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常见材料学专业名词中英文对译


常见材料学专业名词中英文对译 物料科学 Material Science 物料科学定义 Material Science Definition 加工性能 Machinability 强度 Strength 抗腐蚀及耐用 Corrosion & resistance durability 金属特性 Special metallic features 抗敏感及环境保护 Allergic, re-cycling & environmental protection 化学元素 Chemical element 元素的原子序数 Atom of Elements 原子及固体物质 Atom and solid material 原子的组成、大小、体积和单位图表 The size, mass, charge of an atom, and is particles (Pronton,Nentron and Electron) 原子的组织图 Atom Constitutes 周期表 Periodic Table 原子键结 Atom Bonding 金属与合金 Metal and Alloy 铁及非铁金属 Ferrous & Non Ferrous Metal 金属的特性 Features of Metal 晶体结构 Crystal Pattern 晶体结构,定向格子及单位晶格 Crystal structure, Space lattice & Unit cell X 线结晶分析法 X – ray crystal analyics method 金属结晶格子 Metal space lattice 格子常数 Lattice constant 米勒指数 Mill's Index 金相及相律 Metal Phase and Phase Rule 固熔体 Solid solution 置换型固熔体 Substitutional type solid solution 插入型固熔体 Interstital solid solution 金属间化物 Intermetallic compound 金属变态 Transformation

变态点 Transformation Point 磁性变态 Magnetic Transformation 同素变态 Allotropic Transformation 合金平衡状态 Thermal Equilibrium 相律 Phase Rule 自由度 Degree of freedom 临界温度 Critical temperture 共晶 Eutectic 包晶温度 Peritectic Temperature 包晶反应 Peritectic Reaction 包晶合金 Peritectic Alloy 亚共晶体 Hypoeutetic Alloy 过共晶体 Hyper-ectectic Alloy 金属的相融、相融温度、晶体反应及合金在共晶合金、固熔孻共 晶合金及偏晶反应的比较 Equilibrium Comparision 金属塑性 Plastic Deformation 滑动面 Slip Plan 畸变 Distortion 硬化 Work Hardening 退火 Annealing 回复柔软 Crystal Recovery 再结晶 Recrystallization 金属材料的性能及试验 Properties & testing of metal 化学性能 Chemical Properties 物理性能 Physical Properties 颜色 Colour 磁性 Magnetisum 比电阻 Specific resistivity & specific resistance 比重 Specific gravity & specific density 比热 Specific Heat 热膨胀系数 Coefficient of thermal expansion

导热度 Heat conductivity 机械性能 Mechanical properties 屈服强度(降伏强度) (Yield strangth) 弹性限度、阳氏弹性系数及屈服点 elastic limit, Yeung's module of elasticity to yield point 伸长度 Elongation 断面缩率 Reduction of area 金属材料的试验方法 The Method of Metal inspection 不破坏检验 Non – destructive inspections 渗透探伤法 Penetrate inspection 磁粉探伤法 Magnetic particle inspection 放射线探伤法 Radiographic inspection 超声波探伤法 Ultrasonic inspection 显微观察法 Microscopic inspection 破坏的检验 Destructive Inspection 冲击测试 Impact Test 疲劳测试 Fatigue Test 潜变测试 Creep Test 潜变强度 Creeps Strength 第壹潜变期 Primary Creep 第二潜变期 Secondary Creep 第三潜变期 Tertiary Creep 主要金属元素之物理性质 Physical properties of major Metal Elements 工业标准及规格 – 铁及非铁金属 Industrial Standard – Ferrous & Non – ferrous Metal 磁力 Magnetic 简介 General 软磁 Soft Magnetic 硬磁 Hard Magnetic 磁场 Magnetic Field 磁性感应 Magnetic Induction

