当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

非谓语动词(The Past Participle (1) as the Attribute and Predicative)姜艳芬


The Past Participle (1) as the Attribute and Predicative
By jiang yanfen 一.Teaching aims: 1. Enable students to learn what the Past Participle is. 2. Enable students to acquire a good kn

owledge of the Past Participle as the Attribute and Predicative. 3. Develop students’ interest in English. 二.Teaching key points and difficult points 1. How to help students grasp the Past Participle as the Attribute and Predicative and put what they have learnt into practice. 2. How to lead students to learn the special rules of the Past Participle as the Attribute and Predicative by heart. 三.Teaching procedures Step 1: Greetings as usual. Step2: A dictation about the useful words and expressions in this unit. Step3: Lead-in. (引) Young people brought up in the new society can’t imagine the bitter life i n the old days. 非谓语动词(定义) :在句中充当除谓语以外的句子成分的动词形式 叫作非谓语动词。非谓语动词分为三种形式:不定式、动名词和分 词(现在分词和过去分词)。 Step3: The key points of this class. 过去分词:过去分词(done)是非谓语动词的一种形式,表示被动和

完成的动作。它在句中可以充当定语、表语、宾语补主语和状语等。 做题常见形式: 被动完成 (not) done 1.过去分词作定语 1. English is a widely used language 2. He threw away the broken cup 3. This is one of the schools built in 1980s(which/that were built in 1980s). 4. Prices of daily goods bought through a computer (that/which were bought through a computer) can be lower than store prices. 注:单个过去分词作定语,常放在被修饰词的前面;过去分词短语作 定语,常放在被修饰词的后面,相当于一个定语从句。过去分词作定 语表示被动和完成意义 (现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生, 与修饰 词是主谓关系) 。 E.g.: a developing country (发展中的国家) a developed country(发达的国家) 注: 单个过去分词修饰 something, everything, anything, nothing, somebody, nobody,those 等不定代词时,要放在这些词后面。 e.g.: Nothing reported(in the newspaper) interested him. 2.过去分词作表语 The cup is broken. She looked excited. 正在被动 (not)being done 将来被动 (not) to be done

注: 过去分词作表语时,一般置于 be, get, become, look, feel, appear, fall, go, grow, keep, prove, remain, run, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn 等系动词后面, 没有“完成”或“被动”之意, 而是表示主语的状态、 特点或思想感情等。此时,许多动词的过去分词已经被当作形容词使 用 (-ed 修饰人、 声音、 表情等, -ing 修饰物) : pleased, surprised, worried, excited, married, delighted, disappointed, interested, discouraged, drunk, tired, amused, astonished, limited, crowded, satisfied, puzzled, hurt, upset, bored, frightened, confused 等 1. A. Nobody was interested in the story he told. interesting . (interested,

B. The story he told was very interesting ) 2. A. Everybody was B. The news is very excited exciting

to hear the news. indeed. (excited, exciting )

注意:过去分词作表语与被动语态的区别:分词作表语表示主语的状 态,而被动语态则表示被动的动作。 e.g.: My glasses are broken. (状态)我的眼镜碎了。 My glasses were broken by my son. (动作) 我的眼镜被我儿子摔碎了。 This shop is now closed.这家商店现在已经关门了。(状态) This shop is closed at 6 pm everyday.这家商店每天 6 点关门。(动作) Step4: Several minutes for them to go over what we have learnt in this class and ask if any question. Then, finish 10 related exercises on their coach book. (动)

Step5: Presentation. (展) Choose a number from each group at random to write their answers on the blackboard. Step6: Evaluate their work and explain when necessary. (评) Step7: A test. (考) 1. Don’t use words, expressions, or phrases ___D____ only to people with specific knowledge. A. being known B. having been known C. to be known A on New Year’s Eve? C. to be held D. being held D. known

2. Did you go to the party A. held

B. to be holding

3. Mr Smith, __A__ of the ___ speech, started to read a novel. A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring

4. The girl who is dressed in red is Kelly’s long-lost friend. = The girl __ dressed in red __is Kelly’s long-lost friend. 5. Father beat the son who was lost in the online games. =Father beat the son ___ lost ____in the online games. 四.Blackboard writing design Key points: ?? 五.Teaching reflection Whiteboard: ?? Examples: ??

The Past Participle (2) as the Object Complement
By jiang yanfen 一.Teaching aims: 1. Enable students to learn what the object complement is. 2. Enable students to acquire a good knowledge of the Past Participle as the Object Complement 3. Develop students’ interest in English. 二.Teaching key points and difficult points 1. How to help students grasp the Past Participle as the Past Participle as the object complement and put what they have learnt into practice. 2. How to lead students to learn the special rules of the Past Participle as the Object Complement 三.Teaching procedures Step 1: Greetings as usual. Step2: Review what have learnt about the Past Participle as the Object Complement Step3: Lead-in. (引) 1. What is the object complement? What he said made me angry. The speaker raised her voice to make herself heard. Sum up:英语中有些及物动词,除有一个直接宾语以外,还要有一个 宾语补足语,才能使句子的意义完整。这类常用的及物动词有: make , consider, have, cause ,see , find , call ,get ,have, let 等。

宾语补足语的表现形式(带有宾语补足语的一般句型为): 某些及物动词(如 make 等)+直接宾语(名词或代词)+宾语补足语 2.过去分词做宾语补足语( the Past Participle as Object Complement) E.g.: They found their new bikes stolen. (被动完成) She was glad to see her child well taken care of .(被动) After waking up, I found everyone gone.(状态) 总结: 过去分词 (done) 作宾语补足语, 表示其动作已经完成或结束。 (现在分词-ing 表主动、 进行、 持续 e.g.: 1.The next morning she found the man lying in bed, dead.)能用宾语补足语的过去分词一般都是及物动 词,表示被动意义或已完成的意义,有时候两者兼而有之。作宾语补 足语的过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系, 即宾语是过去分动作的 对象。有时过去分词形容词化表状态。 With the homework finished, he was allowed to watch the football match. The girl is standing beside the street with her eyes fixed on the busy street. 注:过去分词不仅可以作动词宾语的补足语,还可以作介词宾语的补 足语。 3. Further study about the Past Participle as the Past Participle as the object complement. (1)过去分词用在表示状态的动词 keep ,leave 等的后面。 They kept the door locked for a long time.

Don’t leave the windows broken like this all the time (2). 过去分词用在使役动词 have, make 的后面。 (1)注意”have +宾语+ 过去分词”的两种用法: ①表示让某事被做,如: I have had my bike repaired. The villagers had many trees planted just then. ②表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击”等。 如: My elder sister had her wallet stolen on a bus last month. The old man had his wrist broken in the accident. (2)”make + 宾语+过去分词” , 在这种结构中,过去分词的动词必

须是表示结果含义的,如(make oneself done) : I raised my voice to make myself heard. They managed to make themselves understood using very simple English. 3.过去分词用在感官动词 watch ,notice, see, hear, listen to, feel, find 等的后面。 When we got to school, we saw the door locked. We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops. 4.过去分词用在 want, wish, like, expect, order 等表示“希望,愿望, 命令”这一类动词的后面作宾语补足语。 The teacher wouldn’t like the problem discussed at the moment. 5.过去分词用在“with+宾语+宾补”这一结构中,过去分词与宾语

之间是动宾关系。 The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back. With many brightly-colored flowers planted around the building, his house looks like a beautiful garden. Step4: Several minutes for them to go over what we have learnt in this class and ask if any question. Then, finish 10 related exercises on their coach book. (动) Step5: Presentation. (展) Choose a number from each group at random to write their answers on the blackboard. Step6: Evaluate their work and explain when necessary. (评) Step7: A test. (考) 1. The girl asked him not to leave the door __B___. A. to close B. closed C. to be closed D. closing 2. I have often heard the ABC song__C__, but I have never heard Alice ____ it. A. to be sung; to sing B. being sung; sang C. sung; sing D. sang; singing 3. He found them _C___ at table___. A. sat; to play chess B. sitting; to play chess C. seated; playing chess D. seat; play the chess 4. With all the work done(把所有的工作做完) , I feel very relaxed now. 5. Be careful, or you will have your hands hurt. (否则你会伤了你的手) 四.Blackboard writing design Key points: ?? 五.Teaching reflection Whiteboard: ?? Examples: ??

The Past Participle (3) as the Adverbial
By jiang yanfen 一.Teaching aims: 1. Enable students to learn what the object complement is. 2. Enable students to acquire a good knowledge of the Past Participle as the Object Complement 3. Develop students’ interest in English. 二.Teaching key points and difficult points 1. How to help students grasp the Past Participle as the Past Participle as the object complement and put what they have learnt into practice. 2. How to lead students to learn the special rules of the Past Participle as the Object Complement 三.Teaching procedures Step 1: Greetings as usual. Step2: Review what have learnt about the Past Participle as the Object Complement Step3: Lead-in. (引) 1. What is the object complement?


相关文章:
更多相关标签: