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人教版必修二unit 2 the olympic games Learning about language


高一人教新课标版必修二

Unit 2

The Olympic Games
Learning about language

Discovering useful words and expressions 1 Find the word or expression.
1 _________ t

o take part in a sports event compete 2 _______ to allow to enter (a course or admit sports competition ) 3 ________ someone who takes part in a athlete sports competition 4 __________ level of ability standard

5 ____________ happening every regular basis

time with the same amount of
time in between

6 _______ to take the place of replace
7 _______ short sentence or phrase motto expressing the beliefs of a person or group

8 _____________ duty to be in charge responsibility and get in trouble if things go wrong 9 ___________ special hall for physical gymnasium exercise

10 _____________ to join in take part in

2 Choose the word or phrase that means almost the same as the word in italics. 1 She rose to her feet in one swift

movement.
A. short

B B. quick

C. immediate

D. hurry

2. Nowadays all countries can take part

in if their athletes reach the standard.
A. Today B. These days C. In the future D. Tomorrow B

3. My son went to see the new stadiums

before the Olympic Games began.
A. concert halls B. sports halls B

C. reception buildings
D. athletes’ village

4. Li Yan wanted to take part in the Olympic Games as a volunteer. C

A. someone who offers help
B. someone who offers to pay C. Someone who helps without pay D. someone who works part-time

5. What do the five rings on the Olympics

flag stand for? B
A. support C. introduce B. mean D. look like

3 Complete the passage.
standard athlete admit compete responsibility olive wreath homeland Helena was a great _______ in the 5000-metre athlete running race. She had won many prizes and wanted to ________ in the Olympic Games. compete So she practised hard every day in order to be _________ as a competitor. admitted

It didn’t take her long to reach the
_________ for entering the Olympic standard Games. This made Helena eager to win a gold medal for herself and her __________. Unfortunately during homeland

the final, she was in front in her race
when

another competitor pushed her on

purpose so that she fell down. Poor
Helena lost her chance of a medal but

the other woman had to take responsibility ____________ for breaking the rules.
The judges felt sorry for Helena and gave her a special prize of an ___________ instead. olive wreath

Answers for Ex. 2 on Page 13: Rules for the Olympic Games 1. Nobody _________________ (allow) to will be allowed

enter the stadium without a ticket.
2. Children ___________________ will not be allowed

(not allow) to make a noise and upset the
competitors. If they do, they will be taken away ________________ (take away) from the stadium.

3. No animals __________________ (allow) will be allowed in the stadium.

4. Cheating by athletes will not be
____________ (excuse). excused They ______________ (tell ) to leave. will be told 5. No smoking will be _____________ allowed (allow). If you are discovered, you will be asked ______________ (ask) to pay ten dollars.

Grammar
Passive Voice

The Great Wall _________ by Chinese was built people.

English __________ by the most people is spoken in the world.

《飘》
Gone with the wind

The book ___________ by Margaret was written Mitchell.

The umbrella __________ for keeping is used off the rain.

The light ____________ by Thomas was invented Edison .

The Olympic Games in 2012:

The 2012 Olympic Games ____________ will be held in London.

被动语态基本用法

当句子的主语是动作的执行者时, 谓语的
形式是主动语态。当句子的主语是动作的 承受者时, 谓语要用被动语态。被动语态

由助动词be+过去分词构成, 时态通过be
表现出来。

英语动词有两种语态: 主动语态 (the Active Voice) 被动语态(the Passive Voice)
A. 主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。

We planted the tree.
B. 被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。

The tree was planted by us.

We
主语

speak
谓语

English.
宾语

主动语态

English is spoken
主语
谓语

by us.
宾语

被动语态

They cleaned the classroom yesterday. 昨天我们打扫了教室。 The classroom was cleaned by them yesterday. 昨天教室被我们打扫了。

何时使用被动语态呢? 一、行为主体不明确, 不必说出或者无法 说出动作的执行者时。如: Football is played all over the world. 二、不易找到或根本就不可能找到动作的 执行者时。如: My bike was stolen.我的自行车被盗了。

三、汉语中含有“据说”、“据悉”、“有人说” “大家说”等时。如:

It is said that one day he climbed to the top
of a house and …… It was reported that her mother died of SARS. 众所周知?? It is well known that … 据推测说?? It is supposed that …

四、汉语中含有“被”、“由”等词时。如:

Tina is asked to come by Paul.
Tina是被Paul叫来的。 五、某些句子习惯上用被动语态。如: He was born in October, 1989.

The Structure is
助动词be+及物动词的过去分词

(be+V.P.P)

被动语态由“助动词be+及物动词的 过去分词”构成, 助动词be有人称、数 的变化,其变化规则与be作为连系动词 时一样。如: The desk is made of wood. The desks are made of wood. He is asked a question by the teacher. I was given a nice present by my friend yesterday.

1.规则动词的过去分词:
1)一般情况在动词原形后加-ed 2)以不发音e结尾的加-d 3)以辅音加y结尾的, 去y变i加-ed 4)以重读闭音节结尾, 末尾只有一个辅音字母, 先双写该辅音字母, 再加-ed

watch---watched study---studied

practice---practiced stop---stopped

2.不规则动词的过去分词:

am is are

been

have has

had

done do write written go gone

典型题例 例1 将下列句子改为被动语态。 We clean our classroom every day.

Our classroom is cleaned (by us) every day.

在改写中应注意:

1. 把原来的宾语提到前面作被动语态
的主语; 2. 把动词变成“be + 过去分词”;

3. 主动语态中的主语变为介词by的宾语。

主变被解题步骤: 1. 找宾语 ----即动作的承受者 2. 判断宾语的单复数 ----即be动词的单复数. 3. 判断动词的时态 ----即be动词的时态. 4. 修改谓语的时态 ----即原句动词改为过去分词 5. 修改原句的主语 ----即by+ 主语.

They make shoes in that factory.
Shoes are were made by them.

Tom broke the window.
The window was broken by Tom. Tom broke the windows. The windows were broken by Tom. He broke the windows.

The windows were broken by him.

1.They make shoes in that factory.

主语+及物动词+宾语
Shoes are made factory. 一般现在时: S(主语)+am/is /are(not) +过去分词 (by them) in that

He rides the motorbike to his factory every day.

The motorbike is ridden to his factory (by him) every day.

We call the snowman Mr Strong.

The snowman is called Mr Strong (by us).

computer, use, class A computer is used in our class every day.

2. They bought ten computers last year.

Ten computers were bought (by them) last year.
一般过去时: S+was/were(not) +过去分词

He bought his friend some fruits yesterday.

His friend was bought some fruits (by him) yesterday.

Some fruits were bought for his friend (by him) yesterday.

bank, rob yesterday
The bank was robbed yesterday. man-made satellite, send up, space, last year A man-made satellite was sent up into space last year.

3. Amy can take good care of the cat. The cat can be taken good care of by Amy. 情态动词: S+ can/may/must/should(not) + be+

过去分词

She can carry the basket easily.

The basket can be easily carried by her.

They can sing some beautiful songs.

Some beautiful songs can be sung by them.

“We must put them in the fridge.” The dogs thought .

“They must be put in the fridge (by us).” The dogs thought.

4.They will finish the work in ten days.

The work will be finished (by them)

in ten days.
一般将来时: S+ will+ (not) be+过去分词

They will have a show tomorrow.

A show will be had (by them) tomorrow.

send to, hospital, right now

They will be sent to the hospital right now. a talk, give , soon
A talk will be given soon.

_____ this house_______ Will be sold (sell) by the King?

The little girl is so pretty that she ______________ will be admired (admire) by all people when she grows up.

The streets ___________ will be lit (light) by electricity.

I _____________________ will/ shall not be invited (not invite) to tomorrow’s wedding.

allow

Dogs will not be allowed to enter your classroom.

will not be done 否定结构

allow

smoking

stadium

Smoking will not be allowed in the stadium.

Rewrite the letter in future Passive Voice will ( not) be done

The Olympic Game will be held in London. Many things ____________(do) for the will be done will be spent Game. 30 billion yuan ______________on the projects. An Olympic Village will be built _____________ for the athletes and some hotels ____________ for the visitors to stay will be built in. The roads ________ ______(make) wider will be made and better and trees and flowers will be planted ________________along the roads. The new Stadiums will be completed (complete) before will be trained 2012.Many volunteers ______________ (train) for the game.

Many policemen ___________(send) keep will be sent order. During the 2012 Olympic Game, the best athletes _____________(choose) to will be chosen compete and they will be encouraged ________________ (encourage) to do their best.

用所给动词的正确时态和语态填空。
1. It is clear that Beijing Olympic Games ___________ (hold) on August 8-24, 2008. will be held

2. While many people turn to computer
for news and movies, it doesn’t mean that

the TV set will be replaced (replace) in the _____________
near future.

3. Many chances will be lost (lose) if you ___________
don’t work hard.

4. You ______________ (fine) by the police if will be fined
you keep driving so fast. 5. The question is going to ____________ be discussed (discuss) by us. 6. The little girl is so pretty that she _________________ (admire) by all the people. will be admired

7. Don’t worry about that. It ______________ (finish) next week. will be finished 8. She ___________ (meet) by her friends will be met as soon as she arrives. 9. I hear that more than one million

dollars ___________ (spend) on the will be spent project next year.

句型转换
1. The manager made them work 10 hours a day. They were made to work 10 hours a day. 2. A new teacher will teach us next term.

We will be taught by a new teacher.
3. You should water trees often . Trees should be watered often. 4. You must not plant trees in very dry earth . Trees must not be planted in very dry earth.
For more exercises, click here.

Homework: What will be done to make our city more beautiful and attractive (吸引人 的)? Write a passage, using the passive voice.

road, widen

trees, plant

hospitals, build

schools, set up

parking places, increase cars, decrease

water, clean


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