清远市 2015 届高三年级教学质量检测 英
注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的市（县）/区、学校、班级、 姓名、准考证号、试室号和座位号填写在答卡的密封线内。 2．选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需 改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案；不能答在试题卷上。 3．非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔
作答，答案必须写在另发的答题卷各题目 指定区域内的相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4．考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，请将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 I．语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1～15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 An optimistic attitude is not a luxury; it’s a necessity. The way you look at life will determine how you 1 , how you perform, and how well you will get along with other people. 2 , pessimism creates a sad and hopeless place where no one wants to live. 3 thoughts, attitudes, and expectations feed on themselves. Years ago, I 4 into a service station to get some gas. It was a 5 day, and I was feeling great. As I walked into the station to pay for the gas, the attendant said to me, “You don’t look well.” This took me completely by 6 . A little less confidently, I told him that I had never felt better. Without hesitation, he continued to tell me how bad I looked and that my skin appeared 7 . By the time I left the service station, I was feeling a little 8 . About a block away, I pulled over to the side of the road to look at my face in the mirror. How did I feel? Did I look that 9 ? Was everything all right? By the time I got home, I was beginning to feel a little 10 . Had I picked up some rare disease? The next time I went into that gas station, feeling 11 again, I figured out what had happened. The place had recently been painted a bright but disgusting yellow, and the light reflecting off the walls made everyone inside 12 as though they had hepatitis(肝炎)! I wondered how many other folks had reacted the way I did. I had let one short 13 with a total stranger change my 14 for an entire day. He told me I looked sick, and before long, I was actually feeling sick. That single negative observation had a(n) 15 effect on the way I felt and acted. 1. 2. 3. 4. A. learn A. Certainly A. Negative A. drove B. exercise B. Additionally B. Impractical B. walked
本试卷共 8 页，三大题，满分 135 分，考试用时 120 分钟。
C. behave C. Contrarily C. Sensitive C. rushed
D. feel D. Actually D. Indifferent D. ran
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
A. common A. accident A. rough A. tired A. well A. upset A. ill A. behave A. conversation A. work A. reasonable
B. beautiful B. mistake B. pale B. uneasy B. ugly B. sad B. fine B. believe B. visit B. confidence B. serious
C. busy C. surprise C. hurt C. bored C. strange C. sorry C. regret C. look C. bargain C. health C. temporary
D. dull D. chance D. yellow D. angry D. bad D. sick D. lost D. pretend D. stay D. attitude D. slight
第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。
II．阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A Speed-reading is an indispensable skill in the Internet age. We skim over articles, e-mails and tweets to try to grasp key words and the essential meaning of a certain text. Bombarded with information from our electronic devices, it would be impossible to cope （应付） if we read word by word, line by line. But a new trend calls on people to unplug and enjoy reading slowly, listing benefits beyond intellectual stimulation. A recent story from The Wall Street Journal reported on a book club in Wellington, New Zealand, where members meet in a cafe and turn off their smart phones. They sink into cozy chairs and read in silence for an hour. Unlike traditional book clubs, the point of the Slow Reading Club isn’t exchanging ideas about a certain book, but to get away from electronic devices and read in a quiet, relaxed
environment. According to the Journal, the Wellington book club is just one example of a movement initiated (发起) by book lovers who miss the old-fashioned way of reading before the Internet and smart phones. Slow readers, such as The Atlantic’s Maura Kelly, say a regular reading habit sharpens the mind, improves concentration, reduces stress levels and deepens the ability to empathize. Some of these benefits have been backed up by science. For example, a study of 300 elderly people published by the journal Neurology last year showed that regular engagement in intellectually strenuous activities like reading slowed the rate of memory loss later in life. Slow reading means a return to an uninterrupted pattern in a quiet environment free of distractions. “Aim for 30 minutes a day,” advises Kelly from The Atlantic. “You can squeeze in that half hour pretty easily if only during your free moments – whenever you find yourself automatically firing up your laptop to check your favorite site, or scanning Twitter for something to pass the time – you pick up a meaningful work of literature,” Kelly said. “Reach for your e-reader, if you like. Kindles make books like War and Peace less heavy, not less substantive(真实 的), and also ensure you’ll never lose your place.”
B The best selling children’s book, Pipilu Sending You 100 Lives, has been adapted into a homonymous play that will be put on for the first time next March and tour around 50 cities in China. The book was adapted by the Hangzhou based Star Dream Factory. “We don’t want to descend to the average children’s dramas that are overly eager to please the kids,” said Huang Qin, director of Star Dream Factory. “We want to provide something practically useful and mystically entertaining.” The original book by Chinese children’s book writer Zheng Yuanjie focuses on safety tips for kids. With Zheng’s usual candor and simplicity, the book avoids sugar-coating reality. Instead, it illustrates the potential dangers in everyday life and provides possible solutions. Zheng recalled that when he saw his new-born baby in the hospital, the first thought that hit him was to do his utmost to guarantee his son’s safety.
“Safety is of the greatest importance to a human being,” said Zheng. “If the person is gone, nothing else will matter.” According to Zheng, there is no preaching or soapboxing in his book. He said that he just wanted to talk and tell the plain truth to the children in an easily understandable way. This line of thought will be echoed in the theatrical reproduction, said director Guo Yan. She also said that the play will place emphasis on multimedia effects and the interaction with the families. “Theatre may not ensure the children a path to professional esteem and better jobs in society, but it does have the power to give them strength (at heart),” said Huang Qin. Huang also calls for consistent attention to child safety, pointing out the lack of universal education and effective legal channels. The show is expecting an estimated audience of more than 100,000 people during its domestic tour in the upcoming year.
C People with mentally taxing jobs, including lawyers and graphic designers, may end up having better memory in old age, research suggests. A study of more than 1,000 Scottish 70-year-olds found that those who had had complex jobs scored better on memory and thinking tests. One theory is that a more stimulating environment helps build up a “cognitive reserve” to help buffer the brain against age-related decline. The research was reported in Neurology. The team, from Heriot-Watt University, in Edinburgh, is now planning more work to look at how lifestyle and work interact to affect memory loss. Those taking part in the study took tests designed to assess memory, processing speed and general thinking ability, as well as filling in a questionnaire about their working life. The analysis showed that those whose jobs had required complex skills in dealing with data or people, such as management and teaching, had better scores on memory and thinking tests than those who had done less mentally intense jobs such as factory workers, bookbinders, or carpet
layers. While the study did not look at biological reasons for the protective effect of certain jobs, potential explanations include that structural changes within the brain mean less damage is accumulated over time. Study leader Dr Alan Gow said: “Our findings have helped to identify the kinds of job demands that preserve memory and thinking later on.” “However,” He added, “while it is true that people who have higher cognitive abilities are more likely to get more complex jobs, there still seems to be a small advantage gained from these complex jobs for later thinking skills.” Dr Simon Ridley, head of research at Alzheimer’s Research UK, said the study added to the growing evidence about factors that affected brain health as we aged. “Keeping the brain active throughout life could be helpful and different types of work may play a role. However, it’s important to note that this study points to a small and subtle association between occupation and later-life cognition rather than offering proof that people’s occupation has a direct influence.” 36. According to the research, who may have the best memory in old age? A. Taxi drivers. B. Computer programmers. C. Supermarket cashiers. D. Motor mechanics. 37. Which of the following about the research work is TRUE? A. The research team studied both environmental and biological factors. B. The researchers filled in a questionnaire about their working life. C. The research objects included people from various jobs and of different ages. D. The research is helpful to the study of brain health and is still under way. 38. What Dr Alan Gow said implies that __________. A. their findings are helpful to identifying the kinds of job demands B. people who do more complex jobs may benefit later thinking skills greatly C. there exist links between job demands and preservation of memory D. he didn’t confirm the links between complex jobs and later thinking skills 39. We can learn from Dr Simon Ridley that __________. A. different occupations may make a difference in keeping the brain active B. people’s occupation has a direct influence on later-life cognition C. the study added more evidence about the factors affecting aging D. the study denied the association between jobs and later-life memory 40. What is the best title of the passage？ A. Aging affects brain health B. Complex jobs may protect memory C. Occupations influence aging D. Complex jobs demand complex skills
D A third of 15 to 18-year-olds in the UK have met someone in person they originally met through social media. The figure comes from an exclusive online Newsbeat poll （投票） of 1,015 British teenagers, put together by Comres. The survey also indicates that a quarter feel happier online than they do in real life. But overall, real-life relationships are still considered far more important than online ones, according to the findings. Sixty-six per cent polled last month said the number of friends they knew in person was more important to them, compared to 28% who said the same of the number of friends and followers they had online. The survey also suggests what lots of people know already, that social media is now an integral part of teenagers’ lives. Only one per cent of respondents said they never checked in online for social reasons. Facebook is the most popular social network (89% have an account),
followed by Twitter (62%) and Snapchat (58%). Dr Emma Short, a psychologist at the University of Bedfordshire, said, “The number of teenagers meeting up with people they first befriended online is worrying. Even very sophisticated security experts find it very hard to verify the identity of accounts. When you’re 15 and you’re very effective at identifying friends and risk, it’s easy to assume you can do that online. It’s not safe in that they may not be who they say they are and you know nothing about them apart from the conversation you’ve had online – which is a very small part of their lives and the person they may be.” The survey also indicated: ? 25% of teenagers admitted they were addicted to social media. ? 25% wished they could give up social media. “I can’t do without my phone.” says 17-year-old Aisha from Clapton, north London. “I can’t do without checking Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat.” When we ask Aisha about the prospect of taking her social networks away, the consequences, genuinely, are too hard to bear. Jealousy, loneliness, happiness and stress are all emotions felt by teenagers. 41. From the first two paragraphs we get to know that __________. A. the majority of the teenagers polled met their net friends B. more and more British adolescents feel happier online C. a third of 15 to 18-year-olds in the UK make net friends online D. a little more than 300 adolescents surveyed met net friends 42. According to the survey, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Sixty-six per cent polled think it important to meet net friends in person. B. More British adolescents consider friends in real life are more important. C. 28% polled said they had the same number of online friends as other 66%. D. 28% polled have the same number of real life friends and net friends. 43. What does the underlined word “respondents” in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. researchers B. people C. reporters D. teenagers 44. Which of the following best conveys Dr Emma Short’s view ? A. The online friends teenagers meet in person are worrying. B. It’s easy for 15-year-olds to make online friends. C. It’s difficult for adolescents to identify online friends and risk. D. The conversation with your virtual friends is helpful. 45. What is the writer’s attitude towards teenagers meeting up with online friends? A. Negative. B. Positive. C. Neutral. D. Tolerant. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字 母涂黑。 首先，阅读下面的旅游信息。 A. Malta Malta is a beautiful southern European country in the Mediterranean Sea, which has a rich history and culture. There are amazing sky-high cliffs to climb, wonderful temples to explore, mysterious hidden caves, and lots of wonderful places to go scuba diving. In fact, there are plenty of interesting things to see and to do in Malta and this island country has something for everyone. The historic part of Malta has incredible architecture, great walled cities, and many underground tunnels to explore. B. Australia Australia is an amazing continental island country, which everyone should visit at least once in life. It’s often identified as mega diverse country as it boasts a rich culture, fantastic wildlife, nice people, and a plethora of fun and interesting things to see and to do. Australia has literally everything, from the spectacular beaches, canyons, to breathtaking green forests to explore.
C. The Maldives Not only is the Maldives one of the most beautiful island countries, it is also one of the most popular honeymoon destinations. Situated in the middle of the Indian Ocean, the Maldives is made up of an entire series of incredible ancient coral reefs that grew up along the sides of ancient volcanoes. There is a magnificent ocean, with fascinating beaches and luxury resorts. If you are looking for the best honeymoon destination, the Maldives will be perfect for you. D. Cuba Unfortunately, many people don’t even think of visiting Cuba these days. However, Cuba is a charming island country that boasts the clear blue waters, the white sandy beaches, the best coral reefs in the world, the small shops and numerous attractions. This country has a rich culture and history to explore. And if you like to scuba dive or snorkel, Cuba should be number one on your travel bucket list. Cuba is the closest island to North America, so why not visit it this year? E. Fiji Fiji is a wonderful island that has plenty of surprises for any adventurous traveler. There is one of the world’s best surf scenes, and many surfing enthusiasts travel to Fiji yearly to ride the great waves. If surfing is not for you and you love sitting on the beach and relaxing or hiking, seeing breathtaking waterfalls, Fiji is certainly the best island country to visit. F. Japan I’m sure there’s no other place on the planet like Japan. It’s an island country where East meets West, the cultures do not clash, and where you will never feel bored. You will fill up on ramen, sushi, experience different culture, go hiking in the spectacular hills, and don’t forget to visit Tokyo. Tokyo’s bars, restaurants, pubs, and clubs are busy each night of the week. If you are a true shopaholic, Japan is a must visit place for you. 以下是几位旅游计划者的介绍，请把人物与其合适的旅游目的地匹配起来。 46. Peter and Jane have just got married. They want to spend their honeymoon on an island where they can see ocean and beautiful beaches. They would like to stay at a luxury hotel. 47. Linda is a young lady who likes shopping and colorful night life. She hopes to spend her holiday in an island country where she will never get bored and do a lot of shopping. 48. Tom is a young man who likes to take adventures. This summer, he wants to go surfing on an island. Meanwhile, he also wants to see waterfalls. 49. James is from The United States. He is planning a holiday to an island that is the closest to North America. He likes scuba diving, and wants to experience the local culture and history. 50. Mary is a university student who majors in ancient history. She prefers to visit an island where she can see historical architectures and experience the local culture. III．写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 去年圣诞节前，部分学校决定不允许学生在校园内举行任何与圣诞有关的活动。对于 这一决定，不同的学生有不同的看法。 赞成 中国学生应该重视传统节日， 积极参与 传统节日活动，弘扬传统文化。 反对 你的看法 ...... 举办圣诞节活动可以帮助学生了解西 方文化，学习西方文明；创造交流、放 松的机会，缓解学习压力。 参考词汇：carry forward the traditional culture 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。
第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) Parents of teenagers will have heard something like this: Leave me alone or I told you, we didn’t do anything at school. Maybe they’ve had a door or two slammed on them. And maybe they feel that all of their interactions are arguments. Sarah loves hanging out with her friends. That’s not surprising. Sarah is 16 and it’s typical for teenagers to spend time with their peers, especially their pals. So it makes sense when she gets mad about having to leave get-togethers with her friends early to meet her parents’ rule that she must stay at home after 9 p. m. “Sometimes my parents don't let me do anything,” Sarah says. “It seems that their rules are for a 10-year-old child, not a 16-year-old one.” Sarah admits she often responds to her parents’ rules by openly complaining about them. And to get her pride again, she sometimes does what she wants behind her parents’ backs. Sarah’s unwillingness to obey her parents may remind you of your own behavior toward your mom and dad. And the good news for young people is that it is normal for teens to rebel against their parents. “All teens go through a process of separating from their parents in order to gain some independence and a sense of identity,” says John Brightman, a child and adolescent psychologist. “Sometimes this process is accompanied by some anger, defiance( 反抗 ), and eye-rolling. But this stage of shifting relationships is an important part of growing up.” 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2．然后以约 120 个词谈谈你对“青少年心理叛逆”的看法，内容包括： 1）你认为青少年产生心理叛逆的原因； 2) 你熟悉的青少年典型叛逆期的行为表现； 3) 你是如何解决自己在叛逆期与父母之间的矛盾的。 【写作要求】 1．在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但 不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
I．语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 去年圣诞节前，部分学校决定不允许学生在校园内举行任何与圣诞有关的活动。对于 这一决定，不同的学生有不同的看法。 赞成 反对 你的看法 中国学生应该重视传统节日， 积极参与 举办圣诞节活动可以帮助学生了解西方文化，学习 ...... 传统节日活动，弘扬传统文化。 西方文明；创造交流、放松的机会，缓解学习压力。 参考词汇： 弘扬传统文化 carry forward the traditional culture 【写作要求】只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 【基础写作评分标准】 7-8 具有很好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性高，词汇方面使用较好，只有少许错 言语 误。
具有较好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性较好，有一些语法结构或词汇方面的 错误，但不影响理解。 3-4 语言运用能力一般； 语法和句子结构基本准确，语法结构或词汇方面的错误不影响理解。 1-2 语言运用能力较差；语法和句子结构基本不够准确，语法结构或词汇方面的错误较多， 而且影响了对句子意义的理解。 0 语言运用能力很差；语法、句子结构、词汇错误很多，句子意义无法理解。 备注 每少写一个句子，扣 1 分。 5 包括了所有信息内容。 4 包括了大部分信息内容。 内 3 包括了基本信息内容。 2 包括了小部分信息内容。 容 1 包括了少许信息内容。 0 没有包括所提供的信息内容。 2 内容连贯，而且结构紧凑。 1.5 内容连贯性比较好，而且结构比较紧凑。 连 贯 1 内容连贯性较差，而且结构不够紧凑。 0 内容缺乏连贯性，而且结构松散。 备注 文不对题，给 0 分。 基础写作主要考查考生语言结构的应用能力： 能够用正确、 规范的语言表达特定的内容。 本题目要求考生根据所提供的信息，使用 5 个句子表达［写作内容］所提供的全部内容。 在评分时， 应注意以下几个方面： 1． 按照评分标准，实行分析法评分：按语言、内容和连贯三项标准给分； 2． 在语言方面，重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范；考生是否使用了 合适的句型结构； 3． 在内容方面，重点评判考生是否表达全部规定的内容；如果考生在表达完整的内容 时，适当添加一些内容，不扣分； 4. 在连贯方面，重点评判 5 个句子是否构成一篇连贯的短文。 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) Parents of teenagers will have heard something like this: Leave me alone or I told you, we didn’t do anything at school. Maybe they’ve had a door or two slammed on them. And maybe they feel that all of their interactions are arguments. Sarah loves hanging out with her friends. That’s not surprising. Sarah is 16 and it’s typical for teenagers to spend time with their peers, especially their pals. So it makes sense when she gets mad about having to leave get-togethers with her friends early to meet her parents’ rule that she must stay at home after 9 p. m. “Sometimes my parents don't let me do anything,” Sarah says. “It seems that their rules are for a 10-year-old child, not a 16-year-old one.” Sarah admits she often responds to her parents’ rules by openly complaining about them. And to get her pride again, she sometimes does what she wants behind her parents’ backs. Sarah’s unwillingness to obey her parents may remind you of your own behavior toward your mom and dad. And the good news for young people is that it is normal for teens to rebel against their parents. “All teens go through a process of separating from their parents in order to gain some independence and a sense of identity,” says John Brightman, a child and adolescent psychologist. “Sometimes this process is accompanied by some anger, defiance( 反抗 ), and eye-rolling. But this stage of shifting relationships is an important part of growing up.” 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2．然后以约 120 个词谈谈你对“青少年心理叛逆”的看法，内容包括： 1）你认为青少年产生心理叛逆的原因；
2) 你熟悉的青少年典型叛逆期的行为表现； 3) 你是如何解决自己在叛逆期与父母之间的矛盾的。 【写作要求】 1．在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但 不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。 评分标准 项 分值 目 5
按照要求概括了原文的全部主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没有照抄原文的 句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没有照抄原文的 4 句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。 概 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，但包含一些不相关的信息，有个别句子抄自原 3 括 文。语言结构基本正确，行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括原文的主要信息，包含较多不相关的信息，有较多的抄袭。语言结 2 构不够准确，行文不够规范。 没有按照要求概括原文的主要信息，基本是不相关的信息，大多数句子都抄自原文。 0-1 语言结构不准确，行文不规范。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确，内容丰富。 词汇丰富，用词得当。能有效运用合适的语言结构，而且没有（或极少）语法错误。 18-20 篇章结构的连贯性好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确，个别内容不准确或者不相关。 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许的语法错误。 14-17 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题比较明确，个别内容不准确或者不相 关。 11-13 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许的语法错误。 写 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 作 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本明确，有些内容不准确或者不相关。 7-10 词汇有限，有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性一般。 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。多数内容不相关或者不准确。文章有些地方照抄源 文。 4-6 词汇贫乏，有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性差。 1-3 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确，文章基本照抄原文。 词汇极其贫乏，基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构零乱。 以下几种情况，给0分： 1）完全抄袭原文（或其它文章） 0 2）文不对题 3）只写一些零散的单词，完全没有表达完整的内容 在评分时，应注意以下几个方面： 1. 按照评分标准，实行分析综合法评分，按语言、内容和连贯三项标准综合给分；概要 和文章的分值分别为 5 分和 20 分。 2. 概括部分必须包括以下要点：
(1) Teenagers are unwilling to obey their parents in order to gain some independence and a sense of identity. (2) Teenagers usually go through an unavoidable growing-up process of rebelling against parents. (3) The process is an important part of growing up and is normal. 3. 写作内容应该包括： (1)考生对阅读文章后的感受； (2)1-2 种“青少年产生心理叛逆的原因”； （3)1-2 种“青少年典型叛逆期的行为表现”； (4)1-2 点考生对“如何解决自己在叛逆期与父母之间的矛盾”的建议。 4. 给分时在通篇把握的基础上，考虑要点是否完整，语法是否规范，句型是否多样，词 汇是否丰富。 One possible version: As an adolescent, Sarah goes through an unavoidable but significant growing-up process of showing her personality and establishing independence by doing what will annoy her parents to rebel against them, which is a process of separating from their parents and is normal. From my point of view, the reasons for teenagers becoming rebellious to parents are various, among which the need for freedom and independence are the most important ones. As children grow up, they think they are mature enough to make decisions and handle everything themselves. Therefore, they don’t want parents’ interference that makes them feel childlike and confined. This passage reminds me of my own experience when I was in the rebellious period. At that time, I was unwilling to communicate with my parents no matter what happened. Very often, after I got home, I just shut my room’s door and wrote my diary. Gradually, feeling unusual, my parents began to act like enemies to stop me from going anywhere they thought inappropriate or unsafe. It was this conflict that made us involved in endless complains and quarrels with each other. From then on, I am aware that it is no use rebelling against our parents and we must deal with this problem and improve the relationship between us. Firstly, we can discuss some interesting things as well as share our true feelings with our parents. Besides, we can also do homework and housework without being asked, which can make them happy. Last but not least, before going out, we should tell them where we are going and promise to go back early so that they will not worry about us. All in all, only if we respect and understand each other can we live harmoniously in a family.