透磁度 Magnetic Permeability 磁化率 Magnetic Susceptibility (Xm) 磁力(Magnetic Force)及磁场(Magnetic Field)是因物料里的 电子(Electron)活动而产生 抗磁体、顺磁体、铁磁体、反铁磁体及亚铁磁体 Diamagnetism, Paramagnetic, Ferromagnetism,Antiferromagnetism & Ferrimagnetism 抗磁体 Diamagnetism 磁偶极子 Dipole 负磁力效应 Negative effect 顺磁体 Paramagnetic 正磁化率 Positive magnetic susceptibility 铁磁体 Ferromagnetism 转变元素 Transition element 交换能量 Positive energy exchange 外价电子 Outer valence electrons 化学结合 Chemical bond 自发上磁 Spontaneous magnetization 磁畴 Magnetic domain 相反旋转 Opposite span 比较抗磁体、顺磁体及铁磁体 Comparison of Diamagnetism, Paramagnetic & Ferromagnetism 反铁磁体 Antiferromagnetism 亚铁磁体 Ferrimagnetism 磁矩 magnetic moment 净磁矩 Net magnetic moment 钢铁的主要成份 The major element of steel 钢铁用"碳"之含量来分类 Classification of Steel according to Carbon contents 铁相 Steel Phases 钢铁的名称 Name of steel 纯铁体 Ferrite 渗碳体 Cementitle 奥氏体 Austenite 珠光体及共释钢 Pearlite &Eutectoid 奥氏体碳钢 Austenite Carbon Steel 单相金属 Single Phase Metal 共释变态 Eutectoid Transformation 珠光体 Pearlite

亚铁释体 Hyppo-Eutectoid 初释纯铁体 Pro-entectoid ferrite 过共释钢 Hype-eutectoid 珠光体 Pearlite 粗珠光体 Coarse pearlite 中珠光体 Medium pearlite 幼珠光体 Fine pearlite 磁性变态点 Magnetic Transformation 钢铁的制造 Manufacturing of Steel 连续铸造法 Continuous casting process 电炉 Electric furnace 均热炉 Soaking pit 全静钢 Killed steel 半静钢 Semi-killed steel 沸腾钢(未净钢) Rimmed steel 钢铁生产流程 Steel Production Flow Chart 钢材的熔铸、锻造、挤压及延轧 The Casting, Fogging, Extrusion, Rolling & Steel 熔铸 Casting 锻造 Fogging 挤压 Extrusion 延轧 Rolling 冲剪 Drawing & stamping 特殊钢 Special Steel 简介 General 特殊钢以原素分类 Classification of Special Steel according to Element 特殊钢以用途来分类 Classification of Special Steel according to End Usage 易车(快削)不锈钢 Free Cutting Stainless Steel 含铅易车钢 Leaded Free Cutting Steel 含硫易车钢 Sulphuric Free Cutting Steel 硬化性能 Hardenability 钢的脆性 Brittleness of Steel 低温脆性 Cold brittleness 回火脆性 Temper brittleness 日工标准下的特殊钢材 Specail Steel according to JIS Standard 铬钢 – 日工标准 JIS G4104 Chrome steel to JIS G4104

铬钼钢钢材 – 日工标准 G4105 62 Chrome Molybdenum steel to JIS G4105 镍铬 – 日工标准 G4102 63 Chrome Nickel steel to JIS G4102 镍铬钼钢 – 日工标准 G4103 64 Nickel, Chrome & Molybdenum Steel to JIS G4103 高锰钢铸 – 日工标准 High manganese steel to JIS standard 片及板材 Chapter Four-Strip, Steel & Plate 冷辘低碳钢片(双单光片)(日工标准 JIS G3141) 73 - 95 Cold Rolled (Low carbon) Steel Strip (to JIS G 3141) 简介 General 美材试标准的冷辘低碳钢片 Cold Rolled Steel Strip American Standard – American Society for testing and materials (ASTM) 日工标准 JIS G3141 冷辘低碳钢片(双单光片)的编号浅释 Decoding of cold rolled(Low carbon)steel strip JIS G3141 材料的加工性能 Drawing abillity 硬度 Hardness 表面处理 Surface finish 冷辘钢捆片及张片制作流程图表 Production flow chart cold rolled steel coil sheet 冷辘钢捆片及张片的电镀和印刷方法 Cold rolled steel coil & sheet electro-plating & painting method 冷辘(低碳)钢片的分类用、途、工业标准、品质、加热状态及硬 度表 End usages, industrial standard, quality, condition and hardness of cold rolled steel strip 硬度及拉力 Hardness & Tensile strength test 拉伸测试(顺纹测试) Elongation test 杯突测试(厚度: 0.4 公厘至 1.6 公厘,准确至 0.1 公厘 3 个试 片平均数) Erichsen test (Thickness: 0.4mm to 1.6mm, figure round up to 0.1mm) 曲面(假曲率) Camber 厚度及阔度公差 Tolerance on Thickness & Width 平坦度(阔度大于 500 公厘,标准回火) Flatness (width>500mm, temper: standard) 弯度 Camber 冷辘钢片储存与处理提示 General advice on handling & storage of cold rolled steel coil & sheet 防止生锈

Rust Protection 生锈速度表 Speed of rusting 焊接 Welding 气焊 Gas Welding 埋弧焊 Submerged-arc Welding 电阻焊 Resistance Welding 冷辘钢片(拉力: 30-32 公斤/平方米)在没有表面处理状态下的 焊接状况

Normal thickness of galvanized steel sheet 锌镀层质量 Zinc Coating Mass 表面处理 Surface Treatment 冷轧钢片 Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet/Strip 热轧钢片 Hot-Rolled Sheet/Strip 电解冷轧钢片厚度公差 Thickness Tolerance of Electrolytic Cold-rolled sheet 热轧钢片厚度公差 Thickness Tolerance of Hot-rolled sheet 冷轧或热轧钢片阔度公差 Width Tolerance of Cold or Hot-rolled sheet 长度公差 Length Tolerance 理论质量 Theoretical Mass 锌镀层质量(两个相同锌镀层厚度) Mass Calculation of coating (For equal coating)/MM 锌镀层质量(两个不同锌镀层厚度) Mass Calculation of coating (For differential coating)/MM 镀锡薄铁片(白铁皮/马口铁) (日工标准 JIS G3303) 简介 General 镀锡薄铁片的构造 Construction of Electrolytic Tinplate 镀锡薄钢片(白铁皮/马日铁)制造过程 Production Process of Electrolytic Tinplate 锡层质量 Mass of Tin Coating (JIS G3303-1987) 两面均等锡层 Both Side Equally Coated Mass 两面不均等锡层 Both Side Different Thickness Coated Mass 级别、电镀方法、镀层质量及常用称号 Grade, Plating type, Designation of Coating Mass & Common Coating Mass 镀层质量标记 Markings & Designations of Differential Coatings 硬度 Hardness 单相轧压镀锡薄铁片(白铁皮/马口铁) Single-Reduced Tinplate 双相辗压镀锡薄钢片(马口铁/白铁皮) Dual-Reduction Tinplate 钢的种类 Type of Steel 表面处理 Surface Finish 常用尺寸 Commonly Used Size 电器用硅 [硅] 钢片 Electrical Steel Sheet 简介 General 软磁材料 Soft Magnetic Material 滞后回线 Narrow Hystersis 矫顽磁力 Coercive Force 硬磁材料 Hard Magnetic Material

Spot welding conditions for bared (free from paint, oxides etc) Cold rolled mild steel sheets(T/S:30-32 Kgf/ ? m2) 时间效应(老化)及拉伸应变 Aging & Stretcher Strains 日工标准(JIS G3141)冷辘钢片化学成份 Chemical composition – cold rolled steel sheet to JIS G3141 冷辘钢片的"理论重量"计算方程式 Cold Rolled Steel Sheet – Theoretical mass 日工标准(JIS G3141)冷辘钢片重量列表 Mass of Cold-Rolled Steel Sheet to JIS G3141 冷辘钢片订货需知 Ordering of cold rolled steel strip/sheet 其它日工标准冷轧钢片(用途及编号) JIS standard & application of other cold Rolled Special Steel 电镀锌钢片或电解钢片 Electro-galvanized Steel Sheet/Electrolytic Zinc Coated Steel Sheet 简介 General 电解/电镀锌大大增强钢片的防锈能力 Galvanic Action improving Weather & Corrosion Resistance of the Base Steel Sheet 上漆能力 Paint Adhesion 电镀锌钢片的焊接 Welding of Electro-galvanized steel sheet 点焊 Spot welding 滚焊 Seam welding 电镀锌(电解)钢片 Electro-galvanized Steel Sheet 生产流程 Production Flow Chart 常用的镀锌钢片(电解片)的基层金属、用途、日工标准、美材标 准及一般厚度 Base metal, application, JIS & ASTM standard, and

最大能量积 Maximum Energy Product 硅含量对电器用的低碳钢片的最大好处 The Advantage of Using Silicon low Carbon Steel 晶粒取向(Grain-Oriented)及非晶粒取向(Non-Oriented) Grain Oriented & Non-Oriented 电器用硅 [硅] 钢片的最终用途及规格 End Usage and Designations of Electrical Steel Strip 电器用的硅 [硅] 钢片之分类 Classification of Silicon Steel Sheet for Electrical Use 电器用钢片的绝缘涂层 Performance of Surface Insulation of Electrical Steel Sheets 晶粒取向电器用硅钢片主要工业标准 International Standard – Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel Silicon Steel Sheet for Electrical Use 晶粒取向电器用硅钢片 Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel 晶粒取向,定取向芯钢片及高硼定取向芯钢片之磁力性能及夹层 系数(日工标准及美材标准)

晶粒取向电器用硅(硅)钢片-高硼(HI-B)定取向 芯钢片,定取向 芯钢片及高硼低硫(LS)定取向芯钢片之厚度及阔度公差

Physical Tolerance of SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B, SI-ORIENT-CORE, & SI-CORE-HI-B-LS Grain Oriented Electrical Steel Sheets 晶粒取向电器用硅(硅)钢片 – 高硼(HI-B)定取向 芯钢片, 定取 向芯钢片及高硼低硫(LS)定取向芯钢片之标准尺寸及包装

Standard Forms and Size of SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B,SI-CORE, & SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B-LS GrainOriented Electrical Steel Sheets 绝缘表面 Surface Insulation 非晶粒取向电力用钢片的电力、磁力、机械性能 及夹层系数

Lamination Factors of Electrical, Magnetic & Mechanical Non-Grain Oriented Electrical 电器及家电外壳用镀层冷辘 [低碳] 钢片 Coated (Low Carbon) Steel Sheets for Casing,Electricals & Home Appliances 镀铝硅钢片 Aluminized Silicon Alloy Steel Sheet 简介 General 镀铝硅合金钢片的特色 Feature of Aluminized Silicon Alloy Steel Sheet 用途 End Usages 抗化学品能力 Chemical Resistance 镀铝(硅)钢片 – 日工标准(JIS G3314) Hot-aluminum-coated sheets and coils to JIS G 3314 镀铝(硅)钢片 – 美材试标准(ASTM A-463-77)35.7 JIS G3314 镀热浸铝片的机械性能

Magnetic Properties and Lamination Factor of SI-ORIENT-CORE& SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI B Electrical Steel Strip (JIS and AISI Standard) 退火 Annealing 电器用钢片用家需自行应力退火原因 Annealing of the Electrical Steel Sheet 退火时注意事项 Annealing Precautionary 碳污染 Prevent Carbon Contamination 热力应先从工件边缘透入 Heat from the Laminated Stacks Edges 提防过份氧化 No Excessive Oxidation 应力退火温度 Stress –relieving Annealing Temperature 晶粒取向电器用硅 [硅] 钢片 – 高硼(HI-B)定取向芯钢片及定 取向芯钢片之机械性能及夹层系数

Mechanical Properties of JIS G 3314 Hot-Dip Aluminum-coated Sheets and Coils 公差 Size Tolerance 镀铝(硅)钢片及其它种类钢片的抗腐蚀性能比较 Comparsion of various resistance of aluminized steel & other kinds of steel 镀铝(硅)钢片生产流程 Aluminum Steel Sheet, Production Flow Chart 焊接能力 Weldability 镀铝钢片的焊接状态(比较冷辘钢片) Tips on welding of Aluminized sheet in comparasion with cold rolled steel strip 钢板 Steel Plate 钢板用途分类及各国钢板的工业标准包括日工标准及美材试标

Mechanical Properties and Lamination Factors of SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B and SI-ORIENT-CORE Grain Orient Electrical Steel Sheets 晶粒取向电器用硅 [硅] 钢;片 – 高硼低硫(LS)定取向 钢片之 磁力及电力性能

Magnetic and Electrical Properties of SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B-LS 晶粒取向电器用硅 [硅] 钢片 – 高硼低硫(LS) 定取向钢片之 机械性能及夹层系数

