Period 2 Language points
? differences; ? which; ? right/ honor; ? as; ? modern
1.How many competitors from how many competed countries________? 从多少个
? 竞争/竞赛（vi.）compete. . ? 竞赛（n.） , competition ? 参赛者（n.） competitor , compete in (a game, a match)参加,在…方 面竞争 compete with/against sb和某人竞争 compete for( a prize, a medal, …)角逐,为 …竞争
1.He believed that nobody could compete with ____________ him.
2.More than 1,000 competitors took part in the competition to compete for the first __________ prize.
competed 3.Wang Junxia has now ________ in
? 2. Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games?
? 译: 谁不能参加古代奥林匹克
2 take part in, join, join in, attend的区别
take part in 指参加某种活动，如体育、比赛、游 戏、讨论、战斗等，并积极地起着作用。 join指参加某组织并成为一员。 join in 指参加活动或游戏，和take part in 相当。 但join sb. in… （和某人一起做某事）,不等于 take part in。 attend表示参加会议（聚会）等。 be present ( at )
joined 1.Do you remember the day when you ____ the Party?
join in 2.Would you ____ us ___ the ball game?
to attend 3.Last month he was invited ________ an important international meeting in London.
4.Every four years, many athletes from different countries __________________ take part in/join the Olympic Games.
? 3. stand for(P9，L9) ? 【原句再现】What do five rings on the Olympic flag stand for?（译） _______________________________ 奥运旗上的五环代表什么?
? 即景活用】 ? ---What does WTO means? ? ---The letters WTO__ __the Organization of World Trade. A. stand out B. stand by C. stand for D. stand against
4. I lived in what you call “Ancient Greece” and I used to write about the Olympic Games …
many days’ voyage, they arrived in what is called America now. After a long journey, they came to what was called “Gebi Desert”.
used to do 表示过去经常做某事/
表示过去的状态 =“习惯于” be/get/ become used to doing =“被用于做……”,是被动语态 be used to do ?
运用 am used to 1.I __________ the weather in Guangzhou. used to 2.Her mother ________ dance a lot when she was young. be used to 3.Bamboo (竹子) can _____________ make paper. 4.The old ___________ getting up are used to early.
5. Every four years
every 每４年，每隔３年 every four years= every fourth year every two weeks 每两周， every second week every other week 基数词 + 复数名词 序数词＋单数名词
每隔几...: every few+复数名词
Usually,medicine should be taken
every four hours / every fourth hour _____________________________. （ 每 四 小
Some of you go back home weeks / every second week _______________________
/every other week _____ _.（每隔一个星期）
He likes reading very much, so he goes to the bookshop______________. every few days
6. admit v. 1）允许 be admitted as 作为------被接受 be admitted to/into（介词）sth(运动会,俱乐 部,学校等) 获准做某事/参加 Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school every year. 2）承认 admit sth/doing sth I admit my mistake. He admitted having done wrong.
admitted She_______ having read the letter.(承认) He____________the club after his was admitted to tenth try.(被批准参加 ). was admitted as He ____________a member of the baseball team . (被接收 )
7.Our Greek cities used to compete against
each other for the honor of winning.（我们
? ? ? ? In honor of “为向...表示敬意”为纪念...”为祝贺... Have the honor of doing sth / to do sth 荣幸地做某事 Washington, a state in the United States, was named____ one of the greatest American presidents. A. in honor of B. instead of C. in favor of D. by means of
8. No other country could join in, nor could slaves or women. 其他国家都不能参加，奴隶和妇女也不行。 Nor do I think they should give it to any government. I don’t know, nor do I care. Nor是含有否定意义的副词,放在句首时,引起 部分倒装句，意为“同样也不”。
I can’t do it, nor/neither can he. She is not a doctor, nor/neither am I . He went home, so did I. so +助动词／情态动词+sb./sth …也… nor/neither +助动词／情态动词 +sb./sth. ……也不……
(1). I didn’t go there. Nor /neither __________ ___her. (她也是) did (2). She was a teacher. ______ I. So was (我也是这样) (3). I’m a student and I like English. __________ him. So it is with (他也是如此)
allowed 9. Women are not only _______but play a very important role, especially in…（妇女不仅被 允许参加，而且她们还在体操、竞技和团队等比 赛项目中起着非常重要的作用……) allow vt. 允许 The law doesn’t allow such an action.
allow + n./ pron. 允许…… My parents won’t allow me to stay out late. allow sb to do 允许某人干…… The police don’t allow parking in the street.
allow + doing 允许干……
? 在候车室乘客不允许吸烟 ? Passengers ( ) are not allowed to smoke in the waiting room. ? 我们不许在这里吸烟。 We don’t.(allow smoking here
? 10. as well
? 译文：每届奥运会都会有一个特殊 的村庄（奥运村）供参赛的人住， 一个主要的接待大楼，好几个供比 赛用的体育场，还有一个室内体育 馆。
1.may/might/could as well ? 2. is ? 3.being
11.There’s just as much a competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win an Olympic medal. 国与国之间争取奥运会承办权的竞争就跟争 夺奥运会金牌一样激烈。 as much + 名 + as + 名 (与……同样地……) → It’s as much your responsibility as mine. 这件事你和我一样都有责任。 她和你一样都是聪明的学生. She is as clever a student as you (are).
It is generally believed that teaching is ____ it is a science. B A.much as an art as B. as much an art as C. an art as much as D. as much as an art
? 12. So even the olive wreath has been
? 译文：就连橄榄枝花环也被取代 了吗？ 【归纳总结】 replace v．意为 取代； 替换；代替；放回 replace…with… 以…取代/代替…
? There is something wrong with the old tire，so he replaced it______ a B new one. ? A．for B．with C．to D．in
? 【随堂· 自我测评】 ? 句型转换
? 1.nor did I ? 2.take the place of me ? 3.in charge of ? 4.as well as ? 5.was admitted to
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? ? ? ? ? 1. on a regular basis 2. as well 3. As a matter of fact 4. picked up 5. took part in
? 6. Apart from ? 7. stand for ? 8. compete against ? 9. in charge ? 10. one after another