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必修二U4带答案


高三英语一轮复习提纲
学校: 潍坊行知学校 年级: 高三 (应届) 设计: 邱智慧 审核: 使用时间: 2014-10-9 Book II Unit 4 一.词语识记:根据汉语提示或词性默写出本单元高考必考词或短语 英文 词性 汉语 英文 词性 汉语 n. 野生动植物 vt. 影响 n. 保护 n. 注意,关注 adj. 野生的,野外的 注意 鉴赏, 感激, 意识 n.

栖息地 vt. 到 vt./vi. 恐吓,威胁 vi. 成功 vt./vi. 减少 vt. 接替,继任 vt. 危害 adj. 安全的,可靠的 灭亡 n. 收入 n. 损失 vt. 雇佣 n. 保护区 n./vt. 损害,伤害 vt./vi. 打猎 vt./vi. 咬,叮 n. 地域,地带 n. 灭绝 和平地 n. 恐龙 处于危险中 形成 n. 物种,种类 vt. 检查,视察 n. 地毯 n. 灰尘 vi. 回应 依据…所说 adj. 远处的,远的 adj. 凶猛的,猛烈的 n. 毛皮,软毛 n. 结尾,结局 n. 减轻 adv. 忠诚地 如释重负 n. 笑声 突然大声笑 n. 仁慈 adj. 确定的,某一个 n. 重要性 vt. 摩擦 保护…不受…伤 害 n. 蚊子 n. 昆虫 vt. 包含,容纳 adj. 有权力的 二.单词拼写:用所给单词的正确形式填空。
1.All she dreams is a _____________ and comfortable life in a small village by the sea. (peace)
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2._____________(protect)policies should be carried out to save the _____________(danger) animals. 3.The ________ decided to _______ Tom as her secretary and she hoped to have a talk with her __________ before he came to work. (employ) 4.Put this plant into this ___________(contain). It is very ____________(effect) to mosquito-bites. 5.Peter had thought the boss was __________,but he was ______and he fired Peter without ________.(mercy) 6.He opened the ___________(dust) book and coughed ____________ (fierce).

三. 短语填空:根据括号中的解释,从课文中找出恰当的短语完成下列句子。
1._____________(listening,looking at or thinking carefully) all the details of the report. 2.Humans _____________(appeared) long after the dinosaurs had died out. 3.Be careful! This building is _____________(having the possibility of some bad result) falling down. 4.He _____________(moved quickly to save time) wash the clothes and hang them before he went to bed. 5.She,s very depressed at present. You,d better leave her ____________(being calm and quiet). 6.The teacher _____________(changed position or direction) to give the naughty boy a warning look.

四. 句式练习:根据提示翻译下列句子 1. 由于人类的过度猎捕,许多动物都已经灭绝了。( die out,) _____________________________________________________________________ 2. 飞机安全着陆之后,一些人喜笑颜开,而另一些人欣慰地哭了。(burst into laughter; while; cry in relief) _____________________________________________________________________ 3. 开车的时候,你应该注意路标。( pay attention to; road signs) _____________________________________________________________________ 4. 香烟含有很多影响健康的化学成分, 这是众所周知的事实。 (contain; chemicals; affect) _____________________________________________________________________ 5. 政府提出了一项新的政策, 旨在保护城市里一些重要的历史遗迹。 ( put forward, preserve ) _____________________________________________________________________ 6. 根据气象报告,今天将会是一个晴朗的日子。( according to) _____________________________________________________________________
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7. 很多工人面临失业的危险。(in danger of) _____________________________________________________________________ 8. 昨晚我成功地与汤姆取得联系了。(succeed) _____________________________________________________________________ 9. 如果你能在周五晚上照顾一下孩子们,我将非常感激。 (appreciate) _____________________________________________________________________ 10. 随着越来越多的森林被毁坏, 每年都有大量的土壤被雨水冲走。 (with…, wash away, 被动语态) _____________________________________________________________________ 五.语法回扣 现在进行时态的被动语态 am/is/are (not) + being + V-过去分词

一、基本构成 二、用法讲解 1. 表示此时此刻正在进行的被动动作。 The new plan is being discussed now. 这个计划正在被讨论。 2. 表示现阶段正在进行的被动动作,但该动作不一定此时此刻发生。 Several new roads are being built in Heze. 菏泽有几条新的公路正在建设中。 3. 表示一种经常的被动行为,常常与 always, constantly 等副词连用,往往带有 夸奖、羡慕、埋怨、讨厌等感情色彩。 Tom is always being praised by his teacher. 汤姆总受到老师的表扬。 4. 可与情态动词连用,表示说话者对正在发生的被动行为的推测。 ---Do you know what mary is doing? ---She may be being interviewed in the office. ---你知道李华在干什么吗? ---他可能正在办公室接受面试。 (一)拓展提升 1. The parents are taking good care of their baby. The baby by their parents. (注:短语动词中的介词 不能遗漏) 2. An English party is being held tonight. 译: (注:现在进行 时的被动语态有时可表示按计划或安排将要进行的一个被动动作) 3. 用现在进行时的被动语态改写下列句子: The problem is under discussion at the meeting. (注:be +under/in +n.可表示现在进行时的被动意义)

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(二)课堂检测 1. (2010 陕西高考)It is reported that many a new house at present in the disaster area. A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 2. (2010 上海高考) The church tower which will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. A. has restored B. has been restored C. is restoring D. is being restored 3. Since your car , your may use mine. A. is being repaired B. has been repaired C. is repairing D. was being repaired 4 A new cinema __ ___ here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built (一)拓展提升:1、are being taken good care of 2、今天晚上将要举行一个英语派对。 3、The problem is being discussed at the meeting. (二)课堂检测 六.真题再现 01. ---Could I use this dictionary? ---____________. It’s a spare one. A. Good idea B. Just go ahead B. C. You’re welcome D. You’d better not 02. They choose Tom to be _______captain of the team because they knew he was ________smart leader. A. a; the B. the, the C. the, a D. a,a 03. Thanks for your directions to the house; we wouldn’t have found it ________. A. nowhere B. however C. otherwise D. instead 04. ---Tony, why are your eyes red? ---I ________up pepers for the last five minutes. A. cut B. was cutting B. C. had cut D. have been cutting 05. Starting your own business could be a way to achieving financial independence, ______, it could just put you in debt. A. In other words B. All in all B. C. As a result D. On the other hand 06. When it comes to _______in public, no one can match him.
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DDAD

A. speak B. speaking C. being spoken D. be spoken 07. Anyway, we’re here now, so let’s _______ some serious work. A. come up with B. get down to C. do away with D. live up to 08. Among the many dangers _______sailors have to face, probably the greatest of all is fog. A. which B. what C. where D. when 09. I don’t believe what you said, but if you can prove it, you may be able to _______me. A. Convince B. inform C. guarantee D. refuse 10. Life is unpredictable; even the poorest _______ become the richest. A. Shall B. must C. need D. might 11. _______nearly all our money, we couldn’t afford to stay at a hotel. A. Having spent B. To spend C. Spent D. To have spent 12. ---When shall I call, in the morning or afternoon ---______________. I’ll be in all day. A. Any B. None C. Neither D. Either 13. It is unbelievable that Mr. Lucas leads a simple life______ his great wealth. A. without B. despite C. in D. to 14. He is thought_______foolishly. Now he has no one but himself to blame for losing the job. A. to act B. to have acted C. acting D. have acted 15. It was the middle of the night__________my father woke me up and told me to watch the football game. A. that B. as C which D. when 21-25 BCCDD 七.单元检测
一、单项选择(20 分) 1. This book _____ ten units, ______ three mainly revision. A. contains; including C. contains; containing B. includes; containing D .includes; including

26-30 BBAAD

31-35 ADBBD

2. Cattle’s two ____ help them to digest food and their fur to keep them warm. A. stomaches B. heart C. stomachs D. hearts

3. She decided to apply _____ the boss _____ the new position. A. to to B. for for C. to for D. for to

4. I’ll finish the job ____ I come across great difficulty. A. however B. even though C. no matter D. as though

5. John, get up! I’m afraid you won’t have time to ______ before going out.
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A. get to change C. get change

B. get changing D. get changed

6. The accident ______ her careless . A resulted from B resulted in C as a result of D as a result

7. The students were told that they afternoon. A. met B. will meet

at the school gate at 2:00 o’clock the following

C. were to meet

D. were met

8. ----I ____ to a party, but I’ve got nothing to wear. ---- Why don’t you have a dress made for the party? A was asked B will ask C have asked D have been asked

9. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I _____ the cloth _____ well. A have told; washed C was told; washed B have been told; washes D have been told; is washed

10. This is one of the happiest days ____ spent in my life. A that have ever been C which was ever B that has never been D we have spent

11. He is wearing sunglasses to ____ his eyes from the strong sunlight . A. protect B. hold C. stop D. prevent

12. With ____ news coming, the trapped villagers grew more and more worried. A. no longer B. no more C. not any longer D. not any more

13. The movie once ____ a whole generation of people. They proved to be of much _____ in the education of people. A. affected effect C. effected effect B. effected affect D. affected affect

14. Great attention must be paid ____ welfare, especially in the poor area. A. develop B. to develop C. to developing D. developing

15.My brother wants to work in the factory which ____ still ______. A. is building B. has been built C. is being built D. is to be built

16.______ he will return to his native land. A. It is long before that
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B. It is before long that C. It won’t be long before D. It will be long before that 17.You are silly not _____ your door. A. to lock B. to have locked C. locking D. having locked

18. This man is difficult to ______. A deal with B do with C be deal with D be done with

19. Many kinds of animals and plants die ____ every year. A down B away C out D from

20. -----Are you coming to Jeff’s party? ----- I’m not ___. I might go to concert instead. A. for sure B. sure C. possible D. definite

二 完形填空 (30 分) There are about fifteen hundred languages in the world. But 21 a few of them are very 22 . English is one of these. Many, many people use it, not only in England and the U.S.A., but in other parts of the world. About 200,000,000 speak it as their own language. It is difficult to say how many people are learning it as a 2 3 language. Many millions are 2 4 or difficult to learn English? Different people may have different ever 26 to do so. 25 Is it easy

. Have you

ads( 广告) of this kind in the newspapers or magazines? "Learn English in six weeks, 28 you master your English in

or your 27 back..." "Easy and funny! Our records and tapes a month. never 31 29 the first day your

30 will be excellent. Just send ... " Of course, it

quite like this. 32 that we all

The only language that seems easy to learn is the mother tongue. We should learned our own language well when we were 13 it would not seem so difficult. 34

. If we could learn English in the same way,

what a small child does. He listens to what people say. He in it all the time. Just

tries what he hears. When he is using the language, talking in it, 35 imagine how much 36 So it is that gets!

37 to say that learning English is easy, because a good command of 39 much time. Good

English 38 upon a lot of practice. And practice needs great effort and teachers, records, tapes, books, and dictionaries will

40 . But they cannot do the student's work

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for him. 21. A. not 22. A. difficult 23. A. native 24. A. learning B. quite C. only D. very D. easy D. mother D. liking D. answers D. known D. English D. allow D. After D. pronunciation D. felt

B. important C. necessary B. foreign B. enjoying C. useful C. trying C. ideas C. noticed C. money C. let C. Since C. English C. seemed

25. A. questions B. problems 26. A. found B. watched

27. A. knowledge B. time 28. A. make 29. A. From 30. A. spelling 31. A. happened 32. A. know 33. A. students 34. A. Imagine 35. A. using 36. A. time 37. A. hard 38. A. depends 39. A. uses 40. A. do 一、单项选择 ACCBD 二.完型填空 1.C 2. B 3. B 13. B 4. C 14. D ACDBA B. help B. On B. grammar B. looked B. remember B. children B. Mind B. thinking B. money B. easy B. tries B. takes B. work

C. understand D. think C. babies C. Do C. trying C. language C. funny C. has C. gets C. help D. grown-ups D. Think of D. practicing D. practice D. silly D. takes D. costs D. master

ABACC

BBACB

5. D

6.C 7. C

8. B

9. A 10. D

11. A 12. B

15. B 16. D 17. A 18. A 19. B 20. C

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