当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高中英语选修六Unit 2 Poems ---语法学案4


高二英语学案

编写教师 王晶晶

2013 年 11 月

班级_______ 姓名 ________小组_________

Unit 2 语法学案--- 虚拟语气学案四
【学习目标】
1. Get the students to study the Subjunctive M

ood. (1).wish 引导的宾语从句中的虚拟语气 (2).表示要求,命令,建议的虚拟语气 2.Enbale students to use the Subjunctive Mood correctly and properly.

【课前复习】
*. 虚拟语气在 if 条件状语从句中的用法
条件从句 与现在事实相反 从句谓语形式 主句谓语形式

与过去事实相反

与将来事实相反

【课前预习】
*. wish 引导的宾语从句中的虚拟语气
与现在事实相反

与过去事实相反 与将来 事实相反

【语法讲解】
一、 动词 wish 后宾语从句中的虚拟语气
1. 用过去式来表示现在的情况。
高二英语 Unit Two 学案 四 第 1 页

高二英语学案

编写教师 王晶晶

2013 年 11 月

例:I wish he were at home this time. 2. 用过去完成式表示过去的情况。 例:I wish I hadn' t hurt him so much。 3. 用 would/could/might+动词原形表示将来的情况。 例:I wish I might be able to come tomorrow 。

二、 在表示建议、 命令、 要求、 忠告等动词的后面, 其宾语从句的谓语用“should+ 动词原形”表示虚拟语气
常用的此类动词有: 表示“要求”的:ask, desire, request, demand, require, beg 表示“提议、劝告、建议”的:propose, suggest, recommend, advise, vote 表示“决定、命令”的:decide, order ,command 表示“主张”的:maintain, urge 表示“同意、坚持”的:consent, insist 常有这种说法:一个坚持 ________________________

两个命令 __________________________ 三个建议 __________________________ 四个要求 __________________________
例:The doctor suggested that he (should) try to lose his weight. He insisted that we (should ) tell him the news. 上 述 动 词 的 名 词 形 式 , demand, desire, requirment, advice, order, decision, recommendation, suggestion, 以及 necessity, preference, plan, motion, idea 等名词,其后的 表语从句或同位语从句,也用“should+动词原形“表示虚拟语气。现代英语,特别是美 国英语,常省去“should” ,例: The advice is that we (should) leave at once. He idea that we (should)visit Great Wall was warmly welcomed. 三、在“It is (was)+形容词(或过去分词)+that……”结构中,主语从句的谓语也

用“should+原形动词“表虚拟语气
美国英语中省去 should, 常用的形容词和过去分词有: 表示“要求”的:required, demanded, requested, desired, 表示“建议”的:suggested, recommended, 表示“迫切、紧近、重要”的:imperative, urgent, necessary, essential, important, vital 表示“适当、较好”的:appropriate, advisable, better, preferable
高二英语 Unit Two 学案 四 第 2 页

高二英语学案

编写教师 王晶晶

2013 年 11 月

表示“可能”的:probable, possible 表示“命令”的:ordered 例:It was necessary that we (should) make everything ready ahead of time. It is required that nobody (should)smoke here.

四 It’s necessary/strange/natural/ important/pity/no wonder/impossible + that Clause 从 句 中 的 动 词 要 用 虚 拟 , 即 (should)+动词原形
It is strange that he should say so . 他居然会这样说,真是奇怪。 It is a great pity that he should think so. 他居然会这样想,真是一件憾事。 It is natural that___________________________. 鸟在树上安歇是很自然的。 It is necessary that___________________________. 有必要立即派他去北京。

五、would rather 后的宾语从句 与现在事实相反 would rather that 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反
I would rather you could teach me again. I would rather___________________. 我宁愿他们明天来。

过去时 过去完成时 过去时

六、as if, as though 引导的从句
以 as if 、as though(似乎,仿佛)引出的方式状语从,如果表示真实情况应 该用直陈语气; 如果表示非真实情况则应该用虚拟语气, 其谓语动词的虚拟式 与 wish 后面宾语从句中谓语动词的虚拟式相同。如: The little boy knows so many things as if he was a man. He acted as usual as though nothing had happened. The boy acted ____ he had never lived in Canada before. A. as though B. even if
高二英语

C. as

D. since
第 3 页

Unit Two 学案 四

高二英语学案

编写教师 王晶晶

2013 年 11 月

七、由 if only (要是……,那该多好啊! )引导的惊叹句。
If only I had passed the test ! If only it stopped raining! 比较 if only 与 only if only if 表示"只有"; only 则表示"如果……就好了"。 only 也可用于陈述语气。 if If I wake up __________the alarm clock rings. 只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。 ___________the alarm clock had rung. 当时闹钟响了,就好了。 ___________he comes early. 但愿他早点回来。

八、It is (high) time that
It is (high) time that 后面的从句谓语动词要用过去式或用 should 加动词原形, 但 should 不可省略。 It is time that the children went to bed. It is high time that the children should go to bed. It is high time that__________________. 该是我们吃午饭的时候了。 It is time that______________________. 该是他作出决定的时候了。

Multiple choices
1 If only I _____ how to operate an electronic computer as you do. had known B. would know C. should know D. knew 2. It’s high time that something _________ to prohibit selling fake commodities. A. must be done B. was done C. be done D. were done 3. There was a traffic jam; otherwise I ____ here on time.? A. would be B. had been ? C. should be D. would have been 4.I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I ___ there. A. was B. were C. had been D. went 5.The teacher agreed to the suggestion that the students ___ two weeks to prepare for the exam. A. give B. should give C. be given D. would be given 6. It is strange that such a thing ___ in your school. A. will happen B. happens C. should happen D. happened 7. I’d rather you ___ right away. A. leave B. left C. will leave D. to leave 8. It is required that you ____ at six. A. will arrive B. arrive C. arrived D. would arrive
高二英语 Unit Two 学案 四 第 4 页


相关文章:
高中英语选修六Unit2学案4 Vocabulary
高中英语选修六Unit2学案4 Vocabulary_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高二英语 选修六...高二英语 选修六 Unit2 Poems Vocabulary 课堂演练单词默写: 低垂; 凋萎; 萎靡...
人教版选修六Unit2 poem导学案
人教版选修六Unit2 poem导学案_英语_高中教育_教育...2 语法填空 9 10 so many different forms of ...学案一答案见课件 三、词汇对点集训高二英语第一...
人教版选修六Unit2《Poems》word学案
人教版选修六Unit2Poems》word学案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 2 Poems(period 1) Warming up Can you recite the Chinese traditional poems according to ...
学案 练习案 人教版高中英语选修六-Unit2-Poems-Reading
学案 练习案 人教版高中英语选修六-Unit2-Poems-Reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版高中英语选修六-Unit2-Poems-Reading 学案 练习案 ...
高中英语选修六Unit 2 Poems ---学案 1
高中英语选修六Unit 2 Poems ---学案 1 隐藏>> 高二英语学案 编写教师 王晶晶...具体的 4.___ adj.灵活的;可弯曲的 6.___ n. 翻译;译文 8.___ adv...
高中英语 unit 2 poems reading学案 新人教版选修6
高中英语 unit 2 poems reading学案 新人教版选修6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 2 Poems Pre-reading 1. What poets do you know? And what works do you...
选修6 Unit 2 Poems (词汇学案)
高二英语:Unit 2 Poems单... 4页 免费 2.1《Unit2 Poems》课件(新... ...学案29 选修6 unit2 poems... 5页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心...
高中英语 Book6 Unit2 Poems词汇学案新人教版选修6
高中英语 Book6 Unit2 Poems词汇学案新人教版选修6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。...最 后的,最终的___adv 最后,终于(同 义词) 4.___ n.盐___→adj.含盐...
高中英语选修六Unit 2 Poems ---单元检测
高中英语选修六Unit 2 Poems ---单元检测 隐藏>> 高二英语学案 编写教师 王晶晶...is formed; is made up of 4. As students, we have many duties to ...
高中英语选修六Unit 2 The United Poems ---学案2warmi...
高中英语选修六Unit 2 The United Poems ---学案2warming up and reading 隐藏...4.Li Shizhen’s Bencaogangmu has been t___ into many languages. 7.The...
更多相关标签: