当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book2Unit3


2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 2 Unit 3 Computers
Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.as a result 结果→as a consequence/in consequence 结果→as a result of 因为→as a consequence of 因为→consequently adv.结果 2.anyhow/anyway 无论如何;即使如此→somehow 不知怎么地 3.in a way 在某种程度上→in the way 挡道→on the way to 在去??的路上→on the way 临近→make one’s way to 朝??走去 4.arise vi.出现;发生→arise from/out of sth.因??产生;由??引起 5.deal with 处理;对付→do with 处理 6.watch over 看守;监视→watch out 当心 7.niece 侄女;甥女→nephew 侄子;外甥 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.logical adj.合逻辑的→logically adv.合逻辑地→logic n.逻辑 2.technology n.工艺;科技→technological adj.科技的 3.intelligence n.智力→intelligent adj.聪明的 4.solve vt.解决→solution n.解决方法 5.application n.应用;申请→apply vi.申请;应用 6.finance n.金融;财经→financial adj.财政的;经济的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The appearance(出现) of the computer with artificial intelligence(人工智能) is a technological revolution(技术革命) in computer technology(科技). 2.The building of the factory will improve our life in a way(在某种程度上), but many problems will arise(出现) when polluted water is poured without being dealt with(处理). 3.From now on(从现在起), I will be so busy with so many problems to solve that(如 此??以致于) I won’t have time to explore(探索) that matter with you. 4.Our newly designed android(机器人) can watch over(照管) babies,mop(用拖把拖) the floor. 5.We can download(下载) information from the Internet and enjoy other convenience that the application(应用) of computers brings. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) With the electronic technology revolution going on,simplified calculation is

1

solved in the application on finance by universal exploration.Our goal of making life happier is certain to be realized through man’s intelligence. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.As time went by, I was made smaller. 随着时间推移,他们把我造的越来越小了。 2.My memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! 我的存储量大的我都难以置信! 3.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. 我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.By the time you have finished this book,your meal 京,22) A.gets C.will get 答案 C 解析 句意为:等你读完这本书的时候,你的饭就凉了。by the time 引导时间状语从句, 从句中用现在完成时代替将来完成时,故主句应该用一般将来时。 (考查单元语法) 2.In the last few years thousands of films (2011·天津,3) A.have produced C.are producing 答案 B 解析 句意为:在过去的几年里,全世界拍摄了成千上万部电影。根据时间状语 in the B.have been produced D.are being produced all over the world. B.has got D.is getting cold. (2012·北

last few years 可确定时态为现在完成时,然后根据 films 与 produce 的关系可确定使 用被动语态。故空格处应为现在完成时的被动语态。 (考查单元语法) 3. As is reported, it is 100 years 川,6) Qinghua University was founded. (2011·四

2

A.when C.after 答案 D

B.before D.since

解析 句意为:正如报道的那样,清华大学已建校 100 年了。when 当??时候;before 在??之前;after 在??之后;since 自从。It is some time since...为固定句型。 根据句意可确定正确选项为 D。 (教材原句:As time went by, I was made smaller.) 4 . In many people’s opinion , that company , though relatively small , is pleasant . (2010·四川,11) A.to deal with C.to be dealt with 答案 A 解析 句意为:在很多人看来,尽管那家公司相对来说较小,人们却能够与之愉快合作。 该句可还原成 To deal with that company is pleasant。故选 A。 (教材原句:This means that it should clean the house...and deal with telephone calls.) 5.Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the money?making jobs they before leaving their hometowns. 建,28) A.promised C.have promised 答案 D 解析 句意为: 每年大量农民工涌入深圳, 去寻找他们离乡前别人给他们许诺的挣钱的工 作。此处农民工是“被许诺工作”,需用被动语态,故排除 A 和 C 两项;B 项仅表一般过 去时的被动;D 项表示“已经被许诺”,故选 D。 (考查单元语法) Ⅱ.完形、阅读——英译汉 1.Strip?mining totally destroys the land. 东·阅读 A) 露天开采完全破坏了土地。 2 . Arthur Miller(1915 ~ 2005) is universally recognized as one of the greatest dramatists (2011·山东·阅读 A) of the 20th century. (2012·山 B.were promised D.have been promised (2010·福 B.dealing with D.dealt with

3

普遍认为 Arthur Miller 是 20 世纪最伟大的剧作家之一。 3.For those who study the development of intelligence(智力)in the animal world, self?awareness is an important measurement. (2011·大纲全国Ⅱ·阅读 B) 对于研究动物智力发展的人来说,自我意识是一个重要的标尺。 Ⅲ.书面表达——汉译英 1. 更糟糕的是, 他们随地吐痰, 随手把垃圾扔进湖里, 全然不顾附近醒目的“不乱扔垃圾” 标志,真是可耻。(totally) 达) What’s worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake,totally ignoring the noticeable sign “No Littering” nearby.What a shame! 2.那么怎样解决这些问题呢?在我看来,骑自行车是一个很好的解决方式。(solve) (2011·江西·写作) How can we solve the problems then? As far as I’m concerned, riding bicycles is a good solution. 历年高考热点:deal with,totally, universally,intelligence,solve 等的用法。 2014 考点预测:anyhow,signal,solve,arise,as a result,in a way,deal with,watch over 等的用法。 (2012·福建·书面表

1 anyhow 双语释义 adv.尽管;即使如此;无论如何;反正(anyway);随便地,杂乱无章地(in a careless way) 学情诊断 (1)翻译句子 ①Anyhow,my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. 不管怎样,我的目标是给人类提供高质量的生活。 ②I have tried, but I can’t open it anyhow. 我已经试过了,但无论如何也打不开。 ③She piled the papers on her desk just anyhow. 她把文件随便地堆放在桌子上。 (2)I’m certain David’s told you his business troubles. that he owes a lot of money to the bank.
4

,it’s no secret

A.However C.Therefore 答案 B

B.Anyhow D.Though

解析 句意为:我确信戴维已经告诉你他的生意遇到麻烦了。不管怎么说,他欠银行很 多钱已不是秘密了。however 可是,然而;anyhow 总之,无论如何;therefore 因此; though 尽管。 归纳拓展 anyway=anyhow 无论如何;不管怎样;用任何方式 somehow 用某种方式;不知怎么地;不知为什么 somewhat 稍微,有点 常用来修饰形容词或副词 2 signal 双语释义 v.发信号(make a sound to give a message);表明,预防(indicate);n. 信号(sign);标志,预示 学情诊断 (1)用 signal 的适当形式填空 ①Did you signal before you turned right? ②The thief signaled his friends that the police were coming. ③Chest pains can be a warning signal of heart problems. (2)There are past. A.signals C.signs 答案 C 归纳拓展 signal to sb.向某人示意 示意某人做某事 示意?? signal to help 发出求救信号 traffic signals 交通信号 by signal 以信号 易混辨析 symbol,signal,sign,mark B.marks D.symbols to show that a new,different city is coming out of its dark

symbol 指符号、象征、标志等。 signal 指信号、暗号或警告等。 sign 表示“记号,符号”时,同 symbol。表示“告示,牌示”时,侧重指用图画、文字

5

表达的告示、图示,此外还可以理解为“迹象,征兆”。 mark 普通用词,含义广泛。既可指为便于辨认而有意做的标记,又可指自然形成的标记 或有别于其他事物的特征。 活学活用 用 symbol,signal,sign,mark 的适当形式填空 (1)The siren(警报器) was a signal for everyone to leave the building. (2)The children left dirty marks all over the kitchen floor. (3)Dove is a symbol of peace. (4)Dark clouds are usually a sign of rain. 3 solve 双语释义 vt.解决;解答(deal with;handle) 学情诊断 (1)We’re trying to solve the difficult problem. 我们正设法解决这个难题。 (2)This problem is too difficult for me to solve.(翻译句子) 这个问题太难,我解决不了。 (3)This is the best way A.solve C.solving 答案 B 归纳拓展 同义词语:settle,resolve,deal with,do with,work out 4 arise 双语释义 vi.发生(happen);产生;出现(start to exist);(由??)引起;(因??) 产生(happen as a result of...) 学情诊断 (1)用 arise,rise 或 raise 的适当形式填空 ①A great wind arose when we were about to leave. ②The price of wheat has been raised since last year. ③The price of wheat has risen since last year. ④A new crisis has arisen. (2)We should always bear in mind that accidents driving. A.arise B.arouse from carelessness while B.to solve D.solved the problem.

6

C.begin 答案 A

D.cause

解析 句意为: 我们应该时刻牢记, 开车时粗心大意会引发交通事故。 arise from 由?? 引起;因??发生,符合句意。arouse 唤起,激起;begin 常与 with 连用;cause 引 起,为及物动词。

归纳拓展 arise from/out of 由??引起;因??发生, th.arise 某事出现 易错提示 arise 为不及物动词, 表示“出现, 发生”时, 主语一般为抽象名词, 如 problem, trouble, quarrel,difficulty,misunderstanding 等。 易混辨析 arise,rise,raise

这些动词均有“上升,举起”之意。 a rise 不及物动词,意为“出现;发生”。 rise 不及物动词,意为“上升;起床;升起”,说明主语自身移向更高的位置。 raise 及物动词,“抬高;提高”,说明主语的动作作用于其他事物。 5 as a result 双语释义 结果(as a consequence) 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 ①He was late as a result of the heavy snow. 由于大雪他迟到了。 ②He defeated all competitors and won the scholarship as a result. 结果他击败了所有的竞争者,最终赢得了奖学金。 ③Hard working results in success. 努力工作成就成功。 ④Success results from hard working. 成功来自努力工作。 ⑤The farm was flooded, with the result that most of the harvest was lost. 农场被淹,收成损失了一大半。 (2)The quarrel resulted A.in;left his mother the house.

B.from;leaving

7

C.in;leaving 答案 C

D.from;left

归纳拓展 as a result 表示一个最终的结果;可放在句首、句 中,用逗号与后面的句子隔开;也可以放在句尾。 as a result of 由于,后面接表示原因的内容。 result from 因??而起 result in 导致??的结果 with the result that=so that 从而;因此;结果是 图解助记

写作句组

满分作文之佳句背诵

a.For another,bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won’t give off waste gas. (2011·江西) b. Thanks to the comforting smile in my first morning class, I began to be confident. (2010·湖北) c.At last,let’s hope this competition will be a great success due to your hard work and full warmth. (2009·天津) 6 in a way/in one way 双语释义 从某种意义上讲,从某方面来说;在某种程度上(to some extent;not completely;up to a certain point) 学情诊断 (1)用 way 的相关短语填空 ①Although he thought he was helping us prepare dinner,he was only in the way.

8

②He stayed all the way at home during the winter holidays. ③In no way can theory be separated from practice. (2)—I think he is taking an active part in social work. —I agree with you A.in a way C.by the way 答案 A 解析 答句句意为:在某种程度上我同意你的观点。in a way 在某种程度上。 . B.on the way D.in the way

归纳拓展 all the way 一路上;始终;一直 in no way 决不 in some ways 在某种程度上 in the/one’s way 挡着某人的路,碍事 no way 没门儿;不可能 on the/its way 即将到达 7 deal with 双语释义 处理;对付(handle);安排;涉及,论及(be about);和(某人)做生意(trade with) 学情诊断 (1)同义词语替换 ①Don’t worry,Mr. Symes;it’s already been dealt with.solved ②I don’t know how to deal with all the food that’s left over.what to do with (2)一言辨异(deal with/do with/deal in) I don’t know how to deal with the man dealing in second?cars.Can you tell me what to do with my old car? 归纳拓展 how to deal with sth./what to do with sth.如何处理某物 deal in sth.做??生意,经营,买卖 make a deal 达成协议;做成交易 It’s a deal.成交;一言为定。 8 watch over看守;监视;照看 学情诊断

9

(1)完成句子 ①Watch for(关注) any sudden changes in temperature,in case of getting a cold in winter. ②Watch out for(注意) a man in a black hat. ③Do you mind watching over(照看) my bag while I go to the rest room? (2)“ children. A.Watch over C.On the watch 答案 D B.Watch for D.Watch out ! There’s a car coming,”the mother shouted to the playing

归纳拓展 watch out for 留心,密切注意 watch out 注意;当心;提防 watch for 注意,当心 watch...do/doing 注视?做过/正在做 on watch 值班 watch your mouth/tongue 说话当心

1 And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! 我的储存容量变得如此巨大,甚至连我自己都不能相信! 句型公式:so...that... 学情诊断 (1)用 so 或 such 填空 ①He worked so hard that he passed the exam at last. ②He is such a clever boy that everybody likes him. ③He has so little money that he can’t feed his family. (2)The Great Wall is every year. A.so a well?known C.such well?known a B.a so well?known D.such a well?known tourist attraction that millions of people pour in

10

答案 D 解析 由 so+adj.+a(n)+n.+that...=such+a(n)+adj.+n.+that...可知。 归纳拓展 so...that...引导结果状语从句,此处 so 是副词,口语中可省略 that。,so...that... 句式的常见用法如下: so+adj.或 adv.+that... so+adj.+ +n.+that...

so+many 或 few+复数名词+that... so+much 或 少 +不可数名词+that...

思考 表达“如此??以致于”的 such 句型: such+a(n)+adj.+n.+that.../such+adj.+不可数名词+that.../such+adj.+名 词复数+that... 2. As time went by, I was made smaller.,随着时间的推移,我被制造的更小了。 句型公式:as引导的时间状语从句 学情诊断 (1)完成句子 As society develops, the pollution becomes more serious. With society developing, the pollution becomes more serious. 随着社会的发展, 污染变得更严重了。 (2) the problem of land erosion(侵蚀) getting more and more serious, the

government is searching for a way to deal with it. A.As C.When 答案 B 解析 with 之后加复合宾语;as 之后加句子。 归纳拓展 可以引导时间、原因、方式、让步状语从句。分别翻译为:当??时候,因为, 正 如,尽管。引导让步状语从句时用倒装语序。 也可以引导定语从句,作关系代词。这时先行词前有: so,as,such,the same 等。 3 单元语法:现在完成时的被动语态 学情诊断 用被动语态改写下列句子 (1)We have bought a new personal computer. B.With D.If

11

→A new personal computer has been bought by us. (2)We have found many problems with our new washing machine. →Many problems have been found with our new washing machine by us. (3)I have given him the book. →He has been given the book by me. →The book has been given to him by me. (4)He has offered us the most comfortable service. →The most comfortable service has been offered to us by him. →We have been offered the most comfortable service by him. (5)He has thought of a way of solving the problem. →A way of solving the problem has been thought of by him.

Ⅰ.根据英文释义写出下列单词 1.simplify:to make things easier 2.calculate:to find the answer using numbers 3.solve:to work out the answer to a problem 4.totally:completely 5.finance:the activity of managing money Ⅱ.语境填词 solve,technology,appearance,signal,arise 1.The policeman signaled the traffic to move forward slowly. 2.Remember that accidents often arise from carelessness. 3.The solution to the problem required many hours. 4.She has mastered a very useful technique. 5.He hasn’t appeared by now. Ⅲ.词义猜测或句意理解题——用本单元词汇或句式替换划线部分 1.You can break up the long sentence to make it simple.simplify it 2.Since the 1970s, many new uses have been found for me.applications 3.I’ve been sent to see how the Moon is like.explore the Moon 4.If a new situation happens, he will find it hard to deal with it.arises 5.In my eyes,the team that won first place cheated.Personally,I think Ⅳ.微写作(8) 写作素材
12

1.我想研制自己的机器人。 2.它将具有人工智能并有人的外表。 3.它不但能进行逻辑思维,还能替我照顾年迈的父母,处理我的私事。 4.我希望这会变为现实,在它的帮助下,生活会变的很便利。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) I’d like to develop my own android with artificial intelligence and human appearances.It not only thinks logically, but also can watch over my parents for me besides dealing with my personal affairs.I hope it would become a reality and with its help, life would be much more convenient. Ⅴ.微语法(8)——现在完成时 (课外拓展——一个单元突破一个语法点) 1.Every possible means not clear. A.is used C.has been used 答案 C 解析 现在完成时表示过去的动作对现在的影响,every possible means 作主语,谓语 B.are used D.have been used to prevent the air pollution,but the sky is still

动词用单数。又因为 use 与 means 之间为动宾关系,故 C 项正确。 2.I want to buy that jacket because I A.have told;washes B.have been told;washes C.was told;washed D.have been told;is washed 答案 B 解析 句中“I”和“tell”之间是被动关系,且动作已经发生,故用现在完成时的被动 the cloth well.

语态;动词 wash 此处表示这种布料本身的特征,应使用主动形式。 3.—How many times not to play with fire?

—I’m sorry.I’ll never do that again. A.do you tell C.are you told 答案 D 解析 根据“how many times”可知动作发生在一段时间内,故应用完成时态。tell 与 B.had you told D.have you been told

you 之间为动宾关系,故 D 项正确。

13

4.Though we don’t know what was discussed,yet we can feel the topic A.had changed C.was changed 答案 D B.will change D.has been changed

.