Mechanical Properties and Lamination Factors of SI-ORIENT-CORE-HI-B-LS

准 Type of steel Plate & Related JIS, ASTM and Other Major Industrial Standards 钢板生产流程 Production Flow Chart 钢板订货需知 Ordering of Steel Plate 不锈钢 Stainless Steel 不锈钢的定义 Definition of Stainless Steel 不锈钢之分类,耐腐蚀性及耐热性 Classification, Corrosion Resistant & Heat Resistance of Stainless Steel 铁铬系不锈钢片 Chrome Stainless Steel 马氏体不锈钢 Martensite Stainless Steel 低碳马氏体不锈钢 Low Carbon Martensite Stainless Steel 含铁体不锈钢 Ferrite Stainless Steel 镍铬系不锈钢 Nickel Chrome Stainless Steel 释出硬化不锈钢 Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steel 铁锰铝不锈钢 Fe / Mn / Al / Stainless Steel 不锈钢的磁性 Magnetic Property & Stainless Steel 不锈钢箔、卷片、片及板之厚度分类 Classification of Foil, Strip, Sheet & Plate by Thickness 表面保护胶纸 Surface protection film 不锈钢片材常用代号 Designation of SUS Steel Special Use Stainless 表面处理 Surface finish 薄卷片及薄片(0.3 至 2.9mm 厚之片)机械性能 Mechanical Properties of Thin Stainless Steel(Thickness from 0.3mm to 2.9mm) – strip/sheet 不锈钢片机械性能(301, 304, 631, CSP) Mechanical Properties of Spring use Stainless Steel 不锈钢 – 种类,工业标准,化学成份,特点及 主要用途

Examples of End Usages of Strip, Sheet & Plate 不锈钢应力退火卷片常用规格名词图解 General Specification of Tension Annealed Stainless Steel Strips 耐热不锈钢 Heat-Resistance Stainless Steel 镍铬系耐热不锈钢特性、化学成份、及操作温度 Heat-Resistance Stainless Steel 铬系耐热钢 Chrome Heat Resistance Steel 镍铬耐热钢 Ni - Cr Heat Resistance Steel 超耐热钢 Special Heat Resistance Steel 抗热超级合金 Heat Resistance Super Alloy 耐热不锈钢比重表 Specific Gravity of Heat – resistance steel plates and sheets stainless steel 不锈钢材及耐热钢材标准对照表 Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steels 发条片 Power Spring Strip 发条的分类及材料 Power Spring Strip Classification and Materials 上链发条 Wind-up Spring 倒后擦发条 Pull Back Power Spring 圆面("卜竹")发条 Convex Spring Strip 拉尺发条 Measure Tape 魔术手环 Magic Tape 魔术手环尺寸图 Drawing of Magic Tap 定型发条 Constant Torque Spring 定型发条及上炼发条的驱动力 Spring Force of Constant Torque Spring and Wing-up Spring 定型发条的形状及翻动过程 Shape and Spring Back of Constant Torque Spring 定型发条驱动力公式及代号 The Formula and Symbol of Constant Torque Spring 边缘处理 Edge Finish 硬度 Hardness 高碳钢化学成份及用途 High Carbon Tool Steel, Chemical Composition and Usage 每公斤发条的长度简易公式 The Length of 1 Kg of Spring Steel Strip SK-5 & AISI-301 每公斤长的重量/公斤(阔 100-200 公厘) Weight per one meter long (kg) (Width 100-200mm) SK-5 & AISI-301 每公斤之长度(阔 100-200 公厘) Length per one kg (Width 100-200mm)

Stainless Steel – Type, Industrial Standard, Chemical Composition, Characteristic & end usage of the most commonly used Stainless Steel 不锈钢薄片用途例 End Usage of Thinner Gauge 不锈钢片、板用途例

SK-5 & AISI-301 每公尺长的重量/公斤(阔 2.0-10 公厘) Weight per one meter long (kg) (Width 2.0-10mm) SK-5 & AISI-301 每公斤之长度(阔 2.0-10 公厘) Length per one kg (Width 2.0-10mm) 高碳钢片 High Carbon Steel Strip 分类 Classification 用组织结构分类 Classification According to Grain Structure 用含碳量分类 – 即低碳钢、中碳钢及高碳钢 Classification According to Carbon Contains 弹簧用碳钢片 CarbonSteel Strip For Spring Use 冷轧状态 Cold Rolled Strip 回火状态 Annealed Strip 淬火及回火状态 Hardened & Tempered Strip/ Precision – Quenched Steel Strip 贝氏体钢片 Bainite Steel Strip 弹簧用碳钢片材之边缘处理 Edge Finished 淬火剂 Quenching Media 碳钢回火 Tempering 回火有低温回火及高温回火 Low & High Temperature Tempering 高温回火 High Temperature Tempering 退火 Annealing 完全退火 Full Annealing 扩散退火 Diffusion Annealing 低温退火 Low Temperature Annealing 中途退火 Process Annealing 球化退火 Spheroidizing Annealing 光辉退火 Bright Annealing 淬火 Quenching 时间淬火 Time Quenching 奥氏铁孻回火 Austempering 马氏铁体淬火 Marquenching 高碳钢片用途 End Usage of High Carbon Steel Strip 冷轧高碳钢 – 日本工业标准 Cold-Rolled (Special Steel) Carbon Steel Strip to JIS G3311 电镀金属钢片 Plate Metal Strip 简介 General 电镀金属捆片的优点 Advantage of Using Plate Metal Strip 金属捆片电镀层 Plated Layer of Plated Metal Strip 镀镍 Nickel Plated

镀铬 Chrome Plated 镀黄铜 Brass Plated 基层金属 Base Metal of Plated Metal Strip 低碳钢或铁基层金属 Iron & Low Carbon as Base Metal 不锈钢基层金属 Stainless Steel as Base Metal 铜基层金属 Copper as Base Metal 黄铜基层金属 Brass as Base Metal 轴承合金 Bearing Alloy 简介 General 轴承合金 – 日工标准 JIS H 5401 Bearing Alloy to JIS H 5401 锡基、铅基及锌基轴承合金比较表 Comparison of Tin base, Lead base and Zinc base alloy for Bearing purpose 易溶合金 Fusible Alloy 焊接合金 Soldering and Brazing Alloy 软焊 Soldering Alloy 软焊合金 – 日本标准 JIS H 4341 Soldering Alloy to JIS H 4341 硬焊 Brazing Alloy 其它焊接材料请参阅日工标准目录 Other Soldering Material 细线材、枝材、棒材 Chapter Five Wire, Rod & Bar 线材/枝材材质分类及制成品 Classification and End Products of Wire/Rod 铁线(低碳钢线)日工标准 JIS G 3532 Low Carbon Steel Wires ( Iron Wire ) to JIS G 3532 光线(低碳钢线),火线(退火低碳钢线),铅水线 (镀锌低碳钢线) 及制造钉用低碳钢线之代号、公差及备注 Ordinary Low Carbon Steel Wire, Annealed Low Carbon Steel Wire, Galvanized low Carbon Steel Wire & Low Carbon Steel Wire for nail manufacturing - classification, Symbol of Grade, Tolerance and Remarks. 机械性能 Mechanical Properites 锌包层之重量,铜硫酸盐试验之酸洗次数及测试用卷筒直径

Weight of Zinc-Coating, Number of Dippings in Cupric Sulphate Test and Diameters of Mandrel Used for Coiling Test 冷冲及冷锻用碳钢线枝 Carbon Steel Wire Rods for Cold Heading & Cold Forging (to JIS G3507) 级别,代号及化学成份

Classification, Symbol of Grade and Chemical Composition 直径公差,偏圆度及脱碳层的平均深度 Diameter Tolerance, Ovality and Average Decarburized Layer Depth 冷拉钢枝材 Cold Drawn Carbon Steel Shafting Bar 枝材之美工标准,日工标准,用途及化学成份 AISI, JIS End Usage and Chemical Composition of Cold Drawn Carbon Steel Shafting Bar 冷拉钢板重量表 Cold Drawn Steel Bar Weight Table 高碳钢线枝 High Carbon Steel Wire Rod (to JIS G3506) 冷拉高碳钢线 Hard Drawn High Carbon Steel Wire (to JIS G3521, ISO-84580-1&2) 化学成份分析表 Chemical Analysis of Wire Rod 线径、公差及机械性能(日本工业标准 G 3521) Mechanical Properties (JIS G 3521) 琴线(日本标准 G3522) Piano Wires ( to G3522) 级别,代号,扭曲特性及可用之线材直径 Classes, symbols, twisting characteristic and applied Wire Diameters 直径,公差及拉力强度 Diameter, Tolerance and Tensile Strength 裂纹之容许深度及脱碳层 Permissible depth of flaw and decarburized layer 常用的弹簧不锈钢线-编号,特性,表面处理及化学成份 StainlessSpring Wire – National Standard number, Charateristic, Surface finish & Chemical composition 弹簧不锈钢线,线径及拉力列表 Stainless Spring Steel, Wire diameter and Tensile strength of Spring Wire 处理及表面状况 Finish & Surface 各种不锈钢线在不同处理拉力比较表 Tensile Strength of various kinds of Stainless Steel Wire under Different Finish 圆径及偏圆度之公差 Tolerance of Wire Diameters & Ovality 铬镍不锈钢及抗热钢弹簧线材 – 美国材验学会 ASTM A313 – 1987 Chromium – Nickel Stainless and Heat-resisting Steel Spring Wire – ASTM A313 – 1987 化学成份 Chemical Composition 机械性能 Mechanical Properties

305, 316, 321 及 347 之拉力表 Tensile Strength Requirements for Types 305, 316, 321 and 347 A1S1-302 贰级线材之拉力表 Tensile Strength of A1S1-302 Wire 日本工业标准 – 不锈钢的化学成份(先数字后字母排列) JIS – Chemical Composition of Stainless Steel (in order of number & alphabet) 美国工业标准 – 不锈钢及防热钢材的化学成份 (先数字后字母排列) AISI – Chemical Composition of Stainless Steel & Heat-Resistant Steel(in order of number & alphabet) 易车碳钢 Free Cutting Carbon Steels (to JIS G4804 ) 化学成份 Chemical composition 圆钢枝,方钢枝及六角钢枝之形状及尺寸之公差 Tolerance on Shape and Dimensions for Round Steel Bar, Square Steel Bar, Hexagonal Steel Bar 易车(快削)不锈钢 Free Cutting Stainless Steel 易车(快削)不锈钢种类 Type of steel 易车(快削)不锈钢拉力表 Tensile Strength of Free Cutting Wires 枝/棒无芯磨公差表 (?) (? = 1/100 mm) Rod/Bar Centreless Grind Tolerance 易车不锈钢及易车钢之不同尺寸及硬度比较 Hardness of Different Types & Size of Free Cutting Steel 扁线、半圆线及异形线 Flat Wire, Half Round Wire, Shaped Wire and Precision Shaped Fine Wire 加工方法 Manufacturing Method 应用材料 Material Used 特点 Characteristic 用途 End Usages 不锈钢扁线及半圆线常用材料 Commonly used materials for Stainless Flat Wire & Half Round Wire 扁线公差 Flat Wire Tolerance 方线公差 Square Wire Tolerance 材料的类型 Types of materials, metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, elastomer 部分材料性质复习 Review of selected properties of materials, 电导率和电阻率 conductivity and resistivity,

热导率 thermal conductivity, 应力和应变 stress and strain, 弹性应变 elastic strain, 塑性应变 plastic strain, 屈服强度 yield strength, 最大抗拉强度 ultimate tensile strength, 最大强度 ultimate strength, 延展性 ductility, 伸长率 elongation, 断面收缩率 reduction of area, 颈缩 necking, 断裂强度 breaking strength, 韧性 toughness, 硬度 hardness, 疲劳强度 fatigue strength, 蜂窝 honeycomb, 热脆性 heat shortness, 晶胞中的原子数 atoms per cell, 点阵 lattice, 阵点 lattice point, 点阵参数 lattice parameter, 密排六方 hexagonal close-packed, 六方晶胞 hexagonal unit cell, 体心立方 body-centered cubic, 面心立方 face-centered cubic, 弥勒指数 Miller indices, 晶面 crystal plane, 晶系 crystal system, 晶向 crystal direction, 相变机理 Phase transformation mechanism: 成核生长相变 nucleation–growth transition, 斯宾那多分解 spinodal decomposition, 有序无序转变 disordered-order transition, 马氏体相变 martensite phase transformation, 成核 nucleation, 成核机理 nucleation mechanism, 成核势垒 nucleation barrier, 晶核,结晶中心 nucleus of crystal, 金属组织的)基体 quay, 基体,基块,基质,结合剂 matrix, 子晶,雏晶 matted crystal, 耔晶,晶种 seed crystal, 耔晶取向 seed orientation, 籽晶生长 seeded growth, 均质核化 homogeneous nucleation, 异质核化 heterogeneous nucleation, 均匀化热处理 homogenization heat treatment, 熟料 grog, 自恰场 self-consistent field 固溶体 Solid solution:

有序固溶体 ordered solid solution, 无序固溶体 disordered solid solution, 有序合金 ordered alloy, 无序合金 disordered alloy. 无序点阵 disordered lattice, 分散,扩散,弥散 dispersal, 分散剂 dispersant, 分散剂,添加剂 dispersant additive, 分散剂, 弥散剂 dispersant agent 缺陷 defect, imperfection, 点缺陷 point defect, 线缺陷 line defect, dislocation, 面缺陷 interface defect, surface defect, 体缺陷 volume defect, 位错排列 dislocation arrangement, 位错阵列 dislocation array, 位错气团 dislocation atmosphere, 位错轴 dislocation axis, 位错胞 dislocation cell, 位错爬移 dislocation climb, 位错滑移 dislocation slip, dislocation movement by slip, 位错聚结 dislocation coalescence, 位错核心能量 dislocation core energy, 位错裂纹 dislocation crack, 位错阻尼 dislocation damping, 位错密度 dislocation density, 体积膨胀 volume dilation, 体积收缩 volume shrinkage, 回火 tempering, 退火 annealing, 退火的,软化的 softened, 软化退火,软化(处理)softening, 淬火 quenching, 淬火硬化 quenching hardening, 正火 normalizing, normalization, 退火织构 annealing texture, 人工时效 artificial aging, 细长比 aspect ratio, 形变热处理 ausforming, 等温退火 austempering, 奥氏体 austenite, 奥氏体化 austenitizing, 贝氏体 bainite, 马氏体 martensite, 马氏体淬火 marquench, 马氏体退火 martemper, 马氏体时效钢 maraging steel, 渗碳体 cementite, 固溶强化 solid solution strengthening,

钢屑混凝土 steel chips concrete, 水玻璃,硅酸钠 sodium silicate, 水玻璃粘结剂 sodium silicate binder, 硅酸钠类防水剂 sodium silicate waterproofing agent, 扩散 diffusion, 扩散系数 diffusivity, 相变 phase transition, 烧结 sintering, 固相反应 solid-phase reaction, 相图与相结构 phase diagrams and phase structures , 相 phase, 组分 component, 自由度 freedom, 相平衡 phase equilibrium, 吉布斯相律 Gibbs phase rule, 吉布斯自由能 Gibbs free energy, 吉布斯混合能 Gibbs energy of mixing, 吉布斯熵 Gibbs entropy, 吉布斯函数 Gibbs function, 相平衡 phase balance, 相界 phase boundary, 相界线 phase boundary line, 相界交联 phase boundary crosslinking, 相界有限交联 phase boundary crosslinking, 相界反应 phase boundary reaction, 相变 phase change, 相组成 phase composition, 共格相 phase-coherent, 金相相组织 phase constentuent, 相衬 phase contrast, 相衬显微镜 phase contrast microscope, 相衬显微术 phase contrast microscopy, 相分布 phase distribution, 相平衡常数 phase equilibrium constant, 相平衡图 phase equilibrium diagram, 相变滞后 phase transition lag, Al-Si-O-N 系统相关系 phase relationships in the Al-Si-O-N system, 相分离 phase segregation, phase separation, 玻璃分相 phase separation in glasses, 相序 phase order, phase sequence, 相稳定性 phase stability, 相态 phase state, 相稳定区 phase stabile range, 相变温度 phase transition temperature, 相变压力 phase transition pressure, 同质多晶转变 polymorphic transformation, 相平衡条件 phase equilibrium conditions, 显微结构 microstructures, 不混溶固溶体 immiscible solid solution,

转熔型固溶体 peritectic solid solution, 低共熔体 eutectoid,crystallization, 不混溶性 immiscibility, 固态反应 solid state reaction, 烧结 sintering, 相变机理 Phase transformation mechanism: 成核生长相变 nucleation–growth transition, 斯宾那多分解 spinodal decomposition, 有序无序转变 disordered-order transition, 马氏体相变 martensite phase transformation, 成核 nucleation, 成核机理 nucleation mechanism, 成核势垒 nucleation barrier, 晶核,结晶中心 nucleus of crystal, (金属组织的)基体 quay, 基体,基块,基质,结合剂 matrix, 子晶,雏晶 matted crystal, 耔晶,晶种 seed crystal, 耔晶取向 seed orientation, 籽晶生长 seeded growth, 均质核化 homogeneous nucleation, 异质核化 heterogeneous nucleation, 均匀化热处理 homogenization heat treatment



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