分,共 16 分) 21.people; are 22.Chicago bulls (were) enjoying (themselves) at the celebration party for the fifth NBA championship 23.One-third of the students (were) willing to write course papers but ten percent of the teachers(prefer)in-class

examinations. 24.a) She is one of these girls who (have) trouble running around. b) This is one of the many houses here which(were) destroyed in the earthquake. 25.Her sister didn't give her anything on her birthday but a small green Chinese. salad spoon. 26. The earlier you start, the sooner you'll get it done. 27.a)billiards, bronchitis, dominoes; b) deer, sheep, Vietnamese 28.a)desk, fish, people 10

v)butter, laughter, thunder Ⅲ.填空(每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 29.ever 30.any 31.are always losing 32.is entitled to 33.staying 34.most 35.among 36.between 37.except 38.that 39.that(用 which 应看作错误) 40.which 41.which 42.What 43.How 44.be appointed 45.repair 46.earlier 47.for 48.about/around/round Ⅳ.改错(每小题 1 分,共 8 分) 49.She's got a parrot on her shoulder. 50.Have you heard this new idea of the boss's. 51.He watched each gesture of hers as if she was a stranger. 52.I saw that stupid boyfriend of Mary's yesterday. 53.John F.Kennedy was president of the United States in 1961. 54.A great deal of illness originates in the mind. 55.All/The whole of Paris welcomed the general. 56.I haven't seen him all/the whole day. Ⅴ.改写句子(每题 2 分,共 26 分) 57.The passers-by stopped and put their hands into their trouser pockets. 58.If it had not been for too many physicians, Alexandra the 11

great wouldn't have died. 59.The line can't have been engaged all the time. There could/may/might be a fault on it. 60.It's a good idea not to permit smoking in this area. 61.when/if(you are) in doubt about deductions on our tax return, call the IRS collect. 62.We carved their names on the stone so that /in order that future generations should/might know what they had done. 63.My boss is a very considerate person, which his predecessor was not at all. 64.More importantly, the government should always be responsive to the public opinions. 65.Excessive exposure to violence on TV is more harmful to children than expected. 66.It is/was at the party that Jack revealed Tom's scandal. 67.B:No, I don't think so. He hates lawyers. 68.B:You just had a big one. 69.I learned to pack light early in life. I had to. Ⅵ.名词解释(每小题 2 分,共 4 分) 70.The predictive meaning of modal auxiliaries is concerned with the speaker's assumption or assessment of probability and in most cases indicates the speaker's confidence(or lack of 12

confidence) in the truth of this statement, e.g:It might be warmer there now. It must be John.. 71.The basic principle of ellipsis is leaving out something understood and hence produces incomplete sentences with such a structure as to presuppose preceding item. Ellipsis, somehow like substitutions, sets up cohesion on the basis of structural recoverability with reference to the linguistic context. Here are three types of ellipsis: a) Nominal: Why give me two cups of coffee? I only asked for one. b) Verbal: A: have you seen him before? B: Yes, I have (seen him before). c) Clausal: A: Will it rain tomorrow? B: Perhaps(it will rain tomorrow). Ⅶ.简答题(每小题 2 分,共 6 分) 72.Simple present is used to refer to the past in situations such as (1) newspaper headlines,(2)photographic captions,(3)stage directions, and (4) utterances with verbs of communication 73.The non-finite verbs are so called because they are not marked for tense or for subjectverb concord. 74.A sentence that starts with a subject of indefinite reference is not very common(e.g.a grocery is across the street.)so we may 13

postpone the new information for end-focus by starting the sentence with ″there″ 全国 2008 年 7 月高等教育自学考试 英语语法试题 课程代码:00831

一、单项选择题(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) Choose the best answer from the choices given and put a letter A,B,C or D in the bracket. 1. I wish I _______ to repair the bike. I only made it worse. ( ) A.did not try B.wouldn’t try C.had not rtied D.wouldn’t have tried

2. She earns a good salary, so the _______ be deep in debt. ( ) A.can’t B.mustn’t C.may not 14

D.needn’t

3. Larry is _______ liberal-minded of the two executives. ( ) A.the more B.more C.the most D.most

4. John is eighteen and his brother is two years _______. ( ) A.elder B.older C.young D.youngest

5. She bought a house _______ her parents.( A.at B.to C.in D.for



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6. We had to sleep in our wet clothes, _______ was most uncomfortable.( A.it B.which C.and D.that )

7. She cooks _______ that reminds me of her mother. ( ) A.on the way B.by the way C.the way D.in a way

8. Pride and Prejudice _______ never failed to characterize the aristocracy.( A.had B.has C.have D.are )

9. A: Can I have these apples, Mum?(



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B: You just had a big _______. A.thing B.it C.one D.two

10. The last time I _______ her, she _______ at a medical college.( )

A.was visiting; studied B.visited; studies C.visited; was studying D.was visiting; was studying 11. The numerical evaluation of an intelligence test _________ by a small subsection of that society which _______ to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matter ( ) A.has been determined; has been managed B.is determined; is managed C.has determined; is managed D.is determined; has managed

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12. She _______ it, because she was not on the spot then. ( ) A.shouldn’t have done B.wouldn’t have done C.mustn’t have done D.couldn’t have done

13. why not _______ to her?( A.proposing B.proposed C.propose D.did propose



14. There exists negligence in the use of land. _______, it may not be ruined.( )

A.When giving proper care B.Unless giving proper care C.Given proper care D.Been given proper care

15. This school has offered _______ you want.( A.math books as many as



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B.as many math books as C.as many as math books D.many as math books

16. In 1980 he caught a serious illness _______ effect he still suffers.( A.which B.from whose C.whose D.from which )

17. Both players, _______ reached the final, played well. ( ) A.neither of whom B.neither C.both of them not D.neither of them

18. _______, I don’t like his work at all.( A.As I admire him very much B.Admire him much as I do C.Very much as I admire him



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D.Much as I admire him

19. The old _______ usually self-conceited as age sometimes does tell.( A.is B.will be C.are to be D.are )

20. It is sad experience to see all the high school kids _______ there like fools.( A.to stand B.standing C.having stood D.stood )

二、选择填空题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with one of the items given. 21.was completed is completed, is equipped, was equipped The hotel, which ________ only last year, ________with a solarium and sauna. 20

22.be, is was, are, were, will be, shall be A. Twenty years ________ very long but not long enough to change a Roman nose into a pug. B. Three-fourths of the surface of the earth ________ sea. 23.that, which, it, where, who, whom The air then passes to a compressor, ________ it is compressed, and from ________it is delivered to the combustion chambers. 24.be, is, was, are, were, will be, shall be, has, have, had A. He demanded that the dinner ________ paid in US dollars. B. He hopes his dream ________ realized after his graduation from college. 25.an, the, these, is, are The Japanese ________ ________industrious people. 26.has, have, itself, themselves, them The committee ________ been arguing among ________all morning. 27.no, not a, neither, nor, none A. They proposed several solutions, but ________ seemed to be very satisfactory. B. “Can you come on Monday or Tuesday?” 21

“I’m afraid ________ day is possible.” 28.police, acoustics, nucleus, pajamas, measles, cattle A. Singular only: ________ B. Plural only: ________

三、填空题(本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word or phrase. A. Fill in the blank with an assertive, non-assertive or negative word: 29.If you’re ________ in Shanghai, do give me a ring. 30.Surely ________ knows where the documents are. B. Fill in the blank with a proper form of the word or phrase in the bracket: 31.Since I broke my leg, I ________ (depend) on my niece to see to the daily housework. 32.She ________ (entitle to)a compensation for her damaged car. 33.I guarantee ________ (offer)free repair service within the first three years of your purchase. 34.I suppose there’s not much point ________(argue)any further. 22

35.The more you eat chocolate, ________ (fat)you become. 36.How long have you been working in your present position? I ________ (work)there for two years by the coming March. 37.Our only request is that this ________ (settle)as soon as possible. 38.I’d rather you ________ (not poke)your nose into her affair. Leave her alone. C. Fill in the blank with a determiner: 39.John and I have ________ same hobby. 40.Lying by the side of the road we saw ________ wheels of a car. D. Fill in the blank with the given adjectives in correct order: 41.Copenhagen has a ________ restaurant life with more than 2000 restaurants.(international, bustling) E. Fill in the blank with a proper preposition: 42.The duke gave the teapot ________ my aunt. 43.His sister has a good ear ________ music. F. Fill in the blank with a proper link verb: 44.What I think, say and do ________ none of your 23

business. G. Fill in the blank with a helping verb: 45.All ________ satisfied with the hotel accommodations. H. Fill in the blank with a relative pronoun: 46.They talked a long time about their university days, after ________ they had a good meal. I. Fill in the blank with a pronoun: 47. ________tries to steal our company cars all the time. 48.Please bring as ________ food as you can. The more, the better. 四、改错题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分) Correct one error in each of the following sentences. 49.Her husband, that offered us much help when we were in difficulty, is a kind gentleman. 50.Help must be given when is necessary. 51.A friend of me wanted to see you yesterday. 52.We spent the all day sunbathing. 53.We had a nice time at John and Susan last night. 54.I spoke to either the director and his secretary. 55.He has not paid his debts yet and, however, he has no intention of paying. 56.The past progressive is chiefly used for past actions 24

which continued for some time but which exact limits are not known.

五、改句(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) Rewrite the following sentences as required. A.Turning the following imperative into the tag question form: 57.Put down all your things on the table. B. Using passive voice: 58.The sad story needn’t have caused him so much distress. C. Using modal auxiliary: 59.I was sure that nobody had noticed his absence. D. Using nonfinite verb form: 60.I can’t imagine that he would ever agree to such a proposition. E. Writing a counter-factual conditional based on the given fact: 61.He is rather fat. He doesn’t take any exercise. F. Using inversion: 62.The plane roared over and the bombs came down, which killed almost all the people in the village. G. Using a cleft sentence to highlight the place adjunct: 25

63. Jack hit Tom at the party. H. Using whatever cohesive device is appropriate: 64. Keep the big apples in the basket and eat the small apples first. 65. Although I do not have the guts to swim in the ocean this time. I promise I will swim in the ocean next time. 66.A: Tiss went to India this winter. B: Yes, I know that he went to India this winter. I. Combining sentences: 67.On his way home Jack came across a boy. The boy was very bright and honest. 68. Mr. Bush had an immense fortune. In spite of that he was a most unhappy man. 69. You sent me a Christmas card. Thank you so much.

六、名词解释(本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分) Define the following terms with examples. 70. putative should 71.dangling participle 72.concord

七、简答题(本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分) 26

Answer the following questions. 73.What is“complete inversion”? 74.List two situations in which the simple present is used to refer to the past.

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