解析 本题中使用了一般现在时态,the topic 与 change 之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,故 须用被动语态,且是造成对现在的一种感觉,故又应该用完成时态。 5.Don’t repeat the story if their son A.tells C.has told 答案 C 解析 句意为:如果他们的儿子已经把事情告诉了他们就不要再重复了。主句是祈使句, 表示将要发生的动作, 条件状语从句表示到将来某一时刻已经完成的动作, 故用现在完成 时表示将来完成意义。 them all about it. B.told D.will tell

Step One

抓基础——句子先行

第 5 讲 复合句原来不复杂(2)——定语从句 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 通常由关系代词(who, whom, that, which, as,whose )或关系副词(where,when,why)引导。 (1)I read the announcement of the summer camp in Singapore that you have posted on the Internet and I am interested in it. 纲全国Ⅰ·书面表达) 我读到了你们在因特网上发布的在新加坡举办夏令营的通知,我很感兴趣。 (2)Soon,I became one of the top students in my class,which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated. 北·短文写作) 很快我成了班上的尖子生之一,这极大地增强了我的自信心并激发了我的积极性。 (3)As we all know,books are the source of knowledge. 西·书面表达) 众所周知,书是知识的源泉。 (4)When my best friend went abroad,he sent me a book as a gift,which always reminded me of him. 南·书面表达) 当我最好的朋友出国时,他送给我一本书作为礼物,这本书时常让我想起他。 (2012· 湖 (2012· 江 (2012· 湖 (2012·大

14

(5)I will learn from him and be a person who is always ready to help others. (2012·湖南·书面表达) 我将向他学习并成为一个乐于帮助别人的人。 (6)Even the students who used to dislike English have turned out to be interested in the subject. 宁·书面表达) 即使过去不喜欢英语的同学也已经对这门学科感兴趣了。 (7)However,some of the texts have too many new words and expressions which are hard for us. 宁·书面表达) 然而,有些课文对我们来说有太多太难的生词和短语。 (8)Last but not least,my physics teacher is my role model,whose influence on me had a lot to do with my decision. (2012·安徽·书面表达) 最后但同样重要的是, 我的物理老师是我的楷模, 他对我的影响对我的决定起了很大的 作用。 (9)To avoid such conflicts,we should be kind to one another,which is essential to enjoy a harmonious life. (2012·江苏·书面表达) 为了避免这样的冲突,我们应与别人友好相处,这对共享和谐生活来说是不可缺少的。 (10)Now I owe all my progress in English to Mrs. Jones whose encouragement has made me achieve what I have now. (2012·广东·读写任务) 现在我把我在英语上的所有进步都归功于 Mrs.Jones, 她的鼓励使我取得了我今天拥有 的成绩。 即时训练 用定语从句翻译下列句子 1.我把他们领到附近的停车点并建议他们乘坐 20 路班车,它可以直接带他们到那里。 (2012·北京·情景作文) I led them to the nearby bus stop and advised them to take Bus No.20,which could take them there directly. 2.我有一本有关英语学习方面的书,想交换一下。 达) I have a book about English learning that I want to exchange. (2012·重庆·书面表 (2012· 辽 (2012· 辽

15

3.众所周知,污染对人类的危害很大。 As we all know,pollution does great harm to human beings.

16


相关文章:
一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book2...
一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book2Unit5_英语_高中教育_教育...3.The band got separated in 1970.broke up 4.Please answer the question ...
...2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book4Unit4
一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book4Unit4_英语_高中教育_教育...2.Dark clouds are gathering.It may rain soon.is_likely_to 3.He put ...
一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版第一轮复习讲义 Book...
一线教师自用2014届高三英语人教版第一轮复习讲义 Book 1 Unit 1 Friendship_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 1 Unit ...
教师自用2014届高三英语人教版首轮复习精品讲义Book4Un...
教师自用2014届高三英语人教版轮复习精品讲义Book4Unit1_高三英语_英语_高中...2.She thinks that wild animals should be left in the wild.argues 3.Don...
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 2 Unit 1...
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 2 Unit 1 Cultural relics 新人教版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 2...
一线教师高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book1Unit4
2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 1 Unit 4 Earthquake Ⅰ....2.In 15 seconds, a large city was_completely_destroyed.lay_in_ruins 3 ...
内蒙古教师2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book1Un...
内蒙古教师2014届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义Book1Unit3_高三英语_英语_高中...2.I want_to_join_you_immediately.can’t_wait_to_join_you 3.He got ...
...教师用书 Book 2 Unit 3 Computers 新人教版
2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 2 Unit 3 Computers Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.as a result 结果→as a ...
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 4 Unit 4...
2014 届高三英语人教版大一轮复习讲义教师用书 Book 4 Unit 4 Body language Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.curious adj.好奇的→be ...
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 2 Unit 5...
2014届高三英语大一轮复习讲义 教师用书 Book 2 Unit 5 Music 新人教版_英语_...3.The band got separated in 1970.broke up 4.Please answer the question ...
更多相关标签: